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pendence of his Crown, and that no effort created so much interest-Whether the has been wanting on the part of his Majes. clergy, after having their stipends once ty, to support him in the arduous contest in augmented, could receive further aag. which he is engaged.
mentations out of the tiends? The “ The recent transactions in Spain and
Court of Session found that they could, Italy have exhibited new and striking proofs by a majority of 10 against 3—Affirmed. of the unbounded and unprincipled ambi. tion which actuates the common enemy of
4. Duke of Hamilton v. Rev. Mr every established and independent nation of Scott, respecting tiends ; similar to the the world.
preceding cause-Affirmed. “ His Majesty views, with the liveliest s. Rev. Mr Scott v. Duke of Hamil. interest, the loyal and determined spirit ton (cross appeal,) complaining that the manifested by the Spanish nation, in resist- Court of Session had not granted a sufing the violence and perfidy with which ficient augmentation-Affirmed. their dearest rights have been assailed. 6. The Earl of Wemyss v. Carre-AR
“ The Spanish nation, thus nobly strug- firmed. gling against the tyranny and usurpation of
7. Mr Forbes of Callender v. Lord France, can no longer be considered as the Armadale, and the other trustees of the enemy of Great Britain ; but is recognized late Earl of Galloway, respecting titles by his Majesty as a natural friend and ally. “ We are commanded to inform you,
to an estate, which the Countess of Gal. that his Majesty has received communica- loway refused to sigu-Afirmed with tions from several of the provinces of Spain, sol. costs. soliciting the aid of his Majesty. The answer 8. Smith, &c. v. Allan and others.of his Majesty to these communications has An insurance question, whether the res. been received in Spain with every demon- pondent had given the necessary infor: stration of those sentiments of confidence mation he was possessed of when he en. and affection which are congenial to the sured a ship from Charlestown. The feelings and true interests of both nations : Court of Session found that he had And his Majesty commands us to assure
Affirmed with sol, costs. you, that he will continue to make every exertion in his power for the support of the
2. Richan v. Trail-Remitted to the
Court of Session. Spanish cause ; guided in the choice, and in the direction of his exertions, by the wishes
10. ROXBURGH CAUSE.—This was one of those in whose behalf they are en ployed. of the most important causes that ever
“ In contributing to the success of this came before the House of Lords. Coungreat and glorious cause, his Majesty has sel were heard at great length for up. no other object than that of preserving, an- wards of forty days, for the different impaired, the power and independence of claimants, both with regard to the es. the Spanish Monarchy.-Bue he trusts that tates and the peerage.
It was found the same efforts which are directed to that impossible to go through the cause this great object may, under the blessing of session. It was therefore delayed till Divine Providence, lead, in their effect, and the first Tuesday in the next session of by their example, to the restoration of the liberties and peace of Europe."
Parliament. Parliament was then prorogued to the 20th of August.
Total sion of Parliament, with their determi. Not a single appeal has been revernations, generally :
sed this session, 1. Wilkie v. Johnston, &c. respecting During the last twenty-five sessions a mercantile concern-Affirmed with of Parliament, two hundred and sevensol. casts.
ty-nine appeals from the Court of Ses2. Crauford, factor loco tutoris for Shed. sion have been heard before the House den, an infant, v. Patrick-Affirmed. of Lords, only thirty-seven of which
3. The Earl of Wemyss v. Rev. Dan. have been totally reversed. This does MC of Prestonkirk.
great honour to the Court of Session, as the important cause between the clergy many of them were cases of great intriand landholders of Scotland, which has cacy, doubt, and difficulty.
