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By virtue of a mandate of his Im- rors, which might produce incalculable perial and Royal Highness the Grand evils, if the supreme authority did not Duke of Berg, dated the 22d of May, hasten to destroy them in the birth.the existing Commission of Consolida. The Junta are confident, that those who, tion of the Royal Vales is abolished. at all times, and on all occasions, have The commission is in future to be com- listened with respect to the voice of posed of the President of Government, their Magistrates, will not less incline of the Supreme Council of Castile, two their ear, and display submission, when Ministers of the same Council, a Min the question is for them, either to see nister of the Council of the Indies, and cure their prosperity for ever, by unitof the Council of the Factory, and a Se. ing themselves with the first authorities cretary.-The functions entrusted to of the State, or to labour for the des. this commission are to secularise and truction of their native land, by lending sell, as far as is requisite, the church themselves to those commotion's, into lands, and to dispatch all other pressing which the eternal enemies of the glory business."
and prosperity of Spain seek to throw The Bayonne Gazette gives the fol. them. lowing account of the introduction of At a moment when, in Spain, a counthe Spanish Deputation to their new try so highly favoured by nature, but master:
impoverished, exhausted, and disgraced « On the 2d of June, his Majesty re- in the eyes of all Europe, by the deceived at his levee the Deputation of the fects and misrule of its Government, Grandees of Spain, and had a very long the period of its complete annihilation conference with them. Among the Mem. was approaching ; when the very efforts bers who constitute this deputation, are which had been made for the renewal of mentioned Prince Castel Franco, the its debilitated powers had only served Duke del Parque, the Duke of Ossuna, to aggravate its disasters, and to plunge the MarquisofSanta Cruce, and the Count it in new misfortunes ; when, in short, of Santa Colonna. On the 3d, his excel. 110 longer any hope remained, Provi. lency Don d'Azanza, Minister of Fi. dence had presented us with the means, nance, presented to his Majesty the De not only of averting the destruction of putation of the Council of the Indies our country, but even of raising it to a and of the Council of Finance. His degree of prosperity and splendour which Majesty conversed two hours with the it never reached, even in the most ilMembers of this deputation, concern- lustrious periods of its history. By one ing the changes and improvements which of those political revolutions which a. the welfare of Spain requires, in the o: maze those only who are inattentive to pinion of all intelligent persons. The the progress of events, the House of Deputies of the Extraordinary Junta Bourbon saw itself driven from those are daily arriving."
thrones which it possessed in Europe, On the 161h of June, the day after except that of Spain, the only one which the Assembly of the Notables was held, it still retained. After having reduced the following extraordinary Proclama. the nation to the last stage of weakness tion was published at Bayonne, in name and decay, deprived of that support of the Supreme Junta of the Govern. which they have hitherto derived from ment, (as it is termed,)—a composition the other branches of their family, those the most insulting to the Spanish nation, relations could not be maintained whicii and evidently the manufacture of one of had before united them with France, Napoleon's secretaries :
it became impossible for the Bourbons PROCLAMATION,
to maintain themselves on a throne, from By the Superior Junta of the Government. political system obliged them to des.
which all the intervening changes of the SPANIARDS ! - The Superior Junta of cend. The mightiest Prince in Europe the Government, consisting of the first has received the abdication of the BourMagistrates of the nation, this day as- bons, not to incorporate your territory sembled, address you in order to re- with his own kingdom, which is alreamove the errors which the evil disposed dy so extensive, but to establish the and the ignorant endeavour to make Spanish Monarchy on a new basis, thus you believe and cherish. Wretched es. employing his irrésistible power for the
