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serious charge. If he (the Judge Advo. whom the inhabitants looked up for precate) had done so, he should no longer tection. desire to hold that station; but he would Gen. Whitelocke's private dispatch explain to the Court the circumstances stated his reasons for abandoning the to which this assertion had alluded. bombardment of the town, and for risk. When he entered upon this business, he 'ing the unfortunate plan which was the found among the charges one for mis- ground of the second charge against behaviour before the enemy-he meant him. He had, he said, abandoned the a charge of cowardice. At the time he bombardment, because it would irritate felt, as he had since stated to the Court, the inhabitants ;-surely the requisition that the dispatches of Gen. Whitelocke of the civil officers was more likely to himself were sufficient to justify the irritate. It was for the Court to decide, charges that came before them for in. whether Colonia, the only strong fortvestigation ; but he felt that, however ress besides Monte Video, should have the other charges might disgrace him as been abandoned and dismantled, though an officer, they could not as a man, it could have been maintained by a very though such a charge as this might sink small force. But compared with the him in society, whether proved or not points in the two after.charges, these proved, and would stigmatize him for were unimportant. He then retraced ever. He thought, therefore, it ought the march from Reduction to the arnot to be brought forward without a cer. rival of the army at the Coral, and tainty of proof. It was under these brought forward the leading occurrenconsiderations he submitted it to his ces :That the advanced corps on the Majesty's Council : but as to suppress 2d defeated the enemy; the main body such a charge, if well founded, would, following, after a march of seven miles, on the other hand, have been as wrong, were halted; that a cannonading was he did, though reluctantly, determine heard, and no means taken to learn from to see some of the officers of Gen. whence it proceeded, or the cause ; that Whitelocke's Staff, with a view to ascer. Col. Mahon, with the rear-guard, arritain facts, not to collect evidence, or to ved at Reduction, and opened a com. establish public clamour. The result of munication with the navy, yet received these inquiries was already known to no further orders till the oth; that ac. the Court, as not affording the necessary cording to the positive testimony of Geproof; and they could say how far henerals Gower and Craufurd, if they had merited this complaint against him. advanced on the town on the 2d, it
There was also another observation would liave been captured, by the meafor him to make. It was the complaint sure of entering on the westward, where Gen. Whitelocke had preferred of his they were not expected ; that guides harsh treatment, that he had been pur- were not confronted; that the necessary sued to his private moments, by the re- orders for the march were not given; quiring of disclosures of conversations and that no communication was kept from his secretary. The only reply he up with the advanced corps, from the should offer to this was, by reading to time it moved, though the main body the Court the evidence alluded to. had only marched seven miles. (Here the evidence of Col. Torrens res- On the points which applied to the pecting his transactions with the Gene- plan, he meant to offer no observation; sal was read.) He then adverted to the it was for the Court to decide upon its first part of the charges, namely, the re- merits or demerits. It appeared that quisition of the civil officers as prison. Gen. Whitelocke received information ers of war; and upon this he must ob of the defence of the enemy from Mr serve, Gen. Whitelocke had not brought White, which proved to be accurate : forward one solitary precedent 10 jus. he arranged the plan of attack, without tify such a measure. This charge sta- having made any reconnoissance of the ted, that instead of holding out to the town; he had not, in orders or otherSpanish Government such terms as would : wise, intimated the station himself was give a favourable impression of the Bri- to occupy; he had fixed no point of retish army, the General, on the contrary, treat, if retreat was necessary; that the called upon them to deliver up to him gun-boats might have assisted in the attheir Magistrates, the very persons to tack; that, by his orders, Col. Mahon, with his brigade, remained at the bridge; cretionary power; it was therefore free and that in consequence of this separa. for him to say, that this conduct was tion, the army lost the assistance of not that which ought to be pursued by 1800 men.
