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to the two words marriage and wedding ?-if so, what Windsor, it was the scent of volatilized tobacco. were those meanings ?-and when did the two words George IV. had “a cellar of spuff,” which, teste become synonymous ? An answer from any one who has John Bull, August 15, 1830, was sold, after the subject I can hardly refrain from mentioning a curious king's demise,“ to a well-known purveyor, for statement of who are gens mariés. They are put down 4007."
W. F. WALLER. as Chevalier, prestre et mariage. (Poës, av, 1300,' iv. p. 1334.)
Chevalier and prestre are easy enough to ANNESLEY FAMILY. - Dr. Annesley, at one understand, one being married to arms, the other to time Vicar of Cripplegate, was grandfather to the the Church, but what is the meaning of classing mariage brothers Wesley, by one daughter; another married among the gens mariés 1-D.D." John W. BONE, F.S.A.
John Dunton, bookseller, a third is stated to have
become second wife and widow of De Foe. Sir Pallip SIDNEY AND SHAKSPEARE.-Has the There has been a contention as to Annesley's following remarkable parallel ever been pointed descent. Samuel Annesley, born 1620, at Kenil. out? In 'Arcadia,' bk. iii., Sidney says :- worth, was son of John Aneley, of Hareley, War
“The force of love......doth so enchain the lovers wickshire ; Hareley is probably put for Arley, judgment upon her that holds the reins of his mind, near Nuneaton, and it is affirmed that this divine that whatsoever she doth is ever in his eyes best, and was nephew to Arthur, first Earl of Anglesea, who that best being [in] the continual motion of our chang- died in 1686. This ennobled family are traced to ing life turned by her to any other thing, that thing Annesley, in Nottinghamshire, circa 1079; but is best. If she be silent, that without comparison is best, later were seated at Newport Pagnell, Bucks. We since by that means the untroubled eye most freely may find that Sir Francis, first Viscount Valentia, born devour the sweetness of his object. But if she speak, he circa 1590, died 1660, married twice, and three will take it upon his death that is best, the quintessence sons are recorded, (1) the Earl of Anglesea above of each word being distilled down into his affected soul." named, (2) John of Ballysonan, and (3) Francis. "Winter's Tale,' IV. iii.:
It seems chronologically impossible that a man When you speak, sweet, born in 1620 could have been nephew to this I'd have you do it ever: when you sing,
nobleman, while the identification of John Aneloy, I'd have you buy and sell so : so give alms : Pray so: and for the ordering your affairs,
as above, with the Honourable John Annesley, of To sing them too. When you do dance, I wish you
co. Kildare, is very doubtful. A wave o' the sea, that you might ever do
Annesley, considered topographically, is very Nothing but that : move still,
common. There is Ansley, near Atherstone; And own no other function.
again, Aneley may be corrupted from Henley ; 80 The thought, howsoever true, is not trite or a Warwickshire man need not travel into Nottingobvious, and it can scarcely be doubted that hamshire for his eponymous ancestor. Shakspeare borrowed it from Sidney. It is a good
A. HALL. example of his power to embellish in borrowing. The name of Mopsa, Sidney's ill-favoured shep-has drawn the attention of philologists to the
TAE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE.—DR. HYDE CLARKE herdess,
reappearing in the play, is a small indica- number of English words which have passed over tion that Shakspeare had the romance in his mind to the Netherlands and are now current there. It while writing. It may seem that Sidney coined has probably not escaped the notice of students of the feminine name. Virgil bas only Mopsas. the Russian language that a vast number of words Theocritus has neither, so that Shakspeare can of Western origin have been seized upon--fitted in scarcely have got it from any other source.
