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building of two stories (sometimes called a chantry); a stone pulpit at the north end of the screen,

Beplies. approached by stone steps from the chancel. The

THE LETTERS OF JUNIUS, church, being cruciform, has a central tower, nave, and two transepts that had chantries. The nave

(8th S. ii. 481; iii. 49, 111.) has a north, south, and west door; and the south A few hundred yards beyond Jack Straw's porch has an upper room (parvise) and an east Castle, on the way to Hendon from Hampstead, room on the ground floor.

we pass North End House on the left, now called The Cistercian Abbey of Combermere, situated Wild Wood House. Viewing the house from the five miles from Nantwich, owned in and before main or carriage entrance, we may observe three the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries about one windows in a row over a portico. The right-hand fourth of the town; and the 'Valor Ecclesiasticus' window lighted the closet or dressing-room in of 1535 and a rental of the_abbey lands dated wbich the Earl of Chatham secluded himself for 1539 state that the Easter Roll, certain tithes, about eighteen months, 1767-8, the oblations and obventions called the Rood Box,

Nursing his wrath to keep it warm. and the rectory and glebe of the chancel at In the thick wall of the room, facing the window, Naptwich belonged then to Combermere Abbey.

an aperture something less than two feet square, Does this imply that the chancel of the church lined with wood, and furnished with one door was served by monks told off from Combermere opening on the staircase outside, and another, from time to time, who had a temporary residence which was padlocked, opening into the room. By in the building on the north side of the chancel ? Nantwich being then included in the rural could receive an article through this aperture

taking proper precaution, the occupant of the room parish of Acton, the vicar of Acton supplied a without exposing himself to view. A servant, chaplain to Nantwich as the parish priest, while having deposited the article within the recess, had wealtby residents provided for the chantry priests simply to close the outer door and retire. In this at the various altars in the transepts of the church, way Lord Chatham received his meals and papers these priests ministering for the benefit of the mysteriously. The middle and left-hand windows townspeople, and one or more of them occupying lighted the bedroom. Fifty years ago and the rooms connected with the south porch. more, while the house was tenanted by the father

Dr. Jessopp, in The Coming of the Friars,' of the late Sir Charles Parker Butt, I had frequent pp. 157-8, says he knows no instance of monks opportunities of noticing the aperture, and it repairing or building parish churches, and implies occurred to my youthful imagination that Chatham that the monks, having no intimate connexion and Jupius were one. Under either name the with town and village churches, only officiated in bearer had ingeniously shunned observation for a their own conventual churches. But were these season. “It is not in the nature of things," wrote things universally so ?


Junius to Woodfall,“[while I keep my door shut] Lindum House, Nantwich,

that you, or anybody else, should know me, unless POISONING BY ARSENIC.-Can any of your I make myself known”; and I could picture Sir readers mention the principal cases of trials for Philip Francis

, for one, standing blindfolded in poisoning by arsenic previous to the trial of Mrs. a recess between Chatham and Woodfall. Maybrick ? The principal cases which occur to Sæpe at constiterant, hinc Thisbe, Pyramus illinc ; me are those of Dr. Smethurst, who was convicted,

..Tibi nos debere fatemur, but received a free pardon in consequence of a

Quod datus est verbis ad amicas transitus aures. conflict of medical evidence similar to that in Mrs. Turning from the aperture, I am old enough to Maybrick's case, and Miss Madeline Smith, in remember when passages from Chatham's speech whose case the jury returned a verdict of “Not against the employment of savages in war were proven.” Is there any case in which the poisoner recited by schoolboys as commonly as "My name was not a medical man, and in which the duration is Norval," and how familiar was the invocation, of illness was so long and the post mortem appear- “I call upon the bishops to interpose the unsullied ances so doubtful as in the Maybrick case ? sanctity of their lawn ; upon the judges to interpose

J. W. the purity of their ermine"; and on reading AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED. –

Junius's first letter " to the Printer of the Publi Indocti discant et amont meminisse periti.