a British officer. What ought to have In the latter part of the third charge, been his conduct as the Commander in it appeared that the Plaza del Toros Chief of a British army, even under the was taken by Sir Samuel Auchmuty by pressure of the cessation of arms by a nine o'clock; that it contained a quan- capitulation of his advanced corps ? Not tity of ammunition and provisions, and to have given up the distant post of that Gen. Lumley, having no communi. Monte Video under circumstances that cation to act by, was obliged to join Sir did not require it. --But, in answer to S. Auchmuty: that General Craufurd any application that might have been and Col. Pack, with their forces, were made to such a purport from the Spaobliged to surrender for want of further nish General, he should have said--I orders, and those officers who had dis. will do every thing in my power to played so much gallantry were left with- cumpel you to submission, and as to out support. He next adverted to the your threats of ill-usage to the prisonnecessity of the Commander in Chief's ers, if you dare, in defiance of the laws personal exertions, which, though by of nature and of nations, to take away no means necessary at all times, in some an hair from their heads, I will retali. instances, were an indispensable part of ate with that degree of severity that this duty; in proof of which he instanced such conduct will merit. the personal exertions of the late Lord Lieut-Gen. Whitelocke then declared Lake, from which his country derived that he did not mean to impute any the greatest benefits, and himself unfad. thing improper to the conduct of the ing laurels. He then adverted to the Judge Advocate; and the proceedings occupation of the Corali by Sir Samuel on each side were then declared to be Auchmuty, the reports made to the Ge. closed. neral of the success or failure of the o. ther columns, and the want of necessary communications between the head quar. liberation on the evidence, and having
The Court were several days in deters and these columns in order to sup.
at length agreed upon their sentence, it port them. He then spoke of the situation of the fortress of Monte Video at by his Majesty, and published as fol
was communicated to and approved of the time of the treaty, and enforced the lows in arguments of Sir S. Auchmuty against
GENERAL ORDERS. giving up the possession of that place, and condemned in strong terms the mo.
Horse Guards, March 24, 1808. tives which had induced Gen. White
At a General Court Martial, &c. locke to sign the treaty, as subversive Lieut. General John Whitelocké was of all the principles hitherto acted upon tried upon the following Charges, &c. in such circumstances. In conclusion, he 'observed, that it
SENTENCE. was for the Court to determine whether “ The Court Martjal having duly con. so gallant an army were deserving of sidered the evidence given in support such a fate as to be obliged to purchase ofthe charges against the prisoner, Lieu. their safety by so disgraceful a sacrifice tenant General Whitelocke, his defence, of their honour and character as British and the evidence he has adduced, are of soldiers. The prisoner has endeavour- opinion, That he is guilty of the whole ed to make it out, that in the event of of the charges, with the exception of a bombardment, the lives of the prison- that part of the second charge which reers would be put in imminent peril, and lates to the order that the columns should that had made him refrain from order- be unloaded, and that no firing should ing that measure, although he was am. be permitted on any account. ply supplied with the means of carry. " The Court are anxious that it may ing it into effect. The learned Judge be distinctly understood, that they at. Advocate said, he had looked into the tach no censure whatever to the preinstructions, and could not find one cautions taken to prevent unnecessary single sentence that gave him such dis: firing during the advance of the troops July 1808.
to the proposed points of attack, and do
Sketch of the Life of therefore acquit Licut-Gen. Whitelocke
GENERAL WHITELOCKE. of that part of the said charge.
Gen. Whitelocke is a native of Berks “ The Court do therefore adjudge, that shire, and was born about the year 1759; the said Lieut-General Whiiclocke be —He received a good grammar-school cashiered, and declared totally unfit and un- education at Marlburough, and was af. worthy to serve his Majesty in any mili. terwards placed by the late Earl of Ayo tary capacity whatever.
