Obrazy na stronie

year, would amount to 750,000l. This each; this he proposed to raise to 4d. would be provided for in the following for those payable in more places than manner. In the first place, short annui. one, and to 6d. for such country notes ties had fallen in anounting to 380,000l. as were made payable only in the place which he would propose to be applied they were issued. There might also be to the Ways and Means; 65,000l. had a small additional duty on the transfer annually been saved by improvements of stock shares, which were now made in the management or the revenue; according to the nominal value. As to 125.000l, had been already gained by law proceedings, they were at present the arrangement which had tahen place burdened with such high taxes, that he with respect to the collection of the as. was unwilling to charge them with any sessed taxes, and he thought that, by a additional duties; there were, however, similar arcaagement in the collection of one or two slight additional duties which thiest ampduties, a further sum of 27,092. he thought they might bear. He should mght be gained. These sums taken to. propose therefore a duty of one shilling gether would make a total of 770,000l. on every summons before a master in which exceeds by 20,000l. the sum that Chancery. As to conveyances of land, would be necessary to cover the interest which now bore a duty of go shillings of the loan, and of the four millions of generally, he should propose a duty of Exchequer bills. The additional stamp 205, on every conveyance of land the duties which he should propose would, value of which did not exceed 150l. he trusted, not be considered as burden. From 1501. tu 300l he should propose some, and would rather be considered 308.; from zool, to sool. 508.; and from as a regulation and an arrangement than that upwards, at a rate not exceeding' an increase of duties. He should pro- 225. for every icol. After a few genepose an equalization of the stamp du. ral observations, le concluded by mo. ties on deeds in Scotland, by adopting vinç his first resolution. somewhat of the ad valorem principle. After a few observations from Mr He wished also to alter the duties now Vansittart, and Mr Huskisson, the first paid on admission into offices. The pre. resolution of the Chancellor of the Exsent duty was 201. without regard to chequer was put and carri-d. the value or amount of the office. He

CATHOLIC PETITION. wished that every ofice under 6ol. an.

Monday, May 29. Dually should be entirely exempted ; Air Grattin presented a petition from those from 6cl. to 1501. to pay sl.; the Roman Catholica of Ireland (pro for. those from 150l. to 300l.to pay 201. and ma,) praying for an equal participation of a higher duty for the admission into of the privileges of the British constitution, &c. fices of greater value. He proposed "The petition appears to be one of the larthat the duty on indentures of attornies gest ever presented to this House, and is and solicitors, who were in practice in said to be signed with pearly one million the superior Courts, should be vol. and of signatures.--Ordered to be referred :0 a the duties on those in the inferior Courts,

Committee on Wednesday. as well as the writers to the signet in

Ilednesday, Alvy 25.

Mr Grattisja moved, that the petition Scotland, should be 55. He proposed which he presented from the Roman Cathat the duty on feoffmnents should be tholics of Ireland be now read. raised from il. 105. to 31. which was He began with observing, that not only the same as deeds of lease and release that petition, but several others on the table, are now liable to. He shouid also pro spoke to the sense of the Irish Catholicspose a small duty upon policies of lite The petitioners formed a very considerable Insurance. The issuing of promissory portion of the electors of Ireland; they posnotes, reissuable, he also considered a seased a great share of political power : and Lair subject of taxation. He thought no

they applied, through the constitutional orperson should be allowed to issue notes

gan, for a legal object. It was his most without taking out a license, which

anxious wish that this question should be should cost zol, per aunum.

discussed in a spirit of concord. He dethose notes were payable only in the precated all religious and political animo

sity. He recommended the balm of oblicountry, in the places where issued, and vion ; that the battle of the Boyne, and the others were inade payable in other rebellion in the year 1745, should be for. places. These notes at present paid 34. gotten; and that there should be no allu

sion to those scenes where parties contend- It was the policy of all nations but this, ed against each other. He saw, and he to admit persons of every religious descripşaw with satisfaction, the Catholic estab- tion into the service of the state. It was lished in Canada. He saw Government the practice in Frarce before the revoluconducting the Portuguese to South Ame- tion. In America it had long prevailed. rica, and establishing the Catholic religion During the war which terminated in che there. He saw alliances formed with Aus

