« PoprzedniaDalej »
between the colonists and Gov. Bligh. THE THE accounts by the last India fleet The latter had thought it expedient, on
state that the Company's posses. various occasions, to put in confinement sions were in a state of perfect tranquil. some of the respectable inhabitants, as it lity. Letters from Bencoolen state, was supposed, on unwarrantable grounds. that the Malays had attacked the Go. At length the people became tumultuous, vernment house, and murdered the Bri. and demanded the person of the govertish resident, Mr Parr. Some unpopu- nor, and were beginning to proceed to lar regulations respecting the culture of acts of violence, in order to get him in. their vineyards were the cause of this to their power. Major Johnstone, who outrage. The Danish settlements of Se. had the command of the military in the rampore, on the Hooghly, and of Tran- absence of Lieui. Col. Patterson, who que bar, had been taken possession of by
was at one of the dependencies, finding the Company's troops. The stores found the people were unmanageable, in order are said to have been very considerable. to restore tranquilliiy, promised to con
In November last a most destructive fine the governor until his conduct was inundation took place at Penang, by properly investigated. He accordingly which 100 inhabitants perished, and a dispatched a guard to his house to seize great number of houses and cattle were him; but the governor, having received swept away, There are several contra- intimation of his arrest, made his escape, dictory rumours from Persia. On the and hid himself in an adjoining house, one hand it is stated that 12,00. French where he was found under a bed, whence troops (this is extremely improbable) he was dragged, He was immediately had actually arrived in Persia, and that put in a place of security, and Col, Pat. the Persian monarch had declared war
terson was sent for, who, it was expectagainst Great Britain. On the other ed, would send him home. Thus this hand it is asserted, that the intrigues of affair has terminated, and the colony bethe French had been ably, seasonably, came immediately tranquil. and successfully opposed by Colonel
TURKEY, Malcolm, whom Lord Minto had sent on a special mission into Persia, to coun
Another of those revolutions so fre. teract and frustrate the schemes which quent in Turkish history has taken Bonaparte had been so long maturing for place at Constantinople; the following the subjugation of our Indian dominions.
are the particulars that have transpired : By the same conveyance, we have a The object of the revolution was to long official detail of Sir Edward Pellew's replace the deposed Selim on the throne. operations at Batavia in June 1807, and -The chief agent in the business was of the destruction of the whole of the Mustapha Bairacter, Pacha of Ruds. Dutch naval force in the East Indies,
chucki He came to Constantinople consisting of two ships of 70 guns, a
with a body of chosen troops, occupied sheer hulk of 68, and an Indiainan of the most important posts of the city, 1000 tons, pierced for 40 guns, but the put to death the commandant of the particulars are not very interesting.
castles of the Dardanelles, the Aga of NEW SOUTH WALES.
the Janissaries, and others who had
conspired against Selim, and deposed The dispatches from this quarter, of the Mufti
, and all the new Ministers date April 19. state that the colony had of the Sultan Mustapha. The latter, been in a state of violent ferment and who was at Befectach, and had no suscommotion. The following are all the picion of the project, was informed of particulars that we have learnt:-The it on the 28th of July by the Sultan's disturbance (in which the convicts took mother, and immediately returned by no part) had its origin in a difference sea to the seraglio, while the Pacha of Nov, 1808.
Rudschuck was entering it by land.- mouth on the 26th of April with a cou. The Pacha caused it to be intimated to voy, which she parted from on the coast him that Selim was the only lawful Empe- of the Brazils. Every thing was proror, but-Mustapha disregarded the inti. ceeding in that quarter tranquilly and mation, and ordered the inner-gates of prosperously, under the auspices of the the seraglio to be shut. The soldiers new Government. The highest veneforced an entrance, but found the un- ration was shewn by the colonists of all fortunate Selim murdered. The Pacha descriptions for the Prince Regent, and immediately caused Prince Mahomet, prompt obedience paid to his ordinanthe last branch of the reigning dynasty, ces and commercial regulations. The a youth of 15, to be proclaimed Empe: most enthusiastic attachment prevails at ror. A number of the principal parti- Rio Janeiro and Bahia towards the Eng. sans of the Sultan Mustapha were strang- lish settlers, and the happiest consequea. led in the seraglio. The chief of the eu. ces are expected to result from tbe mer. nuchs, and most of those who assisted cantile enterprises of our new friends in in the murder of Selim, were executed every part of South America. on the 29th of July. We have no cer. tain accounts of the fate of Mustapha himself,
WEST INDIES. On the 1th of August, the new Em. Government have received dispatches peror Mahomet was crowned at Cou from the Governor of Curacoa, which stantinople with the usual ceremonies. state that he took the earliest opportuMussa Pacha Caimakan, who had a share nity of communicating to the Governor in the revolution before the last, has of Caraccas the intelligence 'which te been beheaded, and many individuals, had received from England respecting males as well as females, involved as ac. the important events which had occur. complices in Selim's death, have shared red in Spain. The Governor of the Cathe same fate.
