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Letter from his Majesty the King of The following is Sir Samuel Hood's SWEDEN to the Emperor of Russia. report to Sir James Saumarez, dated "Honour and humanity enjoin me to

Centaur, off Rogerswick, August 27 make the most forcible remonstrances

“ SIR-It is with pleasure I acquaint to your Imperial Majesty against the you, that the Russian squadron, under numberless cruelties and the injustice the command of Vice. Adm. Hanikoff, committed by the Russian troops in

ter being chased 34 hours by his SweSwedish Finland. These proceedings

dish Majesty's squadron, under Rearare too well known and confirmed, to

Adm. Nauck hoff, accompanied by this require from me any proof of their re

ship and the Implacable, under my orality, for the blood of the ill-fated vic, ders, have been forced to take shelter tims still cries aloud for vengeance a.

in the port of Rogerswick, with the loss gainst the abertors of such enormities.

of one ship of 74 guns. I shall liave great Ler not your Imperial Majesty's heart satisfaction in detailing to you the serbe in sensible to the representations vices of the captains, officers, seamen, which I find myself compelled to make and marines under my command ; and to you in the name of my faithful sub. have also to state, that in no instance jects in Finland. But what is the ob. have I seen more energy displayed than ject of this war, as unjust as it is unna.

that by his Swedish Majesty's squadron, tural? It is not, I suppose, to excite the which, although from the inferiority of strongest aversion for the Russian name

their sailing, were prevented from getIs it criminal in my subjects in Finland ting into action, Rear. Adm. Nauckhof Dot to have suffered themselves to be and the captains under his command, seduced from their allegiance, by pro

from their perseverance and judicious mises as false as the principles on which conduct, were enabled to give confidence They are founded? Does it become a

to his Majesty's ships. Sovereign to make loyalty a crime? I

“My letter of the 25th will have acconjure your Imperial Majesty to put quainted you of the Russian squadron a stop to the calamities and horrors of a having appeared off Oro Road on the war which cannot fail to bring down on

23d. "The arrangements for quitting your own person, and your government,

that anchorage, after bis Swedish Mathe curses of Divine Providence. Halk jesty's ships from Jungfur Sound had of my dominions in Finland are already completed on the evening of the 24th.

joined Rear-Admiral Nauckhoff, were delivered by my brave Finnish troops. Your Majesty's fleet is shut up in Bal: Early the next morning the whole force tic Port, without hopes of ever getting Heet was discovered off Hango Udd, the

put to sea; soon after the Russian out, any otherwise than as a conquest. wind at N. E. Not a moment was lost Your flotilla of gallies has recently sustained a very severe defeat, and my by his Swedish Majesty's squadron.

in giving pursuit, and every sail pressed troops are at this moment landing in Finland, to reinforce those who will

From the superior sailing of the Centaur point out to them the road to honour

and Implacable, they were soon in ad

vance, so that at theclose of the evening Given at my head-quarters,

the enemy were not far off, and noticed Sept. 7. 1808.

in the greatest disorder, apparently to (Signed) GÚSTAVUS ADOLPHUS.” avoid a general battie. In the morning

of the 26th, about five o'clock, the ImNaval INTELLIGENCE.

placable was enabled to bring the lee

wardmost of the enemy's line-of-batile A very gallant action has been fought to close action, in a most brave and galin the Baltic, between two ships of the lant manner ; and so decided and judiBritish fleet under Sir Samuel Hood, cious was this man@uvre executed, that aided by the Swedish fleet, and a Ruse the Russian Admiral, who bore up with sian feet of 12 ships of the line, which the whole of his force, could not presailed from Cronstadt about the middle vent that marked superiority of disciof August, for the purpose of attacking pline and seamanship being eminently the Swedes; but from the result the distinguished. Although the enemy's Russians do not appear to have had ship fought with the greatest bravery, any intention to fight.

she was silenced in about 20 minutes ;

and

and glory.

and only the near approach of the ene. king fire; when the bowsprit came to my's whole fleet could have prevented the mizen-rigging, I ordered it to be her then falling, her colours and pendant lashed; this was performed in a most being both down; but I was obliged to steady manner by die exertions of Cap. make the signal for the Implacable to tain Webley, Lieut. Lawless, Mr Strude, close me.-Captain Martin's Jetier, sta- the master, and other brave men, unde: ting the brave and gallant conduct of a very heavy fire from the enemy's mus. Lieut. Baldwin, his other officers and kerry, by which, I am sorry to add, men, I send here with; and it would be Lieut. Lawless is severely wounded. needless for me to add more to you on The ships being in six fathoms water, I their meritorious conduct. If words of had a hope I should have been able to mine could enhance the merit of this have to sved her out in that position, but brave, worthy, and excellent officer, an anchor had been let go from her unCapiain Martin, I could do it with the known to us, which made it impossible most heartfelt gratification, and the to effe e it; at this period much valour high esteem I have for him as an offi- was displayed on both sides, and several cer and a friend, no language can suffi. attempts made to board by her bowsprit, ciently express.

