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states or citior, as a pledge of Christian joy and hope of in addition to the two works named by the British Heaven. Henry VI., Henry VIII., and Queen Mary Vice-consul at Ciaudad Bolivar, be was the author his daughter, are among the crowned heads who have of Ireland Past and Present,' Statistics of the received it."- Hettinger, · Danto's Divina Commedia,' Bowden's translation, p. 220.
British Colonies,'. Taxation of the British Empire, In the Tablet of Oct. 6, 1888, there is a learned China, Political, Commerical, &c.,' 2 vols., and interesting paper on the golden rose. I have
History of Eastern India,' 3 vols., 'Hudson's Bay also a note that the golden rose is mentioned in Territories and Vancouver's Island,' State of the Dr. Ludwig Pastor's Lives of Popes from the Tea Trade in England,' and many others. No Close of the Middle Ages,' edited by F. J. Antro. notice of his death bas appeared in the
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN, bus, vol. i. p. 220.
71, Brecknock Road. As I am writing concerning the symbolism of the
rose, I am reminded to ask where the following See 'Men of the Time,' ed. 1868. I fancy that passage occurs : Quae est ista, speciosa sicut his life was not prosperous.
E. H. M. columba quasi rosa plantata super rivos aquarum." Hastings.
ASTARTE. It should, in fairness, be mentioned that for French polish is a kind of varnish, as it is shellac
HOW TO REMOVE VARNISH (8th S. iii. 428).most of her interesting antiquarian statements, dissolved in spirits of wine ; and all varnishes are MRS. C. A. White is indebted to an article on the solutions of resin of some kind in oil, turpentine same subject by the learned and venerable founder or alcohol. Hence spirits of wine will remove any of N. & Q.,'MR. W. J. Thoms, published in the kind of varnish ; wood Daphtha will do it more first volume of the Shilling Magazine.
readily, but its smell is very offensive. Methylated E. WALFORD, M.A.
spirits of wine is spirits of wine with a little wood Ventnor.
naphtha added, to make it undrinkable, to save On Rose Sunday, it may be noted, in addition to duty.
L. L. K. the blessing of the golden rose by the Pope, vestments of a rose colour, or reddish brown, aro worn by the
H. M. LL. might try with chloroform. officiants at high mass, iostead of the purple
HAROLD MALET, Colonel. vestments ordinarily used in Lent. The deacon TAE CEPRISUS AND TAE ILISSUS (8th S. ii. 303, and sub-deacon of the mass also wear dalmatice, 396). — It can scarcely be doubted that in tho flowers are allowed, and the organ may be played passage of 'The Excursion' Wordsworth meant at mass and office, all of which are prohibited on the Athenian Cephisus. But MR. BOUCHIER may other Lenten Sundays. The same relaxations are take comfort. It has but a short course. A walk permitted on the third Sunday in Advent, some of eight miles or so would take the votary and his times called Rose Sunday in Advent.
father to the head waters; and there they might
GEORGE ANGUS. find a "crystal lymph," not yet vaseuse, St. Andrews, N.B.
"refresh the lip.” The Pbocian Cephisus is largely ROBERT MONTGOMERY MARTIN (86h S. iii
. 408) most glorious springs of bursting pellucid water,
fed by, if it may not be said to find its source in, two -There is an account of this author and his called now-a-days anô- and kato- A goriani, which voluminous writings to be found in Allibone's 'Dic
como forth from the west side of Parnassus. How tionary,' but neither the date of bis birtb or death Wordsworth would have rejoiced in them! “Fies is inserted. His first production is dated 1832, nobilium tu quoque fontium,” he might have said, He wrote chiefly upon the colonies and colonial if he had seen them. However, the outlets of life, and very high praise is awarded to his writings Parnassian water have been changed, I believe, in in several leading periodicals wbich are mentioned the course of time by the action of earthquakes.
