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ADDRESS OF THE CITY OF EDIYBURGH narch and Royal Family. Thus he has TO THE KING.
at once treated with the foulest perfidy
a nation celebrated from its earliest his. THE following address kaving been
transmitted to the Right Hon. Lord tory for rigid adherence to public and Hawkesbury, his Majesty's Principal
to individual faith, and stigmatized with Secretary of State for the Home De insolence and contumely a people propartment, has been by his Lordship pre
verbially jealous of national and of per. sented to the King; which Address his sonal honour. Majesty was pleased to receive
May we be permitted to hope that an
very graciously :
aggression, unparalleled in history for To the King's Most Excellent Majestya
the treachery in which it commenced,
the undisguised effrontery with which May it please your Majesty, it was avowed, and the cruelty by which We, the Lord Provost, Magistrates, it was enforced, as it has already conand Council of your Majesty's good ci- verted the most passive and useful ally ty of Edinburgh, deeply feeling the mo. of France into the most formidable enementous iinportance of the present crisis my, may teach the other nations of Euin the fate of Europe, crave permission rope how little is to be expected from to approach your royal throne. submission to such a foe ; how much
Representing the ancient metropolis may be hoped from decided, determin. of a kingdom long famous for maintain- ed, and uncompromising resistance. A. ing its liberties against invasion, and bove all, from the measures, alike prusharing the benefit of your Majesty's pa dent, liberal, and active, already adop. ternal Government, it is impossible for ted in your Majesty's Councils, we are us to behold, without the keenest inte. encouraged to hope, that no aid which rest, the gallant struggles of the Spanish the resources of your Majesty's kingdoms nation against foreign tyranny, since our can supply will be withheld from those own experience teaches us the blessings Patriots who are now in arms, not sole. of legitimate freedom, and the history ly in the cause of Spain, but in that of of our ancestors shews us how it ought Britain, of Europe, and of the world. to be defended. When we consider the If it is the pleasure of God that their no. eventful and invigorating spectacle of a ble efforts shall be finally unsuccessful, gallant and injured people, rising to a let it not be recorded as a cause of their man in defence of their laws, their failure that Britain was a cold and inKing, and their religion, against unpro. different assistant in so glorious a strugvoked and treacherous invasion, we can. gle. But if, as we hope, trust, and pray, not but nourish the animating hope that the issue of the contest shall be success. Providence has destined the presump- ful, may it be written in the annals of tion of the oppressor of Europe to be Spain, that, not alone the wisdom of her the instrument of ruining his usurped patriotic councils, and the enthusiasm power. It was, when possessed of all of her brave warriors, but the ready, the the resources of Spain, when wasting in decided, unconditional, and disinterested the extensive plans of his own ambition, suocours of Britain, saved her from the but in which she had not the remotest in- yoke of a worse than Moorish conqueterest, the treasures of her colonies, and ror, and aided her to erect, in the prethe blood of her subjects, it was then served independence and renovated ethat the present ruler of France was nergy of her Government, an unsurpleased, in the wanton insolence and lust mountable barrier against his insatiable of domination, to occupy her capital ambition. with his soldiery, to massacre its loyal That God may grant your Majesty a inhabitants, to deceive, dethrone, and long and happy reign, and may vouchad into captivity her unfortunate Mo- safe to direct your Councils at this im• August 1808.
