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than that of the noble metal. While meditating Wars of the Jews,'cap. xxv., under the name of on the subject Archimedes went one day to bathe, “Baaras-root.” Perhaps these works will throw and the bath happening to be quite full, he saw light on the origin of the superstition he is that a quantity of water overflowed precisely equal desirous of tracing. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. to his own immersed bulk. The idea flashed 71, Brecknock Road, upon him that the crown lowered into a vessel
In the latter half of your correspondent's quotaquite full of water would, if of pure gold, displace tion there is an obvious allusion to the sbriek and cause to overflow a quantity of water equal to uttered by the mandrake when it was subjected to that which would be displaced by a mass of gold of violence : any shape, but of the same weight as the crown.
I last night lay all alone If, however, the crown were an alloy, it would dis- On the ground to hear the mandrake groan. place a larger volume of water than would be
Ben Jonson, 'Masque of Queens.' displaced by a crown of gold. In fact, it appeared Sown next the vines, the mandrake might give that Hieron's crown was an alloy, of gold and warning of the presence of depredators.
What silver, let us suppose in the proportion of 20 to 7 says the context ?
F. ADAMS, by weight. Now suppose, for the sake of avoiding decimals, INSCRIPTION On Brass, Oxted
CHURCH, we take water, the standard of comparison, to be SURREY (8th S. iii. 387). --The following inscrip100. Then,
tion upon a slab—now placed vertically-in the The weight of a cubic inch of water equals
100 north aisle of the church of Lanivet, near Bodmin, The weight of a cubic inch of gold
1,925 is interesting, as not only recording the “last The weight of a cubic inch of silver
1,053 words” but also the 'Cause of Death' (8th S. ii.
428, 533 ; iii. 76, 154, 275, 355):The weight of 20 cubic inches of gold
38.500 The weight of 7 cubic inches of silver
"In memory of Ann the only child of John Pasco and
Dorothy his wife of this Pøb, who was buried the 27th The weight of 27 cubic inches of the alloy 45,871 day of April, 1724, in the 14th year of her age. The weight of a cubic inch of the alloy
“She was very Religious from her Infancy And much
given to Prayer and Especially in her Death bed, where Hence the specific gravity of the alloy is 1,698, she sung ye 84th Psalm and said ye following verse. that of water being 100, but if the crown had Farewell Parents dear, Father and Mother. been of pure gold its specific gravity would have You 'll lose youre Daughter dear, tho' you ’ve no other. been 1,925.
Pray do not grieve for
me, for I am going. The overflow method devised by Archimedes
Where there are joys sor e'er, like fountains flowing. has long been superseded by the hydrostatic Reader who e'er thou art, that view these lines. balance (which gives far more accurate results) and She was the hopes of Father, and of Mother. various forms of hydrometer, an instrument said to Their only Child, they never had another. have been invented by Hypatia, a learned Greek Her Piety, and virtue so Divino lady of Constantinople. O. TOMLINSON, F.R.S. Few of her years so vertuously inclin'd. Higbgate, N.
She Prayy and Praised, ye Lord while she had Breath.
Till by a raging fever, brought to Death. HIGHLAND LIGAT INFANTRY REGIMENT (86h S. She cry'd I go to Christ, friends do not mourn. iii. 367).—This regiment has on its colours twenty
You 'll come to me, but I shall ne'er return. eight battles. The 60th Royal Rifle Corps has a We hope her soul, with her Redeemer rests.'
Almighty God, He knows what's for her best, record of thirty battles, but cannot show them on its colours, as rifle regiments do not carry colours.
The thought of “fountains flowing” was no
doubt F. C. K.
to this girl upon her bed of fever.
Č. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON. MANDRAGORA (8th S. iii. 429).—The various Eden Bridge, speculations respecting the mandrage, its pro- In Tomson's version of the New Testament perties, strange fables, legendary lore, is an endless subject. If I. E. S. wishes to go deeply into the (Genevan Bible) there is a marginal note to “from ridiculous tales told of this plant he should refer deuil, or from all aduersitie.”