independence of that country, the Ameritria and other Catholic states, from which can Catholic was seen fighting by the side he muse infer that, whatever internal mis. of the American Protestant, and both in chief might be apprehended from a Catho. unity with France, of which the religion lic establishment, there was no external was Catholic. England was at present withdanger to be feared. This would be some. out one ally in the world but Sweden ; the thing towards his argument; for he trust- Protestant religion did not supply us with ed, before he sat down, he should be able one, and would they then give up the only to show the House that the internal dan ally which they had at home? The Cager was small indeed. The petition prayed tholic clergy were willing that his Majesty for admission into the State, and to the pri- should exercise a negative upon the affirmavileges of seats in that House. The act of tive of their Bishops; so that no person the 33d of the King gave the Catholics ad. could be elevated to that rank without the mission to political power; it admitted them previous approbation of the Sovereignto the constituency, and rendered them eli. He had so far argued the question upon gible to all offices, with a few exceptions. general principles; he would next consider The removal of these exceptions, and the it as applying to Great Britain and Ireland. power of legislation, were alone wanting, It was said that the object of the petition to place them on a level with the rest of was opposed to the principles of the revotheir countrynien. Those who oppose the lution. It was said that it was hostile te claims of the Catholics, object, in the first the declaration of rights. By the fundaplace, that they acknowledge the temporal mental laws of this country, the Catholics power of a foreign Prince, and recognize form a part of the constituent body. If in him the capacity to depose the Sove. they looked to the constitution, they must reign which the constitution has given agree with the petitioners; if to the printhem. These were the objections of some ciples of the revolution or the declaration of the mildest among their antagonists.- of rights, they niust agree with them; and Dthers, in the violence of their zeal and in- if they looked to the duration of the contolerance, represent the Catholics as men stitution, they must agree with them, berendered execrable by their religion. Now, cause, whenever danger should arise, where as to the first objection, he should appeal were they to look for assistance and supto the unanimous decision of the seven port, but to the petitioners? The anomaly principal universities in Europe. Their of a Protestant King with Catholic Counopinion had been asked on the subject, and cils was urged against the claim expressed they ananimously declared, that it was not in the petition. He could see no anomaly a tenet of the Catholic religion; that the in the case, nor could he perceive any danPope possessed temporal power out of his ger in the practice. The Councils of Henry own dominions; that it was not a tenet of iv. of France were guided by Sully; and the Catholic religion that he had a right Turenne headed the armies of Louis XIV. to depose Sovereigns; and that it was not Neither of these servants was of the same one of their tenets that they should hold religion of their Sovereign, but their servi. no faith with heretics. They observed ces were not less acceptable or meritorious upon all these imputations with gre

on that account. sal indignation, and they condemned and But the argument upon which the greatstigmatized such tenets. Such were the est reliance was placed was, that if the Ca. opinions of the great Doctors of the Catho- tholics are admitted to the privileges of lelic church. There were documents equally gislation, they would endeavour to estabstrong on the part of the Catholic laity of lish their own religion. But how were Ireland. These were the various oaths im- they to establish it? Circumstanced as pro. posed on them, particularly those by the perty was, was there any likelihood that 13th and 14th of the King. They dis- the Catholics would become the majority claimed the infallibility of the Pope; they of the House, and if they were not, how denied that it was any part of their reli- were they to pull down the Protestant es. gion to believe that he was infallible, and tablishment, and erect their own in its place! They renounced all clains which they might He entirely agreed that the two churches have upon property. From all these he should be separate, and that the Catholics would contend that there was no moral in. should pay their own church. This was compatibility between the two religions. no: the way, however, in which casviste


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considered the question. They looked to Government. He entreated the House not the dominant religion merely as a profitable to believe the tales which were circulated establishment, which they endeavoured to respecting the ferocious disposition of the support by pains and penalties, and thus lower orders of people in Ireland; that the converted the principle of the revolution, Catholics would suffer no Protestants to which should be a blessing to the empire, live among them. He would gladly, if he into an instrument of oppression and into- could obtain the permission of the House, lerance. It is said the oath of the King is go into a Comınittee to disprove the asa: incompatible with the admission of the Ca- sertion. A people were not to be concili. tholics. The King, he would admit, was ated by such calumnies. Ireland stood by sworn to maintain the constitution in church our side, contributing five millions to the and state, but he was not sworn to the eter- population of the empire ; exporting to the nal maintenance of the penal laws. He amount of ten millions; remitting two milwas sworn as to his executive, but not as lions annually in rent ; paying as much to his legislative capacity. When Henry more in interest, and giving to the army VIII. assented to the reformation, he de- and pavy one third of their number. And parted from his oath. So did Elizabeth. - was a connection with such a country to Se did his present Majesty when he gave be placed in jeopardy for a privilege, the his consent to the Quebec act--when he benefit of which would only be enjoyed by admitted the Catholic to the right of inhe- a few, but the denial of which was consiritance in 1782-when he admitted him to dered injustice and oppression! The exthe professions in 1792—when he admitted perience of a century had shewn how foolhim to the constituency in 1793—so that, ish it was to think of governing such a according to the mode of reasoning, en- country by a system of bigotry, or any sysployed by the opponents of the Catholic, tem but the principles of a legitimate conall the best and most gracious acts of his stitutional Government. The Catholics did Majesty's reigo were but a succession of not come before that House as a few indiperjuries. This was to make the rights of viduals, but as a people. They did not ihe church the wrongs of the people.- come with affected humility to implore a This was to make the church a confede- favour, but to claim what they conceived to racy against the people, and what was be a right. They apply to you as freemen worse, to make the King a party to it. The should to freemen. it was upon these state of Ireland required that the full bene- grounds he would move that the petition fit of the constitution should be communi- on the table he referred to a Committee of cated to the Catholic, and it was most im- the whole House. periously called for by the state of Europe. (When Mr Grattan had sat down, as no

