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At the conclusion of the battle, such children; the restoration of your law. was the enthusiasm excited by the result ful Prince ; the independence, nay, the among our Generals, that they all to a very existence of your kingdom, and man went up to Sir A. Wellesley, con- for the preservation of your holy reli. gratulating him on his success, and ex- gion; objects like these can only be at. clamming, “ This, General, is all your tained by distinguished examples of forwork!"— The men sympathised with titude and constancy. their leaders, and loudly expressed their The noble struggle against the tyransatisiaction that their old General, as ny and usurpation of France, will be they called him, had won the battle. jointly maintained by Portugal, Spain,
It is but justice to say, that in both and England; and in contributing to the battles the French fought with great success of a cause so just and glorious, bravery, particularly the grenadiers of the views of his Britannic Majesty are Junot's guard, nearly 300 of whom were the same as those by which you are found lying dead on the very spot on yourselves animated. which they were drawn up.
(Signed) CHARLES Cotton. By the official dispatches, (tho' pot
ARTHUR WELLESLEY. mentioned in the Gazette) we learn, Lavos, Aug. 4th, 1808. that Gen. Kellerman came to the British
The proclamation of Admiral Cotton camp on the morning of the 22d of Au.
and Sir A. Wellesley was accompanied gust, with a flag of truce from Gen. Junot
, in order to treat for a capitulation. by the following address to the French The General remained till the 24th, army from the Portugueze General:when he set out for the head-quarters of
PROCLAMATION, Junot with the terms propused by the Of the General commanding the PortuBritish Commander. In the mean time gueze Army, to the Soldiers of the a truce had been granted to the French
French army in Portugal. for six days from the 24th. The head " Soldiers of the French army :quarters of the British army were at The moment is now arrived to speak Torres Vedras on the 26th, the Portu. openly to those who have hitherto reguese were posted at Maceira, and the fused to listen to the language of reaFrench at Mafra.
son. Open your eyes, Soldiers, to the
deep abyss of evils which is formed unThe following proclamation was is. der your feet, through the foolish ambi. sued by Admiral Cotton and Sir Ar- tion of your EMPEROR, the impolicy, thur Wellesley, previous to military o. the avarice, the sanguinary barbarity, perations :
of your Generals. Listen to the voice, PROCLAMATION,
the cry of an army, which has proved, By the Commander in Chief of his that a man may be a soldier, and yet Britannic Majesty's forces employed humane; that in the same heart may to assist the Loyal inhabitants of the be united the most intrepid bravery Kingdom of Portugal.
with religion and morality. What do you PEOPLE OF PORTUGAL!
hope for, from the Portugueze armies, The time is arrived to rescue your the brave English, or the high spirited country, and to restore the Government Spaniards, our dear allies, sworn ene. of your lawful Prince. His Britannic mies to your government, which, by Majesty, our most gracious King and the greatest atrocity, has outraged the Master, has, in compliance with the one and persecuted the other; to forge wishes and ardent supplications for suc- chains for your country, or to perish in cour from all parts of Portugal, sent to the field of battle? What a frightful alyour aid a British army, directed to co. ternative! It is nevertheless your fate. operate with his fleet, already on your But an allied and betrayed Prince! But
an hospitable and pillaged people! But The British soldiers who land upon a pacific and assassinated nation: These your shore do so with equal sentiments demand our vengeance. There remains of friendship, faith, and honour. but one way of avoiding so cruel a ca.
The glorious struggle in which you lamity. Abandon your colours ; come are erz-ged is for all that is dear to and join our army; if you do so, in the man-- the protection of your wives and name of the Prince, in the name of the
People, I promise that you shall be rant a belief that it was not in sufficient treated as friends, and that you shall force to hazard a contest with the one day have the pleasure of returning French army, which is stated to exceed to your homes and to your families, 40,000 men; and the Corunna Gazette who are distracted with grief at having states that the French, learning that Geo. lost you. This advice can neither be Blake was still at Astorga, had re-posconsidered as contrary to duty or hosessed themselves of Burgos. The Gal. nour, if it is properly understood. But, lician army consists of 30,000 men.soldiers, if there be any among you Cuesta was at Valladolid with about that are so insensible to the sweet e- 2000 cavalry. Gen. Castanos had lett motions of religion and humanity, that Madrid to join liim. The Duke del Inthey will not leave their posts, such fantado and Col. Doyle, who was with monsters are at best a heavy burden to the Gallician army, had set out from the universe; they are well worthy of the Astorga for Madrid on business of great cause they defend, and the recompence importance. that awaits them. Soldiers, make your
ARRAGON. determination while you have an oppor. It has been supposed that it is not the tunity ; ours is made.-(Signed.) intention of the French to evacuate
“ BENARDIN FREIRE D'ANDRADA. Spain, but to occupy the line of the “ Dated at the Head-quarters of the Por- Evro, from its source to its moutb,
which almost intersects the north of tuguese Army, August 10. 1808.
