Obrazy na stronie

denly disappeared. From the Glas- The smaller specimen is only 10 feet gow newspapers, we find, that it was long, and has no tooth. Many Narseen forty miles to the westward of whals are taken every year in Davis' Edinburgh, much about the same Straits and the Greenland seas.time ; and, by accounts from Dundee, Those now exhibiting were brought we learn that it was visible as far to from the latter place by a Sbields the northward of this city, also about whaler, in the course of the past the same hour.

summer. Considering the quantity Oct. 18. A small shoal of herrings of fat or blubber situated immediatehas made its appearance in the frith of ly below the skin, and firmly afForth; the fishing is at present con- tached to it, the preserving and stuffined to the neighbourhood of Queens- fing of these Narwhals must have ferry, the principal rendezvous of the been a work of no common dithculty shoal,

and labour ; and considerable praise is 20. The uncommon severity certainly due to Mr Sands for having of the late gales at sea, cannot be bet- presented for the first time, to the inter illustrated than by the statement section of the British Public, those of a remarkable fact that has just come curious members of the cetaceous to our knowledge. A Stormy Petrel, tribe. But it is to be regretted that

, (one of the uncommon marine birds in order to the improvement of their above mentioned,) had been driven external appearance, these specimens by the tempest, so far inland, as to a- have been considerably deteriorated light in the bleachfield at Roslin, a- in the eye of the naturalist: They bout six miles from the frith. This seem to have been laid over with a was on the 18th inst.; and as the gale coating of whitish oil-paint, and nuhad abated two days before, it is not merous dark spots appear then to have unlikely that the poor bird had been been superinduced, without due reforced much farther inland, and was gard to the disposition, shape or dethen on its return towards the sea.- lineation of the natural spots : The It seemed exhausted with fatigue, and iris of the artificial eye has, very indied soon after being taken up. It judiciously, been painted of a bright was sent to the editors of the Edin- yellow colour,--very different indeed burgh Star, and was by them kindly from what prevails among the Cetæ : communicated to the writer of this ar- in the Narwhal we can state upou ticle. In the course of preserving it good authority, the iris is of a chesas a specimen, the intestines were found nut colour. The long tooth of the to be full of a blackish matter : the a- large animal is situated on the left nimal does not seem therefore to have side of the uppur jaw; the rudiments, perished for want, although it may or perhaps the remains, of another possibly have swallowed unsuitable tooth exists on the right side. The food.

long tooth has been loosed from its P.S.-NARWIALS. For some time socket, and its weight ascertained to past, stuffed specimens, said to be be 11 lbs. It is spirally striated, and male and female, of the Narwhal the striæ run in a direction from right (Monodon Monoceros) have been ex- to left. It is alleged by the owners, hibited in a sort of ambulatory mu- that the sinaller animal, said to be seum (belonging to a Mr Sands from the female, never had any togth or Northumberland) at the Head of horn; and the exploded opinion that Leith Walk. The larger specimen the female is always destitute of this is 16 feet long, and has one tooth, or weapon is confidently reported to the horn as it is generally called, project. visitants of the museum. ing about 7 icet from the upper lip. however merely be' mentioned, that


It may

among the few specimens described by ly one tooth or horn ;


