Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

the important subjects of which be and copious eloquence which is charactreats :

teristic of his style. The first relates 1. The existence of God. 2. The to the happiness to be derived from the omnipresence of God. 3. The good- observance of the law of God. hess of God. 4. The providence of God. 5. The moral Government of To induce us to observe this law God. 6. Moral obligation. 7. The still more strictly, let us recollect, that character of the upright. 8. The se

while it is the law of God and of society,

it is also the law of felicity-Every indivicurity of the upright. 9. The final dual who observes this law, in whatever triumph of the upright. 10. The evi- circumstances he may be placed, whedences of a future state. 11. The pros- ther prosperous or adverse, must feel pect of a future state opened by the himself, at least, comparatively happy. gospel. 12. The knowledge of eternal This is the natural consequence of what life. 13. The glory of the righteous has already been said of the tendency of in Heaven. 14. The same subject.

obedience to the law, to promote the

happiness of society, unless we can supMr Savile considers as incorrect the pose a whole society to be happy, and distinction of the arguments for the at the same time the individuals who existence of the Deity into that a prin compose it to be unhappy. But this ori and a posteriori, and therefore has we cannot suppose; it is a palpable abendeavoured to blend the two into one. surdity; and in every case it will be We think indeed he has fairly proved found to hold true, that just so much as

we have of devout regard to God and to the inaccuracy of the former term.-

his holy lew, just so much shall we have That which is called the argument a of true felicity. God himself is eterpriori certainly pre-supposes the obser- nally and infinitely happy, because, he vation that something exists. It re- necessarily loves and acts agreeably to quires no more, however ; it is prior to the law of eternal and infinite reason, any particular and detailed exainina- or, in other words, because he is eter tion of what that something is. We nally and infinitely holy. Angels too are still therefore inclined to think, they are much more conformed to God;

are much happier than we are, because that it may be advantageous to treat much more conformed to reason, his it separately, since it certainly admits immutable law. And we in our lower of a more rigid and accurate mode of sphere can only approach to their happroof, than the other.

piness, by imitating their obedience.Mr S. considers Dr Clarke as hav- Man, while disobedient, while regarding failed in his management of the ar

less of God, and without subjection

to his holy law, is in a disordered and gument above alluded to. We con

unnaturel state. He is a degraded ani. tess, however, it appears to us that he mal, clinging only to this earth, lying has only proved the inaccuracy of his at the mercy of events, tortured by the definition of the term “ Necessary cravings of insatiable desires, and tossed Existence.” Most of the reasoning by the incessant tempest of ungovernof that celebrated writer, when cleared able passions. He cannot, at the same of this defect, stands, we think, upon science. His sins often rise up in hor.

time, divest himself of the power of conan immoveable foundation. The arguments, however, which our author in the face. He anticipates the tribu

rible array against him, and stare hiin has substituted in the room of those of nal of God, and has nothing but a fearDr Clarke, appear to possess consider-“ful looking for of judgment.” But he able ingenuity, though our limits de who has grace given him to observe the not permit us to enter into any parti- divine law, is a friend of Christ, and cular examination of them.

need fear no evil. Christ loves him and The following passages will afford him be of good cheer, because his sins

numbers him with his chosen, and bids mery good specimens of our author's

are forgiven him. His heart therefore mode of reasoning, and of that flowing becomes the sanctified seat of serenity,

