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At length, day appearing, the go- ment, who drew out a detachment of vernor was informed, that the inhabi- the whole garrison, and with it, made tants were flying in crowds to the a desperate sally, to shew bow little westermost part of the town. The he was moved at their thunder. The governor, attended by the above-men- bombs from the castle played on the tioned gentlemen, and about five or town more violently, and the shot six other officers, went to the west- galied every corner of their streets ; battery, to inform himself better. Af. which resentment they continued till ter he had remained there about a the arrival of our tieet which they quarter of an hour, Lieutenant-Colonel had expected so long *. Thornicroft desired him to remove, as
On the fifth of April, about eight being unable to do any service there; o'clock in the morning, Sir Edward he and Colonel Sibourg both answer. Whitaker's squadron arrived and ated, that no danger was to be appre- tempted the relief of the castle ; his hended there more than in any other ships were the Defiance, Northumberplace, and that there they would wait land, Essex, York, and Dunkirk. the event. The Lieutenant-Colonel The last went within the line, kas remained, because his superiors did, drawing less water than the other, in and other officers imitated the same three and a half fathom : then layug example : but the hour of five being her broadside to the east part of the now considerably past, the corporal's town, began to cannonade a battery guard cried out, that the train was of four guns, and two others raised tired, observing some smoke from the under the hill, each mounted with lighted matches, and other combusti- two guns, and from the mole-head, a ble matter near it, from whence the forty-two pounder. The wind having same ascended to the centinels above. been fresh the night before, and an The governor and field-offcers were unhappy swell rolling in from the then urged to retreat, but refused.- eastward at eleven, the great ships The mine at last blew up; the rock were obliged to weigh their anchors, opened and shut; the whole mountain making out of cannon-shot. The Dunielt the convulsion; the governor and kirk, having much of her "igging dafield officers with their company, ten maged, and her small bower cut beguns, and two mortars, were buried in tween one and two, fell fast a-stern, the abyss ; the walls of the castle lying exposed to the enemy's shot, shook, part of the great cistern fell, bombs, and carcases, till three in the another cistern almost closed, and the afternoon, at which time, by winding sock shut a man to his neck in its the right way, she got off. The weaclift, who lived many hours in that af. ther continuing very bad till the seflicting posture. About thirty-six cen- venth, and it not being known what tinels and women were swallowed in extremities the garrison might be undifferent quarters, whose dying groans der, and the enemy encreasing consiwere heard, some of them after the derably in strength, the general sent a fourth mournful day. Many houses of
flag the town were overwhelmed in their ruins, and the castle suffered much; but, that it wears any form at all, was * This Major-General Richards, tho' owing to the vent which the explo- an Englishman, was an officer in the sion forced through the veins of the
King of Spain's service, and of the Rorock, and the countermine. After the mish religion; there perished, besides loss of the chief officers, the govern- Captains, three Lieutenants, forty."
the officers mentioned in the texi, five ment fell of course to Lientenant Co- soldiers, all the miners, and about thira lonel Dalbeume, of Sibourg's regi- ty peasants.
flag of truce a-shore, with proposals perfected an invention, known only
or surrendering the castle ; which was to himself, of the greatest importance agreed to, and our men embarked. to the commercial world, a mode of
engraving Bank-Note Plates, which cannot fail to prove a check against
forgery. The instrument by which Memoirs of the Progress of Manu- they are produced is extremely intri
FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, cate, and constructed on a plan entireand the FINE ARTS.
