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quantity of artillery, and the foundery live the King of England -Long live and depot at Seville are perhaps the lar. the King oi Spain : --Long live George gest in Spain. The insurrection com, the Third !--Long live Ferdinand the menced almost at the same moment in Seventh :-Perdition to the French and every part of Spain, and numerous small Bonaparte! The deputies were soon to detachinents of the enemy, and many proceed to join the armies---Sir Thomas officers, had been cut off. The Gibral. Dyer to the Gallician army, and Major tar' letters say, the French armies are Róche to the frontier army of Asturias ;' completely insulated and cut off from but they were previously to be introeach other; all their couriers have been duced to the provincial Assembly of intercepted by the peasantry, and the Gallicia. Two English ships had arridispatches taken, which give the most ved at Gijon, with an immense quantity melancholy accounts of their situation. of muskets, pikes, artillery, and ammu. Sir H. Dalrymple, the deputy-governor nition. of Gibraltar, on the first application of The Revenge, Sir J. Gore, is arrived the Spanish patriots, without waiting at Spithead, with the Spanish commis. for orders from home, immediately sup. sioncts from Cadiz un board. They plied them with 10,000 muskets, 3000 landed amidst the acclamations of the po. barrels of gun-powder, a variety of en- pulace, and the ringing of bells. The trenching tools, and 100,000 dollars in Revenge was decorated with the Spa. money. All the letters from our fleets nish flag, and Sir John and all his officers on the Spanish coasts are filled with ac. wore the cockade of the patriots--red counts of the cordiality with which they with the inscription, “ Long live Ferare received by the Spaniards; every dinand VII." The commissioners are port is open to them, and they receive Admiral Apodaca, and General Jacomie; the most hearty and friendly invitations who was formerly commander at St to enter, but hatred and detestation of Roche, but dismissed for his known inthe French are universal. Sir Thomas timacy with the Duke of Kent, when Dyer, in letters to his friends, expresses his Royal Highness was governor of himself in the most sanguine manner as Gibraltar. They have full powers to to the ultimate success of the Spaniards negotiate and conclude a treaty of peace in this glorious struggle.
and alliance with this country. We
have a number of additional addresses ASTURIAS.
and edicts issued by the provisional goBy the vessel which brought over the verments, &c. Among these is an edict dispatches, we learn that Sir Thomas declaring that all Frenchmen who shall Dyer and Major Roche, sent over by take the oath of allegiance to the preour Government, had arrived at Gijon, sent government, shall enjoy all their and were immediately waited upon by privileges unmolested ; but, if they fail a deputation from the provisional Go. to do so within four days, their properveroment at Oviedo, and afterwards at. ty shall be confiscated. There are also tended a meeting of the Supreme Coun-, tivo proclamations by the governor of cil, by whom they were received with a Cadiz, who, after announcing the surdegree of pomp and enthusiasm difficult render of the French squadron, with the to describe. A letter from Mr Canning, loss, on the part of the Spaniards, of onwhich they carried over, was immedi. ly four men, and doing justice to the paately published; it contained the warm-triotic spirit of the people, has very proest assurances of the cordial co-opera- perly adopted the necessary measures tion of the British Government, and for restraining popular violeace, and enhad raised the minds of the Spaniards to suring due respect to the laws. Among a frenzy of joy. Sir Thomas and the those killed on board the French squae Major were lodged in the palace of the dron at Cadiz, was Captain Martinique, Prince of Asturias at Oviedo ; their of the Algesiras, formerly the Hannibal. table, and the general attention paid The French consul at Cadiz sought prothem, proved the gratitude of the Spa- tection on board the French squadron, nish nation. The great square in front and has not since been heard of. All the of the palace was crowded day and Spanish prisoners, nearly 5000 in num. night with all the males in the city, men ber, sailed from Plymouth on the 13th and boys, in arms, esclaiming, “ Long of July, pouring forth the warmest wishes for the happiness of this country.- the 16th, is midway between Cordova Many of thein took up the sand from and Andujar, and about two miles dis. the beach, kissed it, and put it in their tant from the position occupied by Du. pockets," as a sacred relic or part of the poni's rear. Dupont had been disapcarth of the land of true liberty!" pointed or receiving the supplies which