and

and order; all his desires and passions ses which they are destined to serve.-are directed to their proper objects; The vegetable tribes are fitted for the his soul is the highly favoured habita- particular soil and climate in which tion which Deity itself hath chosen to they are destined to grow, and the io. dwell in. “If a man love me," (sayeth ferior animals receive that particular Christ,)" and keep my words, (that is, frame, that particular degree of strengih, “ my law,) my Father will love him; and those particuiar instincts and pro. si and we will come and take up our pensities, which are perfectly corres. * abode wi:hhım.” Who can describe the pondent to the place they hold in the happiness of that man, who is thus sing- creation, and the offices they are ap. led out from the world, and admitted to pointed to perform. The same was. “ fellowship with the Father and with dom, then, is doubtless employed in “his Son Jesus Christ?" His is a peace the construction of man. Doubtless that passeth ail understanding ; the joy his nature, with all its capacities and of heaven upon earth, the triumph of powers, is every way adapted to his eternity in the moments of time.-No rank in the scale of being, and to the blighting blast of adversity can wither measure of his duration.-But how cau his comforts. Death itself cannot sever this wisdom, this divine adaptation, be him from the source of happiness.- made apparent, if he be only the insect Nay, “glorying in tribulation," he re. of a day: if, after taking a few turns ugards death only as his Father's messen- pon tlie theatre of existence, he sink in ger kindly sent to call him home. And death never to exist again ?-He has a when his friends stand weeping around soul, an immaterial, spiritual principle him, and taking their last adieu, with a within him, capable ofendless existence; smile of heaven on his cheek, and a and is it consistent with wisdom,-infi: sweet humble hope sparkling in his eye, nite wisdom,—to give him this glorious he can calmly say, “ Weep not for me, capacity in vain ?lle can think, rea“ but for yourselves, who have still to son, abstract himself from the objects “st: uggle with sin and with mortality. of sense and time, rise above all that “ Earth and you I leave behind me; 'pertains to earth, and soar upon the “ but I go to angels, to God my Savi. wings of heavenly contemplation. But “our, my everlasting joy." He gently why so highly endowed ; why so divinefalls asleep in Jesus: he rests from his ly exalted ; if he be so soon to be deJabours, and his works do follow him. stroyed for ever; to become, both body Evil then shall never reach him ; igno- and soul, as if he had never been ?-He rance shall never cloud his understand. can reach the sublimest heights of vir: ing; deviations from God's law shall ne tue, he can hold fellowship with angels, ver grieve his spirit : he is then made and reflect the image of the Divinity; perfect; and his perfection and happiness but why furnish him with this excelare without measure and without end. lence ; why adorn him with this image,

P. 170. if he were merely to number a few The following passage, which fornus evil days, and then for ever perish ?part of the discourse on the evidences Our own nature proclaims to us our fu

ture existence. The all-wise Creator of a future state, is perhaps still prefer- has bestowed upon us faculties, the beable :

stowing of which we cannot account The doctrine of a future state is evin. for, had they a reference only to this ced not only by the justice, but by the land of shadows. There must then be wisdom of God.-Wisdom is never need. another scene, where, in a nobler soil, lessly profuse of its gifts, but propor. and beneath more friendly skies, they tions exactly the means it employs, and shall mature and fourish, and attain the endowments it confers to the nature their jusi, unbounded exercise. --- Yes, and value of the end which it designs we are not abortive beings : death does to accomplish. Now, God is infinite not strike us off from existence; it on. in wisdom, and therefore we are war- ly changes our residence, and carries us ranted to infer that he suits harmonious. to better mansions," mansions not ly the nature, the powers, and faculties, “ made with hands, eternal in the heaof all his creatures, to the stations in “ vens." which they are placed, and the purpo. My soul! awake then into action;

gro:

P. 257.

grovel out here below : live as a son of tion will probably find the present Guditive thy conversation in heaven. work as satisfactory as any which has Noting carthly can fill thy vast de been published upon it with the same sites: only the minite God can till them; view. It shexvs good sense, and uniy he who is blessed for ever, can bless

pretty ikee with lite and joy everlasting:

extensive views; and though it does Lie! joy everlasting: The mere jope of not enter quite so much inio detail as this, while man is here,—while lie is no- might be wished, contains, on the thing more than man,--the mere hope whole, a good deal of information.--or this, is his dearest portion. It in The style is simple and perspicuous, spires and solaces the heaven-boro piland noi devoid of elegance. As a spegrin: It gives health to the frame, and címen of the work, we shall give some {agei viguur to the mid--Like the tair summer evening, il beams sweet

of our author's observations on a subDess and serenity. li is man's must es. ject ishich of late has been much agi. bimable joy: it is his paradise below. tated, that of the attempts recently

P. 265. made to introduce Christianity into

India by means of missions. In this

view, he considers preaching as likely II. Indian Recreations ; consisting of to be altogether ineffectual. He says,

