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back to I know not. There is a picture of her, by me to his bosom, and said, 'What are you tryin' to do?' the way, in the Academy_this year, Saved: I answered with exquisite politeness, "Sir, let us take a Nelson's “ Foudroyant,” by J. Nelson Drummond walk down, Fleet Street.?»—Rudyard Kipling, "Many
Inventions,' 1893, p. 235. (No. 1063). I should also be glad of any interesting particulars connected with her history.
Did Dr. Johnson ever say anything of the kind? FOUDROYANT.
The saying is now as familiar as“ Son of St. Louis,
ascend to heaven !” but is it any more authentic? POCOCK.-Charles Montagu Pocock (born 1792) Do I sleep, do I dream, or are visions about, if served as a Lieutenant of Dragoons in the Peninsula I imagine that Mr. G. A. Sala confessed some and at Waterloo. I shall be grateful for further time ago that when a motto was wanted for Temple particulars of his career in the army, such as dates Bar Magazine he invented the admirable Johnof commissions, &c. He died in 1870.
sonian sentiment ? If I am wrong, G. A. S. will
BEAULIEU. surely forgive me, and tell ‘N. & Q.' where the MURDER OF A SHERIFF OF MIDDLESEX.
saying came from. Some day an annotated KipNorden and Thorpe, in their 'Survey of the Manor ling will be required, and 'N. & Q.' will be conof Kirton-in-Lindsey,' made in 1616, writing of sulted by the New Zealander editor. Somerby, an estate in the parish of Corringham,
WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK.
Glasgow, near Gainsburgh, say that the owner, Topcliffe, had "a sonne and heir apparent who comitted a felonie, and PEPys.--"My name, sir, is Peppis," I once was thereof convicted, and in the life time of his father, had the advantage of hearing a member of the had his pardon, and after comitted a seconde felonie, his existing Pepys family correct an unadvised interfather lyvinge, by killing the Sherife of Midd. in West- locutor wbo had called him “Peps.” Mr. Wheatley · minster
ball, and after that his father dyed, and the son procured a second pardon, and so entred into the lande bas recently decided that the diarist's name was as heir."
pronounced neither Peppis," nor Peps," nor As this atrocity must have been of recent date “Peeps,” but “Papes. I thought this prowhen Norden and Thorpe drew up this survey, nunciation had been fixed some time ago. Lord there cannot be any reasonable doubt that their Braybrooke cites the register of St. Olave's, Hart statement is true. I have, however, failed to find Street: “June 4, 1703. Sam Peyps, Esq., buried any confirmatory evidence for it. Can any one tell in a vault, by je com'union table”; and adds: me what was the name of any sheriff of Middlesex “This is decisive as to the proper pronunciation of who was murdered in the latter years of Elizabeth ? the name." But was Samuel called “Payps I shall be glad to know the Christian names of these “Peeps"? When he was a young man, in 1656, two Topcliffes, father and son. I believe the elder there was published a little book called "The to have been Richard and the younger Charles, Scoller's Practicall Cards,' by F. Jackson, M.A. but require confirmation of this. Any facts bear- | The author incidentally refers to the "tinker that ing on this tragedy will be of use to me for a work can but tell his peeps at cards.” “Peeps," of which I am now preparing for the press.
course, pips. If Pepys were pronounced as
EDWARD PEACOCK. the M.A. seems to have pronounced "pips," then Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.
Punch's “Mr. Pips' Diary" had a better title than
was perhaps imagined. W. F. WALLER. FRANK WHISTLER, THE PAINTER.–Any information will oblige.
W. W. Wootton, SURREY.- Are any particulars obtainALDGATE OR ALDERSGATE.- In the Kalendar
able concerning this house, its builder and its of an English Missal, in the Bateman sale, there tenants, before it came, in 1579, into the possession is an entry that will interest some of your readers,
of the Evelyns ?
H. T. and perhaps help to fix the name of one of the LODGINGS UNDER THE COMMONWEALTH.-In London gates : “3 Non. Octob. Dedicatio Ecclesiæ the State Papers of 1858-1659, there are frequent Sancti Botulphi extra Aldrichgate.” There is a references to great personages exchanging lodgings
, church dedicated to St. Botulf just outside Ald. or being given certain other great personages
' gate. Was there one also outside Aldersgate ? lodgings. Some of those so named were holding If not, Aldrichgate would seem to be the right offices, and others apparently not, at the time. name for Aldgate in the fifteenth century, the date Were these state lodgings ; and to whom were of the MS.
