Obrazy na stronie

protest, in consequence of a letter which Colonel Murray had addressed to him, stating that the English flag had been hoisted on fort St Julien by mistake, and that the English Adjutant-General had caused it to be taken down the moment he was apprised of it, and the Portaqueze placed in its stead. "This letter," says Gen. Fiiere, " corresponds with the opinion I have always entertained of the conduct of our allies."

In consequence, however, of a com plaint preferred to the British Commander by the Magistrates and principal inhabitants of Lisbon, the most objectionable part of this offensive Convention has received a considerable pallation. This relates to the property of the Portuguese, of which the French bad plundered them on their entry into Portugal, and which Junot insisted was to be considered as the property of his army, as being in their possession at the time when the Convention was signed. Tais interpretation was resisted by the British Genera!, who it is said intimated to Junot, that as neither he nor the Portuguese considered plunder of private property as the lawful property of an invading army, unless some arrangements were entered into on the subject, the most serious consequences might attend the embarkation of the French antov. We find accordingly, that Major Gen. Beresford, Col. Lord Proby, and Gen. Kellermann, were nominated Commissioners for carrying into effect the said Convention,-and who, on the 10th September, issued a proclamation, bearing this preamble," For the fulfilment of the stipulations made in the Convention agreed upon for the evacuation of Portugal by the French army, that property of every kind confiscated or seized from the subjects or other persons residing in Portugal, whether of the royal palace, royal or public libraries or museums, or from persons still existing in Portugal, should be restored: We the said Commissioners have judg ed it expedient to appoint a committee of three persons, viz. Lieut. Col. Trant, Sr A. R. de Oliveira, and Mons. Dubleur, to receive and judge of all reclamations on this head, and whose orders for the restitution of all such property are to be strictly obeyed."

The British troops entered Lisbon on the 10th September. As the English


came in, the French retired, leaving their
tents standing, to impose upon the peo-
ple, and prevent commotions.
at the river side, they were surrounded
by corps of British horse and foot. Many
of the French officers who had straggled
from the town were maltreated, and
some lost their lives. A French sur-
geon was killed by a stone which struck
him on the temple. The body was car-
ried into a tent by a part of the German
Legion. The last of the French were
conducted by bands of British horse and
foot to the place of embarkation; and,
notwithstanding this precaution, it was
with great difficulty they could be pro-
tected from the rage of the people.
At twelve o'clock, the flag of Portugal
was hoisted on the castle, with a grand
discharge of cannon. At this moment
the people rent the air with shouts of
joy; rockets were set off, and the re-
joicings continued until the day closed,
when the whole city was most superbly
illuminated. The Spanish troops that
were made prisoners by Junot in the
hulks, were the same day disembarked,
and joined in the fete, and danced fan-
dangos in the streets. The paintings and
devices in praise of England were nu-
merous. Outrages were committed by
the people against some persons known
to be in the French interest. The mob
went to a bookseller's, shop and destroy-
ed every thing in it. The house in
which Junot had resided would have
been entirely demolished, but for the
interference of the English. The illu-
mination began on the 15th, and was ex-
pected to be continued for nine nights.

On the 9th of September the French army began to embark on board of British transports in the Tagus, (the same which carried out the British army to Portugal.) A considerable quantity of baggage had been also embarked, which the Commissioners ordered to be relanded, and overhauled, and every thing that appeared to have been Portuguese property, was detained for the proper owners. The property thus to be reco'vered is said to be of immense value.The first division of the French army, consisting of 8000 men, sailed from the Tagus, on the 15th of September, under convoy of the Nymphe frigate, Captain Percy, who had Laborde and 20 of his staff on board. The second division, having about the same number on board,

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It seems to have been at first understood by the Portugueze that they had only exchanged masters, and, even with this view of their situation, they seem to have been by no means dissatisfied; but on that head they must have been completely tranquillized by the following Proclamation issued by Sir H. Dalrymple on the 18th September.

General return, including officers, sick, wounded, and prisoners of war :—-lofan try, 22,635; cavalry, 1974; artillery 1121; engineers, 17-total 25,747-cavalry horses 1776; artillery ditto, 472-able. total 2:48. Field Artillery, 30.

