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established for the purpose of remov- of the Greek Testament, Lucian, and ing the difficulty of procuring a suita- Xenophon, construed and explained, ble education, to which students in- Belles Lettres, or first class of Greek tended for the Catholic Ministry in and Latin, Greek - Gospel of St Ireland were subject, in consequence Luke, Acts of the Apostles, Epistles of the suspension of intercourse be- of St Paul, Homer, Epictetus, Xenotween that country and the continent, phon, explained, &c. Latin-Cicero's occasioned by the late war. It was Orations, Offices, Livy, part of Senesupported by an annual parliamentary ca, Pliny's Letters, Horace, explaingrant, aided in some degree by priced, &c. -- Rules of Latin versification. Yate donations and legacies, which Philosophy.-Logic, Metaphysics, and have amounted, since the commence- Ethics. - The Professor is obliged, ment of the institution, to upwards of through paucity of books, to compile eight thousand pounds. In the pre- a treatise, and dictate it to his schosent state, the establishment is not con- lars. The authors to whom reference sidered as adequate to the wants of the is given, are, Seguy, philosophy, and Irish Church. The buildings are ex
Locke. Natural and Experimental tensive, as 32,000/. have been expen- philosophy, different branches of Eleded on them, and they are not yet mentary Mathematics, Algebra, Geocomplete. The number of students metry, Conic Sections, Astronomy, for the present year is about two hun- Mechanics, Optics, Hydraulics, &c. dred. They are provided with lodg- Chemistry-Various English authors, ing, commons, and instruction, from Divinity-Dogmatical, 1st course, de the funds of the establishment, but Religione ; 2d course, de Incarnatioeach student pays 91. 2s. entrance mo- ne et Ecclesia; 3d course, de Sacraney, and his personal expences through mentis in genere, de Eucharista. The the year
are calculated at 201. There Professor is obliged to compile these is a recess during the months of July treatises, which are chiefly taken from and August, and a recess for a few the followmg books : Hooke, Bailly, days at the festivals of Christmas, Eas- Duvoisín, Le Grand, Tournely, N. ter, and Pentecost. As it is requisite, Alexander, P. Collet, Co. Tour. Moeven during the time of vacation, for ral.- Ist course, de actibus humanis, students, who wish to be absent from de conscientia, de peccatis, de matricollege, to obtain the permission of nonio ; 2d course, de legibus, de virtheir respective prelates, they, for the tutibus theol. et moral, de sacramento tnost part, remain during the whole pænitentiæ ; 3d course, de jure et jusyear, and are employed in study, com- ticia, de contradictibus, de obligatioposition, and preparation for the ensu- ne statuum, de ceneuris, &c. Authors, ing course. During term, the obiiga- Paul Antoine, P. Collet, Continuator tion of residence imposed by the sta- Tournelii. There is at present no retutes is religiously enforced. For the gular Professor of sacred scriptures, admission of a student, besides other but a portion of the New Testament conditions, the recommendation of his is committed to memory every week, prelate is required. He is to be exa- the Gospel and the Acts of the Aposmined in the classics, and admitted by tles are explained, the epistles from the majority of examiners. The fol. Dom. Calmet, Maldonatus, Esthiuş, lowing is an outline of the course of Synopsis criticorum, and other bibli. studies: Humanity, under class, Latin 'cal expounders. The modern languaand Greek, Sallust, Virgil, and Hoges which are taught, are English, race explained, - select passages of native Irish, and French. Goldsmith's Roman History occasion- It will be reachly perceived that the ally translated into Latin - portions lectures retain much of that old schoJuly 1808.
lastic form, which is little calculated scrinia et chartas." - The 5th and 6th for the promocion of true knowledge. chapter of the Statutes relate to the The classical instructions are very - Professors and Lecturers; the 7th to mited.
the choice of Professors; the 8th to The bye-laws chiefly relate to in- the students. The districts of Armagh ternal regulations, enforcing much of and Cashel, furnish 60 each; those of the discipline and forinality of mo- Dublin and Țuam, 40 each. The 9th nachism, and tending to train up the chapter respects public examinations, students to that habitual observance of which are held in the course of of exterior decorum, which is usually the year, the 10th and 11th describe to be remarked in the performance of the duties of the Librarian and BurCatholic rites, Daring meals, the sar: The following are the present scriptures and other prontable books, officers : selected by the President, are to be Rev. Pat. J. Byrne, D.D. President. read. Constanț employment is recom- Rev. R. F. Power, A. M. Vice Presimended. The students are to be obc
dent. dient to their President, not to yield Rev. Tho. Coen, Dean. too far to the dictates of their own un
Rev. E. Montague, Burs. derstanding, and to use only such Rev. E. Delahogae, D.D. Prof. Dogbooks as shall be recommended by the President and Professors. The follow. Rev. L. Ferris, D.D. Prof. Moral
matum Theologicorum. ing is the general order of each day :
Philosophy. The students are summoned by a bell Rev. A. Darre, A. M. Natural and at 5; at 54 they meet for public prayer; from 6 they study in the public Rev. Fr. Anlade, Logic.
