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Spanish General Cuesta had advanced had his hand struck off with a sabre, and from Asturias, with about 14,000 men, the cup taken from him. regulars and new levies, 800 cavalry, Lord Collingwood's last dispatches and 26 pieces of cannon, followed by a are merely a reference to the preceding body of peasants, totally undisciplined. report of Capt. Whittingham.-But the The French had possessed themselves came Gazette which contained those of Valladolid, and having notice of the also exhibits the following article : approach of the Spaniards, were aware of the importance of keeping the place
Downing-Street, August 16. 1808. if possible. They therefore marched to By a letter received from Lieutenantgive the Patriots battle. The two ar- Colonel Doyle at Corunda, and from mies met at Rio Seco. On the morn- Major Roche at Oviedo, of the 8th and ing of the 14th of July, (according to gtb'instant, addressed to Viscount Casthe Spanish accounts,) the Patriots at- élereagh, one of his Majesty's Principal tacked the French at the point of the Secretaries of State, it appears that vabayonet with such fury, that they cut rious letters from respectable authorities four battalions to pieces, and took' four at Madrid, and also public Gazettes had cannon. A column of Gallicians under been received, both at Corunna and Count de Mazeda, attacked another co- Oviedo, stating, that on the 29th ultimo, luma of French, and put them to the in the evening, the French began the sout with great loss. In about two evacuation of Madrid. Upon the 30th hours the victory was in favour of the the evacuation continued ; and upon the Spaniards, who began the pursuit of the 31st, Joseph Bonaparte, with the remainenemy with too great 'ardour, and der of his troops, quitted the capital for thereby fell into disorder. The French Segovia. This measure was attribured perceiving this, rallied, and giving a to the French having received the actremendous discharge of grapeshot, fol. count of the surrender of General Disc lowed it up with a general charge of ca. pont's army in Andalusia. The French valry, which made such havock among carried with them all the artillery and the left wing of the patriots, as obliged ammunition they could find means to them to retreat in considerable disorder. convey, and spiked the cannon, and daAt this moment Gen. Blake came up to maged the powder, they left behind ; their assistance with a strong column of they also plundered the Palaces and the carabineers, and a corps of dying artil- Treasury; they were followed by the lery, which put a stop to the progress Spanish Ministers who had acted under of the French, and the battle ceased the French, and, in general, by all the about 12 o'clock, having lasted four French who were settled in business at hours. The Spanish General retreated Madrid. Upon the 3rst of July it was in good order, in the afternoon, to Be believed there was not a Frenchman re. navente ; the French not attempting to maining in the capital. pursue him. The loss of the Patriots The Dutch papers, and their extracts in this action, is said to be only about from the Moniteur, are still silent res1500 in killed and wounded, while they pecting the transactions in Spain. One magnify the loss of the enemy to thrice of the minor journalists, however, after this number. It is positively stated repeating the old story of King Joseph's that one half of the French cavalry suf. joyous reception in Madrid, admits that sered in the first attack, and in the last rumours have somehow got into circucharge which they made. The French lation in Paris, of reverses sustained by entered Rio Seco about four hours af- the French arms in Spain and Portugal, ter the battle, and so enraged were they but he sturdily denies that there is one at their loss, that they committed the word of south in them. The intrigues most cruel excesses upon the innocent of the English, he says, have completes inhabitants. According to the Spanish ly failed in both countries. They made accounts, upwards of 408 were murder. proposals to the Russian Admiral in the ed, among whom were five Franciscan Tagus, but they were rejected with friars, five Carmelites, and three Domini- scorn and indignation. That we may cans. A poor curate, while elevating at once dismiss all the little French in. the host to protect himself from outrage, formation in our possession, we may of August 1808.