purpose of operating those wholesome Spain ; what can they expect from your seforms which we have long wished for, impotent efforts ? Is it to defend the It it with this view that he has sum. laws on which you make your future moned the Deputies of the cities, of the prosperity to depend? Who then thinks. provinces, and of the State Councils, of annulling thein ? On the contrary, is. into his illustrious presence, in order to it not in contemplation to restore to the consult them with regard to those fun- nation its ancient freedom and original damental laws which must form the se. constitution, a blessing which it has one curity of sovereign authority, and of the ly been permitted us within these few fidelity of the subjects. He will place days to think of? Mistaken inhabitants the Crown of Spain on the head of a no- of the provinces, what are you doing? bie-minded Prince, who will know how Will you bring down upon your heads all to attach to himself all hearts by the the horrors of war, see your fields laid worth of his character: He will exert waste, your cities burnt, your inhabi. means which no other man has in his tants destroyed? Think you that a tu. power, and soon place Spain in that multuous levy of brave inhabitants, sank from which she has falles, by the without military skill, without chiefs, weakaess alone of those Princes who without money, without magazines, have hitherto governed her. When the without provisions, will be able to witha morning of our prosperity dawns, is it stand experienced armies, and soldiers possible to conceive that men, incapa. grown old in the habits of victory ?ble of the high destiny prepared for The Junta still flatters itself that you them, who lay claim to the honourable will reflect on the fatal consequences title of trueSpaniards, and upright which your first steps must infallibly friends of their country, should seek to produce, if unfortunately a foolish oba deceive you, and give us up to all the stinacy prevent your quickly returning horrors of civil war, at the very mo- to the path of submission and patrio ment when the hero, who is the authar tism, which a moment of terror has perof our present blessings, and must be mitted you to desert. And to convince the wonder of posterity, was fully em you that this only object is the bettes ployed in the developement of those to instruct you, that the Prince who plans which he had formed for the pros adores them, that the Emperor of the perity of Spain. Certainly the Junta of French, who holds our destinies in his the Government wish to remove this bands, has no other view than to proerror on the part of the Spaniards, so mote your prosperity, the Junta will praiseworthy for their patriotism; and, make known to you the intentions of in the meau time, they at present see the new Sovereign who comes to rule with pain, that some persons, led away you. Hear and judge :-The Cortes, by an inconsiderate zeal, and by the these ancient sureties of your freedom, anxieties of a mistaken loyalty, that will be re-established, more powerful others, misled with respect to the true and better constituted than they had situation of their country, and above ever been; they shall be assembled at all, by the secret agents of a hostile na. least every three years, and as often as fion, actuated by envy of the prosperity the wants of the nation shall make their of the Continent, have been able to assembling necessary. The yearly exo lead into a spirit of error a part of the penditure of the Royal Establishment good inhabitants of some of the provin- shall be limited; the sum taken out of ces, and to sow the seeds of disunion the Royal Treasury for that purpose and insurrection. Brave Spaniards ! shall never be encreased; it shall only shall you permit yourselves to be de- be half of what has hitherto been approceived by their deceitful pretences -- priated to the same purpose. The RoUnderstand you not, that those who in man Catholic religion shall be exclu. such critical circumstances become the sively that of Spain ; no other worship apostles of insurrections, and counsel shall be permitted. Finally, the Junta you to disobey your superiors, are the of Government have strong reasons to truc enemies of your country? What hope, that the personal contributions, do these exciters of uproars and dissen- levied during the present war, will be siot aim at? Is it the restoration of considerably diminished, in conseyour old Monarchs. These are out of, quence of the improvements which the
new Government intends to make in suspended the punishment of the guilty, the mode of its collection; and while but that punishment will be terrible, if the wariike and political situation of the traitorous suggestions of the evil. Europe will require the greatest exer. disposed should have more power over tion for encreasing our marine, the di. the minds of the Spaniards, than the mninution of our land forces may be paternal voice of their magistrates, their hoped for. Add to this, that useful re- clergy, and all their authorities, civil and forms will be gradually made in all the military. departments, public credit shall be resto. red, the debt shall be fixed, and paid off We come now to the arrival at Bay. in a few years.