ly out of the common routine of me
chanics. The note may be compreTHE appearance of a meteor is hended at one glance, consisting mere
mentioned in many of the north- ly of straight and waved lines, curiern provincial newspapers in October. ously combined, and forming a varieOn comparing their accounts, they all gated tint, at once simple in appearscem to refer to one and the same me- ance, and inimitabic in execution, reteor, seen at places very remote from conciling two principles naturally in each other, and in all nearly at the direct opposition to cach other. The same instant of time, a few minutes mathematical accuracy with which before eight P. M. on the 17th of the lines are laid agreeably to this that month. , It passed in a north- plan, is beyond the power of man easterly direction, and appeared at no strictly to imitate by the common megreat altitude ; but its real height must thod of engraving, even allowing that live been considerable, otherwise it the first-rate artists were to employ could not bave been seen in so many their talents to that purpose. Speciremote places at the same instant. It mens have been submitted to a numwas seen as far north as Aberdeen, ber of the most distinguished artists ; and as far south as Hull. Its apparent -among others—to Messrs Sharp, diameter was somewhat less than that Fuller, W. Skelton, J. Skelton, Neaof the moon, and in some places it gle, Milton, and Scoit—and have reseemed to have a tail, throwing off ceived their decided approbation. coruscations of great brilliancy. It Mr William Skrimshire, jun. has diffused a very vivid, pale light, and made some observations on the fecula was visible in its progress for a few of potatoes, and some other British veseconds.
getables, which, during the present Anexperienced Propagator of Trees, high price of bread, scem particularly Shrubs, and Plants, has discovered a worthy of attention. One thousand cheap and eificacious method of propa- grains of the former roots yielded 111 gating, by cuttings, all kinds of Fruit- grains of fine white fecula, when pertrees, without the aid of artificial heat. fectly dry, which he recommends not By this novel and advantageous sys- only as the most economical means of tem, it appears that we are not only fattening cattle and pigs, but also as a enabled with certainty to propagate very palatable and nutritious food for any particular species, but preserve, man. This fecula, which is generally with the strictest purity, the more valu- known to laundresses by the name of able fruits, without liability to adulter- potatoe starch, is obtained by the proalion or degeneracy, the certain con- cess which they employ. Formed insequence of budding or grafting upen to small cakes, and dried in the open imgenial and improper stocks, and air, or by a gentle heat, this preparaavoid the common inconvenience of tion will keep for many years. When receivmg erronecus sorts from public the fecula and pulp are mixed togenurseries.
ther, and thus prepared, half an ounce Mr Jaines Archer, engraver, has of it will, says Mr Skrimshire, gelatiDec. 1809.
nize so large a quantity of boiling wa- confirmed the accuracy of his researter as to afford a sufficient meal for ches, by obtaining similar results by a any labouring person in health. It different process, Messrs Gay and may be sweetened either with molas- Thenard have succeeded in deoxidatses or sugar; or being boiled with an ing potash by means of iron, The onion or pot-herbs, and seasoned with event is announced in Correspondence pepper and salt, it will make a very sur l'Ecole Imperiale Polytechnique, palatable, wholesome, and nutritious Number 10, in the following terms: soup. If this preparation be boiled -“ A letic: from London, dated with milk, sweetened with sugar, and November 23, 1807, announced that flavoured with a little wine or spice, Mr Davy had succeeded, by means it forms the most nourishing and res- of a strong galvanic pile, in decompotorative food that can possibly be ad- sing the two alkalis of polash and soministered to the sick and convales- da; and that he had read a memois cent. From the ease with which it is to the Royal Society, in which he condigested, it is peculiarly adapted to cluded that these two alkalis were methe impaired organs of the debauchee, tallic oxides. On the 3d of Decemand the feeble powers of infancy. ber, Messrs Gay and Thenard repeatWith a larger proportion of the pre- ed Mr Davy's experiments at the la. paration, a stiff jelly may be formed, boratory of the Polytechnic School, which, acidulated with lemon-juice, or and actually obtained at the negative any other vegetable acid, becomes the pole of a pile, with large plates, the best domestic remedy that can be em- two new metals, the existence of which ployed in every