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LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1893.
the park. Pitt immediately set to work and built
" the two wings of that great house which is CONTENT 8.-N° 64.
opposite to the bird-cages with the stairs and NOTES: - House of Judge Jeffreys. 201 - Warburton's tarrays, &c." Besides Pitt's we have also the
Shakespear, 203- Rev. John Blair, 2017 te Werisington's testimony of Sir William Harbord, Sir Henry * Alleged Decline of Science - Unstamped Newspapers, Fane, and others, that the two great wings stood * Tennysoniana'-A Vicar of Bray, 206—George Kirbye, 207.
on the king's ground, that is on the narrow strip QUERIES:- The King and Lord Bigod of Bungay'-'From of ground between the park and the Duke Street Oxford to Rome'-Walter Long-Oldest Tree Church by houses. This, as we shall prosently see, is an imBachelors Door-Sir James Sheppard – Gostling-Queen's portant piece of evidence towards identifying the Players—"Shall” or “ Wil”- Catalogue of Booksellers' exact site of Jeffroys's house. Catalogues - Hobby-horse, 208-Rousseau-J. J. Halls
The whole work was finisbed in about three or John Hughes-“Looking from under Brent Hill"-Reading Prayers-Feast of St. Michael—" Hospitale Conver- four months, and Jeffreys moved into the house. sorum"-Heraldic-Old Coin, 209.
Pitt baving thus done his duty under the agreeREPLIES :-Portraits as Book-plates, 210—Angelica Catalan ment, was anxious that Jeffreys
should perform his -Glass Eyes, 211-Cudham Church-Arabella Fermor
share of the bargain, but the grant was not forthBryan Tunstall-Commonplace Book, 212—Penal LawsD. Angelo—Thos. Gent—Foreign Parodies—" Zolaesque," coming, though Sir Christopher Wren had been 213-Blackball - Sedan-chair-Gladstone Bibliography, sent for and told to have the ground between
Harrowing of Hell"—Heraids Visitations-Tennyson Storey's and Webb's measured and a "platform" and The Gem'-Denton MSS.-Descendants of Thomas taken of it, and Jeffreys bad given instructions à Becket - John Palmer, 215 — Peg Woffington's Alms that the necessary deeds be prepared for the grant houses--Church House - Liston- Latreille-Dr. CrolyAmerican Cobblers— Becket' at the Lyceum, 216–Doctor to pass the great seal. As Pitt "lived just
Chandler — "Hariole" – Printers' against Jeffreys's door," he paid him frequent visits Errors - John Cutts --St. Victor, 217- Turner - Public and also wrote to him often to remind him of the Speaking—" He that runs, may read," 218.
grant, but would either receive empty promises or NOTES ON BOOKS :-Eltons' Great Book Collectors'• Book Prices Current'-Earwaker's 'Four Randle Holmes'
not be able even to see him. As time went on -Garbett's • Earl of Rosse's Argument.'
the rent became due, and was eventually halt a Notices to Correspondents.
year overdue, when Pitt made his final call, and found Jeffreys in the midst of his creditors, who
bad assembled at his invitation. As Kiog William Notes.
bad arrived in England, Pitt knew that Jeffreys was
not going to be Lord Chancellor long, and was JUDGE JEFFREYS'S HOUSE IN DUKE STREET. willing to lose the rent if Jeffreys would hand him (Continued from p. 162.)