Advertiser” the words “a minister interposed his

J. C. J. authority," and a judge" betrayed the sanctity of Without a name I am lost to every age;

his office," struck me as affording a clue. Dust, asbes, and nought else lio within this grave;

Chatham's reliance on the people obtained for him Alive I was once, but now I am not, Ask no more of me, 'tis all I am

the name of “the Great Commoner." On resigning And all that you shall be.

KNOWLER, office in 1761 he held himself “ accountable to the Even from that day misfortune dire,

people who had called him to power.” Junius As if for violated faith. MAC ROBERT. dedicated his letters to the English nation :

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“Letters written by one of yourselves (the Great imperviousness to vanity, is superhuman, unless to Commoner), they would never bave grown to reveal himself meant to descend from a higher to this size without your continued eacouragement a lower level—and Chatham worshipped fame. and applause. To me they originally owe nothing Junius was nometeor, to flash and disappear but a healthy (!) sanguine constitution. Under "right away." Though Francis might have conyou they have thriven; to you they are indebted tracted turns of expression, or shone with a borfor whatever strength or beauty they possess. rowed light, he was not the sun to dazzle ; nor When kings and ministers are forgotten,” in short, could the sun remain over under eclipse : he must this book will be read by posterity. 'Mark the bave dazzled somewhere-before and after. confident tone. Many such parallels might be Over forty years ago I migrated to Cornwall, quoted ; trivial they may be, but “ mony smas and was very intimate with the confidential steward mak a muckle.” * Terrific” was the epithet of Lady Grenville at Dropmore, and of her nephew, applied to Chatham's invective and sarcasm, and, the Hon. George Fortescue, at Boconnoc, where if spoken by him, 80 would those of Junius have Chatham was born in 1708. Several times the been, as we may believe from Lord Brougham's steward had mentioned to me, at Boconnoc, that characteristic anecdote. Chatham began a speech among the family papers carefully preserved at with, “Sugar, Mr. Speaker,” and, observing that Dropmore was a sealed packet, containing the secret the audience smiled, be paused, and, looking of Junius, not to be opened before a certain date, fiercely around, bis voice gradually swelling with which I have forgotten ; it might have been at the vehement rage, he thrice pronounced the word expiration of a century after the first publication “sugar," and having quelled the House and ex. of the letters (or Chatham's death ?). However, tinguished every appearance of levity, he tarned within half-a-dozen years of either date I incidentand disdainfully asked,“ Who will laugh at 'sugar' ally remarked to the steward that the time must now?” Such sublime scorn and assurance might be close at band, and he informed me that it had credibly be attributed to Junius, but not to Sir elapsed, and that, after some deliberation, the Philip Francis, who, trained from boyhood as a family had decided to disclose nothing. Now Government subordinate, would habitually look Lady Grenville bad herself said Junius was not up to men in power, while Junius or Chatham Sir Philip Francis, and Mr. Pitt, Lord Chatham's looked down from a rocky brow on men in nations, son, admitted that he knew the author of the with their kings, below, Guelph or Bourbon; all letters. If I remember rightly, the packet was were merely players on the world's stage, and he opened after Lady Grenville's decease, when the an imperious manager. “I am sure,” said he in late Mr. Fortescue had the controlling, voice. 1757, “ that I can save my country, and nobody Why should be have hesitated to gratify the else cap." “With one hand he smote the house public? I fancy we may eliminate the names of of Bourbon, and wielded in the other the demo- Sir Philip Francis, or any other except Lord cracy of England ";* and “his name was men- Chatham, and conjecture that Mr. Fortescue, tioned with awe in every palace from Lisbon to having arrived at the conclusion that the reputaMoscow,"+ for what monarch or minister would tion of a literary name would add no brilliancy to lightly rouse the wrath of Chatham or Junius ? the great statesman's renown, resolved to respect

In the edition revised by himself Junius foot- the wish of bis deceased relative, as conveyed in notes a passing attack on "Chatham thus : " Yet the words of Junius," I am the sole depository of Junius has been called the partizan of Lord Chat- my own secret, and it shall perish with me. To ham.” Though this, and many such like, had approach Lady Louisa Fortescue is out of the disconcerted a raw youth, to experienced age they question, and probably we shall never know for are but the inky veil interposed by a retiring certain more than that the author was not Sir cuttlefish, to be dissipated or precipitated soon Philip Francis. The pen might have been his or enougb, perhaps, to allow a glimpse of the fish that of Lady Chatham ; but to me the mind was again. If Junius was Poplicola he abused Lord the mind of “the Great Commoner.” Chatham, and eulogized him in writing to Horne

