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with the Lord Chancellor's daughter, the property passed defence of the Catholic doctrine of confession is into the possession of Thomas Howard, Earl of Norfolk, quoted in 'Redgauntlet' (Centenary Edition, whose unhappy lot it was twenty-two years afterwards to lay down his life on the block. After his execution,

letter viii. p. 91)? his son, the Earl of Suffolk, disposed of the priory pre- "If you ever saw me tremble, be assured that my cinct and his mother's mansion therein to the city. In flesh, like that of the old Spanish general, only quaked at the year 1622, the inhabitants of Duke's Place, that had the dangers into which my spirit was about to lead it.”. been built on part of the site of the old priory, having come “Redgauntlet,'Centenary Edition, letter iii. p. 29. to an open quarrel with the parishioners of 'St. Catherine Cree, obtained leave of Charles I. to rebuild the priory remark occurs in 'The Fair Maid of Perth'(Cen.

Who was this old Spanish general ? The same church, with the assistance of Lord Mayor Barkham. The church was accordingly rebuilt, and remains to this tonary Edition, chap. viii. p. 95). day."

“Hang thee, Alan, thou art as unfit a confidant for a H. T. youthful gallant with some spice of imagination as the

old taciturn secretary of Facardin of Trebizond."-Ibid.,

letter iii. p. 32. Queries.

From other sources I have some reason to infor We must request correspondents desiring information that Prince Facardin of Trebizond was the name on family matters of only private interest to affix their or hero of a play or opera which was well known names and addresses to their queries, in order that the in Berlin in the beginning of this century. Preanswers may be addressed to them direct.

cise particulars would be welcomed. WAVERLEY NOVELS.—What is to be under- made it himsell

, I reckon-he has cheated mony ane, but

“ It 's no a Scotch tune, but it passes for ane-Oswald stood by the allusions in the following passages ?- he canna cheat Wandering Willie." - Ibid., letter w.

“Do you know who taught the young person to p. 105. dance ? Some of her steps mightily resemble Le Jeune's of Paris.".- Poveril of the Peak,' Centenary Edition, in 1783, is stated to have learned his instrument

Joseph Lincke, a celebrated 'cello player, born chap. xxxi. p. 378.

from Oswald. Presumably this is the person Who was Le Jeune ?

Wandering Willie alludes to ; but who was he? “Had contrived a species of armour, of which neither

J. T. B. the horse-armoury in the Tower, nor Gwynnap's Gothic Hall, no, nor Dr. Meybrick's invaluable collection of OLD BELL. — There was sold, on the 9th inst., ancient arms, has preserved any specimen.” – Ibid., in Dowell's Rooms, Edinburgb, a bell, dated “ 1789. chap. xxxii. p. 396.

Lepine, Fondeur, a Quimper," with Latin cross What is meant by Gwynoap's Gothic Hall ? embossed. This bell was in a church at Quimper,

"Winterblossom is one of us—was one of us at least, in Normandy. It was desecrated in the French and won't stand the ironing. He has his Wogdens still, Revolution, was in the Pique frigate, which was that were right things in bis day, and can hit the bay. taken in the war, and was presented by the captain stack with the best of us.”—“St. Ronan's Well,' Centenary to Wm. Macdonald, of St. Martin's, in 1804. It Edition, chap. iv. p. 49, What were Wogdens ?-pistols ?

was used in the belfry of St. Martin's Abbey, in

Strathmore, Perthshire, for fifty years. "By the by, Lady Penelope, you have not your collec

J. F. S. GORDON. tion in the same order and discipline as Pidcock and Polito."Ibid., chap. vii. p. 85.

Glasgow. Who were Pidcock and Pulito ?-keepers of a Hill. -My grandfather's uncle, one Joseph wild-beast show ?

Hill, was apprenticed between 1740 and 1750 28 " For fair play's sake I made him tako one of my pistols a violin maker to Peter Wamsley, who carried on -right Kuchenritters,"-Ibid., chap. xix, p. 210.

business during the first half of the last century in Is anything known of Kuchenritter !--pre- Piccadilly and in Little Russell Street, near somably a gunsmith.

