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“ A part of my army has marched a. Paris, Oct. 26.
gainst that which Britain bas formed in The Emperor Napoleon, having left Spain, or has disembarked. It is a dis. Erfurth on the 14th, arrived at St Cloud tinguished favour of that Providence on the 20th, accompanied by his Mi. which has constantly protected our arms, nisters.
that passion has so tar blinded the BriYesterday his Majesty the Emperor tish Councils, that they abandon the de. and King went in great state to the fence of the scas, and at last produce Palace of the Legislative Body, in or.
their army on the Continent. der to open the sitting. His Majesty
“ I depart in a few days to pat my. ,' addressed the Assembly as follows:
self in person at the head of my army,
and, with God's help, to crowo the King “ Messieurs, the Deputies of the De. of Spain in Madrid, and to plant my
partments to the Legislative Body; eagles on the forts of Lisbon. “ The code of laws, laying down the “I have only to praise the sentiments principles of property and of civil free of the Princes of the Confederation of dom, which forms the subject of your the Rhine. Jabours, will be adopted as the senti. “ Switzerland experiences more and ment of Europe. My people already more the benefits of the act of mediaexperience the most salutary effects from tion. them.
“The people of Italy give me grounds “ The latest laws have laid the foun- for nothing but expressions of satisfacdation of our system of finance. This tion. is a monument of the might and great. " The Emperor of Russia and myself ness of France. We shall henceforward have had an interview at Erfurth. Our 'be able to meet the expenditure which first thought was a thought of peace. might be rendered necessary, even by a We have even resolved to make some general coalition of Europe, from our sacrifices, in order to enable the hunyearly income alone. Never shall we dred millions of men whom we reprebe reduced to have recourse to the fa. sent, if possible, the sooner to enjoy the tal expedients of paper money, of loans, benefits of the commerce of the seas. or of anticipation of revenue.
We are agreed, and unchangeably uni“ I have, in the present year, laid out ted, as well for peace as for war, more than a thousand miles of road. “ MESSIEURS DEPUTIES, The system of works which I have es- “I have ordered my Minister of Fitablished for the improvement of our nance, and of the General Treasury, to territory will be carried forward with lay before you an account of the receipt zeal.
and expenditure of the year. You will “ The prospect of the great French therein see, with satisfaction, that I have family, lately torn to pieces by opinions not felt it necessary to increase the tarif and intestine rancour, but now prosper- with any impost. My people shall exous, tranquil, and united, has affected perience no new burdens. my soul in a remarkable manner. I bave “ The Speakers of my Council of felt that, in order to be happy, I should State will submit to you many plans of in the first place be assured that France laws, and among others all those which was happy.
have relation to the criminal code. “ The peace of Presburg, that of Til- “ I rely constantly on your co-opesit, the assault of Copenbagen, the plans ration." of Britain against all nations on the His Majesty's speech excited the ocean, the different revolutions at Con- most lively emotion, and the sitting was stantinople, the affairs of Spain and Por- closed under repeated acclamations of tugal, have, in various ways, exércised Long live the Emperor! The same rejoi. an influence on the affairs of the world. cings were manifested in the streets
“ Russia and Denmark have united through which his Majesty passed. with me against Britain.
We do not find in this address any idea “ The United States of America have thrown out of a conditional abandonrather chosen to abandon commerce and ment of his designs against Spain ; whate the sea, than to acknowledge their sla. ever sacrifices he was to make for "gi very.
