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division. On the roth of August, Gen.
ITALY. Meade sailed from the same port, in the Decade frigate, with some trans
SUBVERSION OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL
ESTATES. ports, having on board the 18th dragoons, also for Portugal.
The following extraordinary Procla. On the 21st of July, Sir Arthur Wels" mation was issued at Bayonne by Bona. lesley was off Corunna, all well, where parte, and published at Rome on the he landed, and was received by the Spa
21st of May : niaids with great rejoicings. He contia
PROCLAMATION, nued on shore about 36 hours, and ha. “Napoleon, by the grace of God, and ving learnt the successful progress of by the constitution, Emperor of the the Spanish arms, reimbarked, anidst French, King of Italy, Protector of the the huzzas of the populace. On the 25th Rhenish Confederacy, considering that the fleet was off Oporto, where the Gen, the present Sovereign of Rome has conagain went on shore, with part of his stantly refused to declare war against suite, and waited on the Bishop, now the English, and to co-operate with the Governor, by whom he was most kindly kingdoms of Italy and Naples for the received. He reimbarked next morn- protection of the Italian peninsula ; that ing, and sailed in the Crocodile frigate the interest of the two kingdoms, and for the Tagus, in order to consult with the relative situation of Italy and NaSir Charles Cotton.
ples, require that their communication General Wellesley's expedition arri. should be interrupted by no hostile ved in Mondego Bay on the 29th July. puwer; that the gift of the lands which On the 30th, the General rejoined the compose the Ecclesiastical States was expedition, and signal was immediately made by our illustrious predecessor made to prepare to land. On the 31st, Charlemagne, for the benefit of Chrishowever, this was found impracticable, tendom, but not for the succour of the from the surf on the beach, which, even enemies of our holy religion ; therefore in the calmest weather, is very high. have we, upon consideration of the de. The Alfred lost from 15 to 20 of her mand for passports made by the Ronisk people in sending boats ashore, and Ambassador at our Court, on the 8th of some men belonging to the transports March, decreed, and do decree as folwere drowned. The marines were en. lows :-[Here follow the different articamped close to the town of Fernigo. cles of the decree, uniting the provin. On the morning of the ist of August the ces of the Papal territory to the king5th battalion of the both, the 95th, 36th, dom of Italy, and presenting various loand 45th regiments were disembarked, cal regulations as to their government.] and marched towards Lavos, where they lo pursuance of a second decree, all Car. were to be encamped till the whole dinals, Prelates, and other officers of:he were landed. The last to land was Gen. Romish court, born in the kingdom of
Craufurd's division, consisting of the Italy, must retire to the place of their · 40th, 71st, and gist. A proportion of birth before the sth of June, on pain of
artillery was disembarked every day. forfeiting their goods. At Ancona, on The joy with which the troops were re- the uth of May, the Papal officers were ceived by the Portugueze was exces- already dismissed. sive ; as the boats advanced to the shore, the air was rent by the acclamations of A series of official papers have been the people on the beach, and nothing published at Palermo, by order of his was heard but blessings on the name of Sicilian Majesty, which give a striking Great Britain, the deliverer of the op- view of the atrocious treachery and viopressed. Gen. Spencer arrived off the lence which lias been exercised at Rome Tagus on the ist, with 5000 men from against both the person of his Holiness, Gibraltar, and was still detained there whom all true Catholics deem sacred, on the 3d by adverse winds. He was to and the rights spiritual and temporal take the first opportunity of proceeding which he possesses.--" We must, how. to Figueira. General Wellesley would ever," says the Italian commentator on probably wait for him, and perhaps for these documents, “ remark the comthe troops under the command of Gen. mencement, that this last act of the Sir Harry Burrard,
French Ruler(viz.the seizure of Rome,)
which violates at once the most sacred The 4th Note is from Cardinal Gabprinciples of our holy religion and the rielli to Lefebvre, complaining of the law of nations, evidently proves, that, behaviour of the French, in imprisonintending to destroy all ancient Govern- ing and banishing of other Cardinals, ments, the family of Buonaparte wishes, natives of Italy, as well as of Naples. above all, with a view to establish their The 5th Note requires the Treasurer atheism, to destroy the Roman Catho. of his Holiness to give two Cardinals, lic religion, being fully aware that it banished to the north of Italy, 1006 cannot build up his own tyranny, ex- ecus each. cept upon the foundation of impiety; The 6th Note is from Cardinal Gab. and, in fact, the Emperor of the French rielli to Lefebvre, complaining of the had no other intention, in thus endea. French officers having seized a number vouring to destroy the Catholic wor- of the Papal troops, and confining them, ship, than to eradicate from the minds and requiring their liberation. of the people whom he enslaves every The 7th Note is from the same to the notion of respect, and every sentiment same, signifying, that after the forced of obedience to the head of the Church incorporation of the Italian and French of Christ, whom he has with that view troops, his Holiness had called those of strove to dishonour, by forcing him to his troops who still remained faithful to enter into a league with himself ; or, in him, to wear a cockade different from other words, to be his accomplice in the rest, that the public might not as• those robberies which he commits a. cribe to him the excesses of the French. gainst every kind of property, public The 8th Note is from M. Champagny, and private. But the Spirit of God has addressed to Cardinal Caprara. It calls given to the Holy Father strength to upon the Pope to declare war against resist these suggestions of the enemy England, and in the event of his refusof men, and has enabled him to displaying to do so, threatens to overturn the an energy worthy the best ages of the Government, and to establish another, church.