Covent Garden. I want, if possible, to obtain “With a volley of such oaths as would have blown a particulars of the apprenticeship deed ; and as I whole fleet of the Bethel Union out of the water."

have always understood that in those days such Ibid., chap. xxi. p. 233.

documents were publicly entered and preserved, What was the Bethel Union ?

where should I be likely to find any trace or " With your usual graceful attitude of adjusting your knowledge of this matter? perpendicular shirt-collar, and passing your band over

ARTHUR F. HILL. the knot of your cravat, which deserves a peculiar place in 38, New Bond Street, W. the Tielania.”Ibid., chap. xxvi. p. 287. What is the Tietania ?

LYON FAMILY.-Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' "Why, your memory must have been like Pat Mur. put me in the way of substantiating the early tough's greyhound, that let th 3 hare go before he caught accounts of the Scotch family of Lyon before the it."-Ibid., chap. xxx. p. 329.

Sir John who married the Princess Jane, and got Is Pat Murtough a fictitious person ; or bas be with her the lands of Glamis ! Were they conany connexion with Murtough O'Hara, whose nected with the Northamptonshire Lyons ?—who

certainly bore the same arms (without, of course, size. But they were of a dirty yellow brown the Scotch tressures) and whose very early members colour, and spotted for their whole length with had apparently no s at the end of their name, as brown spots of a darker shade. To my question, at present ; moreover, the early Christian names What do

you call those fish ?” I got the reply: of the English family were curiously similar to "Usses, sir” (or “Osses"). But neither my inthose given in the early accounts of the Scotch formant nor the fish-auctioneer nor his clerk, who family. I found an interesting seal in the London seemed to be men of better position and intelRecord Office of John Lyon, son of the above, ligence, could give me any explanation as to the which shows a bendlet dexter engrailed. Had this meaning or origin of the name, or even as to the any significance ?-as his son, Patrick Lyon, first correct spelling of it. Can any reader of 'N. & Q: Lord Glamis, bore no such bendlet.

throw any light on the subject ? W. Lyon.

EDWARD P. WOLFERSTAN. 7, Redcliffe Square, S.W.

Arts Club, Hanover Square, A MS. ITALIAN TRANSLATION OF VARILLAS. THE BLACK FLAG. - How long has it been the -The historical works of Antoine Varillas are custom to hoist the black flag to signify that a relished for their piquancy, in spite of their dubious murderer has paid the last penalty ? veracity. Still, Bayle quotes largely from them.

C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON. That these writings were esteemed by his contem

Eden Bridge. poraries is shown by an Italian MS. translation of [Was it not on the adoption of private executions, the the History of Francis I.' which I have recently firot of which took place on Aug. 13, 1868 ?] acquired. The preface is probably a version of that of the first edition, published at La Haye in Has Holman Hunt's picture “The Scape Goat?

THE SCAPE GOAT,' BY HOLMAN HUNT. 1684. The MS. is certainly, in contemporary ever been reproduced in any of our illustrated had replaced the cramped calligrapby of an earlier magazines; or is the large engraving the only copy

to be obtained ?

B. V. date. The translation fills two thick quarto volumes. Perhaps some reader of 'N. & Q.' GUTTA-PERCHA.- Are the properties of guttamight be able to state, or to conjecture, who the percha such as will last ? I am told that in process translator was. I can find no mention of him in of time it crumbles away. Some Government seals Fontanini, Zeno, or Haym.

are now stamped on gutta-percha, and it would be EDWARD PERCY JACOBSEN.

interesting to know if this material is as durable as 18, Gordon Street, W.C.

the old wax formerly used.