lesbury (whom his father served as steward) at Lochee's Military Academy, near
Chelsea, where he remained untill the The King has been pleased to con. year 1777, when his Lordship procured firm the above sentence, and his Royal him an ensigncy in the 14th regiment Highness the Commander in Chief has of foot. This reginent was then at received his Majesty's command to di- Chatham barracks, and there be formed rect, that it shall be read at the head of a friendly connexion with the present every regiment in his service, and in
Quart.-Mast.-Gen. Brownrigg, ihen a serted in all regimental orderly books, Lieutenant, and afterwards Adjutant of with a view of its becoming a lasting that corps, Whitelocke accompanied his memorial of the fatal consequences to regiment to the West Indies in the earwhich officers expose themselves, who,
ly part of 1780, and returned with it to in the discharge of the most important England towards the end of the war. duties confided to them, are deficient in In 1787 he was still a Lieutenant, and that zeal, judgement, and personal ex. was then quartered at Chatham, where ertion, which their Sovereign and their he held some kind of garrison rank in country haye a right to expect from of the deput principally established for reficers intrusted with high commands. cruits for the regiments serving in In
To his Majesty, who has ever taken dia. In the mean time, he and Geri a most lively interest in the welfare, the Brownrigg (both then but Lieutenants) honour, and reputation of his troops, the had married daughters of the late Mr recent failure in South America has Lewis, chief clerk of the War office. proved a subject of the most heart-felt Quick' promotion was the natural result regret; but it has been a great conso- of an union so fortunate. He soon belation to him, and his Majesty has came a field-officer, and, on the come commanded it to be intimated to the
mencement of the war in 1793, he was army, that, after the must minute in promoted to the Lieutenant Colonelcy vestigation, his Majesty finds ample of the 13th foot, in which he served a cause for gratification in the intrepidity considerable time in the West Indies. and good conduct displayed by his troops In July 1794, Col. Whitelocke relately en:ployed on that service, and turned to England, with a very hand. particularly by those divisions of the
some testimonial of his military conduct ariny which were personally engaged from Gen. White. From his matrimowith the enemy in the town of Buenos nial connexions, he was soon appointed Ayres, on the 5th of July 1807; and to the home Staff, and successively rose his Majesty entertains no doubt, that to the ranks of Brigadier—Major-and had the exertions of his troops in South Lieut. General, and to the command of America been directed by the same skill the 8gth regiment of foot. In 1797, he and energy which have so eminently was second in command at Portsmouth, distinguished his commanders in other where he had many opportunities of disquarters of the world, the result of the playing his parade talents, both in the campaign would have proved equally garrison, and in the inspecting and reglorious to themselves, and beneficial viewing of the different volunteer corps to their country.
in the vicinity. In 1800 he was remoBy command of his Royal Highness ved from this situation, and appointed the Commander in Chief, to the depot at Carisbrooke, in the Isle HARRY CALVERT,
of Wight. In 1807, he was appointed to
the chief command of an expedition desMajor. Gen. and Adj..Gen, of the Forces. tined for the re-capture of Buenos Ayres.
HIS MAJESTY's Birth Day. mony of approbation on the good conduct SATURDAY, June 4. being the anniversary and discipline of these corps.
Next day the following general order was into his 71st year,) the same was celebrated issued. a Edinburgh with every demonstration of
“ The Commander of the Forces having loyalty and respect. The Court of Session been ptesent yesterday at a field-day of the did not meet, and the Banks and Public Of 1st Regiment of Royal Edinburgh Voluntices were shut. The flag was displayed teer Infantry, and of the 1st battalion of from the Castle in the morning, and ac
the 2d Regiment of Royal Edinburgh Vo. noon all the guns were fired. The whole lunteers, when both battalions were exer. military force in the district paraded in the cised together on Brunesfield Links by the New Town; and after the brigades were
Right Honourable Charles Hope, approves drawn up, they passed his Excellency Lord
most highly of their appearance and perViscount Cathcart in the following order :
formance in all respects, and is satisfied that A detachment of the Royal Artillery- their discipline and instruction are such as Berwickshire, Lanarkshire, a berdeenshire, would enable them to act with advantage Dumfrieshire, Edinburghshire, Inverness in the line with any troops in the service." şhire regiments of militia-Mid Lothian
The following regiments belonging to the Cavalry-1st regiment Royal Edinburgh city and county
of Edinburgh, have voluna Volunteers--Ist hattalion 2d regiment Roy. teered into the Local Militia, viz. the 1st al Edinburgh Volunteers--Loyal Edinburgh and 20 battalions of the 2d regiment of Artillery-Royal Leith Volunteers- Tric Royal Edinburgh Volunteers-Royal Highnity House Artillery-Loyal Edinburgh land Volunteers-Loyal Edinburgh VolunVolunteers--20 battalion 2d regiment Roy: teers-Royal Leith Volunteers-Museelo al Edinbusgh Volunteer-Royal Highland burgh and Dalkeith Volunteers, and RoyVolunteers-Royal Edinburgh Artillery.,
al Mid Lothian Artillery. - Similar offers They then marched to Hope Park, have been made by the Glasgow Highland where they were drawn up in the walks, regiment, the Loyal Greenock Volunteers, and fired a feu-de-joye. In the evening a
the Mearns-shire battalion, the Aberdeea grand collation was given by the Lord Light Infantry regiment, the Fraserburgh Provost and Magistrates, in the Parlia. corps, and the Culloden battalion. ment House, which was elegantly decorated with flowers and shrubs, to a number
Universitý or EDINBURGI. of noblemen and gentlemen, and many of
On Friday, June 24. the Senatus Acade. the first characters in the country. The
micus of the University conferred the denumber of men under arms amounted, it gree of Doctor in Medicine on the followis supposed, to between 9000 and 10,000.