Respecting the real state of the French had been sent him from Madrid. An armies in Spain, there are so many va- escort of about 800 men had been dis, rious and contradictory accounts, that we patched by Murat, with between 10. are still ar a loss for the truth. It seems, and 200 waggons of provisions and other however, certain, that Ger. Murat,about articles. At Manzanares, in La Mancha, the end of May, dispatched Gen. Du- on the other side of the Morena, they font from Madrid, with a furce of about were attacked by the patriots--two hun. 14,000 men, in order to take possession dred were killed, six hundred were made c Cadiz and Seville. Dupont arrived prisoners, and all the waggons. This at the passes of the Sierra Morena about will probably accelerare his surrender, the ad of June, where he halted for for ot his repassing the Morena there is some days. On the oth, he renewed his little chance, all the passes having been march, and descended from the heights seized by the Patriots, and the roads with great rapidity, when near Corduva, broken up so as to be impassable for on toc 7th, he was attacked by an irre- heavy artillery. gular body of Spaniards, under Gen. Es- From the Last of Spain we have no chavarri, whom he defeated with the loss very clear or official accounts. Those of 1000 men. The Spaniards retreated from Barcelona ail agree in stating that southward to Ecija, and Dupont entered there had been fighting in that town, og Cordova the same evening. The Spanish the 5th, 6th, 7th, and oth--and that the accounts say that this fine city was most French had been severely handled. But cruelly ransacked by the French. On they possess the fort of Monjuic, which the soth, however, Gen. Castanos, Gov. commands the harbour, and is a place of of Andalusia, and commander of the very great strengthe camp at St Roque, who had been ap. In the province of Arragon, the sucpointed General of the army of Andalu. cess of the Spanish patriots is stated to sia by the Supreme Junta of Seville, ar. be more complete. It appears that a sived at Ecija, and took the command body of 10,000 French under Gen. Leof the Spanish army, consisting, with fevic, had marched from Navarre to his own forces which he brought with take possession of Saragossa. They had him, of 21,000 infantry, about 3000 ca. been attacked several times on their valry, and an excellent train of artillery, march by the Spaniards, and lost many which had been drafted from the camp men; but when within two leagues of of St Roque.
Saragossa, on the 16th of June, they Provisions began to fail Dupont soon were met by the main army of Arragon, after he reached Cordova. On the 13th under Gen. Palafox, Governor of that he pushed his advanced corps beyond province, when after a severe battle of the town to get provisions, but was dis- four hours, the French army surrender. appointed. On this occasion three offi. ed prisoners of war. cers, some cadets, and 200 of the Swiss We regret to learn, that the patriotic troops quitted him, and went over to the revolution in Spain has been attended patriots at Carmona. General Castanos with some excesses on the part of the began now to press upon Cordova, and people, which must shock the feelings Dupont, on the 16th, fell back six of our readers. leagues from that town. An officer was It appears that about the 20th of May, then sent to the Spanish General with a when the universal hatred the of French letter from Dupont, proposing to capi. took place among the Spaniards at Cadiz, tulate, upon condition of being allowed Gen. Solano, the
