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“ I have reason to believe that his light infantry companies, and the 45th force consisted of at least 6ooo men, of regiment of Brigadier. Gen. Craufurd's which about 500 were cavalry, with five brigade, while the two other regiments pieces of cannon; and there was some of ihis brigade (the soth and gist,) and reason to believe that General Loison, half of the 9-pounder brigade, were kept who was at Rio Major yesterday, would as a reserve in the rear, join General Laborde by his right in the Major-Gen. Hill and Brig.-General course of the night. The plan of attack Nightingale advanced upon the enemy's was formed accordingly, and the army, position, and, at the same moment, Brighaving broken upfrom Caldas bis morn. Gen. Fane's rihemen were on the hills ing, was formed into three columns; the on his right; the Portugueze infantry right, consisting of 1200 Portugueze in a village upon his left; and Majorinfantry, and 50 Portugueze cavalry, Gen. Ferguson's column was descending destined to turn the enemy's left, and from the heights into the plain. From this peretrate into the mountains in his rear; situation the enemy retired by the pas. the left, consisting of Major. General ses into the mountain with the utmost Ferguson's and Brigadier-Gen.; Bowes's regularity and the greatest celerity; and brigades of infantry, three companies of notwithstanding the rapid advance of riñemen, a brigade of light artillery, and the British infantry, the want of a suffi. 20 British and 20 Portugueze cavalry, cient body of cavalry was the cause of was destined, under the command of his suffering but little loss in the plain. Maj. General Ferguson, to ascend the “It was then necessary to make a hills at Obidos, to turn all the enemy's disposition to attack the formidable poposts on the left of the valley, as well sition which he had taken up. Brig.as the right of his post at Roleia ; this Gen. Fane's riflemen were already in the corps was also destined to watch the mountains on his right, and no time was inotions of General Loison, on the ene- lost in attacking the different passes, as my's right, who I had heard had moved well to support the riflemes as to defeat from Rio Major towards Alcoentre last the enemy completely. night. The centre column, consisting “ The Portugueze infantry were or of Major Gen. Hill's, Brigadier General dered to move up a pass on the right of Nightingale's, Brig. Gen.Craufurd's, and the whole; the light companies of MaBrigadier Gen. Fane's brigades (with jor Gen. Hill's brigade and the 5th re. the exception of the rifiemen detached giment moved up a pass next on the with Major-Gen. Ferguson,) and 400 right; and the 29th regiment, support: Portugueze light infantry, the British ea by the gth regt. under Brig. General and Portugueze cavalry, a brigade of 9- Nightingale, a third pass; and the 45th pounders, and a brigade of 6-pounders, and 82d regiments, passes on the left. were destined to attack General La- These passes were all difficult of access, borde's position in front.
and some of them were well defended “ The columns being formed, the by the enemy, particularly that which troops moved from cebidos about seven was aitacked by the 29th and oth regi. o'clock in the morning. Brigadier-Gene- ments. These regiments attacked with ral Fane's riflemen were immedia'ely de- the greatest impetuosity, and reached the tached into the hills on the left of the enemy before those whose attacks were valley, to keep up the communication to be made on their fanks; the defence between the centre and left columns, of the enemy was desperate, and it was and to protect the march of the former in this attack priocipally that we sustaioalong the valley; and the enemy's posts ed the loss which we have to lament, were successively driven in. Major: particularly of that gallant officer the General Hill's brigade, formed in three Hon. Lieutenant Col. Lake, who distincolumns of battalions, moved on the guished hims- If upon this occasion, right of the vallev, supported by the “ The enemy was, however, driven cavalry, in order to attack the enemy's from all the positions he had taken in left ; ed Brigadier Gens. Nightingale the passes of the inountains, and our and Craufurd moved with the ar illery troops were advanced in the plains on alog the high road, until ai lengih the their tops. For a considerable length former formed in the plain immediately of: ime, the 29th and gih regiments a in the enemy's front, supported by the lone were advanced to this point, with