portant crisis to the weal of Britain, of will be abolished. While I sit here, it shall Spain, and of Europe, is the unseigned never be omitted. We all must eel how dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lord Pro. with power, and, therefore, how useful it vost, Magistrates, and Council of the
must be from time to time, to reniind Ma. city of Edinburgh,
gistrates that they are responsible for their
conduct. Even if I thought this ceremony Śigned, in our name, by our appoint might now be safely discontinued as to you,
ment, and in our presence, and the I would wish it to be preserved for my own seal of the said city is hereto affixed. sake-for I cannot thus remind you of your DONALD SMITH, Provost. Duty and of your Responsibility, without,
at the same time, being reminded of my SPEECH OF Tue Lord JUSTICE CLERK, own; and I am not vain enough to :hink, AT THE GLASGOW CIRCUIT, April 30. that such responsibility is less necessary
After his Lordship had, in the usual man- for me than for you. Perhaps the higher ner, inquired whether there were any per- the office and the greater the power, it is sons present who had cause of complaint the more useful that frequent opportunities against the judicial conduct of the Sheriffs should recur of reminding Magistrates that of this District, he, in a highly eloquent and their power is conferred on them for the impressive manner, spoke nearly as follows: benefit of others, and that, in the exercise GENTLEMEN SHERIFFS,
of it, they are accountable to their superiors. “ From the silence which prevails after
Gentlemen Sheriffs, and you, my Lord the proclamation now made, I conclude,
Provost and Gentlemen of the Magis that no person has any complaint to make against you ; this, indeed, is no more than
tracy of the City; I expected from the character of yourselves, « Before concluding, allow me to say a and of your principals. This ceremony of few words applicable to the state of the cri. calling up the Sheriffs at the conclusion of "mival business in this place, and to the sieach Justice Eyre, and making open pro- tuation of our Country in geperal. clamation for any person to come forward “ Although, from the list of criminals 10 who thinks he has been injured by them in be tried at this Eyre, the business had at the exercise of their office, is of considerable first rather a formidable aspect, I am hapantiquity in our Law, and was originally py that it has ended with so little trouble of great utility. At the time when the ce to us all, especially to the Gentlemen of the remony was enjoined, almost all our She, Jury; but, even in the worst view of it, ! şiffdoms were hereditary in the families of must
, in justice, say, that the pumber of great and powerful Barons, who often were criminals in custody for trial was comparathe rivals of the King himself, and from tively small, in reference to the immense whom, therefore, if they were guilty of op- population of this district of the country. pression, the people subject to their juris- But if reference be made to the list of cridiction were little likely to obtain redress. minals in other countries, even in our sister It was, therefore, wisely provided by our kingdom of England, we shall see just cause ancestors, that, at the conclusion of each to be proud and thankful that our lot has Juscice Eyre, before dismissing the Jury, been cast in a land, whose inhabitants are the Sheriffs should be obliged to stand up so distinguished for the Virtuous Simpliciand answer to any complaint made against ty of their manners. them before the Grand Justiciar, invested “ A few days before I left home, there with the whole Majesty of the Law, and W i8 transmitted to me, officially, by the Searmed with the power of the whole array cretary of State, a printed list of all the of the district.
commitments and prosecutions for criminal " Thank God, we live in times, when offences in England and Wales for the three the original cause which led to this cere last years; and horrible to tell, the least mony no longer exists. "The office of She- number of commitments in any of these riff is now intrusted to professional Gentle years was considerably above four thoumen, qualified by their education to admi- sand, and above three thousand five hunnister justice with ability, and without dred were actually brought to trial. It is power, without temptation to transgress not stated in the document, whether Lonthe laws; and, besides, from their judg- don and Westminster are included in that ments, there lies a regular appeal to the number; if they are not included, then the Supreme Courts of Session and Justiciary.
number is about fifteen hundred more. * But, although the original reason for “ This is a fact, Gentlemen, which I per. this ceremony has ceased, I am far from ceive fills you with astonishment, and I conthinking that it has become useless. On fess that I could not have believed it myself, the contrary, I hope and trust that it never if I had not read it in an official document,
"I had cot ciine, and indeed it would enlarging the understanding, becessarily have been a work of great labour, to make raises a man in his own estimation, and sets an accurate inquiry, and comparison ; but, him above the mean and dirty crimes, co to hazard a guess, I should be disposed to which the temptations and hardships of life say, that, setting aside our two Rebellions, might otherwise expose him. the above rumber of criminal trials in Eng * But this is not all; the children of our land, in one year, is nearly equal to the poor no sooner leave the Parochial School, whole number which has occurred in Scot- than their improvement and confirmation lind since the Union.
in every virtuous and religious principle is "Supposing this calculation to be accu. taken up by the Clergyman of the parish. rate, or in any remote degree accurate, it Here, to be sure, we cannot boast of the Calis upon us for very serious reflectionis, same superiority over England as in the and to consider, if we can discover the causes article of Parochial Schools, for England of this proud inferiority allowance must, has also the same Holy Religion, and a no doubt, be made for a difference which most learned, pious, and respectable body has always existed in the population of the of Clergy-But even here, I think, we have two countries for it would be unreason. reason to pride ourselves in the compariable to suppose that the number of crimes God forbid that I should say, that must not, in a great degree, be in propor our Clergy, in piety, in learning and in gee tion to the number of people in any two neral respectability, are superior to the countries.