A. Sussex HOUSE, FULHAM.—This house is said "THE ARMS OF LIONEL."-Can any one kindly to have been called after Augustus Frederick, tell me what is meant by this expression, which I Duke of Sussex, sixth son of George III. Did the find in several Wardrobe Rolls of the fourteenth prince ever really live there? If so, between what century? It does not refer to the son of Edward years; and where can I ascertain any particulars III., for it occurs chiefly before his birth, and As to his life there! I should be glad, also, of when his shield is alluded to at a later period, it is any information touching Mrs. Billington's con identified by the addition of the words, "the nexion with the house. The late Ďr. Forbes King's son. Once it is “the arms of England Benignus Wilson for many years kept the house and Lyonel”; again, in 1333-4, a ball of Lumbard as an asylum for the insane. I should like to bordered with escocheons of the arms of Lyonel”; know when he went to reside there. Ho had, I in 1329, a gold cup with four escocheops de believe, two asylums in West London. Can any arm' Leonelli in fundo.” The meaning of the term reader tell me the name of the second? Was it was evidently well understood at the time. Brandenburgh House, facing the Fulbam Palace

HERMENTRUDE. Road? Kindly reply direct. Coas. Jas. FÈRET.

" CLICKING-TIME.”—I have been unable find, 49, Edith Road, West Kensington.

in any Yorkshire glossary, the compound word

clicking-time, meaning twilight. It was first brought UssES OR Osses.-Spending a few days lately under my notice, some weeks ago, in ordinary at Folkestone, I found myself constantly attracted conversation, and, recognizing it as a rara avis, I to the little fish-market at the eastern end of the made a note of it. Inquiries were then instituted town. The catch of fish, of many kinds, was most at three different places in Holderness (Swine, abundant, more especially of dog-fish, of which Burstwick, and Hollym), and natives of each place there were two species. One kind was of a uni- recognized the word as an old and familiar friend. form bluish grey; these were called dogs.”

" One person said it was called “clicking-time The other was of almost precisely similar conforma- because, when she was a girl, the boys and girls tion, though running, perhaps, a trifle larger in used "ti click hod o' yan anuther” (catch hold of

one another). A second suggested that it was so named because then a brief rest was clicked ”

Beplies. (snatched), that it was sort of blind man's holiday.

RESIDENCE OF MRS. SIDDONS IN A third thought that the word was derived from

PADDINGTON, the clicking of the gossips' knitting needles, or the clacking of their tongues, as they exchanged con

(8th S. iii. 287, 396). fidences and discussed their neighbours' affairs Since making my inquiry on this subject I have over the garden hedge in the gloaming.

carefully examined the Crace collection of maps J. NICHOLSON.

and views in the British Museum, as well as every 50, Berkeley Street, Hull.

other available authority, with the view of satis

factorily determining the point at issue. Con. 40TH REGIMENT.-Can any of your readers in-sidering that the building bas only disappeared form me whether there are portraits extant of the within little more than thirty years, it would not undermentioned officers of this regiment ?-General be supposed that the task would present much the Hon. Edward Cornwallis, uncle of the first difficulty ; but the great extension of building in Marquis Cornwallis, or of General Sir Brent Bayswater and Westbourne within recent yoars, Spencer, G.C.B., of Egyptian and Peninsular fame? and the devastation committed by the Great Also, can any one furnish me with particulars or Western Railway, render the identification of sites anecdotes connected with this regiment, from family in those districts no easy matter. Another elepapers, letters, &c. ?

X. L.

ment of doubt consists in the frequent changes that MARINE ANIMALS IN NORTHERN LATITUDES.

have occurred in street nomenclature, of which I In Adamnan's 'Life of St. Columba,' bk. ii, cb. xlii.,

shall give an instance further on. is an account of a voyage of one Cormac and his

The first question to determine seemed to be the companions, when for fourteen days in summer site of Westbourne Manor House, in the vicinity they had sailed northward, so far, as it seemed, of which the modern house known as Westbourne that they had got beyond the limits of human Place, of which Westbourne Farm was an appendwanderings. On the fourteenth day they were age, was subsequently built. According to Lysong, * greatly terrified by swarms of some unknown Westbourne Place was built by Isaac Ware, the

architect, a little to the south of the old house, creatures :

which was suffered to stand some years longer. “ Occurrerant tetræ infeste nimis bestiolæ, quæ After several changes of ownership, it became the horribili impetu carinam et latera, puppimque et proram ita forti feriebant percussura, ut pelliceun tectum navis property, in 1800, of Mr. Samuel Pepys Cockerell, penetrales putarentur penetrare posse.