Governor of the place, to retire to France without molestation. issued the furious Proclamation sent him Castanos replied shortly but strongly, by Murat from Madrid, (sce p. 462.) – that nothing short of unconditional sur- The populace,exasperated at the treachrender would be accepted. Dupont fell erous conduct of their Governor, in back to Andujar, and Castanos advanced takiog part against his own couniry, -Aldea, where his oytposts were on resolved upon his destruction, A-being further enraged at the reported ap- BRITISH ORDERS IN COUNCIL proach of French troops, they assembled His Majesty having taken into his and proceeded to the dwelling of Sola- consideration the glorious exertions of no, and demanded arms and animunition. the Spanish nation for the deliverance To prevent their entrance, Solano ap- of their country from the tyranny and peared at the balcony, and admonished usurpation of France, and the assuran.' them to submit to the Government of ces which his Majesty has received from Madrid, to disperse, and prepare for several of the provinces of Spain, of their the celebration of the entry into Spain friendly disposition towards this king. of their new King. The populace be. dom ; his Majesty is pleased, by and came more than ever enraged at this with the advice of his Privy Council, to address, and repeated their demands. order, and it is hereby ordered : Solano retired to consult with some of. First, That all hostilities against Spain, dicers then in his house ; he shortly af- on the part of his Majesty, shall imme. terwards returned to the balcony, and diately cease. again addressed the multitude, and con- Secondly, That the blockade of all cluded by a peremptory refusal of their the ports of Spain, except such as may request. Solano had pistols in his gir- be still in the possession or under con. dle, and his guard of honour was on troul of France, shall be forthwith raise duty-One person from the multitude ed. approached him, and demanded that their Thirdly, That all ships and vessels request might be complied with. So- belonging to Spain shall have free adJano drew one of his pistols from his mission into the ports of his Majesty's girdle, shot the man, and ordered his dominions, as before the present hostiguard to fire on and disperse the mob. lities. The guards fired, but without ball, of Fourthly, That all ships and vessels oourse nu mischief was done. They belonging to Spain, which shall be met were immediately surrounded, disarmed, at sea by his Majesty's ships and cruisand afterwards joined the multitude, ers, shall be treated in the same manner who instantly entered the house. So. as the ships of states in amity with his Jano escaped through the roof, but was Majesty, and shall be suffered to carry found on the top of the adjoining house. on any trade now considered by his He was secured and brought down into Majesty to be lawfully carried on by the street, and was adjudged to be neutral ships. hanged in one of the squares.
On Fifthly, That all vessels and goods being led to his execution, he was belonging to persons residing in the stopped by the executioner, and asked Spanish colonies, which shall be detainif he would have a confessor? -“I ed by any of his Majesty's cruizers after avant no confessor, and I shall die in the date hereof, shall be brought into friendship with the French Emperor.” port, and shall be carefully preserved in This declaration induced a person near safe custody to await his Majesty's fur. to him to give him a severe blow with ther pleasure, until it shall be known a cudgel on the head, which was fol. whether the said colonies, or any of lowed up by others; his brains were them, in which the owners of such ships literally beat out by the mob, and his and goods reside, shall have made combody dissected as that of a traitor. mon cause with Spain against the power
Don Thomas Morla, an officer of of France. much skill and experience, and strongly And the Right Hon. the Lords Comattached to the cause of his country, missioners of his Majesty's Treasury, was the appointed Governor of Cadiz. his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of
A Spanish Grandee, the Marquis de State, the Lords Commissioners of the Helos, having refused to become a Admiralty, and the Judge of the High amember of the new government, was Court of Admiralty, are to take such ordered to be put to death, and the measures herein as to them may ressentence was immediately carried into pectively appertain. execution, allowing him only a few
STEPH. COTTRELL. minutes for confession.
Queen's Palace, July 4. 1868.
TRIAL ex LIEUT.-GzN. WHITELOCKE. when we surrendered. I have before sta
ted, that about 140 men also came into the (Concluded from p. 472.)
house with me of these 100 were killed L JEUT.-Col. Cadogan examined.—"Icom- or wounded."
