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of a place in ‘N. & Q. One would like the testi- fellowships were ordered each one to lay in a mony of an educated eye-witness too :

permanent stock of coal, and to renew it every “A remarkable_scene was witnessed in the parish of autumn. The Mercers were down for 488 chalWoodham Ferris, Essex, on old Christmas Eve. 'On that drops, Merchant Taylors 750 chaldroos, and others night a number of persons went on a pilgrimage to the in like proportions ; the few poor companies being village to witness tbe bursting into leaf of a bush locally let off with three or six apiece. It is stated that night the bush did burst into leaf. The peculiar features this order was then first introduced as a novelty. of the phenomenon are that the bush assumes its normal Was this accumulation of combustible watter in condition a few hours afterwards, and breaks forth with private buildings, called halls, offices, &c., the real renewed vigour in the spring."

cause of the extreme severity of the fire in 1666, 80 C. MOOR.

very widespread, 80 persistingly destructive? We The Essec County Chronicle of January 20 koow of the imputation conveyed by the Fish states that the holy thorn wbich was reported to Street Hill "bully"; clearly, if any private conhave bloomed in so remarkable a manner on the spiracy really existed, the knowledge of these ove of Old Christmas Day at Woodham Ferris, "stores” shows a specific means of extending the was imported some years ago from Palestine. It conflagration; it occurred in September, 1666, is a species of blackthorn. THOMAS BIRD. just as the autumnal supply of coal would becollected Romford.

in, which I fancy has not since been renewed.

Most of the companies lost their balls. Thus, the Denton MSS.—It is a recognized fact that the Drapers, storing 562 chaldrons, fell to the ground; old-fashioned county histories of Camberland are their neighbours the Carpenters, with only 38 based upon the two manuscript compilations of John chaldrons, escaped.

A. HALL. and Thomas Denton. John Denton's MS. is well 13, Paternoster Row, E.C. known, as many copies exist; but Thomas Denton's

SLANG : " PAINT THE TUWN RED. has long been missing, though diligent search has been made for it in the muniment - rooms at and you have nothing to do. Let us pack up our trape

" I say,' suggested George, ' I have finished my book, Lowther and Whitehaven Castles. Its very ex- and go to Paris and paint the town a vivid scarlet.' istence had been doubted till quite recently, when "What?' asked Jonah Wood, to whom slang had always two vollum-bound MS. books, which appear to be been a mystery. Paint the town red.' repeated George. the John and Thomas Denton MSS., were accident. In short, bave a spree, a lark, a jollification, you and ally discovered in Lord Lonsdale's town house. 1.' "-The Three Fates,' by F. Marion Crawford, 1892, It is clear that Messrs. Lysons, who had the loan p. 386. of these MSS., must have returned them to the "To paint the town red" seems generally to be Earl of Lonsdale, at his house in London, where considered modern slang from America ; bat if they have remained forgotten for nearly eighty Jonah Wood had known his Shakspere he might years (1816), instead of liuding their way back to have got some light by recalling Prince Henry's the well-arranged muniment-room at Lowther parrative of his friendship with the leash of Castle.

DANIEL HIPWELL. drawers, of whom he says :17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

They call drinking deep, dying scarlet.

i Henry IV.,' II. iv. ABP. PARKER'S CONSECRATION, — The editor Is there anything modern Shakspere did not antiof Fuller's ‘History of the Church,' vol. ii. bk. ix. cipate ?

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. p. 455, referring to one Thomas Neale, chaplain to Glasgow. Bishop Bonner, has this note:“A curious coincidence in name between the origi.

