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DANIEL LOCK, ARCHITECT (8th S. ii. 427).—The On one occasion Sir William Davenant, then a andexed entry is found in the Admission Register child, was observed by an elderly and crusty inof Trinity College, Cambridge :

babitant running along the street exhibiting great "1699. Aplis 8° Admissus est Daniel Lock, sub-siz. fil. joy, and on being asked by this person what was Dan. Lock, Londinensis, annos habet 17, e Scholâ Paulinâ the cause of

his excitement, replied that his “ godsub Præceptore Mro. Postlethwaite.

father Mr. Shakespeare had arrived at the inn.” Mr. Hopkins, Tut."

The boy was, however, somewhat repressed by the Mr. Lock presented to his college, in 1762, remark which fell from the elderly and crusty one's busts, by Roubiliac, of Lord Bacon and Sir Isaac lips—and which, doubtless, he did not understand Newton, which were duly placed in the college to the effect that nothing was more forbidden library (Willis and Clark's Architectural History by the Church than that one should take the name of the University of Cambridge,' 1886, vol. ii. of God in vain. JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON. pp. 549, 550).

DANIEL HIPWELL. Barnes Common. *17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

[The story repeated by MR. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON rests LOCAL NOTES AND QUERIES' (8th S. ii. 423, note to show that the charge against Shakspeare of being

on the authority of Oldys. It is an object of MR. Scott's 509). —Will you allow me to say that Northern the father of D'Avenant is improbable.] Notes and Queries is now published as the Scottish Antiquary and Northern Notes and Queries? The 'RATTLIN THE REEFER '(8th S. ii. 354,403, 494). title as given by you has fallen out of use. -Mr. Howard married Miss Williams, a daughter

A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN (Editor). of “Pablicola" of the Dispatch newspaper, who Alloa.

subsequently became the wife of the well-known SHAKSPEARE IN OXFORD (8th S. iii

. 5):- I remember her in her first early widowhood, and

Octavius Blewitt, Secretary of the Literary Fand. Allow me to thank MR. Scott for his information relative to the Avenants. May I add a little to the was told of her devotion to her clever husband, general information on this head ? I feel very who had lost his sight, and for whom she acted as

amanuensis.

C. A. WAITE. confident that the house No. 3, Cornmarket Street is the “Old Crown Inn " which Shake

St. Citha (gth S. ii. 309, 412; iii. 12). speare visited, and that the lately demolished Besides St. Osyth, the Saxon abbess, another St. "Crown Ind,” now a bank, and situated nearly oppo- Citha (or Sitha) was honoured in England at the site, had, at some time or other, usurped the title close of the fifteenth century, viz., St. Zita, a

oid Crown Inn.” As to the wby, of my belief, maidservant of Lucca, where her incorrupt body let it be enough to state that all the better writers has been preserved since her death in 1272. A on the point agree with me, and there is still, on the second floor of a room facing the street, an old erected in her honour at Ely about 1456 (vide

relic of her was brought into England and a chapel plastered wall having on it inscriptions in Eliza- Bollandists, Acta Sanctorum April 27);

and bethan character, one of which is, “ Fear God above hers, I believe, is one of the statues in Henry VII.'s all things”; and there is besides, over the mantel- chapel at Westminster Abbey. There is preserved piece of the same room, some more writing, and a at Stooghurst College a chasuble known as “the monogram I.H.S., or“ something like that.” My Lucca vestment,” which was made about the year informant is an intelligent workman, who witnessed 1460 for Ludovicus Bonvisi, a member of a wellthe replacing of the canvas which now covers up known Lucchese family, settled in London. On these interesting features, and the rendering of the this, along with the Volto santo of Lucca, St. sacred monogram by a friend of bis as being Peter, St. Sebastian, and St. Paulinus of Lucca, “ short for I have suffered,” opened to me a fresh is depicted “S. Sitha,” a maiden with long golden field of thought. It was, of course, scarcely worth hair, clad in a red undergarment and a blue cloak, while to explain that the letters were truly Greek, with a rosary in her left hand, a book in her right, and part of the name Jesus; but on drawing it for and a bunch of keys hanging from her girdle. A them as I.H.C., I was surprised by the informa- drawing and description of this vestment, as well tion that he had been told that the second version should be read “I have conquered.” Any in-be found in the Stonyhurst Magazine, vol. iii.

