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to keep up a correspondence with the fought, every body believes. Blake is capital of his kingdom, on measures re- said to have intercepted a letter from lating to its defence; and every thing the French Minister at war to Marshal tends to prove that the idea of restor. Ney, promising that a reinforcement of ing Charles IV. after his voluntary ab- 60,000 men should be with him by the dication originated entirely and exclu- middle of November, and bad, in consesively with the French.
quence, determined to attack Ney be
fore the arrival of this reinforcement, The Spanish papers contain little mi. Blake's army is estimated at 50,000 men, litary news, except a short account of mostly infantry; Castanos' at nearly some partial but successful attacks made 60,000, including a number of cavalry. upon the French near Ladosa and Lo. Vivas, with an army of 30,000 to 40,000 grono by parties of Castanos' army: they men, was proceeding to join the main were mere skirmishes. The dispatches body from Catalonia. (This we suspect to Government are more important, and to be a mistake.) The army of Arraare in substance as follows:
gon, greatly reinforced, also continued The dispatches were brought by the to advance. The French army was Windsor Castle packet (which carried about 50,000 strong, having received a out a communication to the Supreme reinforcement of 8000 men from France. Junta of the overtures from France and They were said to be in great want of Russia,) and are dated St Andero, Oct. provisions, and desertions numerous. 30. They state that a smart action took Considerable apprehensions were en. place on the 24th, between the Spaniards tertained for the fate of the patriots in under General Blake, and the French Catalonia, but by the last accounts they division of Ney, which terminated in are greatly diminished. The patriotic favour of the former. Blake, having force in that province had greatly inconcentrated his force, advanced from creased, and the French were closely Bilboa, and on the 24th attacked the pressed in Barcelona. Several sharp enemy with great spirit at Zernosta, on skirmishes had taken place aloost under the road to Durango. The action was the walls, in which the Catalans had the smart while it continued, but the ene- advantage. No reinforcement to the my, not wishing to risque the issue of a French had passed the eastern Pyrenees. lengthened contest, soon began to re- A corps of 10,000 men, destined to entreat. The result was a continued skir- ter Spain by Roussillon, had made a remish during the whole time of the retro. trogade movement, deterred, it is begade movement of the French, till they lieved, by a strong body of miquelets, reached a position near Durango, where who occupied the important post of they had a considerable force. Their Junquera. Of this gallant and very useloss is not mentioned in the dispatches. ful description of force, upwards of It was rumoured at St Andero, that a 17,000 were in arms in Catalonia. The French corps of coo men had been cut inhabitants of Roussillon are highly disoff by one of Blake's divisions, and that satisfied with the infamous conduct of most of them had solicited permission to the French troops in Spain. They are be enrolled under the Spanish banners. determined, it is said, not to submit to Blake proposed to make a fresh attack in the terrible conscription demanded by a few days; the Spanish army had advan- Bonaparte; and assert, that if the Spaced to Zernosta, and the French, it was nish troops should enter their country, supposed, would risque a battle in de respecting their persons and property, fence of Durango. On the 26th Blake's they will with the greatest pleasure sube head-quarters were at Salignas, 28 miles mit to Spain. S. E. of Bilboa, and only eight miles The Supreme Government has issued north from Vittoria. On the 27th he a proclamation, in consequence of the reconnoitred the enemy's position, and assassination of two Frenchmen at Madabout the ist it was expected that a ge. rid, in which they denounce the seve. neral battle would take place. We have rest penalties of the laws against all conhad a thousand reports of such a battle cerned in tumults and popular movehaving taken place, and of the result be- ments, and declare all parents, masters, ing as we all wish it ;—they are all pre. and householders, responsible for their mature, but that it has by this time been sons, apprentices, and servants, &c.;
and, by the exertions of the supreme tion the desire expressed by his Excel. and subordinate governments, we are jency Charles Wm. Doyle, Major in his happy to learn that the anti-gallican British Majesty's service, to be employ. rage of the people has been turned into ed in the army of Arragon, and to take its proper channel, and that Frenchmen part in the glorious efforts made by the resident in Spain are no longer in dan nation in defence of its independence ; ger from their fury. All the horses in and being anxious to demonstrate the the vicinity of Madrid have been put high estimation in which he holds the in requisition for the use of the volun- qualities which adorn this gentleman, teer cavalry, and the supply of the ar. and the noble and generous intentions tillery. The owners are to have a fair of the British Government, he transmit. price for them, and those employed in ted to him a commission as Field-Marnecessary purposes are to be last taken. shal. He has acknowledged the receipt W. Fitzgerald, Esq. M. P. and Mr of this appointment in the following Lawler, of Cork, gentlemen of consi. terms : derable property, are volunteers in Ge- “ The honour which your Excellenneral Blake's army.