H. 8. DRAKE. Tooke. Junius was Philo-Junius, and, like Janus, There was nothing very remarkable in the late had two faces. Chatham was a consummate actor, Dr. Vaughan's statement that William Gerard and was led, as Macaulay said, " to surround him. Hamilton was Junius. The same statement is self with mystery,” and so with Junios. “The positively made by the Political Magazine for Great Unknown" drew around him the halo of January, 1787, p. 65.

W. J. F. mystery to heighten his fame; but Scott gratified Dublin. the curiosity of the public in due time, while Junius aroused a furor and declared that his secret SOPHY Daws (7th S. vii. 248, 314, 432; gu S. should perish with him. Such self-negation, such ii. 537; iii. 30). — The mysterious story of the

death of the last of the Condés has always interGrattao.

† Macaulay. ested me greatly, for I long resided in Paris

living exclusively amongst French people-while Paris about 1840. The advisers of the Rohan the event was yet fresh in the minds of all, and family, which was seeking to set aside the will in political rancour was as virulent and as unscru- favour of the Duc d'Aumale, had taken the very pulous in mud-throwing then as it is now. The unusual, if not actually illegal course of publishing most bitter enemies of Louis Philippe—and he and spreading abroad all the documentary and had plenty of these—did not hesitate to declare other evidence which had been put before the their belief that he was more or less directly or courts at the criminal inquiry, their object being indirectly implicated in the tragedy at St. Leu, to prejudice Madame de Feuchères in the civil even before the act; while the most moderate of proceedings as to the validity of the will ; and, on them were convinced that Madame de Feuchères, their side, the advisers of Madame de Feuchères née Sopby Dawes, had caused the old Duc de Bour- replied to this unfair move by publishing and disbon to be put out of the way, well knowing that tributing gratis the volume to which I refer. It the king would be only too glad to hear of a death is entitled Examen de la Procédure Criminelle by which a vast fortune was secured to bis son, instruite à Saint-Leu à Pontoise......sar les causes the Duc d'Aumale, as well as a splendid legacy tó et les circonstances de la Mort de S.A.R. le Duc herself; and feeling sure that, whatever the king's de Bourbon, Prince de Condé,' and is a minute suspicions might be, she might count on bis not analysis of the evidence, and a consideration of all being very keen on the discovery of the truth. the facts, of course from the point of view of It is hard to believe that sixty years ago thousands Madame de Feuchères. On seeing T. L. I.'s conof people were found to believe that the citizen tribution, I looked over it once more, and it corking was actually guilty of a murder of the darkest tainly appears to show that the hypothesis of and most vulgar type ; but we must remember murder can hardly be sustained in face of all the that scandal, like falsehood, is vastly more dan- difficulties which the assassins would have had to gerous when it contains a large admixture of truth; surmount, leaving out the improbability that such and it is not to be denied that this particular a deed should have been done by Sophy Dawes, scandal as to Condé's death bad at the back of it either with or without the secret connivance of several awkward-looking circumstances, which to other persons interested in the princo's will

. unfriendly eyes would justify the worst suspicions. I have always understood that the prince first met It was well known that the influence of Madame Sophy Dawes at Portsmouth, when he accompanied de Foucbores had been employed to secure the the allied sovereigns to England in 1814, and that nomination of the king's son, the Duc d'Aumale, she was the child of bumble parents residing not as the Duc de Bourbon's heir ; that the will had very far from Chichester. I think, too, I am right been made not many months before the revolution in saying that a relative of hers, to whom she left of July; that there were grounds for feariog that a good deal of Condé's money, was M.P. for the the old prince might revoke bis bequest after the Isle of Wight more than forty years ago. At any expulsion from France of the family to which he rate, I remember well that the editor of a Hants was naturally greatly attached ; and that he had Liberal journal, for which I used occasionally to expressed the intention, or at any rate the wish, write, refused an article of mine on this subject to leave France himself, when, of course, he would —which bad, for some reason or another, cropped be entirely under influences necessarily extremely up-on the very proper ground that it might be hostile to the Orleans family. To all these un- painful to the gentleman in question. In short, favourable circumstances was added the fact that the editor knew what I did not, that the M.P. was Madame de Feuchères was received at the Tuileries related to the notorious lady whose name he bore. after the death of the prince, and always enjoyed