Before Gentlemen should make up their other Member rose, there was a loud cry minds to reject the motion, he entreated for the question, which was put, and the them to pause and consider the situation of gallery was cleared for a division ; but in a the country. Austria had left us ; Russia, short time it was opened, and we found Mr who should have been ours, was matched Canning on his legs.) against us. There was nothing left for us Mr Secretary Canning did not hesitate but an union of every heart and every to confess that he would have wished the hand. He would recommend en his coun- debate had not been brought forward, but trymen to associate more with the Catho- since it had been brought forward, he hop. lic, to remove gradually the litele jealousies ed it might not be protracted. He musc by which he was agitated. It was not the agree with the Right Hon. Gentleman in political exclusion so much as the personal all the abstrace principles which he had inferiority which he felt. There was alsu laid down, of the necessity of civil concord a class of persons in Ireland, the Orange and union, and more particularly in the men, to whom he should not be ashamed present situation of the country; but he to appeal on this occasion. He would en- could not agree with him entirely as to treat them to lay aside their animosities, the practical result of those principles. He and to consider the Catholics as entitled to concurred most heartily in wishing that rereceive, and capable of conferring, all the ligious animosities might soon be healed, charities and confidence of civilized society. and in deploring their existence; but yet He would appeal to the Administration he could not shut his eyes against the practoo; it would be no justification for them tical effects of them. He saw that, in point to say that the people of Ireland should not of fact, they did exist; and he doubted have felt so strongly upon this subject. whether they were to be healed by speech

ight have been indiscreet, es. He, therefore, deprecated a discussion, but he would pledge himself that they which, he was convinced, could not lead would have no French among the Catho- to any practical good, and which, if it were lics, if there were no bigotry among the conducted with that temper and modera

The people

tion recommended by the Right Hou. Gen. sesa tiously against the motion, with this satleman, would prob.bly do more injury tifiction, that nothing that had been hthan service to the cause which it was in- therto said could be a bar to the claims cf tended to support. He was convinced, that the petitioners in future. He hoped new the advice which he had given to the Gen- thing of a prejudical nature would bt sid, tlemen of Ireland, and which he would, no or, at least, no such thing would reach the doubt, confirm by his own example, would country, where it would probably do misdo more practical good, in the conciliation chief. of the people of that country, than any le- Mr Windham observed, that the speech gislative enactment which could be made. of the Right Hon. Gentleman reminded

Let iny body who knew the state of the him of an expression itsed by Lord Chespublic mind in this country say, whether terfield in one of his letters. That Noble there was not a strong prevailing senti. Lord, giving his poetical opinion on the ment against concession to the Catholics. Tragedy of Cato, remarked on the passage If this was founded in reason, it was not with which that tragedy commenced, easily to be overcome; but if it was even

" The dawn is overcast, the morning foanded only on prejudice, the Right Hon. Gentleman was well aware that such pre

lowrs, judices did not yield to repeated attacks of

" And heavily in clouds brings on the reason, any niore than the prejudices on the

day." other side to penal litvs. lé would be of That it merely related what a watchman little value to have a najority for the mea- told every body, when he cried out, “ Past sure in the House, if there was an inflamed four o'clock and a cloudy morning"-( 4 majority against it out of the House. If lang!).--So of the speech of the Right there should be a disappointment in the Honourable Gentleman, in the exuberant present instance, there would be a consola. eloquence of which out any thing was to tion in reflecting, that the object of the be found, but that the discussion would be motion must ultimately, though gradually, inconvenient to him and his friends, and prevail. He was unwilling to mix person-, therefore that it ought to be deprecated. al topics in this debate. The Righi Hon. Lord Pollington, Lord Castlereagh, and Gentleman opposite had very scrupulously Mr Wilberforce, opposed the motion. abstained from such topics, and with him, Lord Milton, Lord H. Petty, Sir J. Cox at least, the Catholic question would never Hippisley, Mr F.lliot, Mr M. Fitzgerald, be a party question. But he feared some Mr Martin, and Gen. M. Mathew, spoke of those who would follow the Honourable in favour of the motion; as did also. Gentleman would take another course;ınd Mr Ponsonby', who said, that in a conif there was any thing that made him re- versation with Dr Milner, who was the gret having risen so early in the debate, it representative of the Catholic Clergy, he was its depriving him of the opportunity of assured him that their body had determined meeting those personal charges which he to have no other head but the King, if the certainly had no dread of encountering. prayer of their petition were granted.