Experim. Philosophy. halls ; at 74 mass is performed; at, 8 Rev. Charles Lovelock, A. M. Belles they breakfast ; 9 study in public
Lettres. halls ; 10 attend class; 11; recrea
. tion ; 12 study in public hails ; Rev. Pat. M‘Nichols, Greek and Laattend class; 3 dinner ; 5 class for Rev. M. Crowley, Lect. Dogm. Theol. modern languages; 6 study in public Rev. D. Sinnot, Lect. Mor. Theol. halls ; 8 supper ; 9 common prayer; Rev. W. Crolley, Lect. Logic 9; all retire in silence to their cham- Mr M. Usher, Professor of English bers.
Elocution. The statutes are employed in des- Rev. P. O'Brien, Prof. of Irish Lancribing the duties and qualifications of the members of the Institution. The Rev. Å. Dunne, Treasurer.
guage. President must be a native subject of the British Empire, not under thirty The emoluments of the Professors years of age, in priest's orders, and are very moderate. The President must have passed through a complete has L. 227..10s. The Vice-President, course of academical learning. It is and two Theological Professors, L.106 his duty to superintend the general the other Professors, L. 75 to 1.85,discipline of the college. In the per. They derive also some advantages formance of his office he is assisted by from residing in the house. a Vice-President. The Dean, who is The allegiance of the members of likewise styled Magister Officii, in- the institution to the government from spects manners and morals, and is to which they derive their support, is tesbe of the same order, age, country, &c. tified in various ways. Each student, as the President. “ Libros curiose in- on his admission, takes an oath, that spicito, et si justissima suspicio præi. he is, and will remain, unconnected yerit, ipsa quoque, annucnte præside, with any conspiracy. The duty of fi
delity to the civil government is to be with the talents and virtues which Strongly inculcated by the theological have influenced the destiny of nations: professors. Prayers are to be offered We see their birth, their education, on Sundays and Holidays for the King their manners. Sometimes a number in a prescribed form.
of great men come forward at once, Masters, Scholars.
meet and struggle against each other ;
at other times great men appear insuParis, College des Lom-}4 100 lated, thrown, as it were, out of the
order of nature, into periods of weak. -- Community Rue
ness and languishing. We see the Cheval vert,
struggles of a great character against Nantz,
the degenerate manners of a sinking Bourdeaux,
people ; the rapid progress of a rising Douay,
nation which receives strength from a Toulouse,
a man of genius ; the impulse given 1 8
to nations by laws, by conquest, by
eloquence; great virtues always raret Total in France, 17 318
than talents, the one powerful and imLouvain
2 40 petuous, the other calm and deliberate; Antwerp,
2 30 plans sometimes deeply laid and ripenSalamanca,
2 32 ed by years, sometimes inspired, conRome,
2 16 ceived, executed almost at once, with Lisbon,
2 12 that vigour which carries every thing
before it, because it leaves no room Total on the Continent, 27 478 for foresight and precaution. We see,
in short, splendid lives, deaths illustrious and almost always violent ; for by an 'inevitable law, the action of
those men who set the world in moOz the Characters. of PLUTARCH and tion, produces an equal resistance in Tacitus.
all that surrounds them; they press
against the universe and the universe From tbe French of Tbomas.
against them; and behind glory, exile, PLUTARCH.