In the Cradle of the Twin Giants Science and If Apollo were now to visit Delphi, so far from History' (vol. ii. p. 117), by the Rev. Henry laving his loosened locks in the puro dew of CastaChristmas, M.A., a remarkable story is quoted of lia, he would scarce find enough to wet his tooth: the discovery of a murder in New South Wales brush. He would surely be off to the Agoriani by a spectral appearance. This is said to be taken
C. B. MOUNT. from the 'History of Australia,' p. 130, by Mr. Montgomery Martin, and Mr. Christmas calls it
VAUGHAN AND DODWELL (8th S. i. 209, 453).“one of the latest and one of the best of stories
Doubtless R. D. has seen the extracts from the concerning crimes discovered by apparitions. JOAN PICKFORD, M.A.
parish registers of Shottesbrooke, io Berkshire,
printed in the Genealogist, vol. vii., giving at Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
least four generations of the Dodwell family. Can I am sarprised that it is not intended to include R. D. say where Henry Dodwell was born in 1641 ? Martin's name in the 'Dict. of Nat. Biography' There appear to bave been families of Dodwell in (see Athen., April, 1891, p. 536), considering that, the county Roscommod, at Sevenhampton, Dowdes
well, &c., in Gloucestershire ; at Souldern, in Ox-name, so corrupted it into Fairmedoe and Fairfordshire; at Waddesden, Loog Crenden, &c., in meadow. He says:Buckinghamshire ; at Bedford; in Surrey, and in “I find that on the 20th April, 1683, letters of Ad. other parts. Can R. D. give me pedigrees of ministration were granted in the Prerogative Court of any of the families of Dodwell of these or of any Canterbury of the estate of Sir Cornelius Fairmedoe, other places ?
Knight, of St. Martin in the Fields, Middlesex, to his REGINALD STEWART BODDINGTON.
relict Dame Dyonisia, Among my extracts from the 15, Markham Square, Chelsea.
registers of St. Martin in the Fields I bave this burial:
1638, April 6, Cornelius Farmado, eques auratus.' Rev. HENRY ADAMS, M.A. (1764-1839) (80 He goes on to tell me that in his own transcript S. iii. 387, 417).-He matriculated from Wadham of Dugdale's manuscript of knights, now in the College, Oxford, Nov. 28, 1785, æt. twenty-one, Bodleian Library, it is stated that “Cornelius as the son of Henry Adams, of Buckler's Hard, Faremedow, of Fulham, Middlesex," was knighted Hants, gent., and graduated B.A. June 12, 1789, at Windsor, Sept. 25, 1628. proceeding M. A. on Dec. 17, 1794 (Foster's Sir Cornelius Vermeuyden is mentioned in
Alumni Oxonienses,' 1715 – 1886, i. 6). His Stonehouse's 'History of the Isle of Axbolme,' in death is thus recorded in Gent. Mag., July, 1839, Rous's 'Diary'(Camd. Soc.), 128, and in ' Report New Series, vol. xii. p. 95:
of Hist. MSS. Com.,' iii. 228. I have also & note “ April 27. At Beaulieu, Hants, aged 74, the Rev. that Sir Cornelius and a Bartholomew Vermayden Henry Adams, for forty-nine years Chaplain of that had something to do with mines at Wirksworth. place, and Chaplain to Lord Viscount Montagu, and for See Addit. MSS., 6677, pp. 191, 395 ; 6678, forty-one years Vicar of Hatch Beauchamp.”
p. 261 ; 6681, p. 264 ; 6682, p. 355. Mr. Adams does not appear to have joined the Cornelius Vermuyden the younger left the army rapks of authors.
DANIEL HIPWELL. of the Parliament a few days before the Battle of 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
Naseby. Joshua Sprigg says, under June 8,
1645:A FLY ON THE CORPORAL” (8th S. ii. 147 ; iii. 298, 416).-Has not the meaning of the word
“ This day, Colonel Vermuden, who the day before corporal” been misunderstood by your corre
was with his party of Horse returned, and come near to spondents ? Is not the allusion to the“ corporale," desiring (in regard
the quarters of the army, himself came to the general,
some special occasions which he which Bailey thus explains ?
said he had to draw him beyond seas) that he might "A Communion Cloth used in the Church of Rome, havo leave to lay down his commission, wbich was being a square Piece of Linen on which the Chalice
and yielded unto, and accordingly he received his discharge." Host are placed by the Priest who officiates at Mass." - Anglia Rediviva,' ed. 1854, p. 32. The presence of a fly thereon would be regarded
EDWARD PEACOCK. as desecration. F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.
Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey. HENCHMAN (76 S. ii. 246, 298, 336, 469 ; iii.
SERENE HIGHNESS (8th S. iii. 409).—Does not 31, 150, 211, 310, 482 ; 80 S. iii. 194, 389). "Royal Highness" strictly (and etymologically) The word is older than 1415. It occurs in 1400, mean that the person beariog the title is the Hepxtmen Dominæ ”
(Wardrobe Account, 2 son, or other descendant, of a king; whereas Hen. IV., 95/30, Q.R.); 1378–9,“ Hans Wynsele,
“Serene Highness" is the title of an archduke, a banxsman Regis." (ibid., 43/2, Q.R.). Henchmen grand duke, or some sovereign whose position is are mentioned in connexion with two qneons, just short of regal? Cromwell certainly was not Katherine of France (ibid., Enrolments of Ex a king's son by birth, and be failed to be a king's chequer, Roll 12, fol. 11, L.T.R.) and Marguerite father by usurpation, as this happy day (May 29) of Anjou (ibid., fol. 39, dorso).
reminds ve. EDWARD E. MARSHALL, M.A. HERMENTRUDE.
Hastings. MISSING PORTRAITS (86b S. ii. 366).—The por
“Serene Higbness" will not be found in an trait of the Rov. Andrew Kinsmann, of Plymouth, English table of the order of precedence. It is Teferred to by MR. WILLIAMSON, hangs in the a form of address restricted to the sovereign dining-room of Mr. John Guise Kinsman, 3, St. princes of Germany and their families. George's Terrace, Plymoutb, who will, no doubt,
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. furnish your correspondent with any other in
71, Brecknock Road. formation regarding the portrait in his power. Evan (8th S. ii. 529 ; iii. 118, 336).-In answer
T. E. GALT-GAMBLE. Augboacloy, co. Tyrone.
to your respected contributor, I submit the nearest
approach to a transliteration of the Wolsh words SIR CORNELIUS VERMOYDEN (8th S. iii. 429). “Teuan" and "Ieuangc" would be "Yea-an" and -My late friend Col. Chester, writing to me on “Yea-angk" and of the colloquial “Ifangc" would June 8, 1877, pointed out that English people could be “ E-vangk," with the accent on the first syllable make little or nothing of the eminent Zealander's of each of the three words. I might mention that
the accent of Welsh words is on the penultimate, 250 ; 660 S. i. 436 ; ii. 329, 358, 416, 433; iü. with very rare exceptions.
35 ; iv. 56; 74 S. iv. 127 ; vii. 26.' There is no etymological or orthographical
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. affinity in the words "Ifan” and “Jfangc.' It is 71, Brecknock Road. not correct to say “ that they differ from one another by the addition of one letter oply.' is spelled with an n, but “ Ifange" with ng, a di
Miscellaneous. graph expressing the simple sound eng. "What
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. radical heresy could not be establisbed by spelling St. Paul's Cathedral Library. By W. Sparrow Simpson, words to suit the theory ?
D.D. (Stock.) The correct native spelling” of “Evan ” is DR. SIMPSON does not profess to enumerate in this cata“Ifan," i and f being the equivalents of the logue all the reparate volumes and pampblets, 21,000 English e and v. The very old Welsh authors used He gives us, however, that proverbial balf which is
the Cathedral Library. o, but in modern Welsh it has been discarded and better than the whole in a judicious selection of the f substituted, I think with disadvantage, for it books which seem to have a distinctive claim to belong necessitates the adoption of a cumbrous digraph ff to such a collection. The items here catalogued fall for f.
under three classes : (1) Biblical and Liturgical books; It is misleading to say that “ sopan" is pro- ing; (3) books relating to the City of London generally,
(2) books illustrating the history or fabric of the buildnounced “ Ifap." In the Welsh every letter in a Miscellaneous works wbich may be found in general word bas its own proper value, and assorts itself in libraries are of eet purpose omitted. This unique collecthe pronunciation distinctly and without variation. tion, over which Dr. Simpson presides, has been got There are no silent letters and no changes. Once together alınost entirely during his own tenure of the you have mastered the alphabet, you read straight when he was appointed to the office, in 1862, there was on without lot or hindrance. " Ieuan ” could pot bardly a book in the library, with the exception of Dugbe pronounced “ Ifap."