CHAUCER'S "STILBON."-In Chaucer's 'Parnator of this oft-refuted slander (of the Nag's Head], doner's Tale,' group C, l. 603, we find: "Stilbon, and the zealous propagator of it in more modern times, that was a wys ambassadour.' It is quite certain the author of the History of the Puritans.'

that, as Tyrwhitt showed, Chaucer's memory played Referring to Neale's . History of the Puritans,' bim a trick, and that “Stilbon” means Chilon; see vol. i. p. 122, I find him-80 far from propagating my note. But whence “Stilbon " ! The answer this ridiculous story-repudiating it as “a fable is, that one “Stilbon” is mentioned in his that has been sufficiently confuted by our Church favourite book, Valerius ad Rufinum ne ducat historians." He refers to it again as a calumny” uxorem,' cap. 28, in another connexion. A note (iv. 178). With these plain words before him, it in Migne's edition says that Stilbon was a philois very strange that Mr. Nichols should have sopher who, baving lost his wife and children, allowed himself to fall into such a scandalous rejoiced that all his wealth now belonged to himG. L. FENTON. self.

WALTER W. SKEAT. Clovedon,

ABRAHAM RAIMBACH (1776-1843), ENGRAVER. THE FIRE OF LONDON.-It appears that, in the -It may be noted that Abrabam Raimbacb, son year 1665, fifty-six of the City Companies and of Peter Raimbach (ob. 1805), by Martha, his

error.

wife, died at Greenwich, co. Kent, Jan. 17, 1843, " PROFUSE LACHRYMATORY."-In one of the aged sixty-seven, and was buried in the family Chetham Society's publications there occurs the grave at Hendon, co. Middlesex.

following passage :

DANIEL HIPWELL. “Sir Wm. Stanley-it is 1579 before Stanley's name 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

occurs in history-being one of Sir William Drury's captains, and assisting in an inroad into Limerick, he wao,

for his conduct, knighted by Drury at Waterford. Queries,

Stanley took part in the battle of Monasta Neva, and dig

tinguished himself in the defence of Adare. At this We must request correspondents desiring information time Barnaby Rich, who poured such a profuse lachry. on family matters of only private interest to affix their matory over Drury, was in Munster, also Captain Walter names and addresses to their queries, in order that the Raleigh.” abgwers may be addressed to thom direct.

Can any reader kindly inform me where I could

find a copy of this "profuse lachrymatory," or, “ CROCODILE.”—In reference to the slang or more kindly still, furnish me with a copy of it? humorous use of this as a name for a long file of

CHARLES DRURY. boarding-school girls walking two and two, a corre

DESCENDANTS OF TAOMAS À BECKET.-Can spondent suggests to me that it may have originated in the once popular song of 'The Bashful Man, any reader of 'N. & Q.' supply me with informaone line of which, he says, rung

tion concerning the descendants of the family of I'd rather face a crocodile than meet a ladies' school

Thomas à Becket? There was a Thomas Becket,

supposed to be a kinsman of the archbishop, living (or perhaps with transposition of meet and face). at Westerham, in Kent, towards the end of the This he dates from memory about 1850. His sug- seventeenth century. I am endeavouring to prove gestion seems not unlikely, unless it can be shown his connexion with the family of Thomas à Becket. that “ crocodile” in this application is earlier. I The arms of the Beckets, of Westerbam, were Or, first heard it in London in 1868 or 1869. It has

on a chevron between three lions' heads erased since then generated a verb; a distinguished gules, a fleur de lis between two annulets of the lecturer, according to the Pall Mall Gazette of Geld. The arms at Lambeth Palace, supposed to April 25, 1889, * urged the desirability of sub- be those of the archbishop, are Argent, three stituting lawn tennis, and even cricket, for the bechets (or choughs) sable. F. PALMER. everlasting 'crocodiling' about the streets which is

Datchet. RO dear to the hearts of all schoolmistresses." Further historical notes will be welcomed by MITCHELL FAMILY.-Can any one oblige me

J. A. H. MURRAY. with pedigrees of any of the following ? Margaret Oxford.

Gordon, daughter of Gordon of Ellon, in ScotJUDGES' ROBES : COUNSELS' Gowns.- Will

land, who married Hugh Henry Mitchell, of Dublin ;

; also, Mary Webber, who married Hugh any of your readers kindly give or refer me to authentic information on these matters ? Why do Henry

Mitchell, of Glasnevin, who was father of the judges robes differ; and why do the common the above Hugh Henry; also, Hugh Henry Law judges appear sometimes in one kind of robe

Mitchell, of Glasnevin.