(Matt. vi. 13), which runs "From the to Gerardo's 'Herbal' (1597); Rev. A. Dyce's
J. F. MANSERGH. Glossary to Shakespeare's Works'; 'Folk-lore of
Liverpool. Plants,' by Rev. T. F. Thiselton-Dyer; 'Folk Etymology,' by Rev. A. S. Palmer ; 'Mystic Trees and “SALLER MONY" (8th S. iii. 408).—This was a Flowers,' by Moncure D. Conway; Fraser's toll, or custom, paid for salt, especially so used in Magazine, 1870, ii. 705 ; Timbs's Things not Cheshire. The sallery, or fee for collecting it, was Generally Known,' p. 103 ; All the Year Round, called "salarium" as early as Edward III.'s reigo. second series, x. 520, xxxvi. 371, 413; Dic- Probably it may occur in the church accounts tionary of the Natural History of the Bible,' by mentioned, in connexion with some revenues in Dr. Harris ; Nares's Glossary'; and Josephus's that parish from pits or customs. Also "Sallicher” was a service of carrying salt by tenants for their of Rome a copy of King Henry's book against Luther, lords.
C. GOLDING. which led to that sovereign receiving the title of Colchester,
• Defender of the Faith,' still used, though with a very
different meaning. The church was not pulled down ou Rev. HENRY ADAMS (8th S. iii. 387, 417, the dissolution of the abbey, but remained until 1706, 478.)-The statement quoted from the Gent. Mag. when, being in a very dilapidated and dangerous state, it of July, 1839, to the effect that Mr. Adams had exception of the north wall, upon which the chief monubeen at the time of his death, in 1839, for forty- ments are placed. Then the writer says that the nine years chaplain to Lord Montagu, must be parishioners of St. Catherine Cree, in 1622, obtained qualified by the fact that the eighth and last Vis- leave of Charles I. to rebuild
the priory church with the count of Cowdray, was, as every one knows, drowned quite evident that the writer of the article has mixed up at the Falls of Laufenburg or Schaffhausen in 1793. our church and the abbey with another church and some It is true that Mark Antony Browne assumed the priory. What in the world could the parishioners of title, but as he had previously been a friar of the St. Catherine Cree have to do with Holy Trinity, Roman Church, in which communion he died in Minories ? Also, as the church was not rebuilt until 1708,
Lord Mayor Barkham certainly did not assist to rebuild 1797, it is unlikely that be required the services of it in 1622; but Sir William Pritchard,
who was Lord the chaplain of Beaulieu. PERCEVAL LANDON.
Mayor in 1683, purchased the abbey, and resided in it
during his mayoralty, calling it, I believe, the Mansion ROBERT MONTGOMERY MARTIN (8th S. iii. 408, House. 477).-A memoir of this writer is prepared, and will
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. appear in due course in the 'Dictionary of National 71, Brecknock Road. Biography.'
[Many replies to the same effect are acknowledged.] RELICS IN A LONDON CAURCH (8th S. iii. 466). -The correctness of the statements contained in
Miscellaneous. the paragraph which appeared in the City Press has been challenged by no less an authority than
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. the learned vicar of Holy Trinity, Minories, who, History of St. Edmund's College Old Hall. By the
Very Rev. Bernard Ward, the President. (Kegan in the following extract from a letter addressed to
Paul & Co.) the editor of the Standard, says:
The Catholic College of Old Hall is the only existing “An article has gone the round of the papers purport- educational institution which can trace its history back ing to give particulars of my church and its past history, to the times of the penal laws, when it was contrary to some extracts of which appeared in your morning and statute for the Roman Catholic body to have schools evening editions of the 25th instant. Will you permit of their own where their faith was taught. Twyford me, then, to say that none of the statements in that School was established in the reign of James II., when article are correct? In the first place, the name of my for a short time the penal statutes were suspended. church is not ‘St. Mary in the Minories,' but ‘Holy The Revolution does not seem to have materially affected Trinity, Minories '; secondly, the mummified bead which Twyford, for Mr. Ward tells us that it continued to exist we have could not be that of the Duke of Norfolk, as the for more than fifty years. It was suspended during the writer states, for that nobleman never had anything to do Rebellion of 1745, but was revived at Standon eight years. with the abbey or the church that I am aware of ; but after, from which place it was removed to Old Hall, it may be the head of the Duke of Suffolk, to whom the where it yet remains, in 1769. In its earlier days it was á abbey was given for a residence, by royal letters patent, mere lay school;, but when the French Revolution swept in the reign of Edward VI., and who, whilst resident away the English colleges on the Continent, Old Hall there, was beheaded for attempting to place his received a large influx from Douay, so that the present daughter, Lady Jane Grey, upon the throne. The college of Old Hall may be said to have a double parenthead was found in 1853 in one of the vaults, in a box of age, the one lay and the other ecclesiastical, Douay ouken sawdust, which, acting as an antiseptic, has