After considerable discussion and reThe campaign of the British army peated reierence to me, which rendered
it necessary for me to avail myself of termination, and in a manner, when we the limited period latterly prescribed consider the brilliant victory obtained for the suspension of hostilities, in order over the French on the 21st of August, , to move the army forwards, and to place very diferent from what was to be ex. the several columns upon the routes by pected. A Convention has been con- which they were to advance, the con: duded, by which the French are to eva. vention was signed, and the ratification cuate Portugal on certain conditions. exchanged on the zoth of last month. The particulars of this transaction are That no time might be lost in obtainçiven in the following dispatches from ing anchorage for the transports and o. Lieut.-Gen. Sir Hew Dalrymple, Com- ther shipping, which had for some days mander ia Chief, and Adm. Sir Ches. Cot been exposed to great peril on this dai. Ivh, wi.ich were published in a London gerous coast, and to ensure the comGazette Extraordinary on the 16th Sept, munication between the army and the
Head-quarters, Cintra, Sept. 3. victuallers, which was cut off by the My LORD,
badness of the weather and the surf uI have the honour to inform your pcn the shore, I sent orders to the Buffs Lordship, that I landed in Portugal, and and 42d regiment, which were on board took the command of the army on dion. of transports with Sir Charles Cotton's day the 22d of August, the next day fleet, to land and take possession of the after the battle of Vimiera, and where forts in the Tages, whenever the Adthe enemy sustained a signal defeat, miral thought ir proper to do so. This where the valour and discipline of Bri- was accordingly carried into execution tish troops, and the talents of British yesterday morning, when the forts of officers, were eininently displayed. Cascaes, St Julien's, and Bugio, were
A few hours after my arrival, Gen. evacuated by the French troops, and ta. Kellermann came in with a flag of iruce ken possession of by ours. from the French general in chief, in or- As I landed in Portugal entirely uoder to propose an agreement for a ces acquainted with the actual state of the sation of host.lities, for the purpose of French army, and many circumstances concluding a convention for the evacua: of a local and incidental nature, which tion of Portugal by the French troops. doubiless had great weight in deciding The enclosed contains the several arti. the question ; my own opinion in favour eles at first agreed upon and signed by ofine expediency of expelling the French Sir Arthur Viellesley and Gen. Keller- army from Portugal by means of the mann; but as this was done with a re- convention the late defeat had induced herence to the Britishadmiral, who, when the French General in Chief to solicit, the agreement was communicated to instead of doing so by a continuation of Eim, objected to the 7th article, which hostilities, was principally founded on had for its object the disposal of the the great importance of time, which the Russian fleet in the Tagus, it was finally season of the year rendered peculiariy concluded that Lieut.-Colonel Murray, valuable, and which the enemy could quartermaster-general to the British ar- easily have consumed in the protracted my, and Gen. Kellermaon, should pro. defence of the strong places they occuceed to the discussion of the remaining pied, had terms of convention been rearticles, and finally to conclude a con. fused them. vention for the evacuation of Portugal, When the suspension of arms was a subject to the ratification of the French greed upon, the army under the come general in chief, and the British com- mand of Sir John Moore had not arri. manders by sea and land.
ved, and doubts were even entertained Oct, 1808.
whether so large a body of men could 4.- The French army shall carry with be landed on an apen and a dangerous it all its artillery of French calibre, beach ; and that being effected, whe- with the horses belonging to it, and the ther the supply of so large ar: army with tumbrils supplied with co rounds per provisions from the ships could be pro- gun. All other artillery, arms, and an vided for, under all the disadvantages to inunition, as also the military and paval which the shipping were exposed. Du arsenals, to be given up to the British ring the negotiation, the former diffi. army and navy. culty was overcome by the activity, 5.-The French army stall carry wit. zeal, and intelligence of Captain Mal. it all its equipments, and all that is comcolm of the Donegal, and the officers prehended under the name of property and men under his orders; bat the pos- of the army; that is to say, its military sibility of the latter seems to have been chest, and carriages attached to the fel at an end, nearly at the moment when commissariot and field hospitals, or ska i it was no longer necessary.
be allowed to dispose of such part of the Captain Dalrymple, of the 19th Dra. same on its account as the Commander goons, my military secretary, will have in Chief may judge it unnecessary to The honour of delivering to your Lord. embark. In like manner, all individuals ship this dispatch. He is fully inform of the army shall be at liberty to dised of whatever has been done under my pose of their private property of every orders, relative to the service on which description, with full security hereafter I have been employed, and can give any for the purchasers, explanation thereupon that may be re- 6.-The cavalry are to embark their quired. I have the honour to be, &c. horses, as also those of the Gererals and (Signed)
oficers of all ranks. It is however fully HEW DALRYMPLE, Lieut. Gen. understood, that the means of convey. To the Right Hon. Viscount Castlereagh, &c. ance of horses at the disposal of the Bri
tish Commanders are very limited; some [Here follows, in French, the agree- additional conveyance may be procured ment for the suspension of arms between in the port of Lisbon; the number ci Sir Arthur Wellesley and Gen. Keller- horses to be embarked by the troops mann, consisting of nine articles, only shall not exceed 600, and the number one of which, the seventh, above refer. embarked by the Staff shall not exceed red to, is deserving of particular notice, At all events, every facility wil as it went to guarantee the safety of the be given to the French army to dispose Russian fleet at Lisbon, considered as a of the horses belonging to ni which canneutral port, and its departure under the not be embarked. usual delays allowed by the maritime 7. & 8.--Relate to the mode of em. laws.
barkation. DEFINITIVE CONVENTION.