as a discussion on the identity of the saint, may formation regarding the inn will be thankfully acknowledged by

Is it not possible that the H. HURST.

pp. 120, 136, 191.

representation of St. Sitha at Winchester, and 6, Tackley Place, Oxford.

several others commonly referred to the Saxon I have a story running in my head, the author princess and abbess, are really intended for the of which I cannot remember, though perhaps it servant-maid of Lucca ? Would the former saint was Swift, which might go far to explain why have been represented with long hair and coloured Shakespeare put up at the “Crown Inn" at dress, and without any emblem of her royal birth, Oxford, and also to prove that the reason of bis ber religious life, or her martyrdom? The keys doing so was pretty well known in his own day. belong to St. Zita as well as to St. Osyth; she was invoked to find lost keys; "St. Sythe women intends to say. I do not know what ground get to seke theyr keys," says Sir Thomas More. Annandale’s ‘Dictionary' is supposed to cover; but

C. A. N. if it is copious and ignores thunder-stricken it is an Stonyhurst.

oversight. There is no verb “to thunder-strike " In addition to the existing examples of repre- MR. TERRY says, Shall I excuse him for pointing

extant. This brings me to Quintilian's fulgurare. sentations of this saint, I might mention that there is a figure of her depicted on the rood-screen at it out? Most assuredly, and thank him also. Ho Somerleyton Church, Suffolk, carrying, grasped in will find my authority

for what I said if he looks her hand, a book in a kind of elongated leather it out in Facciolati. But it is an error that even binding, termed a chemise. The name is there a Facciolati or a Porson may make. It is undoubtspelt St. Sitha (Reliquary, 1892).

edly of rare occurrence ; but a universal negative W. B. GERISH,

is too wide a verdict for a mortal judgment to South Town, Great Yarmouth,

place on record in a globe chockfull of exceptions.

As to what MR. WELCH says, I agree with very PRINCESS ANNE's Horse (8th S. ii. 427, 492). much of it, although I fundamentally disagree -The following is the gist of a contemporary with him as to the duty of those who pose as account: Francis Gwyn of Llansanor, clerk to scientific. The very term scientific, in the the P.C., accompanied James II. to Salisbury immeasurableness of human ignorance, is to me when he marched from London against William, aggressively solecistic. I hold that men of science who was at that time at Exeter, with an bave nothing to do with instructing their fellow advanced guard of three infantry regiments creatures, even in theirown branch of study. Those at Honiton, under the supreme command of who care anything about what the scientific fancy Col. Tollemache. Gwyn was in Salisbury with they know will go to them for it; but the large James from November 19 to 26, 1688, and has outer world care nothing for them or their fluctuleft a diary recording the events of the week. In ating knowledge. As for turning schoolmasters in it he says that Lord Cornbury left Salisbury with English and phraseologists, physicists had better two regiments of horse, viz., St. Alban's, under keep quite aloof from all that. I do not ask MR. Col. Langston, and the King's, under the Duke of WELCH to accept this view for one moment, but Berwick. His ostensible motive was to attack neither shall I adopt his. It all hinges very William ; his real, to desert to bis army. Cornbury largely on the old saying, "You should talk with and the dragoons got as far as Axminster, nine the vulgar, and think with the wise." Those who miles from Honiton, but the King's regiment, say “Yes”

to this are with me, the “Noes” getting scent of Cornbury's real motives, turned with MR. WELCH. We cannot agree till “Yes” back, while Langston's (sic) went on and joined Col. and “No” kiss hands.

C. A. WARD. Tollemacbe at Honiton, who was waiting to receive

Chingford Hatch, E. them, as he was informed of Lord Cornbury's

A more accessible author than Quintilian, intentions. Thus we find Gwyn speaking of Col. namely, Virgil ("Georgic,' i. 370), writes :Langston's Horse as St. Alban's, not the "Princess

At Boreæ de parte trucis quum fulminat, et quum Anne's," and subsequently as Langston's only,

Eurique Zephyrique tonat domus. they at that time being in the service of James.

