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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from July 26. to Aug. 25. 1808, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather. July

M. N.

In. Pts 26

29.85 60 71 0.12 Showers 27 29.84 55 65 0.8 Rain 28 | 29.8 58 68 1.55 Ditto 29 29.75 58 72

Cloudy 30 29.79 59 74 0.25 Rain 31 29.8 58 73

Clear 601 29.65 60 64 0.01 Showers 2 29.95 60 66

Clear 3 30.08 56 65

Ditto 4. 29.9 55 66 1.14 Rain 5 29.82 56 65 1.15 Ditto 6 29.6 58 67 0.35 Ditto 7 29.75 59 63 0.71 Ditto 8 29.78 57 68 0.51 Ditto

9 29.77 58 68 0.52 Ditto .10 29.85 55 66

Clear 11.j. 29.82

68

Ditto 12 29.82 57 70 0.25 Rain 13 29.5 57 67

Clear 14 29.5 56 65 0.03 Showers 15 29.52 54 68

Clear 16 | 29.75 54 65

Ditto 17 52 70

Ditto 18 30.02 53 72

Ditto 19 30.1 57 72

Ditto 20. 30.13

59
70

0.12 Showers 21 30.2 60

Clear 22.30.25

Ditto 23 30.2 57 74

Ditto 24 80.2 5+ 76

Ditto 25 30. 54 68

Ditto

54

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70

57

70

High Water at LEITH For SEPTEMBER 1808.

Even Morn. Days, H. M. H.M Th. 1 11 21 11 47 Fr. 2

0 13 Sa. 3 0 37 1 1 Su. 4 1 25 1 47 M. 5 2 10 2 32 Tu. 6 2 55 3 17 W. 7 3 39 4 0 Th. 8 2 42 4 41 Fr. 9 5 75 29 Sa. 10 5 52 6 15 Su, 11 6 39 7

3 M. 127

27 7 51 Tu.13 8 16 8 41 W. 14 9 7 9 32 Th. 15 9 58 10 93 Fr. 16 10.49 11 15 Sa. 17 11 41 Su. 18 0 7 0 33 M. 19 0 59 1 25 Tu. 20 1 52 2. 19 W. 21 2 46 3 14 Th.22 3 42 4 11 Fr. 234 40 5 9 Sa. 24 5 38 6

8 Su. 25 6 377 7 M. 26 7 36 8 5 Tu, 27. 8 33 9 1 W. 28 9 27 9 54 Th. 29 10 19 10 44 Fr. 30 11 17 11 31

MOON'S PHASES

For SEPTEMBE a 1808. Apparent time at Edinburgk.

D. H. M. Full Moon, 4. 10. 29. even. Last Quar . 13. 2. 18. morn. New Moon, 20. 7. 15. mor. First Quart. 26. 10.45. even.

Quantity of Rain, 7.51

Sept. 22. King George III. crowned, 1761,

29. Michaelmas.

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THE

Scots Magazine,

AND

EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,

For AUGUST 1808.

Description of CRICHTON CASTLE. ly to the Chancellor Sir William T 'HE remains of this ancient edifice Crichton, and probably owed to him

lie in the parish of Crichton, its first enlargement, as well as its beMid Lothian, about 7 miles South- ing taken by the Earl of Douglas, east of Edinburgh. It is a fine ruin, who imputed to Crichton's counsels and has recently derived illustration the death of his predecessor Earl froun the pen of Mr Scott, who, in his William, beheaded in Edinburgh Cascelebrated poem of Marmion, has tle, with his brother, in 1440. It is made it the scene of some striking ad- said to have been totally demolished ventures. We cannot give its history on that occasion ; but the present state and description better than in the of the ruins shews the contrary. In words of Mr Scott himself, who in. 1183 it was garrisoned by Lord fornis us, that " it was built at differ- Crichton, then its proprietor, against ent times, and with a very differing King James III. whose displeasure he regard to splendour and accommoda- had incurred by seducing his sister tion. The older part of the building Margaret, in revenge, it is said, for is

