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hat the great distance which separates to be insulted by injuries—the most per. Portugal from the seat of government fidious, immoral, and disgraceful; com. in France, does not permit his watch mitted in the face of the whole world, jag over the concerns of our country and submit to the most humiliating sla. with the same care and solicitude as o- very prepared for it? No, noble Galli. ver the interests of his other subjects, cians, such are not the dictates of your and that he knew the difficulty of in. noble minds. Glowing with the most trusting a great power over 'distant virtuous ardour and noblest enthusiasm, countries to other hands. His Majesty you have already expressed your sentispoke to us with some displeasure, but ments, worthy of the praise and imitawithout any great warmth, of the Prince tion of all. Spaniards. You rather wish who governed us, and of his Royal race. to die, than to see your independence He principally treated of the means of trampled under foot, your religion de. raising us to our due station ainong the stroyed, your King in captivity, and powers of the Continent of Europe, and your country threatened with a yoke of delivering us from the yoke of Bri- equally burdensome and unjust. Quicktish influence, under which we had,du. en the generous sentiments of your noble ring so many years suffered. His Ma. minds. Fly to arms, ruqt like that monjesty said, that he would endure no En. ster, to indulge an inordinate ambition ; glish colony on the Continent. Finally, not like him, to violate the rights of hua he declared, that our fate was in our manity and the law of nations; not to own hands; that it depended on the dis- render us odious to mankind, not to of. position which we should manifest to fend a generous and friendly nation, the world, the uprightness, with which ruled by a monster already become inwe should embrace the general cause of sufferable upon earth. Fly to arms, to the Continent of Europe, and the firmassist your countrymen; to rescue your ness with which we should resist temp- King from captivity; to restore to our tations to mislead us from the objects Government liberty, energy, and vigour; in view. See, these are the tokens by to preserve your lives and those of your which his Imperial and Royal Majesty children ; to maintain the uncontrouled will recognise whether you are worthy right of enjoying and disposing of your to constitute a nation, support a throne, property, to assert the independence and have a Prince who will govern-you, of your native soil; and, above all, to and fill a rank among the powers of defend your sacred religion. Employ Earope."
the arms which she tenders ; arm your The Portuguese Deputations have re- nuinds with the fear of God; implore the paired from Bayonne to Bourdeaux, with aid of the immaculate conception, and the exception of M. de Lima, Ambas- the glorious apostle St James, our pasador of Portugal in France, who has tron; and, confident of success in so remained at Bayonne, in order to give glorious a cause, rush forth co grasp the bis Majesty information concerning the victory which is prepared for you by establishments of the country.
their intercession, and the justice off
your cause. IMPORTANT SPANISH DOCUMENTS. " The Council.General of the Princi. Published by the Patriotic Chiefs.
pality must not lose a moment to pub.
lish the following letter, which has been The first is an address, dated Corun- just received from their-King Ferdinand na, June 4. Isos, and signed Don Ma. VII.and.the authenticity of which is astuel Acha, as Secretary 8f the kingdom certained by one of the Members of the of Gallicia, and the Council.General of Council, who possesses the most un. Government ; in which, after describing questionable knowledge thereof. On the treachery of the French in introdu- the first cover is the superscription cing their troops even into their capital, “ To the Royal Assemblage of Oviedo." and taking possession of their fortresses. The second is superscribed—“To the in the quality of an intimate friend and Chief of Arms of Asturias." ally, it continues
“Noble Asturians I am surrounded i Shall a cultivated, brave, and gene. on all sides, and a victim of perfidy.-Tous nation, bend it's neck under the You saved Spain under worse circumfoke of perfidy?
--Shall it allow itself stances than the present. Being now July 1808.
prisoner, I demand not from you the their promises, and there exists no right Crown, but I require that, concerting which they have not violated. To arms, a well-digested plan with the neighbour Asturians, to arms! Let us not forget, ing provinces, you do assert your liber. that Asturias, at the time of another in: ty, and not submit to a foreign yoke, vasion, which undoubtedly was less un. nor subject yourselves to the treache. just, restored the monarchy. Let us as. rous enemy, who despoils of his rights pire to the same glory on the present your unfortnnate
occasion. "Let us recollect, thai no fo. PRINCE FERDINAND. reign nation could ever lord over us, Bayonne, May 8. 1808."
whatever exertion it may have made for that purpose:
Let us offer up our “ To expressions so energetic and im. pressive the Council ought not to add prayers to the God of Hosts. Let us any observation; but with the most implore the intercession of our lady of poignaut grief they mingle their tears battles, whose image is worshipped in with those of their beloved and faithful and, perfectly sure that she cannot for
the most ancient temple of Covadonga countrymeni, to whom the letter is com.
sake us in so just a cause, let us rush municated. “ JUAN ARGUELLER TORAL, late and drive out of our peninsula a
upon our detestable enemy, and annihiActing Sec.
people so base and treacherous. This * Oviedo, May 26. 1$08."
demand is addressed to you, in the name
of your representatives, by the ProcuraProclamation of the Council General of the tor General of the Principality, Principality.
