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EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR SEPTEMBER 1808.
Description of MAULDSLIE Castle. it is not easy to ascertain amidst so
AULDSLIE Casti.E, the seat of many buildings; but which the nathe Earl of Hyndford, is beauti
tives say amount to seven, like those fully situated on the banks of the of ancient Rome. It may rather be
said to stand upon an arm of the sea, Clyde, in a fine lawn, surrounded by rising grounds. It lies in the parish into which the Tagus falls, than upon of Carluke, about four miles froin La the Tagus itself; that river not being nark, in the road to Hamilton and navigable even for boats in all its long
till within twelve or fourteen Glasgow. The country round may vie, for beauty and fertility, with any fore the town being salt, and frequent
leagues of Lisbon, and the water bein Scotland The mansion was built upon a plan by the late Robert Adams, ly so rough, as to endanger the ships which is generally considered as the
at anchor there. The inhabitants of most compicat plan of a modern cas- Lisbon, however, who are jealous of
the honour of their river, affirm this tle of any designed by that celebrated architect. The hill, or law, of Maulds
to be a frivolous distinction, and that lie, is reinarkable for the antiquities
in the time of the rains, an immense found in it, which consist of cairns, in body of fresh water is here brought which are found urns, containing hu
down, so as often to cause more daman bones.
to the shipping than is ever occasioned by the wind and tide from
However that may be, the
situation is admirable, and the town, SKETCH of Lisbon.
full of churches, palaces, domes, and (From Semple's Travels.)
spires, rising from the edge of the wa
ter up the ascents and over the tops THIS city can never cease to be a of so many hills, presents from the
place of consequence whilst trade bay one of the noblest views that can and commerce flourish in Europe.-- be imagined, and superior perhaps to Had it not been for political events that of any city in the world. In and considerations, it would probably whatever situation we view it during have become the capital of Spain, our approach, it is imposing, but when there being no situation possessed of we land the delusion vanishes
. The equal advantages in the whole Penin- streets are badly paved and full of sulii
, as it may be called, of Europe, filth; the houses, with here and there south of the Pyrences. It is built up a latticed window, have a melancholy on several hills, the number of which appearance, and the inhabitants, some
in rags, and the remainder in dark- houses, and inhabited by a race among coloured clothes, render the whole still whom cleanliness in all its branches more gloomy.
appears wholly neglected, and where The part of Lisbon most deserving swine and miserable dogs are stretchof attention is that which suffered so ed out upon heaps of filth before eveseverely in the dreadful earthquake of ry door. Fortunately this does not 1755. It is not merely that all the last long, and we presently come into fat at the foot of the amphitheatre of the open fields on the north-west side the surrounding hills is rebuilt in a re- of the town. The country, at this seagular manner, and excellently paved ; son, looks brown and parched up, and but the ruins of great buildings still re- is wholly destitute of inclosures ; 2 maining on the tops of the heights in number of country seats, however, at the heart of a populous city, have a a little distance, surrounded by trees, singular and striking effect. Other and intermingled with vineyards, must, nations erect monuments at a great immediately after the rainy season, expense, in commemoration of battles, form a beautiful prospect. On the earthquakes, and wide wasting fires. heights to the left is a range of windBut nothing can speak so home to the mills, which being, I suppose, similar heart as these awful remains which to those used in Spain, tend to illusstand in perpetual memento to the in- trate a passage in Don Quixote. Judghabitants of Lisbon, of what has hap- ing from those on the banks of the pened, and may again happen to the Thames, and throughout England, I city.