a narrow keep, or tower, such as the Monarch having dishonoured his formed the niansion of a lesser Scot- bed. From the Crichton family, the tish Baron; but so many additions castle passed to that of the Hepburns, have been made to it, that there is Earls Bothwell; and when the fornow a large court-yard, surrounded by feitures of Stewart, the last Earl of buildings of different ages. The east- Bothwell, were divided, the barony em front of the court is raised above and castle of Crichton fell to the share a portico, and decorated with entabla- of the Earl of Buccleugh. They were tures, bearing anchors. All the stones afterwards the property of the Pringof this front are cut into diamond fa- les of Clifton, and are now that of cets, the angular projections of which Sir John Callender, Bart. It were to have an uncommonly rich appearance. be wished the proprietor would take The inside of this part of the building some pains to preserve these splendid appears to have contained a gallery of remains of antiquity, which are at pregreat length and uncommon elegance. sent used as a fold for sheep, and winAccess was given to it by, a magnifi- tering cattle; altho' perhaps there are cent stair-case, now quite destroyed. very few ruins in Scotland which disThe soffits are ornamented with twin- play so well the utile and beauty of ing cordage, and rosettes ; and the ancient architecture. The castle of whole seems to have been far more Crichton has a dungeon vault, called splendid than was usual in Scottish the Massy More." See fourth Canto castles. The castle belonged original- of Marmion, and notes to it.

An

564

}

Answer to GAELIC ETYMOLOGIES. or Mountainous Country. The an(Feb. Mag. 1808.)

cient Phoenicians or Greeks who trad

ed to Cornwall for Tin, in all probabiTo the Editor.

lity borrowed the name Alb-aon from SIR, I , alter

Request the favour you will insert the natives, and rendered it in the the following remarks, in reply to

ation, Albien. M. M., and oblige, SIR, Yours, &c.

The Gael, in their migrations from Dunkold,

Asia to Europe, have every where left

CUCHULLIN. permanent memorials behind them.10th July, 1808.

Alb, Ailb, hip, and Hilp, in the GaeLONDON, i. e. Lon-dun, i. e. the lit, are synonimous, and signify Higk. Marsh Fort. Most of our ancient We have the authority of a Roman towns took their names from places of author of the first respectability, strength, such as Dun-dee, Dunedin, " That Alba Longa was so named Dun-dall, &c. This etymology is from its being built on a high dorsum also strongly corroborated by the or ridge. Albania, Alpes, Alba LonThames, i. c. Tam-ess, s. e. the ship, ga, Albion, Albin, &c. are evidently Hill, or Fort. Lon-dun and Tam-ess derived from the Gaelic Alb or Alp. are only two different words, signify. Most Philologists have observed a ing one and the same thing. Many strong resemblance betwixt the Gaecollateral instances might be adduced, lic Albion and the Latin Albus, with. but I shall rest satisfied with one.-- out being able to discover the real Dun-staidh-naoiag, by the Monks la- cause. The fact is, the Gaelic All is tinized Dun-staffnagium, whence the the radix of both. These high hills, present name Dunstafsnage, literally whether from the hoariness of their signifies the Hill, or Fort of the Ship- cliffs, or the snow with which they head.

were almost perpetually covered, preA due want of attention to a neces- sented to the mind, along with the sary custom of our ancestors has led idea of elevation, also that of whiteour modern antiquarians into many a ness. The Gaelic Alb, and the Roman foolish blunder. Wherever they found Albus, are therefore synonimous, with a canoe, a boat, or an anchor, they this difference, that the Gael have reimmediately concluded that place to tained the original, and the Romans have been one day a navigable arm of the metaphorical signification; for

The ships (canoes) of the what I have before said respecting the ancient Gael were of small size, and city of Alba Longa, clearly evinces, easily portable. In times of danger, that the ancient Latins, by the word they not only withdrew them from Albus, did not mean white, but high. the

sea, but actually carried them into As M. M. has been kind enough their forts. Cæsar himself having lost to enwrap our ancestors in a hairy the greater part of his fleet in a sea mantle, it is not my intention to puil storm on the coast of Kent, actually it off, as I would not wish to expose hauled the remainder completely a.

even their ashes to the inclemency of ground, and took them into his Camp. the weather. I believe that, like other I shall not attempt to drive M. i. nations, they sheltered themselves as out of his Yellow Moss, but after a well as they could from the cold.perusal of the above plain and natural The history of John the Bahtisi, who analysis

, I make no doubt but he will constantly wore a leathern girdle avoluntarily relinquish it.

bout his loins, and of Hercules, with ALBION, 1.6. Alb-con, inc. the High his tegmine fulvi Leonis, (Lion's skin)

the sea.

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