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general description of the contents of the Patent There is a full calendar, in the twolfth year of Rolle.
Henry III., printed in the Twenty-seventh Report of The existing calendars to these rolls, so im- the Depaty Keeper, Appendix, pp. 48-93, and there portant to the historical student, are not of a very is a similar calendar in MS., from 13 Henry III. satisfactory nature. First, there is a folio calendar, to 3 Edward I., each volume (there are eleven) printed, of selections from the rolls from John to being arranged alphabetically, with cross references. Edward IV., similar to that of the Charter Rolls. After this date, to the close of the reign of EdPortions of this period are more fully dealt with ward IV., there is a MS. calendar to some, but by as follows: The entries on the rolls from their no means all, the entries ; each volume of this commencement to 18 John are printed in full calendar has indices. From the last-named date and indexed (a copy of the print is placed in the there is a calendar, also in MS., but which professos Literary Search Room); there is also a printed to contain reference to everything on the rolls, calendar to the roll for 1 Henry III. (Twenty-sixth down to the Report of the Deputy Keeper of Records, pp. 66–86), So much for the three principal classes of Chanand a full calendar, in MS., to the close of cery enrolments. Besides these there are many Henry III.'s reign. From 1 to 9 Edward I. there others, from which may be noted theis a full priuted calendar_(Forty - second to Fine Rolls, John to 23 Charles I.-Containing Fiftieth Deputy Keeper's Reports), 1-3 Ed. entries of the bestowal of money or anything else ward III., & full printed calendar, published upon the sovereign by way of fine for obtaining the as a separate volume. For the reigns of Ed- royal favour. ward V. and Richard III. there is a printed Cartæ Antiquæ, Ethelbert to Edward I.calendar (Ninth Report, Appendix ii., pp. 1-14). A collection of transcripts, made about the twelfth From Henry VII. to 45 Victoria there is a MS. or thirteenth century, of grants and charters of calendar. A list of all creations entered on the every kind. There is a printed calendar to this Patent Rolls, of peers and baronets from class. 1 Richard III. to the reign of Charles I. has been Coronation Rolls.-Entries of the services perprinted in the Deputy Keeper's Forty-seventh formed at the coronation, and by whom, at the Report, App. pp. 78–138.
following coronations : Edward II., Henry IV., The Close Rolls derive their name from the Henry V., James I., Charles II., James II., Wil. nature of the entries upon them-mandates, letters liam and Mary, Anne, George I., George II., and writs of a private nature, addressed, in the George IV., William IV., Victoria. king's name, to individuals, and folded or closed French Rolls, 1 Edward II. to 26 Charles II. and sealed on the outside with the Great Seal. The On these are entries, mostly diplomatic, relating to entries on the Patent Rolls, which we last described, foreign countries generally, and
they are often, espewere, on the other hand, always left open, with the cially by earlier writers, referred to as Treaty Rolls. seal hanging from the bottom. The early Olose Rolls Gascon or Vascon Rolls, 26 Henry III. to 7 Edare of the highest historic importance, for the entries ward IV.- These contain entries of the same in them are of the most varied description, illus- nature as those on the French Rolls, but they trating the exercise of the royal
prerogative in every chiefly relate to Gascony. form, the administration of the revenue and the Irish Rolls, 1-50 Edward III.-Contain entries several branches of the Judicature. On the same relating to Ireland generally, and are of much hismembrane of one of these rolls we have sometimes toric importance. an order for the execution of a treaty or the ob- Norman Rolls, 2 John to 10 Henry V.-00 servance of a truce, the assignment of dower, the these are entries relating to the Duchy of Norpardon of a state prisoner, the order to pro. mandy whilst governed by England, but they also vision or fortify a castle, a letter to the ruler contain entries of certain grants by the English of a foreign country; indeed, on the Close Rolls king, made whilst in Normandy, of lands and offices may be looked for a record of almost any event in England. The series is not regular, and entries in history, general or individual. As time goes on relating to Normandy also occur on the early the Close Rolls degenerate, and those from, say, Patent, Charter, and Close Rolls. the period of the Reformation onwards, contain Roman Rolls, 34 Edward I. to 31 Edward III. little more than the enrolment of private deeds ; |-Are filled mostly by entries of letters to popes these, however, are obviously of importance to the and cardinals relating to the ecclesiastical affairs of compiler of family history and the topographer. England.