Brigadier-General Fane's riflemen at a badly--5tb Foot, Maj. Eames, slightly; distance on the left, and they were af. Lieut. Doyle, 2 serjeants, 39 privates-terwards supported by the sth regiment, 9th, Lieut. Col. Stuart, (since dead); and by the light companies of Major- Major Molle, Capt. Sankey, Ensign General Hill's brigade, which had come Nicolls, 3 serjeants, 49 privates—38ih, up on their right; and by the other 4 privates--2016, Majors G. Way and troops ordered to ascend the mountains, Tho, Egerton; C prains P. Hodge and who came up by degrees. The enemy A. Patison ; Lieuts. R. Birmingham, H. here made three most gallant attacks u. John W. Lucas, and Robert Stannus; pon the 29th and oth regiments, sup- 6 serjeants ; 105 privaies-Sad, Lieut. ported, as I have above stated, with a R. Read, dangerously, 1 serjeant, 17 priview to cover the retreat of his defeat. vates—45th, Ensign Davison, 9 privates ed army; in all of which he was, how. -50th, i private-oth Capt. John Curever, repulsed; but he succeeded in ef- rey, siightly, 2 privates—32d, 3 privates tecting his retreat in good order, owing --40th, 2 privates—715t, i private--ad principally to my want of cavalry, and, batt. 95th, 3 serjeants, 25 privates—5th secondly, to the difficulty of bringing batt. 6oth, Lieut. Kiety, Ensign Dawes, up the passes of the mountains, with ce- Adjutant de Gilso, all slightly, 5 serlerity, a sufficient number of troops and jeants, 34 privates—20th Light Dra. of cannon to support those which had goons, 3 privates, 2 horses. Missing--9th first ascended. The loss of the enemy Foot, 12 privates--29th, Capt. George has, however, been very great, and he Tod, Lieutenants W. Birmingham, A, left three pieces of cannon in our hands. Newbold, and J. Langton, 1 serjeant, I
“I cannot sufciently applaud the drummer, and 32 privates-oth, priconduct of the troops throughout this vate-2d batt. 95th, 7 privates- sth action. The enemy's positions were for- batt. 6oth, 16 privates. midable, and he took them up with his Abstract of the Return-4 officers kil. usual ability and celerity, and defended led, 20 wounded, 4 missing--3 non-comthem most gallantly. But I must ob- missioned officers and drummers killed, serve, that although we had such a su- 20 wounded, and 2 missing-63 sank periority of numbers employed in the and file killed, 295 wounded, 74 missing operations of this day, the troops actu. - horse killed, and 2 wounded-Toally engaged in the heat of the action tal of inen and horses killed, wounded, were, from unavoidable circumstances, and missing, 488. only the 5th, 9th, 29th, the riflemen of The next letter is from Gep. Wellesthe ysth and both, and the flank com ley, dated head quarters at Lourinha, panies of Major-General Hill's brigade, August 18th, and states that he had being a number by no means equal to heard from Gen. Anstruther of his le that of the enemy; their conduct, there. ing on the coast of Peniche, with the fleet fore, deserves the highest commenda- of victuallers and store ships, and para tion."
of the force detached from England un. General Wellesley, after a warm ex. der Brig. Gen. Ackland; that he had pression of his obligations to the Gene. ordered Gen. Anstruther to lana imme. ral and Staff Officers, gives the follow- diately, and had moved to Lourinha, in ing return of killed, wounded, and mis- order to protect bis landing, and facili. sing:-Killed-Gencral Staff, Capt. K.J. tate his junction. " Gen. Loison," he Bradford, 3d Foot Guards, Deputy Asadds,"joined Gen. Laborde in the course sistant Adjutant General--Royal Artil. of last night at Torres Vedras, and I un. lery, Capiaio H. Geary-sth Fout, 3 derstand that both began their march privates--9th, 4 privates--29th, Lieut.- towards Lisbon this morning ; I hear Col the Hon. G. A. Lake, 2 serjeants, also that Gen. Junot has arrived this day 31 privates--820, o privates—-45ih, En- at Torres Vedras, with a small corps sign Dawson-50th, 2 privates-320, ! from Lisbon ; and I conclude that the private-40th, i private-71st, i pri whole of the French army will be asvate-2d battalion 95th, i serjeant, 6 sembled between Torres Vedras and the privates-5th batt. 6oth, 8 privates- capital in the course of a few days." 20th Light Dragoons, 1 horse. Wound- The next is a letter from Licut. Gen. ed.--Royal Artillery, i private-Royal Şir H. Burrard, enclosing the su joined Ingineers, Capt. Howard Elphinstone, report of Sir Arthur Wellesley. '* On
my landing this morning," says Sir Har. ine, in large bodies of cavalry, on oar Ty, “ I found that the enemy's attack left upon the heights on the road to had already commenced, and I was tor- Lourinha ; and it was soon obvious that tunate enough to reach the field of ac- the attack would be made upon our adtion in time to witness and approve of vanced guard, and the left of our posievery disposition that had been, and was tion; and Major:Gen. Ferguson's briafterwards made by Sir Arthur Welles. gade was immediately moved across the ley, his comprehensive mind furnishing ravine to the heights, on the road to a ready resource in every emergency,
Lourinha, with three pieces of cannon; and rendering it quite unnecessary to
he was followed successively by Brig. direct any alteration,"
Gen. Nightingale, with his brigade, and
three pieces of cannon, Brig. Gen. AckVimiera, August 21, 1303.
