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1890; catalogue of his bequest to that university all, for presently one of them noticed that our hero has been printed.

was turning black in the face. With all conP. 241. Ligonier. 'Letters of Junius,' 1807, venient speed, therefore, they "cut him down,"

and none too soon either, for he would soon have P. 251 a. “ University” at Durham ; read proved that even a game may be carried too far. college.

Sir Alexander doubtless had this youthful escapade P. 270 b, 1. 30. For“ with " (?) road for. in his mind when in after years he pleaded for the

P. 335. Miss Linwood. "Book of Days,' i. life of a soldier condemned to death in Malta, and 348-9.

obtained a reprieve. P. 350. Momcir of Martin Lister, by R. Davies, According to the pedigree registered in the in Yorksh. Arch. Jour., ii. 297–320.

Heralds' College he married, July 7, 1785, Mary P. 366 a. Adam Littleton's 'Lat. Dict.,' fourth Smith Wilson, daughter of John Wilson, of the edition, 1715 ; Southey's 'Doctor,' 1848, p. 547. City of Westminster, Esq. Can any one bay at

P. 413. C. Lloyd. Byron, 'Engl. B. and Sc. what church this marriage took place ? It is worthy Rev.,'I. 886.

of note that Sir Alexander's only son and successor, P. 433. Rob. Lloyd. Gray, by Mason, 1827, the late Sir William Keith Ball, remained 231, 425.

bachelor until his eighty-second year, when he P. 438. W. Lloyd's funeral sermon for Bishop married a lady some forty-five years bis junior. Wilkins, 1672, was issued with the latter's

C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON, 'Natural Religion,' 1675 ; Dr. T. Bray dedicated

Eden Bridge. to him his work on the 'Catechism,' 1699.

Thomas Herne (vol. xxvi. p. 250) was son of W. C. B.

Mr. Francis Horne by Elizabeth Sayer, his first To the article on Sir Alexander_John Ball wife, goddaughter and probably niece of Arch. (vol. iii. p. 70) add the following: He was the bishop. Tenison. The relationship accounts for fourth, but third surviving_son of Robert Ball, Herne's writings so largely concerning the archof Stonehouse Court and Ebworth Park, in the bishop. He is a beneficiary under the archbishop's county of Gloucester, who served as high sheriff will.

SIGMA Tau. for that shire in 1748, by Mary his wife, Hobart, Tasmania. only daughter of Marshe Dickinson, of London and Dunstable, Lord Mayor 1766-7, and M.P.

SIR WALTER SCOTT AS A “QUOTABLE” POET. for Brackley, by Mary Clove his wife, and sister - Prof. Henry Morley, in his introduction to and sole heiress of John Marshe Dickinson, Southey's "Curse of Kehama,' in Cassell's “National superintendent of the royal gardens. He was

Library," says: probably born at Ebwortb, as bis baptism is registered at Painswick (the church of that true of Scott's poems, which were also tales in verse, and

“Southey's poetry is not sententious. The same is parish) as follows : “July 22nd, 1756. Alicksander, which yield very few sentences-if any--that can live on son of Robert and Mary Ball.” A later band has by their own strength, adding themselves—like lines of corrected the spelling of the Christian name, “ex” Shakespeare or Milton, Pope or Goldsmith-to tho being written over it, bat the older writing is still wealth of English speech.” the plainer. It is somewhat curious that, although Whatever may be the case with regard to Sir Alexander always used a second Christian Southey-of whose poetry I do not know enough name of John, only the former would seem to have to give an opinion-I venture to think that no been given him at the font. On the other hand, lover of Scott would agree with Prof. Morley in his eldest brother George, a major in the marines, the above criticism of Scott's poetry. No doubt is here registered as George Robert, although he the general character of Scott's verse is not invariably used but the first, and even in his will "sententious," the definition of which, according Robert does not appear.