9.-All the sick and wounded who The following is the definitive conven- cannot be embarked with the troops are tion for the evacuation of Portugal by intrusted to the British army. They are the French army, coucluded by Lieut. to be taken care of whilst they remain Col. Murray and General Kellermann, in this country at the expense of the subject to the ratification of the com- British Government, under the condimanders :
tion of the same being reimbursed by 1.-All the places and forts in the France when the final evacuation is er kingdom occupied by the French to be fected. The English Government wil delivered up the British army in their provide for their return to France, which present state.
shall take place by detachments of about 2. & 3.—The French troops shalleya- 150 or 200 men at a time. A suficient cuate Portugal, with their arms and bag. number of French medical officers shall gage ; they shall not be considered as be left behind to attend them. prisoners of war, and, on their arrival in --As soon as the vessels employ France, they shall be at liberty to serve; ed to carry the army to France shall and the English Government shall find have disembarked in the harbours spe. the means of conveving them to any of cified, or in any other of the ports of the ports between Rochefort and L'Ori- France to which stress of weather way ent inclusively.
force them, every facility shall be given
them to return to England without de to remain in Portugal. To either case, lay, and security against capture until their property is guaranteed to iner, their arrival is a friendly port.
with the liberty of retaining or of dis11.—The French army shall be con- posing of it, and passing the produce of centrated in Lisbon, and within a dis- the sale thereof into France, or any o. tance of about two leagues from it. The ther country where they inay fix their reEnglish army will approach within three sidence, the space of one year being alleagues of the capital, and be so placed, lowed them for that purpose. It is ful.. as to leave about one league between ly understood that shipping is excepted the two armies,
from this arrangement; only, however, 12. The forts of St Julien, the Bugio, in so far as regards leaving the port, and and Cascaes, shall be occupied by the that none of the stipulations above menBritish troops on the ratification of the tioned can be made the pretext of any convention. Lisbon and its citadel, to- commercial speculations. gether with the forts and batteries as far 17.—No native of Portugal shall be as the Lazaretto or Trafuria on one side, rendered accountable for his political and Fort St Joseph on the other, inclu- conduct during the period of the occu. sively, shall be given up on the embark pation of this country by the French aration of the second division, as shall als my; and all ibose who have continued so the harbour and all armed vessels in in the exercise of their employments, or it of every description, with their rig- who have accepted situations under the ging, sails, stores, and ara munition. The French Government, are placed under fortresses of Elvas, Almeida, Peniche, the protection of the British commanand Palmela, shall b= given up as soon ders; they shall sustain no injury in as the British troops can arrive to occu- their persons or property, it not having py them. In the mean time, the Gene- been at their option to be obedient to ral in Chief of the British array will give the French Government; tbey are also notice of the present convention to the at liberty to avail themselves of the stigarrisoas of those places, as also to the pulations of the 16th article. troops before them, in order to put a 18.-The Spanish troops detained on stop to all further hostilities.
board ship in the port of Lisbon shall 13. & 14.-Commissioners to be ba- be given up to the Commander in Chief med for accelerating the execution of of the British army, who engages to obthe arrangements. Any doubts arising tain of the Spaniards to restore such as to the meaning of any article, to be French subjects, either military or ci. explained favourably to the French ar- vil, as may have been detained in Spain my.