land, with his brigade, and Brig.-Gen.
Bowes, with his brigade.-These troops “ I have the honour to report to you, were formed (Majo:-Gen. Ferguson's that the enemy attacked us in our posi- brigade in the first line, Brig. General tion at Vimiera this morning. The vil. Nightingale's in the second, and Brig.lage of Vimiera stands in a valley, thro' Gen. Bowes's and Ackland's in columns which runs the river Maceira ; at the in the rear) on those heights, with their back, and to the westward and north- right upon the valley, which leads into ward of this village, is a mountain, the Vimiera, and their left upon the other western point of which touches the sea, ravine, which separates these heights and the eastern 'is separated by a deep from the range which terminates at the ravine from the heights, over which landing place at Maceira. On these passes the road which leads from Lou. last-mentioned heights, the Portugueze rinha and the northward to Vimiera. troops, which had been in the bottom The greater part of the infantry, the ist, near Vimiera, were posted in the first 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 8th brigades, were instance, and they were supported by posted on this mountain, with eight Brig. Gen. Craufurd's brigade. pieces of artillery; Major-General Hill's “ The troops of the advanced guard brigade being on the right, Major-Gen. on the height to the southward and eastFerguson's on the left, having one bat- ward of the town were deemed sufficient talion on the heights, separated from the for its defence, and Major.Geveral Hill mountain. On the eastern and north- was moved to the centre of the moun. ern side of the town is a bill, which is tain on which the great body of the in. entirely commanded, particularly on its fantry had been posted, as a support to right, by the mountain to the westward thèse troops, and as a reserve to the of the town, and commanding all the whole army. In addition to this supground in the neigbourhood to the south- port, these troops bad that of the cavalry wa:d and eastward, on which Brig.-Gen. in the rear of their right. The enemy's Fane was posted with his riflemen and attack began in several columns upon the goth regiment, and Brig. Gen. An. the whole of the troops on this height; struther with his brigade, with half a on the left they advanced, not withstand. brigade of six-pounders and half a brio ing the fire of the ritlemen, close to the gade of nine-pounders, which had been Soth regiment, and were checked and ordered to the position in the course of driven back only by the bayonets of last night. The ground over which that corps. The' ad battalion 43d regi. passes the road from Lourinha commanda ment was likewise closely engaged with ed the leit of this height, and it had not them on the road which leads into Vibeen occupied, excepting by a piquet, miera; a part of that corps having been as the camp had been taken up only for ordered into the church-yard to preone night, and here was no water in the vent them from penetrating into the Neighbourhood of this height.
town. On the right of the position they " The cavalıg and the reserve of ar- were repulsed by the bayone's of the tillery were in the valley, between the oth regiment, which corps was successhills, on which the infaniry stood; both fully supported by the ad battalion goth Banking and supporting Brig.-General regiment, which, by an advance in co Fane's advancedguard, The enemy first lumn, took the enemy in flank. appeared at eight o'clock in the morn- “ Besides this opposition given to the
attack of the enemy on our advanced employed, under the command of the guard by their own exertions, they were Duke D'Abrantes in person, in which attacked in flank by Brigadier-General the enemy was certainly superior in Ackland's brigade in its advance to its cavalry and artillery, and in which position of the heights on the left, and not more than half of the British army a cantonade was kept up on the flank was actually engaged, he has sustained of the enemy's columns by the artillery a signal defeat, and has lost 13 pieces on those heights.