"raccas immediately expressed his deterThe new Vizier holds the reins of go- mination to support the rights of his vernment with a firm hand. He makes lawful sovereign, Ferdinand the VII. all the Pachas responsible for the exe- and to act in concert with the loyal pa cution of his orders. He is determined triots in Spain, and with the British to restrain the insolence of the Janissa. He also issued orders for the arrest of all ries. He pays them regularly, but the the Frenchmen within his government. least insubordination or the slightest The Governor of Maracaybo has also murmur is punished with death. He declared a similar determination, and has sent 40,000 men to the Danube, of there is no doubt but that these examiwhom 25.000 are organised in the Eu ples will be followed in every part of ropean manner,
Spanish South America. It is generally believed that this revo- Later dispatches from Curacoa relate lution is the work of French intrigue. the effects of this prompt communicaIt is well known that four or five months tion to the Spanish Main, where the ago, the Turkish Government, made ac- news of the events in Spain was reeeixquainted with the real designs of France ed with all the enthusiasm of joy. The and Russia, made pacisc overtures to news of Joseph's usurpation was sent to Britain, and steps were made by both La Guirá by a French brig of war. It parties towards a perfect reconciliation ; was received in Caraccas with the ut. but the unavoidable delays which took most indignation, insomuch that the place gave time for those machinations French commissioners were obliged te which have so probably, for the present, repair on board the brig at midnigtzt, destroyed the reviving influence of this being apprehensive of personal violence. country in the Turkish councils.
A day or two after, the Acasta frigate arrived with the news of the revolution
in Spain. The French brig put to sea, BRAZIL.
but was pursued and taken by the The President frigate, having Lord Acasta. Strangford, the British ambassador, on Dispatches from Jamaica, and from board, arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 20th Admiral Cochrane, relate to the state July. The President sailed from Ports. of the Spanish islands, which have Form
ly embraced the patriotic cause. Adm. persists in this ruinous measure. The Cochrane's dispatches state that he had British ministers intimated long ago to received the accounts and documents the Ainerican envoys, that no further relative to Spain, which he had commu. modification could be made on the orá nicated to the Spanish colonies with all ders in Council. This answer, it seems, possible speed, and in the mean time he did not prove satisfactory, and we unhad liberated all the Spanish prisoners, derstand that no intercourse has taken and sent them to the Spanish Main, and place for some months betwixt them. had discontinued all hostilities against About the end of May, Congress sepathe Spanish vessels.
rated, leaving it to the discretion of the Dispatches have been seized on board President tu raise or continue the ema French cartel at Barbadoes, with an bargo. immense quantity of proelamations in The effects of this measure were felt the name of Joseph Bonaparte, promise more severely in the New England ing great commercial advantages to the States, from whence the trade to the colonies; but the Spaniards spurned him West Indies was inust considerable. and his promises, and have even com- At à vtry numerous meeting of mer: mnenced hostilities. A vessel sent to the chants and other inhabitants of Boston, Sparish Main from Martinique, for pro- held there on the oth of August, it was visions, has been taken by the Spaniards, moved and unanimously resolved and all the crew sent to prison. The “ Tbat it is expedient for the town Governor of Cuba has issued a most spi- of Boston respectfully to petition the rited manifesto against France. The President of the United States to susCanary Islands have opened all their pend the laws laying on the embargo, eiports to the English.
ther wholly or in part, according to the We have accounts from Barbadoes of power vested in him by the Congress an unsuccessful attempt to carry the of the United States; and if any doubt Island of St Martin's (long a haunt for should exist, as to the sufficiency of the enemy's privateers) by a coup de those powers, that he be requested to main. About 135 men were landed, in call the Congress together as soon as August, from the Subtle schooner, and may be.” Wanderer sloop, under the command of To this petition the President gave a Lieut. Spearing, of the Subtle. They full and explicit answer. He expressed soon got possession of the lower fort, himself as equally dissatisfied with the of six guns, which they spiked, but, on determinations of the French and Bri. ascending the rocky heights, they found tish governments, on the subject of their the enemy in such force that success respective decrees and orders in council, was hopeless. The Lieutenant was kil- and declared, as he saw no prospect that led, and from 20 to 30 of his men were either of them was disposed to return killed or wounded. The rest were ob. to a proper sense of reason or justice, liged to surrender, but were immedi- the embargo must of necessity continue Riely exchanged.' Lieut, Spearing was so long as the belligerent powers persea gallant oficer, in the prime of life, and vered in the measures which occasioned had received 11 wounds in the service it. He however referred the matter enof his country.