R. A. F.

It seems to me that fulgurare expresses the flash Reading, Berkg.

of light, and fulminare the consequent sound.

E. WALFORD, M.A. Being gratefully conscious of the care with Ventnor. which 'N. & Q.' is printed, I am sure that I must be responsible for an omission at 1. 24 of p. 493; be a good authority on this matter. If so, I would

I should say Thomas Babington Macaulay would which leads to an inaccuracy. should follow "under its lieutenant-colonel, Thomas refer to bis Lays of Ancient Rome,' 'Horatius,

stanza xlvi.:Langston." I need bardly say that it was not the Prince of Orange, but Langston, who was there

And the great Lord of Luna

Fell at that deadly stroke, upon appointed colonel. Langston died in 1689,

As falls on Mount Alvernus but, bis brother succeeding him as colonel, the

The thunder-smitten oak. regiment continued to be known as “ Langston's

WM. GRAJAM F. Pigott. Horse."

KILLIGREW. Abington Pigotts. TERMS

ALICE FITZALAN (8th S. ii. 248, 314, 457, 496). TAUNDERSTORM (84. S. ii. 201, 413, 533). — There –This seems perfectly clear ; see Burke. Richard, is no question about a lightning-struck individual tenth Earl of Arundel, died 1397/8, had a daughter being called thunder-stricken, so that I do not Alice, born circa 1370, who married John Cherlton, thiok I quite see as clearly as I generally do Lord Powis. Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, died when MR. MANSERGH writes what in this case be 1397, married Alice FitzAlan, as above, and had

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issue. Cardinal Beaufort, born about 1372, may supposed supernatural power of song over inanibave been contracted to this lady early in life, mate objects. Oberon, in 'Midsummer Night's but when he took orders this contract would bé Dream,' says :annulled. I say nought of the morality of the

Thou rememberest proceeding, nor do I dispute the alleged paternity

Since once I sat upon a promontory, of Sir John de Stradling.

A. HALL.

And heard a mermaid on a dolphin's back
Uttering such dulcet and harmonious breath

That the rude sea grew civil at her song,
STEWART'S ROOMS (8th S. iii. 8).—These were at And certain stars shot madly from their spheres,
191, Piccadilly, the site now occupied by the To hear the sea-maid's music.
Institute of Painters in Water Colours. Stewart

Act II. sc. ii. 11. 148-154, was succeeded by Wheatley & Adlard, and later To this passage may be added the following lines by Pattick & Simpson.

A. L. HUMPHREYS. from Milton's 'Comus':187, Piccadilly, W.

But first I must put off Margaret Smith married, first, Thomas Carey

These my sky-robes, spun out of Iris' woof,

And take the weeds and likeness of a swain (or Carye), gentleman of the bedchamber to

That to the service of this house belongs, Charles I., and son of the Earl of Monmouth. He Who with his soft pipe, and smooth-dittied song, was one of the king's most attached servants, and

Well knows to still the wild winds when they roar, died, it was said, of grief at bis master's death. And hush the waving woods.-LI. 82-8. His widow married, secondly, Sir Edward Herbert. Cf. also, for the influence of music, the verses in Thomas Carey left one daughter, who married John Henry VIII.' beginning:Mordaunt, and was mother of the great Earl of

Orpheus with his lute made trees. Peterborough. Lady Carey was painted whole length

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. by Vandyck in 1636, and the picture, which was in the Wharton collection, was engraved by Faithorne,

FIRE BY RUBBING STICKS (8th S. ii. 47, 114, and also by Gunst. Granger describes Faithorne's 231, 314, 432 ; iii. 15).—One of the best accounts engraving as “one of the scarcest and finest of of this process, with an illustration, will be found all our English prints," and Bromley calls it in Dr. Lumholtz's 'Among Cannibals,' 1889, “ most fipe and rare. CONSTANCE RUSSELL.

John MURRAY. Swallowfield, Reading.