manded a division of the left wing of Lieut.-Col. Gard examined.-He describthe light brigade on the morning of the at- ed the march of the 45th under himself and tack. When I separated from Lieut.-Col. Col. Nichols, and then occupying the RePack, I proceeded as far as the west side of sidencia, and some adjoining houses, with the Jesuits' College, without any consider. some trifling loss. He then proceeded :able loss of men. When in bringing up “ Hearing a considerable firing on ourJeft, I the light three-pounder attached to my desired Col. Nichols to make the necessary column, in order to force an entrance into arrangements for the occupation of the the principal gateway, the enemy sudden- Residencia, and acquainted him that I would is appeared in great numbers at every win. take the grenadier company with me, and dow, and on the top of this building, and reconnoitre the position of Gen. Craufurd's from the barracks on the opposite side of brigade, and return to him immediately: 1 the street, and at the end of the street, with accordingly set out by the street by which some ordnance. On a sudden, the whole I had entered the town, and turning to my of the leading conipany of my column, and right, came into one that led directly to the men and horses at the guir
, were killed the great square. I proceeded about 30 or or disabled. It was absolutely impossible 40 yards, and came to a very large house, to possess ourselves of this very eligible si- which I thought it would be prudent to cuation, and to penetrare farther up the occupy with my small detachment. I therestreet, I was therefore obliged to fall back, fore proceeded to break open the door, and and throw myself, and about 140 men, into finding it very difficult to effect, I sent a house about 140 yards from the Jesuits' back my Adjutant with a few files to the College. The remaining part of the column Residencia, for the purpose of obtaining dispersed into several houses adjoining; and the assistance of tools. He had scarcely those that were unable to enter were in ge- returned, when I was joined by a piquet of Deral either killed or wounded. After hav. the riflemen which had left me in the ing held some conference with Lieut.-Col. morning, and had entered the town with Pack respecting my remaining in so had a the light baccalion. The officer commandpost, I thought it my duty to detach an of. ing them brought me Gen. Craufurd's orficer and ten men to communicate to Ge- ders to charge down the street with the neral Craufurd respecting the post I then grenadier company, supported by this pioccupied, and the cousequence that might quet. I accordingly did so, and met for Tesult from his approaching the town in some little time with no other opposition the same manner. I have since learned, than the discharge of a heavy piece of orde that every man of this detachment was ei- nance twice which had been posted at the ther killed or wounded in opening this other end of the street. i advanced, how. communication, and that the officer with ever, towards the centre of the town, and great difficulty escaped. I defended this I found the tops of the houses crowded post for nearly three hours, with the loss of with the enemy, who opened a smart fire a serjeant and 15 men killed, and five offi- of musketry on us as we passed. When I ters and 82 wounded. An officer from the had got about half a mile, finding the men enemy then appeared with a flag of truce, considerably out of breath, and the great as I conceived, with no other object than difficulty of our moving forward from the a summons to me to surrender the troops increased fire, I drew off my men to a immediately opposed to him; and, having street on the right. Seeing Col. Pack with consulted the other officers of my division, some of the light battalion approaching toI agreed to give him a parley. The firing wards the church of St Doniingo, I crossed from the top of my post was ordered to the street on purpose to consult him, as, cease, and, availing themselves of this cir- from his local knowledge, he was perfectcumstance, the enemy poured in numbers ly acquainted with our situation, as to the around my post, when finding the few men practicability of any further advance thro' I had effective, and finding further resist. The streets leading towards the square. He ance in vain, I surrendered with the con- cold me, that it would be impossible for currence of the rest of the officers. The me to reach the square without the loss of officers were then marched under an escort the greater part of my detachment; I thereto the citadel, and the men carried off to fore returned back, and found Gen. Crausome prison. I think about 250 of my di- furd, with several companies of light infanvision only were up at the Jesnits' College, try and riflemen, together with a fieldand about 40 only were able to march piece, in the same street with my decachJuly 1808.
ment. I remained under his orders during said he could, but the General answered, the rest of the day. I had no intention of that it would serve no purpose to go on jowing him until I received his orders to with any operations in Souin America, as that effect. I received no instructions as they had not a single friend in the country, to any future operations after I had occu- and the prisoners would be all cut to pieces, pied the Residencia. I conceived I was to it any thing further were attempted against maintain that post.