J. C. J.
D. “LET US WALK DOWN FLEET STEET.".
RUMBOLD Family.Can any correspondent say "I had leisure to think of a thousand things as I ran; whether William Rumbold, who lived at Parson's but most I thought of the great and god-like man Green, Fulbam, was in any way related to the reDanes a hundred years ago. I know that he at least publican conspirator of Rye House notoriety? would have felt for me. So occupied was I with these William Rumbold, who died May 2, 1667, was considerations, that when the other policeman hugged Clerk and Comptroller of His Majesty's Great
Wardrobe, and Surveyor-General of all the Customs of England. A pedigree, showing the re
Beylies. ationship, if any, would be of great assistance to me. I am acquainted with a recent paper
SUGAR-PLUMS. by Sir Horace Rumbold ('Notes on the His
(8th S. iii. 407.) tory of the Family of Rumbold in the Seventeenth Century'), published in vol, vi.. of the BOUCHIER a tray of dainties. Our forefathers seem
Instead of pointing the finger of scorn, I offer MR. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. I to have been quite as sweetly disposed
as ourselves, should also be glad of any information touching The earliest lump of delight of which I have found “T. Barclay, Esq., yeoman of the body of bis evidence is rose sugar, 1253 (Wardrobe Account, late Majesty K. Charles the First of Blessed 1/22 Q. R.); then come violet sugar, 1284-7 (ibid., Memory.” Wm. Rumbold married Mary Barclay, 3/29) > 60 lb. of rose sugar“ in tabula," at 28. 6d. a daughter of this gentleman. Kindly reply direct. per 1b., and 20 lb. of the same in gilded wafers,
CAAS. Jas. FÈRET. 49, Edith Road, West Kensington.
similarly priced, for the baby princes Thomas and
Edmund, 1304 (ibid., 29/24). Princess Mary, in 'CHRONICLES OF ERI.'-In 1822 Roger O'Con- pilgrimage to Canterbury, 1317, comforts herself nor published a work in two volumes, entitled with 5} lb. of sugar"in tabula," and 8} lb. of “ Chronicles of Eri: being the History of the Gael rose sugar of honey (ibid., 31/10). In 1362, are Sciot Iber; or, the Irish people. Translated from laid in a quarter of a pound of candye, price 6d. ; the original MSS. in the Phoenician Dialect of the 2} lb. of penydes, at 1s. 6d. per lb. ; 28 lb. of Scythian Language.” It purports to be a trans- preserved ginger at 48. 6d.; 3 lb. of citronade at lation of MSS. of very remote date, written on 38.; 1 lb. of rose sugar at 28.; 23} lb. of “gobettes skins, and in the form of rolls. A facsimile of imperialx et realx," at ls. 6d. (ibid., 3974). In a portion of one of the rolls is given in the second the same year I find also 2 lb. of gobett regal', Folume, from which it appears that the characters at 28. 8d.; 5 lb. of past, regal, at 1s. 4d.; 1 lb. do not bear much resemblance to the known Irish of gilt wafers, 38. 4d. A pound of blattibisanc, calligraphy. It is unfortunate that no pedigree price 6d., is mysterious (ibid., 39/5). Sucr' candy of the MSS. has been attempted by O'Connor, appears in full
, 1369 (ibid., 40/1); but when its neither does he definitely say to whom they destination is stated, it is generally bought for belonged at the time he made use of them. Is the king's falcons. Seven pounds of “confect',' anything known of their past history or present at ls. 4d., purchased for Queen Philippa's anniverpossessor? It is extremely improbable that MSS. sary in 1374, perhaps is rather pastry than sweets. of such antiquity, which must also have been Sagre candi and carwy confes are supplied to of some size, could have disappeared or been Queen Anne of Bohemia in her last illness, 1394 destroyed.