Quæ, ut qui who resided in it till his death in 1827. In the inerant ibidem postea narrarunt, prope magnitudinem memoir of Cockerell contained in the • Dict. Nat. ranarum, aculeis permolestæ, non tamen volatiles sed Biog. the house is called Westbourne Lodge, Datatiles, erant; sed et remorum infestabant palmulas,” but the fact that Westbourne Place was Cockerell's

The story seems to be founded on known facts. residence is confirmed by J. T. Smith, in his What could the bestiolo have been ? Are there Nollekens and his Times,' vol. ii. p. 209. Lysons swarms of cuttle-fish in northern seas ; and would

goes on to say that “near Westbourne Place is an they cling on to the oars, &c. ? J. T. F.

elegant cottage, the property of Mr. Cockerell, and Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

for some years past the residence of Mrs. Siddons, TENERIFFE OR TENERIFE.—I shall be glad to who bas expended a considerable sum upon its imknow which is correct. JOAN LANGLEY. provement and decoration.” Campbell says that

Mrs. Siddons came into occupation of the house in SIB STEPHEN EVANCE.—Can any of your con- April, 1805, and she had therefore resided in it tributors say who were the parents of Sir Stephen for six years when Lysons wrote in 1811. Evance, of St. Edmund's the King and Martyr, Gutch's map of 1828, Bartlett and Butler's map Lombard Street; or where I can see a better pedi- of 1834, and Lucas's map of 1847, do not show gree than the incomplete one in the Visitation of Westbourne Place, but they agree in marking the London? A. EVANCE, F.R.G.S. site of Westbourné Manor House as lying to the

north and slightly to the east of the second canal THE BRITISH KNIGHT ERRANT.' – In Messrs, bridge on the Harrow Road. To the south of the Boase and Courtney’s ‘Bibliotheca Cornuhiensis' large house is a smaller

building, wbich I assume (vol. iii. p. 935) is entered “The British Knight to be Mrs. Siddons's residence, subsequently known Errant. A talo in two volumes

. Lond., priated as Desborough Lodge or Desborough Cottage. for W. Lane, Leadenball Street, 1790. 12mo.,

On Gutch's map the term “ Desboroughs" is pp. 163 and 154"; and appended is the note, applied to two parcels of land lying north and The scene is laid at Launceston Castlo.". I have south of the canal, and situated immediately to been unable to trace a copy of this in the British Museum Library. Is there known to be one in * 'Environs of London,' second edition, 1811, vol. ii. existence ?

DUNHEVED. pt, ii, pp. 599, 600.

the eastward of the Manor House boundaries. which I have shown was built over before 1847. The grounds of the Manor House were apparently The conclusion I buve arrived at is that Westcomprised within the triangle of which the apex is bourne Farui, subsequently known as Desborough the church of St. Mary Magdalene and the base Lodge or Desborough Cottage, was situated at, or the Harrow Road, Clarendon Street and Ciren close to, the present Desborough Street, and that it cester Street forming respectively the western and could not have been destroyed to make room for the eastern sides. The “Desboroughs" lay still fur- Great Western Railway, as Cunningham asserts. I ther to the eastward, and Desborough Lodge st, must, however, in fairness state that this conclusion I think, have occupied the site of a small street, is to some extent based on two assumptions. The or rather a cul-de-sac, which practically forms an first is that Westbourne Place, the residence of enclave of Cirencester Street, near the Harrow Mr. Cockerell, was identical with the Westbourne Road, and is still known as Desborough Street. Manor House of the maps. The second is that

