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"I had cot ciine, and indeed it would enlarging the understanding, becessarily have been a work of great labour, to make raises a man in his own estimation, and sets an accurate inquiry, and comparison ; but, him above the mean and dirty crimes, co to hazard a guess, I should be disposed to which the temptations and hardships of life say, that, setting aside our two Rebellions, might otherwise expose him. the above rumber of criminal trials in Eng- * But this is not all; the children of our land, in one year, is nearly equal to the poor no sooner leave the Parochial School, whole number which has occurred in Scot- than their improvement and confirmation lind since the Union.
in every virtuous and religious principle is "Supposing this calculation to be accu. taken up by the Clergyman of the parish. rate, or in any remote degree accurate, it Here, to be sure, we cannot boast of the Calis upon us for very serious reflectionis, same superiority over England as in the and to consider, if we can discover the causes article of Parochial Schools, for England of this proud inferiority allowance must, has also the same Holy Religion, and a no doubt, be made for a difference which most learned, pious, and respectable body has always existed in the population of the of Clergy-But even here, I think, we have two countries for it would be unreason. reason to pride ourselves in the compariable to suppose that the number of crimes God forbid that I should say, that must not, in a great degree, be in propor- our Clergy, in piety, in learning and in gee tion to the number of people in any two neral respectability, are superior to the countries.
Clergy of England! I neither say so, nor "It may be said also, that Commerce and do I think so—but this, at least, I may say, Manufactures hardly existed in this coun- that in every quality which can adorn the try during the earlier period of the last cen- character of a Clergyman, and qualify hint tury-true, but now at least, in those re- to be useful to his flock, the Clergy of spects, we are treading fast on the heels of Scotland never have been surpassed by any England, and yet, thank God, the sanie order of Prieschood since the world began. consequences do not follow. In this very “ But where I think our superiority ocity and district where I now sic, Com. ver England in this respect consists, is this merce and Manufactures of all kinds have that holding our 'forni of Church Governo been long introduced, to an extent equal to ment-our mode of worship-the respectaany place or district of the kingdom, the bility of our Clergy to be respectively capital alone excepted—and yet it was sta- equal, we have the advantage in this, tnae ted by a political writer but a few years every Clergyman here must, by the indis. ago, that one Quarter Sessions at Manches- pensable provisions of the law, reside with ter sends more criminals to transportation in his own parish, and discharge the duties than all Scotland in a year.
of his sacred function in person. This must " We must, therefore, look to other cau- necessarily creare a parental affection in a ses for the good order and morality of our Minister towards his Rock, a respectful ate people, and I chink we have not far to look. tachment in the people towards their MiIn my opinion, that cause is to be found nister, which, in the nature of things, can. chiefly in our Institutions for the education not exist, where non-residence to any con. of Youth, and for the maintenance of Re- siderable degree is indulged to the princi. ligion.
pal Minister, and where frequent removals "The institution of Parochial Schools, happen among the Curaces, and of course, in the manner and to the extent in which but a precarious connexion can subsist bethey are established in Scotland, is, I be- tween them and their people. Between lieve, peculiar to ourselves; and it is an in- two orders of Clergy, thas differently con. stitution, to which, however simple in its stituced, however equal in other respects, nature, and unobstructive in its operation, it is not difficult to see which of their làI am persuaded we are chiefly to ascribe bours are most likely to be successful. the regularity of conduct by which we are “ Let us then, Gentlemen, be thankful distinguished--the child of the meanest pea- for the blessings we enjoy. While we vesant, of the lowest mechanic in this coun- nerate the general Constitution of England, try, may (and most of them do) receive a by our Union with which our Liberties virtuous education from their earliest youth. have been secured on a surer basis than by At our Parochial Scbools, they are not on- the old Constitution of Scotland, let us nos by early initiated in the priociples of our undervalue our own local Laws and InstiHoly Religion, and in the soundest doc- tutions, by which essential advantages are trines of Morality, but most of them re- given to us, and which we ought not rashceive different degrees of education in o- ly to endanger by attempting violent ionother respects, which qualify them 10 earn vations, the full beariog‘of which it is ima their bread in various ways, and which, ip- possible to foresee. dependent even of religious instruction, by * b-t n feel our way in our improvea
ments, and be quite certain that we have while the British Coostitution exists, it not, by improvement, endangered the adó must for ever remind his subjects of the vantages we already have, before we grasp Liberty at which they once aspired, but
which they lost in the pursuit of vain and * Above all, Gentlemen, let it be our unattainable perfection, till they now find first resolution to defend our Constitution themselves the slaves of a low born Usuras it stands, and to take care, at least, that per-sacrificed to promote his personal amit shall not be endangered by external ag- bition-consoling themselves by external gression.