On the 12th of Sept. the Russian Beet of seven ships of the line and a frigate, Admiral Siniavin on board, left the Tagus, and being joined off the Cascaes by Rear-Admiral Tyler, with seven British line of battle ships, set sail for England. They arrived safe at Portsmouth, (though after a tedious passage) on the 7th of October. Neither fleet had any colours flying, nor did they fire the customary salute to the Port Admiral. The Russian ships are all in bad repair, and the two left behind in the Tagus are so worn out, as to be unfit for service.

By his Excellency Lieut.Gen. Sir Hew
Dairymple, commanding the British
Forces in Portugal, to the Portuguese


of the British forces under my command Lave no other object in view than to insure the prosperity of the inhabitants of Portugal, by the restoration of that Government which has so long and so gloriously presided over them, and the return of which will be welcomed, ro doubt, by the united voice of a loyal people.

The success with which it has pleased Almighty God to bless the British Arms, has brought about the moment when it becomes my duty to address the faithful and loyal inhabitants of this country. I seize the opportunity with eagerness, in order to tranquillize the minds of the timid, to repress the designs of the disaffected (if any such remain,) and to assure the nation at large, that the efforts

The presence of an hostile army, in possession of the capital, and master of the principal resources of the kingcom, hed in a manner deprived the estimable and loyal subjects of Portugal of the means of liberating their country. Patriotic efforts, however, were made in spite of these disadvantages, and the na. tional spirit was manifested in a manner at once decided and most honour.

The efforts which were made by several provinces of the kingdom opened the road for the restoration of the Monarchy.

Notwithstanding, however, the energy displayed by these Provinces in ar rying and bringing forward an armed force for the liberation of the capital, the aid of the ancient and faithful Ally of Portugal was necessary to bring the contest to a successful and speedy issue. The warm interest which his Britannic Majesty felt for his Ally, and the ener gy which has ever marked the British character, suon brought a powerful force to the shores of Portugal.


That part of the Portuguese army which local circumstances permitted, united itself with the British, whilst the remainder effected a powerful diversion. Measures were taken in concert for the defeat of the common enemy. steps of that force have been marked by victory, and the expulsion of the enemy has opened the way to the restoration of the Portuguese Monarchy, the most gratifying duty which could be imposed by his Sovereign on a British Com


No views of national interest or ag grandizement can be traced in the liberal policy of Britain; but, true to the principles of honour and good faith that have ever directed her conduct, she sees, in the events now passing in Portugal, only the happy means of re-esta blishing order, and restoring to the Sovereign and the people their just rights. In the execution of these views, as Com.

Commander of the British forces, I shall best fulfil the intentions of the King my Master, and most effectually secure the interests of Portugal, by placing in the exercise of authority, that body to which his Royal Highness the Prince Regen thought fit to delegate the So. vereign Power, when he withdrew the Royal dignity from the insults of an implacable enemy, and preseived the Sovereignty of his dominions beyond the Atlantic.

One respectable Nobleman, a member of the body thus left in power by his Royal Highness, has unfortunately been removed from his country, by the authority or arms of its enemy, by which at this critical period it is deprived of his services, whilst some of the members having appeared to unite themselves with the French interest, have rendered their re-establishment in the Government at this moment impossible.

Therefore the distinguished persons under-mentioned, the remaining Mem bers of the Regency appointed by his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, and who have incurred no such disability, are called upon to repair to Lisbon to take upon themselves the functions of Government, until such time as the will of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent shall be more fully known, viz.—

The Count de Castro Marin, Monteiro Mor of the Kingdom, and Member of the Councils of his Royal Highness.

Don Francisco Xavier de Noronha, Member of the Councils of his Royal Highness, and Grand Cross of the Órder of Saint-Jago, President of the Board of Conscience, and Lieutenant-General of the Royal Armies.

Francisco de Cunha e Menezes, Member of the Councils of his Royal Highness, and Lieutenant-Gen. in the Royal Armies.

Juan Antonio Salter de Mendonga, Desembargador Poco, and Procurador of the Crown.

Don Miguel Pereira Forjaz Boutin. ho, Member of the Councils of his Royal Highness, and Brigadier in the Royal Armies.

To this Government the inferior Jurisdictions and Tribunals, the Constituted and Legal Authorities of this Kingdom, and all persons of every descrip tion, are required to pay all deference and submission.

As Commander of the British forces, I shall hold it to be my first and most urgent duty to maintain the authority of the Government thus established, to insure the tranquillity and subsistence of the capital, and to encourage the reestablishment of the former prosperity of the kingdom.