over the promised grant. There was, however, a Pitt was just finishing his great house against the serious hitch. Sir Edward Hales, the same who bird-cages in the park, when the Lord Chancellor subsequently, went away” with King James, of evil fame came to Duke Street “bouse-bunting," informed the king of the little transaction between with Alderman Duncomb, the banker, and while the Lord Chancellor and the bookseller, and being looking over the said great bouse noticed the “idle a greater favourite with James than Jeffreys, prepiece of ground” between it and the park wall. vailed upon the king to grant him the land at the He took the house, and made an agreement with back of his house and the one next to his. The Pitt to the effect that Jeffreys was to “beg of King only consolation that Pitt received from his tenant James all the ground without the park wall be- was that he was going to leave him the bouse, and tween Webb's and Storey's inclusive" for ninety was not going to take either the ground or the nine years at a peppercorn rent, and was to make buildings away with him. His lordship, so far as over to Pitt the king's grant without any alteration, we know, did not condescend to explain where the with liberty to pull
down or build upon the park rent was to come from, or the money to indemnify wall, and to make a way and lights into the park, Pitt for the 4,000l. expended on buildings which in consideration of Pitt erecting certain building were little better than a white elephant to him, and or buildings for the Lord Chancellor, and his part of which stood on ground that did not belong enjoyment of them during bis occupation of the to Pitt, and about which he had no agreement. said great house. The buildings to be erected From the Treasury papers it appears that Pitt under the agreement were a cause room and offices, had ope Adriell Mill, a stationer, for his partner according to Pitt, or a "court room, vault, and in these building speculations, to whom he subother conveniences,” according to a Treasury paper. sequently parted with his interest. How their Accordingly a warrant was obtained from “ Mr. partnersbip came to grief and was speedily broken Cook out of the Secretary of State's office,” in the up is related by Pitt himself. It is also through Lord Chancellor's name, with the king's signature Pitt that we learn that about April, 1689, he let and seal, permitting to pull down the park wall, the big house vacated by Jeffreys to the three and to make a door, lights, and steps leading into Datch ambassadors who came over to England to
congratulate William and Mary upon their happy arrangements and contracts with adjoining owners accession to the throne.
and fix such rents as their lordships may approve The next piece of information about the house or direct. Grantee not to be allowed to build on is to be found in a petition of Sir William Turner, the land without a special licence from their lordKnt., William Carbonell, merchant, and Robert ships. A lease was passed to Sir Henry's trusteos, Scott, bookseller, on behalf of themselves and the Richard Kent and Thomas Musgrave, the grant rest of the creditors of Adriell Mill, in which we bearing date June 7, 1690. Joba Webb’s house, are told that the house formerly occupied by the bowever, was excepted from this grant, as was also late Lord Chancellor was originally built by Mill a small yard on the north side of bis house, being and Pitt, and that it was subsequently, with divers but a passage leading from the street into the other adjacent buildings, mortgaged by Mill, who bouse. In case Sir Henry were allowed to build bad since become bankrupt, to Sir Edmund Wise- on the land south of Webb's house, he was to leave man for 10,0001. They relate how the late Lord sufficient breadth for light. Chancellor had prevailed upon bis landlords to Having obtained this documentfrom the Treasury, erect additional buildings, for his sole convenience, Sir Henry Fano called upon the owner of Jeffroya's on a piece of ground belonging to the king, for the house to pay bim ground rent for the parcel of doing whereof the Lord Chancellor obtained a land upon which stood the two wings, but he warrant or licence, under the siga manual and "dispissed the same," alleging that he had a title signet of the late King James, promising to procure to the land and pretending
