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years ago, in J. J. Hofmann's ‘Lexicon Universale' Jobo Richter, tried in 1794, with Hardy and (Basile, 1677), s.v. “ Bernardus." The passage Horne Tooke, for high treason, Benry Richter and concluaes with the words : “Nullos habuit præ- Wm. Woodburne, artists, and Alexander Copland, ceptores præter quercus et fagos. Hinc proverb: government contractor for buildings. Liston, Neque enim Bernardus vidit ompia." I admit the comedian, was also for a time connected with that I omitted to give this reference in 1889; but the establishment, either as master or assistant. that, to a student who is always learning, is a long Raimbach died at Greenwich on Jan. 17, 1843. WALTER W. SKEAT. It may be of interest to add that the inscription
on a tombstone in Hendon Churchyard, co. Middle*From OXFORD TO Rome'(8th S. iii. 207, 272).— sex, furnishes the information that his father, Mr. MR. REDFORD'S query about this book is not per: Peter Raimbacb, late of the parish of St. And, fectly correct in its statements. He
it Westminster, died December 16, 1805, aged sixtywas published anonymously in 1847, at the time
two. Martha, his mother, who survived her of the famous Oxford Tracts." He is correct as to husband, died January 27, 1807, aged sixty-five, the date of its publication, but the Oxford Tracts and lies buried in the same place (begun in 1833) came to an end in February, 1841,
DANIEL HIPWELL. and Newman, their chief promoter, joined the
17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. Church of Rome in 1845. The book was one of two or three written by persons who had been LINES BY TENNYSON (gib S. iii. 269).-J. D. is ardent admirers of Newman in the early days of evidently thinking of the Tract movement, and who bad been shocked
Ring sudden laughters of tbe jay, and alienated from the Tractarian party by what the last line of the fourth stanza in the poem 'To they considered his betrayal of them. The two - published in 'Poems,' 1833, p. 2. In the works which had by far the largest circulation of volume of Selections,' 1865, two of the original this class were 'From Oxford to Rome,' and seven stanzas were restored (with alterations) and * Hawkstone,' by the Rev. W. Sewell. This last five in the Library Edition, 1872, vol. i. p. 97. The raised very fierce accusations on both sides.
poem now commences Mr. REDFORD has been rigbtly informed that
My life is full of weary days, the “authoress made a recantation.” I could easily and the above-mentioned line runs give him the dates if I were able to go to a library; but I am at present confined to my study. The first
Ring sudden ecritches of the jay. 6 recaptation was the publication of a second
The article in the Quarterly Review, 1833, p. 81 book, called . Rest in the Church,' the gist of which (probably written by J. G. Lockhart), remarks iu was that, though it would be unwise for any a bantering strain :member of the Church of Eogland to go over to "Laughter, the philosopbers tell us, is the attribute of Rome, yet that one who had done so, could not man--but as Shakspeare found 'tongues in trees and revert without apostasy. This, of course, did not merely with humán susceptibilities but buman functions
sermons in stoner,' this true poet endows all nature, not satisfy the Roman Catholics, and she published the jay laughs, and we find, indeed, a little further on, a letter in the newspapers, and said, “ Í bitterly that the woodpecker laughs also." regret the publication of my book, and wish I
RALPH T. BRADBURY. could recall it."