Of the production of fire by the friction of wood SLAUGHTER Family (8th S. ii. 467; iii. 17).-A against wood, windmills of the old construction branch of this family lived in a curious old house, When the force of the wind increased, the miller

gave, on a large scale, some disastrous examples. in the neighbourbood of Bromyard, called China Court, still in existence. There is a place at

was obliged to bring each of the sails in succession Powyke, near Worcester, called Slaughter's Court. when sudden 'squalls came on this was imprac

to the ground, in order to “unclothe" it; but E. A. H. L.

ticable, and the mill, in extreme cases, ran away, In Hotten's Original Lists' four representatives i.e., could not be stopped. Everything was now of this family are named. See also Wheatley's done to increase the grip of the wooden brake

Index to Obituary Notices in Gent. Mag.,' where round the great wheel on the driving-shaft, and two are named. Peacock's 'Index of Royalists,' water was poured copiously over them; but in

A. L. HUMPAREYS.

spite of all this flames would sometimes burst out 187, Picadilly, W.

from the intense friction, and the mill be probably The Slaughter families seem to bave originated burnt down as the result. The beautiful machinery in Gloucestershire, the name being a corruption of of the modern windmill, by wbich the miller con. Slobtres (the name of a hundred in that county). trols the action of the sails from the interior The family bad Cheney Court, Herefordshire ; and of the building, has reduced this danger to a there, or at Hopton Sellers, the old bearing, with minimum. impalement and quarterings, used to exist. The To obtain fire by the rubbing together of sticks Sclaters of Leighton Buzzard, &c., were doubtless is certainly no easy matter to the uninitiated ; it a branch. A mural tablet in the church gives must be one of kpack and practice. My own three generations, I think. The arms seem iden- attempts in this direction have always been untical. So also the Slatter and Slater families of successful. Even with the great friction available various districts seem to have come from the game with the lathe, I have never got beyond smoke. stem, and in all the variety of names to recall the

F. J. N. IN old sloe trees of their original home.

Court Place, Ifley, Oxford.
THOMAS WILLIAMS.

The Devil's Books (8th S. ii. 9, 57, 134, 232, GRAY's 'BARD'(8ta S. ii. 485; iii, 15).— With 373). —When crossing the Humber some years regard to the lines quoted by your correspondent, ago I board an old dame on the steam packet refer there can be little doubt that Gray refers to the to cards as “the devil's bible.” L. L. K.

P. 40 d.

VAYNE CASTLE, FEARN, FORFAR, N.B. (8th S. Lightfoot. It represents the duke in Windsor ii. 287).—Considerable information concerning uniform, holding by his left hand the left hand of Vayne Castle is to be found in 'The Land of the a lady, who wears a riding-habit and plumed bat. Lindsays,' by A. Jervise, published by D. Douglas, At a little distance & groom holds two horses. Edinburgh, 1882.

J. O. The surrounding scenery somewhat resembles that

of the Lake District. The picture was painted by THE CAUSE OF DEATH (86b S. ii. 428, 533).

three artists, Benjamin Wilson, Gilpin, and Sir John Cullum, in bis ' Hist. Hawstead,' p. 172, Barrett. Wilson was a portrait painter, and was compares the tradition as to the death of Elizabeth Master Painter to the Board of Ordnance. Gilpin Drury to the story of Lord Russell's daughter drew animals, and was taken under the patronage “ dying of a prick of her finger," because her of the Duke of Cumberland. Can the Rev. E. statue in Westminster Abbey “represents her as LEATON-BLENKINSOPP throw any light upon this holding down her finger, and pointing to a death's head at her feet.” Another case which may come

EDMUND A. H. LECAMERE.

picture ? under the above heading is that of the figure of “EATING POOR JACK” (gth S. ii. 529). — To eat Sir John Rossington in the chancel of Yolgreave “poor John" was a not uncommon expression in Church, Derbyshire. He lies (cross-legged) with earlier days, and probably Dr. Campbell was his heart between his hands, and tradition reports simply familiarizing the proper name of the dish, that he one day chased a deer into the church and Salted and dried bake was, and perhaps is, called slew it there, whereon he fell down and expired, poor John” on some parts of the coast of Cornand his heart jumped into bis band, as a judgment, wall; and William Habington, the historian and I suppose, against the sacrilege he committed. I poet (1605–1645), in bis volume of poems, under forget the date, but think it was in the thirteenth the title of 'Castara,' exclaims, “Vaunt wretched century. I am also under the impression that a berring and Poor John!" detailed account of this monument and tradition

JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON appeared in one of the numbers of the Reliquary. Barnes Common

CHARLES DRURY.