The time of Sir to Annandale, is “abounding in axioms or Alexander's birth is also one year earlier than maxims; rich in judicious observations," &c.; we should expect to find it, as the Gentleman's but that Scott's poems yield “very few sentences Magazine and other contemporary authorities —if any—that can live on by their own strength" record his age at death on October 20, 1809, as I cannot admit,-perhaps not with regard to the fifty-two, whereas it clearly should be fifty-three.“very few," certainly not with regard to that un

He received his education, or, at any rate, some fortunate parenthesis, “if any." part of it, at an old foundation school, then held First, let us take the “ministering angel " lines at the Town Hall, Stroud, and the story goes that in the sixth canto of 'Marnion.' Are there many one day the boys held a mock trial and execution, household words” in Shakespeare more "famiand the question was who should hang by the liar” than this famous passage? Again, will not neck until he was dead. Young Alec volunteered, the glorious “Sound, sound, the clarion, fill the and forthwith his playmates "did him up." There fife," &c.—which is no more than a single quatrain was evidently a good deal of reality about it after-live" by its own strength" as long as English



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literature lives? When will English-speaking, or

Why is a crane like a well-known shellindeed English-reading people cease to feel their fish ?” “ Because it's an oyster" (a hoister). pulses stirred by the blast of Roderick Dhu's bugle- The good alderman was a promising subject for born, which was worth a thousand men”? Yet the caricaturists who preceded H. B. I romemall these passages are sentences,” though not ber, when the alderman accompanied George IV. sententious." Then there is the pitby paraphrase on his visit to Scotland, seeing him represented in of Horace's "bellua multorum capitum," in the a kilt in a shop window on the south side of Lud. fifth canto of 'The Lady of the Lake':

gate Hill. On another occasion he appeared as a Tbou many-beaded monster thing,

dog with a human head, with the inscription O who would wish to be thy king !

“What a Cur 'tis !” But in spite of his h's the And the beautiful

alderman was a useful man in the City of London. All angel now-yet little less than all

During the panic of 1826, when there was a run While still a pilgrim in our world below,

upon the banks, the brave alderman, who was a in 'The Lord of the Isles'; and the Shakespeare-banker, stood behind his counter and paid with like motto (Scott's own) to the seventeenth chapter

his own hands overy demand that was made apon

him. of "Woodstock':Wo do that in our zeal

Is there any physiological reason why whole Our calmer moments are afraid to answer.

classes of people, not only in London but, as I (Is not this an axiom, or something like one ?)

know, in Wiltshire and elsewhere, should omit the To these I may add four more :

h where it is wanted, and often put it in where it Profaned the God-given strength and marred the lofty this defect as well as the want of perception

is not? Probably the board schools will snuff out line.

• Marmion.'

between the v and the w.
Just at the age 'twixt boy and youth
When thought is speech, and speech is truth.

Many years ago I was residing in a town in

Wiltshire, where a tradesman named Vidler sold “Minstrel raptares”(" Lay of the Last

Ministrel '), Before vacating the premises, Vidler received Smith

bis business to a cockney whom we will call Smith. borrowed by Keble, in his Christian Year ':And is not the couplot,

every morning, in order to introduce him to the

customers, and for other parposes. Smith, on The stern joy wbich warriors feel In foemen worthy of their steel,

entering, said, "Good morning, Mr. Widler.” Álter

several repetitions of this greeting, Mr. Vidler a" gnome". worthy of any, war

poet, at all events, explained that his name was Vidler, not Widler. that ever lived, were it the poet of the “Iliad' Smith rubbed his embarrassed head and, with a himself ? I need not take up the space of 'N. & Q.' with ference between Widler and Widler ?”

puzzled expression, exclaimed, “ What's the difmore quotations from works which are readily

C. TOMLINSON. accessible to every reader. All who are familiarly

Higbgate, N. acquainted with Scott's poems could doubtless add many more to the above list. See MR. A FUNERAL BY WOMEN IN 1677.—The followThomas Bayne's note in ‘N. & Q.,'70 S. ix. ing curious entry occurs in the register of St. 309, s.v. “Thomas Campbell.' All the foregoing Oswalds, Chester (now part of the Cathedral), and passages, with two exceptions, are in Bartlett's seems worthy of being noted :Familiar Quotations.' JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

“1677. Burials.-Winnefred Daughter_vnto William Ropley, Alresford.