C. B. Mount.
many cases with Russian terminations while some
are scarcely altered at all-and incorporated into TOBACCO AT WINDSOR.-In an "Echo" on the the language. The dicta of the Emperor Charles V. Windsor theatricals of the Prince Consort's time, are well known, viz., that Spanish was the lan. Mr. Sala, under date March 26, remarks that guage of the Supreme Being, French was to be used "such a thing as a cigar or cigarette was never with friends, German with the enemy, and Italian heard of." I have still, I believe, a copy of the should be employed in addressing the ladies ; but acting version of G. H. Lewes's 'Bachelor of Arts, the great Lomonossof went still further when he which was played in the Rubens Room by the said that Russian could be employed with each Lyceum company. This copy belonged to Charles and all, as it comprised "the majesty of the Mathews, the Harry Jasper of the piece, and was Spanish, the vivacity of the French, the strength carefully bowdlerized for the occasion by the late of the German, and the sweetness of the Italian" W. B. Donne. There is a marginal query, in (vide Reiff's ' Russian Grammar '). Mathews's bandwriting, as to whether certain While thoroughly in accord with the sentiments cigars, which Jasper and Dolly Thornton have to expressed by the erudite grammarian and scientist, smoké, are to be smoked ; and I have reason to I would remark on the frequency with which believe that this “business” was slurred over. Western words have been in the past (and are still If, however," the scent of tobacco” was taboo at largely appropriated by Russian writers. Mr
W. R. Morfill, in his 'History of Russia,' which appreciative mention is made of the aboveforms a volume of the “Story of the Nations " named divine, who appears to bave been celebrated series, points out that Peter the Great used Ger- in his day as an author and poet :man words in the naming of St. Petersborg, “William Thompson, a warm lover of our elder bards, Cronstadt, and Schlüsselberg. The infinitive and no vulgar imitator of Spenser, was the second son of termination ovat is often affixed to verbs of foreign the Rev. Francis Thompson, Rector of Brough, in Westorigin, as interesovat, admirovat, malevat (German, College, Oxford, where
he graduated A.M. in 1738. He mahlen), and many others. (This is suggestive of afterwards became fellow of the same college, and the German verbs which end in ieren, e.g., pro- succeeded to the livings of South Weston and Hampton bieren, studieren, &c.) Again, we find veksel (Gor- Pogle, in Oxfordshire; after which (according to Alex. man, wechsel), litera (idem, Latin), tsirkul (circle) Chalmers) he became Dean of Raphoe, in Ireland, where and yakhta (yacht). Pushkin, a versatile master the reviver of Bishop Hall's “Satires”. in 1753, by an
he died about 1766. D’Israeli informs us that he was of his own and several other tongues, writes dendi edition which had been more fortunate if conducted by (dandy), vasisdas (vasistas). In the Parisien his friend Oldys, for the text is unfaithful, though the Russe of March 12 (28 February), I observe edition followed was one borrowed from Lord Oxford's kortezh (French, cortège), praktika, delegatsia, de- library, probably by the aid of Oldys.' In 1757, Thomptal'ni, and, in inverted coinmas, chahutisti, mem- those entitled "The Nativity, Sickness,' and 'The
son published two volumes of 'Poems,' among which bers of the armée du chahut of students.
Hymn to May,' have met with considerable approThese are but a few among many instances bation," --P. 43. which go to show that the Russians, instead of Further researches show him to have been educonstructing words of Slavonic origin, draw ex- cated at Appleby School, in Westmoreland, and tensively upon the vocabularies of other countries Allibone's Dictionary: gives a short account of to enrich their own. Be it remarked, however, him and his writings, from which it would appear that this in no way detracts from the innate strength that he was not in the roll of common men.' and beauty of this noblest of languages.
F. P. MARCHANT.
"Selecta Poemata Anglorum' ("editio secunda
emendatior ") is a long Alcaic ode in Latin, Ode Brixton Hill, S.W.