was 27 naturalists, in which both teeth have inches in length, and spirally twisted, been found complete and of equal the striæ running from right to left, or length, one happens to be a female: according to the course of the sun. we refer to that figured in the En- The upper part of the body of the cyclopedie Methodique. From the cir- animal was dusky, with still darker cumstance of only one tooth being spots, not however very perceptible. generally found complete, the nar. The darkness gradually decreased whal very often gets the name of downwards on the sides, and the spots the Sea Unicorn; and, as an im- then became more distinct. , These provement on this name, the narwhals spots were horizontal or longitudinal, in question have been announced in but of no determinate shape. The the newspapers simply as “Unicorns.” belly was pure white. The pupil on The unicorn is universally considered the eye was black ; the iris, chesnut; as the emblem of strength and agility, the cornea, white. The tail was 30 and is represented in paintings as par- inches broad, very slightly forked ; by taking of the appearance of the horse no means deeply forked, as representand the stag. If the printed adver- ed in Dr Shaw's figure of the Monotisements led any person to expect to don in his General Zoology. In the behold some such animal at Sands's stomach were some remains of animals museum, they must have been greatly of the Mollusca order. This is the seastonished when they were shown a cond instance on record of a narwhale! Many, we believe, are not a. whal having been stranded on the Briware that the unicorn of heraldry is tish shores ; this may therefore with entirely a fabulous animal; and that propriety be marked as an occasional the Reem of Sacred Scripture, which visitor of our seas.-Our information our translators have rendered Unicorn, was derived from an able naturalist, is by judicious expositors supposed to the Rev. Johs FLEMING, who inspecbe the Rhinoceros.

ted the animal on the spot soon after Since we are upon the subject of it came on shore. Narwhals, we willingly embrace this Edinburgh, 26th Oct. 1808. N. opportunity of communicating a fact which must be somewhat interesting to every student of British zoology. Improvement in the supply of Water On the morning of the 25th of Sept.

at GLASGOW. last, a Narwhal * was found, by some

To the Editor. fishermen, cast ashore at the entrance SIR, of Weisdale in Shetland, on the pro- An abundant supply of water has

justly been considered a very nimal was observed by these fishermen

great advantage to a city, but while swimming about with great velocity it is confined to that obtained from on the preceding day; and when pit-wells, great inconvenience arises they found it next morning, it was to the inhabitants, in carrying it to dead, but still warm. It had severely houses ; and in cases of accidental fire, cut and bruised itself by floundering the carriage of the water is a great among the rocks. It measured, from hindrance to the exertions of the firethe nose to the extremity of the tail, men, and thereby much increases the twelve feet 3 inches. There was on- danger of the confiagration.

But when a town is supplied by * Possibly this naru hal may prove to

means of pipes, the ease of obtaining be of the kind called Narwalus micro. water, by promoting cleanliness, must cephalus by La Cepede.

be of great advantage to the health


and comfort of the inhabitants, while Robertson Buchanan, civil engineer. the fire-plugs, and other conveniences, -There is reason to suppose that greatly facilitate the means of extin- this is the first instance in Britain of guishing accidental fire. It is there- filtration being accomplished on so fore almost incredible to think, that great a scale with sufficient purity. the citizens of any large place should The effect is such, that though the feel satisfied without so essential means Clyde, during floods, is very muddy, of health and safety, which in general the water, even at such times, is renlies so easily within their reach. dered as transparent as spring water.

Spring water has been very often The construction of the filter is ex. used in preference to river water, for tremely simple, and might be easily the purpose of supplying towns by adopted in any other situation where i means of pipes. But this preference a large supply of pure water is requiwas given merely from its apparently red. The advantage of a plentiful greater purity. For spring water, supply of good water to bleachers

, however pure to the eye, often contains dyers, &c. begins already to be pow. foreign ingredients, hurtful to the erfully felt about Glasgow. human constitution : these ingredients, In order to procure good water, modern chemistry has enabled us to manufacturing establishments have ofdetect.

ten been erected in remote situations, This subject will be well illustrated labouring under great disadvantages, in a work speedily to be published, un- from want of hands, long carriage of der the title of “ An Analysis of the goods, &c. Manufacturers are now “ pit-wells and mineral waters of convinced, that it is a very great ad. “ Glasgow and its vicinity, with ob- vantage to have their works near the “servations medical and economical, market. Hence cotton mills are almost " by Dr URE, Professor of the An- entirely confined to the manufactu“ dersonian institution, Glasgow." ring towns. Those operations wbich