(ibid., 95/11). Queen Juana of Navarre patronizes
green ginger and ." 2 pottz citronard et quynce 'GARDEN OF THE Soul.'—The most popular (ibid., 95/40). Our later monarchs are more rebook of devotion among English Catholics was, ticent concerning their lozenges, though sugar and perhaps still is, the Garden of the Soul.' I candy continues to be supplied at intervals. I have heard that is was compiled by Bishop Chal- hope that out of this choice assortment of lollipops loper. Whence is the title taken ? Iu 1531 MR. BOUCHIER will be able to suit himself. there was, according to Foxe, a book in circulation
HERMENTRUDE. in this country called 'Hortulus Animæ. It was
MR. BOUCHIER, in his query as to “how far one of the books condemned by royal proclamation, back sugar-plums date in our history,” makes but which Sir Thomas More had a licence granted the mistake of assuming that sugar-plum is by Tonstal, Bishop of London, to possess and read. the name of a genus of sweetstuff, whereas it is Although the title was in Latin, Foxe says it was that of a species. A sugar-plum is a little rounded an English book. It must have been, I think of mass, formed by a carraway-seed, or very small Protestant character, or it would not have been chip of cinnamon, thickly coated with white sugar. condemned. All, or nearly all, the books the The word is in Ash's Dictionary,' 1775, but with titles of which precede and follow it in Foxe's list the vague definition, "a kind of sweetmeat.” The certainly were 80 (Acts and Mon, ed. 1857, earliest quotation I can give is from the Annual vol. iv. p. 679). It is most improbable that Bishop Register of 1778. “The contents of the box Challoner, or whoever compiled our 'Garde of
were mercurial pills, lozenges, sugar-plumbs, &c.” the Soul,' would have taken its title from this
John Keale, "a maker of Swete Balls," lived in BLACK FOR EVENING WEAR. - What is the age the parish of St. Mary Woolnoth, London, in 1602 ; and what the origin of the use of black for men's Thomas Cadle, “Comfit Maker," in 1622; Robert evening wear in England ?
L, G. Jones appears in 1644 28 " Confectioner," in 1649
Comfit-maker.” The above are taken from Ladies,' 1608, as well as how to make of it letters, the transcript of the parish register. Smith, in his knots, arms, escutcheons, beasts, birds, and other 'Obituary' (Cam. Soc., p. 9), under date 1634, fancies.” A March-pane, two sugar-loaves and gives the burial, July 10, of“ Anthony Sturdivant, two pairs of gloves were given to Sir William Cecil Comfit-maker."' Shakespeare, in ‘i Hen. IV.,' by the University of Cambridge when Queen Act III. sc. i., makes Hotspur say to the Lady, Elizabeth visited it. The biscuits, or “ Heart, you swear like a comfit-maker's wife !" cates," of Shepstone's 'Schoolmistress' were most A few lines below he mentions «
pepper ginger- possibly the “ Naples Biskits” which were very bread,”. pepper being probably equivalent to popular in the seventeenth century and early "spice.” I think, however, that comfits were not eighteenth, and I have not much doubt that the cakes, but what the word usually signifies," a dry “pastry kings and queens” were cut out of Marchconfection, sweetmeate," and thus the confectioner, pane with the above "letters, knots,” &c. comfit maker, and sweetball maker supplied those
JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON. who, three hundred years ago, were “fond of sweet- Barnes Common, balls.”
A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, The sweetmeats of our forefathers were known
CHESNEY FAMILY (8th S. ii. 387, 478 ; iii. 58, as suckets, dry or wet. The latter were preserved 135, 214, 296, 336). ---Chesney most certainly does or candied fruits. They are often mentioned in mean an oak plantation or wood; and so far PROF. the 'Naworth Household Books' (1618), Surtees Skeat is right. MR. MAYAEW is also right in Soc., pp. xlvii, 95, and the manner of making saying that Chesney, (if =chaisnetum) cannot be them is set out by Sir Kenelm Digby, as "sucket derived from chénaie, which is fem., but then, as of mallow stalks,” “Bucket of stalks of lettuce" PROF. SKEAT points out, nobody said it was. If (“Closet, ed. 3, 1677, p. 247). They appeared Mr. Mayhew had referred to Diez's grammar until quite lately as “Buckets" “succades" in (third edition, ii. 361) he would have found that the Customs Book of Rates.