Brumalis ad amicum Oxoniensem,' of twenty-one LOWLAND SCOTCH. - Why should Scotsmen stanzas, signed G. Thompson, A.M., E. Coll. Reg. deliberately caricature themselves ? Surely there Oxon, 1747, which probably owes its paternity to can be but small satisfaction in any effort to raise
pen. My friend the Provost of Queen's a laugh at the expense of one's own nationality. College, Oxford, is making a collection of engraved The following attempt at wit occurs in the Weekly portraits of eminent members of that college, and Citizen (a Glasgow publication) of March 25 :- the noble library is assigning a separate niche to « In St. Andrews opinion is very much divided as to
Authores Reginenses.' It would be interesting to the authorship of "The Silver Domino. The resident know whether a portrait of this divine and a colpopulation of that town is in some measure addicted to lection of his works have been added. letters, as is natural in a place where every one who is
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. not a professor is a meonister, stickit or otherwise. One Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. part of the population (the professors, surely), ascribe the book to Mr. W. E. Henley. The other thinks it was NEW TESTAMENT OF Oct. 27, 1548.-Certain written by A. K. H. B., or if not A. K. H. B., at least notes in the well-known folio Bible printed by A. H. K. B.'s son." What The Silver Domino' may be, and who to have been written for this edition. Such, how
Daye and Seres, 1549, have always been supposed may turn out to be its unfortunate author or ever, is not the case ; they are all copied from the authors, are small matters ; but it is hard to see 12mo. New Testament of 1548, including the folwhy St. Andrews and Lowland Scotch should lowing note to 1 St. Peter iii. :thus be pilloried with rampant" wit" and riotous
“He dwelleth wyth his wyfe according to knowledge, English. In the first place, St. Andrews is a city, that taketh her as a necessarye healper, and not as a not a town; and secondly, the people there do not bonde seruaunte or a bonde slaue. And yf she be not use any such vulgarism as “meenister" in their obedient and healpfull vnto hym endeuoureth to beato conversation. They pronounce the word like the feare of God into her heade, that therby she maye rational beings, and their speech-like that of other be compelled to learne her dutie, and to do it." Scottish Lowlanders—is a tongue, and not a hideous
The printers are said to dwell "in Sepulchres patois.
THOMAS BAYNE. parish, at the signe of the Resurrection a little Helensburgh, N.B.
aboue Holbourne coduit”; but the following year
we have "Jhon Daye, dwelling at Aldersgate, and TAE Rev. WILLIAM THOMPSON (1714(1)–1766). William Seres, dwelling in Peter College." The -In & scarce and interesting little volume, Notes most interesting part of the 1548 12mo. is “The on and by Oldys,' reprinted chiefly from ‘Ń. & Q., Epistles takē out of the olde testament, which are given to me many years ago by my friend WILLIAM read in the churche after the vse of Salisbury vpon J. THOMs, our venerable founder, a kindly and certeyne dayes of the yere." Twenty-seven chapters
of the Old Testament are given, in addition to a Dibdin's. Songs.—When was the song entitled large number for use on saints' days and other fes- True Courage,' and beginning, tivals. The rendering of many of these chapters Why, what's that to you if my eyes I'm a wiping? differs from any Bible then in existence.
first published ?
J. D. J. R. DORE. Huddersfield.
GENERAL CLAYE.— I should feel much obliged JACOBITE NOT WILLIAMITE. - It may be as
any of your readers could inform me who was well to mention that, with a slight exception, General Claye. I have an interesting picture, on all of the forces apparently Williamite on pp. 645 the back of which is written, “General Claye, and 648, O'Hart's Irish Pedigrees,' third edition, painted by Gainsboro. Bought at the sale of were really Jacobite. See D'Alton's 'King James's General Hare Claye at Christie's, 1854.” The Irish Army List.'
O. picture represents the full-length figure of a man
in a scarlet coat standing by a horse and with a
blue mottled dog at his feet. It is painted in disQueries. temper.