Marsh husbandman was buried the 20th Day of ffebru.

[1677/8) weomon Carryed her to Church through the ALDERMAN CORTIS.—One of your readers has streets & put her in her grave." sent me a clipping from a provincial newspaper, in This must have been a novelty at the time, to which it is stated tbat a well-known riddle was have been recorded so minutely. written by a costermonger. The riddle in question

J. P. EARWAKER. is a charade, and runs as follows :

Pensarn, Abergele, North Wales.
My first 's a little bird as 'ops,
My second 's needful in 'ay crops,

DEVON Cows. It may be well to preserve the
My 'ole is good with mutton chops.

following cutting in ‘N. & Q.':The answer, of course, is “

sparrow.grass," which “A curious and noteworthy instance of breeding and the learned Dr. Parr always insisted on using in Mr. Dingle

, of Darley, in North Devon, is the ropres

adaptability to environment is reported from Cornwall. preference to the politer “asparagus.”

sentative of a family which has sat on the land for 500 This and other cockney riddles were, in my years. In fact there is a legendary couplet concerning young days (that is, in the twenties), put into the an old oak at Darley to the effect that :mouth of Alderman Curtis, who had the reputa

As long as Darley oak should stand, tion, not uncommon in those days, of dropping his

A Dingle should possess this land. Þ's. One of his so-called cockney conundrums | The father of the present Mr. Dingle founded a herd of

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Devons from one cow. The cattle bave done well on the fluenza. This disease, which was later raised to land, and have become a famous family. But when Mr. the dignity of a distinct disease, in consequence, Dingle has introduced fresh blood by means of Devon cowe of other strains, the progeny has generally lan- probably, of the difficulty found in distinguishing guished and died. Mr. Dingle attributes this to the it from an ordinary feverish cold, still even now, *red water' they had to drink. The cattle of the like cholera, maintains much of the mystery of its original family have drunk this water not only with im- origin. It has, indeed, at last, but only quite punity but apparently with benefit; but the descendants recently, been determined to be distinctly infectious, of the new crosses have perished. If the ' red water' is but it is nevertheless, and perhaps in the majority simply coloured by oxide of iron, it is difficult to see how it could have a fatal or deleterious effect. It would be of, at any rate, the early cases, brought by indepenof value as information to breeders if Mr. Dingle would dent germs (or, as I suppose I must term them, seek further for the cause of the failure of what should microbes), which are conveyed from foreign lands, have been replenishing strains.”—Yorkshire Post, Jan. 21. one knows not how. It was no wonder, therefore,

Anon. that—with its almost simultaneous invasion of vast Rev. GEORGE COSTARD (1710–1782), Astro- tracts of the earth's surface, together with its reNOMICAL WRITER.-It may be noted, as an addition markable power of diffusion and penetration, which to the account of him appearing in Dict. Nat. renders it a scourge to overy class of society—it Biog.,' vol. xii. p. 274, that his baptism as "Son was to this disease, and this disease alone, that the of Mr. Edward Coster in the Castle Foregate, and special term of influenza, without any qualification Mrs. Anne his Wife" is recorded in the parish or addition, was ultimately given.*

F. CHANCE. register of St. Mary, Shrewsbury, under date Jan. 20, 1709/10.


Sydenham Hill. 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

“WHETHER OR NO.”—This expression at the IMPORTED GRAMMAR. — The operations going on present time seems to be used with an utter diswith regard to the importations of English words regard of grammar. May I give an instance ? In into Netherlandish or Flemish are of interest to a recent number of the Athenæum I read : “The the philological student. In most cases the English Protagoras, whether or no it is to be classed with word takes the regular plural in -en, but in some the Socratic dialogues of Plato, is certainly one of cases it takes the English plural in -s.