Poor Jack" seems obviously the same as CAARLES LAMB AS A RITUALIST (8th S. iii. 28). “Poor John," a kiod of dried coarse fish, a common -PALAMEDES has certainly unearthed an odd article of diet, constantly referred to by the Elizapassage from Lamb's

essay On Some of the Old bethan writers. Several quotations are given in Actors '; yet it is very quaint and graceful, too, Na es's 'Glossary.” A. COLLINGWOOD LEE. especially in its original setting. He says of

Waltham Abbey. Dodd :

An OLD MULBERRY TREE (8th S. ii. 384, 412, I think he was not altogether of that timber out of which Cathedral seats and sounding boards are bewed.

direct evidence that Shake

534). - There is no But if a glad heart-kind, and therefore glad—be any speare actually planted the mulberry that was part of sanctity, then might the robe of Motley...... known as his." There was a mulberry tree at the be accepted for a surplice-his wbite stole and albe." back of New Place, which house and garden was

Lamb does not actually say that Dodd wore a purchased by Shakespeare from the Underhill “ white stole and albe."

I cannot resist sending family in 1597. Malberry trees were introduced the familiar lines from The Jackdaw of Rheims? and planted in England early in the seventeenth about the

century. Shakespeare may have planted the tree Six little singing boys,

wbich afterwards bore his name. In Wheler's Dear little souls,

History of Stratford-on-Avon,'published in 1806, In nice clean faces, and nice white stoles.

there is on p. 136 the following and first-printed I dare say that Charles Lamb knew better; and reference, and Wheler was a very careful chronicler: certainly the author of 'The Ingoldsby Legends,' “ The celebrated mulberry tree planted by Shakeone of my predecessors as Librarian of St. Paul's, speare's band, became first an object of his [Rev. Francis knew a bawk from a bandsaw.

Gastrell's] dislike, because it subjected him to answer the W. SPARROW SIMPSON.

frequent importunities of travellers, whose zeal might

prompt them to visit it. In an evil hour the sacrilegious HANNAH LIGHTFOOT (8th S. ii. 264, 334, 453, priest ordered the tree, then remarkably large, and at 531). --MR. W.F. WALLER is mistaken in saying that its full growth, to be cut down; which was no sooner the Duke of Cumberland married Mrs. Horton at done than it was cleft to pieces for fire-wood; this took Calais

. The ceremony was performed in Hertford place in 1756, to the great regret and vexation not only Street, Mayfair. The pair afterwards went abroad The greater part of it was soon after purchased by Mr. by Calais.

Thomas Sharp, of Stratford, who, well knowing what

value the world bad set upon it, turned it much to his Some years ago I purchased a picture which was advantage, by converting every fragment into small described by its former owner, a well-known boxes, tooth-pick cases, tobacco-stoppers, and numerous Worcestershire clergyman, as a clandestine meet- other articles." ing of the Duke of Cumberland with Hannab Wheler adds, in a note, that Sharp, in answer With great

to insinuations that his relics were not all from the known, but I was not previously aware that one original tree, made a formal affidavit on his death of her many husbands was a man of this parish. bed, that all he had sold were from the original The note shows that her own generation believed tree, and be adds in the affidavit, whicb Wheler her story, I think.

H. M. BATSON. gives in full, that he had “ often heard Sir Hugh Welford, Berks. Clopton solemnly declare that the Mulberry Tree

Those interested might refer to Scots Mag., 1750, which growed in his garden was planted by Sbake

298-330. pp.

R. B. LANGWILL. speare. This Sir Hugh Clopton repurchased the family property from Lady Elizabeth Barnard, TELEPHONIC (8tb S. ii. 488).—The word “phonothe granddaughter of Shakespeare, and died in gram " is already appropriated, and as defined in 1753. He could not bave had personal knowledge, Åpnandale’s ‘Dictionary' (1890), means “ a sound but he must have repeated wbat his predecessors as reproduced by the phonograpb.” had said.