W. C. B.
in 0. Fr. the Lat, term -etum became -oy (masc.)
in the first instance, and, indeed, Cotgrave gives The sweetmeats alluded to by Mercutio, as quesnoy. Chênaie is a later formation, Diez tainting, among other things, the breaths of the might also have said -ay, and, indeed, he does give lips of ladies “ who straight on kisses dream,” were, it in two names of places-viz., Châtenay (=casundoubtedly, what were known in Shakespeare's ta[g]netum) and Aunay (=alnetum). Compare day as “ kissing-comfits.” They are mentioned again also Larchey ( Dict. des Noms '), where we find by Falstaff in the 'Merry Wives of Windsor,' as Chesnais, Chesnay, interpreted" plantation de he embraces Mrs. Ford, when he exclaims, in chênes," and also Duquesnay and Daquesney. rhapsody, “let the sky......hail kissing-comfits." With regard to the derivation of chêne from Earlier, however, than this-viz., 1583-had been quercinus (which is found in L. Latin only, quernus produced a play of ‘Dido,' "wherein in the queens and querneus being the classical adjectives), it is banket" (banquet) was represented a tempest, certainly by no means easy to defend it, though I “ wherein it hailed small confects, rained rose will not go so far as MR. MAYHEW does, and water, &c.” Beaumont and Fletcher, in 'Mon- declare it to be impossible. How can I, when sieur Thomas' (II. ii.), make a character say, quernetum* would give quernoy, and this and "Dandle ber upon my knee, and give her sugar- quesnoy (given above) differ in one letter only? sops." Another sweetmeat of MR. BOUCHIER's Let the become an 's (a not impossible change), “ whole lollipop tribe” was elecampane, as also or the r of quercinus drop instead of the ci (virtawas candied angelica, of which last Gerarde, in ally=si and s") and the trick is done, and that "The Now Metamorphosis,' says, “Angelica, which, a Latin med. rs sometimes becomes s or sch in eaten overy meale, is found to be the plague's best French is shown by Brachet in his dictionary, medicine." Both these were, however, sweetmeats 8.v. chêne, as well as in his grammar. MR. MAY. and medicines combined-children still buy the Hew objects that “ a Latin que could never have former at sweetstuff shops—and angelica is some- given a French word beginning with ch”; but, at times blanched and then candied with sugar. any rate, chacun (formerly chesqun and chasqun, Longfellow, in his 'Saga of King Olaf,' mentions Littré) is generally supposed to= quisque unus, twice the wholesome and anti-pestilential nature where qui has become che; and if qui why not of the root.
que ? Comp. also Brachet, 8. v. car. March-pane was another thing from which, in It must not be supposed, however, that because old days, sugar-plums and other confections were I have endeavoured to show that this view is not made. The March-pane itself was composed of two pounds of blanched almonds, two pounds of
* PROF. SKEAT gives quernetum as actually existing' sugar, three spoonfuls of rose-water, comfits stuck but I do not find it in either Ducange or Diefenbach into it, “ bisket” and “carrowaies" also, &c., the quernetum would be a perfectlyʻ legitimate formation
Diefenbach does, however, givo quernus =an oak, and whole recipe being given in the 'Delightes for from it.
quite so impossible as MR. MAYHEW would make century (if Brachet's date for casnus is correct), it out, I am, therefore, myself in favour of it. and we see that the t in the English form ultiNo; I am rather inclined to believe that the mately did disappear, in sound at any rate. casnus—which is allowed on all hands to be At all events, that there was some confusion the earliest Low Latin form of chêne, and which between chestnuts and acorns, and so probably Brachet tells as belongs to the sixth century, between the trees bearing them, is shown by the whilst Littré contents himself with the ninth—is a circumstance that ßádavos and glans are each of shortened form of castănus = chestnut-tree. This them used both of acorns and of chestnuts, whilst form does not, it is true, exist, but there are certain in Sophocles's 'Lexicon of Greek' from 140 to indications which point to its having existed. In 1100 A.D., s.v. káoTavelos, I find ßádavol given the first place, the ordinary form of the city of =káotava. It is well known, too, that the ancients Pontus, from which the word is derived, is káotava, were much less accurate than we moderns in disand κάστανον means chestnut in ancient Greek. tinguishing between trees, animals, &c. See Max Then, in Ducange, we find castan(ar)etum and casta- Müller, second series, 1864, p. 222. narium (as well as castanearium), which point to
As for MR. MAYHEW's supposed form cazanum, castanus rather than to castaneus. And so also it is perfect so far as form is concerned, but undoes the French family name Chastenet (Puységur fortunately, there is only too much reason for de, see Bouillet's dictionary), and probably also believing that its perfection is due to its having the A.-S. cisten, if, as seems likely from our been made up for the purpose. chestnut, the accent is on the first syllable. See In conclusion, I may remark that our chestnut also the forms given by Diefenbach, s.v. Castanea, looks as if it had been mixed up with chest, and and Kluge, 8. v. Kastanie.