E. M. S. the countenance and favour of the king and his

“OMERIFICAN" (8th S. iii. 127).- A few lines family. Here, surely, was more than enough to from a writer of the last century will explain this. set wagging the tongues of people so prone to Charles Butler, after speaking of the excellence of suspicion as the Parisians, and wag them they did the printing of Robert Stephens, notices his Greek without scruple. In truth, the business was a sad Testaments, as follows :and unsavoury one; and whether the last Conde died by his own band, or was foully done to death self in 1546, 1549, 1550, and 1551. His son published

“There are four editions of them, published by him. .by bis English mistress, either with or without the a sixth edition in 1569.' The third of these is in folio. help of far more exalted personages, the whole story The two first are in 16mo., and of these the first (that leaves a stain on a great name, and besmirches à in 1546) is the most correct. There is prefixed to it an stately inheritance.

address, by Robert Stephens to his readers, beginning,

O mirificam regis nostri optimi et præstantissimi T. L. I., if I am not mistaken, appears to lean liberalitatem. From this it has been generally termed to a belief that the prince did not die by his own the Mirificam edition."—Horæ Biblicæ,' Oi., 1799, hand; but perhaps he will come to a different con- pp. 135-6. clusion if he reads carefully a curious book on the “Omerifican" is a misprint, if the query is a correct subject, a copy of which I bought on the Quai in copy, in the issue of 1549, as is "pulces" for

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plures (pref., p. i, line penult.), to which Hartwell p. 323, where it is stated that a dog snapped up Horne's notice refers as such (On the Scriptures,' suddenly and swallowed the “pix,” which had vol. v. p. 19, 1846). But I think this can scarcely been dropped after consecration. This “pix" be so, and that the query rather contains an error seems to be the origin of MR. COLEMAN's “pax." of its owo.

ED. MARSHALL. In either case the Yorkshire tyke must have bad The Greek Testament of 1549 about which MR; Customs, quotes from Hampson, but he has

a very capacious gullet. Dyer, in ‘British Popular Fenton inquires is the second “O Mirificam" edition, edited by Robert Stephens, the first custom of whipping dogs “ within these few years”

changed "pix” into host. Hampson says that the edition having been published in 1546. They are existed at Manchester on the first day of Acres 80 called among bibliographers on account of the editor's preface, beginning with the words “o Fair, held about St. Luke's Day.

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Mirificam,” &c., which a former possessor of the volume has thus through ignorance distorted into “IT FAIR SHEDS" (8th S. ii. 429 ; iii. 15).-MR. “ omerifican." Stephens's third edition (folio, EDWARD LORD says that sheds is “ from an Anglo1550) was the basis of the so-called “Textus Saxon word which means to distinguish, or beat receptus” printed by the Elzevirs in 1624. the record.” The A.-S. word to which he refers

F. NORGATE. is sceādan, which means to separate, divide, bound, Sarely this mysterious word is only “O mirifi- distinguish (see Bosworth). I am not aware cum !”. No doubt it is intended to mark the that it ever means to “beat the record.” Shed

is still used in the North Riding of Yorkshire in accuracy of the edition. W. SPARROW SIMPSON.

the sense of separate. To shed the wool on a

sheep's back is to part it. The word is used also REFERENCE IN POPE (8th S. iii. 109).-—No such for parting the hair of the head. words as “Let us while away this life"

F. O. BIRKBECK TERRY. Prendergast's excellent (but rare) 'Concordance' to Milton's works. The nearest to any such

AMBROSE GWINETT (8th S. ii. 447, 535; iii. 56, pbrase is “Merely to drive away the time he 116); -A story almost as strange as that of Gwinett sickened,” which is indexed as “Miscelladies,

is told of one Carrighan, father of a friend of Dr.