The view that Mrs. Siddons's residence lay on Westbourne Farm, the residence of Mrs. Siddons, the northern or right-hand side of the Harrow was identical with Desborough Cottage, the reRoad as you proceed to Harrow is confirmed by sidence of Charles Mathews and Madame Vestris. the facsimile of a letter from Charles Mathews, in Neither of these assumptions is proved, but I think my possession, dated “Westbourne Green, Aug. 21, the evidence is all in favour of their correctness. 1845," at the bottom of which is a rough sketcb, It is just possible that Westbourne Place was on indicating to a friend with whom an appointment the site of a large enclosed piece of land, with a had been made the whereabouts of the house, house, marked as Westbourne Park upon the maps. which is called by Mathews “Desborough Cottage." This house was situated at the southern portion of To the left of the picture is a distant view of the Westbourne Green, to the westward of the present church of Harrow-on-the-Hill, while to the right Porchester Road, on land now occupied by Westof the spectator the gables of the cottage appear bourne Park Road and the adjacent thoroughfares. above a belt of shrubs and trees which surmount If this view is correct, Mrs. Siddons's cottage may the garden palings. The mile-and-a-half stone possibly bave been swept away by the Great from Tyburn Turnpike (no longer existing) is de- Western Railway ; but as all the authorities state picted in the right foreground. It is clear from that it was in close vicinity to the land now the sketch that the cottage was on the northern occupied by the Look Hospital, I do not think it side of the main road.

could have been so far distant as Westbourne Park, MR. GRIFFINHOOFE's suggestion that Desborough and I have come across no evidence that corroboLodge may have been somewhere on the site of rates any view except that which I have accepted. Desborough Place is not, I think, confirmed by the

W. F. PRIDEAUX, maps. On the earlier ones the site of Desborough

Desboroughs is marked on the plan of PaddingPlace and the adjacent streets is occupied by a ton parish, 1838 (not 1828 as printed). I rememportion of Westbourne Green, but in Lucas's plan ber the house where Madame Vestris lived being of 1847 the land is built over, and must bave pre-pointed out to me about the end of the forties. It sented much the same appearance as it does at lay a little off the Harrow Road (which here runs present. Hampden Street, Waverley Road, and northwards), on the east side, on the south of the Brindley Street are clearly marked, but the whole canal. Access to the house was by a carriage of the present Marlborough Street is shown as drive. The Lock Hospital is built on the north of Desborough Terrace. Subsequently the portion of the canal, and on the west side of the Harrow this street which faces the railway was called Des- Road. Westbourne Manor House was on the borough Place, and the remainder Marlborough opposite side of the Harrow Road to the hospital, Place. The whole has now been renamed Marl- and also beyond the canal. borough Street, and Desborough Place has dis

Copies of Mr. Gutch's plan, and also a large appeared. Marlborough Street means nothing, plan of the district engraved for the now defunct whereas the original name of Desborough Terrace Commissioners of Sewers for Westminster, &c., partook of the nature of a landmark in indicating in 1840, can be seen at the library of the Royal the site of old Desborough House, which I Institute of British Architects, No. 9, Conduit judge from the maps must have been in existence Street, W. as late as 1834. Mr. Walford, in his ‘Old and Now Which was the house or the houses named WestLondon,' states that some vestiges of the old house bourne Place ?–a property which belonged about are apparent in Desborough Place (now Marl- 1749 to Isaac Ware, architect, who erected his borough Street), but I have failed to find any. house with old materials brought from Lord

As Robins, in his ' Paddington, Past and Pre- Chesterfield's house in May Fair (Lysons, 'EDsent,' says that Desborough Lodge was in existence virons,' 1795, iii. 330). It was bought by another as late as 1853, it could not have been situated on architect, Samuel Pepys Cockerell, who was the site of the block of houses “ on the north side residing there in 1796. Was Westbourne Place of the railway and east of Royal Oak Station,” the same as Westbourne Manor House ; or did it

lady.

apply to the portion called Desboroughs in this France attached to it, just as DR. WOODWARD saw inquiry? Lysops does not mention the Manor them in 1890. The shield of No. 18, however, House or Desboroughs, though he describes West-correctly shows the arms of Portugal, and conbourne Place.