dale's well-known work, which bore directly on the There can be no doubt that the Welsh word for Cathedral ; now it is the most important and completo
One Jobo, “ Ioad," pronounced "Yo-an” is the Greek collection in existence on this special subject. Iwavis, abbreviated to suit the Welsh idiom and Funerall Monuments, 1631, which gives much curious introduced with the Gospel into the language, as information about Old St. Paul's, a not very scarce book, were many other Greek words, for instance, “Efen- but we have failed to notice it in these pages or the gyl”=gospel, “ang-el" =angel, &c. I can give index. Dr. Simpson refers with some satisfaction to the do authority at present, but it is taken and series of Paul's Cross sermons which he has brought accepted by Welshmen generally that, the names and views which he has amassed by diligent research. “Afan," " Ifan,"
” “Owain,” “ Ieuan," are mere Bis zeal bas led him even to seek out books in general variants of " Ioan.” So also the Russian “ Ivan” literature which give incidental notices of St. Paul's. and the Spanish “ Jaan,” pronounced "Yu-an," I Among, there allusion-books he has overlooked George understand.
Wither's · Britain's Remembrancer,' 1628 (pp. 108 seq.), I could not pretend to trace the history and an author, by the way, whose name he misspells on
The bibliograpby seems very carefully and causes of all these variants, but it is obvious that accurately done, and we congratulate the learned the case of “Jeuan” and “ Ivan,” of “ Ieuangc” librarian on this colophon put to his labours. and " Ivango” must be referred to the medieval MS. writers who used the u and the vinterchange - The Monumental Brasses of Lancashire and Cheshire.
With some Account of the Persons Represented. By ably, and the readers would pronounce these letters James L. Thornely. (Hull, Andrews & Co.; London, indifferently according to their fancy. If you dis- Simpkin & Co.) place the u in " Ieuan” by the v of “ Ivan " you The engravings given in this useful volume have been have " Ievan,” and if you transpose the u of made from the author's drawings, which are reduced "Ienan" to the place of v in " Ivan," " Juan" re- copies of rubbings made from the originale. They seem appears; so also by the transposition of these of the work varios in merit of some of the persons letters in “ Tenangc" and “ Ifangc," ode word will commemorated we should have liked to have known take the place of the other. JNO. HUGHES. more than Mr. Thornely has told us; but on the whole 17, Upper Warwick Street, Liverpool.
his biographical sketches are decidedly satisfactory.
The west of England was, it is probable, never so rich There is no sound of Y in the Spanish “Juan.” in monuments of ihis kind as the southern and eastern The J is pronounced as a barsh aspirate, and sbires ; and, like the rest of the land, the churches
there between the u and the a these should be heard bave suffered much from the violence of fanatico, the
carelessness of church wardens, and the stupidity of something very like the German ch.
church restorers. Mr. Thornely bas a sad tale to tell W. F. WALLER.
of “brasses torn from their bede in tbe floor of the choir
and carted away to make room for those tiles to dear to COBBLERS CALLED
SNOBS" (8th S. iii. 428). – the heart of the restoring church warden.” Mr. Thornely This question bas been repeatedly asked in has arranged his engravings and illustrative matter in 'N. &'Q.,' and replies obtained. See 1• S. i. 185, chronological order. The series does not begin at an
early date. The oldest in the district the writer has at Kidderminster and another at Sheffield. As we can undertaken to illustrate is that of John Huntington, trace them for more than half a century, it is almost Warden of Manchester, which yet exists in the cathedral, certain that they were not the same. We also meet He is vested in his canon's robes, and this brass is, on with a printer of this name in 1670, whose place of that account, of especial interest, as it shows bow secular business was the Three Crowns at Holborn Conduit. canons were rested when in choir at a period (1458) Mr. Hester gives several interesting bibliographical nearly a hundred years before the Reformation.
notices of these Puritan booksellers, who certainly knew The latest brass Mr. Thornely bas figured is that of Richard Baxter and who may well have come in contact Ralph Assheton, of Middleton, dated 1650. He was an with Milton. What we are about to say has little relaofficer in the service of the Parliament during the Civil tion to the subject, but Mr. Hester's interesting pages War, and is represented in bis armour of plate and jack. bave suggested to us how usefully some local antiquary boots as he rode forth to battle. His commander's would be employed who gave us a Sheffield bibliography. baton is in his hand and his sword supported by a very Most of the early Sheffield books are, we have been Jong belt. We should conjecture from the pose of the told, in the Hailstone collection in the library of York figure that it is an exact copy of a full-length portrait Minster, painted during life.