D. R. PACK BERESFORD. and sometimes in another? Wby and when was a distinction made between silk and stuff gowns ?

Fonagh House, Bagenalstown. The gown, I suppose, has an academical origin ;

Pigott.-Can any correspondent of 'N. & Q.' but I am told the stuff gownsman of antiquarian tell me who the Pigott, Esq., was, who tastes can give interestiog details of its make and married Susan, daughter of Alex. Telfer Smollett

P.

(died 1799), of Bonhill, co. Dumbarton ? This lady “Ex AFRICA SEMPER ALIQUID NOVI.”—I shall married secondly Edmund Nagle, of co. Cork.

PIGOTT. be very glad if you can give me chapter and verse of the well-known quotation,

Ex Africa semper

MINIFIE.—Can any one give me the origin of aliquid novi.” I believe the substance of it this surname? Prince, in his 'Worthies of Devon,' originally occurs in Herodotus, but, at any rate, mentions a Jerom Minify, who settled near Honiton was frequently quoted by one or more of the Latin about 1600, from Burwash, Surrey, and Tuckett, authors.

W. A. WILLS. in his Devonshire pedigrees, mentions a family

named Menifie, of Polbil), in Kent, which settled “OMERIFICAN."-On the title-page of " Novum in Devon in the sixteenth century. Wbat is the Testamentum Græcum, ex officinâ R. Stephani, likeliest derivation ?

R. M. PRATT, Lutetiæ, 1549,” is a written extract, specifying it 254, Cowbridge Road, Cardiff. as the "Omerifican” edition. What is the meaning of the word ? Is this a rare or valuable edition? HERALDRY.-Can any of your readers inform me

G. L. FENTON. in what publication an article recently appeared on

useo.

this subject, containing the statement, amongst rites of the day ('De rerum Inventoribus,' bk. ii. others, that there bad never been any grants of arms, ch. 17).

E. W. but that various devices bad been adopted by the knights for use upon their bappers as emblems by

“BOXING HARRY," — When George Borrow, which they should be recognized, without any in the summer of 1854, reached the village of royal grant, or any reference to any functionary? Pentraeth Coch, in Anglesey, Mrs. Pritchard, the I am told the article I am desirous of finding hostess, could offer her hungry guest no fresh meat, appeared in an evening paper some two or three and, of course, suggested bacon and eggs, wheremonths since.

THIRLESTAINE.

upon the Romany Rye exclaimed, “I will have

the bacon and eggs with tea and bread-and-butter, BERKSHIRE TOPOGRAPHY: DUNSTAN HOUSE. - not forgetting a pint of ale-in a word, I will boz The above-mentioned bouse, formerly the seat of Harry.” Later on be explained that a great many

comthe Warings and Crofts, is described by Roque (in years ago, when he was much amongst his ‘Survey of Berks') as being in 1761 one of mercial gents,” those whose employers were in a the most magnificent mansions in the county. small way of business, or allowed them insufficient Can any reader inform me, or refer me to informa- salaries, frequently used to "box Harry," that is tion, as to its history, when and by whom it was have a beefsteak or mutton-chop, or perhaps bacon built, and the origin of its name? Nash and

and

eggs, with tea and ale, instead of the regulation Angus do not help, nor does Moule.

dinner of a commerical gentleman, namely, fish, OLD BERKSHIRE.

hot joint and fowl, pint of sherry, tart, ale and

obeese, and bottle of port at the end of all ('Wild A COFFEE-HOUSE IN CAELSEA.- The following Wales, chap. xxxiii.). This phrase is probably passage will be found in the description of his extinct now; at any rate, I have never heard it. prison lodging at Newgate by the author of “The Can any origin for it be suggested ? History of the Press-yard.......London, 1717, 8vo.":

JAMES HOOPER. “The Table and Chairs were of the like Antiquity

Norwich, and Use; and Potiphar's Wife's Chambermaid's Hât at the Coffee-bouse in Cbelsea, had as fair a Claim to any “LARGE AND SMALL PAPER COPIES." - Where Modern Fashion, as any one Thing in the Room."

can I find full particulars of the origin of the What does he mean?

terms "large paper" and "small paper" as applied DRUMMOND-MILLIKEN. to books; and what work was the first so published ?