ALVARO FLOREZ ESTAUDA. Loyal Asturians!-Beloved Country. men, your first wishes are already ful. Then follows a Manifesto from the filled. The principality, discharging province of Arragon, signed by Palafox, those duties which are most sacred to the Captain-General, and Governor of men, bas already formally declared war the province, it which it is stated, that, against France. You may perhaps " Providence has preserved in Arragon dread this vigorous resolution.
But an immense quantity of muskets, ammuwhat other measure could or ought wc nition, and artillery, which have not to adopt? Shall there be found one treacherously been sold, or delivered to single man among us who prefers the the enemies of our repose." It then vile and ignominious death of slaves, to proceeds "Fear not, Arragonians ; let the glory of dying on the field of ho- us defend the most just of causes, and nour, with arms in his hand, defending we shall be invincible. The enemy's our unfortunate Monarch, our homes, troops now in Spain are not able to with. our children, and our wives? If the stand our efforts. Wo betide them, very moment when those bands of ban. should they ever dare to repeat in any ditti were receiying the kindest offices other Spanish town what they did in and favours from the inhabitants of our Madrid on the 2d May, sacrificing with capital, they murdered in cold blood out pity, and calling those seditious and upwards of 2000 people, for no other assassins, of whom they had but very reason than their having defended their lately received honours and favours, insulted brethren, what could we expect which they did not deserve. Bayonne from them, had we submitted to their has witnessed and will remember the dominion Their perfidious conduct to acts of violence, which, after a long sewards our King and his whole family, ries of treacheries and frauds, have been whom they deceived and carried into committed.”—It concludes by declarFrance, under the promise of an eternal ing, armistice, in order to chain them all, bas 1. That the French Emperor, all the no precedent in history. Their conduct individuals of his family, and every towards the whole nation is more ini- French general and officer, shall be perquitous than we had a right to expect sonally responsible for the safety of the from a horde of Hottentots. They have king, and of his brother and uncle. profaned our temples : tliey have insult. 2. That, in case any violence should ed our religion; they have assailed our be attempted against lives so valuable, wives; in fine, they have broken all in order that Spain may not be without
i King, the nation will make use of their address of Seville will probably be the elective right in favour of the Archduke cry and watchword of all the Patriots, Charles, as nephew of Charles III. in “ Vengeance for the Spanish blood spilt case that the Frince of Sicily, or the In- at Madrid!" fant Don Pedro, and the other heirs, should not be able to concur.
The following spirited Declaration of 3. That, should the French army War against France; has been issued by commit any robberies, devastation, and the Junta at Seville. murders; either in Madrid or any other town invaded by the French troops,
Declaration of War against the Esrperor of they shall be considered as guilty of high
France, Napoleon the First. treason, and no quarter shail be given to FERDINAND the Seventh, King of Spain any of them.
and the Indies, and in his name, the 4. That whatever may hereafter be Supreme Junta of both. done in Bayonne, shall also be consi. France, under the government of the dered as pull and void ; and all who shall Emperor Napoleon the First; has vio. take an active part in the like transac- lated towards Spain the most sacred tipus, shall be deemed traitors to their compacts-has arrested her Monarchs-country
obliged them to a forced and manifestly 5. That all the transactions which void abdication and renunciation ; has have hitherto taken place shall be con- behaved with the same violence towards sidered as illegal, void, and extorted by the Spanish Nobles, whom he keeps in violence, which is known to be practi. his power-has declared that he will esed in both places.
lect a King of Spain, the most horrible 6. That all deserters of the French attempt that is recorded in historysny, who shall present themselves, has sent his troops into Spain, seized her shall be admitted in Arragon, and treat. fortresses and her capital, and scattered ed with that generosity which forms a his troops throughout the country prominent feature of the Spanish nation. hias committed against Spain all sorts of al character; they shall be disarmed assassinations, robberies, and unheard-of and conducted to this capital, where cruelties: and this he has done with the they may enlist with our troops. most enormous ingratitude to the servi.