When these objects are attained, and the attainment of them can only be deJayed by intrigue or disaffection, the interference of a military force will cease to be necessary; but until these ends are accomplished, the most vigorous and decided measures will be taken for maintaining the peace and good order of the country, and all offences against the tranquillity of any part of the Kingdom, will be proceeded against with the utmost severity.

Given at the Head-quarters of the
British Army at Prayas, this 18th
day of Sept. 180S.
Lieutenant General, and Commander
of the British Forces in Portugal.

In consequence of the Convention of Cintra, by which Portugal is now liberated from her cruel invaders, a new scene of action is opened for the British arms. A great portion of our army, about 20,000, was preparing to march, under the command of Gen. Sir John Moore, for New Castile, in order to cooperate with the patriotic Generals of Spain, in their plans for attacking the French army posted on the left bank of the Ebro. A corps of 10,000 Spaniards, under Gen. Jones, who had approached Lisbon, had been joined by the 4cco, who had been disarmed and put on board the hulks by Junot, (see p. 628.) These were also in motion on their return to Spain; and, together with the British, would form a reinforcement of 34,000 men to the patriotic armies. The remainder of the British army, about 8000 men, are understood to remain at Lisbon, and Sir Charles Cotton to guard the Tagus with six ships of the line, which, with the native Portuguese forces, may be considered as sufficient to defend the kingdom against any future attempt of the enemy.

Sir Arthur Wellesley, Lord Paget, Gen. Ferguson, and a number of officers of inferior rank, have come over to England on leave of absence,


Madrid, August 27..

On the evening of the 24th of Aug. the proclamation of our beloved Sovereign, Don Ferdinand VII. was celebrated here. The celebrity of that day was marked by all those circumstances which could render it great and memorable. If we consider the joy and delight manifested on the occasion, they could not be exceeded; if we consider the magnificence of the preparations, they could not be surpassed; if we consider the order and demeanour preserved by the people, it will seem that every individual had imposed upon himself the severe but equitable law of not giving the smallest offence to his neighbour; not to offend in actions nor in words; not to profane a day dedicated to Ferdinand VII. with the least appearance of impropriety.

The city of Madrid, who were particularly anxious to demonstrate their love for their Sovereign, requested permission of the Supreme Junta of Castile to wear at the act of proclamation the ancient dress of the Spaniards, that they might in this manner record the heroic deeds of their ancestors, and to banish from their minds the very name of the dress of Frenchmen, who had brought such misery upon Spain. The Supreme Tribunal, with much satisfaction, granted their request, and with the procla ination celebrated the evening of the 24th. The time being arrived, the procession began to pass through the different streets. The houses and public buildings were splendidly decorated; but our limits do not permit us to give a particular detail of the ornaments. Portraits of Ferdinand VII. were hung on all the houses. The houses which deserve particular attention were those of the Marquis d'Astorga and Conde Altamira, standard bearer of Madrid. On the front of his house were placed four statues, representing Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance. The city of Madrid preserved for this day the magnificent triumphal arch, which had been erected for the entrance of the victorious armies of Valencia and Andalu. sia. The house of the Royal Philippine Company was splendidly ornamented. In the great entrance was placed a handsome portrait of King Ferdinand

VII. painted by Don Joseph Cameron, surrounded with laurel. The other hou ses that attracted much attention were those of the Marquis de Cimarosa, the Marquis of Montealegre, the Conde de Onate, &c. It is impossible to give an adequate idea of the beautiful perspective exhibited by the streets of Madrid. His Excellency the Marquis of Astorga, as the standard-bearer of Madrid, had invited the Grandees of Spain, the Nobles of Castile, the Officers of the Palace, the Councellors of gate, the Judges of the Tribunals, the Officers of the Armies of Valencia and Andalusia, the Inspectors and Colonels of the Royal Spanish and Walloon Guards, the Governor and Mayor of the Palace, the Secretaries of Dispatches, and many o ther persons of distinction, to attend on horseback, and assist at the solemn ceremony. What gave additional lustre to the procession, and joy to the spectators, was the happy circumstance of the presence of Signors Doyle and Whittingham, who were likewise both invi ted to perform a function, as an acknow. ledgment for the generous friendship manifested by the British nation towards this country. Scarcely had the procession begun to move, when the people began to express their joy with loud shouts and acclamations. Their dresses were highly becoming, giving them an appearance of great dignity and gravity. Madrid never was the scene of such happiness; never did its inhabitants express such satisfaction, because they never saw a Monarch proclaimed so beloved as Ferdinand VII.