onne of that illustrious person who (acThe administration of justice shall be cording to Bonaparte's phrase) resembles made certain by invariable rules. The him, and who is to receive the Crown of sovereign authority shall not be permit. Spain. This is no less than his brother ted to influence its course. Agriculture Joseph, King of Napies. He set out will be encouraged, commerce animat. froin Naples on the bih of May, at six cd, and population increased. The are o'clock in the morning, but the object my and jizvy will resume their ancient of his journey was kept a secret ;--he lustre; all the means calculated to se- only gave out that he was going to Mia cure general prosperity will be put in lan for the sake of bis Queen's health, motioli. Judge then, whether it is your the air of Naples being too hot. Joseph interest to draw your swords, in order arrived at Bayonne on the sth of June, that your own happiness and that of and the following account is given of your posterity may be prevented, and his reception by the Grandees of Spain: whether those who light up the fire of His Majesty King Joseph Napoleon discord among you aie true Spaniards, arrived on the 7th June at nine o'clock and friends of their country. You at Pau. As soon as the Emperor was in. know, Spaniards, the destiny which a. formed of it, he repaired from the Casa waits you, if you preserve among your- tle of Marrac to meet his Serene Broselves tranquillity and order. If you ther. His Majesty met the King two heartily unite with your Government, miles from Bayonne, and brought him every thing tends to your benefit, and in his carriage to Marrac, where he approximates the moment when your passed the evening. Her Majesty the happiness shall cominence; but if you Empress, attended by her ladies in wait. forget this wholesome advice of the Jun- ing, met the King on the steps of the ta, you may justly dread the wrath of palace. Immediately afterwards, the a Monarch, who will punish a blind and Deputation of the Grandees of Spain, obstinate criminality with as much se- with the Duke del Infantado at their verity as he would nobly forgive the er- head, had the honour of being presentror of a momeni. Are you ignoranted to King Joseph Napoleon, by his exthat numerous French armies are alrea. cellency M. Azanza, Minister of Fidy in Spain? Do you not know that nance for the kingdom of Spain. The still more numerous armies are now President of the deputation made the crossing the frontiers? The provinces following speech to the King : which do not immediately return to their duty will be occupied by French " We feel the most lively joy in pre. troops, and treated with all the severity senting ourselves before your Majestya of martial law. The Lieut.-General has The presevce of your Majesty is neces. already given orders for several divisary to the re-establishment of our coupsions to advance and punish the rebelli. try:- The Grandees of Spain have at ous; but the Junta of the Government, all times distinguished themselves by wishing to save several provinces, in their fidelity towards their sovereigns. which disturbances have commenced, Your Majesty shall meet with the same from the danger which threatens them, integrity and the same fidelity towards have, on the application, and in the your person. May your Majesty be name of these provinces, acknowledged pleased to accept our homage with the their error, and promised to return to same benignity of which you have giorder, his Imperial Highness has graci. ven so many testimonies to your subously accepted their request. He has jects of the kingdom of Naples."
To this his Majesty answered :- grant that these wishes may be fulfilled,
“ That he should devote himself al- and that your Majesty may be the haptogether to the government of Spain; piest monarch in the whole world !" that all his endeavours should be em- His Majesty discoursed a considerable ployed to bring order into the finances, time with the Deputation, concerning and re-organise the naval and military the various establishments of the kingforce ; that Spain might rely upon the dom. He remarked a great resemblance preservation of her rights; that he would between the laws of Spain and those of Tale ovly by virtue of the laws; and the kingdom of Naples. finally, the Grandees of Spain might be The deputations of the Council of assured of his especial protection.” the Inquisition, of the Indies, and Fi.
Messieurs Urquijo and Zevallos were nances, were presented to the King of then admitted to an audience of his Spain. Majesty, who conferred with them a His Majesty said to the Deputies of considerale time concerning the affairs the Inquisition, that “ he considered of the kingdonn.
the worship of God as the basis of all The Deputation of the Council of morality, and of general prosperity; Castile was afterwards introduced, and that other countries allowed of diffeinade the following speech :
rent forms of religion, but that he consis “Sire! the Council of Castile, the dered it as the felicity of Spain that she first of the Supreme Courts of Justice had but one, and that the true one." of the Spanish nation, having at their His Majesty answered the Council head Don Manuel de Lardizabal, Don of the Indies, that “ he should not cona Joseph Colon, the eldest of the deputa- sider America as a colony, but as an tion, has the honour to offer its homage integral part of Spain, and that its wel. to your Majesty, and to testify its espco fare would be as dear to him as chat of cial joy at the happy and wished for ac, his European states." cession to the throne of Spain of the His Majesty answered the Council Serene Brother of the Great Napoleon, of Finances, that “ he well knew he had whose fame has eclipsed the glory of an- much to effect in this branch; that the tiquity. Your Majesty has merited his pay of the soldiers and sailors was se. choice, and your Serene Person unites veral months in arrears, but that he hopthe sublime qualities which support and ed, with the help of his faithful Spas strengthen thrones.
piards, that he should be able to pro. " Your Majesty constitutes a part of vide a remedy for all these evils." the family destined by providence to go- The Deputation of the Military Force vern. The fame of your deeds has stretch of Spain, with the Duke del Parque at ed itself over the Pyrennees, and spread its head, then addressed the King, who over all Spain.
answered, that he had confidence in the “ Noble Spaniards ! indulge in hope. fidelity and attachment of the Spanish The Catholic worship shall not suffer soldiery.-“ I consider it (he added) the least wrong. It shall retain all iis an honour to be the first soldier of the purity, and be the sole religion in the army, and were it necessary, as in ancountry. The laws, the lawful cus. cient times, in your conflicts with the toms, the Courts of Justice, the Clergy, Moors, you should see me at your the national Colleges shall be maintain head, in every danger, advance to re. ed, and ameliorated for the benefit of pel the unjust attacks of the eternal the church and state. The various or. enemies of the Continent. You may ders of the kingdom, the necessary supo assure all who have seryed the state una ports of every true monarchy, shall con- der my predecessors, that they shall en. tinue in the enjoyment of their preroga. joy their pay, pensions, titles, and emotives. The poor shall be relieved. The luments; and that I pledge my honour integrity of Spain and the property of to reward ancient services, as if they every one shall be inviolably respected, had been performed under my govern.