The Close Rolls from their commencement in Scotch Rolls, 19 Edward I. to 7 Henry VIII. the sixth year of King John to the eleventh year .-On these we have a most valuable and interestof Henry III. are printed in full with indices ing series of entries relating to the dealings of this nominum and locorum, and the volume stands in country with Scotland, and also of those relating the Literary Search Room beside the print of the to affairs within Scotland itself ; to give two inearly Charter and Patent Rolls, already referred to. stances, we may mention the mass of material there to be found concerning the disputed succession to of Cyprus ; and Pope Julius II. sent a consecrated the Scottish crown on the death of Margaret of Golden Rose, dipped in chrism and perfumed with Norway, and of the contest betwixt Bruce and must, to Archbishop Warbam, April 5, 1510, to Balliol.
be presented to Henry VIII. at high mass with To all the last-named classes calendars or the Apostolical blessing. Nor was this the only indices exist, more or less perfect. A very com- occasion on which this worthy defender of the plete list of all these, compiled by Mr. Scargill. faith received the Golden Rose, for Leo X. also sent Bird, is placed in each of the search rooms. him one, but at that time the doctrine of infalli.
W. J. HARDY. bility had not been insisted on. (To be continued.)
Previous to the Reformation Frederic, tho Elector of Saxony, received the Golden Rose. The
value of the rose appears to have increased from THE POPE'S GOLDEN ROSE.
time to time. We find Alexander VII. ordering (See 6th S. iii. 464; 7th S. ii. 125; iv. 289, 491 ; vi. 114, one rose at 6,000 fr. and another at 4,000 fr. Popo 384; xi. 166, 431; xii. 13, 152.)
Innocent XI. had a Golden Rose made which Amongst nature-worshipping peoples the rose weighed over eight pounds, and was ornamented was the symbol of life and death. It was with several sapphires, and represented a value of sacred to Aphrodite, but it was also dedicated to more than 10,000 fr. Towards the close of the last Dionysius. * Naturally white, it was fabled to century the Golden Rose appears to have been have taken its beautiful colour, the colour for given almost indiscriminately to any travelling which there is no other name, from the blood of prince who would pay a sum equivalent to about the dying Adonis. Both Greeks and Romans 2001. in fees for it. The authors of the Wander. made use of roses in their religious ritual. Brides ings of Plants and Animals ' regard the origin of were crowned with them, and their petals were the Golden Rose to be connected with the ancient scattered on the dead. The rose in its full fresh- symbolism of the flower already referred to; but ness and sweetness was the type of youth and we elsewhere find it stated that the rose is said to beauty, and figured, in the short duration of its be a symbol of the Creator, the splendour and richloveliness, the fleeting nature of these charms. ness of the metal representing the eternal light Thus, " in the hand of a conqueror it expressed which surrounds the Divine presence, and the pernot only his glory and joy, but also bis mortality fumes and spices which are placed in the vase by and humility."
the Pope symbolize the glory and resurrection of With the introduction of Christianity the rose Christ. festival, or rosalia, of the Romans was transferred At Rome, it was the practice of the Church to to Whit Sunday, the so-called Dominica de rosa, bless the rose on a special day set apart, which was when roses were scattered on the people from the called Rose Sunday. The benediction of the rose roofs of the churches, and on the occasion of is pronounced with particular solemnity on the certain solemn processions at the present day the fourth Sunday in Lent, the Holy Father, clothed priests strow roses before the Host. The “queen in white robes, reads the formula from a book of flowers ” became sacred to the Virgin, upon which is held by a bishop. Two other bishops, whose altars the rich incense of its peerless per holding lighted candles, stand by his side. The fume is ever present.