ing Gentlemen, after having gone through
the appointed examinations, and publicly MILITARY INTELLIGENCE.
defended their inaugural dissertations:-On Friday, July 22. the 1st Regiment of Of Scotland.-J. M. G. Malloch, CharRoyal Edinburgh Volunteer Infantry con. les Wightman, James Ranken, John Morcluded theit permanent duty with a grand rison, George Goldie, Colin Rogers, Chara feld-day, when they were brigaded with les Ferguson Forbes, James Veitch, Wilo the 1st battalion of the 2d Regiment on liam Thomson. Bruntsfield Links. It is but doing justice From England.-Peter F. Luard, Chara to the parent corps, and to its first shoot, les Carr, James Cowles Prichard, N. Thoto state that their performance on this oc- mas Smith, William Back, John Clayton casion was most masterly, whether consi- Hall, Joseph Arnoulde, Hardwicke Shute, dered in the accuracy of posicion, correct- Edwin Goddin Jones, John Bunnell Davis. nėss of manoeuvre, steadiress of march, or From Ireland.--James Beatty, William closeness and regularity of firing. Lieut. Maccartney, Robert Bradine, Richard Gen, Lord Viscount Cathcart, command. Greene, Edmund G. Ryan, George Augusing the forces in Scorland, with several o- tus Borthwick, John Moore, J. De Courcy ther distinguished officers, honoured the Latran, Michael M°Сre sy, Richard Keofield with their presence, and his Lord- nedy, Mason Stanhope Kenny ship then bestowed a most fastering testi- Fron Wales, William Bonsall,
From America.--Francis Hunter, John don of Keith, to Mary, daughter of the late Grimke.
John Grant, Esq. of Gallovie. From the West Indies. Robert Benstead 2. Alexander William Mitchell, Esq. of Wright, of Jamaica, R. Hamden, of Bar. Virginia, to Miss Eliza Fowler, eldest badoes, J. T. Caines, of St. Christopher's, daughter of Reeves Fowler, M. D. Nassau, Richard H. Dyett, of Montserrat.
8. At Inverary, Mr John M'Murchy, ECCLESIASTICAL APPOINTMENTS.
writer, to Miss Giles Campbell. Whitehall, July 16. 1808 — The King
4. Ac Edinburgh, George Ross, Esq. has been pleased to order a Conge d’Elire to pass the Great Seal, empowering the of the Rev. Dr Andrew Hunter of Barjarg,
Advocace, to Miss Hunter, eldest daughier Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church Professor of Divinity. of Hereford, to elect a Bishop of that see, the same being void by the translation of merchant, to Margaret, eldest daughter of
4. Ac Glasgow, Mr Michael Neilsor, the Right Rev. Father in God, Folliott
Jas Spreull, Esq. Chamberlain of Glasgow. Herbest Walker Cornwall, late Bishop
4. Ar Throsk, Stirlingshire, James Wil. thereof, to the See of Worcester ; and his
son, Esq. late of the island of Jamaica, to Majesty has also been pleased to recom. niend the Right Rev. Father in God lohn Deas, Esq. of Throsk.