T. H. We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only privato interest to affix their
GEORGE Eliot.— I recollect reading, many years names and addresses to their queries, in order that the ago, an article in some magazine,
headed, as well answers may be addressed to thom direct.
as I can remember, 'Will George Eliot ever write
Poetry ?' I think the first publication of G. TAE WIFE OF THE THIRD VISCOUNT BOURKE. Eliot's verse was in 1870, when Jubal' came out -Can any genealogical reader of ‘N. & Q.’inform in Macmillan's Magazine, so that this article must me as to the wife of Theobald, third Viscount bave appeared before then. I should be very grateBourke, of Mayo ? Lord Bourke was the father ful if any reader of ' N. & Q.' could tell me where of Maude Bourke, who married Col. John Browne, such an article is to be found, as I want it for some grandfather of the first Earl of Altamont. Col. work I am engaged on. E. H. HICKEY. Browne's father was Sir John Browne, of the Neale, co. Mayo. I am anxious, also, to discover
Jonson's MASQUES. - I should be obliged for the name of his wife, KATHLEEN WARD.
information as to the existence of engravings of the
masques of Ben Jonson or Campion. T. G. WAINEWRIGHT, the art critic and poisoner,
FRANCES GERARD. exhibited the following pictures in the Academy :
ABERNETHY.-In what writing of Abernethy 1821, ‘A Romance from Undine'; 1822, 'Paris in the Chamber of Helen"; 1824, The Milk- would occur his strongest handling of the physiomaid's Song '; 1825, Scene from “ Der Frei- logical system of Hunter ; 80 as to justify any schutz "'; 1825, Sketch from “La Gerusalemme that great man ? Is Cuvier regarded as a disciple ?
one in calling him the most appreciative disciple of Liberata." I should be glad if any one could tell
O. A. WARD. me if any of these pictures are extant; and, if so,
Chingford Hatch, Essex. where ; and if they have been reproduced in any form.
PICTOR IGNOTOS. WATERLOO.- Where is a story to be found Union Society, Oxford.
which my father told me when I was a boy, of an "The Waite Christ.”—What is the origin of artillery officer at Waterloo, who caught Napoleon this beautiful pbrase ? Longfellow twice uses it within range of his battery, laid a gun on bini with in 'The Saga of King Olaf.' Did he find it in the utmost care, and sent an orderly to the duke some old saga ?
C. C. B.
to know whether he should fire; but the duke, of
course, ordered him not to do so? Is the story QUOTATION IN LAMB. Can any reader say already published, or only traditional ? If the where the following quotation is taken from, used latter, my father, as a young deacon in his first by Lamb in 'The Adventures of Ulysses,'chap. ii.? curacy just sixty years ago, had an old Peninsular "Fetch the day about from sun to sun, and rock and Waterloo veteran in his service, and this the tedious year as in a delightful dream."
would have been its probable source. Wbat would have been the effect on Europe if this officer
had fired on his own responsibility ? WM. FARREN (DIED 1800), COMEDIAN.--An
C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. entry in the parish register of Lymington, Hants,
Longford, Coventry. records the burial, in 1800, of William Farren, " belonging to Stratford's company of Comedians." “SECOND SIGHT.”-A neighbour told me the Was be related in any way to the better known other day that he had written a letter without actor, of both names, who died in 1861, aged glasses” within a week of his ninetieth birthday. seventy-five?
DANIEL HIPWELL, He had got what he called bis "second sight." 27, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
When I asked what this meant, I was told that
many persons whose sight fails as they grow old, SOURCE OF QUOTATION WANTED.-Can any if they only live long enough, find it to a great reader of N. & Q. kindly inform me where the extent come back to them. This is called their following is to be found ?“second sight.” Is the term used in this sense “No memory is so short as political memory; the anywhere else ; and is there any truth in the belief party that can rely upon forgetfulness need not troubleof the return of sight! It is, I find, common here. itself with repentance or conversion.”
C. O. B. I give the quotation from memory; but I think Epworth.
it is reproduced with substantial accuracy. I Dallom-Lee.-Reflecting on the destruction of they occur in an article from his pen in the
believe the words are Mr. Gladstone's, and that English nobility at Bannockburn, and the pro- Nineteenth Century somewhere about the year spective dearth of sportsmen thence accruing, 1880. I have, however, been unable to find them. Scott writes thus in the Lord of the Isles,'vi, xxiii.:
KING's BENCH WALK.
