Obrazy na stronie

most zealous observer, and will in time Fleming is also inclined to believe enable us to form a just theory of me. that the serpentine of the neighbourteors, to prognosticate with consider- ing island of Fetlar belongs to the able

accuracy the nature of the com- same formation. The island of Papa ing weather, -and enable us to ascer- Stour, situated on the west coast of tain the climate of different countries, the Mainland (the name by which the with the view of determining the in- largest of the Shetland islands is fluence it exerts on organic bodies. known,) contains no primitive rocks; He next described an Anemometer on the contrary, it appears to be enwhich, by a very simple and ingenious tirely composed of foetz-rocks. These arrangement of parts, will enable the are conglomerate, greenstone, claymost common observer to ascertain stone, porphyritic-stone, hornstone ? the velocity of the wind with perfect and sandstone. The sandstone, as apaccuracy.

pears from observations made in this At the same meeting, the Rev. Mr island and other parts of Shetland, Fleming of Bressay in Shetland, (who would seem to belong to the oldest has, for some time past, been engaged coal formation. The claystone, conin examining the mineralogy of those glomerate, porphyritic - stone, greenremote islands,) communicated to the stone, and hornstone (probably clinkSociety an interesting account of the stone,) rest on the sandstone. In geognostic relations of the rocks in the some places, Mr Fleming observed islands of Unst and Papa Stour, in the the greenstone alternating with the course of which he answered the sandstone : hence he properly conqueries formerly published in regard cludes that they belong to the same to the serpentine and sandstone of formation. In no place, however, did Shetland. After a general account of he observe any of the other rocks the position, extent and external ap- alternating with the sandstone : and pearance of the island of Unst, he next therefore the formation to which they described the different rocks of which belong is still somewhat problematical

. it is composed, in the order of their re- We recommend the re-examination of lative antiquity, and remarked that this interesting island to the zealous their general direction is from S. W. and indefatigable author of this paper ; to N. E. The rocks are gneiss, mica- and as he announced to the Society slate, clay-slate, limestone, hornblende- his intention of again examining the rock, potstone, and serpentine. The whole of the Shetland isles, and of congneiss, in some places, appeared to al- structing a mineralogical map, in ternate with the oldest mica-slate, and which the rocks should be laid down in others, to contains beds of horn- according to their relative antiquity blende-rock. The mica-slate, which and their extent, we anticipate much is the most abundant rock in the island, valuable information, is traversed by numerous cotemporane- At the meeting of the Society on ous veins of quartz, and also of felspar, the 19th November, Mr Mackenzie, and passes distinctly into clay-slate. younger of Applecross, read a short It contains beds of hornblende-rock account of the coal formation in the and of limestone. The clay-slate oc- vicinity of Durham. From the precurs but sparingly in this island. The cise and accurate description commupotstone usually accompanies the ser- nicated by this gentleman, the rocks pentine. The serpentine occurs in appear to belong to the oldest coal. great abundance, in beds, in the oldest formation of Werner. In the course clay-slate and mica-clate, and hence of his observations he explained what must be referred to the oidest or first is called the creep by ininers, and exserpentiue formation of Werner. Mr 'hibited specimens of the different rocks,


and a plan or section of the coal-mine This sea-snake was measured by Mr of Kipia, in which both the miners’ap- Shearer, a tenant of Mr Laing's, and pellations and the scientific names of the found to be 55 feet long. The thickdifferent strata and beds were inserted. est part of the body was equal to the