the town. The Admiral said, he thought Lieut.-Col. Nichols examined.--" I com- they could do something more, and hesitainanded the left wing of the 45th regi- ted for some time; but, upon the situation ment. The wings of the regiment never of affairs being more fully explained to him joined, after leaving our ground, until the by Gen. Gower, who assured him that bec. arrival of both at the Residencia. Qf the ter terms could not be obtained, he consen. operations until the middle of the follow. ted to sign the treaty. ing day (the 6th) my public letter to Gen, Capt. Davenport, of the 6th Dragoon Whitelocke will give an account. (This Guards, described the advance of that reletter was read. It gave a very flattering giment, and its being obliged to retreat account of the success of Col. Nichols' o. with considerable loss. Col. Kingston was perations against the enemy, who had filed killed in leading them on. from him in all directions, leaving him in Captain Frazer, of the artillery, stated, possession of the Residencia, with a great that, by Gen. Whitelocke's desire, he renumber of brass guns, ammunition, &c. mained by his person the whole day. The with two or three days provision.) This General was at the Coral the whole of the Jetter was sent by Capt. Whittingham. In 5th, except when he went to White's hoase about half an hour after his departure, the for about half an hour. It was impossible, gnemy collected again, and threatened a se- from the spot on which the General walkcond attack, but their own cannon being ed, to see any thing of the town or its en. discharged upon them, they retired. A
The General employed himself bout four in the evening, Gen. Gower sent in giving orders to the few mounted dra. me two lines to inform me that hostilities goons that were around him to gallop after had been suspended until further orders." -- a few miserable individuals, who were fly. The rest of Col. N.'s narrative is immate- ing out of the town to escape the assault, rial. In reply to several questions, he de. With the exception of the few scattered scribed the position and strength of the shots occasioned by the execution of these Residencia; he said a communication with orders, there was nothing like an alarm in the beach might have been easily opened
the post occupied by Gen. Whitelocke from it; that, if he had had artillery, he and his reserve that day. On the General's could have dislodged some of the parties that proceeding to White's house about dusk, pressed upon Gen. Crąufurd; that a sein- he gave orders for a strong guard to be forcement from the troops under General posted on the roof and around the house, Whitelocke or Col. Mahon would have ena. in order to protect his person, and then bled him to communicate with Gen. Crau- went to sleep. The wtiness thought the furd, and that he knew of no serious ob- General was very silent and reserved. In stacle to prevent such a reinforcement reply to severai questions, Captain F. stated Teaching him, had orders for that purpose that he expressed it as his opinion that the
Plaza afforded every facility for the erecAdmiral Murray examined. He was of tion of batteries against Buenos Ayres. opinion that a combined attack by the army The most eligible situation was marked out and navy would haye been practicable and by himself and Capt. Squires. At the Plaza, expedient, but no such plan was ever pro Gen. Whitelocke asked him in a general posed, nor was he ever consulted, nor had way as to the possibility of erecting bato he any knowledge of the plan of attack.- teries? He replied, that there was abunŞix gun-boats and two schooners of easy dance of ammunition and stores, and he draught of water might have been employ- pledged himself that they should succeed, ed against the town. He believed that and bring 36 pieces of artillery to play uGen. Whitelocke had not the most distant pon the inwn next morning. Objections idea of any assistance from the navy, ex- were started, that some of the heaviest guns cept in supplying the arıny with provisions, were spiked. He replied, that he would be if in want of them. The witness went a- responsible that they should soon be unshore on the morning of the 7th, when spiked. It was observed, that the citadel Gen. Whitelocke informed him of the dis- could not be set fire to, he replied, that asters of the army, and described the terms the experiment might be made, and that at ofered by Liniers as extremely advanta- all events the enemy must be dislodged geous. He also asked if he could have any from that quarter of the city. The dis19:0peration from the peeg. The Admiral tance from the Plaza to the citadel was