QUADRUPLE BIRTHS. -The following is from Will some reader kindly state where Dallom- the Birmingham Daily Post of Feb. 16. I have Lee is, and why it is thus distinguished ? Per- not access at present to indexes of the older series haps some one will also say who Sanzavere was, of 'N. & Q.,' and do not know whether any similar mentioned in stanza xxv. of the
records occur, but this seems worth preserving :
THOMAS BAYNE. "On Monday the wife of a workman at Sittingbourne Helensburgh, N.B.
gave birth to four children-three girls and a boy-who
lived twenty-four hours, and died on Tuesday. The Tippins.—May I beg to ask if any of your parents, who have not long been married, before the numerous correspondents could tell me what the infants died had five children, all of them having been crest and motto is (also coat of arms, if any) of with, with a view of obtaining the
born in a year. The Queen has been communicated the Tippins family? Also may I ask if any one could inform me whence the name, if it is British, being produced at one birth?
Is there any record of more than four children
R. HUDSON. originated ?
A. LEWIS. Long Family.-Would any of your correspond
ENGLISH ACTRESS IN PARIS.-Voltaire says, ents inform me whether Walter Long, of South in his essay on Ancient and Modern Tragedy, Wraxhall
, Wilts, who died 1807, left any issue, and that “La principale actrice de Londres" was whether any of his sisters were ever married ?
present at the first performance of his Sémiramis" GEORGE LONG.
at Paris on Aug. 29, 1748. Was this Mrs. Cibber,
Peg Woffington, or any other great English actress SIR GEORGE CAUDLEIGA, THIRD BARONET.
LITERATUS. Wotton and Burke both say that in addition to George, the fourth baronet, and Thomas, father
SIR HENRY LANGFORD, BART.-Under this of the fifth, and Elizabeth (who was convicted of heading a query occurs in 'N. & Q.,' 3rd S. i. 12, bigamously marrying the second and last Duke of and a reply at p. 155 of same volume, from which Kingston during the lifetime of her husband, who it appears that Sir Henry was High Sheriff of became third Earl of Bristol), had other issue. Devon in the reign of George I.; that he purchased Can any one give particulars of these children, the manor of Kings Kerswell in 1710, and left it evidently daughters, and what became of them
to his relative Thomas Brown ; that he was buried J. G. G. H.
in a vault beneath the communion table in Kings
Kerswell Church ; and that his arms were Paly of “CURATION.”—The enclosed entry I find in six or and gu., on a chief of the first a lion passant "The Pontefract Act Book':
gardant of the second. As the baronetcy is not "3 October, 1712.-Curation of the person and portion mentioned in the 1845 edition of Burke's "Extinct of Marie Vanner alias Morkill daughter of Anne
Vanner Baronetage,' or in Solly's Titles of Honour' of Darrington dioc. of York decd. [defuncte] commission (1880), I venture to ask if there is any proof of the was granted to John Vanner."
title of baronet having been conferred on Sir Some of your readers may throw light on its Henry; and, if so, for
any genealogical details which meaning.
R. F. WOOD.
it might be thought desirable to offer for incorporaFulford, York.
tion in the next edition of the 'Extinct Baronet. age' when it appears.
SIGNA. FOLK-TALE.—When does the popular story of the land where roast pigs run about with knives ANECDOTE OF QUEEN VICTORIA.-Most of and forks stuck in them, crying " Come eat me," Her Majesty's subjects, I suppose, have heard the first occur in English literature i Is it of foreign story, reported as told by Baroness Lebzen, of the origin ; and, if so, what is its descent in French, Queen's discovery, when ten years old, of her German, Italian, or Spanish ? B. L. R. O. nearness to the throne-how she gave her hand
to her governess, saying, "I will be good," and
ACCURATE LANGUAGE. that of a child of ten years ; but if the original
(8th S. iii. 104, 196.) language be German, that is easily explained. Of course I agree with MR. E. Peacock's sensible The "cousins" are a much more unaccountable remarks on the use of language which, though not element. The Queen was ten years of age in May, now consistent with scientific accuracy, was used 1829, when her cousin Augusta was aged less than by the men of old to express the apparent beseven, and her cousin Mary was aged nothing; haviour of phenomena, and cannot now be altered. Either Baroness Lebzen's memory strangely failed There are many such examples, not only in the her, or Her Majesty must have been a youthful language of everyday life, but also in the termino. prophetess of no mean order, if she were able to logy of science. For example, when a certain gas foresee the name and style of education of a cousin was first discovered, and was found to form acids who was not born till four years after her remark in combination with certain others bodies, such as was made. Can any one tell us the facts of the carbon, sulphur, &c., Lavoisier supposed it to be case ?