military renown, but inwardly groaning un" And here, Gentlemen, I am proud to der the horrors of a despotism ten times think, that I am uttering these sentiments worse than that from which they endeato men whose feelings are congenial with voured to escape, my own--that I am addressing the Magis- “ Such' has been the end of Reform, and trates and people of a city, who have set Revolution in France! Let it be a saluan example of genuine Patriotism, which tary warning to us. Whether there are can never be forgotten while the Indepen- any among as, who still shink, with all the dence of Britain is preserved. Let us ne- arrogance of Philosophic Kresumption, that ver hear again of the selfish spirit of Trade. it is possible to make great improvements Let us never again be told that Merchants on our Constitution, I know not but let look only to their Immediate Interest. this be our answer, That whether our ConYou were the first to prove, that, applied sticution be perfect in Theory, or not, practo this Empire, those contracted maximstically it conters on us a degree of Liberty are as false, as they are illiberal and rude and Happiness beyond what any other naYou were the first to prove, that Com- tion has enjoyed since the world began; merce, fostered by Liberty, inspires the pu. and, I think, it deserves to be well consirest principles of Patriotism, and that the dertů, whether human nature, unless regeMerchants of Britain are indeed the Ho: nerated, be capable of enjoying more. nourable of the Earth. The first to feel, “ Let us then all maintain our Consti: as being the most exposed to, all the diffi- tution as it stands, satisfied with the Liculties of the present moment, you were berty we have, and dreading, from the exthe first to declare your determination ne ample of France, that an attempt at Perver to compromise the Interests and Inde- feci Freedom, may land us in the extreme pendence of your Country. Laying aside of Slavery and Debasement. Above all, let all private difference of opinion-rising a. us maintain our Constitution from Foreign bove the miserable bickerings of party Invasion. If subjection to a foreign foe putting to shame the turbulent virulence of be, and it is, the most dreadful calamity contending factions, you were the first to which can befal a people, even when it's raise the voice of an United People, expres- own government is bad, think what would sing to your King your unalterable reso- be the misery of conquest to us-language lution to suffer all privations, to undergo never uttered-imagination never conceiall hardships, to brave all dangers, in dem ved humanity never endured the horrors fence of his Crown, and of the Indepen. which await us if subdued by the arms of dence of your Country.
France! To be utterly extirpated would " It is not to be disguised, that our very be mercy, compared with the outrages we Existence as a Nation is at stake. Our ene- must suffer! Let then the resolution of us my has sworn to accomplish the ruin of all be fixed as yours--to bring this contest Great Britain. It is the object nearest to to a happy termination, or perish in the his heart, and, luckily for us, he has want attempt. Hardships and privations we may ed art and temper to disguise it. The ques- expect; but, when we compare them with tion of peace or war is not, as he once pre- those we shall avoid, when we consider tended, a question with one party in shis them as the price, and the cheap price, of country. it is not, that he favours one Liberty such as ours, for ourselves and our party in the country, which I am confident children, I trust that we shall bear them They would scorn. It is not that he hates with chearfulness, and receive our reward another, which I am sure they despise ; in the gratitude of Posterick. TH Brison is No! It is Great Britain which he hates. the noblest of created beings, and this conNot so much, that he envies our prosperi- test, if we continue true to ourselves, will ty, that he is afraid of our prwer- it is onr make us the noblest of Britons." Constitution which he dreads it is our Lia This elegant and energetic Address was berty which he hates--and no wonder-for hcard with the profoundest attention by all he feels, that the Liberty of this people is present; and at the earnest request of the a living satire on his own subjects for sub- Lord Provost and Magistrales, his Lordmitting to his Usurpation-he feels that, ship consented that it should be printed.