WYATT PAPWORTH. sequently Baedeker is right with regard to this It is very kind of the Bayswater Chronicle, 1884, to ascribe to " a visitor" my remarks about the

The author does not seem to have any doubt. above house, which I. well remember, and the legend. The tomb as originally designed was

about it that No. 8 was meant for the Arthur of especially the very words in which I describe it in Old and New London,' comparing it to a “rural to be on a larger scale than the present one, and vicarage.” My friend MR. GRIFFINHOOFE will find was to be surrounded by forty statues of the same a back-front view of the old house, with the poplar

dimensions as the present twenty-eight. Of the forty trees in sight, at p. 216 of vol. v. (not vi.) of my milian claimed thirty-eight as belonging to his

persons whom the statues were to represent, Maxi. work, and my description of it on pp. 214, 215. He will also see there what is said about' Des: family circle, the two exceptions being the two borough Place. E. WALFORD, M. A. illustrious knights represented by the pair

of statues Ventpor.

attributed to Vischer, namely, King Arthur of

England and Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, INNSBRUCK HOFKIRCHE (8th 81, 162, 211, who, according to the author, were merely invited 221, 315, 349, 409, 491).—Since sending you my guests. Of course, some modern genealogists last note on this subject, I have rediscovered a kind would greatly reduce the number of Maximilian's of semi-official account of the history of Maxi- ancestors ; but we must not forget the fact that milian's tomb by Dr. Scbönberr, in vol. xi. of the genealogists at the beginning of the sixteenth cenJabrbuch der kunst-historischen Sammlungen tury

. were not so strict as those of our days, and des oesterreichischen Kaiserhouses' (1890, pp. 140- hence the many imaginary pedigrees which have 268). The account is extremely interesting and been prepared for Maximilian, and are preserved very elaborate, and is founded on original research in the imperial archives, must be viewed in the among the various rich MS. collections of the spirit of the old emperor's times. Some of these imperial house of Austria. The author gives a list pedigrees, notably those illustrated by the “old of the twenty-eight large statues surrounding the masters," have been published in past volumes of emperor's tomb, supplying, professedly, the names the ‘Jahrbuch.' They show numerous princes of the persons whom they were intended to repre- with shields charged with a lion rampant and sent from documentary sources, but unfortunately others quartering the three batrachia with the three following too closely Baedeker's list and without fleurs-de-lye. DR. WOODWARD calls the former taking the least trouble to notice the heraldic frogs ; but were they not really meant for toads devices on the shields, and consequently without (crapauds) ? attempting to explain the glaring discrepancies The author publishes also reproductions of somo since pointed out in ' N. & Q.'

designs for statues prepared by Gilg Sesselschreiber, The names of the first seventeen statues agree the artist of several statues in the group, and by with Dr. WOODWARD's list, with the exception of otbers. One of these sketches (not carried out) No. 4, which is given as “ Duke Albrecht II., the represents the Eoglish bero-king holding a shield Wise," though the arms are those of an emperor. charged with the arms of France and England Then follow, after Kunigunda :

quarterly, and on & shield of pretence a lion 18. Eleanor of Portugal, mother of Maximilian. rampant, probably meant for Hapsbarg, as the 19. Mary of Burgundy, his first wife.

sketch bears the inscription, “Kuenig Artus zo 20. Elizabeth of Hungary, wife of “King” Eongellandt, Grave zu Habspurg.” Tbis proves Albrecht II.

beyond doubt that the artist meant to represent 21. Godfrey of Bouillon.

the King Artus of the legend, and that he was 22. “King” Albrecht I., in spite of the arms of under the impression that Arthur of Caerleon was Hangary.

a Count of Hapsburg and an ancestor of Maxi23. Frederic IV., Duke of Austria and Count of milian. Another drawing shows a design for a Tyrol (" with the empty pockets ").

statue of Bianca Maria. The arms assigned to 24. Leopold III., Duke of Austria. And omitting her are a quartered shield, with an eagle displayed the next three, wbich are the same as in DR Wood in the first and last, and the Visconti guivre in the WARD's list,

intermediate quarters and on an inescutcheon a 28. “King” Albrecht II., though the arms are cross argent (?). not those of an emperor. Pbotograpbic repro- As regards the shield of statue No. 28, I have dactions of a dozen of the large statues are given already stated in a previous note that history in the volume. That of Arthur is shown without knows only one Albert, Kiog of Hungary and a shield, and that of Philip the Good, of Burgundy Bohemia. As he was also King of the Romans, (No. 14), has the quartered shield of England and there is not the slightost doubt that he is repre

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