ving peace to the world," they certaia
ly were not to be found in Spain, nor ia statues of the villa Borghese, purchased any thing connected with her affairs. by his Majesty the Emperor. They The doom of that country is fixed, as chiefly consist of the Gladiator, the far as he can fix it. On the 27th Oct. a Achilles, the Venus, Victriæ, and a vas deputation of the Legislative Body re- of an uncommon size, and are destined paired to the palace of the Thuilleries, for the Museum Napoleon. aod Napoleon being seated on the throne, surrounded by his princes, and grandees,
HOLLAND. and Senators, and counsellors, their president Fontanes addressed the Emperor The only information that we have in a long speech, which we do not mean from this country relates to commercial to give at length, because it is remark. restrictions; it is in substance as fol. able for nothing but an extravagance of lows:adulation, equal to any thing that we The decree for shutting the Dutch have yet heard from any of the grovel- ports was so far modified, that vessels ling herd that lick the dust under the loaded before iis publication were to be feet of the tyrant. It might indeed pass suffered to proceed on their voyag-, but for a fine pičce of irony, in which the an unfair advantage is stated to have speaker, by praising him for all those been taken of this indulgence by the qualities that he does not possess, makes Dutch merchants, some of whom put the disgusting features of his character cargoes on board their vessels after the more prominent and more odious. He period allowed. The consequence was, dwells with rapture on the prosperity that another decree was issued, prohiand happiness which France enjoys from biting all vessels with Dutch produce, the discoveries of the only financier and having licences or not, from sailing aflegisiator of the age, whose coles will ter the 15th of November, and all such extend farther than his conquests, and vessels were held bound to return by reign without effort over 20 different the 30th of that month. After these nations. He then introduces us to Bo. two periods, their departure and return naparte as the greatest of captains, yet were absolutely prohibited, and the ports placing his glory not in conquering coun. were to be finally closed. We are also tries, but in making good laws! he de- informed, that, in consequence of the lights in peaceable triumphs-he sacri- earnest solicitations of the merchants to fices every thing to the happiness of the King Louis, the latter had obtained the people! when lie says he will make sa- reluctant consent of his brother to the crifices, he completes his triumph! He repeal of the decree prohibiting the increases his grandeur by moderating introduction of colonial produce into the use of it! He reserves for the world France from Holland. Napoleon, howthe extraordinary spectacle of force, ever, desired that he might be no more which has subdued every thing, subdu. troubled with similar applications, as he ing itself!! He finally informs us, that was fixed in his resolution to grant no hitherto when Monarchs met, all was facilities to commerce until the re-estaalarm among the neighbouring states; blishment of peace, and signified that, but the two Emperors met at Erfurth, in whatever related to trade, the Dutch “ not to invade but to pacify the world!" merchants would henceforth be consi. and to prove the sincerity of his desire dered as French subjects. We are more. to pacify the world, Napoleon hastened over informed that, in order more ef. from this meeting, with a courier's speed, fectually to prevent the clandestine into carry the most cruel, unjust, and un. troduction of foreign merchandise into protoked war that ever was waged in- Holland, all the shops and warehouses to the heart of Spain. Napoleon's re- are to be placed under an excise ! Off. ply to this precious address was very cers are to be appointed to take stock, short. He thanked the Legislative bon and to keep an account of goods sold dy for their love to him, and informed and delivered, and should there at any them that he should soon return to his time be an increase of stock, for which capital.
legal vouchers cannot be produced, the On the 24th of last month arrived in surplus is to be confiscated. This reguGrenoble, eight very large waggons, lation is, it is said, to take place on the loaded with the collection of antique 30th November. Nov. 1803.
Con. CONTERENCES AT ERFURTH. very unbecoming, as some Germa We have no certain intelligence re- newspapers have done, to pretend to "specting these conferences, but what we give an account of plans which can be find published in the Paris papers, as ar. known only to the two Sovereigns them. ricles from Erforth. The following is selves. the substance of these articles.
Oct. 14. This day, at one o'clock, the
Emperor Napoleon, and the Emperor Erfurth, October 2.
Alexander, proceeded half way from this The Kings of Saxony and Westpha. place to-Weimar, where with the same lia have already arrived. Tu.morrow solemnity as when they mel, the two we expect the King of Wirtemberg, and, Sovereigns embraced each other, and on the 4th, the King of Bavaria. took a most affectionate adieu, 'The
From Russia, we have here, besides Emperor Alexander went forward to the Emperor and the Grand Duke Con. Weimar, where he will remain a few stantine, the Minister of State, Count days. The Emperor Napoleon returnRomanzow, the Counsellor of State Ser. ed hither, received a visit from the vais, the Grand Marshal Count Mark- King of Saxony, gave a farewell audiolini, and both the Counts Tolstoy, une ence to Count Tolstoy, who returns to of whom is the Ambassador at the Russia, and soon after an audience to Court of Paris.
Baron Von Vincent, to whom his MaAmong the principal French Officers jesty delivered a letter in answer to the here are Marshals Lannes, Mortier, and communication of his Majesty the Em. Duroc, with a number of Generals and peror of Austria. It is believed that the Field Officers belonging to Mortier's mission of Baron Von Vincent has re. corps, the greater part of which is at pre. moved all the distrust which gave rise sent quartered in Bavaria. Of the Ger- to the Austrian levies. Soon after the man Prioces, we have here Prince Wil. audience, his Imperial and Royal Ma. liam of Prussia, the Duke of Saxe-Go. jesty departed from this place. tha, the Prince of Homberg, the Prince Yesterday the King of Wirtemberg of Mecklenburgh-Schwerin, and the and Bavaria also left this towo. Prince of Rentz and Redalstadt.