W. BENHAM. Redhill, 32, Finsbury Square.
VOLE (8th S. iii. 187, 274).- I have to thank ABRAHAM RAIMBACH (81d S. iii. 126).— It would your correspondents who have replied to my appear from the privately printed_Memoirs and inquiry as to tbe etymology of this word. At the Recollections of the late Abraham Raimbach, Esq., same time I must point out that none of them has Eograver,' edited by his son, M. T. S. Raimbach, offered a satisfactory solution. The derivation from M.A., 41o., Lood., 1843, that he was born in "wold,” a field or plain, is analogous to that of Cecil Court, St. Martin's Lane, Westminster, on mole,” wbich is undoubtedly a contraction from Feb. 16, 1776. His father, a native of Switzer- “mold warp," but then there are in proof of that land, who came to England at the early age of the Middle English moldwerp and the Icelandic twelve, and never afterwards quitted it, married the moldvarpa, besides Shakespeare's “mold warp " daughter of a Warwickshire farmer of the name of (* 1 Henry IV.,' III. i. 149), whereas “wold-mouse" Butler, descended by the female side, as was sup- has not been shown ever to bave been in use, posed, from the Burbages of Shakespeare's time. though" field-vole" and " bank-vole" are common
Raimbach was privately educated at Highgate, terme. MR. WALLER is good enough to refer me and afterwards entered the Library School of St. to Webster's 'Dictionary'; but the derivation from Martin-in-the-Fields, under the mastership of Mr. French voler, to steal, is absolutely unsupported by Pownall. Here he had for schoolfellows Henry any evidence ; it is mere guess-work, a pursuit Winchester, afterwards Lord Mayor of London, any one can follow, if so disposed, for himself. Charles Mathews and Wm. Lovegrove, actors, Obviously, that is the meaning of a "vole” at écarté. What I desire to obtain is evidence of the Waterings." It is needless to say that there is earliest use and forms of this word expressing the no real connexion between the names “ St. Thomas genus Arvicola. HERBERT MAXWELL. Aquinas” and “St. Thomas à Waterings,” though
the shadowy verbal connexion gave occasion for St. Jeron (8th S. iii. 129).—No doubt St. the display of that kind of conventional wit which Iero is meant. The 'Acta Sanctorum,' under has sometimes found its exercise in places having date of Ang. 17, will probably give all that is
significant names. known about him. I have a note to the effect Ben Jonson, quoted by Mr. Wheatley and Dr.
I may give one example from that he was a native of Scotland and a priest, and Nares : that he was killed in Holland in the ninth century
He may perhaps take a degree at Tyburn by the Normans, one of whom ran a sword through A year the earlier; come to read a lecturo his neck. His attribute is a falcon. L. L. K.
Upon Aquinas at St. Thomas å Wateringe,
And so go forth a laureat in hemp-circle. Tag CATALOGUE OF BOOKSELLERS' CATALOGUES
The New Inn,'i, 3. (gth S. iii. 208). — The Birmingham Reference The actual locality is thus defined in Ogilby's Library has given special attention to booksellers' Traveller's Guide': “There at 14 mile leaving catalogues and auction sales. One hundred and the town cross a brook called St. Thomas Waterfourteen separate entries (often in several volumos) ing." In later surveys it is marked at the two include catalogues wbich are "curious or valu. miles. Io Carey's map of fifteen miles round able as illustrating prices, classification, &c.” A London, A.D. 1786, at the two-mile stone on the large and lofty room is nearly filled with biblio- Old Kent Road appears Waterings Bridge, a graphy, including 180 entries of " Sale Catalogues survival of the old dame. At the present day of Important and Interesting Collections, often (see the Post - Office London Directory') at with Prices and Purchasers' Names." ESTE. No. 322 in the Old Kent Road we have a public
house called the “ Thomas à Beckett," which proSt. Thomas OF WATERINGS (8th S. iii. 249) | bably marks the historic site. The house stands took its name from a chapel dedicated to St. At the corner of the Arundel Road from which St. Thomas of Canterbury, situated by a small brook Thomas's Road branches out. Those who know which bere crossed the Old Kent Road, exactly the locality will be able to say whether it corat the second milestone of later days. It was the responds with the site of the old two-mile stone. first stage out of London for the convoy of pilgrims
EDMUND VENABLES. bound to the sbrine of St. Thomas, where they made their first halt and watered their horses. Burke's Landed Gentry,' Mr. Walter Long, of
Walter LONG (81b S. iii. 207). — According to HERMENTRODE will doubtless remember that it is here that Chaucer makes the host " " his hors Muchelney, Somerset (who is, I suppose, the same arest,” and propose that the pilgrims should person after whom MR. G. Deeks inquires), died “draw cuts " who should tell the first tale :
uomarried, He had five half-sisters, two of whom And forth we riden a litel more than pas,
died unmarried ; ope married, but died sine prole; Unto the watering of Seiot Thomas,
two more married, but as to the children of one of It was the ordinary place for executions for the these Burke is silent ; but the eldest, Philippa, who county of Surrey, as Tyburo was for Middlesex, and « left issue." For these Mr. Deeks will have to
married Grove, of Fern House, Wilts, he tells us abuodant references to it in this character appear search the pedigree of that family, now represented in our old dramatists and other early writers, a selection from which is given in Nares's Glogo by Sir Thos. Grove, Bart., of Fern.