that the Crown bad no for them a lease of the ground from the Crown, power to grant a lease for the land. Sir Henry "but was prevented by the late bappy Revolution, ihereupon brought bis ejectment for the ground, although before the same happened the building and obtained a verdict in bis favour, " this term," was perfected," and cost nigh_3,0001. They i. e., Michaelmas, 1690, or Hilary or Easter term, further relate that Sir Henry Fane bad lately 1691, as Sir Henry refers to a Treasury Order of obtained a lease for the whole strip of ground Dec. 1, 1690. The liability of the house-owner to outside the park wall, and brought ejectments pay ground rent having thus been established in a against them for the parcel of land on which the law court, Sir Henry wishes the Lords of the Treatwo wings of Jeffreys's house stood, and given sury to fix the rate of the yearly rent, and, this being them notice of trial for the 18th inst. The petition granted, to allow him to make such benefit and aditself is not dated, but from a minute thereon we vantage of the ground in question as he shall from learn that it was referred to Sir William Harbord time to time be enabled to do. For the guidance of for his report on June 12, 1691. Petitioners their lordships, petitioner informs them that some further state that the house is not let for a penny of the worst part of the ground be bas demised at more rent than it was before those additional ten shillings per square foot, and that the two wings buildings were erected, and that they are entitled of the big house stand on the best part of the land. to the equity of redemption of the mortgaged pre- Sir William Harbord, in his report, dated mises, and have little more to depend on for the Jude 25, 1691, recommends that, as the owners of satisfaction of their just debts due from Mills (sic), Jeffreys's house have compelled petitioner to go amounting in all to about_30,0001. Hence to law, and by their refusal to come to terms have they petition the Lords of the Treasury to stop all involved him in heavy law expenses, some addition proceedings on the ejectment and to appoint a should be made to the rate of ten shillings per foot. short day for hearing all parties concerned. This, he adds, may seem to be a high rate, but it
Annexed thereto is Sir Henry Fano's petition is no more than what William Storey already pays and version of the affair, and Sir William Harbord's to Sir Henry, who has a contract with bim fors report. From these and some other documents it length of about forty-six feet of the ground next appears that Sir Henry Fane petitioned for a lease to the Long Ditcb, long made use of by Storey for of the whole length of ground between Webb's a small house and several sheds standing thereon and Storey's in March, 1689/90. His petition was and a passage out of it into the street, the said referred to Harbord, who reported thereon on the occupier paying Sir Henry 20l. per annum and for 22nd of the same month, valuing the ground rent a time 301., the rate being computed at ten sbillings at ten shillings per square foot, and thinking it per foot. The Surveyor-General adds that he
• very well worth” that rent. In Charles II.'s believes Storey and the owners of other adjacent time, several petitions were presented for the houses would be willing to give more than the samé piece of ground, and he at that time valued value of the ground between them and the park the ground ront at five shillings. The Lords of if Sir Henry demanded more. the Treasury, upon bis report, directed by several A minute records their lordships' decision. They warrants, dated April 25 and May 20, that the agree that Sir Henry may compound at ten shillings lease of the ground should be granted to Sir Henry for the improved ground, and five shillings for that for fifty years at six shillings and eightpence per which is not improved. It is the same old story. equare foot without fine, grantee to make such | Pitt improved the ground at his own expense, and
“bis executors, administrators, or assigos” were GLOBE EDITION.
WARBURTON MS. called upon to pay rent on the enhanced value of
Henry V. the property.
L. L. K.
Prologue, 16. Attest in Attest in little space a (To be continued.)
little place a million. million. Warburton antici.
pates Lettsom, and adde
explanatory note, “ for WARBURTON'S SHAKESPEAR.
if the true reading was
place instead of little place, (Continued from p. 142.)
propriety requires it should GLOBE EDITION. WARBURTON MS.
be filling place." Twelfth Nighl.
I. ii. .28. Oi lay these E'relay these bones. And bones.
Warburton MS. expl. note, III. iv. 242. But thy in- Warburton prints "in.
“1.6., we will undertake tercepler. terpreter," and corrects to
this exploit e're we will "interceptor.'
suffer ourselves to be forgot IV. i. 60. This ruffian This ruffian batb hatched
by attempting nothing." hath botched up. up:
II. Prol., 18. Honour Honour would thee dare. V. i. 36. Let your filesh Let your filesh and blood would thee do. and blood obey it.
II. i. 64. Doating death Glouling death is near. Winter's Tale.
is near. 1, ii. 113. From bounty, From bounty's fertile
V. ii. 155. Thine eye be Tbine eye be my book fertile bosom. bosom. Hanmer conj. aleo. thy cook,
And Warb. MS. expl. note. I. ii. 448. Be pilot to me Be pilot to me and thy
“i. e., that I may read thy and thy places shall.
Bentiments in thine ege." M8. nole added, “1.e., thou
V. ii. 162. To w00.
Henry VI., Part III.