ESTE.

quaking and shaking of heart I would ask, Why In reply to your querist C. C. B. as to whether not call a telephonic message simply a tel'ephòn? there is in existence any nick-nack made from this

J. F. MANSERGH. celebrated tree, I may mention that my maternal

Liverpool. grandfather (the late George Daniel, of Canonbury), A word for “telephonic message” was proposed bequeathed (with other relics of the bard) a very some years ago. It was to be telepheme, from beautifully carved casket, which is in the Mediæval rîle and býun. But evidently the word did not Room at the British Museum, and which it has take.

L. L. K. been authenticated was made from the wood of this tree. The sale of my grandfather's Shake

Phonogram ” bas been already appropriated in sperian library by Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson Pitman's system of phonography, and used for & Hodge caused quite a sensation at the time many years for the mark or sign which indicate a

R. Hudson. (1864), and the most valuable volume (folio edi- particular sound. tion of Shakespeare) was bought by the Baroness

Lapworth. Burdett Coutts for the large sum of 7141. 28.

How would phogram suit MR. LOUTHEAN ? HUBERT CHADWICK. Does not "phonogram " properly belong to the

W. M. S. There is one of the snuff-boxes inquried after in phonograph ?

Leith, N.B. my possession. The lid, on its outside, bas a small portrait of Shakespeare, covered with glass, TANANARIVO (8th S. ii. 527).—Does not anta and surrounded by a ring of ivory. Inside it bas signify inbabitants ? (See Malte-Brun's 'Geothe following inscription, printed in red letters on grapby. But Antananarivo is said to mean “ the a silvered paper :

city of a thousand towns” (Oliver's 'Madagascar,' * Part of the | Mulberry Tree | Planted by | Shak. &c.).

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. speare | at Stratford upon Avon | presented by the Rev. Hastings. Thomas Rackett | and G. F. Beltz, Eeq. | Executors of the Will of Mrs. Garrick."

“ BURN THE

(8th S. ii. 527).--The I have also a corresponding box made from late Matthew Holbeche Bloxam, in one of his David Garrick's cypress tree, with Garrick's por

'interesting communications to the Rugby School trait similarly inserted in its lid, inscribed simi Meteor, June 26, 1879, referring to the “ Þomum” larly :

formerly in use in the school, writes :

“The third line in tbe first stanza originally, as I “Part of a | Cypress | planted at Hampton | by Mr. remember t sixty-five years ago, ran as follows, and Mrs. Garrick | and which I died in the year of her Death | 1822 | Presented by the Rev. Thomas Rackett

Sing, old Rose, and burn the bellows, and G. F. "Beltz, Esq. I Executors of the Will of but as this was what a fellow could not understand, it Mrs. Garrick"

was substyuently altered, as I have given it. It was, WILLIAM FRAZER, M.R.I.A. however, a real saying, originating from one George 20, Harcourt Street, Dublin.

Roge, Esq., sometime M.P. for Christchurch, an elderly

gentleman now defunct, who was equally celebrated for Hannah SNELL (8th S. ii. 88, 171, 455).—I do his vocal ablities and his wanton destruction of furniture

when in a state of excitement. Such appears in a note not agree with M. in thinking this woman an to an edition of the “ Ingoldsby Legends, published in impostor. Contemporary evidence is in her favour. 1863. It has also been noticed in one of the early I was copying our parish registers for publication volumes of Notes and Queries, but I have been unable to 3 year or two ago, and came upon a note in the find the passage.”

A. T. M. writing of tbe then rector of this place, after entry of a marriage in 1772 between Richard Habgood, These are the concluding words in sixteen lines of Welford, and Hannah Eyles, “ Had: Snell, of rhyme which appear in Taylor's ' Antiquitates Soldier." That she had married in 1759, a man Curiose,' and which the author copied " from a called Eyles, of Newbury, was, I believe, generally curious old book.” In ‘Notes about Notts’ (1874,

BELLOWS

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