E. WALFORD, M.A. sary' and Wheatley's 'London, New and Old.'
Ventnor. Mr. Wheatley gives a curious instance of a recarrence to the old form by Sir John Campbell ALDERMAN CURTIS (8th S. iii. 185). — PROF. (afterwards Lord Chaocellor) in 1834, when Tomlinson asks whether there is any physioAttorney-General
, to prevent the defeat of justice logical reason for the very common omission and tbrough' a squabble between the sheriffs of the misuse of this letter in London and Wiltshire. county and of the city of Chester as to wbo was I doubt whether it is more frequently misused to carry a sentence of execution into effect. Camp- there than here. It was a Yorkshireman that I bell "boldly adopted a form of proceeding which heard some time since recite,had not been resorted to for many ages," bad the
From Greenland's hicy mountains, convicts brought before the King's Bencb, by the
From Hindia's coral strand, judges of which court they were ordered to be
Where Hafric's sunny fountains, &c. executed at St. Thomas à Waterings, in the As regards its omission, which is comparatively horough of Southwark. Gerard records in his a venial offence, is it not a fact that speech * Herbal' his finding water plants “in the ditch generally is softer in the South, and that a softer right against the place of execution at the end of speech naturally tends to the omission of the Southwarke, nere London, called St. Thomas aspirate ? This I understand to be the reason wby,
as Marsh notes in his ' Lectures,' the h bas dis- which formed partof the screen of “the Choir”—that appeared from the speech of Southern Europe. It is to say, of the only part of the church used for is suggested that perhaps the board schools will worship-that “Madam Sarah Ellys built the lofts correct our speech in these particulars. I doubt it. in the north aisle at her own charge, for bachelors Marsh thinks the h will ultimately be lost to sit in.”
St. SWITHIN. altogether.
C. C. B. Epworth.
A parish book of Eastbourne records that
“1703, August 8. A vestry orders the churchwardens When a boy I was sailing past Stromboli at night, to prosecute certain persons for misbebaviour in church. watching the fire of the volcano, when a sailor told It is aleo stated that a gallery was lately erected at the me that it was well known that the ship's crew of west end of the church, for young men and bachelors.”. a man-of-war saw the devil carrying a sack up the
Sussex Arch. Colls., 'xiv. 133. mountain and throwing out of it into the crater
EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. a man called Sir William Curtis. A few months
The Braesey Institute, Hastings. after, when repeating this story in England, “TO TAREEP” (8th S. ii. 325, 452, 491; iii. 53, gentleman said:
114).— Will your correspondent at the last reference " That is true. Curtis was a contractor for the navy, pardon me if I point out that there is no such book and any shortcomings in victuals or stores were laid to his as Glossographia Anglicum Novo'? What such account. He was, therefore, unpopular with sailors ; and the story of his being thrown into Stromboli was
a title could mean it is impossible to say. The same repeated on the authority of a captain and crew of a man- title appears subsequently at p. 133, col. 1, hence of-war. Curtis brought an action against the captain, the reason for my correction. I thought that the and the case was tried for defamation of character, title as first given might be a misprint ; its re
If so, there be must be some report of such a appearance forbids the thought. I have a copy of trial. Can any one say if there was a trial ? the book dated 1707, and its title is ‘Glosso
graphia Anglicana Nova.' (The story is wrongly told of Alderman Curtis. See
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Old Booty. 4th S. v. 31, 79, 185, 305; • Booty's Ghost,' 5th S. ii. 508; iii. 20.]
