Obrazy na stronie


Governor of Cadiz, demanding full and ver act the part of an executioner,-- I immediate restitution, To this the will do ali that shall be possible to pro. Governor returned a very spirited an vide for your personal security and reswer. He expresses his concern at the gular subsistence; and I will use the conduct of the populace, not so much utmost diligence to cause you to be confrom the badness of the action, as be- veyed to France." cause they had been wanting in respect to the Magistrates, and had taken the The following proclamation, addres. administration of justice into their own sed to the French armies in Spain, has hands. He had writ:en to him, he says, been circulated in the Spanish and to have his baggage properly registered French languages. It is dated from before he left Debrijā, and that he could Ciudad Rodrigo. only avoid the indignation of the peo. “ BRAVE SOLDIERS OF THE FRENCH ple by the most prudent and cautious ARMY ! - The time is arrived in which conduct ; " but never," says he, you should know your real happiness, it my intention, and still less that of the Napoleon, the base Napoleon, has raised Supreme Junta, that your Excellency himself to the throne of France, upon and your army should carry out of Spain the ruins of your fathers and your fel. the fruit of your rapacity, cruelty, and low citizens; in promising you the bles. irreligion-How could your Excellen. sings of a good Government, he has on. cy imagine such a thing? or suppose us ly deceived you by means the most inso stapid and insensible? Can a capitu. famous. The blood which, during ten lation, which only stipulates for the se. years, has flowed from the veins of your curity of baggage, protect the plunder comrades, has only served to augment which has been obtained by violence, the splendour of his individual greatness; assassination, and profanations of every and the Imperial Crown has nothing for kind, from Cordova and other cities? Is its support but the tombs of Frenchmen, there any law, principle or reason, which misled and dazzled by his brilliant prescribes that faith or even humanity chimeras. France, after a revolution should be observed towards an army which will make her name resound to which has entered an allied and friend the latest posterity, agitated by violent ly country under false and deceitful pre, storms, expected that the morning of texts; which bas by treachery got into her felicity was drawing near by means its power an innocent and beloved King of the great Napoleon. Yes, France ex, and all his family, and then believe pected it; but has it appeared? On themselves authorised to sack his pala. the contrary, her plains have been robces, profane and plunder his temples, bed of the vigorous hands of her peamurder his ministers, oppress his peo- sants, in order to fill Italy, Germany, ple, steal all they can carry off, and de. and Holland with their dead bodies. stroy all they cannot ? Is it possible that The youth has been snatched away such men, when deprived of the horri. from the bosom of his mother, in order ble fruits of their iniquity, should ap- to sacrifice him to the fire and sword, peal to the principles of honour and pro. to the relentless ambition of one who is bity. My natural moderation has in. the ferocious enemy of his country, duced me hitherto to write to your His treachery has practised the most Excellency with a certaiu attention ; seducing arts. He has pretended to rebut I could not refrain from giving a verence the God of Heaven, in order slight sketch of your conduct, on see to elevate himself as a god upon carth. ing your extraordinary demands, which In sporting with the lives of men, he are equivalent to a proposition that I has outraged the most sacred names of should violate and plunder the churches virtue and humanity, to deceive the of Cadiz, to compensate you for what simple and well maning, France exthe populace have taken from you, pected to see in Napoleon her liberathat is, what you took with atrocious ior, but she has only found in him her and profane violence from the city of tyrant. Her worthy citizens weep in Cordova.--Your Excellency will banish silence the miseries of their slavery i such illusions, and content yourself with but the Great Man, instead of breaking the assurance, that the Spanish nation, the fetters which oppress them, has al

. from its nobleness of character, will ne. so sought to enslave-whom? Oh God,


the avenger of ingratitude! Spain! That Langeland, addressed a letter to the of. nation which has always been the affec ficers of the Spanish troops, informing tionare friend of the French people; a them, that he had received from his Go. dation more easy to exterminate than vernment the most positive instructions to disgrace; a people who, having im- to endeavour to communicate with the bibed the sentiments of true religion, officers commanding the troops of Spain mingled with the maxims of a philoso. in the vicinity of his command, and to phy that supports and comforts, are pla. concert with them measures for secu. ced beyond the dread of the tomb. ring their retreat from any place of em