Oct. 15. Notwithstanding the conferOct. 7. His Majesty the Emperor 'ences of their Imperial Majesties, darNapoleon gave a grand dinner, at which ing their residence here, have been ca. were present his Majesty the Emperor vered with a thick veil, there appears to Alexander, the Kings of Saxony and be no doubt that they had the following Westphalia, the Duke of Saxe-Gotha, objects: the Hereditary Prince of Weimar, the ist, The restoration of general Peace ; Prince of Mecklenburgh-Schwerin, Pr. for two couriers, one French and one William of Prussia, and the Princes of Russian, have been dispatched from this Benevento and Neufchatel.
place, whose journey could be for no The two Monarchs daily meet about other purpose but to communicate tv one o'clock, and at the termination of the Court of Londongthe desire of both their conference, their Majestics, on Emperors. zdly, The securing the tranhorseback, or in the same coach, make quility of Germany; indeed, it appears an excursion among the neighbouring that the Princes of the Confederation of villages. The principal Ministers of the Rhine have received orders to break both the Emperors have also daily con, up their encamoped contingents for their ferences.
respective garrisons, or the neighbour. Oct. 11. On Sunday last, the Emperor of ing cantonments. It is also certaia, thet, the French heard mass performed in his through the medium of the Emperor Palace, as he also had on the preceding Alexander, Prussia has obtained, in the Sunday. There was also a grand parade last treaty with France, a considerable in front of the High Church, where all reduction of her contributions. His Ma. the Generals attended Mass. The two jesty the Emperor Napoleon has pre. Emperors live in the closese intimacy, sented Count Von Tolstoy and his broThey constantly spend a part of the ther with the Grand Eagle of the Le. evening together, Europe nust doubt. gion of Honour, and Messrs Wieland Jess look with anxiety to the happy re- and Goethe with the cross of the same sult of this importaot meeting : but it is Legion.
OVERTURES FOR PEACE.
If this statement be correct, the an; A circumstance of an interesting na. swer that will be returned by his Majesture has occurred since our last publica. ty's Ministers to such a communication tion. On Thursday night, October 20. is obvious. The epithet applied by the though it blew a gale of wind, a fiag of enemy to the kind of peace which they truce left Boulogne, with French and are desirous of negociating, shews us at Russian messengers on board, with dis. once that they do not admit our interpatches for the British Government, ference in the affairs of the Continent. who were directed to make all possible His Majesty's Ministers, we should conspeed to Deal or Dover. At cight o'. jecture, would reply to M. de Chamclock on Friday morning the fag of pagny and M. Romanzow, that his Bri. truce arrived in the Downs, and was tannic Majesty was animated by the de. immediaiely boarded by one of our crui. sire which he had always expressed, sers, who took out the messengers. The and which was well known to all Eu. French messenger was not permitted to rope, to put an end to the calamities of come to London, but was sent on board war, whenever he could do so consisa ship of war till the pleasure of his tently with the security of his domiMajesty's. Ministers be known. The , nions, the honour of his Crown, and the Russian messenger, as soon as he reach- good faith he owed to his allies--that ed the shore, was sent off for London, he was ready to enter into a negociation accompanied by one of Admiral Camp. in concert with those allies, and that bell's Lieutenants. They arrived at Mr he would immediately communicate Canning's office about éleven o'clock the overture that had been made to on Friday night, where they delivered them. their dispatches, and went to the house The more we reflect upon the over.' of Mr Shaw the messenger, where they ture from Erfurth, the more are we conlodged all night. Next
morning a pass- vinced that it has a double object in port was sent from the Foreign Office view :--First, to attempt to produce a for the Russian messenger, who return- coolness between the Spaniards and this ed to Duver immediately, and embark. country, as if we meant to enter into a ing on board the flag of truce, proceeded negociation for peace without including to France.