cy has conferred upon me by the apSaragossa, Sept. 27. pointment of Field. Marshal excites my It is impossible to depict, in adequate particular gratitude. It is highly daicolours the uncommon aspect of this in- tering to the best feelings of my heart. vincible town; upwards of half its build- “ To have the satisfaction of being ings are destroyed by cannon balls and one among the soldiers of the army of flames. · The English Colonel Doyle Arragon, is doubtless very grateful to could hardly recover from his astonish- my feelings ; and I trust that I shall be ment when he saw the walls which ser- enabled to afford a proof that I am not ved for bulwarks to its gallant defen. altogether unworthy of so high an hoders. “ Is it possible,” he exclaimed, nour. " that the conqueror of Dahtzic, Ulm, “I must confess that so honourable a and Magdeburg, should have sunk with distinction is the more gratifying to me, dismay before those feeble ramparts ?" inasmuch as it proves that my anxious And afterwards a heroine, stepping into zeal and exertions in the common and her husband's place, an artilleryman', glorious cause in which we are all enwho dropped dead at her feet, served gaged, have been well received, and his gun during a severe action; he em. that they have merited the approbation braced and complimented her with a of your Excellency. I assure you that present. Our enemies, who attacked us I shall continue my most assiduods ex. with so much haughtiness and pride, ertions, and endeavour to prove that were astonished at our firmness ; a this high mark of distinction has not French General said to one of our men been conferred upon a person undesertaken prisoner, “ During twenty five ving of it, and certainly not upon one years service I never witnessed any such insensible to the honour which has been thing; here it is necessary to fight from bestowed upon him. Your Excellency house to house, from window to win will be pleased to indulge me in my redow." It is a remarkable circumstance, quest, that the pay and emoluments at. that the head.quarters of both Comman tached to my rank of Field-Marshal ders in Chict were within the precincts should be appropriated to the relief of of the same walls, whence Lefebvre, those who have suffered so much at Sastruck with terror at the sight of so ma- ragossa, from the repeated attacks of the ny Frenchmen killed, wrote to our il- enemy: lustrious Palafox in these terms:
* I have the honour to place myself “ Head-quarters, Santa Eugrasia. under your Excellency's orders, and I “ Peace and capitulation.”
C. W. DOYLE."
s Madrid, Sept. 29. 1808."
Corunna, Oct, 13. “ War and death. * PALAFOX."
" This morning arrived, under conSaragossa, Oct. 5. voy of the Amelia and Loire frigates, The Governor and Capia..General and Champion sloop of war, a fleet of of this kingdom, taking into considera, transports from England, consisting of
140-sail, having on board 13,000 British must necessarily arise from the furnishtroops, commanded by Lieut.-Gen. Sir ing lodgings when in quarters, and from David Baird. The Junta of this pro- the providing them with the means of vioce having been dissolved two days subsistence when stationed in, or passing before their arrival, and the Supreme through towns, which were first impoand Central Junta being recognised, it verished by the former maintenance of is thought pęcessary to have ihe sanc. so great a number of French troops as tion of the latter before the troops are friends and allies, and have been since suffered to land." ,
plundered and destroyed by them as Corunna, Oct. 16.
“ At the same time, it being our duty 4.Sir David Baird has been request to act so that our gratitude and confied to land, during the interval of wait. dence in the generous English nation ing for dispatches from Madrid, any of- may still be compatible with those meaficers he may choose to permit. The sures of prudent precaution and consihorses are to be disembarked immedi. deration which are customary, it has apately, and every exertion used to com. peared to this Supreme Junta that the plete the arrangement made some days English troops should be disembarked since, upon the application of Lieut. in divisions of one or two thousand Col. Kennedy, for the reception of our men, who, after the needful repose, troops. It is impossible for any thing should, in order to diminish the burden to exceed the barmony which exists to the towns through which they pass, betweea the Spaniards and British of all take their journey by distinct routes, classes. Sir D. Baird, Gens. Manning- viz. some by the high road to Lugo, ham, Warde, and Craufurd, went last and others by that to Orense, all meetnight to the theatre ; a new entertain ing at last in one point. In the meanment was performed, in which King while, as it is the first of all considera. Ferdinand the Seventh and King George tions to manifest to so noble a nation the Third embraced each other several our sentiment of gratitude, the Supreme times; this was received with enthusi. Junta hope, that the Junia of Gallicia, astic appiause, as also “God save the being animated by the same spirit, will King," which was introduced frequent. somit no means of displaying those senly, and performed with the whole house timents. God preserve your Excellenstanding. A superb box was fitted upcy many years. <xpressly for Gen. Baird and his Staff.