“ He wishes to enslave Spain ; that barkation which they might possess, and is, he wishes to chain to his triumphal for placing them in a state of security; chariot ten millions of souls. Mighty until transports could be provided for Napoleon ! mighty project: But the their conveyance to Spain, for which, as emissaries of this splendid exhibition well as the necessary provisions, meaare already rendered incapable of harm- sures had already been taken, and their ing us. General Dupont, a prisoner arrival was hourly expected. Until that himself, has seen his whole army over. period he offered them a share in the ac. whelmed and perishing under the thun- commodation and provisions of his ships; der of Boetic valour. Another, who but as that might be insufficient until was at Oporto, is also a prisoner; and the arrival of the commander in chief, he the perfidy and villany of the great Pro. recommended, under the pressure of cirtector of Spain, exposed to the light, cumstances, the removal of the troops to have been no longer able to ensure some of the islands in the Belt, for their him success. Soldiers ! for what, then, better security. He requested, in the do you hope ? Four hundred thousand mean time, an unreserved and confi. men, with arms in their hands, invite dential communication, as a concerted you with brotherly friendship. The plan would be necessary, for combining, Spaniard, the friend of every true and as far as possible, the interest of the Spa. virtuous Frenchman, while he embra. nish troops in Jutland and Zealand with ces him with one hand, will stretch out those in Funen and Langeland. He asthe other to divide with him his bread sured them, in conclusion, that altho', and his wine. Burst asunder, then, in his present circumstances, he could Soldiers, the chains of ambition by lay down no fixed plan, he entered arwhich you are bound ; quit the bloody dently into the views of his Governstandard of tyranny to enrol yourselves ment and of the Spanish nation, and under that which is the protector of hu. that his services, and those of every mani founity and of reason. Affluent Spain under his command, were devoted to offers you peace and abundance, and their cause. will you refuse them? It is not the false “Previous to the date of this letter, a and perfidious Napoleon that addresses Spanish officer had effected his escape you; it is the generous, the rich, and to the squadron, and his arrival had the powerful Spain."

greatly facilitated the means of commu. SPANISH ARMY IN DENMARK. nication. By him also the Admiral was Intimately connected with the affairs convinced, that no doubt could be enof Spain, are the contents of important tertained of the honour and patriotism dispatches received by Government from of the Spanish soldiers, who, indignant the Baltic, which were published on at the proposal of deserting their alle. Wednesday, August 24, in a London De giance, though surrounded by hostile rette Extraordinary, and which commu- bands, planted their colours in the cennicate the important and pleasing intel. tre of a circle which they formed, and ligence of the fortunate liberation of a swore to be faithful to their country. great part of the Spanish troops in Den- The Marquis de la Romana, commanmark, &c.

der in chief of the Spanish forces in DenThe dispatches consist of copies of mark, &c. and who was with the troops letters from Rear Admiral Keates to in Funen, returned a verbal answer by Vice Admiral Sir Jas. Saumarez, which a confidential officer to the above letter, are in substance as follow:

accompanied with an accurate report of “ On the sth of August, Rear Ad- the state and distribution of the Spanish miral Keates, then in the Superb, off troops in Denmark and its dependen. cies; and the Admiral, on the 7th, sent view he had sent Captain Graves, of the in return a detailed plan for the convey. Brunswick, to see what use could be ance of the troops to the different islands made of the vessels in Nyborg, and was in the Belt, from whence the whole to order seamen in to man 20 of the might be afterwards conveyed to the is- smacks in the port, and more as the land of Langeland, and from thence em- ships should arrive, for the reception of barked. He expressed a doubt whether the baggage and artillery; and as seahis means (having only three sail of the men might be found among the Spanish line and six smali vessels) would be suf- troops, he suggested the propriety of ficient for the complete execution of the the immediate establishment of a marine plan ; but he expected more ships, and corps on the must extensive scale possia sufficient supply of provisions for the ble, and he again reminded the Marquis Spanish troops, part of which had alrea of the imporiance of embarking providy arrived, and he relied on the zeal and sions and water with the troops. The exertions of his officers and ships com- admiral at the same time wrote to the panies for surmounting those difficulties governor of Nyborg, stating that the which were to be expected. He recom- Spanish commander having deemed it mended to the Marquis, however, to expedient, under the present circumdrive in cattle, and to take what pro- stances, to take possession of Nyborg, visions could be obtained with the troops, his duty naturally called him to a coto save the present supplies, and pro. operation with the troops of that navide against contingencies. His infor- tion, and consequently a frequent commation, he further observed, did not en munication with the town; but that, able him to judge how far it would be notwithstanding the hostility of the day, practicable or prudent for the Spanish he had given strict orders io all under commander to seize on Nyborg : such his command to observe the utmost civi. a' measure would indeed secure the in. lity towards the inhabitants, and that it activity of the gun-boats, but it might was bis wish to abstain from every hos. involve the safety of the troops in Zea- tile and offensive act, so long as no bosland and Jutland, by inducing the Danes tile measures were pursued by the troops to act offensively, when otherwise they of Denmark or France against those of might be disposed to wink at the quiet Spain; but that, should any opposition removal of the Spanisb troops. be attempted to the quiet embarkation moreover recommended, that, if the of the Spanish troops, lie should certainprinciples of the plan were approved of, ly, though most reluctantly, take meathe movement should be general and si- sures which, it was to be apprehended, multaneous; that it should be acted u- might occasion the destruction of the pon in all its parts on the same day, un. town. But although the Danish garii. less a discovery took place, in which son of Nyborg yielded to circumstancase each part should act immediately ces, the Fama armed brig, of 18 guns, without hesitation.