The Right Hon. Lord Louth, to the Whiteball, August 16. The King has been Hon. Margaret Plunket, eldest daughter of pleased to appoint George Fergusson of Lord Dunsany. Hermand, Esq. to be one of the Lords At London, Dan. Robertson, Esq. to AmeCommissioners of Justiciary in Scotland, in lia Helen, daughter of the Rev. Dr Clarke. the room of Sir William Nairue of Dunsin. H. Shank, Esq. of the East India Compan, Bart. resigned.
pany's civil service, to Anna-Maria, daughSir John Sinclair is re-elected President of ter of the late J. R. Carnac, Esq. Member the Board of Agriculture, George Smith, of Council at Bombay. Esq. Treasurer, and Arthur Young, Esq. Major Barclay, of the 59th regl. to Miss Secretary.
Lawton of Woburn Place. Mr Hugh Veitch, writer in Leith, is ap- Lately, at Luffness, Adám Bogue, Esq. pointed conjunct town-clerk of Leith with jun. of Woodhall, to Miss Marian Yule, Mr Patison.
daughter of James Yule, Esq. of Gibslees.
Lately, Mr William Littlejohn, mere MARRIAGES.
chant, Aberdeen, to Ann Littlejohn of Lan. April 27. At Edinburgh, John Pigot, caster. Esq. eldest son of John Pigot, Esq. of Kil. August 1. At Paisley, Mr Robert Cochworth, to Susan, danghter of the late Alex. rane, jun, manufacturer, to Jean, daughter Smollet, Esq. of Bouhill.–See Deaths. of Mr Robt. Jamieson, manufacturer there.
July 8. At London, John Sanderson, 1. Mr William Lindsay, writer in GlasEsq. of Glasgow, to Janet, youngest daugh- gow, to Eliza, daughter of the late Rev. ter of Mr William Wilson, Dumfries. Robert Leslie, minister of Ferdoun.
15. Ac Edinburgh, George Greenlaw, 2. At Edinburgh, Capt. William Land. Esq. writer to the signet, pto Katharine, less, of the royal navy, to Miss Charles, daughter of George M'Gill of Kemback York Place. Esq.
2. At ditto, Mr alexander Milne, Roy-, 15. At Rosedoe, Dumbartonshire, John al Bank, to Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Campbeil of Stonefield Esq. to Wilhelmina, John Marnoch, Edinburgh. daughter of the late Sir James Colquhoun 5. At Bo-ness, Mr Duncan Stuart, surof Luss, Bart.
geon, to Eleonora, second daughter of Mr 22, Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Graves, John Short, surgeon there. K. B. to Miss Blacknell, of Parham, Suf. 8.At Harrington House, London, by spefolk.
cial licence, by the Archbishop of Dublin, 25. At Linlithgow, Mr James Wilson, the Marquis of Tavistock, eldest son of the writer in Edinburgh, to Mary Ann, daugh- Duke of Bedford, to Lady Anna-Maria ter of the late Mr Thomas Watkins, Lin. Stanhope, daughter to the Earl of Harring
ton. His Royal Highness the Prince of 26. At Liverpool, William M.Call, Esq. Wales (who came to town for the express merchand there, to Agnes, youngest daugh- purpose,) gave the fair bride away. The ter of the late Rev. Robert Liston of Aber- bride-maids were, Ladies Charlotte and dour, Fifeshire.