Spain, from the mountains of Asturias
to the Mediterranean. The possession SPAIN.
of Saragossa would however be necesNEW AND OLD CASTILE. sary to the execution of this plan, and The Spanish Gazettes contain a va. that they are not likely to obtain. They riety of particulars respecting the eva. have been defeated in another, and we cuation of Madrid by the French, but believe a last attack on that city. In there is nothing new in them. There the Madrid Gazette Extraordinary of were some popular disturbances after the 18th of August is a letter from Geo. the departure of the French, but order Palafox to the Governor of the Council, was soon restored, and the people came dated head.quarters, Saragossa, August forward in multitudes to be embodied, 14th, in which he says" I have the in pursuance of an order for the enrol. satisfaction to inform you, that the French ment and arming of all from 16 to 50. army which, during two months, afilicte Gen. Castanos, with the first division of ed this city, practising the most shame. the patriots from Andalusia and Valen. ful conduct ever witnessed, abandoned, cia, entered Madrid on the 9th of Aug. early this morning, an immense quan. and, after making the necessary arrange- tity of artillery, ammunition, provisions, ments for the maintenance of public and other articles. The enemy attempt. tranquillity, proceeded to follow the ed, during the night, a new attack on route of the enemy. The latter made the narrow position which I occupied, no halt at Segovia; evacuating also Val- but was defeated by the brave troops ladolid and Placentia, they fell back u- under my command, who defended it pon Burgos, Penurvo, and Vittoria. with such courage that he was obliged Joseph Bonaparte had left the army, and to fly with precipitation.” He adds, re:urned to France. The Gallician ar- that he had sent 4000 men to cut off the my, the head-quarters of which were at enemy from the road to Navarre, where Astorga, had advanced in pursuit of other troops and armed peasantry were Bessieres, who, with 15,000 men enter- to assemble ; and that 4000 more, with ed Burgos on the 12tli, where he found 6000 which had that day arrived from the rear guard of Josepli's army, under Valencia, were to continue the pursuit Gen. Moncey;
but subsequent accounts of the rear-guard, to prevent them at state that the French lett Burgos on the least from committing their usual ex197h, in consequence of a summons sent cesses the towns through which they shem by Gene als Cuesta and Blake, might pass. There was a great rejoicing who were to enter the town next day, at Saragossa on occasion of this final The advances of the Gallician army, triumph, and a solemn thanksgiving was however, have been so slow, as to war. ordered for the 15th.
na, with every prospect of success.We have now to announce the rising from the extreme scarcity of provisions, of this province in the patriotic cause, the disaffection of the inhabitants, and so long withheld from declaring itself the desertion of the troops, it is believed by its local circumstances and situation. that it cannot long hold out. Several The chief persons of the province form. bodies of troops advancing to its relief ed themselves into a junta at Bilboa, and have been cut off by the Spaniards. To their first act was to issue a spirited de- supply the present necessities, and pro. claration, calling on the people to emu. vide for the wants of the patriotic army, late their brethren in arins, and to imic the Junta of the province have ordered tate the conduct of their ancestors, and the estates situated in it belonging to exhorting them to hurl vengeance and Bonaparte's minion the Prince of Peace, destruction on the head of their oppres. to be sold by auction, or let out at rent. sors. At first they were in want of arms His valuable flocks of sheep in Asturias and ammunition, but the supplies fur. have been sold by order of the Junta of nished by our squadron enabled a con- that province. siderable body to take the field. Their
ANDALUSIA. rising seems, however, to have been still The Madrid Gazette states, that Du. rather premature. The moment it was pont having pressed for the immediate heard of, 8000 French troops were de- embarkation of his troops, agreeably, to tached from Vittoria against Bilboa, a. the capitulation, the Governor of Cadiz bout the 14th of Aug. The inhabitants, answered, that the want of transports unsupported by regular troops, after a rendered it impossible, and besides that galiant resistance, were obliged to yield, it was not likely that the English would but obtained honourable terms of capi- permit their passage, Gen. Castanos not tulation ; but these were totally disre. having undertaken positively to obtain garded by the French, who, on entering their consent, but merely to use his in. the city, plundered it of every thing fuence with the English Government valuable, and returned to Vittoria with for that purpuse. According to another their bouty. Subsequent accounts from account, however, Dupont had arrived Gijon state, that another attack had at Port St Mary on the 14th of August, been made by the enemy on Bilboa, but for the purpose of embarking there, and that they had been forced to make a his baggage having set out for the camo speedy retreat, having lost 1400 men. place, some of the plunder, consisting of On the same day that they first entered church-plate, fell out of the cases, the the place, Capt. Towers, of the Iris fri. appearance of which so enraged the pogate, is said to have landed, spiked 43 pulace, that they immediately stopped pieces of cannon, and destroyed 500 bar- the waggons, and repossessed themselves rels of powder.