POISONING BY ARSENIC (8th S. iii. 189). — There
was a remarkable trial for poisoning by arsenic in CAESNEY Family (86 S. ii. 387, 478 ; iii. 58, Scotland in the last century, which I only know by 135, 214).-PROF. SKEAT at the last reference the report in the 'Annual Register,' that of Lieut. derives the family name of Chesney from Fr. Patrick Ogilvy and Mrs. Catherine Ogilvy, otherchênaie, an oak plantation, chênaie from Lat. wise Nairne, for the murder of Thomas Ogilvy, *quercinētum, and chêne, an oak, from Lat. *quer brother of the former and husband of the latter. cinum. In the first place, I would point out that They were convicted, and Lieut. Ogilvy was chênaie does not correspond exactly to the Latin banged, but Mrs. Ogilvy escaped from prison after forms quoted by Prof. Skrat, De Cayneto, De giving birth to a child. Judging from the report Kaisneto, Do Chaisneto, as chênaie is evidently in the Annual Register,' the case was very weak. of the feminine gender; it cannot, therefore, be Can any reader state what became of Mrs. the original of the name Chesney, the derivative Ogilvy and the child, who was probably legitimate of the above Latin forms. Secondly, may I (she was convicted of incest as well as murder) point out that a popular Latin type *quercinum and the rightful heir to the estate ? could not possibly become chêne in modern French? The case of a girl named Eliza Fenning created The O.F. forms of chêne are chesne, chaisne, caisne, a great sensation early in the present century. pointing to a popular Latin type *caxanum. In She was accused, I think, only of attempting to the third place, querc'num could not have been re- murder, which was then a capital offence. She presented by an O.F. caisne, as ro'n could never have was convicted and hanged, notwithstanding a become sn; compare popular Latin circinum, which very general belief in her innocence. There was a became in French cerine, cerne, the r remaining. public funeral, attended by a vast concourse of Fourthly, a Latin que- could never have given a persons. A somewhat remarkable trial took place French word beginning with ch.
in Styria a little over forty years ago, when a girl A. L. MAYHEW. was acquitted of poisoning an officer with arsenic.
The defence turned on the prevalence of arsenicBACHELORS' DOOR OR PORCH (8th S. ii. 208). eating in Styria, which it appeared ended fatally -At Grantham, Lincolashire, down to the time ' in many cases--more especially with girls, who took when St. Wolfram's Church was restored, some- it in considerable quantities to improve their looks thing liko five-and-twenty years ago, the free and complexion. One remarkable fact given in sittings for men were in pews on the north side of evidence was that the sudden cessation of arsenicthe middle alley and those for women on the south. ; taking produced symptoms similar to those of In 1806, according to Turnor, the best-known his poisoning by arsenio. The question whether Mr. torian of the town, it was recorded on a panel Maybriek was an arsenie-eater seems worthy of more consideration than it received, though the In the case of Dr. Alexander, published in Med. overdose which he took on the first day of bis Times and Gazette, April 18, 1857, death did not illness seems to bave been of some medicine which occur until the sixteenth day; and, although it was included strychnine. The defence of arsenic- known a large quantity of arsenic had been taken, taking was, I believe, also set up for Madame done was found in the body after death. Laffarge in Paris.
M. In Taylor (* Manual of Med. Jurisprudence,' See Forensic Medicine,' by Drs. Guy and Hospital, in October, 1847, is reported as occurring Ferrier, p. 458, where,
seven days after swallowing 220 grains of arsenic. “ the reader is referred to the following cases: Messrs. Turner and Mr. Gadsden, poisoned by Eliza Fenning, in
Some interesting cases of suspected arsenical Mr. Marshall's Remarks on Arsenic "; those of the poisoning (bomicidal) may be found in Caspar's Mitchells, reported by Mr. Alexander Murray, in the Forensic Medicine,' N. Syd. Society's edition, Edin. Med. and Surg. Journal, vol. xviii. p. 167; and vols. i. and ii. Among other celebrated arsenicthree cases given by Mr. Alexander McLear, in the same poisoning cases were those of Eliza Fenning, 1815 journal, vol. xv. p. 533."
