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EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR DECEMBER 1808.
Description of CASTLE-CRAIG, wal microcephale, which had been CASILE-CRAIG, the seat of Sir lately cast ashore at Weisdále Sound
Thos. Gibson Carmichael, Bart. in Zetland. The description was açlies in the county of Peebles, and pa- companied with a correct drawing rish of Kirkurd. It is beautifully si- of the animal, which is to be engratuated on an eminence, which, in for- ved. mer times, was a Roman station. It At the same meeting, Dr Ogilby commands a view of the vale of the of Dublin read a paper on the Transiriver Tearth, and has, in the distance, tion Greenstone of Fassnet in East the ruins of Drochil Castle, formerly Lothian, which, besides much valuable one of the principal residences of Re- mineralogical information, contained 2 gent Morton, now the property of the satisfactory answer to the query proDuke of Queensberry.
posed some time ago by professor Ja. Castle Craig was formerly called meson in regard to the geognostic reKirkurd; the modern name was a. 'lations of the rocks of this tract of dopted by the late proprietor, out of country. The descriptions of the respect for the memory of his grand- individual rocks, and their general uncle, Dr William Carmichael, Bi- and particular geognostic relations, shop of Meath, in Ireland, whose re- were detailed with abihty; and the sidence in that kingdom was so called. interest of the whole was increased by
The present proprietor is the repre- acute observations on the mode of exsentative of the family of Gibson amining and discriminating rocksma of Durie. He adopted the name of subject of high value, particularly to Carmichael, in consequence of suc- those who may be employed in exaceeding to the estate of the late John, mining the mineralogy of a country. Earl of Hyndford, his maternal grand- The following gentlemen have been uncle.
elected office-bearers of this Society for 1809.
President. Robert Jameson, Esq.
F.R.S. Prof. Nat. Hist. Proceedings of the Wernerian Natural Vice-Presidents. Dr Wm. Wright, History Society.
F.R.S.; Rev. Dr Macknight, F.R.S.; AT T the meeting of this Society, Dr John Barclay, F.R.S. Dr Thoni
10th Dec. the Secretary read a son, F.R.S. communication from the Rev. Mr Of the Council
. Brig. Gen. Dirom; Fleming of Bressay, describing a Nar- Lieut. Col. Fullerton; c. S. Menwhal, or Sea-Unicorn, (of the sort de- teith, Esq. Dr James Home, F.R.S. ; nominated by La Cepede, Le Nar. Dr John Yule; James Russel, Esq.
F.R.S. Charles Anderson, Esq., and from N. E. The snow lies nearly : Charles Stewart, Esq.
foot deep all around Edinburgh. This Treasurer. Patrick Walker, Esq. fall has been accompanied with a conSecretary. Patrick Neill, Esq. siderable relaxation of the intensity of
the cold. Monthly Memoranda in Natural His
P.S.-UNIVERSITY MUSEUM. Atory.
mong the memoranda in Scottish naDec. 4. A Remarkable variety of turad history, the great improvements
1808. in these few days, been received from this museum, deserve a distinguished the Highlands. It seems to be a hy- place. The room has been rendered brid bird, between the black-cock and spacious, by removing the partition the red-grous. The specimen has been walls, and making it extend the whole carefully preserved by Mr Douglas of length of the large building in which Orchardton.
it is situated. The plan of the inte10. A very large Rock-crys- rior is judicious, and at the same time tal, from Braemar in Aberdeenshire, very elegant; reflecting equal credit may at present be seen in the jewel- on the judgement and taste of the lery shop of Messrs Marshall and Co. Professor of Natural History, and on High Street. It consists properly of the liberality of the Magistrates of two six-sided prisms united longitu- Edinburgh. A large stove, having dinally. The substance of the planes tinned-iron tubes attached to it, conwhich form the acuminated end of the veys heated air to different parts of specimen, is much lighter in colour the room. The side walls are coverthan the body of the crystals; the ed with handsome glass-cases, incloformer being of a pale yellow, while sing specimens of quadrupeds, birds, the latter is of a clove brown. The fishes, serpents, shells, corals, &c. whole weighs no less than 19 lbs. The collection of these is, it must be
It cost the present owners confessed, not yet so ample as could above 40 guineas !-a signal proof of be wished; but, now that a suitable the great demand for ornaments of repository is prepared, and an active Scotch topaz, as our smoke-coloured and zealous keeper appointed, there is rock-crystals are generally called. every reason to hope that the public
. 17. Hitherto the winter has, spirit of our countrymen will induce contrary to early indications, been ra- many, both at home and abroad, to ther open and mild. Till this date, increase the collection, by presenting several of the late-flowering asters, an- such rare or curious specimens as maj tirrhinums, stocks, &c. have continu- fall within their reach. The name of ed in bloom in the borders. But, this the donor, it may not be improper to day, it became intensely cold, so that, add, is always affixed to the label on at night, Fahrenheit's thermometer in. which the Linnean denomination of dicated 19o.
the specimen is written ; and it is 18. In little more than 24 probable that, in a very few years, a hours from the commencement of the catalogue raisonné may be published, frost, the skaters began to occupy the in which such donations will, of course, lakes of Duddingstone and Lochend. be recorded. Below the glass-cases
, The severity of the cold has already and in every recess, are numerous cut off all remains of vegetation in the drawers, (capable of containing ten flower gardens.