At the same meeting, Dr Ogilby, girth of an Orkney poney. The head of Dublin, read a continuation of his was not larger than that of a seal, and mineralogical description of East Lo- was furnished with two spiracles, or thian, under the title of Observations blow- holes. Along the back was on the Veins of the Newest Floetz-trap a row of filaments, hanging down of East Lothian. After some prelimi- like a mane. The animal had three nary observations on the general geo- pairs of large fins, resembling paws. gnostic relations of the rocks of East Before men, with ropes, &c. could Lothian, and of the precipitation of be assembled in order to secure this felspar in its different states of fineness, truly wonderful creature for the infrom earthy to glassy felspar, he pro- spection of naturalists, a tempest occeeded to describe the different veins curred, and unfortunately beat the he had an opportunity of examining carcase to pieces. Some of the rein this tract of country. These veins mains, however, have been picked up he considered as of three different pe- by Mr Laing, and are to be transmit. riods of formation, viz. 1. Veins deriv. ted to the Museum of the University ed from partial formations subsequent of Edinburgh. to the floetz-trap, which however are of unfrequent occurrence ; 2. Veins of the different rocks of the formation Monthly Memoranda in Natural Hispenetrating the older beds; and,

tory. 3. Those of cotemporaneous origin. 06.

28. WE mentioned in our last

1808. Monthly Memoranda, after the manner of Werner, the fol- that the herring-fishery_had commenlowing veins,-- greenstone, jasper, ced in the Frith of Forth, near to quartz, heavy-spar, and calcspar; and Queensferry. In one of the herringconcluded with several interesting ge- nets, shot nearly opposite to Hopeton neral remarks.

House, a Shark was entangled, which At this meeting, also, Mr P. Neill measured, from the snout to the tail, read Observations on the Great Sea 8 feet 3 inches. It was a female, of Snake of the Northern Ocean. He the kind denominated Beaumaris or first enumerated and read extracts Porbeagle Shark (Squalus Cornubifrom the different authors who have cus.) mentioned the existence of such an Nov. 1. A large Whale having, animal, or described its appearance, within these few days, been stranded particularly Ramus, Egede, and Pon- near Alloa, we resolved to view the toppidan. He then gave an account animal on the spot. Before we could of a vast animal, shaped like a snake, reach it, however, the body was alreawhich had recently been cast ashore in dy very much disfigured by the opera. Orkney. Malcolm Laing, Esq. M.P. tion of flenching or Haying off the fat, happening to be in Orkney at the (which was only about one-third of the time, communicated the circumstance thickness of the blubber on the comto his brother Gilbert Laing, Esq. ad- mon Greenland whale.) Still, thro' vocate, Edinburgh, on whose property, the kindness of Mr R. Bald of Alloa, at Rothesholm Bay in Strönsa, the we learned all the particulars relative animal had been stranded. Through to its external appearance, necessary to this authentic channel, Mr Neill stat. determine the species. It was the Baed, he had received his information. læna rostrata of Gmelin's edition of


the Systema Naturæ,--the Pike-headed perhaps even greater, are renicmberWhale of English authors,- Baleinop- ed; but four successive tides, of such tère museau pointu of La Cepede.-- height and impetus, no one recollects The total length of the animal was 43 to have observed. The same observafeet, and, where thickest, it was near. tion has been made at other ports on ly 20 feet in circumference. Dr Wal- the Forth, ker, late Professor of Natural History, Nov. 25. The Snow-bunting (Enhas left a description of a whale of the beriza nivalis) has appeared in this same species which was casi ashore at neighbourhood. One was shot about Burntisland in 1961. It was 46 feet a week ago near Alloa. in length. From the numerous plaits P. S. SEA-SNAKE. In our last, we or grooves in the skin along the tho- ammounced the Rev. Mr Fleming's rax, he called it Balæna sulcata. Sib- discovery of the Small-beaded Narbald, in his Phalaivologia, mentions' whal, or Sea-Unicorn, at the Sound of another, precisely of the same kind Weisdale in Shetland. This was an and of the same dimensions, as having excellent and rare addition to the been cast ashore at the same place in Fauna of Scotland. But we have, this 1690. This species seems; therefore, month, to congratulate zoologists on pretty frequently to leave the remoter the appearance, in Orkney, of a still parts of the northern ocean, and to vi- greater rarity ;-an animal, nearly 60 sit the Scottish seas. The whale in feet long, yet a non-descript, or unquestion had probably been induced to known to the writings of Linnæus run so far up the river in order to find and other systematic naturalists. It is shelter from the effects of the very the Great Sea-snake, described and fitempestuous weather, which, for seve- gured by Pontoppidan in his History ral days before its appearance, had of Norway, and which has very gekept the frith and the German ocean nerally been considered as a fabulous in furious agitation. It seems unac- monster : at least, it evidently appears countable that none of the neighbours to be the animal which has served as ing farmers should have availed them- the prototype of the Serpens marinus selves of the krang, or carcase, to form magnus of the Bishop of Bergen. For manure. Along with peat-moss, ii particulars, we refer our readers to would, on Lord Meadowbank's prin- the report of the proceedings of the ciple, have produced a very rich com- Wernerian Natural History Society, post : it would, indeed, have formed a (p. 805). The destruction of this dunghil equal, if not superior, in mo- wonderful specimen by the fury of the ney-value, to the blubber which was waves is much to be regretted. It so carefully flayed off, and which, we will not, in consequence, be possible believe, was sold for about L.15 ster- form, with precision, a generic cha. ling.