and the Salorman cutter of 12, mnoored “ The plan was approved of in toto by across the harbour near the town, rejec. the Spanish general, but some untoward ted all remonstrance on the part of the circumstances having occasioned sus- Danes, and every offer of security made picion, a premature execution of it be.

by the general and the admiral. The came necessary.

reduction of these vessels being absorent being adverse, the Admiral left the lutely necessary, and the Spanish gedeSuperb on the stl, and went in his ral being unwilling to act hostilely a. barge to the Brunswick, off Nyborg, gaiast Denmark, such small vessels and where his flag was hoisted. On the grh boats as could be collected were put unthe Spanish general took possession of der the orders of Capt. Macnamara, of the town of Nyborg, and the Admiral the Edgar, who attacked and took them, wrote to him, congratulating him and but not without the lamented loss of the Spanish nation on the firm and man. Lieut. Harvey, of the Superb, an offily step that he had taken on this impor- cer of much merit, and two seamen tant occasion, and recommending the wounded; the enemy had seven killed immediate conveyance of the troops to and 23 wounded. Before they struck, Langeland, there to take post till the the Spaniards in some measure departarrival of the transports. With dised from their general's intention, and


The wind and cure

Pred some shot at them, being irritated and cutter which rejected his offers of at this vexatious opposition to their security, and forcibly opposed his en. friends,

trance into the port. "On the oth the admiral wrote to the “ That a plan thus hastily, although governor of Nyborg, that as his en: most judiciously executed, should have trance into the harbour had been forci. not succeeded in its entire extent, will biy opposed, he was under no obliga. not excite surprise. Two regiments in tion tu abstain from hostility, nor to re. Zealand, after having fired on the French spect the property of the inhabitants ; General Frision, who commanded them, but although these could not be better and killed one of his aids-de-camp, were secured than by the word of a British disarmed; and one regiment in Jutland, officer, still it must be obvious to his Ex. the admiral says in the body of his discellency, that the Spanish general had patch, was too distant and too critically occasion for several of the small craft in situated to effect its escape ;- but in a the port, and that unless the masters postscript he says that hopes were eaand crews of them would lend their aid tertained that part at least of this regito equip and navigare their vessels, it ment had escaped to the post at Langemight not be in his power to secure land by the Western Channel. Excluthem from injury; but if they complied, sive of it, however, 10,500 of the Spa. he pledged himself, after the short ser: nish troops are thus secured. There vice on which they were required, to use were already 2500 in Langeland ; anoevery means in his power to secure ther 1000 were thrown into strengththem from injury, and to grant pass. en the Spanish past until the army could ports for their safe return.

be landed; 6000 embarked ar Nyborg " Every thing bring thus arranged, with the Marquis de la Romana, and and expedition being deemed of the grea. upwards of 1000 from Jutland joined test importance, the Admiral shifted in the morning of the uth. The ad. his fag to the Hound in the harbour, miral bestows the highest praise on the ad as, from the circumstances of the officers and men employed in this short weather, ships of the line could not be but fatiguing service. As an attack on brought nearly in, 57 sloops or doggers the rear was to be apprehended, great found in the port were fitted by the sea. precaution was necessary ; such guns as men, in which great part of the artillery, could be brought to bear upon it were baggage, and stores, was embarked that spiked, and the embarkation was covera night and the following day, and remo- ed and most effectually protected by the ved to the point of Slypsham, four miles Minx gun-brig, and the two prizes, and from Nyborg, where the army was em- by the very judicious disposition of the barked safely on the morning of the gun boats under Captain May, of the 11th, and without opposition, notwith. Royal Artillery, whu volunteered. The standing the very unfavourable state of most lively joy was diffused thro' every the weather, and placed under the pro. class of the army by this event, and such tection of his Majesty's ships at the an. was the eagerness of the troops to es. chorage of the island of Sproe. The cape from the yoke of the tyrant, that whole were landed in the course of the the regiment of Zamora made a march afternoon of the 13th at Langeland, and of about 9o English miles in 21 hours." a convention had been entered into be. Such are, in substance, the official tween the Spanish general and the go.