Clergy of England! I neither say so, nor "It may be said also, that Commerce and do I think so—but this, at least, I may say, Manufactures hardly existed in this coun- that in every quality which can adorn the try during the earlier period of the last cen- character of a Clergyman, and qualify hint tury-true, but now at least, in those re to be useful to his flock, the Clergy of spects, we are treading fast on the heels of Scotland never have been surpassed by any England, and yet, thank God, the sanie order of Prieschood since the world began. consequences do not follow. In this very “ But where I think our superiority ocity and district where I now sic, Com. ver England in this respect consists, is this merce and Manufactures of all kinds have that holding our 'forni of Church Governo been long introduced, to an extent equal to ment-our mode of worship-the respectaany place or district of the kingdom, the bility of our Clergy to be respectively capital alone excepted—and yet it was sta- equal, we have the advantage in this, tnae ted by a political writer but a few years every Clergyman here must, by the indis. ago, that one Quarter Sessions at Manches- pensable provisions of the law, reside with ter sends more criminals to transportation in his own parish, and discharge the duties than all Scotland in a year.
of his sacred function in person. This must " We must, therefore, look to other cau- necessarily creare a parental affection in a ses for the good order and morality of our Minister towards his Rock, a respectful ate people, and I chink we have not far to look. tachment in the people towards their MiIn my opinion, that cause is to be found nister, which, in the nature of things, can. chiefly in our Institutions for the education not exist, where non-residence to any con. of Youth, and for the maintenance of Re- siderable degree is indulged to the princi. ligion.
pal Minister, and where frequent removals "The institution of Parochial Schools, happen among the Curaces, and of course, in the manner and to the extent in which but a precarious connexion can subsist bethey are established in Scotland, is, I be- tween them and their people. Between lieve, peculiar to ourselves; and it is an in- two orders of Clergy, thas differently con. stitution, to which, however simple in its stituced, however equal in other respects, nature, and unobstructive in its operation, it is not difficult to see which of their làI am persuaded we are chiefly to ascribe bours are most likely to be successful. the regularity of conduct by which we are “ Let us then, Gentlemen, be thankful distinguished--the child of the meanest pea- for the blessings we enjoy. While we vesant, of the lowest mechanic in this coun- nerate the general Constitution of England, try, may (and most of them do) receive a by our Union with which our Liberties virtuous education from their earliest youth. have been secured on a surer basis than by At our Parochial Scbools, they are not on the old Constitution of Scotland, let us nos by early initiated in the priociples of our undervalue our own local Laws and InstiHoly Religion, and in the soundest doc- tutions, by which essential advantages are trines of Morality, but most of them re- given to us, and which we ought not rashceive different degrees of education in o- ly to endanger by attempting violent ionother respects, which qualify them 10 earn vations, the full beariog‘of which it is ima their bread in various ways, and which, ip- possible to foresee. dependent even of religious instruction, by * b-t n feel our way in our improvea
ments, and be quite certain that we have while the British Coostitution exists, it not, by improvement, endangered the adó must for ever remind his subjects of the vantages we already have, before we grasp Liberty at which they once aspired, but
which they lost in the pursuit of vain and * Above all, Gentlemen, let it be our unattainable perfection, till they now find first resolution to defend our Constitution themselves the slaves of a low born Usuras it stands, and to take care, at least, that per-sacrificed to promote his personal amit shall not be endangered by external ag- bition-consoling themselves by external gression.