The word considerable interest and importance.” The senmeeting takes both -en and -s. The admission of tence is elliptical. Expand it, and the absurdity French words and forms, though, of course, more is evident : “Whether it is be classed, or it is numerous, is not so free. The translations of French no to be classed.” I have heard this location from feuilletons, though creating so much translated pulpits ad nauseam. Newspapers, novels, magaNetherlandish, cut off original Netherlandish tales. zines, &c., revel in it. HYDE CLARKE.


EDITORS. - In the account of the author, the thought that the Italians gave the disease this unfortunato Dr. Dodd, which is prefixed to his name because in its epidemic form it was formerly Thoughts in Prison,' printed at the Chiswick attributed by astrologers to the influence of the Press, 1818, p. xi, the compiler states, “ He [Dr. heavenly bodies (Webster). And, no doubt, Dodd] descended so low as to become the editor of influenza does mean influence. But it is very a newspaper." I think this opinion is worthy of a questionable whether influenza was the first disease place in ‘N. & Q.,' but feel sure no one would to which the term was applied, and I myself am endorse such a curious statement in this latter part inclined to believe that it was the last. At the of the nineteenth century, whatever may have been present time Italians commonly say “C'è influenza the position of editors in its early daye. (or "molta influenza "] di catarri, di febbri, di con

HELLIER R. H. GOSSELIN. tagi" (Petrocchi), or "di vajuolo, di scarlattina,

Bengeo Hall, Hertford, di morbillo, di rosolia, di miliare,” &c.; and by these terms it would seem as if little more were

DRAUGHTS.-Strutt, writing at the end of last meant than that there is a great prevalence or pre doubt, is a modern invention." I find, however,

century, states that the game of " draughts, no dominance of these diseases, that they are much in Ćalepini Dictionarium Decem Linguarum, about. This seems to me to show that it was only published, at Genf, in 1594, under the word after the term had been used in this way of various diseases that it came to be applied alone, par * It may be also that, as the word is derived from the excellence, to one particular disease. But why, it Lat. verb fluere, which well expresses the Aux of matter may be asked, was this one disease thus singled which commonly takes place in the disease from the nose out in preference to many others ? Well, the other and eyes, this has had something to do with the adoption diseases early became recognized as more or less Dictionary (1842) one of the meanings given to in.

of the term. At all events, in Villanova's Italian-French infectious, and so much of the mystery attached to Auenza is “ Scorrimento di cosa fluida,” though this may them was dispelled. But it was not so with in- be intended as a description of the disease only.

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"alueus” the French equivalent "tablier à jouer What was the number and date of the part last aux dames, damier,” and the English rendered as issued ? To how many pages does the entire work an table to playe at thee dames." Damier is extend ?

H.-W. the modern French, and Damenbrett the modern German name for the same.

L. L. K. D. ANGELO.-Can any one give me the parent

age or pedigree of Domenico Angelo, the fencing

master, who died in 1802, and also of his wife, Queries.

who was an Irish woman, Elizabeth Johnson, a We must request correspondents desiring information stepdaughter of a Capt. Master, R.N.? on family matters of only private interest to affix their

WILLIAM BUTLER. names and addresses to their queries, in order that the 16, Holbein Buildings, Sloane Square, S.W. answers may be addressed to thêm direct.

COPE.—Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' give parCUE : “ TO TAKE ONE'S CUE FROM.”—For the ticulars of the wife of John Cope, fourth living son origin of this in the actor's sense, which has since of Sir Anthony Cope, the first baronet ? This Joha passed into general use, Wedgwood cites two seven- Cope was of Hanwell 1616, Cottesford 1629, teenth century writers, viz., C. Butler, 'Engl. Gram.,' Brewerne 10 Charles I., and in 14 James I. had 1634,“Q, a note of entrance for actors, because it property settled to uses of himself, heirs of his is the first letter of quando, when, showing when body, then lawfully begotten, and to be begotten, to enter and to speaẤ"; and Minsheu, “ Ä qu, a for default to his heirs and assigns in fee. The uses term used among stage-players, à L. qualis, i.e., clearly point to issue lawfully begotten at that date, at what manner of word the actors are to begin to especially as those words were used in precedence speak, one after another hath done his speech.” to “and to be begotten." Is anything known of As to this I should be glad to know, first, where these children?