W. B. GERISH. GIRTON, co. CAMBRIBGE, COURT ROLLS. I shall be glad of information as to the whereabouts

THE QUEEN AND ROBERT OWEN.-Some short of such of these records as relate to the period time ago I came across the following paragraph, in between, say, 1516 and 1720. I shall be further a weekly contemporary, signed “ C. D.":greatly obliged for information as to deeds or

“The Victorian era fairly commences with the birth records prior to 1650 relating to Girton.

of the Queen, Robert Owen, the Socialist, was the first MARK W. BULLEN. man who had the infant Queon in his arms, placed Barnard Castle.

there by her father, bis friend, the Duke of Kent-an

incident as deserving record as much else we find in Peg WOFFINGTON'S ALMSHOUSES.-One of the print.” last acts of Prg Woffi ogton's life was to build and Can any correspondent substantiate this from endow a number of almshouses at Teddington, io apy trustworthy source ?

JOSEPCOLLINSON. Middlesex, where she died and is buried. This is Wolsingham, co. Durham. mentioned by Doran and even later writers. The cottages still stand, but have become private pro

ARABELLA FERMOR.-Is it known whether this perty. Can any of your readers tell me the date lady, the passive cause of the composition of the and under what circumstances the charity was Rape of the Lock,' was in any way related to abolished or transformed ? A reply direct would Thomas Fermor, Lord Leominster, who was created be greatly esteemed by

C. W. Pitt. Earl of Pomfret in 1721 (a title which became 25, Water Street, Boothen, Stoke-on-Trent.

extinct in 1867), the year after he married the

granddaughter of the famous (or infamous) Judge “SACERDOTES CORONATI."-Can

any of the
Jeffreys ?

W. T. Lynn. readers of ' N. & Q.' refer me to a fuller account Blackheath. of the following custom, mentioned by Polydore Vergil?_He says that in various countries, in. CHAMBERS'S LONDON JOURNAL.'--Can any cluding England, it was the custom for the priests one inform me when this weekly periodical ceased, on great festivals to wear crowns or garlands during and how long its caroor ran? The name was, I divine service, and especially in London, where the suppose, adapted from its Edinburgh contempriests of St. Paul's, on the apostle's festival in porary, and it was issued in much the same form June, wear crowns while performing the sacred (small folio) as was the first series of that journal, and patterned on the same lines. It was in existence about 1845, was edited, I believe, by La

Beplies. man Blanchard, and contained_much good and aseful information in its pages. Prior to his death

PORTRAITS AS BOOK-PLATES. my friend Corpelius Walford was engaged upon

(8th S. iii. 81.) the compilation of a 'Dictionary of Periodical

In placing the portrait-plate of Pepys in his colLiteraturo'—a magnum opus indeed. He had collection of "book-plates," one might easily imagine lected an immense amount of materials when death that Mr. Egerton Castlé had been led astray. Yet I put an end to his work. Many of his valuable am informed by my friend Mr. Wheatley tbat Pepys's MSS. left behind were destroyed or damaged by a portrait was used as an ex-libris, and was pasted in disastrous fire which took place at the house where Pepysian volumes, which I cannot belp thinking a his widow resided at Seal, near Sevenoaks.

pity, it having the appearance of a frontispiece. It John PICKFORD, M.A.

is a line engraving, and a good work of art, digne to EY ABBEY.—I take Ey to mean Eye. To which face a title, but hardly suited to grace an opening Eye—that of Hereford, Northampton, or Suffolk coverture of millboard backed by marbled or other does this “celebrated ruin” belong? There is no

tinted

paper. mention of a topographical history of either Eye in

I do not say that such portrait-plates of the Anderson, the only reference book I have by me frontispiece" order have not been used to denote jast now.