HERMENTRUDE. the principle of acidity, and hence named it oxygen, A BELT GIVEN TO INDIANS.—A letter from or the generator of acid. But when Davy proNew Jersey, dated Oct. 28, 1758, states that at a duced an acid (the bydrochloric) that contained no "meeting of the warrior Indians, peace was oxygen, it was too late to change the word for a solemnly ratified by a large piece of belt, which more expressive one, although great improvements was delivered by the two governors to the Con- in chemical nomenclature were being made, and federate chiefs, and by them hadded round to all have continued to be made ever since. Novertheless the Indians present......and his excellency
Governor is a compound named gallic acid produced from
certain eccentricities remain. For example, there Bernard gave a large belt to the Confederate chiefs, to be a perpetual memorial that the province of put-galls. A French chemist discovered in the New Jersey was now wholly discharged from all decomposition of this
compound another acid, and, Indian claims" (' Annual Register,' ii. 58). Why wanting a name for it, he took the French word a "belt" ?
galle, and spelt it backwards, thus forming ellag-ic
acid. THEODOR KÖRNER.—Will some one kindly tell But the words in common uso complained of in me where I can purchase the following works my former notè form no part of the idiom of our relating to the young soldier poet of Germany ? noble language, but are examples of the slovenly (1) The Life and Works of Charles Theodor mode in which it is often used in the ordinary Körner,' Glasgow, 1824. (2) 'The Life of Carl speech of everyday life, as well as in writing and Theodor Körner, written by his father, with in reading aloud. The reason for this state of Selections of bis Poems, Tales, and Dramas. By things I proposed to consider on a future occasion, G. S. Richardson. 2 vols., 1827. Replies may, which, with the Editor's permission, I now proceed for convenience sake, be sent to me direct. I may to do, at least so far as those reasons commend add that I have searched in vain for these works themselves to my judgment. for a considerable time. RICHARD EDGCUMBE. The causes which led to the depreciation of our 2, Reichs Strasse, Dresden.
language among all classes are various; but the Erasmus LLOYD.-I shall be very grateful to attached to the dead languages in education.
chief among them has been the supreme importance any of your readers for information about Erasmus Lloyd, who was harpist to King George III.; at When men began to open their eyes after the what period of his reign I am unable to state. intellectual sleep of the dark ages, they had only He had an extensive estate, in some part of Wales, a rade kind of literature of their own, but they and died, leaving a fortune extending over six became conscious of the existence of certain perfect figures. I cannot find any record touching upon
models of style that the ancients had left, and harpists, and am at a loss how
to gain the informa- which the bigotry of the monks had not succeeded tion I seek in your journal.
in entirely exterminating. The first intellectual
awakening was in Italy, in what is known as the A CURIOUS OLD Book.—What is known about Renaissance, or new birth, which was begun by the authorship of a curious controversial treatise Dante and ended with Petrarcb. This brought entitled, “The old-fashion Farmer's motives for the Latin language into favour, and the love of its leaving the Church of England and embracing the best forms gradually spread over Europe. It had Roman Catholic Faith'? It has no publisher's or never become a really dead language, seeing that even printer's name, but only the date 1778 on it was perpetuated in the services of the Church, its title-page.
E. WALFORD, M.A. and practised in the scriptoria of the monasteries. Ventnor.
The Church, however, did not preserve or cultivate