was founded in the reign of Elizabeth as a place of marvellously preserved the skin of the face. Thirdly, education for Catholic exiles by Cardinal William Allen, the writer says that the ancient Priory of Holy Trinity a Lancashire man, who had been educated at Oriel was founded by Matilda, Quoen of Henry I., in 1108,' College, Oxford. He graduated in arts in 1554, and whereas we know that the abbey (not priory) and its shortly after became head of St. Mary's Hall and a church were built in 1293 by Queen Blanche, widow of canon of York. When Protestantism was established Henry Le Gros, King of Navarre, who afterwards married by Queen Elizabeth he threw up his preferments and Edmund, Earl of Lancaster. The arms of the Queen, went over sea, where at length he founded Douay, which with those of the Earl of Lancaster, are now in our was an important educational centre until 1793. In a vestry. Fourthly, the writer states that on the dissolu- certain shadowy way Douay may be said to have repretion of monasteries by Henry VIII., the priory and its sented the old traditions of Oxford, and to have handed precincts were given to Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor them on to its daughter Old Hall, of England, who, after pulling down the church, made the We have seldom met with a fuller or more accurate place his residence until his death in the year 1554.' history of an educational establishment. From the first These mistakes are even worse than the former ones, for page to the last Mr. Ward's book overflows with facts, Henry VIII. gave the abbey to the Bishop of Bath and many of which will prove of interest to all persons Wells (Dr. John Clerk) for a place of residence, where he whatever their form of religious belief, who care for died, and was buried in the vaults of our church, though the educational progress which has been so marked afterwards his body was, for some cause, removed to Ald. a characteristic of the century now closing. The fifth gate Church. This was the man who took to the Pope chapter, which gives an account of the sufferings and imprisonment of the Douay men at the bands tcrian the facts it contains are invaluable; we do not of the French revolutionists, is highly instructive, and think, however, that it adds so much to our stock of forms by itself a tale of thrilling interest. With a few knowledge as to general history as some of the previous alterations and additions it would make a useful little volumes have done. We need hardly say that the book if printed separately. So many things have come editorial work is excellent. to pass since then that there are but few of us who have in our minds anything beyond a very blurred picture A New LITERARY SOCIETY.The birth of a new of the sufferings of the English in France when war literary society, which we hope to make one of the first broke out.
rank, is an event worthy of being chronicled in. N. & Q.' Two Centuries of Stepney History, 1480-1680. Three The happy event took place at the Royal United Service Lectures. By Walter Howard "Frere. (Thomas & Institution on the afternoon of Tuesday, the 13th inst., Boutell.)
when, by a meeting called together to consider the quesMR. FRERE is one of the curates of Stepney parish tion, it was formally resolved " That a society be, and
is church. He has occupied bis leisure in compiling these hereby, formed for the publication of rare or unedited lectures , which were, we gather, delivered to his people, the office of president,
and a provisional committee was
works relating to the Navy." Lord Spencer has accepted of view all that could be wished. In popular lectures of appointed to consider the
name of the society. to draft this kind we do not expect to find original discoveries. laws, &c., and prepare a list of council and officers, all Probably there are no facts in Mr. Frere's pages which are to be reported to a general meeting of the which have not before found their way into printed society, at the United Service Institution, on Tuesday, books; but he has been a diligent student not only of the July 4, at 5 P.M. Though nominally a meeting of the local annals of his parish, but also of general history 80 society, we shall be glad to welcome any one who is far as it has affected Stepney. Dean Colet, Bishop Fox, interested in the subject of naval literature. The society the Charterhouse monks, Thomas Cromwell (Henry contemplates working on similar lines to those of the VIII.': Vicar General),
and many other notable men of Camden and Hakluyt Societies, and printing for its the Reformation period dit before us. Their respective the Record Office, the British Museum, or in private characters are sketched in a few words, and this is done collections, as well as some of the rare works of which without prejudice or partisan bitterness. arrive at the period of the great Puritan revolt, in the only one or two copies now exist, and some also of those following century, Mr. Frere becomes more sketchy; not perhaps so rare, but practically inaccessible from but he chronicles several matters of importance. The the form in which they have been published. Mongon's account of the local dissenting congregations in the it, in Churchill's collection of voyages, is avowedly
• Tracts' is one such work; and as the only version of reign of Charles II. is very good.