W. F. WALLER.

book ownership, for I know that they have, yet

the Kneller-White looks as if asking to face a St. JERON. - The Rev. G. G. Honig, the parish title-page, and that alone. In the Plantin Museum priest of Noordwyk, near Leiden, Holland, has at Antwerp there is evidence of an owner's porwritten to the Catholic News to inquire if any- trait from a copper-plate having been worked upon thing is known in this country as to the life of the blank back of a title-page, an indelible imSt. Jeron. He was a missionary in Frisia and print, not easy to detatch, or possible to deface, by Holland, and was martyred at Noordwyk in or any means short of splitting the paper. On the about the year 856. He is believed to have been backs of titles book.plates are sometimes found a native of England or Scotland.

affixed.

EDWARD PEACOCK. The Musée Plantin is particularly sparse in Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

specimens of the ex-libris order, a fact M. Max

Roses, the custodian, considers due to the collecHERALDIC. - Whose are the following arms ? tions being the creation of the imprimerie, and not Quarterly: 1. Sable, an eagle displayed argent, to a selection. crowned with an electoral bonnet gules, guarded Regarding the Pepys “kit-cat," I can argent (or ermine). 2. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, nothing to connect it with the Bibliothèque—no three archers' bows (1) gules, on a chief azure, three arms, view, legend, livre, or device-hence it appears besants ; 2 and 3, Parted per saltire, or and azure, reasonable to delete it to the frontispiece, or to the two cinquefoils of (or perhaps besants) in pale. 3. picture frame. I can remember the time when all Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or. on a bend azure three books of standing could be purchased in the sheets, fears-de-lys (or perhaps eagles displayed), or, a and it was then that such plate printing must have torteau at sinister chief ; 2 and 3, Gules, a chevron been done upon the back of the bastard or the full between three crosses or. 4. As 1, impaled with title itself. Argent, a fess gules between three wolves' heads Portrait book-plates are rare. I have a few, of proper, langued of the second, a crescent gules for which I will take three as types. First, Róbt. difference. Crest, on a torce arg. and sa, an eagle Udny, of Udny, Esq., F.R.S. and S.A. Above is displayed argent, crowned with electoral boonet a medallion portrait by Robt. Cosway, R.A., engules, guarded ermine (or argent).

graved by W. H. Gardiner, and below, occupying The above arms are on a three-quarter panel equal space, the arms with supporters, temp. picture of a knight, signed by Cornelius Jansen, 1810-20. Secondly, I have that of Joseph Knight, now in possession of a gentleman in Oxfordshire.

etched by W. B. Scott, who was here at his best S. C. L. CLOSE.

in portraying the literal, and not the imaginative. St. VICTOR. - What is known of the life and Many of the plates by H. S. Marks, R.A., are porhistory of this saint ? Can any correspondent traits ; and those that are not, posterity will put describe his symbols, mottoos, arms, or character. down as such, as it is a great deviser of meanings istics?

PHILOTECHNIC.

never meant. The third example I would mention

is my own, an older, and a newer, plate than either, DRESS IN 1784.–What was the usual colour of the border being both bookish and heraldic, of the coat worn by gentlemen in the year 1784 ; and eighteenth century origio, engraved by Kitchen, had the profession of the wearer anything to do the centre portrait being by "Sol" ("c'est à dire with the colour ?

E. S. P. photogravure"), an effigy that when worn in the

see

proven

bat has perilled an election, though on the shelf called upon to make this remark, as MR. HENDRIKS proved a protection.

refers to me in quoting from Mr. Castle, and then Portrait ex-libris is a personality that becomes pats my testimony aside as quite upworthy of still more pleasing when placed in a library per credit. Being so sceptical, I think MR. HENDRIKS, spective, with all its surroundings. Can any before writing his letter, wight as well have taken examples be added? The, citation of such of the train to Cambridge or the omnibus to Burling. seventeenth or eighteenth century portraiture ton House. At both those places he might have will be very welcome to collectors.

satisfied bis mind. HENRY B. WAEATLEY. John LEIGHTON, F.S.A., V.P. X.L.S. Ormonde, Regent's Park.