them, and adly, to alarm and paralyse Nothing certain has yet transpired, Austria. These two objects were, if either with respect to these dispaiches, not the sole, the principal motives of or the reply returned by our Govern. the imperial journey to Erfurih. ment. The former are said to be very It is the ordinary policy of Napoleon, short—that they consist of two letters before he comes forward personally to dated from Erfurth, and addressed by direct the horrors of war, to make some M. de Champagny, the French Minis previous and fraudulent offers of a treater for Foreign Affairs, and M. de Ro- ty; to endeavour to win upon the pubmanzow, tbe Russian Minister, to his lic feeling by a dissembled show of huExcellency George Canning, Esq.- manity, and to have the appearance of that the two letters are in substance the offering a choice of the olive or the same, stating that his Majesty the Em. sword. Ministers have doubtless been peror of all the Russias, and his Majesty on their guard against a trick so siale the Emperor of the French, being equal. and superficial. ly animated with a desire to put an end Mr Shaw the messenger was dispatchto the calamities of war, he (the Minis. ed on Friday Oct, 28. with the anier for Foreign Affairs) has it in com. swer of the British Court to the above mand from his Majesty to request his overtures. He reached Paris on Monday Excellency to communicate to his Bri- morning the 31st, and delivered his dis. tannic Majesty that desire ; and if his patches, one packet to M. Champagny, Britannic Majesty be influenced by a si. the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, milar desire, to propose that Plenipoten. and another to the Russian Ambassatiaries shall be immediately named, to dor. He was detained in Paris, till the proceed to a place that may be fixed early part of Tuesday afternoon, when, upon, to open a negociation with the having received answers, addressed to Plenipotentiaries of bis Imperial Majesty Mr Secretary Canning, from both of the or the conclusion of a maritime peace. above Ministers, he proceeded on his
jourjourney for Boulogne, and arrived in The writer was stationed at the lower London on the 4th of Nov.
gun-deck, to band up powder from the Mr Shaw was received with great sa. magazine. His situation was perilous, tisfaction at all the places through which and his escape very providencial. The he passed, and treated with much civili- grape-shot was like showers of stones ty and attention at Paris. During the or dust thrown into the ship by shoveis ; short time he remained there, he was a screen which was thrown around bin suffered to go abroad, in company with to prevent fire from the flashes of the the French messenger who lately came guns communicating to the powder, was to England.
knocked to pieces by splinters; a cai. It appears that Bonaparte did not tridge of 4 lib. of powder, which he held wait for the ariyil of our messenger. up over his head, blew up, without hurt. He left Rambou./let on the 30th, the ing him; the man to whom he was bandday before Mr Shaw reached Paris; nor ing it was severely wounded. Two iron could any communication have been stauncheons, 6 or 7 inches in diameter, made to him between the period of the were shot through and broken to pieces. messenger's arrival and his departure. The enemy had, in the mean time, been We all know the speed with which he gradually moving off, and at half past travels, and having left Rambouillet for seven, those that remained began to pull Bayonne on Sunday, there was not time away, and night finished the business. to send a messenger to him after Nir The Africa's colours were twice shot Shaw's arrival on Monday morning, away; the enemy supposing she had and to receive his commands before Mr struck, huzzaed and pulled nearer, but Shaw left Paris on Tuesday afternoon. soon drew back. The Africa had seIt is probable, therefore, that Bonaparte ven killed, and a great number (about had arranged with his minister the re. SO) wounded, many of them badly. ply which should be returned to this Three officers are wounded. The Danes country, provided we declined entero suffered extremely by our fire; several taining the propositions he submitted to boats were sunk, and they were seen
picking up the men out of the water. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
Some boats had not more than five men
left in them. By their own accounts, The Africa of 64 guns, Capt. Bar. indeed, their loss of men was very cosret, has had a most severe action in the siderable. All whose Lodies were got Baltic with a fleet of Danish gun boats, ashore were buried at Drago with great while proiecting a large convoy of pomp; and they have gained little by merchantmen from Carlscrona. What the attempt; the Africa is indeed dread. follows is extracted from the letter of a fully mauled, but she was before an old seaman, of Oct. 24. who has given a very crazy ship. She has returned to Cartsminute account of the action :
Crona for repairs, Captain Barret waik“ The convoy, consisting of about ed the deck all the time of the action, 200 sail, got all safe into Malmoe, ex- as cool and composed as if nothing was cept one taken, and three on shore, which doing.' He gave up borb bis cabins to were burnt by our people, to prevent the wounded, and the officers gave up them falling into the hands of the Danes, theircots. The Swedish gun-boats made, The Africa had kept between the con: a little stir in this business, but return.. voy and the Danes. It fell quite calm, ed to port as soon as they found the conand so large a ship was of course quite yoy safe." unmanageable, and lay like a log on the The following account of the very water, (ilsis was at nine o'clock on the gallant conduct of two of our cruizers 20th), when 32 Danish gun-boats, car. in the Adriatic has been published in Tying about 920 men, and 128 guns the Trieste, Vienna, and many of the (32's and 42's) came iowing towards' German papers :the ship. At half past two they came “ Towards the close of the month of within gur-shot, when the Africa open. May, Capt. Dandolo, a Venetiap neble, ed a brisk fire from as many guns as she descended from the conqueror of Concould bring to bear, and they continued stantinople, sailed from Corfu with the advancing courageously, and stationed brig Jena and two large schooners, themselves on the quarters and bows. which had been fitted out there for the