military renown, but inwardly groaning un“ And here, Gentlemen, I am proud to der the horrors of a despotism ten times think, that I am uttering these sentiments worse than that from which they endeato men whose teelings are congenial with voured to escape, my own--that I am addressing the Magis- “ Such has been the end of Reform, and trates and people of a city, who have set Revolution in France! Let it be a saluan example of genuine Patriotism, which tary warning to us. Whether there are can never be forgotten while the Indepen- any among us, who still shink, with all the dence of Britain is preserved. Let us ne- arrogance of Philosophic kresamprion, that ver hear again of the selfish spirit of Trade. it is possible to make great improvements Let us never again be told that Merchants on our Constitution, I know not-sabut let look only to their Immediate Interest.- this be our answer, That whether our ConYou were the first to prove, that, applied sticution be perfect in Theory, ur not, practo this Empire, those contracted maximistically it conters on us a degree of Liberty are as false, as they are illiberal and rude. and Happiness beyond what any other naYou were the first to prove, that Com- tion has enjoyed since the world began; merce, fostered by Liberty, inspires the pu. and, I think, it deserves to be well consirest principles of Patriotism, and that the dered, whether human nature, unless regeMerchants of Britain are indeed the Ho nerated, be capable of enjoying more. nourable of the Earth. The first to feel, “Let us then all inaintain our Constias being the most exposed to, all the diffi- tution as it stands, satisfied with the Liculties of the present moment, you were berty we have, and dreading, from the exthe first to declare your determination ne- ample of France, that an attempt at Perver to compromise the Interests and Inde- fect Freedom, may land us in the extreme pendence of your Country. Laying aside of Slavery and Débasement. Above all, let all private difference of opinion--rising a. us maintain our Constitution from Foreign bove the miserable bickerings of party- Invasion. If subjection to a foreign foe putting to shame the turbulent virulence of be, and it is, the most dreadful calamity contending factions, you were the first to which can befal a people, even when its raise the voice of an United People, expres- own government is bad, think what would sing to your King your unalterable reso. be the misery of conquest to us—language lution to suffer all privations, to undergo never uttered_imagination never conceiall hardships, to brave all dangers, in dem ved humanity never endured the horrors fence of his Crown, and of the Indepen. which await us if subdued by the arms of dence of your Country.
France! To be utterly extirpated would “ Ic is not to be disguised, that our very be mercy, compared with the outrages we Existence as a Nation is at stake. Oar ene- must suffer! Let then the resolution of us my has sworn to accomplish the ruin of all be fixed as yours—to bring this contest Great Britain. It is the object nearest to to a happy termination, or perish in the his heart, and, luckily for us, he has want attempt. Hardships and privations we may ed art and temper to disguise it. The ques- expeci; but, when we compare them with tion of peace or war is not, as he once pre- those we shall avoid, when we consider tended, a question with one party in this them as the price, and the cheap price, of country. It is not, that he favours one Liberty such as ours, for ourselves and our party in the country, which I am confident children, I trust that we shall bear them They would scorn. It is not that he hates with chearfulness, and receive aur reward another, which I am sure they despise ; in the gratitude of Posterics-14 Brison is No! It is Great Britain which' he hates. the noblest of created beings, and this coniNot so much, that he envies our prosperi- test, if we continue true to ourselves, will ty, that he is afraid four power it is our make us the noblest of Britons Constitution which he dreads_it is our Li- This elegant and energetic Address was berty which he haces—and no wonder-for hcard with the profoundest attention by all he feels, that the Liberty of this people is present; and at the earnest request of the a living satire on his own subjects for sub- Lord Provost and Magistrales, his Lordmitting to his Usurpation-he fcele chat, ship consented that it should be printed.
The Right Hon. Lord Louth, to the Foiteball, August 16. The King has been Hon. Margaret Plunket, eldest daughter of pleased to appoint George Fergusson of Lord Dunsany. Hermand, Esq. to be one of the Lords At London, Dan. Robertson, Esq. to AmeCommissioners of Justiciary in Scotland, in lia. Helen, daughter of the Rev. Dr Clarke. the room of Sir William Nairue of Dunsin. H. Shank, Esq. of the East India Compao, Bart resigned.
pany's civil service, to Anna-Maria, daughSir John Sinclair is re-elected President of ter of the late J. R. Carnac, Esq. Member the Board of Agriculture, George Smith, of Council at Bombay. Esq. Treasurer, and Arthur Young, Esq. Major Barclay, of the 59th regt. to Misa Secretary.
Lawton of Woburn Place. Mr Hugh Veitch, writer in Leith, is ap- Lately, at Luffness, Adám Bogue, Esq. pointed conjunct town-clerk of Leith with jun. of Woodhall, to Miss Marian Yule, Mr Patison.
daughter of James Yule, Esq. of Gibslees.