without being taken in battle, or in con15. From the dates of the ratifica- sequence of military operations, but on tion of the present convention, all ar- occasion of the occurrences of the 26th rears of contributions, requisitions, or of last May, and the days immediately claims whatever, of the French Govern. following. ment against subjects of Portugal, or 19.—There shall be an inmediate exany other individuals residing in this change established for all ranks of pricountry, founded on the occupation of soners made in Portugal since the comPortugal by the French troops in the mencement of the present bostilities. mouth of December 1907, which may 20.--Hostages of the rank et field. not have been paid up, are cancelled, officers shall be mutually furnished on and all sequestrations laid upon their the part of the British army and navy, property, moveable or immoveable, are and on that of the French arny, for the removed, and the free disposal of the reciprocal guarantee of the present consame is restored to the proper owners, vention. The officer of the British ar
16.-All subjects of France, or of my shall be restored on the completion powers in friendship or alliance with of the articles which concern the army; France, domiciliated in Portugal, or ac- and the officer of the navy, on the discidentally in this country, shall be pro- embaikation of the French troops in their tected. Their property of every kind, owo country.---The like is to take place noveable or innoveable, shall be res- on the part of the French army. pected, and they shall be at liberiy ei- 21.--It shall be allowed to the Gene. ther to accompany the French army, or ral in Chief of th: French army to send
an officer to France with intelligence of vered up to Admiral Cotton immediate. the present convention. A vessel will ly, with all their stures as they now are, be furnished by the British Admiral to to be sent to England, and there heid COD VE y him to Bourdeaux or Rochefort. as a deposit by his Britannic Majesty,
22.-The British Admiral will be in- to be restored to his Imperiai Majesty vited to accommodate his Excellency the within six months after the conclusion Commander in Chief, and the other prin- of a peace between his Britannic Macipal uncers of the French army, on jesty and his Imperial Majesty the Emboard ships of war.
peror of all the Russias. Vice-Admi. Additional articles. The individuals ral Sinjavin, with the officers, sailors, in the civil employment of the army and marines, under his command, to re. made prisoners, either by the English turn to Russia, without any condition or Portugueze, shall be restored with: or stipulation respecting their fu’ure out exchange. The French army shall services; to be conveyed there in mca be subsisted from its own magazines up of war, or proper vesseis, at the expense to the day of embarkation; the garri of his Britannic Majesty." sons up to the day of the evacuation of He adds, that Rear Admiral Tyler the fortresses. The remainder of the had been directed to superintend the magazines shall be delivered over in the first division of the Russian feet, which usual form to the British Government, he proposed ordering under his protecwhich charges itself with the subsist- tion immediately to Spithead. The Rusence of the men and horses of the army sian fleet consists of one ship of so guns, from the above mentioned period till six of 74, one of 66, one of 60, and one their arrival in France, under the con. of 26--The total number of men is 63$:. dition of their being reimbursed by the Such are the details of a transaction, French Government for the excess of than which no other in our recollection the expense beyond the estimation to has excited a stronger spirit of public be made by both parties of the value of discontent. For several weeks after the the magazines delivered up to the Brireceipt of the intelligence, every news. tish army. The provisions on board paper in Britain teemed with the most the ships of war, in possession of the virulent invective and intemperate aFrench army, will be taken on account buse of several of the principai Oficers by the British Government, in like man- of our army in Portugal, but inore point. ner with the magazines in the fortresses. edly against Sir Hew Dalrymple and Sir The British General will take the ne- Arthur Wellesley. With the slight incessary measures for re-establishing the formation we possess of the real circum. free circulation of the means of subsise stances of the case, and understanding, tence between the country and the ca- that in justice both to the feelings of the pital,
public and to the character of the offi. Then follow, in the Gazette, the dis- cers implicated, an official inquiry is to patches of Admiral Cotton, dated Hi. be instituted on the subject, we must bernia, oif the Tagus, Sept. 3. & 4. in decline for the present entering into the substance as follows:
merits of, or prejudging a question which The Admiral encloses a copy of the is to come under a regular investigation. above convention, ratified by himself We do not, in any of the Portugueze and Sir Hew Dalrymple. He refers to papers or letters, meet with any thing Captain Halstead for an explanation of expressive of discontent with the terms the motives that induced him to ratify of the convention; on the contrary, ale it. He states that the 3d and 42d re- though it is admtted that the terms are giments were landed on the 2d, to occu. favourable to the French, yet the utpy the forts of Cascaes, St Antonio, St most satisfaction is expressed that by Julien, and the Bugio, and that no time this convention their country is freed would be lost in embarking the French from the yoke of the oppressor, and troops, agreeably to the convention. His their capital saved from the destruction second dispatch encloses a copy of the which would inevitably have attended convention concluded with the Russian a siege. The Portugueze General proAdmiral Siniavin, which is as follows:- tested against the convention on the 4th,
“ The ships of war of the Emperor of yet he pays a warm compliment to the Russia, now in the Tagus, shall be deli. English in a letter two days after his