high digoitaries of the Papal Court surround the It had been a practice of the Popes to send Pontiff, holding the incense, the holy water, the silver doves, consecrated and blessed, to royal per- spices and other perfumes, while another dignisonages ; but at what period the custom of bestow- tary, kneeling, presents the rose to the Pope, who ing the Golden Rose began there is no known dips it in balsam, sprinkles it with bolg water record. At first these roses were simple flowers and incense, reads the prayer, blesses the incense, of red enamel, representing the natural colour of the spices, the perfumes, wbich are in tarn prethe rose. Later the colour was left white and a sented to him by a cardinal
. After putting these large ruby was put in the centre, the reflection of into the vase which holds the rose, the Golden Rose which gave a rosy tint to the petals. It is not is blessed, and the ceremony ends. In modern until the twelfth century that we find Alex- times the Golden Rose has taken the form of a ander III., who became Pope in 1159, sending a branch with several flowers, a natural rose which blessed Golden Rose to Louis the Young, as an has been blessed by the Pope forming the centre. acknowledgment of the honour with which he had Quite lately the Golden Rose has been worth over been received in the course of a journey in France. 10,000 fr. Such was the rose which Queen “ Subsequently the giving of the Golden Rose be- Isabella II. of Spain received in 1856. It was came an authoritative act, by which the Pope planted in a magnificent vase of silver gilt, a recognized the rights of Christian sovereigos." splendid example of Roman workmanship. The Thuš in 1368 Urban V. gave the Golden Rose to Golden Rose is supposed to convey a blessing to its Joan of Sicily, thereby preferring her over the King royal recipients, and even to churches and towns. Pio Nono conferred it upon the anfortunate Cbar. But advertised by rightinge into Fraunce the verie lotte, Empress of Mexico, and, if I remember particuleryties of our offer of marriage made to bir: aright, upon the equally unfortunate Eugénie, late the lest that a matter meant by us for diverse respectes
Whereof we could not but conceave some mislikinge at Empress of the Frencb.
to be secreatly dealt in should thus be made open and so When Queen Isabella II. was honoured with the common in that sorte : And yet notwithstandinge, Pope's Golden Rose, it brought forth in various findinge no cbaunge of good wyll in our selues we con newspapers many interesting paragraphs concern
tinewed our purpose Bo to have advertised hir what ing the custom.
C. A. WHITE.
persons we intended to send to confero with some of birs, But bebold upon a just occasion given us to write a lettere somwbat before that tyme to our said Sister for &
matter concerninge the Erle of Lenox comminge thither, ELIZABETH AND MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS. wee receaved in that ungeasonable tyme an answearo (Continued from p. 282.)
from our said Syster by writinge muche different from our sent to the Queene of Scottes in message from the of ours in the same matter, of a stranger manner, than ever A Memoriall delivered to Thomas Randolphe beinge deserte, and expectation : And therwitball we did see
some letters, written from the L. of Lethington to some Queenes Majestie the 4 of October 1564. You shall after our most hartie comendations made to
had been to our knowledge before, usinge some sharpper our good sister with the deliuerie of our l'res baie, that in suche an argumente: Wherin our dealinge was suche,
wordes in dissalowinge of our request then was resonable your comminge was appointed, and yourselfe readie to come before the cominge of servaunte James Melvin last the repose of our said Sister & ber countrie : yet wee did
as althoughe wee bad not 'thankes for our care had to hither, to haue declared to bir the causes that moved us meassage brought to us from thence and have shewed of bothe the letteres you shall saie that we weare not to to forbear so longe the returninge of answer to your last not like to have our frindly considerations reproved or
reprehended: And how iustly wee did conceaue Bo muche unto bir our determination for the continuenaunce of have hir understand it now by you: but we could not our amitie and further proceadinge to the good course allreadie begone betwixt us two: And althoughe we did but shewe it to bir servante James Melvin whoe hatb imparte to the saide Melvin some of the causes that seene the letters selfe. moved us to forbear our answare and bave receved full This manner of writinge to us, moved us to thinke that satisfaction by his meassage to all doubt conceaved yet some newe humor might be entred not into hir breaste as well for the assured satisfaction of our good sister in but rather conveighed into some of their heades that all eventes, as for answer to be gyuen to your message
weare in creditte and in counsell with hir: And therfore wee thought it verie pertenent to both our amities to beinge by these accedentes muche perplexed and caried send you at this time thither : And before you shall into diuerso dispositions, som tyme to neglecte all these enter to declare the causes of our former staie you shall scruples and to send answeare accordinge to our first fyrste praye our good Sister to rest hir selfe still upon intention wold proue but vaine and be abused in thend, bir olde opinion of us for our constante and unchaunge. we thus determined: that understandinge how the Lord able amitie towardes bir, whatsoever accident hath Robarte and our Secretario whoe weare also muche per happened to come to our kuowledge that might in plexed herewith, had written both to the E: of Murray aparaunce any wise deminishe or alter the same in us : and L: of Liddington by waie of complainte of this And upon that request graunted to us, you skall saie gou oblique dealinge with us in the matter of the Erle of are comanded to signifie to bir the particulerrities of Lenox we should see by the answeare to their letters the matters wbich staid us from asweare: and so you some proffe where of this forainge answeare, made unto shall begine.