racter on Linnæan principles; and Nov. 4.-A fine specimen of the centuries may revolve, before another Toothed Gilt-head (Sparus dentatus) animal of the same sort shall again be was found cast ashore near Newhaven. wafted to our shores. It has been beautifully preserved by Edinburgh,

N. Mr John Wilson, janitor to the Uni- Nov 25th 1808. versity of Edinburgh, whose excellence in preparing specimens of birds, quadrupeds, and fishes, is unrivalled Query respecting Dr NISBET. in this country

To the Editor. 17,-20. The tides at Leith

SIR, have, during these days, heen remark. Too often do the names and acably high. Tides equally great, or tions to



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be called great men pass into oblivion. I have it in my power to furnish a few Toa oftea is the inemory of men of of considerable length and importance, real learning, talent, and worth, allow- and remain, ed to fade. True it is, that

Your most humble servant,

GLOTIANUS. " Full many a gem of purest ray serene, " The darki uniathon'd caves of ocean

bear: "Full rany a filower is born to blush Particulars respecting Mungo PARKE. unseel),

( From the Glasgow Courier.) * And waste its sweetness on the desert 215."

Scarborough, Oct. 27. 1808. But it is as true, that many who have IT newspapers, paragraphs respect

HAVING seen, in many of the late distinguished themselves as men of the ing the uncertainty of the fate of that most elevated minds are often forgot- enterprising traveller Mungo Park, ten by their contemporaries and suc-, and particularly one in your paper of cessors, as the morning dew by the Tuesday, the 18th instant, wherein his passing traveller. Some, no doubt, death is very much doubted, I beg share a better fate. Some kind friend leave to communicate to you circumcarries his friendship beyond the grave, stances which have come to my knowand records the life of the departed.ledge, during a residence of 20 months It was thus that Gray, Smith, Reid, at and about Goree. The last letters Cowper, Beattie, found biographers in that were received from Mr Parke Mason, Stewart, Hayley, Forbes. and his companions, were dated the

It is now nearly four years since 10th of November 1805, if I recol. the death of Doctor Charles Nisbet, lect right, from some place in the who, for many years, was first minis. neighbourhood of Sego; one was from ter of Montrose, and afterwards presi- Mr Parke to Dr Heddle, the Garri. dent of the College of Carlisle, in son Surgeon at Goree, in which he Pennsylvania; yet nothing but a mono- states being kindly received by the dy to his memory, written by Doctor natives, who recognised him : the disKeith, and published anonymously, eases that had swept off almost all his has appeared in this island, to acquaint followers; and concludes with stating us with the particulars of his life or the number left alive, I think six or character. Willingly would I endea-eight, out of forty-five that started, vour to supply this defect through the and saying, “ From the inquiries I inedium of your valuable magazine, have been enabled to make, I think did I not feel myself both destitute of you may expect me on the coast in the necessary materials, and every way about three months :” the other is datunequal to the task. The author of ed the next day, and is from Lieut. the above-mentioned elegant monody Martin, of the Royal African Corps has, in his preface, given us a few of (who commanded the detachment acthe characteristic traits of Dr Nisbet, companying Mr Parke) to Mr Macbut he has withheld every circum- Gaw, Assistant Surgeon of the Corps, stance respecting his birth, education, also at Goree. The letter is written life, and death. Some of your corres- in a strain of great spirit, ridiculing pondents may probably be able to ob-' the dangers and privations to which lige your readers with some circum- they have been exposed, mentions the stances respecting these.