tirely to Congress, which would meet at The distress of the French islands, the legal time as soon as he could have from the want of provisions, in conse issued notice for convening it. quence of the American embargo, and It appears from the American papers the stoppage of supplies from the Spanish that the knowledge of the late events in islands, is such, that if our cruisers are Spain has produced a most sensible imvigilant, they must be soon starved into pression on the minds of the people' ini 2 surrender.
favour of England. Many of the Ame
rican writers complain loudly of the con AMERICAN STATES. duct of their government towards this Notwithstanding the general and in- country, and anticipate the downfall of creasing discontent of the people, par- the American trade in consequence of ticularly those of the mercantile class, the continuance of the embargo, which occasioned by the embargo, which has will teave the Spanish ports open exclu. Dox subsisted ten months, the President sively to the English.
their common Father in arms against his Answer of his Eminence Cardinal Gabe children, and the Head of the Church esrielli, first secretary of state, to the note
posing himself, by his own act, to a depriof his Excellency M. Champagny, ad. vation of his spiritual connection with the dressed to M. Le Fevre, charge d'af. Catholics of those Powers against which faires from the Emperor of France, da- the league would make it imperative on ted April 19. 1808. (P.631.)
him to act hostilely. How then can his
Moliness shake off his power and natural “ After your Excellency had made known character, and sacrifice, as must be the con. to the Holy Father, that it was the deci- sequence, the interest of religion ? ded wish of his Majesty the Emperor and “ His Holiness, unlike other Princes, is King, that he should enter into an offen- invested with a two-fold character, pamely sive and defensive league with the other of Sovereign Pontiff, and of temporal SovePowers of Italy, as had been declared by reign, and has given repeated proofs that he M. Champagny to the Cardinal Caprara, cannot, by virtue of this second qualificaby note of the 3d current, the dispatch of tion, enter upon engagements which would the Cardinal has been received, which lead to results milicating against the first brought the original note of the above Mi- and most important office, and injuring the nister.
religion of wnici: he is elie Head, the Pro. “The Holy Father, after having attena pagator, and the Avenger. His Holiness, tively read and considered the said docu. Therefore, cannot enter into any offensive ment, has ordered Cardinal Gabrielli, First and defensive league, which would, by a Secretary of State, to make known to your permanent and progressive system, drag Excellency his Holiness's sentiments of its him into hostility against all those powers contents; beginning with that which forms upon which his Majesty may think proper the cardinal point among all the others. to make war, since the Italian States, now His Holiness has seen with pain, that oven dependent upon his Majesty, can never a the final proposition therein contained, of void taking part in such wars. His Holithe offensive and defensive league, should ness would cousequently be obliged to bebe accompanied with the threat of depri- come a party in them by virtue of this ving him of his temporal dominions, in case league. Such an engagement must begin to of his no-compliance. If worldly consi- be acced upon by the Pope from this moderations had at all influenced the conduct ment, and against any Catholic Prince ; of the Holy Father, he would from the first thus waging war against him without a have yielded to the wish of his Majesty, and motive. Farther, it must be waged agaiost not have exposed him4elf to suffer so many all those powers, whether Catholic or not, calamities, but the Yoly Father is regula- who may, upon whatever grounds, be the ted alone by ihre Tonsideration due to his enemies of any Italian Prince. duty, and his conscience; both have pre- “ 'Thus is the Head of the Church, ac vented him from agreeing to the federa- customed as he is to rule his estates in peace, tion, and they equally hinder him from driven in a moment to a state of warfare, consenting to the offensive and defensive offensive against hostile powers, and defenleague, which differs but in name ; its na. sive of the others. This engagement is roo ture, however, does not except any Prince, repugnant to the sacred duties of his Holito whom the l'ope, according to the cir. ness, and too injurious to the interests of recumstances of the tinies, might not become ligion, to be entered into by the Head of an enemy:
that religion. His Holiness feels that it “ His Holiness feels, morever, that this would be a dereliction of truth to enter the article, far from improving, detracts from league; he would announce, by such a re his situation. In the articles presented to solution, his refusal of any accommodation, Cardinal de Bayan, the federation was pro- any peace with the Emperor, and would posed as alone against heretics and che En- even declare hostilities against him. How glish. But this is couched in general terms, could it ever be supposed, that his Holipointing out no people as an enemy, yet ness should be capable of declaring war a. excluding no goverument, no nation, from gainst any power? He has long been enduthe contingency of becoming one. If then, ring the niost hostile treatment, and is his Holiness declined from conscientious therefore prepared to endure the threaten. motives to be a party to that federation, so ed loss of his temporal dominions. is he equally withheld from this league. “ Heaven is witness of the purity of his The Holy Father would not merely bind Holiness's intentions, and the world will himself to a defence, but to an aggression. judge if it was possible to have conceived Then would be seen the Minister of the so exiraordinary a scheme. Ardently desiGod of Peace placing himself in a state of ring to compromise, and to be in peace with perpetual warfare ; then would be seen his Majesty, he manifested, in his note of
the 28th of January last, his compliance, as functions of the Legate, and to his deparfar as it was possible to comply; his Ma. ture, his Holiness could hardly have expecjesty, however, does not practise all those ted that they would have been attributed condescensions which he might practise to- to the motives assigned in M. Champagny's wards the Holy See ; he persises inflexibly note. His Holiness will repeat them once in demanding what his Holiness neither can After having tried every method Dor will accede co, namely, in binding him to recal his Majesty to his previous sentito a war, and to a perpetual and aggres- ments towards.che Papal See, and to consive war, under the pretence of securing the cert the desired reparation of so many retranquillity of lady. What can Iraly have ligious innovations; after having endured, to fear if his Holiness should not enter into for such a length of time, with unsubdued the proposed league ?