but nothing could withstand the cool " The Russian Admiral having sent and determined fire of the marines un. a frigate to tow the disabled ship, again der Capt. Bayley and the other officers, hauled his wind, and the Implacable be- as well as the fire from our stern.chace ing ready to make sail, I immediately guns, that in less than half an hour she gave chace, and soon obliged the fri. was obliged to surrender. On this oco gate to cast off her tow, when the Rus. casion 1 again received the greatest aid sian Admiral was again under the ne. from Capt. Martin, who anchored his cessity to support her by several of his ship in a position to heave the Centaur line-of-battle ships boaring down, and I off, after she and the prize had groundhad every prospect of this bringing on ed, which was fortunately effected at a general action, to avoid which he an the moment two of the enemy's ships vailed himself of a favourable slant of were seen under sail standing towards wind, and entered the port of Rogers. us, but retreated as they saw the ships wick.

extricated from this difficulty: « The line of-battle ship engaged by “ The prize proved to be the Sewothe Implacable having sailed to leeward, lod, of 74 guns, Capt. Roodneff; she had grounded on a shoal just at the entrance so much water in her, and being fast on of the port; there being then some swell, shore, after taking out the prisoners and I had a hope she must have been des wounded men, I was obliged to give stroyed, but the wind moderating to orders for her being burnt, which serwards the evening, she appeared to ride vice was completely effected under the at her anchor, and exertions made to re- direction of Lieut. Biddulph, of this pair her damage. At sunset, finding ship, by seven o'clock in the morning." the swell abated, and boats sent from Sir Samuel highly praises the brave the Russian fleet to tow her into port, and gallant conduct of Capt. Webley I directed Captain Webley to stand in, and his officers and men. Capt. Marand endeavour to cut her off; this was tin's note, above referred to, merely exexecuted in a manner that must ever

presses his high sense of the conduct of reflect the highest honour on Captain Lieut. Baldwin, Mr Moore, the master, Webley, the officers and ship's company and all the officers and crew of the Im. of the Centaur, for their valour and per. placable. Three men were killed, and severance in the support of my orders. two officers (Lieut. Lawless, and Mr The boats had made a considerable pro. Morton, boatswain) and 25 men woundgress, and the enemy's ship was just eo- ed, in the Centaur. Six were killed and tering the port, when we had the good 26 wounded, in the Implacable. The fortune to lay her on board ; her bow. Russian ship Sewolod had 43 killed and sprit taking the Centaur's fore rigging, 80 wounded in the action with the Imsbe swept along with her bow grazing placable. On her anchoring near Rogersthe muzzies of our guns, which was the wick, 100 sailors and soldiers were pot only signal for their discharge, and the on board her from the port, to supply enemy's bows were drove in by this sa.. the loss in the action. In the subsequent

at

attack by the Centaur, she had 180 killed, were taken by his ship of war; and as wounded, and missing: Total 303 kil. an additional proof of the peculiar satisled, wounded, and missing. The Swedish faction which his Swedish Majesty feels feet consisted of 10 sail of the line (the on account of the distinguished gallanttwo English making 12) five frigates, ry displayed by Rear-Admiral Hood, and a brig; the Russian squadron of nine and the officers and men under his orsail of the line, three fifties, eiylit fri- ders, which his Majesty considers as the gates, two corvettes, and two cutters, most unquestionable proof of the close

Si: James Saudarez arrived on the connexion which unites the two na30th Aug. off Rogerswick, with four sail tions." of the line, and joined Sir S. Hood and By later accounts, it had not been the Swedish squadron. Captain Mar- found practicable to attack the Russian tin, avith a small squadron, was detach- fleet in Port-Baltic, as they had stronged to blockade Cronstadt. Fire ships ly fortified both sides of the harbour, were preparing to assist in the destruc- but they appeared to be in great contio2 of the Russian ships, one of which sternation and confusion, had struck carries 120 guns, and another 118, but yards and top-masts, and moored so close Sir James, in his letter to the Admiralty, to the shore, that the first strong breeze says, " The present position of the lius. from the west would, it was believed, sian fleet, within the batteries at the en. drive them all on shore. They were trance of the harbour, leaves but slen. daily harrassed and annoyed by our der hopes of their being attacked with squadron; and, on the 5th September, any probability of success. Admiral on throwing shells, a powder magazine Nauckhoff has requested a body of land blew up with a very great explosion. It forces to be sent from Finland, with a is added that the Russian Admiral had view of taking possession of the island sent out a flag of truce, offering to give of East Raga, which would effectually up all his ships, on condition of their be. command the harbour; but as the ene. ing restored on the conclusion of peace ; my have been occupied in placing it in or, according to another account, on conthe bes: state of defence, it is very doubt. dition of their being allowed to remain ful if a descent upon the island could be at Cronstadt, and to be laid up till after effected.--But every endeavour will be the peace. The offer was refused, and practised with the force under my or- some fire-ships were preparing to attack ders, jointly with the Swedish squadron, the fleet. Sir J. Saumarez had written that can tend to the further defeat of to Mr Thornton, at Stockholm, that he the enemy."