V. vi. 47. The raven Warburton prints croak'd IV.i. 6. Leave the growth Warburton prints gulf rook'd her.
hoarse, hut restores rook'd untried. and corrects it to growth.
her in MS. IV. iv. 116. Your maiden- Your maidenheads Vlow
Richard III. heads growing. ing.
IV.iii. 43. Thriving wooer. Toriving widdower. IV. iv. 359. And handed And hended love as you IV. iv. 1. Prosperity Asperity begins to mel. love as you do. do. Warburton M8. note begins to mellow.
low. adds, “ dallied with my mis- V. v. 28. Divided in their Devised in their dira tress." dire divizion.
division. M8. expl. note, IV. iv. 411, Dispute his Dispose his own estate,
“i. e., produced.” own estate. Also Collier MS.
Henry VIII. IV. iv, 578. Undream'd Undeemed sbores. War.
Prol., 8. They may believe. They may receive. MS. shores, burton in MS. explains
expl uoto, " i.e., cut of hope tbis as untried.
that it is not thrown away." V. i. 160. His tears pro- His tears proclaimed at
Prol., 21. To make that To make that only truth claimed his, parting with parting with her. So also only true we now inlend. hor. Heath conj.
we now altempl. M8. expl.
note, “Besides forfeiting V. iii. 57, 53. Image Image, For the stone is
the opinion we have gain'd could......mine. mine, would thus have
of being able to illustrato wrought you, &c.
the truth which we have King John.
here attempted to repre1. i. 153. Sir Robert's Sir Robert's eldest son. wife's eldest son,
1. ii. 74. Chronicles of my Chroniclers of my doing. IV. iii. 71. Till I have Till I have set a glory to doing. get a glory to this hand. this head. Su Farmer also
I. ii. 203, &c. Surv. After King (contd.). After the conj. the duke, &c.
Surv. He stretch'd him, Richard II.
&c. III. ii. 212. Hath some Hath some hope to sow. II, i. 60. Co bome and Go bome and love me. hope to groro.
MS. expl, note, “i.e., my iv. i. 155. That in com. That in th'Commons' view.
Troilus and Cressida. V. iii, 116. Long'd to hear Long'd to hear the word.
1. iji. 161. At this fusty At this rusty stuff.
stuff. Henry IV., Part I.
I. iii, 238. Jove's accord. Jove's own bird. M8. V. ii. 8. Suspicion all our Suspicion shall be still
expl. note, “the Jove's lives shall be stuck full of stuck full of eyes.
accord' is sense and may eyes.
mean by Jove's leave or V. ii. 33, Suoming mercy. Seemly mercy.
approbation." Part II.
Romeo and Juliet. I. ii. 277. I will turn It will turo diseases.
III. v. 84. And yet no And yet no man like him. diseases.
man like he. II. ii. 60, 61, Prince. It Poins (contd.). It would
NORMAN BENNET. would be every man's be every man's thought. Trinity College, Cambridge, thought; and thou art, &c. P. Hen. Thou art, &c.
(To be conlinued.)