fer the following as the substance of se “ Long live King Joseph" in their veral letters of General Dupont, which mouths !-and that too without any pro. were intercepted and fell into the hands clamation or public act whatever;-not of General Castanos, previous to the bat. a word of farewell, nor a promise of retle of Baylen; they are addressed to turn ! General Beliard, and to the Duke de What must the high-minded CastiliRobego, (the former General Savary) ans have thought of such conduct in a commander in chief of the French ar man calling himself a king :-He entermies in Spain :
ed Madrid as a monarch-he quitted it Dupont, after giving some details of as a petty thief;--pride and insult acskirmishes with the Spaniards, expresses company his arrival-fear and felony arhis apprehensions of a more serious at. tend his departure. Some of the letters tack from them, as they were posted on state that Joseph, while at Madrid, on the heights in front of Andujar, as they account of his being in a perpetual stale manifested a regular pl.n in their at of intoxication, was nick named " Pepe tacks, and as his inaction had given them Cuba,”- Yoe Butt ;--Pepe signifying courage. He requests that efficient re Joe, and Cuba butt of wine. The same inforcements may be sent him, to en letters state, that this redoubted monarch 'able him to resume the offensive, other. was so completely panic-struck, that he wise the flame of insurrection might escaped into the country by a subter. spread from the southern to the other raneous passage upwards of a mile from provinces, and the regular troops which the palace of Madrid, at four o'clock in were dispersed might be drawn to take the morning of the ist, in company with part with the rebels. He states the hard O'Farrel, and a few other faithful fol. ships to which his troops had been sub. lowers. He set off in disguise, being jected from the want of subsistence. dressed in black, and wearing a patrioThe peasants having left their cottages tic cockade. It was generally intima. and harvests to join the army, the solo ted to the Spaniards, that the object of diers had been constanily employed in his removal was to take a more eligible Teaping the wheat, and making their own military position at Segovia, where it bread, but as they were now obliged to was given out that he mcant to fortify be constantiy under arins, this had be himself;--but there is reason to believe „come impracticable, and they were com- that he did not even think it prudent to pelled to subsist on the most disgusting halt at Segovia, but continued his fright and loathsome food. He .requests that to France. medicines and linens for bandages may
St Yago, Asturias, June 29. be sent him ir mediately, as the enemy The Supreme Junta of this principa. had intercepted in the mountains all the fity hasten to communicate to the king. moving hospitals and the supplies, &c. dom the information they have received “ All motives," he adds, “ concur to from their Deputies in Great Britain, induce us instantly to fight a decisive whose Government offers a succour not battle ;" and again, “ a decisive blow only to this principality, but every other in Andalusia will contribute much to principality of the kingdom, as will be the subjugation of all Spain.” This last seen by the annexed copy of the letter expression will not escape observation. of the English Minister to our DepuIn his public addresses to the Spaniards, ties. Dupont affected to deplore the infatua tion of the people in rising against their His Britannic MAJESTY'S DECLARĄ.
TION TO THE ENVOYS OF ASTURIAS. best friends, whose only object was to secure to them the integrity and indepen Office of Foreign Affairs, 12th June. dence of their country; but in their letters My Lords--I have laid before my So. the esial subjugation of Spain is avowed vereign the letter which you were auto be the real object.
thorised by the Junta of the principality • How will i he journalists of Paris re- of Asturias to deliver to me, together concile the exit with the entrance of their with the powers entrusted to you by the imperial Joseph ?-His abandoning a ci- Junta, entreating in their name his ty which they assure us was enraptured Majesty's assistance. His Majesty has xvish his presence ; his running away desired me to assure your Excellencies, from a people who had norbing but that he feels the warmest interest in the
resolution of the principality o: Astu. French, amounting to about 300. The fias, to sustain, against the atro.ious following account of their future success usurper of France, a contest in favour is given in a letter trom Capt. Creyke, of the independence of the Spanish Mo of the Eclipse sloop of war, to Su Chas. narchy : That his Majesty is dispused Cotton, dated Oporto, June 20. to grant every kind of assistance to ef. “SIR,-Since the 10th of june, Opor. forts so magnanimous and praise worthy. to has undergone two revolutions, and
His Majesty has, iherefore, o dered has been successively in the hands of me to declare that no time shall be lost the French and the subjects of the Prince ja enbarking for the port of Gijon the Regent. After the Spaniaids had deli. succours that you require, as being the vered the forts into the custody of the most pressingly necessary : he will be. Portuguese, and the national colours sides send a Daval force, capable of pro- were every where hoisted, the French tecting the coast of Astur as agaiost any were again able to establish their autho. attempt which France may inake, and rity, in consequence of the weak and of introducing troops by sea into the undetermined measures of the Govercountry. His Majesty will make fur- nor, Louis D'Oliveira, who is now con. ther efforts in support of so just a cause. fined as a traitor, and maintained it till
His Majesty has also ordered me to the 16th, the day of Corpus Christi, a declare to your Excellencies, bis readi- great national festival, when it had been ness to extend the same succours to usual for the Portuguese regiments to every other part of the Spanish Monar- attend with culours flying. The Govercly which may be animated by the nur, D’Oliveira, in consequence of orsave spirit as the inhabitants of Astu- ders from Junot, attempted to establish rias, as well as his Majesty's sincere de- the French flag instead of the Puitule site to renew those ties of friendship guese at the procession. This violent which subsisted so long between the attack on the national custom drew forth 180 ustio... , and to direct his united of the murmurs of the populace to so great forts against any power which may e- a degree, that an attempt to compromise vince hostile intentions against Spain, as on the part of the Governor had no ef. well as Great Britain.
fect; and on the 18th, in the evening, I recoamend to your Excellencies to the day before my arrival here, they communicate, as soon as possible, to were excited to such a degree of fury, the Junta the manner in which his Ma- that, countenanced by the priests, the jesty has received the proposals trans- people rose in masse, broke open the mitted by your Excellencies. A vessel depots, and supplied themselves with has been got ready at Portsmouth, to twenty-five thousand stand of arms, and, carry any person you may think proper together with the regulars, formed a to dispatch.