“ Martin DE GAROY, Sec. Many British officers were invited into the private boxes; and every Spaniard
“ Aranjuer, Oct. 18, 1808.” seems to recognise ao old friend in eve. ry Englishman he meets."
Corunna, Oct. 20. It appears that the Gallician Govern. “Yesterday afternoon arrived his Briment had applied to the Central Junta tannic Majesty's ship Semiramis, having for instructions how to act on the arri- on board their Excellencies the Marquis val of the allied English army, and the de la Romana and Mr Frere. The lat. following is stated io have been the of. ter is intrusted with the character of ficial reply to the inquiries of the Junta Ambassador from the English Governof Gullicia :
ment to the Supreme Central Junta. “The proofs which England has gi- This morning their Excellencies landed ven of her artachment to our interests, under a salute from the batteries and and, above all, the consideration that ships in the harbour; they were greeted our cause is at the same time her's, uni- with vivas by a numerous populace, ted to the reciprocal securities which who took the mules from the carriage have been given, have inspired entire and drew it, amidst the greatest acclaconfidence, unity, and fraternity. Con- mations, to the Government House. sequently, having maturely deliberated Mr Frere will set out in a day or two on the question proposed, whether any for Madrid. The Semiramis also brings inconveniencies would ensue from the a million of dollars for the supply of the disembarkation of the English troops Spanish army. A general illumination which have arrived at your port? we is to take place this evening, in honour find that there are none other than what of the arrival of these illustrious guests."
• Mr Frere, previous to his departure The ad and 6th foot-Major.General for Madrid, addressed a very handsome Auckland. letter of thanks to the Government of Major-General Hill-The sth, 32d, Corunna, for the distinguished honour, and 91st foot. and testimonies of pure and sincere Brigadier-General Fane-The 38th, friendship, which the troops and other 79th, and 4 columns of the 2d batt. of British subjects had experienced, as well the 95th foot. from the public authorities as from all Under Maj.-Gen. the Hon. J. Paget. the brave and kind-hearted inhabitants, The 20th, ist batt. of the 52d, and a and expressing his hopes that the autho- columns of the ist batt. of the 95th foot. rities in the different towns in Gallicia Brigadier-Gen. Anstruther, would be instructed to render them The Light Battalion i, and King's every possible assistance in their pas. German Legion 2-Colonel Allan. sage.
The whole of this force amounts from The Corunna paper contains a very 20,000 to 22,000 men. spirited and appropriate address from The first division marched yesterday, Lieut.-Col, Carrol, one of the British (Oct. 10.) and another this day. It is officers attached to the army of Gene. much to be regretted, however, that ral Blake, to the inhabitants of Biscay. they did not go sooner; for the rainy He speaks with a confidence, well found- season is about to set in, which usually ed we trust, of a certain and speedy de. lasts five or six weeks, and, during that feat and expulsion of the enemy. time, renders the roads impassable. -
Cadiz, Oct. 11.
Every river overflows, and the pume.
rous meadows are filled with water. “ Yesterday arrived here the English We hope, however, that our brave felbrig Sceptre, Lieutenant Brown, with lows will reach their destination in Spain 100,000 dollars and some arms for Ca. before this terrible weather, so much talonia ; she is one of the transports talked of here, begins. The remainder which left Lisbon with Spanish troops, of the army, amounting to about 10,000 and brings here so. Valencian volunteers, or 12,000 men continues in Portugal. and the Commissioner Don Josef Estola, who is charged with the troops and.
Lisbon, Oct. 14. money, The above brig will complete On Monday last, the roth inst. bis her cargo of arms and ammunition here, Excellency Lieutenant-General Sir H. and proceed with the ship to Atocha, Burrard, Commander in Chief of his and a smaller vessel for that coast. In Britannic Majesty's army in Portugal, her came Lord Louvaine, Colonel Fitz- went in state to pay his first visit of cegerald, and two Members of the British remony to their Excellencies the GoParliament, Mr Foster and Mr Lisle
vernors of this kingdom, on which occaFoster."
sion his Excellency was attended by Lieut.-Gen, Fraser and his staff; Major
General Beresford, Commandant of Lis. PORTUGAL.
bon; Brigadier General Disney ; Col. Lisbon, Oct. 11. 1808. Donkin, Quarter.master General ; Lt. The following is a list of the forces Col. Carey, Adj.-General; John Er. destined for Spain, as given out in the skine, Esq. Commissary-General ; the general orders yesterday (Oct. 10.):- most Rev. Archdeacon T.Owen, Chap Commander in Chief-Lieut. General
lain-General of the British army, and Sir John Moore. the remainder of his Excellency': Staff
. Under Lieut. Gen. Fraser.