The Right Hon), Gentleman's speech The Chancellor of the Exchequer deprewas so happily constructed and directed, cated any intemperance of party feeling on that, whether his motion succeeded or fail. this occasion, and complimented the maied, it must co ein nent service. There was ner in which the question had been creatone principle of the Right Hon. Gentle- ed by the Right Hon. Mover. Although man, however, which must be received with he was adverse to the proposition, he begsome reserve. Wheu the Legislature limit- ged to be understood as anxious for any ed by law the share of political power to

ineasure that should serve to content and he held by any class of men, and it was conciliate the Irish. This proposition dis proposed to repeal that limitation, the Le- not appear to him likely to produce the efgislature was to judge of the propriety of fect, and therefore he should oppose it. complying with the proposition, and if Mr Whitbread, at considerable length, more disorder would arise from the repeal answered many of the arguments urged than from the continuance of the limitation, gainst the motion; and concluded by sayit was righ: to continue. He again recon- ing, that he was sure the time was vot far mended the soothing and conciliating sys- distant when corcessions would be made to tem proposed by the Right Hon. Gentle- the Catholics-- perhaps onanimously--perman, and trusted that more benefit would haps too late. be obtained by sending back ihe petition, The House called loudly for the ques. without any irritating language, than even tion.--The question for going into a Cortby referring it to the Committee by means mittee was then rejected op a divison, 196 of a violent and contentious majority. On to 281--Majority;--- 153. the grounds he would give his vote con

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tachment of our riflemen to the distance W E are happy to announce the in. of three miles from Brilos. The rifle. telligence of most important and

men were then attacked by a superior decisive victories being gained by the body of the enemy, who attempted to British army uilder Gen. Sir Arthur cut them off from the main body of the Wellesley over the French army com- detachment to which they belonged, manded by Gen. Junot, and which we

which had now advanced to their suptrust will be followed by the surrender port; larger bodies of the enemy appear. of the enemy's whole force in Portu. ed on both the fianks of the detachment, gat. In our last (p. 630.) we men

and it was with difficulty that Majortioned the landing of the British army

Gen. Spencer, who had gone out to at different points on the Portuguese

@bidos when he had heard that the

rifiemen had advanced in pursuit of the We had learnt from the Spanish papers enemy, was enabled to effect their re. that Gen. Wellesley was at Leiria on treat to that village. They have since ihe 12th of August, having been joined

remained in possession of it, and the ene. by Gen. Spencer's division, and a body my have retired entirely from the neighof Portugueze troops : and it will be bourhood.” seen, from what follows, that General In this little affair, occasioned solely Anstruther's division had joined, pre

by the eagerness of the troops in pur. vious to the decisive battle of the 21st, suit, Lient. Bunbury, of the 95th foot, Sir H. Burrard had also himself landed; and a private of the sth battalion both, but not his troops. The dispatches were

were killed, five men of the same batpublished on Saturday morning, Sept. 3. talion wounded, and 17 (with four of 10 a London Gazette Extraordinary. They the 95th) missing. consist of copies and extracts of letters

Head-quarters at Villa Verde, from Generals Burrard and Wellesley,

August 17 to Lord Castlereagh, as follows:

My LORD—The French General La. Extract of a letter from Lieut.-Gen, Sir borde having continued in his position Arthur Wellesley, dated Head quarters

at Roleia since my arrival at Caldas on at Caldas, August 16th :

the 15th inst. I determined to attack "I marched from Leiria on the 13th, him in it this morning, Roleia is situand arrived at Ahobaca on the 14th, ated on an eminence, having a plain in which place the enemy had abandoned its front, at the end of a valley, which in the preceding night; and I arrived commences at Caldas, and is closed to here yesterday. The enemy, about 4000 the southward by mountains, which join in number, were posted about ten miles the hills, forming the valley on.the left, from hence, at Borica; and they occu- looking from Caldas. In the centre of pied Brilos, about three miles from hence, the valley, and about eight miles from with their advanced posts. As the pos- Roleia, is the town and old Moorish fort session of this last village was impor- of Ebidos, from whence the enemy's tant to our future operations, I deter- piquets had been driven on the 15th, mined to occupy it; and as soon as the and from that time he had posts on the British infantry arrived upon the ground, hills on both sides of the valley, as well i directed that it might be occupied by as in the plain in front of his army, a detachment, consisting of four compa. which was posted on the heights in front nies of riflemen of the both and 95th re. of Roleia, its right resting upon the hills, giments. The enemy, consisting of a its left upon an eminence, on which was small piquet of infantry and a few ca. a windmill, and the whole covering four valry, made a trifling resistance, and re. or five passes into the mountains in his tired; but they were followed by a de

rear. Sept. Isos.


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