own property. Although the On the rising of the inhabitants of British Government would be warrantBilboa, they sent to Major Roche, re- ed in preventing the return of the French questing him to hasten to them with suc. to Rochefort, yet, out of deference to cours. He complied, but arrived on the the Spanish Commander, it is, we un. 15th of Aug. only to witness the defeat derstand, determined not to interfere of the Spaniards, of whom only about with the execution of the capitulation. 2000 were engaged with the French The prisoners, on their march, were ob. force (about 8000) from Vittoria. The liged always to encamp in the open Major returned to Gijon on the 27th. fields, being in constant apprehension The French committed the most horri- of an attack from the people, whom ble atrocities in Bilboa.—They conti- their multiplied excesses had extremely nued in possession on the 29th. The exasperated. Dupont was to have been Spaniards were preparing to attack them, Governor of Cadiz, and had with him a but it was believed that they would pre- numerous train of rapacious rascals, to viously evacuate the city. Major Roche, fill all the lucrative employments, civil it appears, has since repaired to Biscay and military. with ample supplies of arms and ammu- In consequence of the attack of the
populace, as above stated, upon what CATALONIA.
Dupont called his baggage, he wrote an The Spaniards are besieging Barcelc- insolent letter to Don Thomas Morla, Sept. 1808.
Governor of Cadiz, demanding full and ver act the part of an executioner,-- I immediate restitution, To this the will do ali that shall be possible to pro. Governor returned a very spirited an- vide for your personal security and reswer. He expresses his concern at the gular subsistence; and I will use the conduct of the populace, not so much utmost diligence to cause you to be confrom the badness of the action, as be- veyed to France." cause they had been wanting in respect to the Magistrates, and had taken the The following proclamation, addres. administration of justice into their own sed to the French armies in Spain, has hands. He had writ:en to him, he says, been circulated in the Spanish and to have his baggage properly registered French languages. It is dated from before he left Debrijā, and that he could Ciudad Rodrigo. only avoid the indignation of the peo. “ BRAVE SOLDIERS OF THE FRENCH ple by the most prudent and cautious ARMY ! - The time is arrived in which conduct ; " but never," says he, you should know your real happiness, it my intention, and still less that of the Napoleon, the base Napoleon, has raised Supreme Junta, that your Excellency himself to the throne of France, upon and your army should carry out of Spain the ruins of your fathers and your fel. the fruit of your rapacity, cruelty, and low citizens; in promising you the bles. irreligion. How could your Excellen- sings of a good Government, he has on. cy imagine such a thing? or suppose us ly deceived you by means the most inso stapid and insensible? Can a capitu. famous. The blood which, during ten lation, which only stipulates for the se. years, has flowed from the veins of your curity of baggage, protect the plunder comrades, has only served to augment which has been obtained by violence, the splendour of his individual greatness; assassination, and profanations of every and the Imperial Crown has nothing for kind, from Cordova and other cities? Is its support but the tombs of Frenchmen, there any law, principle or reason, which misled and dazzled by his brilliant prescribes that faith or even humanity chimeras. France, after a revolution should be observed towards an army which will make her name resound to which has entered an allied and friend the latest posterity, agitated by violent ly country under false and deceitful pre, storms, expected that the morning of texts; which bas by treachery got into her felicity was drawing near by means its power an innocent and beloved King of the great Napoleon. Yes, France ex, and all his family, and then believe pected it; but has it appeared? On themselves authorised to sack his pala. the contrary, her plains have been robces, profane and plunder his temples, bed of the vigorous hands of her peamurder his ministers, oppress his peo- sants, in order to fill Italy, Germany, ple, steal all they can carry off, and de. and Holland with their dead bodies. stroy all they cannot ? Is it possible that The youth has been snatched away such men, when deprived of the horri. from the bosom of his mother, in order ble fruits of their iniquity, should ap- to sacrifice him to the fire and sword, peal to the principles of honour and pro. to the relentless ambition of one who is bity. My natural moderation has in. the ferocious enemy of his country, duced me hitherto to write to your His treachery has practised the most Excellency with a certaiu attention ; seducing arts. He has pretended to rebut I could not refrain from giving a verence the God of Heaven, in order slight sketch of your conduct, on see to elevate himself as a god upon carth. ing your extraordinary demands, which In sporting with the lives of men, he are equivalent to a proposition that I has outraged the most sacred names of should violate and plunder the churches virtue and humanity, to deceive the of Cadiz, to compensate you for what simple and well maning, France exthe populace have taken from you, pected to see in Napoleon her liberathat is, what you took with atrocious ior, but she has only found in him her and profane violence from the city of tyrant. Her worthy citizens weep in Cordova.--Your Excellency will banish silence the miseries of their slavery i such illusions, and content yourself with but the Great Man, instead of breaking the assurance, that the Spanish nation, the fetters which oppress them, has al