Lately, Mr William Littlejohn, merMARRIAGES.
chant, Aberdeen, to Ann Littlejohn of Lan. April 27. At Edinburgh, John Pigot, Esq. eldest son of John Pigot, Esg. of Kil- August 1. At Paisley, Mr Robert Cochworth, to Susan, daughter of the late Alex. rane, jun, manufacturer, to Jean, daughter Smollet, Esq. of Bouhill.–See Deaths. of Mr Robe. Jamieson, manufaccurer there.
July 8. At London, John Sanderson, 1. Mr William Lindsay, writer in GlasEsq. of Glasgow, to Janet, youngest daugh- gow, to Eliza, daughter of the late Rev. ter of Mr William Wilson, Dumfries. Robert Leslie, minister of Fordoun.
15. At Edinburgh, George Greenlaw, 2. At Edinburgh, Capt. William Land. Esq. writer to the signet, pro Katharine, less, of the royal navy, to Miss Charles, daughter of George M'Gill of Kemback York Place. Esq.
2. At ditto, Mr alexander Milne, Roy. 15. At Rosedoe, Dumbartonshire, John al Bank, to Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Campbeil of Stonefield Esq. to Wilhelmina, John Marnoch, Edinburgh. daughter of the late Sir James Colquhoun 5. At Bo-ness, Mr Duncan Stuart, surof Luss, Bart.
geon, to Eleonora, second daughter of Mr 22, Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Graves, Juhn Short, surgeon there. K. B. to Miss Blacknell, of Parham, Suf- 8.Ac Harrington House, London, by sper folk.
cial licence, by the Archbishop of Dublin, 25. At Linlithgow, Mr James Wilson, the Marquis of Tavistock, eldest son of the writer in Edinburgh, to Mary Ann, daugh- Duke of Bedford, co Lady Anna-Maria ter of the late Mr Thomas Watkins, Lin. Stanhope, daughter to the Earl of Harring, lithgow.
ton. His Royal Highness the Prince of 26. At Liverpool, William M'Call, Esq. Wales (who came to town for the express merchand there, to Agnes, youngest daugh- purpose,) gave the fair bride away. The ter of the late Rev. Robert Liscon of Aber- bride-maids were, Ladies Charlotte and dour, Fifeshire.
Caroline Stanhope, the bride's sisters. 25. Mr Mortimer Drummond, of Cha- 8. Ac Ayton, Berwickshire, Lieut. Col. ring Cross, to Lady Emily Percy, youngest Balfour, younger of Balbirnie, to Eglantine, daughter of the Earl of Beverley.
daughter of John Fordyce of Ayton, Esq. 25. At East Resenn, Mr Thomas Logan, ii. Ac Fornighty, Capt. D. Macpherson, tenant of Hutcod-Hull Barns, to Elizabeth, 78th regiment, co Miss d. B. Campbell, daughter of Abraham Logan, Esq. of Burn- eldest daughter of Capt. Campbell of the houses.
Inverness shire Militia, 23. At Birmingham, Mr Samuel-Allan 12. Viscount Lismore, to Lady Eleanor Wheeler, merchant, to Mary, only daugh. Butler, sister to the Earl of Ormond. ter of Henry Thomas, Esq.
16. At Dundee, Mr William Gallaway 29. At Edinburgh, Mr George Watson, merchant in Edinburgh, to Anna-Maria, jeweller, to Miss Helen Cleland, daughcer only daughter of the late William Davenof the deceased Mr John Cleland, watch- port, Esq. Londonderry. maker.
16. Ac Douglas, Isle of Man, William 20. Joseph Gordon, Esq. writer to the Scott, Esg Receiver General of the isle of signer, to Miss Anne Clunes, youngest Man, to the Hon. Miss Murray, eldest daughter of Gordou Clunes, Esq. of Crak- daughter of the late Lord Henry Murray.
and niece to his Grace the Duke of Athol. The Right Hon. Lord Lecale, to Mrs 18. At Edinburgh, Mr Thomas Johnston falia Carton, widow of the late Thomas of Underwood, to Sarah Harriet, eldest Carton, of Maidstown, County of Dublin, daughter of Mr Willianz Allan, merchape Eeg.