(banged), and of Thom, both reported in Sir The same useful manual states that, before the R. Christison's work on 'Poisons' (1832), where, passing of the Act 14 Vict., xiii.," arsenous acid also, many other cases are noted. Of modern caused 34 in 100 of all the deaths by poison ; instances was the woman Cotton. But any good after it, the proportion fell to 1 in 10.". And were modern manual of jurisprudence or toxicology will not the chambre ardente, and the trial of Brin- contain mapy reports of such crimes. The reports of villiers, and her succession powders, episodes in such cases abound in instances of conflict of medical the history of this poison?
evidence, even in cases where, as in Mrs. MayEDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. brick's, there was really no room for reasonable Cases of arsenic poisoning-criminal, accidental, doubt of the prisoner's guilt. acute, and chronic-abound. Iodeed, it is one of
So far from arsenic being a poison often emthe commonest forms of poisoning. It would not ployed by members of the medical profession for be difficult to fill a number of N. & Q.' with homicidal purposes, it is essentially one avoided details of cases of this kind. I, however, give by them, and patronized by laymen and women, references to a few such, which may help J. W. in for the reason that it is cheap, of slow action, and his search.
easily procurable, and, as is unknown to the latter 'An Account of several Cases of Poisoning with class, as easily, for the most part, detected on Arsenic,' by Sir R. Cbristison, in Edinburgh analysis. Since the days of aqua tofana (a Medico-chirurgical Transactions, 1826, ii. 273. solution of arsenic) it has remained a popular Account of a late Remarkablé Trial for Poison. criminal drug.
W. Sykes, F.S.A. ing with Arsenic' (the notorious Wooler case), by
RELICS OF OUR LORD AND ROD OF MOSES Sir R. Christison, in Edin. Med. Journal, 1855-6, (gen S. iii. 169).-In Dr. John Smith's edition of i. 625, 707, 759. In 'Paris and Fonblanque's Medical Juris- (Cantab., 1722) there is given an index of the
Beda's Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum' prudence,' London, 1823, 3 vols., there are mode- relics belonging to the Cathedral Church of rately full reports of the following cases of arsenic Durbam, printed from a MS. list bearing, date poisoning:
A.D. 1372. In this list mention is made of 1. The Nicholls, at Alford. Here the only member of the family who died, William, lived pars virge Moysi.” There is no record of hairs of
our Lord, but a number of relics more or less six days after taking the one fatal dose adminis- directly connected with Him are mentioned. tered. The poisoning was bomicidal, done by a There are fragments :brother-in-law (pot a medical man), who afterwards confessed his guilt (ii. 191).
"De petra super quam natus fuit, de præsepio (4), d6
cunabulo, de circumcisione, de lapidibus trans Jordanem, 2. Ogilvy and Nairne, for poisoning Thomas de Querentayn, de pane verso in lapidem, de lapide in Ogilvy (ii. 184, note).
quo scripsit, de Monte Thabor, de Monte Oliveti, de 3. Mary Blandy, tried (and condemned) at Ox. templo D'ni, de palma D’ni, de Vage in quo lavabantur ford, 1752, for poisoning her father (iii., appendix, dixit
, de lapide super q'm sedebat in Pretorio, de columna 236).
ad q'm ligatus fuit, do sudario, de tunica, de spongia (2) 4. Robert Sawle Donsall, surgeon, &c., for the de Monte Calvarie (2), de lapido super q'm crucifixus murder of his mother-in-law, Mrs. Elizabeth Down- est, de ligno (4), de sepulchro (7), do petra super q'm ing. Tried at Launceston, March 31, 1817 (iii., ascendit
, de throno ubi sedebat Jesus cum xii. discipulis.” appendix, 277).
There were also “spina Coronæ ” and “particula In the above case of Mr. Blandy, poisoned by Crucis (2)." his own daughter, as above mentioned, he survived Hairs of many saints are mentioned, although the administration of the first dose of poison nine done of our Lord occur. Thus we have, days.
fiola cristallina cum capillis et peplo sancte Marie
Magdalene"; and hair of the same saint is pre- oral anthority for the expression leads me to think served, with other relics, “in duabus bursis cum that he has got hold of a perversion of a phrase uno signo de albo velvetto.”
familiar to me from childhood, and derived pro“In bursa cum scutis varii coloris," along with bably from some old play, viz., “Keep your eye other small matters, are contained some hairs of on the corporal.”