We have received the first volume of the Calendar of A History of Crustacea. By the Rev. Thomas R. R. Letters and State Papers relating to English Affairs Stebbing, M.A. (Kegan Paul & Co.)
preserved in the great Spanish record repository at The volume before us forms the seventy-fourth of the Simancas, issued by Her Majesty's Stationery Office “ International Scientific Series," with some of which it under the direction of the Master of the Rolls. Mr. may safely be assumed that all readers interested in any Martin A. 8. Hume is the editor. Few volumes of this part of natural science are well acquainted. The present great series show, more careful workmanship. The (if we may be pardoned for a small pleasantry) is on abstracts leave little or nothing to be desired; they are rather & crabbed subject, but it is treated in a way sufficiently full to satisfy the demands of all but the most which speaks well for the choice of the band to which it exigent antiquaries. The period covered is a most has been entrusted. Probably none but adepts have important ono (1568-1567). "Religious hatred had then much idea of how extensive the whole subject is, so that arieen to boiling point. There was not a Christian land only a portion could be adequately
discussed in a volume in which torture and death were not dealt out with lavish of the size of those in this series. Dr. Henry Woodward, prodigality to those who beld forms of faith not accepted of the British Museum, had intended to publish therein by the ruling powers. As has been remarked before, a history of recent and foseil crustacea, but has been every one with serious convictions on matters of faith compelled to postpone it from the continual pressure of at once looked around to find some one whom he might other engagements. The results
of his unrivalled know- burn for contradicting them. Few persons, we imagine, ledge of the extinct forms will probably at some future will read the volumo through from cover to cover ; but time be given to the public, and the materials which he there is no one who takes serious interest in Elizabethan had collected relating to the characters of the living history who will not find therein much that will interest organisms are in reserve for a future volume. Mean time,
him. the portion of the subject dealt with in the present was by his express desire entrusted to Mr. Stebbing. It We learn that Mr. de V. Payen-Payne is about to pubrelates to the sub-class Malacostraca (a Greek word lish through Messrs. Nutt a work on French Idioms and meaning soft-shelled animals), which includes those Proverbs,' as a companion to Prof. Deshumbert's • Diccrustaceans which are bigbest in development and of tionary of Difficulties.' most direct value to mankind. Tbeir structure and habits are described in a way which cannot fail to inspire an interest in their study; and the value of the
Notices to Correspondents. volume is greatly increased by the excellence of the illustrations.
We must call special attention to the following notices: Epocks of American History:-Division and Reunion, On all communications must be written the name and 1829-1889. By Woodrow Wilson, Ph.D., LL.D. (Long address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but mans, Green & Co.)
as a guarantee of good faith. This useful series of text-books, edited by Professor We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. Hart of Harvard College, contains in brief compass an epitome of American history from 1492. The third and must observe the following
rule. Let each note, quory,
To secure insertion of communications correspondents concluding volume, written by Dr. Woodrow Wilson, Professor of Jurisprudence in Princeton University, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the bringe down the narrative to the end of President Cleve: signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to land's first administration in 1889. It is well printed appear; Correspondents who repeat queries
are requested and carefully indexed. To the student who desires to to head the second communication “Duplicate. extend his inquiries on any particular topic the biblio- Contributors will oblige by addressing proofs to Mr. graphies which are attached to the several divisions of Slate, Athenæum Press, Bream's Buildings, Chancery the book will be exceedingly useful. Though apparently Lane, E.C. intended for the use of American schools, the average
H, T.-Unguited to our columns. Englishman, who has but a vague idea of American bigtory, will learn much by perusing it.
Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The Nevill Simmons, Bookseller and Publisher. With Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements and
Notices of Literature connected with Old Sheffield. Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office,
We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. MR. HESTER seems to demonstrate that there were two munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and Nevill Simmonses who were publishers. There was one to this rule we can make no exception.
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