Thoughts on the Efects of the Ainong the Hindoos, no collision of British Government on the State of Opinion has awakened the curiosity of India: accompanied with Hints the people, or roused the human intelconcerning the Means of Impro- lect: no books have ever reached their ving the condition of the natives of hands to convey information, nor has that country. By the Rev. Wm. native language. Of all abstract ideas,

even a newspaper been printed in the Tennant A.M. L. L. D. &c. Vol. the multitude in India is almost entireIII. 8vo. 9s. Longman & Co.Lon- ly destitute. To a people in this state, don; Anderson, Edinburgh. 1808. it is in vain that you propose any sys

tem of doctrines for their discussion: THE "He two first volumes of this there can hardly be any sufficiently sim

work appeared some years ago, ple for their understanding; and perand have been well received by the haps none too gross for their belief. public, as containing a variety of use Unfortunately for the Ilindoos, their ful information respecting the situa- Brahmins will not permit them to exertion and character of the natives of cise the small portion of intellect which

they are known to possess; since every India. The present is upon a subject departure from the custoinary rites is still more immediately interesting, and held up by them as of all things the which has 'of late attracted a large most sinful, and not to be expiated but share of public attention. The au- by the severest penalties. Thus the atthor is a zealous advocate for the tachment of an Hindoo to his faith and

system which has, for some time past, worship, is guarded equally by his ig. been pursued by the British govern- priesthoud, who among them are the

It is the care of the ment in India.' He conceives it to sale guides of opinion, to keep him conbe not only strictly conformable to stantly under the dominion of both. justice, but eminently conducive to They watch and labour to preserve iga the interests both of the mother coun- norance, not to disseminate knowledge, try and of the natives. We shall every inlet to which is guarded as closenot enter at present into the discus- ly as the avenues of death *.

These sion of a question to determine which with certainty would require

* Their conduct seems to resemble an extent of study which few are able that of those persons who are blamed to bestow upon it. Those, however, for detaining the truth in unrighteous, who wish to hear this side of the

ques “ ness.”

[ocr errors]

These causes alone, without any vid. sure, the natives have no aversion to lent opposition on the part of the Hin- commit their children to the tuition of doos, have hitherto prevented any con- Europeans; they are rather ambitious siderable degree of success from ever that their offspring should acquire the signalising the labours of our mission. accomplishment of reading and writing aries in India. At different times, as the English, though a foreign language, well as the present, the fervor of zeal, as the means of enabling them to proseor the efforts of humanity, have produc cute successfully some lucrative branch ced various exertions in favour of the of trade, and of introducing them as natives; but as all these plans have clerks and agents into the employment borne the same aspect, and have em. of the British. An Hindoo of rank braced similar means, the causes of dis. will not, it is confessed, allow his chil. appointment have remained strong and dren either to eat or sleep in the same permanent; their efforts have proved al. apartment with Europeans, but he is most uniformly fruitless. In the pro- known to permit them freely to remain vince of Madura, and afterwards in the at a day school, which for the above. Mysore, some of the lower classes have named branches of education is suffici. attended the discourses of missionaries, ent. and yielding a kind of assent to their It is asserted by persons practically doctrines, if assent can be given to what acquainted with this subject, that the is not understood, they have been en- desire of the people after education is rolled in their catalogue of believers, so strong, that several have at present, although more than a nominal Christi with much expence, placed their chil. anity has never yet been found in these dren under the tuition of Europeans : parts: a church and teachers have been and that there are many more taught established in Delhi for near two hund. by such of the natives themselves as unred years *, and still subsists there ; it derstand the English language. Where has, however, received no increase of neither of these means of instruction converts to afford any hope of final suc. can be akorded, there have been many cess. The missionaries of the Propa. instances of spelling books, and copies ganda have lately been depressed, and for learning to write, being purchased by either seem weary of so fruitless a task, such as have supposed that they might or carry it on with a feebleness which acquire these branches of knowledge by gives little countenance to the hopes of their own private application* their employers.