had always hitherto considered the acThe churches and the theatres will count of the battle with the windnaturally first attract the stranger; mills, as too extravagant'even for that and the ruins cannot fail to awaken extravagant knight : but those of this serious reflections. Should he be dis- country being little, round, sturdy posed to continue them, he may ascend fellows, of about ten or twelve feet in one of the hills, on the top of which, height, might pass for the ghosts of surrounded by a high wall, and plan- giants, even to a sober English peated thickly with trees, is the English sant, on a moonlight night. Passing burying ground. There is always to onwards, we come to a deep and narme something affecting in the sight of row valley, over which is thrown the the
of a fellow countryman in a noblest aqueduct which has been erecforeign land; how much more when ted in Europe since the time of the they are crouded so thickly together. Romans. It is, perkaps, the last also Among the many who came here for that will be erected for the sole end of health and found a grave, lies Henry carrying water for common purposes ; Fielding, an unrivalled delineator of the discovery, that fuids when conhuman life and manners, and whose veyed in pipes will rise to nearly their name will be remembered as long as level, superseding the use of such stutrue humour shall be relished in Eng- pendous structures. It consists of land. I could here fill up several thirty-five arches, the centre one of pages with long inscriptions over the immense height, but they are greatly once illustrious dead ; but indeed, my too narrow in proportion, when viewgood reader, you and I have a long ed from a little distance. The inhajourney before us, and shall therefore bitants of Lisbon boast that they are leave the drudgery to those who make the highest single arches in the world, books. Quitting the burying ground, which may be true; but a double or and keeping the heights, we soon find triple row would have been equally ourselves on the outskirts of the town, useful and far more elegant. A nowhich are composed of very, mean ble pathway, bordered by a wall of
solid blocks of stone, leads across the ing ; yet it must be allowed that their summit, nearly on a level with the frigates are handsomely modelled, and water, which makes a perpetual.run- have every exterior appearance of exning sound on the inside. This sound cellence. is echoed along the arched stone roof Among the peasantry who come in of the aqueduct, and excites a pleasing from the country, especially on Sunsensation in the mind of the passen- days, it is easy to observe a number of ger, who turning to the other hand, particulars in dress and manners which and looking over the parapet, beholds must be referred to a Celtic origin.beneath him, at a great depth, the Instead of hats they frequently wear stony bed of a considerable stream, caps or bonnets ; the ancient plaid, under the center arch, and which, in too warm to be carried in this climate winter, must run with all the fury of as a cloak, is converted into a partya mountain torrent. Over this stream coloured sash, which they wear round a bridge is thrown, and a road leads the middle, and in which they unithrough the valley ; the travellers on formly carry a dirk or long knife; which, when viewed from above, seem and their favourite instrument of mudiminished in size to the circumference sic is the bagpipe, adorned with ribof their hats. Upon the whole, this bons, exactly similar to that used in aqueduct is justly a national boast the highlands of Scotland. To the among the Portuguese ; and in a coun- sound of this very ancient instrument, try where so few great undertakings, two or three of them together dance not connected with religion, are carri a kind of reel, or if the tune be slow ed to perfection, it stands like a giant and soleitin, the piper walks backward amidst pigmies and abortions. It is and forward amidst a silent and attensingular that the same nation have tive crowd. In their lively dances erected in America the only great, they raise their hands above the head perhaps the only, aqueduct which ex and keep time with their castanets. ists in all that continent. It is near The Scottish Highlanders observe exthe town of Rio Janeiro, and is thrown actly the same practice, and I am across a valley wider than that near fully persuaded that their strong snapLisbon. I only saw this last at some ping of the fingers is in imitation of little distance, yet I cannot help think- the sound of the castanet. ing that the two were constructed at no great distance of time from each other, and that whichever was the first, served as a model to the second.
SPANISH ITINERARY. At Belem is a castle, and a battery running out into the water, the can- THE following Itinerary of the non of which, in the present circum principal great roads from M2stances, sufficiently command the en- drid to the chief towns of the trance of the harbour. Their alliance Provinces, will be found very conwith England, however, is the best venient. Many of the distances are bulwark of Lisbon against an attack stated from actual measurement, oby sea ; yet they talk of their navy as thers are taken from the computed being second to that of Great Britain, Leagues of the country, as estimated if not in numbers, at least in courage for the march of Soldiers or hire of and maneuvres. Untried merit, when Travelling Horses, some of which much boasted of, may always be sus have been corrected from the obser. pected ; and of all the nations that I vations of the late M. Mechain, in have yet seen, the Portuguese appear bis Trigonometrical Survey of Spain, to have the smallest reason for boast- in which he was employed, as well as