7. All other provinces and kingdoms ces which the Spanish nation has renof Spain, not yet invaded by the enemy, dered to France, to the friendship it has are invited to meet by deputies at Ter- shewn her, thus treating it with the mal
, or any other suitable place, to no- most dreadful perfidy, fraud, and treachminate a Lieutenant General, whose or. ery, such as was never committed aders shall be obeyed by the particular gainst any nation or monarch by the chiefs of the different kingdoms. most barbarous or ambitious king of
8. The foregoing Manifesto shall be people. He has, in fine, declared, that printed and published in the whole king, he will trample down our Monarchy, dom of Arragon, and it shall also be cir- our fundamental laws, and bring about culated in the capitals and principal the ruin of our holy Catholic religion. places of all the provinces and kingdoms The only remedy, therefore, for such
grievous ills, which are so manifest to Given at the Head-quarters of Sara- all Europe, is in war, which we declare gossa, the 31st May 1808.
against him. PALAFOX,
In the naine therefore of our King, Gov. and Capt.-Gen. of the
Ferdinand the Seventh, and of all the
Spanish nation, we declare war by sea kingdom of Arragon.
and land against the Emperor Napoleon Then follow the address to the Bis. the First, and against France ; we are cagans of Seville to the people of Ma- determined to throw off her domination drid to the French soldiers, inviting and tyranny, and command all Spathera to abandon so infamous a cause, Aiards to act hostilely against her, to do and range themselves under the Spanish her all possible damage, according to standard---of Valladolid to all the pro. the laws of war, to place an embargo vinces--of the kingdom of Gallicia to upon all French ships in our ports, and the inhabitants. --one sentence in the all property and effects, in whatever
part of Spain they may be, whether be. IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS
Don Alvaro Florez Estrada, Procuratos manner, we command, that no embar. General of the Principality of Astue rassment normolestation be done to rias, made the following proposition the English nation, nor its Government,
to the Supreme Council :nor its ships, property, or effects, nor The General Council of the Princi. any individual of that nation. We de- pality of Asturias do not dclay a mo. clare that there shall be an open and ment in making known to the pub. free communication with England; that lic the daily proofs they receive of the we have contracted, and will keep an friendship of the English Government armistice with her, and that we hope to and nation, who, in order the better to conclude a durable and lasting peace. enable to supply all our wants, have
Moreover, we protest, we will not promptly sent to this capital a military lay down our arms till the Emperor Committee, composed of three officers Napoleon the First has restored to Spain of distinction, who, this morning, preour King Ferdinand the Seventh, and sented themselves before the Supreme the rest of the Royal Family; has res. Council, not only to assure us that all pected the sacred rights of the nation the supplies and succour which we which he has violated, and her liberty, pointed out to them might be daily exintegrity, and independence. With the pected in our ports; but also to offer, same understanding, and accordance in the name of their Government, to with the Spanish nation, we command this principality, and to the rest of the that the present solemn declaration be Spanish nation, all other assistance we printed, posted, and circulated among might stard in need of; to send its all the people and provinces of Spain troops, noney, arms, and ammunition, and America, that it may be known in and other warlike stores, and to make Europe, Africa, and Asia.
a common cause with us, in order that Given in the royal palace of Alcazar, we might be able to repel and destroy at Seville, this 6th of June 1808. the common enemy. That generous By order of the Supreme Junta of nation deserves the utmost gratitude on Government,
our part; but as it offers its protection MANUEL MARIA AGUILAR, Sec.
to all the provinces which defend the JUAN BAUTISTA PARDO, Sec.
good cause, it will know, on the other
hand, frow to employ all its power aPROCLAMATION.
gainst those provinces, which, guided His Majesty Don Fernando, the King by a pernicious selfishness or apparent of Spain and of the Indies, and in his timidity, are forgetful of their duty, in royal name, the General Assembly of the present critical circumstances in this principality (Asturias,) proclaims a which the country is placed, do not enpeace with England, and a close alli. deavour, in imitation of the real Pa. ance with that generous nation, which triors, to defend the glorious cause, and has offered to us all the assistance we shake off a disgraceful yuke. The Surequire to support us in the war with
preme Council think it right to declare France; and we assure his Britannic Ma- to the public that they felt the liveliest jesty, that we consider ous a common emotions of gratitude and respect, when cause with his own, to destroy the ty. they heard the Commissioners give them ranny of Napoleon. We also proclaim the assurance, that it was their anxious peace with Sweden; and we command wish to shed the last drop of their blood that all our ports be opened to the ves. fighting with our brethren in defence of sels of either nation, and tbat notice be the common cause. transmitted to all the public function.