There are at present residing in Cal. But a method, he conceives, by cutta two gentlemen, who have not onwhich the same object might be gra- who have themselves been engaged in

ly witnessed these several facts, but dually but effectually accomplished, the tuition of some natives of distincwould be the establishment of schools, tion, and who have been able to com- and it would appear that the avidity municate to them much useful instrucof the natives for this species of in- tion. The parsimonious habits of an struction is equal to the aversion which they entertain for the other. Our au,

* From Volume I. of this work, it Happily for the execution of this mea. appears that schools for the instruction

of the natives are already pretty gene. First planted by Portuguese Jesuits, ral in many parts of India : it is pro. according to Thevenot. The labours bable too, that such institutions are of of this Order were spread through al- very old standing in that country. Their most every country in the Eastern method of teaching to read, write, and world. Vide Lettres edifiantes et curi. spell, by a single process, is at once ex. euses. They boast of having performed peditious and unexpensive. It is ac. miracles, and to have made numerous complished by forming the letters on converts : but these narratives were not sand, spread either upon the ground or believed, even by the natives, and have on a table; and one lesson is no sooner thrown discredit on the whole of their finished, than the characters are effaced exertions,

to make room for another,

P. 275.

Hin.

thor says,

iFindoo, almost of every rank, render- tion of the works of Thomson, in ng him averse to part with money on three volumes octavo. It will be acacy occasion, unless to his Brahmin, companied by a life of the author, of the institution of schools here proposed which little seems hitherto to have ought to be attended with an established salary, as a provision for the teach. been discovered, and which Mr Scott's ets: this provision might be occasion. local connections may be supposed to ally increased, by the contribution of render him well qualified for illussuch wealthy natives as are able to af- trating. In particular, it will conford a liberal assistance to the instruc- tain a number of original letters hithtion of their children. In other cases, erto unknown to the public, which we the benefit of knowledge would be more

understand he has been fortunate eacceptable to the natives by being con. terred gratuitously;

P. 280.

nough to procure.

Mr Scott is also about to publish a. In reply to the obvious question as new edition of the works of the celeto the difficulty of procuring teachers, brated Lord Somers, accompanied by Dr T. replies, that there is now in In- a life of the author, and historical dia a very numerous mixed race, pro. notes. duced by the intercourse of European The University of Edinburgh has settlers with Indian women, who would lately received a splendid acquisition be willing and even happy to under- in the maguificent Collection of Mintake the employment for a moderate erals bequeathed to it by the late Dr salary. Being excluded from othces Thomson, of Naples. That celebrated in the service of the East India com- mineralogist, during a long residence pany, they are frequently brought to in a country extremely fertile in the poverty, arising from the absolute want most interesting products of the miof employment.

neral kingdom, lost no opportunity of forming a most splendid collection,

which, having fortunately escaped eveNew Works published in Edinburgh. ry danger, hus arrived at Edinburgh

uninjured. This bequest Dr ThomA

CCOUNT of the Life and Wri- son accompanied with the endowment

tings of James Bruce of Kimaird, of One thousand five hundred pounds, Esqr. Author of Travels to discover the interest of which he has destined the Source of the Nile. By Alexan- for the payment of a lecturer on mi. der Murray, F.A.S.E. and Secretary neralogy and the support of the cafor Foreign Correspondence. Large binet. The latter is contained in for4to. 21. 128. 6d.

ty very large boxes, which are depoA complete system of Merchants sited in the inuseum of the University, Accounts, containing the Principles and proper cases are making for the and Modern Improvements of Book- reception of the specimens. The inkeeping; in various sets of books, teresting and valuable collection of by single and double entry. Adap- the late ingenious Dr Hutton, of Eted to schools as well as to counting-dinburgh, has also been deposited in houses. By James Morison, Accomp- the museum. tant, Master of the Mercantile Academy, Glasgow. Imperial 8vo. 11. 1s.

Literary Intelligence, English and

FOREIGN. Sullish Literary Intelligence. MR Walter Scott will soon pre- THE late tamented Dr Gregory left

an invaluable legacy to the literary sent the public with a new edi. world, and to the rising generation, in a

work

« PoprzedniaDalej »