Gordon Hake :Line 15, Page 201, Volume 6”; but unfortunately Mr. Prendergast has not recorded what edition. Fellow of St. John's, under the name of Gobli—a name

Carrighan (Dr. Hake's friend) was a student and The line, however, is in the verses “On the Uni- adapted by his father as a Sligo man, he reversing the versity Carrier, who sickened in the Time of bis syllables. The history of this singular proceeding is Vacancy ; being forbid to go to London, by reason associated with a duel in which Mr. Carrighan, the of the Plague” (Old Hobson), and line 33, and not father, was led to believe he bad killed bis opponent. line 15. Will Mr. Editor say Odi Profanum if I He thereupon changed his name, and in an unhappy venture to mention (in answer to J. T. M.'s "If years more or less ; when, one day, he met the very man

state of mind wandered over the Continent for twenty so, where?”), and so near the majestic Milton, the who he supposed' had received a death-blow at his following lines

hands. On this important discovery he restored bis true Thus would be while his lonely bours away,

name to his family."- Memoirs of Eighty Years,' by Dissatisfied, nor knowing what he wanted, &c.,

Gordon Hake, Physician, 1892, p. 163. from Byron's ' Don Juan,' canto i. stanza xcvi. ?


Glasgow. It may be worth mention that Thackeray used

Douglas Jerrold's drama, founded on the above, the phrase "to while away":

was produced at the Coburg Theatre, October 15, " And so he went on riding with her......and playing 1828, Cobham appearing as Ambrose, and Davidge chess with her submissively; for it is with these simple as Grayling the prison smith. It was very successamusements that some officers in India are accustomed ful, and was frequently revived, notably at the to while away their leisure moments."-Dixon's ' Dict. Victoria in 1854, with W. H. Pitt as Ambrose, of Idiomatic English Phrases.'


J. H. Rickard as Grayling, and Bradshaw as Mad Liverpool.

George. The play was printed in Cumberland's

“Minor Drama," and may now be obtained as one No such expression as “while away" appears in of Dicks's “ Standard Plays " (No. 637). Dr. Charles Dexter Cleveland's Concordance of

W. E. LANE. the Poetical Works of John Milton.'

2, Bournemouth Road, Peckham, S.E. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

COL. CHARTERS (8th S. ii. 428 ; iii. 34, 117).

At the last-mentioned reference it is said, on the “WHIP-Dog Day" (8th S. ii. 388, 438, 512).- authority of Caulfield's 'Remarkable Persons,' that Hampson, in bis ‘Medii Ævi Kalendarium,' vol. i. Col. Francis Charteris married a daughter of “ Mr. p. 360, quotes from Bourne’s ‘Pop. Antiq.,' vol. ii. Pencaitland, one of the judges of the Court of

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Session." There was no such person; but James The trefoil is surrounded by an inscription in Hamilton of Pencaitland, younger brother of Joho, ancient characters, now almost obliterated, which second Lord Belhaven, was appointed a judge of is said to have been “ Icy git le coeur de Maudde." the Court of Session by the title of Lord Pencait. Toe practice of burying the heart apart from the land, November 8, 1712, and died 1729. He had body was common at one time in England, as it five daughters, of whom the two eldest and the is still

, I believe, common in some parts of the two youngest were married, as stated in Wood's Continent-in Austria, for instance-among the Douglas's Peerage,' i. 203. The third daughter, higher nobility.