expected the Russian fleet must surren The Swedish papers are filled with der, or be destroyed. accounts of this action, and express their The latest dispatches, brought by admiration and astonishment at the da- Capt. Martin of the Implacable, how. ring gallantry displayed by Sir S. Hood ever, state, that their hopes were likely and his brave companions, in attacking to be disappointed. The Russians had the whole Russian fleet with only two fortified the entrance to the port on both ships, unsupported by any other ship. sides so strongly, as to bid defiance to Sir S. Hood is equally liberal in his the attack of fire ships. In the mean time, commendations of the Swedes, whose we learn that a Russian messenger had skill and bravery, and zealous exertions arrived under a flag of truce with some to bring their ships into action, inspire communication to the King of Sweden, ed with confidence all the officers and and Admiral Sir James Saumarez; of men under his command.-Sir Samuel which notice was sent by the Admiial presented the colours of the Sewolod to to Mr Thornton, the English minister his Swedish Majesty, but the latter re. at Stockholm, who immediately sailed tarned them with the following note, for the English feet. He was on board which affords a satisfactory proof that the Englis Admiral's ship at the date a perfectly good understanding conti. of the last accounts, and it appears that nues to subsist between the British and some pacific proposals had been made to Swedish Governments :-" The above the King; for an armistice was conclu. colours his Swedish Majesty transmits ded on the 29th of September, in North to his Britannic Majesty, because they Finland, for an unlimited time. 0:1. 1808.

SCOT 794

COURT OF SESSION.

kers. It is sufhcient to observe, that A

Case of great importance to the they admitted that cach inhabitant of

community has lately been decided the burgh might bake his own bread in the Court of Session. As most of our separately; but they contended, that a readers will feel themselves materially number of persons were not enuntied to interested in the result, we presume it associate and club together for th: purwill be gratifying to lay a short account pose. It was said that such an associa. of it before them.

tion was a mere device to evade their In the year 1800, a number of indivi. privileges, and, it sanctioned, mightend duals in the town and neighbourhood of in the annihilation of all the corporarrons Perth formed the design of baking their of Scotland. own bread. As very few of them had The bakers accordingly presented a accommodation for baking in their own petition to the Sheriff of Perthshire, houses, they formed themselves into a wherein they craved his Lordship to dissociety, purchased ground in the neigh. charge the members of the societies bourhood of Perth, and out of the juris. "from baking bread for the use of them. diction of the town, and erected there. selves.” As the Sheriff (the present on the necessary buildings for the ba. Lord Advocate) considered ihe question king of bread. They purchased the ma- to be of very great importance, he al. terials, and hired servants for manufac. lowed a proof to the parties; and after. turing the bread; and this bread, when wards (September 10th, 1866.) on con: manufactured, was distributed among sidering the proof and whole process, the members of the society, some of he“ dismissed the action, and assoilzied whom resided within, and some without the defenders.” the town of Perth.

The bakers brought this interlocutor * This society was found to answer so of the Sheriff under the review of the weil the purpose for which it was de. Court of Session by advocation; and, at signed, that a second society, of a simi. the same time, they raised a summons lar nature, was lately instituted. The of declarator, for having it found and bread which was baked by these socie- declared that the societies in question ties was allowed to be equal to any ma• were illegal. These processes of advonufactured by the bakers, and was got cation and declarator were conjoined, by the members at a comparatively cheap and the Lord Ordinary appoinied the rate. In evidence of this, it need only case to be stated in mutual memorials.be mentioned, that while the price at On advising these memorials, bis Lord. present charged by the bakers for the ship (May 30th, 1907) pronounced an quartern loaf of wheaten bread is twelve. interlocutor, dismissing the two actiotis, pence bclfpenny, and of holi se hold bread and assoilzying the defenders. The baninepence halfpenny, the members of the kers having thus lost their cause both societies are supplied with the first at before the Sheriff and Lord Ordinary, eightpence, and with the second at seven. applied, by petition, to the whole Lords, pence the loaf.