Dost determined and enthusiastic army. I beg your Excellencies to accept the From this moment all French authonty assurances of my high consideration. ceased ; and every man, either French, (Signed) GEORGE CANNING. or suspected of being inclined to the
French interest, was arrested.
“ The Bishop of Oporto,was elected PORTUGAL,
as the new Governor, and an army of The accounts from Portugal are be- twenty thousand men sent to meet the coming equally interesting with those French, who had advanced, to the from Spain, and we trust the exertions amount of nine hundred, within six of the Portuguese to rid themselves of leagues of Oporto. French despotism will be equally suc- “The enthusiasm has communicated cessful. It was on the 6th of Jupe that from one to the other, and the Portuthis spirit of resistance first appeared at guese provinces of Tralos Dontes, Min. Oporto, and was excited by the Spanish h, and the northern part of Beira, in troops quartered there (amounting to imitation of the Spaniards, have risen in about 6000,) who hearing of the rising arms, determined to extirpate the French of their brethren in Spain, seizeda French from their kingdom. From the most General with his staff
, consisting of 26 moderate accounts, besides what are ac persons, and carried them off. They Oporto, I may estimate them at upe then disarmed and imprisoned all the wards of one hundred thousand men.
“ All the regular regiments disband to construct batteries for the defence ed by the French are forming again with of the city, and which would command the greatest alacrity, and will soon join the roads. We learn also, that hearing them. I have this day had an interview of the successful progress of the patriots with his Excellency the Governor, con. in Spain, Junot, distrusting the division ducted to him amidst the shouts and of Spanish troops attached to his army, huzzas of the populace.
said to amount to 4000 men, ordered “ To-morrow I send a party of men them all to be disarmed, and sent on to mount the guns of a large Brazil board hulks on the river. Juaot's force ship, the command of which is given to has been variously estimated ; at most, an Englishman, and destined as a float. it cannot exceed 20,000 men. But what ing battery to defend the bridge, in case can this number effect against the im. the French should have the temerity to mense army now on their march to sur. approach, though such an event is not to round him. The British army under Sic be apprehended. If any requisition is Arthur Wellesley, will amount to 20,000. made for powder, I shall comply with The Portuguese regular troops assemit; but they have at present abundance bled at Coimbra, amount to as many; of arms, ammunition, and provisions. and the Spanish General Jones is on his
“ The detestation of the Portuguese march to Lisbon from Estremadura to the French is so great, that Captain with 10,001) picked men, flushed with Jones and myself, after having begged their victories over Dupont, Moncey, the life of the French Intendant of Po. and Lefevre. Deprived of all prospect lice, had the greatest difficulty in con- of relief from France, we must consider veying him a prisoner to the boat, and Junot's situation perfectly hopeless. the unbounded love and respect for the PROCLAMATION BY SIR Chas. COTTON, English alone prevented the enraged
Bart. Adriral of the Blue, &c. Com. populace from tearing him in pieces.
mander in Chief. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) G. A. CREYKE. “ Inhabitants of Portugal-Deputa
tions having reached me from all parts After this favourable turn of affairs, the of the kingdom, soliciting succour, aid, port of Oporto was declared open to all and assistance, and stating to me the British vessels, and an invitation given loyal, brave, and manly determination to resume their former course of trade, of the people of Portugal to establish The house of Mr Warre, the British the Government of their lawful Prince, consul, which had been occupied by and to emancipate their country from the French Corregidor, Mor, had been French oppression : restored, with all the furniture and “ I send, agreeable to your requests, books untouched. A body of French ships, troops, arms, and ammuniuon; troops, said to be about 4000, under and I have directed the standard of his Gen. Loison, which was proceeding Royal Highness the Prince Regent of from Braganza to Oporto, hearing of Portugal to be reared, round which the rising of the people, changed his every loyal Portuguese is hereby invited route, and pushed on for Lisbon to join immediately to rally, and to take up Junot, but before he reached Santarem, arms in so just and glorious a cause. he was so harrassed, on his march, “ To be successful, Portuguese, you by the Portuguese patriots, that one must be unanimous ; and, joined by half of his men were either killed or your brave neighbours and friends, the wounded.