HENRY W. ALDRED. Minsbeu says this ; I have up to this been unable

181, Coldbarbour Lane, S.E. to find the passage cited, either in the 'Ductor in Linguas,' or in the Spanish-English Dictionary.'

“VOLE.”—Many, many times of late the quesSecondly, as to the alleged fact : Do any actors' tion has been put to me “What is a vole ?” and copies of plays exist, marked with or qui, in such the answer is that the little rodents which have a way as to support the statements of Butler and appeared in such destructive numbers simultaneously Minsheu ? It is true that Shakspere and in Scotland and Thessaly are neither rats nor mice, earlier writers often have Q instead of cue, as in but a distinct family (Arvicola), smaller than rats, Richard III., III. iv. 27:

but larger than mice. But can anybody say what

is the etymology of “volo"? It does not appear Had you not como vpon your Q, my Lord, William Lord Hastings had pronounc'd your part.

in Skeat’s ‘ Dictionary.' But this is not decisive evidence that copies

HERBERT MAXWELL. were actually marked with Q. As to the sup- GOETHE'S 'Faust.'—"Faust, a tragedy in Two position that cue here is the French queue, Parts, by Goethe, Rendered into English Verse, tail, it is, I believe, a fact that in French itself 2 vols. Printed by Arthur Taylor, Coleman Street. queue and cue has never been used in this sense 1838.” Will any of your correspondents kindly (for which the French name is réplique), and that inform me who was the translator of this edition ? in English we had no literal use of queue or cue It is recorded in the London Catalogue,'likewise ir (tail), leading up to this sense ; so that there is an the British Museum's, but in both cases no transabsolute chasm between the French queue (tail) | lator's name is given.

D. Kitto. and the English Q or cue (starting catch-word). In South Wimbledon, English queue (a tail of hair and a line of people at a ticket-window, &c.), we have comparatively

Sir RICHARD BENET (OR BENESE). -I know of modern borrowings of the French word, which do a little work, not count for the history of the actor's Q, spoken " The bidden treasure diecovered by the Surveyor of familiarly already in 1553 :

School-master. Teaching and setting forth the most exact “ Amen must be answered to the thankes gevyog, not with the true measuring of Woodland, Hils, Mountaines,

and readiest way that is practical in that Art or Sciences as to a mannes q in a playe, but by one that preyeth, or what ever......by Sir Richard Benet. Revised and wherunto he maketh hys answer."-Strype, 'Eccl. Mem.,' enlarged by Thomas Norton.” iii. app. xi. 31.


12mo. 1651. This I cannot find anywhere men. Oxford,

tioned ; and as Norton speaks in his preface of the

“old author," it occurred to me that Benet should GILLRAY'S 'CARICATURES.'—The Caricatures be Benese ; yet I do not find it oven under Benese. of Gillray,'with historical and political illustrations, Can any reader help me to find out something conoblong folio (London and Edinburgb), n.d., in cerning the author ?

G. J. GRAY. parts. On what date did the first part appear ? Cambridge.

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' Eliza's CaQICE.'-Can any of your readers Comte de Kearney. Being an only child, the title inform me where I shall find in print, and who of countess was specially conferred upon myself.” was the author of this poem, in twenty-one four- I thought that Caryll was Secretary of State to line stanzas, the first of which runs thus?