Caroline Stanhope, the bride's sisters. 25. Mr Mortimer Drummond, of Cha- 8. Ac Ayton, Berwickshire, Lieut. Col. ring Cross, to Lady Emily Percy, youngest Balfuur, younger of Balbirnie, to Eglantine, daughter of the Earl of Beverley.
daughter of John Fordyce of Ayton, Esq. 26. At East Resenn, Mi Thomas Logan, 11. Ac Fornighty, Capt. D. Macpherson, tenant of Hutcod-Hall Barns, to Elizabeth, 78ch regiment, to Miss a. B. Campbell, daughter of Abraham Logan, Esq. of Burn- eldest daughter of Capt. Campbell of the houses.
Inverness shire Militia, 28. Ac Birmingham, Mr Samuel-Allan 12. Viscount Lismore, to Lady Eleanor Wheeler, merchant, to Mary, only daugh. Butler, sister to the Earl of Ormond. ter of Henry Thomas, Esq.
16. Ac Dundee, Mr William Gallaway 29. At Edinburgh, Mr George Watson, merchant in Edinburgh, to Anna-Maria, jeweller, to Miss Helen Cleland, daughter only daughter of the late William Daven of the deceased Mr John Cleland, watch- port, Esq. Londonderry. maker.
16. Ai Douglas, Isle of Man, William 90. Joseph Gordon, Esq. writer to the Scott, Esq Receiver General of the isle of signet, to Miss Anne Clunes, youngest Man, to the Hon. Miss Murray, eldest daughter of Gordon Clunes, Esq. of Crak- daughter of the late Lord Henry Murray, aig.
and niece to his Grace the Duke of Athol. 'The Right Hon. Lord Lecale, to Mrs 18. At Edinburgh, Mr Thomas Johnston Julia Carton, widow of the lace Thomas of Underwood, to Sarah Harriet, eldest Carton, of Maidstown, County of Dublin, daughter of Mr William. Allan, merchant Esq.
24. At Clifton, near Bristol, Lady Dun. Dec. 21. 1807. At Calcutta. Thos, Char- bar, widow of the late Sir George Dunbar, ters, Esq. youngest son of the late Samuel
of Moch.um, bart. Charters, Esq. Solicitor of the Customs. 25. A. Saltash, Cornwall, Lieut. William
Jan. 9. 1808. Ac Elsineur, Mir Alex. Traill of the marines. Howden, many years resident agent there. At Burbadocs, Lieut. Col. Bowyer,
Feb. 11. At Bombay, Major-General Bel Deputy Adjutant General, and nephew of lasis, commanding officer of the forces, by Generji Bow yer. a very unexpected attack of illness, as he -- At ditto, Major M.Donzell of the was in the discharge of his duty at the ni. Royals. litary board, thereby terminating a long ca jud 6. it Falkirk, Dr John Corbet, phyreer of zealous and faithful services. sician, in che 49ch year of his age: Possessed
April 13. At Colding, in Jutland, ged 59, of in active mind, and impressed with a his Majesty Christian VII. King of Den- strong sense of the dignity and utility of mark and Norway. His Majesty was born his profession, he prosecuted, with unweain January 1749, and succeeded to the red assiduity, medical science in all its parts. throne in January 1766. In the same year Botany, of which he had acquired an exten. he came over to England, and (when only sive knowledge, afford-d him at all times a 17 years of age) was espoused to the Prin. most agreeable relaxation from severer stu. cess Caroline Matilda, youngest sister of dies. He bore a conspicuous part in prohis Britannic Majesty. The entertainments moting the vaccine in uoculation, the pracgiven at the Court of St James's upon this tice of which he greatly contributed by unoccasion, were the most splendid which common exertion to establish in his neighLondon had witnessed for many years. Her bourhood, soon after that happy discovery Majesty was delivered at Copenhagen of was communicated to the public. He has her first son, Frederick, Prince Royal, or left a widow and seven children to lament Crown Prirce, in January 1768; and of a in his too early death the loss of a most af. Princess in July 1771, who married in 1786, fectionate husband and father; his loss is (when only 15 years of age) Frederick also deeply fele by a numerous circle of res. Christian, hereditary Prince of Holstein pectable friends and employers, who could Sunderbourg. In 1771, a very serious ac- at all times depend upon his exercions in cusation was brought against her Majesty, their service, and placed the utmost confi. who was seized and carried to the castle of dence in his integrity and professional skill. Elsineur. Counts Struensee and Brandt, her In short, he was humane and upright in his Majesty's physicians, who were implicated whole deportment, and the death of few in her guilt, were tried, convicted, and exe- persons has ever produced more general cuted. But by the interference and firm regret. conduct of Sir Robert Murray Keith, the 8. At Edinburgh, Mr Joha Leyden, laBritish ambassador at Copenhagen, the pidary. He has left 501. to the parish of Queen was delivered up to his care ;--and Cavers, in which he was born. by orders of the British Court, she was car- 8. At Ayton, Mr Robert Liddel, wine ried to the Castle of Zellin Hanover, where and spirit merchant. she died in 1775. The King had for many 14. 'At Springfield, Jas. Mowbray, Esq. years been in a very imbecile state of mind, 17. At the house of his brother, the Hon. and the Crown Prince had exercised all the Wm Maule, in Spring Garden, London, functions of royalty.