Spaniards, you must not be intimidated Respecting the state of the French at by menaces, nor seduced by promises. Lisbon, we learn by the last accounts, “ Some months experience must have that Junot, the French Guvernor Gene- convinced you of the effect of French ral of Portugal, was sensible of his pre- friendship; it is now to British faith and carious situation, and was preparing for assistance, aided by your own energy a desperate defence. He had called in and efforts, that you will, I'trust, be in. all his outposts, and was provisioning debted to the restoration of your Prince, and fortifying forts St Julien, Belem, and the independence of your country. &c. It is even said that he had order:
(Signed) C. COTTON." ed 1000 Russian sailors from their ships Hibernia, off the Tagus, July 4. 1808.
PROG Coimbra, July 18. 1808, most sanguinary threats against the inPROCLAMATION OF ADM. COTTON. habitants of Portugal; they are threaten
" The undersigned Admiral, come-ed with the destruction of the most manding the Acet of bis Britannic Ma loyal and populous cities, and their injesty on the coast of Portugal, loses not habitants doomed to the point of the a moment to make known, that he has sword, by a handful of men, amounting received an express from the loyal in. at must" to ten thousand, bearing no habitants of Sines, and to assure them, comparison to the population of Portu. as well as every true and loyal Portu- gal. Woe to the criminal oppressors, if guese, engaged in a just, honourable, the loyal Portuguese encounter them and glorious cause, such as the re-estab. fearless; the righteousness of their sause lishment of its rightful Prince, that all must triumph. Noble enthusiasm perthe support lying in the power of his vading the ranks can never be daunted, Britannic Majesty shall be given. if all access to seduction be precluded,
" Capt. Smith, commanding his Bri. A vigorous resistance, conjoined to the tannic Majesty's ship Comus, is charged energetic efforts now exerting by your to deliver this express, and instructed' valorous neighbours and friends, the to proceed to Sines, in order to lend a Spaniards, resolutely engaged in the prompt and immediate assistance. same glorious cause, must have the hap
" The British Admiral undersigned piest issue ; as yet there are thousands can assure the inhabitants of Sines, and in Portugal anxious to emulate the ibe whole kingdom of Portugal, that deeds of their forefathers in loyalty and the most energetic, valorous, and deci- glory. I repeat it to each loyal Portu, sive efforts have been displayed, with guese, that all the aid of which his Bri. the completest success, to frustrate the tannic Majesty's fleet is capable shall perfidious designs of the French against be given in behalf of a cause so just, the independence and even the existence glorious, and honourable, as the restoof this nation. The French ships in ration of its lawful Prince, in whose name Cadiz have been battered, and compelled the standard ought to have been raised to surrender to the brave Spaniards :- in the south, as has been done in the The people are in every part risen in north, for all the loyal to repair to. arms, and the result cannot fail proving “ Given on board his Britannic Ma. glorious. Similar energy must be at,
jesty's ship Hibernia, anchored at tended with the same success in Portu. the mouth of the Tagus, July 16. gal, and thus will the inhabitants of both
3808. kingdoms hold an equal right to the
(Signed) CHARLES COTTON esteem, applause, and admiration of Eu
" Admiral of the Blue, and ComTope. “The undersigned has received de
mander in Chief of his Britan. putations from the provinces of the north
nic Majesty's fleet." of Portugal, already in arms, swearing On the 12th of July, an expedition to re-establish the Government of their sailed from Corke to the assistance of legitimate Prince, and to resist their op- the Portuguese patriots. It is com. pressors. _At Oporto, Viana, in Entre manded by Lieut. Gen. Sir Arthur Wela Minho e Douro, and part of Beira, one lesley, Major Gens. Hill and Ferguson, hundred thousand Portuguese have risen and Brig. Gens. Fane and Crawford. in arms; and if their gallant country. The troops are the 5th, 9th, 36th, 38th, men in the South unite themselves to 40th, 45th, 5th batt, of the 60th, 71st, them, they cannot fail overthrowing the gist, 95th, and 4th royal veteran batt. small band of Frenchmen now occupy- 20th light dragoons--besides artillery ing the capital: But to vanquish, unani. and engineers, in all about 12,000 men, mity is requisite; let them not be inti. occupying 80 transports. Another large midated by menaces, or be corrupted body of troops, said to be 15,000 men, by promises ; let them bravely and re- and under the command of Lieut. Gen. solutely determine to rescue themselves Sir, Harry Burrard, also sailed from from oppression, and to restore the Go. Portsmouth, on the ist of August, in vernment of their lawful Prince.
130 transports, for the same destination. General Junot has, even in his last We bave no accurate list of the officers edict, of the cath of Juge, fabricated the or regiments employed in this second