. from its nobleness of character, will ne. so sought to enslave-whom? Oh God,
the avenger of ingratitude ! Spain! Thai Langeland, addressed a letter to the of. mation which has always been the affec ficers of the Spanish troops, informing rionate friend of the French people; a them, that he had received from his Go. dation more easy to exterminate than vernment the most positive instructions tu disgrace ; a people who, having im- to endeavour to communicate with the bibed the sentiments of true religion, officers commanding the troops of Spain mingled with the maxims of a philuso. in the vicinity of his command, and to phy that supports and comforts, are pla. concert with them measures for secu. ced beyond the dread of the tomb. ring their retreat from any place of em
" He wishes to enslave Spain ; that barkation which they might possess, and is, he wishes to chain to his triumphal for placing them in a state of security, chariot ten millions of souls. Mighty until transports could be provided for Napoleon ! mighty project: But the their conveyance to Spain, for which, as emissaries of this splendid exhibition well as the necessary provisions, mea. are already rendered incapable of harm- sures had already been taken, and their ing us. General Dupont, a prisoner arrival was hourly expected. Until that himself, has seen his whole army over. period he offered them a share in the ac. whelmed and perishing under the thun. commodation and provisions of his ships; der of Boetic valour. Another, who but as that might be insutficient until was at Oporto, is also a prisoner; and the arrival of the commander in chief, he the perfidy and villany of the great Pro. recommended, under the pressure of cir. tector of Spain, exposed to the light, cumstances, the removal of the troups to have been no longer able to ensure some of the islands in the Belt, for their him success. Soldiers ! for what, then, better security. He requested, in the do you hope? Four hundred thousand mean time, an unreserved and confia men, with arms in their hands, invite dential communication, as a concerted you with brotherly friendship. The plan would be necessary, for combining, Spaniard, the friend of every true and as far as possible, the interest of the Spavirtuous Frenchman, while he embra. nish troops in Jutland and Zealand with ces him with one hand, will stretch out those in Funen and Langeland. He asthe other to divide with him his bread sured them, in conclusion, that altho', and his wine. Burst asunder, then, in his present circumstances, he could Soldiers, the chains of ambition by lay down no fixed plan, he entered arwhich you are bound ; quit the bloody dently into the views of his Governstandard of tyranny to enrol yourselves ment and of the Spanish nation, and under that which is the protector of hu. that his services, and those of every man munity and of reason. 'Affluent Spain under his command, were devoted to offers you peace and abundance, and their cause. will you refuse them? It is not the false “Previous to the date of this letter, a and perfidious Napoleon that addresses Spanish officer had effected his escape you; it is the generous, the rich, and to the squadron, and his arrival had the powerful Spain."
greatly facilitated the means of commu. SPANISH ARMY IN DENMARK. nication. By him also the Admiral was Intimately connected with the affairs convinced, that no doubt could be enof Spain, are the contents of important tertained of the honour and patriotism dispatches received by Government from of the Spanish soldiers, who, indignant the Baltic, which were published on at the proposal of deserting their alleWednesday, August 24, in a London Ca giance, though surrounded by hostile sette Extraordinary, and which comma- bands, planted their colours in the cen. Dicare the important and pleasing intel. tre of a circle which they formed, and ligence of the fortunate liberation of a swore to be faithful to their country. great part of the Spanish troops in Den- The Marquis de la Romana, commanmark, &c.
der in chief of the Spanish forces in DenThe dispatches consist of copies of mark, &c. and who was with the troops letters from Rear Admiral Keates to in Funen, returned a verbal answer by Vice Admiral Sir Jas. Saumarez, which a confidential officer to the above letter, are in substance as follow:
accompanied with an accurate report of " On the sth of August, Rear Ad. the state and distribution of the Soanish Riral Keates, then in the Superb, off troops in Denmark and its dependen