The SOLAR ECLIPSE OF SEPTEMBER 3, B.C. from these marriages, one of the younger was John 404.—This eclipse is of great interest in chrono- Blair, the subject of this notice. He received his logy (though not much notice of it has been education at Edinburgh, where he was contemporary taken), as it fixes the correspendence between the with Hugh Blair, his celebrated namesake of Greek Olympiads and the years as reckoned from another family. He is said to have come to Lonthe date originally ( bough incorrectly) assumed don in company with Andrew Henderson, a as that of the birth of Christ. The eclipse in voluminous writer, who kept a bookseller's shop question was appular, and as the central line in Westminster Hall and was usher in a school in passed, according to modern calculations, over the Hedge Lane. In this latter post Blair succeeded northern part of the Balkan peninsula, it must him, and while so engaged received in 1751, from have been very large in Greece. There is no reason, the University of Aberdeen, the degree of LL.D., therefore, to doubt that it was the one mentioned and in 1754 published the work which made him by Xenophon, in the second book of the 'Hellenics,' famous, The Chronology and History of the as having occurred in the autumn of the year (he World from the Creation to the Year of Christ calls it the next year, because the Attic year began 1753.' This work met with a very flattering at midsummer) in which Lygander took Athens in reception, and soon after its appearance Blair was, the spring, and thus brought to a conclusion the in January, 1755, elected a Fellow of the Royal first Peloponnesian war. He also tells us that Society. In 1756 be published a second edition this was an Olympiad year, which proves that these of his Chronology'; and on Nov. 20 of the same festivals were held in B.C. dates at even multiples year he was inducted to the rectory of Burton of four years. The Olympiad in question must Coggles, in Lincolnshire. In 1757 he was aphave been the ninety-fourtb, and it fell, as is pointed chaplain to the Princess Dowager of fixed by the eclipse, on B.C. 404, which was ninety- Wales, and mathematical tutor to H.R.II, the three complete Olympiads, or 372 years, after that Duke of York. In 1761, March 10, he was apin B.c. 776, which is reckoned as the first. pointed to a prebendal stall in Westminster
It is well known that great trouble has been Abboy; on March 16 to the vicarage of Hinckley, given to chronologists by the statement of Hero- in Leicestershire ; and in the course of the year dotus that an obscuration of the sun occurred received the degree of M. A. from Cambridge whilst Xerxes was at Sardis on_his expedi- University, and was elected F.S.A. His residence tion for the invasion of Greece. For the year at these livings, which he held together by diswas in all probability B.C. 480, and no eclipse pensation, was only occasional, his other duties occurred that year exceptiog one (when the sun keeping him for the most part in London. In was rather more than half eclipsed) on Oct. 2. September, 1763, he accompanied bis royal pupil, Herodotus apparently, however, only speaks of that the Duke of York, in a twelve months' tour on the occurrence at Sardis in the spring by a Persian re- Continent, visiting, among other places, Lisbon, port, and probably either he was mistaken or the Gibraltar, Minorca, most of the principal cities in darkness was caused by some meteorological pheno- Italy, and several parts of France, returning with
In the autumn be does speak of an eclipse the duke in August, 1764. In March, 1771, be actually seen in Greece, which so frightened Cleom. was presented by the Dean and Chapter to the brotus, then engaged in fortifying the isthmus of Vicarage of St. Bride's, in the City of London, Corintb, that he bastily retired. This was, in all resigning Hinckley and Burton Coggles. In April, probability, the eclipse of Oct. 2, B.C. 480, and 1776, he was presented to the rectory of St. fully confirms that year as the date of the invasion John the Evangelist, in Westminster, for which he of Xerxes. It was also the year of an Olympic resigned St. Bride's, but he obtained in June a festival, which would be the seventy-fifth, seventy- dispensation to hold the rectory of St. John tofour complete Olympiade, or 296 years, after B.C. gether with that of Horton, near Colnbrook, in 776.
W. T. Lynn. Bucks. These two livings be held until his death, Blackheath.
which took place in Dean's Yard, June 24, 1782.
Of his numerous brothers and sisters the greater Rev. JOHN BLAIR, LL.D.-The Rev. John Dumber died young. An elder brother, Patrick Blair, LL.D., Prebendary of Westminster, was (Peter), was a physician of some eminence in Cork; born at Edinburgh in 1723. His father was another, Gilbert, was a lieutenant in the Royal John Blair, of an ancient Perthshire family, Navy, and lived to be pinety-six; and a younger, who made a considerable competence in one of William, was lieutenant - colonel in the the few commercial enterprises at that time con- H.E.I.C.S., and died in 1814. It is this last sidered open to gentlemen in reduced circum- who has been confused by the biographers with stances. This John Blair was twice married ; Capt. William Blair, R.N. Dr. Blair's sister first to a Miss Gibb, of Loughton, and secondly Elizabeth married Capt. John McNeil ; another to a Miss Graham, balf-sister to Mr. Colt, of In- sister married Capt. Macmillan. Dr. Blair married, veresk. Of the twenty-four children resulting Feb. 22, 1770, Aon Persode, daughter of Col.