“These are the services which we ment." expect from the known beneficence of After this audience, his Majesty, at your Majesty. Such are the wishes ten in the evening, repaired to his awhich the Council of Castile, under the partments, and supped with their Mapresent circumstances, forms. Heaven jesties the Emperor and Empress.
ADDRESS FROM THE CITY OF MADRID. nisters, and the Council of Castile, to To his Imperial and Royal Highness and publicly announced, according to
cause this proclamation to be expedited, the Serene Grand Admiral of the French Empire, Grand Duke of Berg the usual custom, that none may plead and Cleves, Lieutenant General of
ignorance hereof. the Kingdom of Spain.
Given at our Imperial Palace at Bay. MONSEIGNEUR !
the 16th of June 1808. onne,
(Signed) NAPOLEON. The city of Madrid has been infor: H.B. MARET, Minister of States nied that its illustrious Sovereigns have resigned the Crown of Spain into the We shall close this account of the hands of the great Emperor, and that transactions at Bayonne with the followthe Supreine Junta of the Govern. ing statement respecting the affairs of ment, as well as the Council of Castile, Portugal : have notified to his Imperial and Royal The favourable reception which his Majesty their wishes for the well-being Majesty the Emperor and King has giof this Monarchy:; since they think it ven to the Portuguese Deputies at Baycertain that his Imperial and Royal Ma. onne has, according to letters from Por. jesty intends to place the said crown u• tugal of the 21st of May, revived the pon the head of his illustrious brother, hopes of the Portuguese of a happier Joseph Napoleon King of Naples. futurity. This is known by the follow
The city, Monseigneur, distinguish. ing extract from a letter made public by ed for its love of and obedience to its the Duke of Abrantes, (Gen. Junot,) Sovereign, and desirous of the happi. Governor-General of Portugal, and writness of the people whom it contains, ten at Bayonne, on the 27th of April, by cannot omit joining its homage to that the Portuguese Deputies, to his Majesty of the Supreme Junta of Government, the Emperor and King. and of the Council, and to request your
“ COUNTRYMEN: Highness will have the goodness to no- « The confidence with which you tify the same to his Imperial and Royal honoured us in sending us to the Great Majesty, if your Highness thinks proper. Monarch, to be the interpreters of your
The city avails itself of this opportu. wishes and sentiments, was granted, that nity to assure your Highness of its res. we might submit our dearest interests pect and submission.
in the fate of our country, to the deciMadrid, May 15. 1808.
sion of the mighty genius who is to re(Here follow the signatures.) novate Europe. On our arrival at the IMPERIAL PROCLAMATION.
frontiers of France, we were witnesses
of the continual rejoicings of the subNapoleon, by the Grace of God, Empe. jects of the Great Napoleon. This ex:
ror of the French, King of Italy, pression of universal joy in France afProtector of the Confederacy of the forded us a presentiment of our felicity. Rhine, to all men to whom these
" His Imperial and Royal Majesty presents shall come, sends greeting :
devoted the first day of his residence at 'The Junta of the State, the Council Bayonne to the reception of his subjects. of Castile, the city of Madrid, &c. &c. He was pleased to grant us the second having notified to us, by their addresses, day. He entered into the minutest de. that the well-being of Spain requires a tails respecting all our desires and con. speedy stop to be put to the provision- cerns. Nothing can equal the extent al Government; we have resolved to of his genius, the sublimity of his mind, proclaim, and we do by these presents and the generosity of his principles. proclaim, our well-beloved brother Jo. At the same time that his Majesty conseph Napoleon, the present King of descended to discourse with us, with Naples and Sicily, to be King of Spain paternal affability, on the present state and India.
of affairs, he made the most important We guarantee to the King of Spain observations upon every thing that could the independence and integrity of his insure our prosperity, and spoke to us states in Europe, as well as in Africa, with a noble indifference concerning the Asia, and America, charging the Lieu. rights which events have given him over tenant-General of the kingdom, the Mie the country. The Emperor observed,