us, proceade, that meant so sincerely hopinge therwith Fyrst upon our returne ye shall saie we did so well that they shoulde baue answeare with speede, and so like the offer of our said Sister to have the mater ther upon it would appeare whether there weare in deade somewhat treated upon by trustie persons of both sucbe chaunge of that parte in any intention as by the parties with secreacie that we did both determine whoe former accidentes we did gather: And so ether we the persons should be for our parte and upon what should proceаde as we first intended and earnestly pointes they should treate and to what end: In the most desired, or els case and leave of without more inconof which our considerations, the same beinge suche as venience But with what grife our mind after this was wee weare not a little delighted to be therin occupied, burdened, bearinge of no answeare made to the said wee had intelligence given us out of Fraunce by parties letters, we are lothe to have any repetition made, misof no smale creditte that it was then understanded and likinge alltogether with our eelues the remembrance frequently reported in that Courte that newes weare thereof: And after some tyme pleasantly passed, wher lately come from Scotlande what motion and particuler in answear might baue been once or twice sente, behold offers we had made to hir for hir marriage : and how inbappely it cometh to our knowledge that our subjectes never the lesse shee was determined so to use the matter upon our borders, specially the Est and middle marches, as shee would intertaine us in a communication therof had knowledge given them by meanes to them crediable, but shee would directe birselfe by advise of bir other that their wardens bad commandemente secreatly from frindes to take an other waie than that we propounded: the Courte there, that they should not use suche diligence and so we weare advised to be warre how wee should & readines in administration of justice to our said subenter any further in this matter, lest wee shoulde lose jectes, as they had of lat used: but they shoulde houlde both our good will and our labour: This manner of their handes some what straighter: And for the profe of advertisement, you maye well saie, seemed unto us verie suche an intention in the wardens in deede, they, at their straunge, beingo also 80 well confirmed by sondrie next meetinges with ours refused directly without couller arguementes to bave creditte that ther with we weare to answeare justice in manifest causes. mucbe perplexed: And to encrease our perplexitie You shall now praie our Sister, but imagine with your within a fewe daies after wee harde the same newlie self how farre we weare tempted herby to call our confirmed by reporte heare in our Realme and funde former sinceare intentions in question: So as notwith. this muche thereof to be trewe that some of the Frenche standinge all thise foremer scruples and unseasonable ministers did not only reporte by speach bere in England, accidents from the wbiche potwithstandinge all proro
cations how far of we weare to do any thinge bere to GLENDOVEER.—Mr. J. Chamberlain, speaking at breade offence, It may manifestly appeare by this one Hatfield, said :thinge that in this verie tyme beinge so combersome contrarie to the expectation and desier of our people yea the poem of Thomas Moore:
« The Prime Minister reminds me of Glendoveer in contrarye to the disposition of no smale nomber of our Councell and that also to some parte of detrimente to
I am the blessed Glendoveer, our selfe for our owne privat lucre by the intention of
'Tis mine to speak, and yours to hear." our people to have gratifiede us with some subsidie, we
Readers may search vain for these lines in did even then by proclamation prolonge our Parlymente that now should baue been gone in October meaninge of Moore's poems; and for this reason—they are not purpose to haue an assemblie wherein the intreste of there. They are from the 'Rejected Addresses, our Sister might be brought in question untill it weare Imitation of Southey, by James Smith, and are tho better considered that no barme might therof ensue to first two lines in The Rebuilding' verses. The hir and that wee two had further proceaded in the original reads, – Establishemente of our amitie : thoughe in consideration of wisdomo wee had cause to make some staye yet
I am a blessed Glendoveer, &c., our inward frindshippe and our naturall affection to and a note in the twenty-second edition, says, "For wardes our Sister bad taken so deepe roote as neither the Glendoveer the reader is referred to the Curse suspition nether doubt could shake it And to saie the
W. POLLARD. uerye truthe our judgmente was overcome with our love
Hertford. and from that wherunto reason and advise would have leade us love and nature carried us and provoked “ LIKE A BOLT FROM THE BLUE." -As this us not to forbeare any longer tyme nor to conceave any doubte of hir parte, but to sende you thither with our phrase seems to be rather in favour just now, it is, letters and with all this message that now you bringe. perhaps, not uninteresting to examine how far thé
And as we had resolued with ourselfe and you com idea prevails in other languages. I have found it permanded to put yourself in readines you maye shewe her fectly reproduced in German, where it appears as as the truthe was howe bir servant James Melvine came “Wie ein Blitzstrahl aus blauem Aether" (London by whome bothe by the good letters be brought from our Hermann for April 8, p. 6, feuilleton). In Italian, good Sister and from others ther we weare made sodenly 80 glade as havinge beene burdened a longe tyme in our
an Italian lady tells me, they use "Come un fulminde with care and troubled with the inwardo con mine a ciel sereno," and it will be found in tention between love and reason and therby toesed Petrocchi.' In French I have never met with * bither and thither wee baue founde by this our messengers similar expression, though very likely, it exists. cominge a whole delivery of all thise offences and have we do, indeed, find " comme la foudre,"." receaved more good for quietnes sake at this one instante then euer wee did before by any messenger sent to us.