accounts of an event which is in itseif a vernor of the island, which, on the one victory, and an important one, and not hand, enjoined abstinence from hostility, the worse for being almost bloodless. and on the other a sufficient supply of The plan for extricaring those brave provisions, if this island (which is fertile) men from the ignominious and mortify. could afford it.

ing situation in which they had been "Some sacrifices of horses and stores placed by a tissue of crait and misforwere deemed necessary by the general; iune, does equal credit to the wisdom and as the admiral considered it right of those who formed, and the moderato enter into his views and wishes, eve. tion of those who executed it. By this ry unavoidable act of hostility was rigid. most grateful of all succours, we shall ly abstained from, for such ihe admiral establish an additional claim to the gra. did not deem the bringing away the brigtitude and esteem of the Spanish nation; we restore to them upwards of 10,000

FRANCE. of their veteran troops, and with them The motions of Bonaparte, since he a commander universally respected and left Bayonne on the 16th of July, have beloved, and who is said to possess the been kept secret. It is said he visited confidence of the army beyond any of- Bourdeaux and Rochefort. He arrived, ficer in the service. Iis effects through however, at St Cloud on the 14th Aug. out Europe must be highly important. On the 15th (his birth-day) there were The escape of those men, and the ob- open theatres, illuminations, Sre-works, ject for which they have been emanci- public dances, &c. &c. but all at the pated, cannot be concealed, and the ac. expense of the government. The mi. tual state of affairs in Spain must now nister of the interior, on these occasions, be fully disclosed. It is indeed already draws up the plan of the festival, and very generally knowo, but the real facts the Parisians become the willing actors and the French fictions keep the public in the scene, whether their hero be a mind in a state of doubt and hesitation. Robespierre or a Napoleon, a man of

So admirably were the above mea- bloud in a red night-cap, or a man of sures concerted, that not a whisper of it blood under an imperial diadem. Na. was heard at Hamburgi, or any place in poleon on this occasion received, of its vicinity, until the arrangements for course, the congratulations of the Sethe embarkation at Nyborg were com. nate and other public bodies. pleted. They had heard privately in- On Sunday the 21st August, a grand deed of threats being employed to in. ball was given at the Hotel de Ville, at duce the Spaniards in Holstein to take which their Imperial and Royal Majesthe oath of allegiance to King Joseph, ties, with all their relations, ministers, and that the officers had been given to and generals were present. understand that, if they refused, they It has at length been permitted to the would immediately be disarmed, dis- French Journalists to take notice of the missed the service, and have their pro. events in Spain. The Moniteur of the perty confiscated. It was not till the 6th September contains a very long evening of the roth, when nothing was narrative of the events that have taken heard or dreamt of but the preparations place in that country since the French for the celebration of Bonaparte's Birth- entered it, although in fact it is the his. day, that the astonished Hamburghers tory of no one event; it is such a conwitnessed the sudden departure of their catenation of palpable and contradicforeign guests. Two battalions of Dutch tory falsehoods, as was never before istroops, and a number of artillery, were sued even in revolutionary France. The ordered to appear on the grand parade people of Spain are represented as haat nine o'clock, and immediately march• ving been the only plunderers, the only ed through the Altona gate, and pro persons guilty of cruelties and excesses, ceeded by forced marches to Holstein. Throwing off all allegiance, disregarding

The French General Bernadotte was the constituted authorities, and anxious at Travemunde, when, on the arrival of merely for disorder and revolution, several couriers, he set off suddenly for whilst the French have conducted tbemRendsberg. A considerable force of the selves with the utmost moderation and enemy had been assembled in Holstein, humanity: giving no provocation: All and as it was possible that they might the cruelties which have been practised effect a passage over to Langeland, Äd by the French themselves, are charged miral Keates had collected as many ves- upon the Spaniards. The account of sels as were able to carry the Spanish the war is of the same stamp. The troops to Gottenburgh ;-from whence narrative rambles from one province to they were to embark for England on another, always leaving off when the i be 10th of September, on board of 40 triumphant French were upon the point transports sent out for the purpose. of entering the cities, which therefore The convoy was the Nassau of 64 guns the reader is led to believe were taken, and three sloops of war. The Marquis and the entire provinces subdued. With de Romana, commander of the Spanish the single exception of Dupont's defeat, army, arrived at Harwich from Gotten- it says that the French arms were invaburgh, on the 16th of September, and riably successful, and even in mentionset out for London.

ing Dupont's defeat, it says nothing of

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