species of sore throat. had not even been suspected previous The pure fecula, the author asserts, to Mr Davy's experiments. The awill be found superior in every res- bove chemists, however, continued the pect to salep, sago, arrow-root, or any inquiry in a new point of view. They of the vege able preparations of that proposed to themselves the discovery of kind, which have been so pompously a substance sufficiently oxidizable to advertised and recommended to the take off the oxygen frcm ihe alkalis, public by persons interested in the sale which had been ascertained to be meof them. Another use to which Mr tallic oxides, and their experiments Skrimshire has applied potatoes, is were attended with the greatest suclikewise worthy of notice :-" I have On the 7th of March, 1808, frequently formed a very grateful and they informed the Institute of France, nutritious beverage (says he) from po- that, upon treating potash with iron, tatoes sliced, roasted to a coifee co- in the fire of a reverberating furnace, lour, then ground in a mill, and mixed the iron deoxidated the potash, and with a sixteenth of its weight of the made it pass to the metallic state." best Turkey coffee.” The other ve- M. Maelzl, a German mechanist, getable productions on which Mr is at present exhibiting at Paris an Skrimshire has made experiments, are Automaton of a singular construction. the horse-chesnut, acorns, and the root The figure represents a trumpeter in of the red-berried briony, commonly the uniform of the band of the French called mandrake, and of the cuckow. Imperial Guards, and at the word of pint, or wake - robin. All of these command raises a trumpet to its mouth, yield a large proportion of fecula, and plays some exquisite pieces of which forms a nutritious food for man martial music. The whole of the meor other animals.
chanism is contained within the chest he nch chemists have not only of the Automaton : its feet rests upoz repeated Mr Davy's experiments on a board to which castors are affixed, the decomposition of alkalis, but have and the proprietor moves it from place
to place, in the exhibition room, to of these as a supplement to the general shew that there is no communication history. For this purpose, these mewith any other apartment. In this moirs of Sir Robert Cary appear to us respect it is superior to the celebrated very well suited. Sir Robert appears Automaton fute-player of M. Vau- to have been a very accomplished gencanson, which once made so much tleman, according to the standard of noise in Europe: the latter figure re- that age; a brave officer, a skilful and clined against a wall, behind which assiduous courtier. He appears to some complicated machinery was sup- have enjoyed the successive favour of posed to be placed. The most won- Elizabeth, James I, and Charles I.; derful part of M. Maelzl's Automa- for though the last-mentioned monarch lon, is the effect produced by the lips dismissed hiu, (for what reason does of the figure upon the trumpet, which not appear) from his office of chamare made to exhibit all the delicacy of berlain, yet he settled a handsome pentouch peculiar to the lips of the hu- sion upon him, and created him Earl than body. No jarring or creaking of Monmouth. sound of machinery is to be heard, al- A considerable part of these metho' the ear is applied close to the bo- moirs is rather meagre and unintereso" dy of the Automaton, nor can any ting; but there are two subjects on musical sound be emitted unless when which they enter more into particulars, the trumpet is applied to the mouth. and are most curious and amusing inAt the conclusion of the exhibition, deed. These are the private characM. Maelzl sits down to a pianoforte, ter of Queen Elizabeth, and the state and his trumpeter performs an accom- of manners on the borders of England paniment to several pieces of music, and Scotland. with all the precision of a first-rate No Sovereign of England perhaps performer. M. Maelzl has already has enjoyed so high a reputation, livdistinguished himself by several im- ing and dead, as Queen Elizabeth. provements on musical instruments, Her reign is always appealed to as the
most glorious period in our annals ;
nay, though one of the most arbitrary SCOTTISH REVIEW.
of sovereigns, she is the idol even of
the whigs. Yet on an attentive exami1. Memoirs of Robert Cary, Earl of what it is that is so very great in her
nation it may be diffcult to discover Monmouth. Written by himself.
character. We must admit indeed And Fragmenta Regalia; being a
that her ministers, and even, with one History of Queen Elizabeth's fa- signal exception, her favourites, were vourites. By Sir Robert Naunton. well chosen; and that, at no period, With Explanatory Annotations.
a greater number of accomplished 8vo. 10s. 60.