patience, and with unalterable meekness, " Surrounded as the Papal Dominions so many outrages and insults; after having are by those of his Majesty, no rational fear seen how fruitless were all the remonstran. could be entertained but of the ports; yet ces urged against the hostile proceedings of his Holiness having offered to shut them the French; after having peaceably borne during the present war against the enenies the humiliation of imprisonment; and seeof France, and to guard the coast, he thus ing these insules, these contenipts, these proposed in contribute as far as was in his violations, increase with every hour, his power, without betraying his sacred duties, Holiness found it necessary, though with in the security and tranquillity of Italy. If, the deepest regret, to determine on the rein spite of all this, his Majesty shall take call of his Legate, in order to overthrow, possession, as he has threatened, of the Pa. at least in the face of the world, the false pal Dominions, respected by alí, even the and scandalous opinion, that whatever might most powerful monarchy, during a space of occur, even the most flagrant wrongs, ten centuries and upwards, and shall over- would receive his tacit consent. turn the Government, his Holiness will be “ In this very recall, the precise period unable to prevent this spoliation, and can of which could not have been anticipated only, in bitter affliction of heart, lament the by his Holiness, he professed along with evil which his Majesty will commit in the those constant affectionate regards which sight of God; trusting in whose protection, he entertained for his Majesty, that could his Holiness will remain in perfect tran- he but consent to the demand of the eva. quillity, enjoying the consciousness of not cuation of Ronie, and be satisfied with having brought on this disaster by impru- those concessions which are compatible dence, or by obstinacy, but to preserve the with the duties of his Holiness, the Leindependence of that Sovereignty which gate might continue, in conformity with he ought to transmit uninjured to his suc. his instructions, to exercise his functions. cessors, as he received it; and to maintain But his Majesty proved inflexible, and inin its integrity that conduct which may see stead of receding a single step, preferred cure the universal concurrence of all Prin- the discontinuance of the Legation, and the ces, so necessary to the welfare of religion. departure of the Pontifical Representative. For this fidelity to his sacred duties, his * It is not, therefore, his Holiness, who Holiness will receive consolation from the by this hypothetical recal of his Legate, words of his Divine Master, · Blesses are has declared war against the Emperor ; it they who are persecuted for righteousness' is the Emperor, who chuses to declare war sabe.'
against his Holiness; and not content with * With respect to the articles relating to declaring it against his temporal Sovethe dismissal of the Cardinals, his Holiness, reignty, he threatens to raise in his spiriin the complaints alledged, had no need of cual, a wall of division between the Cathoexamining the principle of their allegiance. lics of France and the Sovereign Pontiff, Presuming on that freedom which terights in the assurance, according to M. Chamof nations allow to every man, to live un- pagny's note, that the Cardinal Legate hader chat sky which is most congenial to ving given up his functions, the Gallican bim : presuming on that new allegiance ac- Church resunies its doctrine in all its intequired by the domicile of many years, his grity. Holiness remarks, that primitive allegiance " His Holiness has too good an opinion cannot avail against the sacred obligations of the illustrious Clergy of France to doubt undertaken by the Cardinals in the Church that the Gallican Church, however jealous of God, the oaths they take ou receiving of its prerogatives, is yet so attached to the the purple, and their eminent office of chair of St. Peter, that it will maintain itCouncillors to the Sovereign Pontiff in his self unshaken in its true principles, without spiritual concerns; and that, therefore, they assertiog rights which it does not and can: cannot be torn from his bosom.
not possess; nor become schismatic, by se- With regard to the cessation of the rarating itself from the Catholic Unity,