F. ADAMS. Abbat Bernard ; and, “in fiola cristallina ornata 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E. argento," some further hairs of the abbat are men
TAE CELEBRATED WAITE (86h S. iii. 228).-In tioned, along with other small relics. There are algo "de capillis Sancti Bartholomei eremite de 1856 a George Waite was living at No. 2, Old Farne," three portions " de capillis et barba S. And at No. 3 in the same street and date lived
Burlington Street, described as “surgeon dentist,” Godrici, de capillis venerabilis Roberci de Stan
Charles Waite. This information is taken from hope, de capillis Sancti Boysili Presbyteri in una cistula eburnea"; and, lastly “
the ‘Post-Office Directory.' EMILY COLE. cum multis aliis
Teignmouth. que continentur in una alba cistulâ ligatâ cum srecalco [sic], de capillis plurimorum sanctorum.” If Waite died in 1820, as would seem to be
In natural connexion with these bairs of the the case from MR. EOGCUMBE's extracts, the name saints, we find their combs also preserved. There was still to be found in Boyle's 'Court Guide' for are three in the Durham collections—Malachie 1830, at 2, Old Burlington Street. The house Archiepiscopi, of St. Boisil (preserved in a black must have been, therefore, kept on for business case), and an ivory comb of St. Dunstan, "in una purposes, since if Waite married in 1819 he could bursa serici varii colorig." JOANSON BAILY. not have been succeeded by a son at that period. Ryton Rectory.
George Waite, Dentist,” is how he stands in In the first line of the Latin quotation, “bo'i- Boyle, and there were two more of the same trade ” is simply hominem.
in the street. It is also interesting to note the E. WALFORD, M.A.
varied class of residents in the Old Burlington Ventnor.
Street of that period, as, besides the three dentists, [The apostrophe is used by us in place of the sign of
there was a chiropodist, a solicitor, a counsellor, contraction.]
& royal navy captain, an honourable, a baronet,
& marquis, and two ladies whose doors had, I A PREPUSITION FOLLOWED BY A CLAUSE (8th fancy, the legend“ apartments "over the fanlights. S. ii. 488 ; iii. 112).-One must agree in the main
JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BORTON. with all that ADAMANT says. There is no excuse
Barnes Common, for these blunders of the prose writers ; but I want
THE POETS LAUREATE (8th S. ii. 385, 535; iii. to put in a plea for the two poets. First, they are 89, 131). -The librarian of the Brassey Institute, entitled to a prescriptive license to sail perilously Hastings, Mr. E. H. MARSHALL, M.A., a fauniliar near to the rock of error, and anything is excuse signature in N. & Q.,' reminds me that there was enough that will bring them off safely.
a Cibber buried at the Danish Church in WellConsider who the king your father gends.
close Square, after all. He, though, was Caius Now, in this, supposing the rhythm of the line (abriel, the father of the Laureate by his second to have permitted it, and that Sbakspere bad given wife, Jane Colley. Cibber père had a sort of preit to us thus: “Consider who it is that the king scriptive right to this burying-place, inasmuch as your father sends," I imagine that all objection be built the churcb, sumptibus Christian V., King would have been silenced. Do we not, and can we of Denmark, who, says the inscription over the not supply that mentally? Undoubtedly, who door, gave it for the use of the seamen and merdeclaims better than whom. The same applies to chants, his subjects, frequenting the port of LonByron's “Whom the gods love die young," and I don. Cunningham buries the Laureate there, as think ADAMANT admits as much. But for sound, as well as his father; and MR. HAMILTON, no correctness, and comprehension Byron would have doubt, thought Cunningham good enough to follow; done better, if I may venture to say so, if he had but Mr. Lloyd, of the Evening Post, probably written “ Those the gods love die young," for know better.
W. F. WALLER. every one would then have seen that whom was the missiog word. As it now is, perhaps only one in a
VALLANCE FAMILY (8th S. iii. 229). — It is not hundred can instantly supply those as the word improbable that the Topsham Vallances might required to complete the grammatical pbrase.
have been an offshoot of the Valence family of C. A. WARD.
Greysannor, Wilts. Francis Valence was of this Chingford Hatch, E.
place, 1623, according to the Visitation of that
date. The descent of this Francis Valence from “A FLY ON THE CORPORAL” (8th S. ii. 147). Robert le Galeys of 1225 can be furnished if V. - No reply to E. X.'s query baving appeared, wants it. The family bore Checky or sa. (or az.), the fact of your correspondent having none but on foss gules three leopards' heads cab. jessant de