which will make common cause with The 1st Note is dated from the Pa• Italy and Naples against the common lais Quirinal, from Cardinal Pamflito enemy. The Note then concludes with M. Lefebvre, and is dated the ed of an expression of regret that the CardiMarch. It complains, in the most glow. nal Caprara's demand for passports coming language, of the French Command- pelled his Imperial Majesty to consider ant, in forcibly depriving the Chevalier Rome in a state of war with France. Altieri of the government of Rome ; of This last Note was followed by a long placing a guard at the Post office, and Declaration in name of his Holiness, opening all the letters, in defiance of and signed by Cardinal Gabrielli. It is the public law; of forcibly incorpora a truly eloquent and interesting compoting the Papal troops with those of sition, and we shall give it if possible in France, and placing guards on all the our next. printing houses, and thereby depriving his Holiness of the liberty of the press.
The ad Note is from the same Cardinal ADDRESS OF THE CITY OF LONDON TO to Lefebvre, remonstrating, in the name
The King. of his Holiness, against the proceedings of the French commander, in imprison
On Wed. July 20. the Right Hon. ing and threatening the officers of his Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, Recorder, Holiness with banishment, because they Sheriffs, and Common Council of the ciwere averse to unite with the French a. ty of London, waited upon his Majesty, gainst the inclination of their Sovereign. at the Queen's Palace (being introduced
The 3! Note is written by the Secre: by Lord Rivers, the Lord in waiting,) tary of his Holiness to such Cardinals as
with the following address, which was were ordered by the French to quit the read by the Recorder :Papal dominions. Their names are Car. dinal Guiseppe, Doria Pamfili, and the
To the King's most Excellent Majesty. Pope's Minister, who was replaced by “ The humble, dutiful, and loyal Ad. Cardinal Gabrielli.
dress of the Lord Mayor, Alder.
men, men, and Commons of the city of your royal interposition in a cause at London, in Common Council as. once so great and glorious, and so pecusembled.
liarly congenial to the spirit and feel. 6 Most Gracious Sovereign,
ings of your people, no exertion sball
be withheld, no sacrifice shall be spared, " We, your Majesty's loyal subjects, on our part, to preserve twelve millions the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com of fellow freemen from being accursed muns of the city of London, in Common with the most galling and profigate desCouncil assembled, with hearts full of potism recorded in the history of the dutiful affection to your Royal Person, world. and inseparably attached to the honour “ In the measures which your Maand prosperity of your Government, jesty may think proper to adopt for achumbly desire to approach your throne, complishing this great end, you may, and represent to your Majesty the sen- Sire, rely with the firmest confidence u. timents of a free and faithful people. pon the affectionate, zealous, and ens
“ While we contemplate, with horror thusiastic support of your loyal citizens and indignation, the atrocious perfidy of London. We feel ourselves identified and wanton violence employed by the with the Patriots of Spain ; we sympa. ruler of France, to reduce under his thise in all their wants; we participate yoke the Spanish Monarchy and the in all their wishes; and we humbly beg Spanish people, we cannot refrain from leave to express our fervent hope, that expressing our joy and exultation, at the glorious struggle in which the Spathe pure and animating spirit of patrio- nish nation is engaged, aided by the co tismn, displayed by that high-minded and nergies, resources, and magnanimity of gallant nati a, in defence of their dear. the British empire, may succeed, not est rights and privileges. They have only in asserting the iodependence of appealed to the generous feelings of the Spanish Monarchy, but in ultimateyour Majesty for protection and sup: ly effecting, under the protection of Dis port, and they have not appealed in vine Providence, the emancipation of vain. You, Sire, have felt as the So- Europe, and the re-establishment of the vereign of a free people, who, by ex. blessings of peace.” tending his powerful aid to a nation, To which address his Majesty was struggling for liberty and independence, pleased to return the following most holds forth to the world a happy and gracious answer :practical illustration of the blessings “ I thank you for your very loyal which his own subjects enjoy.