But whether the foreign matter in depend on good water, such as bleachspring water happen to be hurtful oring, dying, and callicoe - printing, not to the human constitution, yet will of course also be brought to river water, from its softness, is the those towns where good water can fittest for washing, for culinary purpo- with ease be procured. This will ses, for the processes of bleaching, naturally have the effect of increadying, and for manufactures. sing the riches and prosperity of such

In its usual state, however, river places, water contains certain earthy parti- While the public are benefited by cles which give it a muddy, unplea- such undertakings, it is satisfactory to sant appearance. In order to get observe, that, when judiciously conrid of this, filtering stones and other ducted, the individuals more immecontrivances have been long in use. diately concerned receive ample reBut of late, in this part of the king- turns for the capital which they emdom, the filtration of water on a more bark. extensive scale has been a subject For example, every one knows the of much attention with bleachers, and very great rise which has taken place in has for several years past been success. the shares of the New River company, fully practised.

where shares, which originally cost onAt Glasgow, filtration has lately ly one hundred, have risen to the ebeen conducted on a very large scale normous sum of thirteen thousand at the Cranston Hill water works, for pounds. supplying that city from the west, Glasgow,

X. 1. 2. executed under the direction of Mr 12th Oct. 1808.




Account of Books committed to the tiful plates. When this discovery was Flames, suppressed, or censured. made, Mademoiselle Vaudi, one or

the heirs, made a dreadful outcry, and (Continued from p. 653.) said, that this diabolical production

ought to be thrown into the flames. CON the Recall of the Jews : by Isaac la Peyrere, (without

The commissary remarked, that this

would “ name of city or printer,) 1643, other heirs; he proposed, therefore,

require the concurrence of the * Svo." This work made a great that it should be put under seal, till noise when it first appeared, and the copies were stopt and suppressed by which was done. The commissary

some resolution had been formed, order of the magistrates. The author then mentioned the occurrence to M. proves, that the Jews will regain pos- de St Florentin : the minister dispatsession of the Holy Land, and will be ched an order from the king, enjoinruled by a inore just and victorious king than their last princes ; and this ing him to seize the work in 'name of temporal king is to be the King of liniere is given at length in Marmon

his Majesty. The character of PopFrance, for many reasons : 1. Because

tel's Meinoirs. he is his most Christian Majesty, and

“ Principles of French Legislation, the eldest son of the Church: 2. Be

“ proved by the monuments of the cause it may be presumed, that if the

“ history of that nation, with a rekings of France have power to cure scro

“ ference to the affairs of the time. phulous sores which afflict the Jews in their body, they will also have the lates to the business of the parliaments,

“ 1771, 8vo.” This work, which refaculty of curing the inveterate mala- has been severely proscribed, on acdies of their souls, which are unbelief

count of the freedom of its strictures and obstinacy: 3. Because the kings of France wear on their arms a fleur

upon the French constitution, and the de lys, and the beauty of the church royal authority. It appears from his


is that the French were is compared, in scripture, to the beauty of lilies. He reduced all religion originally a free people

, elected chiefs,

to whom they gave the title of kings, to the belief in Jesus Christ, and thus

either for the execution of laws eshoped to reconcile, not only the Jews, but all the sects who had separated

tablished by themselves, or for leading them to war.

These assemblies, themselves from the church.

he states to haye had the power of “ The Manners of the Age, in dia- judging in all cases of revolt or trea" logues, by M. de la Popliniere, with son, of regulating the whole internal " indecent figures.” This book, the government of the monarchy, and the existence of which seems doubtful, is imposition of taxes: the choice of said to have been found among the peace and war, as well as the manner papers of M. de la Popliniere, who in which the war should be conducted, died in 1762; it was suppressed and

was determined by them. He proves carried off by order of the king, if we that the States General exercised, in may believe the account given in the whole or in part, all these functions, Secret Memoirs of the Republic of till 1258, under the regency of the Leliers, 15th July 1763. This infa- Dauphin, when the princes, taking mous production would be one of the advantage of public commotions, enFarest books known, if it really exist- croached successively upon them ; that ed. The account given is, that there the last assemblage of the States, unwere found only three copies, which der Louis XIII ,.in 1914. gave the were adorned with numerous and beau- most severe blow to French liberty; October 1808.