and their petition was appointed to be It will not appear surprising that these answered. On advising the petition and societies should not have been very answers, the Court, by a great majority much liked by the bakers. They suf. (May 19th, 1808,) refused the desire of fered the first one, however, to exist for the petition. A second petition was four years without any challenge ; but presented by the bakers, and, as the at last they thought fit to complain of Court considered the case to be of great it, as encroaching on their exclusive importance in point of precedent, and privileges. We have not room to de. therefore worthy of mature considera. tail the different pleas urged by the la- tion, they appointed the petition to be

answered. Answers were accordingly John M Gregor—the diet was deserted put into the petition, and the case came proloco et teinpore, and they were re-comagain to be considered by the Court on miired on a new warrant. Tuesday (July 5th), when the whole * Perth, Sept, 20.–Before Lords Craig fifteen Judges were present. A consi: and Armadale.- Wm.M•Lean, and John derable time was spent in deliberating M.Lean, his son, accused of deforcing on the question, and some difference of a revenue-officer. John was outlawed opinion prevailed on the Bench; but it for not appearing. The diet against carried, by a majority, to refuse the pe- William was deserted pro loco et tempore, tition. So that it is now finally set

and he was recommited on a new war. by a solemu judgment of the Supreme rant. John M'Laren, was found guilty Court of this country, that the inhabi- of the same offence, and sentenced to tants of royal burgns are entitled to bake be imprisoned for 12 months, and to bread for their own consumption, either keep the peace for two years thereafseparately or in company.

ter. John Galloway, accused of wilful Counsel for the corporation of bakers, fire-raising; Alexander Robertson, acthe Dean of Faculty and George Joseph cused of fraud and imposition; MargaBell, Esq.

ret Coaze, accused of child-murderFor the inhabitants of Perth, David the diet against all the three was desertCathcart, Adam Gillies, and Julin Shanked. Galloway and Coaze were recom More, Esqrs.

mitted. Margaret Cramond, accused

of child murder, was outlawed for not CIRCUIT INTELLIGENCE.

appearing.

Stirling, Sept. 7.-Before Lords Cul. Aberdeen, Sept. 7.-Before Lord Ar. len and Hermand.-John Forsyth, at madale. James Findlay, shoemaker in Bucklyvie, Walter Bartison, at Cashlie Portsoy, accused of committing a rape, toll, and Walter Forsyth, indicted for The diet against him was deserted pro assaulting and deforcing Excise.officers loco et tempore, and he was recommitted in the execution of their duty. The

There was no other two first were outlawed for not appearbusiness.

ing. Walter Forsyth was found guilty, Inverness, Sept. 13.–Before Lord Ar- and sentenced to three months imprisonmadale.-Alexander Lawson, in the uni- ment, and to find security to keep the ted parishes of Cromdale and Inverallen, peace for three years. accused of murder, and James Mackay, Inverary, Sept. 12.–Before Lords Culshoemaker in the parish of New Spy. len and Hermand.--Archd. M'Callum, nie, county of Elgin, accused of house. lately weaver in Clachan, and Archd. breaking, were outlawed for not appear- M'Lean, in Tynloan, accused of forgery, ing:—Walter Ker Boston, late school. were outlawed for not appearing.-master in Contin, accused of house. James M.Glashan, inn-keeper in Knockbreaking and theft; the libel being re- rioch, accused of inurder--the diet de. stricted to an arbitrary punishment, he serted pro loco et tempore, and he was was found guilty, and sentenced to trans- recommitted on a new warrant. portation for 14 years.-Elspet Begg, Glasgow, Sept. 17.-- Before Lords Cul. parish of Speymouth, also accused of len and Hermand.-Rachael Wright, an house. breaking and theft, was found Irishwoman, accused of stealing Flora guilty on her own confession, and sen. Amos, a child of about three years of tenced to transportation for seven years. age, was found guilty upon her own -- In this case the Court repelled an ob. confession. Counsel was afterwards jection of a misnomer in the verdict, sta- heard as to the extent to which the pains ted by the pannel's counsel, viz. that of law should go in inflicting punishment she was 'named Elspet in the indictment, on her. The Court, considering that and Elizabeth in the verdict. The Ad. the case in question had very rarely vocate depute said that Elspet and Eli: occurred in this country, and merited zabeth were the same name, and addu. the most deliberate attention of the High ced the only similar instance on record, Court of Justiciary, remitted the consi. which was as far back as 1728.-Janet deration of the case to that Court, and Ross, alias Oag, and Andrew Ross, alias granted warrant for transmitting the priBain, of Tain, accused of the murder of soner to Edinburgh, to hear the sentence

of

on a new warrant.

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