un foudre” (Littré), but these expressions have So as yo shall conclude that wee thought it convenient reference merely to the violence and rapidity of a not to chaunge the sendinge of you to declare this comthunderbolt, and, in consequence of the absence of inge hir that the passions therin haue been altogether anything equivalent to "from the blae,” by no like a trageedie but because thende
hath brought quiet- means render the picturesque suddenness and unnes for the matters that have trubbled us howsoever expectedness which these words give to our phrase. they have happened wee are mynded to neglecte them
F. CHANCE. all without further thinkinge of the natures the causes or other circumstances therof and you shall assure bir
[See 71. S. iii. 388, 522; iv. 212, 333.] that ther is no chaunge in us towards hir neyther do wee THE GARDEN OF THE HESPERIDES. -Occupying thinke that any hath been in her towardes us.
And therforo ye shall saie that wee are determined the post of honour at the Royal Academy Exhibition fully to recontinew our former motion and to thend some of 1892 was a picture by the President, the story conference may be bad therupon secreatly and without of which seemed unfamiliar to many who recognized delaye with some of hirs as shee bath desired wee have its beauty. “ What's 204 ?" would be the questhought meete for the avoidinge of inconvenience of tion. “The Garden,” would be the answer, after makinge the matter to open to appointe you to atende reference to the Catalogue, "of the Hesperides." with our cosen the Erle
of Bedforthe to commune here. “O yes, of course.” And they passed on in a con; upon with any such persones as shee shall name: or otherwise yf shee shall so thinke better to send any of spiracy of silence. But now and again would hirs bither to us wee will appointe like persons to com. arrive a party in possession of a guide-book larger mune with them: Wherein wee meane to proceade than the Catalogue, and containing illustrations frankly and plainly without obscurities as to our amities and the answer would be as follows :dothe belonge. And if shee will haue the matter treated upon our
“ The sacred tree round whoge trunk the three nymphe frontiers as was first mentioned: you shall saye that are grouped bears golden fruit. The nymph whom the you baue Comandemente Instructions and Authoritie dragon has selected for his victim is fascinated, and for the Erle of Bedforthe and yourselfe to conferre there. powerless to rouse her sleeping sisters.” one for which purpose you shall as you seo cause returne When I heard this I was amazed. There was the shall agree upon some tyme and convenient place for that from childhood of the familiar dragon who helped to Berwicke and upon conference with the saide Erle yon picture plainly telling the tale that I had heard purpose and thereof advertise us with speede to thend as the maids to guard the golden fruit. Two might cause shalbe wee maye give you further directions.
E. E. Thoyts.
well afford to idle or go to sleep, while the third (To be continued.)
could rely on the powerful friend with whom she was gracefully toying. Writing from the Garden wives to clean the door-steps, and is unpopular of the Hesperides, I would ask, Is there a legend, with servants, neighbours, and employers. contrary to the received one, in which the dragon
PAUL BIERLEY. appears as the girls' enemy instead of as their
SHAKSPEARIAN RELICS. - The following, from friend? I remember that Hercules was sent to kill the the Daily News of March 16, is going the round of
the papers :dragon and bring away the fruit ; but I also remember that when he had performed this stupidest has just taken to his residence, from Stratford-on-Avon,
“Mr. Thomas Hornby, of Kingsthorpe, Northampton, of all his labours, he was told to take them back the whole of the Shakesperian relics formerly in the again ; and here I am thankful to say they still possession of his grandmother, Mary Hornby, who was are for our delight. And here, too, till five-and-the occupant of Shakespeare's birthplace from 1793 to twenty years ago, there lived, though meta- 1820. Mary Hornby, who is picturesquely described by morphosed into the semblance of a tree, the Washington Irving in his "Sketch Book, removed from
Shakespeare's house, in consequence of the rent being dragon of the days of myth, with scales and blood raised fourfold, taking with her everything morable, and bristling head, an object of pilgrimage to She exbibited these things in her new house opposite the visitors from afar, as it had been an object of birthplace; but in recent years they have been kept in religious significance to the Guanch inhabitants. comparative obscurity, and were only taken to North.
