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THE

SCOTS MAGAZINE,

AND
Edinburgh Literary Miscellany,

For OCTOBER 1808 ;
With a View of CALDER CASTLE.

CONTENTS:
Page

Page Register of the Weather for Octos

POETRY. ber, .....::::::::::.7? To an Honest Suter, but very bad High Water at Leith for November, ib.

Poet,.,............. 766 Description of Calder Castle, ...723

: 723 The Guardian Angel, .,....,"ib. Hints on the Introduction of Coffee, in lieu of Tea, as a Beverage, . ib.

The Kirn, :............ 768 Monthly Memoranda in Natural His: tory, ............... 725

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT. Improvement in the Supply of Wa

House of Commons, • ....... 709 ter at Glasgow,. ........ 727 Account of Books committed to the

-Local Militia, .......

-Distilleries, Flames, suppressed, or censured, 729

..... Proclamation by James VI., .... 731

House of Lords, ... Strictures on Combinations, ....732 -Catholic retition, • . A Journey through the Highlands and Scots Appeals, .... Western Isles, in the Summer of

1804.-By the Ettrick Shepherd, 735 On the Employments of Women du.

HISTORICAL AFFAIRS, ring the Middle Ages,...... 738 Portugal, ............... 777 Sketch of the Rise and Progress of Proclamation by his Excellency

the British Navy.......... 741 Lieut. Gen. Sir How Dalrymple, Description of Newfoundland, with commanding the Bricish Forces in an account of the Cod. fishery car.

Portugal, to the Portuguese Nation, 782 ried on upon its banks, •,..744 Spain, ................ 784 Singular Exploits of the Earl of Pe. -Proclamation of Ferdinand VII., . ib.

taborougb in Spain, . ....... 748 Installation of the Supreme Junta Memoirs of the Progress of Manu. of Spain at the Palace of Aranjuex, 785

factores, Chemistry, Science, and France and Russia, .........788 the Fine Arts, .......... 750 France and Austria, .........790

Sweden, .............i. ib.

Naval Intelligence, ...... SCOTTISH Review, 1. Strutt's Queenhoo-Hall, a Romance; and Ancient Times, a

SCOTTISH CHRONICLE. . Drama, .............. 752 Court of Session .......... 794 II. Chaimers's Caledonia, ..,...,756 Circuit Intelligence, ......

Magistrates of Edinburgh, . New Works published in Edinburgh, 764 Marriages, ....... Kosttish Literary Intelligence, ... ib. Births, .......... Literary Intelligence, English and Deaths, ..........

ib. Foreign, ............. ib. Stocks and Markets, .....

State

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... 800

State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from Sept. 26. to Oct. 25. 1808, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

27

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60.120

Barom. Sept.

29.85

30.
28 29.73

29.65
29.8
29.9
29.89
29.85
30.
30.05
29.9
29.85
29.4
29.8
29.7
29.75
29.9
30.05
29.31
29.65
29.5
29.61
29.7

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Thermom. Rain. Weather. M. N. In Pts 54 | 58

Clear
55

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0.04 Showers
0.03 Ditto

Clear
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto

Ditto
1.5 Snow

Clear
Showers
Clear
Cloudy

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0.01 Showers

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Cloudy
Ditto

Ditto
0.41

Rain

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MOON'S PHASES

For NOVEMBER 1808. Apparent time at Edinburgb.

D. H. M. Full Moon, 3. 8. 15. morn. Last Quar. 11. 9. 29, morn. New Moon, 18. 2. 43. morn. First Quart. 24. 10.51. even.

Quantity of Rain, 2.01

Nov. 2 Duke of Kent born, (1767.)

8. Princess Augusta Sophia born, (1768.) 11. Martinmass 30. St Andrew's day,

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Descrijition of CALDER CASTLE.

C^* (or Cawdor) CASTLE, the

seat, in Scotland, of Lord Cawdor, is a place of very high antiquity. It gave, in the 11th century, to the guilty Macbeth, his second title of Thane of Cawdor; and a very ancient oaken bed of curious construction is still shewn, as being that in which the good and innocent king Duncan was murdered; this fact, however, may admit of being questioned, since it seems scarcely to be as yet ascertained, from the very meagre knowledge of the times, where Macbeth himself was slain Calder castle bears the marks of having formerly been of great strength: the tower is very ancient, and its walls of immense thickness, arched at top, and surrounded with battlements. Even the later additions are of very considerable antiquity: in a vault, or cellar, there is, at present, a very singular thorn tree, of a large size, which grows wholly within the walls of the house, the arch attop, overit, being complete and persect; and this uncommon circumstance

is the subject of many romantic fic

tions throughout the neighbourhood. At a more recent period, this castle afforded a retreat for a fortnight to Lord Lovat, who fled to it after the battle of Culloden : the place of his concealment is still shewn near the top of a stair, and behind a chimney; and although his pursuers had the most positive information of his being in the castle, and in consequence made many searches for him, yet he remain

ed undiscovered. Indeed it is even pretended that they actually saw him on the top of the castle, one day, tho’ this seems scarcely credible.

The castle is surrounded by a large wood, which, with a rivulet that runs through it, affords most delightful and romantic scenery. It is situated about a mile to the south-east of the town of Nairn.

Hinto on the Introduction of CofFEE, in lieu of TEA, as a Beverage. OFFEE, as a beverage, possesses qualities which may operate as inducements for its general adoption in this country. Indeed, it is strange, considering its superiority, that the adoption of it, in the place of tea, has not already been carried into effect. If we allow to physicians that influence which they are supposed to have, in directing our conduct in regard to diet, it pays no compliment to their earnestness, to say, that tea has hitherto supplanted coffee as a necessary of life. Although, like every other species of food, coffee, when taken immoderately, has very pernicious and peculiar effects, yet it is superior to tea, in many particulars. A subtle oil that

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