No doubt these are very uncommon for the

sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but they have MR. HENDRIKS is sceptical on two points which existed, although MR. HENDRIKS 'may be quite do not admit of doubt, and he questions state- right in saying that the fact bas not been so far ments made by Mr. Egerton Castle which are proven.' I have in my collection of ex-libris a absolutely correct. The book-plates of Pepys, very good specimen, which I took from the cover although scarce, are well known to collectors. The of a book myself, and if this be thought insufficient late Dr. Diamond told me some years ago that he evidence, on the ground that a later possessor might had found a large number of these portrait book- bave inserted it, I fortunately bave another still plates in an old tobacco-box, but he had given them in situ, the cover being stamped with the arms and all away. I never before heard any one doubt that name of the nobleman whose portrait appears in Pepys pasted bis portrait into his books, and the ex-libris. So may we not take it as every one who has had the privilege of visiting the that portraits were used as personal book-plates in Pepysian Library at Magdalene College, Cam- the seventeenth century! for luckily both mine are bridge, has seen them there. It will, therefore, dated exc-libris, the first doubly dated, by chronoastound those who know to read such a sentence gram of 1668, and by the engraver, who adds to as this:

his name the date 1667. The second is dated * If it could be ascertained as a fact that this portrait 1609. I have also one dated 1614, with a fine was really pasted by Pepys in the books of his library, portrait, head of a man with flowing beard ; but as as well as employed by him, as is certain, for a frontis. ibis is the ex-libris of Michael Bardt von Harmapiece to his book above referred to the discovery would ding und Basenpach, it may be only a punning be curious as well as convincing.”

device on his name, and not really his portrait. MR. HENDRIKS might have taken the trouble to But surely most collectors know of the beautiful look at available sources of information before engraved portrait of John Hacket, Bishop of Lichwriting about " discoveries" still to be made.

field, by W. Faithorne, dated 1670, and placed on IN

my Samuel Pepys and the World he lived the inside cover of every book bequeathed by the in,' p. 239, I describe the two portrait book-plates learned bishop. This may be more of an ec-dono as follows (MR. HENDRIKS does not allude to than an ex-libris, but at least there is here the more than one, although Mr. Castle mentions using the likeness of the owner as a personal mark botb): 1. Robert White. Koeller, painter. Portrait in doubted or in question.

in all his books, and this is the very thing that is

NE QUID NIMIS. 8 carved oval frame, bearing inscription, “ Sam. East Hyde. Pepys. Car. et Jac. Angl. Regib. a. Secretis. Ad. miraliæ.” Motto under the frame, “ Mens cujus

Longfellow's 'SONG OF THE SILENT LAND' que is est quisque." Large book-plate.

(8th S. ii. 507 ; iii. 14).-In the original German 2. Robert White. Kneller

, painter. Portrait in poem by J. G. von Salis, simply entitled “Lied' an oval medallion on a scroll of paper. Motto (" Song "), we read :over his head “Mens cujusque is est quisque”; Der mildeste von unsers Scbicksals Boten anderneath the same inscription as ou No. 1. Winkt uns, die Fackel umgewandt, Small book-plate.

These words would run thus in a literal transThe point respecting Pirck heymer's portrait is lation : "The mildest (or kindest) herald of our pot so well known; but as every one of Pirck fate beckons us with inverted torch.” heymer's books in the old Norfolk library at the without saying that by this berald with torch inRoyal Society has passed through my hands, I can verted the poet meant Death (cf. Lessing's splendid Bay from actual inspection that the large portrait essay, 'How the Ancients represented Death'= was pasted in many of the books. I hope I shall Wie die Alten den Tod gebildet '). It is also not be considered discourteous if I say that Mr. Clear now that those editions of the American HENDRIKS's last sentence, “The affirmative of poet's works which have faith instead of fate are the proposition would appear to be still not proven undoubtedly wrong. It may be further observed by the ordinary laws of evidence,” is quite mon. that Longfellow has allowed himself an occasional strous. The statements rest on evidence which liberty with the original. The opening lines of would be accepted in any court of law. I feel the second starzı, “Into the Silent Land ! To

It goes

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