names of the survivors, and concludes I am happy to add, Mr Editor, thus : “ Frm what Mr Parke has that if any attempt was to be made to been enabled to learn, he is convinced ublish the letters of Doctor Nisbet, that the long-sought Niger is the



Congo, and he says, you may expect the Portuguese service, is desirous, and us on the coast in three months.”- finds it necessary in his present situaThe survivors, then, were the gentle- tion, to have his pedigree on the famen who composed the heads of the ther and mother's side properly attestExpedition, and one or two of the ed from the Lyon Office; and as be African Corps ; not one of whom, is just now in a foreign country, where had reached the coast when I left it in it may be of consequence, it is hoped October, 1806; although Mr Parke, that Mr Donaldson will make out whenever he left any sick man at a such certificate in the usual form with native house, promised them two slaves all possible dispatch, and deliver the value on their delivering such man to same to Colonel John M'Donald, who a white factory. Shortly after these will talk to him upon the subject, and letters were received, an account came pay the ordinary fees, being at present down the Gambia, by a Slatee, or tra- in Edinburgh. velling slave-dealer, of Mr Parke and The above-mentioned Col. Forbes his companions being put to death at is second son of George Forbes of Sego, by Mansong the King; a simi- Skellater, whose predecessor was son lar account was also brought down to Forbes of Towie, and Forbes of the Rio Pougons (a river three days Towie was a son of Lord Forbes's.journey froin Sierra Leone) and both The family of Skellater have flourishaccounts agreed with regard to cir- ed in Aberdeenshire, and have been cumstances, and the cause, which very respectable for three centuries stated to be, the intrigues of the Moor- past; and their genealogy, as above ish traders, jealous of their mercantile mentioned, can be instructed, by charinterests, if the whites should find a ters and infeftments, and by an aupassage to the interior. Your paper thentick manuscript history of the fastated that a fort on the Niger had mily of Forbes, to be found in the been stormed, and all Christians found hands of Sir Robert Douglas, who will in it were put to death. As to a fort be a proper person to give assistance in on the Niger, I do not imagine such e, making out the certificate necessary. thing to he iu existence; and, you

Col. Forbes's mother is Christian may depend upon it, that Parke and Gordon, daughter to the late John his companions were the only Chris. Gordon of Glenbucket, whose geneatians who have reached that river for logy can be had from the history of many years. Had I not at present the family of Gordon, wrote by Wil. trespassed so far on your time and pa- liam Gordon ; and assistance therein tience, I would endeavour to offer may also be had from Sir Robert such remarks on the subject as many Douglas. enquiries and local advantages gave It is believed, that tho' Skellater is me an opportunity of making, which an old family, their coat of arms was might tend to throw the least light on never matriculate ; but it is supposed so interesting a subject.

that the armorial bearing should be I am, Sir, your obedient servant. the arms of the family of Forbes, with T. M. B. R. M. a mallet, as the distinction of a fourth

son; and a crescent, as*a mark of ca

dency from him, with a proper crest, Memorial for Mr ROBERT DONALD- and such motto as the present Skella.

son, Lyon Clerk, at EDINBURGH, ter uses, and will be hereto subjoined. 1767, concerning the late GENERAL John FORBES.


William Forbes. Colonel M‘Donald's regiment in


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