ampton this month, on the death of their last owner, who
devised them to Mr. Hornby. They include five carved Tenerife.
oak chairs, portions of carved bedstead, carved oak COGERS' Hall. (See 7th S. i. 9, 52.), The Shakespeare, and said to have been his property; his
chests, and other furniture, all contemporary with following cutting from the Daily Chronicle of iron deed box, sword, and lantern; portions of the April 19 is perhaps worthy of transplantation to famous mulberry tree, the visitors' book to the birth'N. & Q.':
place from 1812 to 1819; and several oil paintings. " The Barley Mow,' in Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, These last include a fine contemporary portrait of Shakehistorically famous as Ye Old Cogers' Hall,' was brought speare's daughter Judith, and oval portraits of his grandto the hammer yesterday. The first offer was 6,0001., the wards Sir John Barnard. It is suggested that North
daughter Elizabeth Hall and her husband, Mr., afterlast was 7,6401, and as this amount works out at about 51. 88, a foot, it is not surprising that no sale was de ampton should purchase the relics to place in Abington clared. Indeed, one would expect a better price to be Abboy, recently presented to the town by Lord and Lady realized if the land were merely to be utilized for the death-place of Lady Barnard (Elizabeth Hall), the last
Wantage, Abington Abbey being the residence and building of a printing establishment. It was evident of Shakespeare's lineal descendants." that most of the persons who thronged the Mason's Hall
W. D. Pisk. Tavern yesterday were brought there through curiosity. The well-known Old Cogers'' Debating Society, which still meets in this ancient hostelry, was founded in 1755, in church on Sunday, March 12, I was struck by
“WE ARE SEVEN."—Hearing a first lesson read and is associated with such prominent men as John Wilkes, Judge Keogh, Daniel O'Connell, and John Phil. the reply of Joseph's bretbren to their unrecognized pot Curran. The late James Hannay, novelist, journa- brother, “We be twelve brethren, sons of one sist, and quarterly reviewer, was also a frequent speaker father, one is not, &c.” (Gen. xlii. 32, repeated at Cogers' Hall.'
from xlii. 13). How exactly this is the answer of
W. F. PRIDEAUX. the little child in Wordsworth's poem—the sons of STEPHEN Gosson.—There is an account of him Jacob supposing that Joseph was dead. in the Dictionary of National Biography,' in
EDWARD Å. MARSHALL, M.A. which he is said to have been born in Kent. He Hastings. was baptized at St. George's, Canterbury, April 17,
RENTS IN 1699. 1554, and was the son of Cornelius Gooson. Christopher Marlowe was baptized in the same
“A large House at Highgate near London, 6 Rooms church on Feb. 26, 1563/4.
on a Floor, with Coach-House & Stable, & Garden &
It may be worth Garden House, will be leased out at 201. or Lett by the while to add that a variant of Gosson or Gooson Year at 221. or to be Sold. A Copy bold. Inquire at is Goschen.
J. M. CowPER. the Angel at Highgate aforesaid, or at Mark Wynn, the Canterbury.
3d door in Kent street in Southwark,”—Flying Post,
No. 619, April 27-29, 1699. CHARLES Rossi, R.A. (1762-1839), SCULPTOR.
H. H. S. -The inscription on a tombstone in the burial
CAESTER CALLED WESTCHESTER.–At the meetground of St. James's Chapel, Hampstead Road, London, furnishes the information that he died ing of the Royal Archæological Institute, held some Feb. 21, 1839, in his seventy-seventh year. It the question asked why that city was in former
six or seven years ago at Chester, we often heard were impossible, owing to their illegibility, to days frequently spoken of as West Chester. No notice the further inscriptions on the same stone.
reply was ever given in our hearing. This form
occurs at least twice in Foxe's 'Acts and Monu“STEP-GIRL.”—This word has no reference to ments,' Seeley's edition, vii, 207, viii. 694. relationship. She is employed by careful house
N. M. &. A.