James II. The allusion in the last part of the If o'er again Eliza's beart

quotation is probably to one of the titles which Should from her careless stray,

the Pope grants from time to time, and sometimes Oh let it find no conscious smart,

professes to confer upon British subjects, as, for Where'er 'tis doom'd to stay.

example, Countess Tasker, who, I believe, kept A copy of the same in MS. (? the original), now a Catholic school at Brook Green. But what is before me, appears to be temp. Geo. II., and pro- known of the Kearney descent ? A. I. K. bably circa 1728.

E. W. C.

THE HOLY EUCHARIST BURIED WITH PEOPLE. Penal LAWS.— I am anxious, for a literary purpose, to be referred to some book or books wherein in a casket or case and laid upon the breast of

- I want some instances of the Eucharist being I may find,

those who had died in some sudden manner, and 1. A statement of the penal laws as they affected who, therefore, had not been able to have the Roman Catholics in the earlier years of the reign of rites of the Church administered to them. It George III., the mitigation of which was the cause of the Gordon riots.

was at one time placed upon the breasts of dead

ecclesiastics previous to burial. I shall be glad of 2. A list of the offences which entailed capital

any punishment at about the same time, or at whatever referring to the clergy or laity.

information relating to this custom, whether period the penal code was at its extreme point of


3. When was the old punishment for high treason SAMUEL GOULD, BOOKSELLER.-In Hutchins's abolished by statute and simple hanging sub-' History of Doreet,' second edition, 1774, vol. i. stituted ? I believe the sufferers for the '45 were p. 374, is a plate representing a view of Dorchester the last victims of this form of torture ; but it and the village of Forthington, engraved at Samuel existed as part of the law down to a much later Gould's expense and inscribed to him by his period.

obliged servant the author. The British Museum 4. I have heard it said that when Francis Town- has a catalogue of Samuel Gould's books offered ley and the other Jacobites were executed on Ken- for sale at Dorchester in the year 1780; and the nington Common, the wives and daughters of the Gentleman's Magazine, 1783, p. 273, bas an great Whig nobles went there in their coaches to obituary notice recording his death at Dorchester. enjoy the sight. Is there any evidence for this? Can any reader of 'N. & Qi' give me any in

formation about this Mr. Samuel

Gould !

Non NOBIS NATI. CHARLES, LORD STURTON.—Where can I find any particulars of this person, who was hanged

DR. BELL'S SANDBAGS.--I have come across a March 6, 1557 ? He caused to be murdered a Mr. reference to Dr. Bell's sandbags, used many years Argile (or William and Jobn Hartgill, as another ago for teaching children to write. Will some one authority states), for which he and his four servants kindly explain what they are, and where I can find were banged at Salisbury. I know the broadsides an account of them?

J. E. B. in the Library of the Society of Antiquaries. .


ROBERT HERVIE. Can any of your readers Cambridge.

furnish me with biographical particulars of Robert

Hervie, portrait painter, who was working in the High SHERIFFS' DRESS.-Did high sheriffs in latter part of the eighteenth century? the last century wear an official dress? If they did,

EFFIGIES. what was it? I possess a portrait of my maternal great-grandfather, William Gosse,

who was High be cited of parish churches that were partly

ABREY CAURCHES. —Can undoubted examples Sheriff of Radnorshire in 1755. He is dressed in & single-breasted scarlet coat and white neckcloth,

monastic and partly parochial in pre-Reformation

times ? on his head is a close-fitting grey wig. The tradition in our family is that this was the official

Nantwich Church, built in the fourteenth cen. dress he wore when he attended the judges. Was churches. From

its structural arrangements it has

tury, seems to have been one of these double that so?

S. JAMES A. SALTER. Bagingfield, Basingstoke.

every appearance of having been a “collegiate”

church ; but no records of a college of priests, of KEARNEY.—In a recent interview it was stated a rich town guild, or of endowments for priests of the Kearney family that “one of its members are to be found. Its chancel has twenty finely was Secretary of State to James II., whom he carved stalls with misereres; a north and south accompanied to France. His son was created door ; another north door, leading to an exterior

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