L. L. K. Agnes, was born November 12, 1697, and may have married Col. Charteris ; but she cannot CHAPEL (8th S. ii. 446, 518). — Your kindly bave been mother of Janet Charteris, who married correspondent suggests that the poem by Walter the Earl of Wemyss in 1720. Sir Róbert Douglas Thornbury of which I am in chase is to be found says Col. Charteris married Helen, daughter of in Once a week. Living as I do in a bookless Alexander Swinton, of Mersington, another judge land, I bave no means of searching for it. Should of the Court of Session, and that she was mother ho ever by any chance come upon it, I shall be of the countess ('Baronage,' 153). It is there said glad if he will send me the reference. of him, “He was a man of good parts and great

EDWARD PEACOCK. sagacity, and by bis particular skill and knowledge

Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey. of men and manners of the time he lived in acquired a vast estate." But Omond (Lives of the Lord

TAE LAST OF THE PLANTAGENETS (8th S. iii. Advocates,' i. 357) says of him, "He was the Col. 166).- This beading of my note in your last issue Francis Charteris of Stony hill whose name was will allow me to explain that í affixed it under the

is open to such just criticism, that I am sure you long a bye-word in Scotland for all that was vicious and profane." Patten, in his account impression that I had recently seen a previous note of the rebellion of 1715, mentions that Col. in. N. & Q.' under the same title. I thought the Charteris bad purchased Hornby Hall

, near Lan- fact I mentioned an interesting one; but I had no caster. Col. Oxburgh sent a party of horse there, ment as I shall be taken to have made about the

intention of committing myself to any such stateand gave a note to the man in charge for the pay- friend to whose memory I was anxious to pay a ment of their expenses :

tribute. For “On the other hand, if the Scots had been allowed to written “ Plantagenet arms,” in the body of the

“ Plantagenet" I should have pay their countrymen's house a visit they would not have scrupled to have set it on fire, so well is he respected of note.

D. O. T. them, and that on account of his personal character, which is known not to have been very acceptable to those

JUDGES' ROBES : COUNSELS' Gowns (8th S. üi. who are acquainted with him."

127): --- According to Fortescue, the ancient costume Col. Charteris died in 1732, when his daughter, of a judge or serjeant-at-law consisted of the Countess of Wemyss, put up an escutcheon "a long robe, not unlike the sacerdotal babit, with a of the arms of Charteris of Kinfauns, instead of and a hood over it, with two lapels or tippets, such as the

furred cape, capicium penulatum, about his shoulders, those to which her father was entitled. Mr.

Doctors of Laws use in some universities, with a coif.” Stodart ('Scottish Arms,' ii. 70) mentions that the countess was fined on that occasion, and the all the judges at the courts of Westminster, direct

On June 24, 1635, a solemn decree was made by escutcheon pulled down.


ing that uniformity of babit should thenceforth be Col. Charteris was heir male and representative observed by all His Majesty's Justices, and the of the ancient family of Charteris of Armsfeild, particular kind to be worn at different times was co. Dumfries ; that estate going to the heiress of pointed out :line, the colonel renamed the lands of New Mills, “The Judges in term-time are to sit at Westminster in near Haddington, lately bought by him,

Armsfeild. the Courts, in their black or violet gowne, whether they J. G. WALLACE-JAMES.

will; and á hood of the same colour put over their heads,

and their mantles above all, the end of the hood banging HISTORIC HEARTS (8th S. iii. 83, 138).-An over bebind, wearing their velvet caps and coifs of lawn interesting account of a heart-burial in Holbrook and cornered caps. The facing of their gowns, boods, and Church, Suffolk, is in the Archeological Journal, begin to wear upon Ascension-day, being the last Thurs

mantles, is with changeable taffeta, which they must xxi. 89; of which a more detailed description, with day in Easter term, and continue those robes until the an illustration, is given by Mr. R. M. Phipson, feast of Simon and Jude; and upon Simon and Jude's F.S.A., in a pamphlet in this library.

day the Judges begin to wear their robes faced with

ALEXIS BESZELEY. white furs of minivor, and so continue that facing till Royal Institute of British Architects.

Ascension-day again. Upon all holy days wbich fall in

torm, and are hall-days, the judges sit in scarlet faced On the north wall in Chichester Cathedral there furs or miniver, when furs or miniver are to be worn.

with 'taffeta, when taffeta facing is to be worn; and with is a mural tablet of Purbeck marble, showing Upon the day when the Lord Mayor of London comes to within a trefoil two hands holding up a heart. Westminster to take his oath, that day the Judges come

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