there is really some reason for believing that it has Now a Latin medial st_generally, I believe, been. At all events, in A.-S. I find not only remains unaltered in both French and Provençal cistenbeam, but also cystbeam and cyst (also ciste, Still, we do find mâcher (O. Fr, masch(i)er) from cist, and cest) =chest. I know that chestnut masticare, in which the t has dropped ; whilst we wood was much used in former times (see Blackie's have brosse from a Low Lat. brustiá of Teut. 'Encyclopædia'); but I do not know that it was origin) in which the t has become associated to the specially used for making chests. F. CHANCE. s, and Godefroy gives chesson chastron, from Sydenham Hill. castrare, From castănus,* therefore, we might have casănus and casnus or cássănus. The former
DUEL (8th S. iii. 347, 378). — There are referhas given chesne=chêne; the latter seems to have Count Grammont's Memoirs.' They are so brief
ences to this duel in Spence's 'Anecdotes' and given the mod. Prov. cassan and casse, both = oak that I have excerpted them for insertion :(Mistral), the casse arising either from the dropping of the nus of cassanus (comp. frêne from fraxinus),
“ The witty Duke of Buckingham was an extreme bad or because cassanus was looked upon as an adjec- between him and Lady Shrewsbury. All the morning
man. His duel with Lord Shrewsbury was concerted tive, and so a substantive was formed from it. As she was trembling for her gallant, and wishing the death for the 0. Prov. casser, the er (=Lat. arius) is of her husband; and after his fall, 'tis said the duke only the termination that many fruit-trees have. slept with her in his bloody shirt.”—Spence, 'Anecdotes,' Comp. pomer =Fr. pommier.
Malone's edition, 1820, p. 164,
“Poor Lord Shrewsbury, too polite a man to make But whether I am right or wrong in my view, any reproaches to his wife, was resolved to have redress I will ask the reader to compare the mid. Fr. for his injured honour: be accordingly challenged the chesneteau (Godefroy and Cotgrave), which presup- Duke of Buckingham; and the Duke of Buckingham, as poses an older form chesnet, and still more chesnette a reparation for his honour, having killed him upon the (Ootgrave)-all = little oak, with our chesnut spot, remained a peaceable possessor of this famous (often so written and always so pronounced), in
Helen."- Memoirs of Count Grammont,' Bohn's edition, Mid. Eng., sometimes chesnutte ('N. E. D.'). Does
W. A. HENDERSON. it not look almost as if the older English form Dublin. chesten bad bad the nut added, making chesten nut ("N. E. D.'), partly, at any rate, under the influence
“SLOPSELLER" (8th S. iii. 289, 410).-I can of these mid - French forms ? Anyhow, the carry the word " slop" a bundred years further coincidence in form is very remarkable. I'must back than the quotation given by MR. E. H. MARallow, indeed, that I have been upable to find SHALL: “A slop, jak, and huk of velvet, adaura a single instance in which in Old French and in nigr', lined with black satin," are entered on the Provençal the t in the equivalents of chestnut has Wardrobe Roll for 1413-1417 (Earolments of Exfallen ont; but this is no reason why it should chequer, Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, Roll 12, not have done so centuries before, say in the sixth fol. 13, dorso). This is the earliest instance which
I remember to have seen. HERMENTRUDE. * I give all the following nouns in the nom, instead of the acc., because I have been speaking of casnus, and this
ARCHER FAMILY (8th S. iii. 408).-In G. W. is the form given in the etymological dictionaries. Marshall's "Genealogist's Guide' the following
works are referred to for information respecting Many were bought by English and other mer. families of the above name :-Morant's Essex, chants, and in time Scio was repeopled. Many vol. i.; Berry's 'Sussex Genealogies'; 'Monu- Greeks were married to Turks, as, being women of mental Inscriptions of the British West Indies,' the book (or Gospel), they could be lawfully by J. H. Lawrence-Archer ; 'Visitation of Oxford- married, and retained their own religion. Many shire,' 1634; Burke's Commoners'; Burke's of them reached the highest rank, and were buried * Landed Gentry'; Harleian Society publica- with full honours in the tombs of their husbands tions, vols. V., viii., xii., xiii., xiv. ; Dugdale's in the holy places of Islam. The unhappy Greek Warwickshire'; Joseph Foster's “Stemmata merchants of Scio who escaped were scattered Britannica'; Turnor's History of Grantham'; throughout the Mediterranean, and when it was Warwickshire Pedigrees from Visitation of 1682- safe, returned to their island. 1683; ' Herald and Genealogist,' vol. ii. ; Maclean's
HYDE CLARKE. History of Trigg Minor,' vol. ii.; ' A Complete Parochial History of the County of Cornwall, Let me subjoin to my remarks on these places that
ENFIELD AND EDMONTON (8th S. iii. 347, 458). — vol. iii. ; Journal of Kilkenny Archæological Society, New Series, vol. vi.; Edmondson's · Baro- there is a collection, with several illustrations of nagium Genealogicum,' vol. v. ; Banks's ' Dormant coats of arms, of the monumental inscriptions in and Extinct Baronage,' vol. iii.; and Metcalfe's All Saints' Church, Edmonton, at pp. 129-68 ; of • Visitation of Worcester.'