and dutiful address. I accept with plea“ The solemn declaration, by which sure your congratulations on the pros• your Majesty has been pleased to recog- pect opened to the world by the brave nise the Spanish nation as a natural friend and loyal exertions of the Spanish naand ally against thecommon enemy of all tion against the tyranny and usurpation established governments ; the frank, dis. of France, and on the re-establishment of jaterested and inspiriting pledge which peace between Great Britain and Spain. you have given, that you have no other “ In aiding the efforts of the Spanish object than that of preserving unimpair. nation, I have been actuated by no o ed, the integrity and independence of ther motive than that of affording the the Spanish Monarchy; the wisdom, most effectual and disinterested assista liberality and promptitude of the mea: ance to a people struggling for the mainsures consequently adopted by your tenance of their ancient Government Majesty's Government, have excited in and national independence. our breasts the most lively and grateful “ I have no doubt I shall continue sensations.
to receive from you, and from all clas. “ We have to entreat your Majesty's ses of my people, the same zealous acceptance of our most cordial thanks and affectionate support which I have for the noble and liberal system of po- experienced on so many and on such licy by which your councils have been, important occasions." and continue to be, actuated towards They were all very graciously recciSpain; and we beg leave to assure you, ved, and had the honour to kiss his Ma. That, in contributing to the success of jesty's hand.
ADDRESS OF THE CITY OF EDIYBURGH narch and Royal Family. Thus he has TO THE KING.
at once treated with the foulest perfidy
a nation celebrated from its earliest his. THE following address having been
transmitted to the Right Hon. Lord tory for rigid adherence to public and Hawkesbury, his Majesty's Principal
to individual faith, and stigmatized with Secretary of State for the Home De insolence and contumely a people propartment, has been by his Lordship pre
verbially jealous of national and of per. sented to the King; which Address his sonal honour. Majesty was pleased to receive
May we be permitted to hope that an
very graciously :
aggression, unparalleled in history for To the King's Most Excellent Majestya
the treachery in which it commenced,
the undisguised effrontery with which May it please your Majesty, it was avowed, and the cruelty by which We, the Lord Provost, Magistrates, it was enforced, as it has already conand Council of your Majesty's good ci- verted the most passive and useful ally ty of Edinburgh, deeply feeling the mo. of France into the most formidable enementous iinportance of the present crisis my, may teach the other nations of Euin the fate of Europe, crave permission rope how little is to be expected from to approach your royal throne. submission to such a foe ; how much
Representing the ancient metropolis may be hoped from decided, determin. of a kingdom long famous for maintain- ed, and uncompromising resistance. A. ing its liberties against invasion, and bove all, from the measures, alike prusharing the benefit of your Majesty's pa- dent, liberal, and active, already adop. ternal Government, it is impossible for ted in your Majesty's Councils, we are us to behold, without the keenest inte. encouraged to hope, that no aid which rest, the gallant struggles of the Spanish the resources of your Majesty's kingdoms nation against foreign tyranny, since our can supply will be withheld from those own experience teaches us the blessings Patriots who are now in arms, not sole. of legitimate freedom, and the history ly in the cause of Spain, but in that of of our ancestors shews us how it ought Britain, of Europe, and of the world. to be defended. When we consider the If it is the pleasure of God that their no. eventful and invigorating spectacle of a ble efforts shall be finally unsuccessful, gallant and injured people, rising to a let it not be recorded as a cause of their man in defence of their laws, their failure that Britain was a cold and inKing, and their religion, against unpro. different assistant in so glorious a strugvoked and treacherous invasion, we can. gle. But if, as we hope, trust, and pray, not but nourish the animating hope that the issue of the contest shall be success. Providence has destined the presump- ful, may it be written in the annals of tion of the oppressor of Europe to be Spain, that, not alone the wisdom of her the instrument of ruining his usurped patriotic councils, and the enthusiasm power. It was, when possessed of all of her brave warriors, but the ready, the the resources of Spain, when wasting in decided, unconditional, and disinterested the extensive plans of his own ambition, suocours of Britain, saved her from the but in which she had not the remotest in- yoke of a worse than Moorish conqueterest, the treasures of her colonies, and ror, and aided her to erect, in the prethe blood of her subjects, it was then served independence and renovated ethat the present ruler of France was nergy of her Government, an unsurpleased, in the wanton insolence and lust mountable barrier against his insatiable of domination, to occupy her capital ambition. with his soldiery, to massacre its loyal That God may grant your Majesty a inhabitants, to deceive, dethrone, and long and happy reign, and may vouchad into captivity her unfortunate Mo- safe to direct your Councils at this im• August 1808.