thousand specimens), for the recepDec. 23, 24. A very heavy fall tion of minerals. In this department
, of snow has succeeded, with the wind the museum is now peculiarly rich;
26. , }
having, besides the curious and inter- these having also, with much liberality esting Huttonian collection, lately re- and great propriety, been presented ceived in addition the extensive and to the Museum by Gilbert Laing valuable mineralogical stores of the Meason, Esq. on whose property, in late Dr William Thompson of Naples. the island of Stronsa, the animal was These, with Professor Jameson's own cast ashore. We are happy to unmineral cabinet, illustrated by his lec- derstand that a great part of the head tures, must render Edinburgh by far has been recovered; so that a pretty the most eminent school for mineralo- correct generic character may progy in this country,
bably yet be formed. From all that Since last month, some fragments we have learned, this curious creaof the Great Sea Snake formerly men. ture will form a new genus among tioned, have been received at the Uni- the Amphibia Nantes of Linnæus, versity Museum. These have been and it must certainly be considered as transmitted from Orkney by Mr Ur- the largest of fishes, properly so called. quhart of Elsness. The other parts which have been saved of this won- Edinburgh,
N. derful animal are daily expected : 26th Dec. 1808. Account of Receipt and Expenditure of EDINBURGH Charity Work-house, with
Remarks. “ Let not
grandeur hear with a disdainful smile The short and simple annals of the poor.”
To the Editor. LA AST year, I gratified myself by sending to you a statement of the affairs,
of the Charity Work-house in this city, as inserted in Vol. LXIX. P. 809. et seg. and I now desire leave to subjoin a view of the receipt and expenditure of the same establishment, in continuation : viz. from 1st July 1807 to 1st July 1808. RECEIPT.
EXPENDITURE. To balance due last year L.94 3 6 Maintenance L.2046 19 7 Church collections 1777 13 2 Petty charges * 176 15 10 Two per cent.
1265 14 5 Household fees and sala. Boarders in bedlam 296 72 ries
520 9 0 Ditto in the house 110 2 0 Clothing, bedding, and Paul's work mortification 199 9 1 furniture
712 11 2 Mr Hallowell, ditto 15 0 0 Washing, lighting, and Mr Shaw, ditto 10 0 0 coals
246 19 7 Casual revenue 687 12 2 Buildings, repairs, and fuCity of Edinburgh 200 0 0 nerals
152 14 1 Ditto for children left by
Children at nurse,
and faMr Richardson 150 0 0 milies
851 4 0 House in Henderson's
Temporary supplies 48 14 10 stairs
4 0 0 Mr Nielson, kirk-treasu.
Neat annualexpence L.4756 8 21
122 2 9 Debt prior to 1st July Mr Wilson, church-yard
71 1970 dues 70 5 3
221 11 9 Interest on dock bonds 47 10 0
Balance this year
L.5049 19 6
REMARKS.- In the course of this When the enormous poor rates * ; year, 621 have resided in the house ; the southern part of the island are ta68 children have been paid for at ken into consideration, I hold this to riufse; and 311 families and indivi- be a subject deeply interesting, and duals have been regularly supplied; worthy the notice of every fellow-citibeing in all 1000. Nota. The chil- zen. The prosperity of the funds undren of the present, and late kirk-trea- der various disadvantages, pronounces surer, are not included.
the best eulogium on the attention of The numbers stood in July 1805, the managers ; whilst the discretion of al 500. 1806, at 712. 1807 at 782. ihe present treasurer, (a quality the
Average charge of those maintain- incst necessary for the execution of 'ed, covering every article of expendi- any useful enterprize) enables him to ture, six pounds per annum, each indi- weigh each circunstance of the busividual.
ness he has undertaken, and to emSixty-five have died in the house ploy the surèst, and safest means for this year, whereof only 2 were chil- the attainment of the object in view. dren; although 23 of them, at one “ Honesty and fidelity are praised for time, were laid doión in measles.
" their immediate tendency to proThe numbers that have depended “ mote the interests of society ; but upon the establishment this year, are
u after those virtues are once estabdouble what were at 1st July 1805; “ lished upon this foundation, they are and although the comforts are so com- “ also considered as advantageous to plere in every department of the fami. " the person himself, and as the source ly, that it would be improper, in such “ of that trust and confidence which
an institution, to increase them, yet, can alone give a man any considerbesides having THE HOUSE FREE OF “ation in life." This opinion, I have DEBT, there has been paid since July the pleasure to observe, has been cor1805,
roborated by the directors of this in
stitution, as will be learned by the Of debt at that period,
following advertisement, copied from and funds to
the Courant of 29th Oct. last. whole
L. 1600 0 0 “At a general meeting of the manaRepairs in house, in
gers of the Edinburgh Charity Workbedlam, &c. &c. 50000 House, held on the 26th of October Goods and balances on
1808. --The meeting having consihand
500 0 0 dered the state of the funds, of which Loss sustained on 89
the preceding is an abstract, and harchildren left by
ing also considered the great and sucMr Richardson, late
cessful exertion which Mr Spankie, kirk-treasurer, after
the treasurer, has made to bring the deducting 1501.from
affairs of this house into proper order, the city these three
the uniform diligence and fidelity with years
800 0 0 which he has discharged the duties
of his office, and the important adL.3400 0 0 vantages which the institution has de
* In' the year 1803, the average of the that the whole of the money collected as rate per pound in England and Wales, pour rates, does not go exclusively to the was 4s, 5d. In Sussex, the assessment support of the poor part is applied towas 85. 74d, and in Carmartben, 125, 9d.' wards paying for raising the militia; in the pound ::
maintaining militiamen's farailies, and - At same time, it is proper to observe, other parochial expences.