those in All Saints' Churchyard, at pp. 169-212;
of those in St. Andrew's Church, Enfield, at The arms of the Lincolnshire branch of this pp. 213—40; and of those in St. Andrew's family were granted in 1684, Per pale gu. and az., Churchyard, at pp. 241-50 of Cansick's 'Monuthree arrows or, barbed and feathered arg. Men mental Inscriptions of Middlesex,' vol. iii., 1875. tion of various members of the Northumberland
ED. MARSHALL. branch will be found in Hodgson's 'Northumberland,' part ii. vol. ii. pp. 190, 337, 477; part iii. that I should have put 'Old and New London
In my answer to the above query I must add vol. i. pp. 281, 297, and vol. ii. pp. 86, 354.
and 'Greater London' as Mr. E. Walford's. I RALPH SEROCOLD.
gave only the publishers' name, Messrs. Cassell, GERMAN NOTES AND QUERIES'(8th S. iii. 407). which reads as if they were also the authors of the -So far as I can ascertain, there is not in Germany works in question. B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. a single paper in which one could have a query inserted; and I wonder that such a want has not HERALDRY (8th S. iii. 247, 455). -I have made long been felt. Some newspapers and magazines, a small mistake in quoting the Treatise on however, like the Gartenlaube and the Uber Land Heraldry' of Messrs. Woodward and Burnet. und Meer, have a correspondence column, in which They say coat of Yardley," not “crest.” the editor answers queries of all kinds, but I believe
E. YARDLEY. only for subscribers. The best, and in fact the
CHESTER CALLED WESTCHESTER (8th S. iii. 346). only efficient, means of obtaining ample information on subjects of antiquarian interest is to have instances of the use of Westchester as an alter
-In the Acts of the Privy Council' are various an advertisement inserted in the Antiquitäten native name for Chester, as, for example: Zeitung, Stuttgart, stating what is gesucht. Such advertisements are exceedingly cheap (twopence libertie the two fyssher botes he lately stayed at the sute
“(Oct. 30, 1552.] A lettre to Mr. Carewe 'to set at per line), and, the paper being circulated among of the merchaunt of Westchester, staying neverthelesse literary men both in ermany and abroad, do not suche as being within them shall appere to have byn fail to bear some fruit. Apply to Herr Udo faultie in the spoyling of the sayd merchaunt of Chester.” Beckert, 2, Böblingen Strasse, Stuttgart.
-Vol. iv. p. 155.
ALFRED F. ROBBINS. 52, Sale Street, Derby.
So called to distinguish it from the eastern MASSACRE OF Scro (8th S. iii. 387, 430).— Chester, pow known as Chester-le-Street, in the There is a very good account of the massacre of county of Durham, once a more important place
R. B. the Turks of Scio by the Greeks, and the retalia- than it is now. tion of the Turks, in Finlay's history. The Greeks This question was answered before. See 7th S. of Scio do not seem to have been the authors, but, vi. 32, 116; xi. 252.
G. L. G. as Mr. Cochrane says, the Ipsariotes (and the Albanians acting with them). The difference COL. CHARTERIS (8th S. ii. 428; iii. 34, 117, 192, between the Greek massacres and those of the 417). — The notes on this person that have recently Turks was that the Greeks massacred man, woman, appeared in these columns are incomplete without and child, but the Turks made captives of the a reference to 'N. & Q.,' 3rd S. X. 315, 379, where women and children. Thus, as Mr. Cochrane says, it is said that be commanded at Preston when the a large number of Greeks was saved (48,000 ?). town was taken by the Jacobites in 1715. There