the Hon. Henry Ramsay. This amiable May 20. Near the entrance of the Gulph young gentleman was in the naval service of Darien, of the yellow fever, Patrick of the India Company: and when last in Proctor, midshipman on board the Argo, China was drawn into a durl with a broyoungest son of Patrick Proctor, Esq. at ther officer, in which he received a wound Glammis.
in the head, that on his return to England 27. At Barbidoes, Robert Dalrymple, required the operation of the trepap. It Esq. son of the lare David Dalrymple, Esq. was performed by Mr Home, with every of Westhall, one of the Senators of the Col. prospece of success
, but inflammation ensued; lege of Justice.
and baffled all medical skill. He only sur30. Ac St Lucia, of an abscess in the vived four days. breast, after six weeks illness, James M'. 17. A. Libberton Tower, Mrs Elizabeth Dowall, Esq. second son of the late William Still, wife of Mr Patrick Cunningham, far. M•Dowall, Esq. of Castlesemple, and Auditor of Excise in Scotland.
18. Near Londonderry, Sir Andrew FerJune 4. At Tobago, Donald, son of Hugh guson, Bart. As he and his sop Harvey, Morison, late in Kilbeg. Mull.
were returning home the preceding night 15. At Halifax, Cape. Robert Simpson, of about 12 o'clock, in a gig, they came to, a his Majesty's ship Cieopatra.
bridge, which the servant knowing to be
very much broken, cillud to his master o Sibilla Ross, eldest daughter of the Rev. Kop a moment till he would lead the horse . Mr John Ross, minister of that parish. at ng it. Before the serrant, however, 31. At Greenock, at an advanced age, bad got hold of the reins, sir Andrew Mir Alrs. M.Kinlay, late of the Customs. whipped the horse, and in a moment the 81. AL Glasgow, Mrs Aynes Marshall, wruje were prepared over the bridge wife of Campbell Douglas, Esq. Sir Andrew was killed on the spot, but his 31. At the mūse of Fenwick, Mr John soa did not receive the smallest injury Boyd, son of the Rev. William Boyd, mj.
by 18. AL " est quarter, Elizabeth Mil- lister of that parish. ler, sister of the late Jas. Miller of Malthill, 31. At Carronhall, Miss Anne Whitley Esq.
"Dindas, daughter of the late Major Gen. is di London, Mrs't. Levy, of Mount Toons Dundas, of Fingask. Street, White hapel Her death was 'occa- At Passage, in Spain, Lieut. John Tul si cel by inc. ut vusly eating ice creanwhen loch, Royal Navy. overheated, which brought on an inflam. At London, at an advanced age, Mr matior., and suddenly terminated her life, Barthelemon, the celebrated performer on when she had scarcely attained her 21st year. the violin
18. At Dumfries, Nichoi Shaw, Esq. of At ditto, Janet, daughter to the late Rev. Shur field, Land Surveyor of the Customs Dr Wishuri, Principal of the University of atth. port.