Wilhelmina, youngest daughter of William Luxmore, Bishop of Briscol, to be elected
5. Ac Glasgow, Mr James Paterson, Bishop of the said See of Worcester,
writer in Edinburgh, to Euphemia, daughThe King has been pleased to appoint Dr Andrew Grant Minister of Kilmarnock, chant in Glasgow.
ter of the late Mr Walter Aitchison, merto be first Minister of Canongate church, Edinburgh, void by the death of the Ref. adder, Hill of Dreip, to Miss Eliza Fraser,
5. At Pdinburgh, Mr Alexander BlackRobert Walker.
second daughter of Mr William Fraser, MARRIAGES.
Pilrig Street. At New York, James Arnott, E«q. mer- 6. At Dunkeld, Mr Thomas Wilson, chant, Philadelphia, to:Miss Stewart, daugh- merchant, Monymusk, to Mary, daughter ter of the late 'Tho. Stewart, of Steel-end, of the late Patrick Reid, Esq. St Doningo, Perthshire.
7. Mr Nathaniel Harvie, writer, Camp June 11. Mr William Johnston, Hall- belton, to Janet, second daughter of the late tree, to Miss Margaret Pulcon, daughter John Campbell, sen. merchant, Campbelton. of the late Mr Mark Fulton, Bessborough 19. At Barskimming House, Ayrshire, Mains.
William Macdonald, Esq. younger of Se 19. At Clifton, Robert Andrew Riddel, Martin's, Advocate, to Miss Miller, eldest Esq. London, co Miss Miles, daughter of daughter of the Fion. Sir William Miller the late William Miles, Esq. merchant in: of Glenlee, Bart. one of the Senators of the Bristol.
College of Justice. 20. At London, Brigader Gen. the Hon. 20. Ar Haddington, Capt. John Turner, Robert Meade, to Miss Dalling: daughter of the 75th regiment, to Miss Nancy Haof the late General Sir John Dalling, Bart. milton, eldest ciaughter of Lieut. William
21. At' Edinburgh, Mr John Logan, Hamilton, Royal Lanark Militia. Hassington Mains, to MissThomson, daugh. - Ar Aberdeen, Mr Wm. Littlejohn, ter of James Thomson, Esq. of Earnslaw. merchant, to Miss Ann Littlejohn, of Lan.
28. Lord Arthur Somerset, brother to the Duke of Beaufort, to the Hon. Miss Ac Berwick, Lieut. Allao Camerot, Boscawen, daughter of the late Viscoune 9th Veteran Battalion, to Mrs Scott, relict Falmouth.
of Mr Scott, lace teacher of the Academy, 23. At Inverary, Mr James Pollock, Musselburgh. manufacturer in Glasgow, to Miss Ewart, Ac Editonton, Capt. Charles Maleldest daughter of Mr John Ewart, Land. colm of the Royal Navy, to Miss Pasley, surveyor of the Customs at Greenock. daughter of the late C. Pasley, Esq.
27. At Barr, Wigtonshire, John Han- Dr James Gordon, Physician, Old nay, Esq. younger of Crochmore, to Su- Aberdeen, co Miss Helen Ritchie, youngsanna, daughter to John M'Gill, Esq. of est daughter of Mr James Ritchie, Potter. Glencaird.
30. Ac Inverary, Mr Colin M.Kenzie, Mr James Spalding, advocate in A. merchant, to Miss Agnes Campbell. berdeen, to Frances, daughter of the late
- At Lendon, James Moncrieff, Esq. Mr Samuel Read. Advocate, to Miss A. Robertson, youngest
BIRTHS. daughter of the late Capi. G. Robertson, of April 28. At Paris, the Queen of Holland, the Royal Navy.
a son. Respecting the baptism of this inFredy 1. At Easter Elchies, Dr James Gore fant, the following pompous notice is an-h