ALVARO FLOREZ ESTRADA. aries, and be published by proclamation, with all due solemnity, in this capitai. Oviedo, the 30th June 1808.
By order of the Supreme Council of Asturias,
And it having been resolved, that the JUAN ARGUELLER TORAL, preceding proposition be printed and
Representative and Secretary. circulated through all the districts of the Oviedo, June 21. 1808.
principality, we communicate it also
to you for your information. God keep have that peace, and that renunciation you many years in his holy guard. of the sovereignty of the seas, for which
IGNACIO FLOREZ VARDEE. they had been so long contending!!
JUAN ARGUELLER TORAL, So much for the French accounts.
Representative and Secretary. The contents of the dispatches of our Oviedo, the 30th June 1808.
commanders will be found incorporated
with the accounts received thro' other The British dispatches, which were channels, in the following general view published in the London Gazette of the of the events that have occurred in the th, consist of extracts of letters from several provinces, and of their situation General Spencer, dated off Ayamonte, at the date of the latest advices, in which June 17th, and off Lagos, June 21st ; we shall carefully distinguish what is, from Lord Collingwood, dated off Cadiz, from what is not, official. June 14th and 15th ;-from Captain ANDALUSIA.--Lord Collingwood's dis. Digby, of the Cossack, dated off St An. patches announce, as might be expected, dero, June 25th ;-and from Captain the surrender of the French squadron at Creyke, of the Eclipse, dated off Opor. Cadiz, consisting of two ships of 84 and to, June 20th. Before we proceed to three of 74 guns, and a frigate. “ The analyze their contents, we shall present Spaniards having constructed an addi. our readers with the information, such tional battery of 30 heavy guns, and as it is, to be found in the French and numerous gun and bomb vessels having Dutch papers :
taken their stations, the French ships The French scribes modestly admit struck their colours on the morning of that some disturbances did lately exist the 14th June, and those of Spain were in Spain, but they were merely popular immediately hoisted. The French ships excesses, in which the respectable inha. were not at all injured, as the Spaniards bitants took no share, and tranquillity is wanted them for their own use, nor had completely restored in the districts of there been much loss of men on either Segovia, Valladolid, Placentia, Valen. side. The French crews were immecia, and in part of Navarre and Arra- diately sent to prison. The Spanish gon. The Government at Madrid was Admiral and another commissioner, ap. acknowledged throughout all the pro- pointed by the Council of Seville, to vinces, and its proclamations duly pro- go to England, were embarked on board mulgated, and every where received the Revenge, Sir J. Gore, who having with rapture. King Joseph was about been stationed near the shore, and hato make his public entry, and the day ving had much intercourse with the of his coronation would be speedily an- chiefs during the late operations, could nounced! As for Cadiz, never was the give ample information respecting the public wanquillity disturbed there for state of affairs. The Council had also even a moment! Such was the enthu. applied to Lord Collingwood for passsiasm of their attachment to the French, ports for a Spanish frigate and four disand such their deadly detestation of the patch vessels, to carry information and English, that nothing would satisfy them instructions to the several governments short of their going out, in concert with and presidencies in the West Indies ; that of Admiral Rossily, to fight and they also requested that a sloop of war beat the English feet!! This clumsy might take out oficers to that country, fiar, however, adds, that strong divisions whose presence there was important; of French troops are daily passing thro' they preferred this to their going in a Bourdeaux, and proceeding by forced Spanish vessel, as it would convey a marches to join the army in Spain ! A. proof of their connexion with Great Brimong other similar expedients to deceive tain," the French, and intimidate the Spaniards, General Spencer, in his last dispatch, an official note, bearing the signature of gives a brief recapitulation of the events Champagny, the Minister of the Inte. which led to the present state of affairs rior, has been circulated at Bayonne, in Spain, but there is nothing new in it. and inserted in all the French papers, The regular troops in Andalusia he stating that the King of England was states to have been long ago from 15 dead, that his successor has dismissed to 20,000, and 60,000 armed peasants. the Ministry, and that France would soon They had nearly 4000 cavalry and a large