of cannon, 23 ammunition waggons, with At length, after a desperate contest, powder, shells, stores of all descriptions, the enemy was driven back in confus and 20,000 rounds of muskei ammuni. sion from this attack with the loss of tion. One general officer (Bernier) has seven pieces of cannon, many prisoners, been wounded and taken prisoner, and a and a great number of officers and sol- great many officers and soldiers bave diers killed and wounded. He was been killed, wounded and taken. pursued by the detachment of the 20th “ The valour and discipline of his light dragoons, but the enemy's caval. Majesty's troups have been conspicuous Ty were so much superior in numbers, upon this occasion, as you who witnesthat this detachment has suffered much, sed the greatest part of the action and Lieut. Col. Taylor was unfortu. must have observed ; but it is a justice nately killed,
to the following corps to draw your no. " Nearly at the same time the ene- tice to them in a particular manner.” my's attack commenced upon the heights Here the General particularly mentions on the road to Lourinha. This attack the 50th, 2d batt. 95th, 5th batt. Goth, was supported by a large body of caval. ad batt. 4 3d, 2d batt. 520, 97th, 36th, ry, and was made with the usual impe. 4oth, 7ist, and 82d; and after warmly tuosity of the French troops. It was praising the conduct of Gen. Spencer, seceived with steadiness by Major.-Gen, and the other General and staff-officers, Ferguson's brigade, consisting of the and stating that a French General Ofi. 36th, 4oth, and 71st regiments; and cer (supposed to be Thiebault, chief of these corps charged as soon as the ene. the staff) had been found dead on the my approached them, who gave way, field of battle, gives the following re. and they continued to advance upon turn of the killed, wounded, and mishim, supported by the 32d, one of the sing: Killed, Royal artillery, a privates corps of Brigadier Gen. Nightingale's 20th Light Dragoons, Lieut. Col. brigade, which, as the ground extended, Taylor, 19 privates, 30 horses-39th afterwards formed a part of the first Foot, 7 privates--40th, 6 privates-line, by the 29th regiment, and by Bri. zist, 12 privates-29th, privatesogadier Gen. Bowes's and Ackland's bri- 820, Lieut. R. Donkin, and 7 privates gades, while Gen. Crawford's brigade, -50th, Capt. G. A. Cooke, i serjeant, and the Portugueze troops, in two lines 18 privates-:5th batt. 6oth, 14 privates advanced along the height on the left, --2d batt. 95th, I serjeant, 5 privates In the advance of Maj.-Gen. Ferguson's --2d batt. 43d, i serjeant, 26 privates brigade, six pieces of cannon were taken -2d batt, 52d, 3 privates-97th, 4 pri. from the enemy, with many prisoners, vates--20th, Lieut. Brooke. Wounded. and vast numbers were killed and General Staff, Capt. Hardinge, s7th wounded.
Foot, Deputy. Assistant.Quarter-Mas“The enemy afterwards made an at- ter General - Royal Artillery, 2 pri. tempt to recover part of his artillery, by vates, and two horses--20th light draattacking the 71st and 82d regiments, goons, 2 serjeants, 22 privates, io hor. which were halted in 2- valley in which ses-36th, Capt. Hobart, Lieuts. Hart, it had been taken. These regiments Lought, and Edwards, and Ensign Boretired from the low grounds in the sell, all slightly, Lieut, and Adjutant valley to the heights, where they halted, Povah, severely, I serjeant, 1 drumfaced about, fired, and advanced upon mer, and 34 privates--40th, Capt. the enemy, who had by that time arriv. Smith and Lieut, Frankly, slightly, 2 ed in the low ground, and they thus oc serjeants, and 28 privatesogist, Capt. bliged him again to retire with greatloss. A. Jones, Major M-Kenzie, Lieuts. W.