730 Account of Books committed to the Flames, 'suppressed, &c. but that the rights of the nation are and not very common. He composed not the less imprescriptible.

many other books on subjects of theHistiomastix ; or, the Scourge of ology and controversy.

" This man, Players : by William Prynn. Lon- says Voltaire, was extravagantly scru. “ don, 1632, 1000 pages folio.” This pulous; he would have thought himwork, the first ever burned in Eng- self damned, if he had worn a short land, was composed by Wm. Prynn, coat instead of a long; and he would an English advocate. The principal have wished that one half of mankind objeci of this author was to shew, that should massacre the other, for the gloplays, balls, and masquerades, were ry of God and the propagation of the unlawful, and contrary to Christianity. faith.” He died at Lincoln's Inn, 21th In treating of this subject, however, October 1669, at the age of 69. he had interspersed divers reflections, “ The Heroic Actions and Sayings which might be applied to the king, “ of the good Pantagruel, by M. the queen, the church, as approving · Francis Rabelais.I'his satire, in of, or tolerating these abuses. His which the monks are covered with rigeneral aiin was said to be, to shew dicule, was censured by the Sorbonne, that there was a design formed of re- and condemned by the parliament, on ducing religion to a species of pagan- account of the obscenities with which ism, in order the more easily to restore it was filled. Sensible persons adhere the catholic religion in England.- very willingly to the judgment proThis offence was represented, by those nounced on it by Voltaire, who says : attached to the king, in the blackest “ In this extravagant and unintelligicolours; and after a solemm audience, ble production, Rabelais, it is true, has which lasted three days, in February displayed an extreme gaiety, but a 1634, the book was condemned to be still greater impertinence; he has laburnt by the hand of the executioner. vished erudition, obscenity, and ennui: The author was sentenced to be ex- a good story of two pages is purchased pelled from the society of advocates, at the expence of volumes of folly." deprived of the degree which he had " Radzivil's Biblia Polonica, (Poreceived at Oxford, set up in the pil-lish Bible.) Brestiæ, 1563, fol." Few lory, to have his ears cut off, to per- works can equal this Bible in rarity. petual imprisonment, and to a fine of It was undertaken by order of Prince 50001. sterling. The bookseller who Nicolas Radzivil, Palatine of Wilna, had printed the book was condemned who caused it to be printed at his exto a fine of 5001., and he who had pence : it is said to have cost him given the licence to print it, to a fine ten thousand crowns of gold. This of 501. In 1640, Prynn recovered translation was executed by leaders of his liberty, by order of the House of the Unitarian or Socinian sect, among Commons, and was elected Member whom even Servetus is mentioned. of Parliament. He contributed to the The cause of its great rarity is said restoration of Charles II., who named to have been, that almost all the cohim keeper of the archieves of the pies were bought up and burnt by tower, with a salary of 5001. sterling; the opponents of this doctrine. Only here he employed himself upon his three are known to exist; one at “ Antiqua Constitutiones Regni Ang- Vienna in the library of the empeliæ, sub Joanne, Henrico III., et Ed. ror; another in the imperial library wardo I., circa jurisdictionem et po- of France ; and a third at Stuttgard. testatem ecclesiasticam, ex archivis “ Animadversions on the Dialectics turris Londinensis, collectæ et edictæ, “ of Aristotle, in 20 books : by Peper Guill. Prynn. Londini, 1672, “ ter Ramus, 8vo. Paris 1543. Dialec2 vols. folio:" a work of estimation, “tical Institutes, in 3 books, by the


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