men appeared on the theatre of public M
EMOIRS furnish the materials life. In regard to her domestic eco
of history, but it does not follow, nomy, she was not involved in any pethat after having performed this of- culiar difficulties; the most important fice, they are to be throw:n aside as affairs being those of Scotland, where, useless or uninteresting. Not only for whatever we may say of her prudence, those who wish to carry on researches we cannot much praise her generosity. of their own, but even for the general Foreign affairs were more important ; reader, they possess considerable at- and here much cannot be said in her traction. To see " the very age and favour. The timid and feeble aid givbody of the time," nothing can be en by her to the cause of civil and remore effectual than the perusal of a few ligious liberty, which was so gloriously
and so hardly contended for, with you think it reason for this you have the sordid stipulations by which that done, yet the world abroad, who know aid was clogged, give no high idea
not the cause of bis so sudden leaving either of generosity or enlarged poli- weakness in him, and a base cowardli
his army to another, will esteem it a cy. The defeat of the invincible ar
ness in him to leave the army, now, mada threw a great lustre round her when he should nieet the King and his reign, and her conduct there was cer- whole army for the besieging of Roan. tainly spirited; yet fortune, at least' You will be deceived, Madam, if you as much as conduct, decided that event. think he will ever after this have to do Her reputation seems to have been
with court or state affairs. I know his
full resolution is to retire to some cell very much raised by a certain accominodation of her character to that of
in the country, and to live there, as a
man never desirous to look a good man the English people; a sort of rough,
in the face again. And in good faithi, bustling good sense, which, in that age Madam, to deal truly with your Majesty, particularly, seems to characterise I think you will not have him a long. them, and which brought her more lived man after his return. The late home to them, than more polished and
loss of his brother, whom he loved so dignified qualities could have done.
dearly, and this heavy doom that you
have laid upon him, will in a short time The following dialogac may amuse break his heart. Then your Majesty our readers. The Queen had recal- will have sufficient satisfaction for the led Essex from France immediately offence he hath committed against you." before the siege of Rouen. Cary, who She seemed to be something offended was the friend of Essex, came over to at my discourse, and bade me go to dirdeprecate this recal at so critical a
I desired her, that if she pleased period.
to command me any service, I might know her pleasure in the afternoon, for
I meant with all the haste I could make I spake with most of the council be.
to return to my charge. I had scarce fore the Queen was stirring, who assu. red me, that there was no removing of made an end of my dinner, but I was her Majesty from her resolution, and
sent for to come to her again. She de
livered me a letter, writen with her advised me to take heed that I gave
own hand * to my Lord, and bade me no cause to be offended with me, by
tell him, that “if there were any thing persuading her for his stay, which they
in it that did picase him, he should give assured me would do no good, but ra. ther hurte About ten of the clock she
me thanks for it." I humbly kissed
her hand, and said to her, “ I hoped sent for me. I delivered her my Lord's
there was in it that which would make letter. She presently burst out into a
him of the most dejected man living, 1 great rage against my Lord, and vowed she would make him an example to all
new creature, rejoicing in nothing so
much as that he liad to serve so worthy the world, if he presently left not his
and so gracious a mistress." P. 28. charge, and returned upon Sir Francis Darcey's coming to him. I said no- Soon after this Cary thought prothing to ber till she had read his leiter. She seemed to be meanly well content
per to inarry ; and the match, by his ed with the success at Gorny, and then
own account, seems to have been very I said to her,
good “ Madam, I know my Lord's care is such to obey all your coinmands, as he * This is as strong an instance as poswill not make one hour's stay after Sir sible of the Queen's affection to Lord Francis hath delivered him his fatal Essex. It is evident her own heart, not doom; but. Madam, give me leave to the discourse of Mr Cary, although pro. let your Majesty know before hand, per and judicious, extorted from her what you shall truly find at his return, that letter. She satisfied herself with after he hath had the happiness to see the pleasure of writing to him, when you, and kiss your hand. He doth so his glory deferred the pleasure of her sensibly feel his disgrace, and however