" In this action, in which the whole Hartly, R. Dudgeon, and A. S. M'In. of the French force in Portugal was tyre, and Ensign W. Campbell, all
slightly; Lieut. Pratt, and acting Ad. are the English, and behind them is the jutant R. MacAlpin, severely, 6 ser- sea-be cool and steady, you have only jeants, and so privates—29:11, Brigade. to drive them into it!" The order is. Major A. Creagh, 1 serjeant, 10 privates suced by Sir Arthur Wellesley was brief--82d, 2 serjeants, and st privates-- ly and simply this :--- My brave coungoth, Major Charles Hill, Lieuts. John trymen! drive the French out of the Kent, John Wilson, and Robert Way, passes on the road to Lisbon." a serjeant, i drummer, and 61 privates When the French General Bernier fell --5th batt. 6oth, Lieuts, G, Kirk, Lewis by his wound, the soldiers of the 71st Raith, i serjeant, 21 privates-26. batt. regiment, who were immediately upon 95th, Lieut. Pratt, Ensign W. Cox, 13 him, in the heat of their fury, were about privates—20 batt. 9th, 1 serjeant, 14 to bayonet him, when corporal Ross inprivates—2d batt. 43d, Major Hearne, terfered to restrain his comrades, and to Capts. Ferguson, Brock, and Haverfield, save the fallen General. Bernier imme. Lieut. Madden, Ensign Wilson, 5 ser. diately offered his purse to his protector, jeants, 2 drummers, 68 privates-20 batt. who nobly refused it, saying, that to 52d, Capt. Ewart, Lieut. Bell, 2 save a fallen enemy was a principle of jeants, zi privates--97th, Major J. Wile feeling, as well as of duty in a British son, Lieut. Kettlewell, 2 serjeants, 14 · soldier. When Bernier was conveyed privates—ad or Queen's, i serjeant, 6 to Col. Pack, the commander of Ross's privates—20th, Lieut, Hog, 5 privates. regiment, he expressed his admiration Missing. Royal Engineers, first Lieut. and gratitude for this generous conduct Wells—20th. Light Dragons, Capt. Eu- in the strongest terms; and at the same stace, s drummer, 9 privates, 1 horse time evitced considerable surprise that 36th Foot, i serjeant, i private-40th, a French General, having on his full uni6 privates--56th, 2 privates--sth batt. form and epaulets, should not have been ooth, 10 privates—2d batt. 9671, 3 pri- plundered or maltreated, Col. Pack invates—ad batt. 43d, I drummer, 12 formed him, that if such was the pracprivates—ad batt. 52d, 2 privates-20th, tice the French soldiers were accustomi private.
ed to, he hoped that many of their off. Abstract of the Return--4 officers kil. cers would, like him, have the opportuled, 37 wounded, 2 missing-3 non- nity of teaching them a better system, commissioned officers and drummers from the experience of the more honourkilled, 31 wounded, 3 missing, 128 rank able habits of Britons. and file killed, 446 wounded, 46 mis- When Gen. Ferguson led his men to sing-43 horses killed, wounded and the attack, he advanced some distance missing. Total officers, non-commis in front, took off his hat, and waved it, sioned officers and drummers, rank and that his person might be distinguished file, and horses, killed, wounded and by the whole brigade. Col. Lake fell missing, 783.
most nobly, as he led his grenadiers Ordnance and Ammunition taken-six i through one of the passes, the difficul. pounder, 4 four pounders, 2 three ties of which defy all description. The pounders, 6 five and half-inch howitzers, 36th, commanded by Col. Burne, per2 ammunition waggons, 21 Portugueze formed prodigies. He had enjoined his ammunition cars, 40 horses, 4 mules. men, it seems, to withhold their fire, This only the artillery received in the but as the enemy continued firing with park; & more were taken. The am- great effect, one or two young soldiers munition waggons and cars contained discharged their muskets--Col. Burne a portion of powder, shells, and stores immediately called out, “ If I knew the of all descriptions, and about 20,000 fellow who has just fired, I would knock pounds of musket ammunition,
him down." This remark, at a moment
when so many were knocked down by Thus far the Gazette.-- The following the enemy's bullets, excited no small particulars are communicated in letters degree of merriment among his men, notfrom officers who were engaged in the withstanding the awfulness of the scene. battle of the 21st :
The charge of the 20th dragoons was Junot harangued his troops in the most masterly; had there been a larger morning, and immediately before the force of cavalry, the whole of the enea battle, said to then--"Comrades, there my's force must have been annihilated.