portant crisis to the weal of Britain, of will be abolished. While I sit here, it shall Spain, and of Europe, is the unteigned never be omitted. We all must eel how and devout prayer of your Majesty's apt the best of us are to becone mtosited dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lord Pro. with power, and, therefore, how useful it vost, Magistrates, and Council of the
must be from time to time, to reriind Ma. city of Edinburgh,
gistrates that they are responsible for their signed, in our name, by our appoint. might now be safely discontinued as to you,
conduct. Even if I thought this ceremony ment, and in our presence, and the I would wish it to be preserved for my own seal of the said city is hereto affixed. sake-for I cannot thus remind you of your DONALD SMITH, Provost. Duty and of your Responsibility, acui,
at the same time, being reminded of my SPEECH OF Tue Lord JUSTIÇE CLERK, own; and I am not vain enough to :hink. AT THE GLASGOW CIRCUIT, April 30. that such responsibility is less Becessary
After his Lordship had, in the usual man- for me than for you. Perhaps the higher Aer, inquired whether there were any per- the office and the greater the power, it is sons present who had cause of complaint the more useful that frequent opportunities against the judicial conduct of the Sheriffs should recur of reminding Magistrates that of this District, he, in a highly eloquent and their power is conferred on them for the impressive manner, spoke nearly as follows: benefit of others, and that, in the exercise GENTLEMEN SHERIFFS,
of it, they are accountable to their superiors. “ From the silence which prevails after the proclamation now made, I conclude,
" Gentlemen Sheriffs, and you, my Lord that no person has any complaint to make
Provost and Gentlemen of the Magisagainst you ; this, indeed, is no more than
tracy of the City; I expected from the character of yourselves, “ Before concluding, allow me to say a and of your principals. This ceremony of few words applicable to the state of the cri. calling up the Sheriffs at the conclusion of 'mival business in this place, and to the sieach Justice Eyre, and making open pro- tuation of our Country in geperal. clamation for any person to come forward “ Although, from the list of criminals to who thinks he has been injured by them in be tried at this Eyre, the business had at the exercise of their office, is of considerable first rather a formidable aspect, I am hapantiquity in our Law, and was originally py that it has ended with so little trouble of great utility. At the time when the ce to us all, especially to the Gentlemren of the remony was enjoined, almost all our She Jury; but, even in the worst view of it, I riffdoms were hereditary in the families of must, in justice, say, that the number ot great and powerful Barons, who often were criminals in custody for trial was comparathe rivals of the King himself, and from tively small, in reference to the immense whom, therefore, if they were guilty of op- population of this district of the country. pression, the people subject to their juris- But if reference be made to the list of cridiction were little likely to obtain redress. minals in other countries, even in our sister It was, therefore, wisely provided by our kingdom of England, we shall see just cause ancestors, that, at the conclusion of each to be proud and thankful that our lot has Justice Eyre, before dismissing the Jury, been cast in a land, whose inhabitants are the Sheriffs should be obliged to stand up 80 distinguished for the Virtuous Simpliciand answer to any complaint made against ty of their manners. them before the Grand Justiciar, invested “ A few days before I left home, there with the whole Majesty of the Law, and wis transmitted to me, officially, by the Se. armed with the power of the whole array cretary of State, a printed list of all the of the district.
commitments and prosecutions for criminal " Thank God, we live in times, when offences in England and Wales for the three the original cause which led to this cere- last years ; and horrible to tell, the least mony no longer exists. The office of She- nomber of commitments in any of these riff is now intrusted to professional Gentled years was considerably above four thoumen, qualified by their education to admi- sand, and above three thousand five hunnister justice with ability, and without dred were actually brought to trial. It is power, without temptation to transgress not stated in the document, whether Lonthe laws; and, besides, from their judg- don and Westminster are included in that ments, there lies a regular appeal to the number; if they are not included, then the Supreme Courts of Session and Justiciary. number is about fifteen hundred more.
* But, although the original reason for “ This is a fact, Gentlemen, which I pera this ceremony has ceased, 'I am far from ceive fills you with astonishment, and I conthinking that it has become useless. On fess that I could not have believed it myself
, the contrary, I hope and trust that it never if I had not read it in an official document