After the usual compliments, bis ExThe 4th, 28th, 42d, and 3 columns of cellency returned in the same manner the 5th battalion of the both foot-Maj.. to his head-quarters, and was, in return, Gen. Lord W. Bentinck.
visited the same day by their ExcellenThe 9th, 2d batt. of the 43d, and ditto cies the Marquis Das Minas, and Cyof the 53d--Major Gen. Reresford.
'priano Ribiero Freire, Members of the Under Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. J. Hope.
Regency. The 36th, 71st, 92d, and 5 columns
Lisbox, Oct, 11. of the sth battalion of both foot-Maj.. The following proclamation has been Gen, Crawfurd.
posted here :--
Lucas de Seabra de Silva, Counsellor on board, out of which only one Co
to the Prince Regent our Lord, lonel and five men were saved, and many Knight of his Royal House, Chief of the transports of the first division Judge of the Paco, Chancellor of have been obliged to put back, after ex the Court, Intendant of the Police periencing a continued gale of wind for of the Court of the Kingdom, and nearly three weeks. Since our arrival
Commander of the Order of Christ. I have been several times on shore (for “I make known to the inhabitants of the first time); the town is rather handthis city and the suburbs, that, by orders some than otherwise; the streets are of the Most Excellent Governors of these very regular, and the houses high. There kingdoms, communicated to me, bear.
are two or three tolerable good squares ; ing date on this the 3d day of October, but nothing equal to those of London, every inhabitant who may have in his
or even to the squares of New Edinhouse one or more individuals belong- burgh. Their churches are large and ing to the French army, or know where pretty
, sich, notwithstanding that the such persons are concealed, are required French have plundered them of a deal to inform the Magistracy within six of their superfluous silver. The Portudays, under pain of being punished with guese still continue to treat the English the greatest severity, as criminals guilty.
with the greatest respect. Their joy of high treason. In order that this pro
seems to be unbounded-they continued clamation be made public, I order it to
to illuminate the town for 15 nights, in. be printed, and posted in all conspicuous They have brought on the stage a new
stead of five, which was first intended. places. (Signed) “ LUCAS DE SEABRA Silva." play, called “ The Deliverance of Por
tugal', which was acted free three nights, The Regents issued a proclamation for the amusement of the English Ofi. yesterday, (Oct. 11.) dated the 6th inst. cers. The first scene opens with a view informing the people, that foreign money of the Queen of Portugal in mourning, is to be regarded as a mere commodity, and fettered. She regrets the unhappy without any fixed price; and that they fate of her kingdom for some time; then are at liberty to give what they think a Portuguese General appears, and tells proper for it; and that any person offer. her that the country is in arms, and, ing foreign money, and insisting upon a with the help of a powerful nation, fixed par of exchange, is to be regarded which will send them assistance, he exas a person dealing in counterfeit mo. pects to see her soon upon the throne. ney, and treated accordingly. In con- The next scene opens with a view of an sequence of this unexpected regulation, Englishman on a high rock, who desthe dollar, which used to pass for 45. 6d. cends, and informs the Queen of the exis now only taken at the rate of 45. 14d. ertions that are making to set her at lie This has caused much dissatisfaction in berty. Bonaparte next presents himself. the army; in fact, the English are almost He addresses the Queen and her subthe only persons who suffer by it. It is jects, but the Queen pays no attention said that Sir H. Burrard intends to remon- to what he says. He then addresses the strate with the Regency on the subject. Briton in haughty terms, and threatens
The following letter from a Gentle. his country with destruction. The next man on board the Africaine frigate, da- scene is the scene of glory. It opens ted Tagus, Oct. 4. contains some curious with a view of a lady richly dressed, and interesting particulars :
standing by a throne. She descends, and “We sailed on the 25th September, immediately the mouroing dress and the with the French General Kellerman on fetters of the Queen fall off, when she board, and had under our orders 53 trans. appears most richly dressed; the Corsiports, with the third division of the can is put in chains, and obliged to kneel French army. The first night we were at the foot of the throne for mercy, and at sea we sprung our boltsprit, and af. the crown is again placed on the head of ter bearing about for two or three days, the Queen. I would not have taken up we arrived here in the greatest distress. so much of your time with this non. We much fear that many of the trans- sense, but I merely did it to shew you ports must have perished, as we know how the French are detested in this of one that went down, with 300 men country.”