Edinburgh, and widow of Mr Maxwell, 20. Át Aberdeen, Mrs Mary Chivers, m-rchant in Dundee. wife of Lieut. William Chivers, R N. Lately, Mr John Watson of Unthank,
21. de Baihaty, Forfarshire, Mrs Cecilia "near Berwick, aged 71: Kinloch, widow of the deceased James Aug. 1. In her 107th year, Dorothy Turnbmyth, Esq. of Balhary, writer to the signet. bull, of the Wall Knoll in Newcastle. She
22. At "Tuam, Ireland, Quarter-master was born on the 4th of July 1702, in the John M.Lean, of the 92d regiment. reign of Q. Anne, and until within three
24 At Newburgh, Fife, Mr Andrew days of her death, possessed her faculties in Pirie, nephew of the Rev. Mr Pirie. an amazing degree. Her memory being
25. Ac Elgin, aged 82. Mrs Cruikshankslittle impaired, she could relate, with asto25. At Balmakewan, Thomas Gillies, Esq. nishing exactness, a variety of events which of Balmakewan.
happened during the rebellion in 1715, and 26. At Glasgow, Mrs Mary Bogle, re- almost every subsequent occurrence of any lice of the Rev. Dr John Hamilton, minis- importance ter of the High Church, Glasgow.
1. At Edinburgh, Mrs Isabella Kyoneir, 27. Ac Dublin, after a long and painful relict of Mr Thomas Rattray, writer in illness, the Right Hon. John Thomas, Earl Edinburgh. of Clinricarde, General in the army, Col. 1. At ditco, Mr Alex. Redpach, upholsterer. of the G6th regiment, Governor of Hull, 1. At Gullan Lodge, Master Francis and Custos Roculorum of the county of Dundas, eldest son of Lieut. Gen. Francis Galway; a Very skilful and gallane officer. Dundas.
27. At Edinburgh, Mr David Ross, late 2. At Snughall, Miss Sophia Drysdale, a purser of the Woodford Fast Indiaman, on- young woman whose singular excellence of ly son of the late David Ross, Esq. secre. character made her deservedly beloved and try to the General Post Office, Edinburgh. esteemed by all who knew her.
27. At Aberdeen, Miss Eliza Turner, 3. At Buckiyvie, in the 76th year of his daughter of the lace Robert Turner, Esq. age, and 40th of his ministry, the Rev. Sheriff-substitute of Aberdeenshire. John France, minister of the associate con:
28. Ai Kilmarnock, Miss Margaret Dun- gregation, Buckly vie. lop, sister of the late Capt. William Dunlop 5. At London, William, youngest son of of Annanhill.
Henry Davidson of Tulloch, Esq. 28. At Randolphfield, near Stirling, Ma- 5. John Morton, Esq. of Greenbank. jor Thomas Spark, late in the Hon the 5. Mr Thomas Buchan, lace cabinet-ma. Ease India Comp.iny's service at Bengal. ker in Edinburgh.
29. At Comely Garden, aged 76, Mr Jas. 6. Ac Black wond, Dunfries-shire, wm. Clark, farrier to his Majesty for Scotland. Copland, Esq. of Colliston.
29. At Dumfries, John Graham, Esq. of 7. At Ballantrae, Mr Hew Millwraith, Mossknow, in the 92d year of his age.
vintner. 29. At Dunfermline, Mark Stark, Esq. 7. At Forfar, much regretted, Ms Wm. lace of Kirkhill.
Ireland, land-surveyor, at Middletown. $0. At Airdmarneck, Argyllshire, Mrs 7. Ac Edivburgh, Mr John Rennie. Mary Maclean, relict of the late Archibald 7. At Cromarty, Mrs Forsyth. Campbell, Esq. of Airdmarneck.
7. At Ellrigg, Robert, second son of Wm. 30. At the mapse of Logie Easter, Miss Cowbrough, Esq. of Ellrigg.