“edited," it is not improbable that when we come to Marriages, Regular and Irregular, with Leading Cases. compare it with the original MS. we may find the
By an Advocate. (Glasgow, William Hodge & Co.) printed copy as much Churchill's back as Monson. This book is intended for those persons about to marry, Many others might be named; but I will not trespass and others of the general public wbo are interested in further on your space, except to say that if any one the subject. It has not been written for the legal wisbes to become a member of the society, or wants to practitioner, but for the ignorant layman, whose loose know more about it, let him ask, not a policeman, but and hazy conceptions of marriage quite astonish the the provisional secretary,
J. K. LAUGHTUN. learned advocate, Free use has been made of the law Catesby House, Manor Road, Barnet. reports, and many of the cases which have aroused great popular interest are referred to. Much curious and interesting matter will be found in the pages of this
Notices to Correspondents. little book.
We must call special attention to the following nolices: A Fragment of the Apocryphal Gospel of St. Peter found at Akhmim in Egypt. Translated from the address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but
On all communications must be written the name and Greek. (Norgate.) THE apocryphal gospel attributed to St. Peter has as a guarantee of good faith. been discussed so fully in magazines and newspapers that
We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. we shall discharge our duty by acknowledging this To secure ingertion of communications correspondente translation and saying that the rendering is correct and must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, scholarlike. Where difficulties occur—and there are
or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the several—the anonymous author of this version has given signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to the alternative renderings of other scholars.
appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested We have received the fifth volume of the Acts of the to head the second communication "Duplicate." Privy Council of England, edited for the Master of the PENTELOW (8th S. iii. 109).-Will E. be good enough Rolls by John Roche Dasent (Her Majesty's Stationery to communicate with A. B; Pentelow, 6, Claremont Office). It includes the years 1554-1556. In the six- Villas, Sydenham, S.E. teenth century the Privy Council was in many respects
CORRIGENDUM.-P. 468, col. 1, 1, 18 from bottom, for a far different body from what it is now. The servile
“ Wilson " read IVinslow. parliaments of the Tudors dared not resist the royal will, whether it was on the side of the old religion or the
NOTIOR. now. The Privy Council was a committee nominated Editorial Communications should be addressed to“ The by the sovereign, and we have no reason to sup. Editor of Notes and Queries '"--Advertisements and pose that either the Peers or the Commons had any Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office influence, however indirect, in the appointment of its Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. members. The years included in this volume were the We beg leave to state that we decline to return comtimes of great Papal reaction. Almost every page bears munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and witness of this, and for the purposes of the local bis- to this rule we can make no exception.
JOURNAL OF ENGLISH AND FOREIGN LITERATURE, SCIENCE,
THE FINE ARTS, MUSIC, AND
This Day's ATHENÆUM contains Articles on
Treloar; Ivan Greet's Masterpiece; The Great Chin Episode: A
Brent, M.D.; Tintin.
MEMOIRS of CHARLES SUMNER-MR, CURZON'S CANON of
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The ATHENÆUM for June 10 contains Articles on LEIGH HUNT. DANTE'S PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. THREE BOOKS on SCOTTISH HISTORY. The NICOMACHEAN ETHICS. RABELAIS in ENGLISH, The STEALING of the MARE. NEW NOVELS-A Passage through Bohemia ; Parson Jones; Topple
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The ATHENÆUM for June 3 contains Articles on
EAST INDIAN STATE PAPERS, 1630–34.
Great Peril; _The Voice of & Flower; A Deformed Idol; Elton
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