A party of cavalry led the procession, and were followed by a company of halberdiers, with twenty-four alguazils, preceded by the Alguazil Mayor. The persons invited followed, attended by the maces and arms of Madrid, the Alcaldes of the Brotherhood, the four Kings at Arms, and a great many other cha racters of distinction, and public officers. On the arrival of the procession at the court of the Palace, the Chief Standard Bearer, Corregidor, the Regidor Dean, the Kings at Arms, with the Secretaries of State, ascended a platform, which had been prepared for their re. ception, whereon was placed a hand. some portrait of Ferdinand VII. Having arranged themselves according to seniority, the eldest, according to the


ancient custom, spoke in a loud tone of voice," Silencio, Silencio, Silencio, oid, oid, oid," and the Chief Standard Bearer repeated three times, the following words, “ Castilla, Castilla, Castilla, por el Senor Rei Don Ferdinando VII. que Dios garde." And the four Kings at Arms threw a quantity of gold and silver money amongst the people, which they had provided for the purpose.

Scarcely had the august name of Ferdinand been mentioned, when the people with one voice, from the bottom of their hearts, cried out, Viva! viva! viva! and expressed their determination to shed the last drop of their blood in defence of the just rights of their legiti mate Sovereign, and the glory of the Spanish nation. They saluted the English officers, Colonels Doyle and Whittingham, and the words England, Spain, and Ferdinand, were continually mixed. The procession went to the Plaza Mayor, the Plazuola de la Descalzas, and de la Villa, where the proclamation was repeated with the same formalities, and in the Court of the Palace.

During the night of the 25th, very hrilliant fire-works were displayed on the Prado. On the 27th and 28th there were bull-fights.

A supreme Junta of the kingdom has been at length convoked, and Spain has now a Regency and a central point of union and co-operation. The following is the official account of the installation of the Supreme Junta of Government at Aranjuez on the 25th of September.


List of the Members Assembled. President ad Interim. The most Excellent Senor the Conde de Florida Blanca.

Arragon.-Don Francisco Palafox and Don Lorenzo Caloe.

Estremadura.-Don Martin de Garoy and Don Felix de Ovalle.

Granada.-Don Rodrigo Requelinde and Don Luis Gines y Salido.

Jaen.-Don Sebastian de Tocano and Don Francisco Paula Castanedo.

For Majorca and the Adjacent Islands. -Don Thomas de Vizi and Don Josef Sanglada de Tajores.

Murcia.-The Most Excellent Senor the President ad interim, and the Senor Marquis de Villar.

Seville.-The Senor Archbishop of Loadicea and the Conde de Tille.

Toledo.-Don Pedro de Bibero and Don Josef Garcia de la Torre.

Valencia. The Conde de Contamina and El Principe de Pio.

In consequence of the agreement of yesterday, the 24th inst. made in a preparatory conference, and by which it was resolved, that, at half past nine o'clock this morning, the Supreme Central Junta of Government of the kingdom should be installed (to which effect all the most Serene Deputies, present in this royal residence, amounting to more than two-thirds of the number which should compose the Junta of Government, who are mentioned alphabetically in the margin, were summoned); the ceremony was observed in the following manner :

Asturias.-The most Excellent Senor Don Melchor de Jovellanos and the Marquis del Campo Segrado.

Old Castile.-Don Lorenzo Bonifacio de Quinran and Valdes, absent. Catalonia.-The Marquis de Villel and the Marquis de Sabazona. Cordova.-The Marquis de la Puebla and Don Juan de Dios Rabe.

Oct. 1808.

The said Most Serene Deputies, assembled in the sacristy of the chapel belonging to the palace of this royal residence, and, when formed, seated themselves on the benches placed on both sides for that purpose. They then heard mass, which was celebrated by the Most Excellent the Archbishop of Laodicea, coadjutor of the Archbishop of Seville, and deputy of that kingdom; after which the following oath, which had been previously taken by that Prelate, was administered by him, upon the book of the Holy Evangelists, to all the Most Serene Deputies:

"You swear by God and his holy Evangelists, and by Jesus Christ crucified, whose sacred image you have here present, that, in the employment and functions of a Member of the Central Supreme Junta of Government of the kingdom, you will defend and promote the preservation and increase of our holy Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion; that you will be loyal to, and defend our august Sovereign Ferdinand VIL

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