the sword, or poison, is almost always
concealed. up before me great men; I Such is nearly the spectacle which
wish to see and converse with Plutarch presents. With regard to them," said a young prince to a cele- his style and manner, they are well brated priestess of the east, who pre- known. They are those of an old tended to raise the dead. A retired man full of good sense, habituated to sage, who stood by, approached and the spectacles presented by humañ said: "I will perform what you ask. things, who is not warmed, is not dat Hold, take this book; read over åt- tled; admires with tranquillity, and tentively the characters which are blames without indignation. His pace is written in it: as you read, you will see moderate, and never becomes hurriedo the shades of great men rising around Like a calm river, he stops; he re. you." This book was the “ Lives turns, he suspends his course; he slopi of illustrious men” by the philosopher ly embraces à vast extent of ground. of Cheronea. There in fact we find He spreads out tranquillity, and by all antiquity. There men in succes- chance, as it were, as he goes along, son appear in their real character, all that his memory retains. Every
where, in short, he converses with his VIII. and Louis XI. ought never tom reader ; he is the Montagne of the have seen Tacitus in a library, without Greeks; but he has not, like him, that a species of terror. picturesque and bold manner of paint- If from the department of morals ing his ideas. Like him, however, he we pass to that of genius, who has attaches and interests, without appear. drawn characters more strongly? Whu ing to aim at doing so. Above all, has descended further into the depths his great art consists in painting men of policy ;-has drawn greater results by minute details. He draws none of from the smallest events ;-has betthose brilliant portraits, of which Sal. ter, at every line in the history of a lust first set the example, and which man, given the history of the human Cardinal de Retz, by his memoirs, has mind and of all ages ? Who has better brought so much into vogue among detected meanness under every fold in us; he does better, he paints in action. which it could hide itself;-has better We think we see all these great men discriminated all the species of fear, act and converse. All his figures are all the species of courage, all the segenuine, and have the exact propor- cret workings of the passions, all the tions of nature. Some persons think motives of men's discourses, all the this to be the style in which all pane- contrasts between their sentiments and gyrics ought to be written. We actions, all the movements which the should be less dazzling, say they, but mind will not own to itself? Who has more satisfactory; and admiration must better traced the singular mixture oí sometimes be renounced for the sake virules and vices, the assemblage of of esteem.
different and sometimes opposite quaTACITUS.
lities;—ferocity cold and gloomy in
Tiberius, ardent in Caligula, stupid in The order of time, the connection Claudius, without restraint as without of ideas, the merit of this great man, shame in Nero, tinrid and hypocritical and the particular character of his in Domitian !--- the crimes of tyranny works, seem to require that we should and of slavery ;-pride humbling itscíf speak of him here. At the name of on one side, to command on another; Tacitus, every man of the least sensi- corruption either tranquil and slow, or bility feels his imagination warmed, bold and impetuous; the revolutionary and his soul raised to a higher tone. character and spirit, the opposite views If you ask, who has better exposed of the chiefs ; instinct, fierce and rapavices and crimes ;-better inspired in- cious in the soldier, tumultuous and dignation and contempt for all who feeble in the multitude ? In Rome, we brought misery upon mankind? I will see the stupidity of a great people, to say, I'acitus. Who inspires a more sa- whom the conqueror and the conquercred respect for virtue in misfortune,-- ed are alike indifferent, who, without who makes lxer appear more august, in choice, without regret, and without chains, or under the stroke of the exe- desire, sit at the public shews, and cutioner? it is Tacitus. Who has coldly wait till their master is announthrown the most sovereign contempt ced; are ready to clap their hands by on parasites and slaves, on all who chance to whoever shall arrive, whom, cringed, Hattered, pillaged, and cor- if another had prevailed, they would rupted at the court of the emperors have trampled under foot. In short, again it is Tacitus. Name to me a ten pages of Tacitus teach us better, man who ever gave a more command- the knowledge of mankind, than threeing character to history, a more terrible fourths of modern histories put togeaspect to posterity. Philip II. Henry ther. It is the book of old men,
philosophers, of citizens, of courtiers, the pleasing effects arising from the of princes. It consoles bim who is perusal of poetry, none have ever placed in solitude, for the absence of treated of the introduction of Moonthe society of men; it enlightens him light Scenery. In most of the prinwho is forced to live with them. It cipal poems, both ancient and modern, is too true, that it does not teach us to we find that frequently the most intsteem them; but we should be too teresting, pleasing, and pathetic part, bapov if their intercourse were not, is that which treats of the various apm this respect, more dangerous still pearances of nature as then exhibited, than Tacitus.
or of the melancholy and tender emos I have spoken of his eloquence; it tions which the scenery is calculated is well known. In general, it is not to produce. To investigate to what an eloquence of words and of harmony; lengths such descriptions should be proit is an eloquence of ideas which fol- tracted; to what species of poetry they low and strike against each other. should be confined; or to give a reguHis thoughts seem every where to lar detail of them in every poem of concentrate themselves in order to oc- rit, would lead into a field of discussion cupy less space. We never foresee, much beyond the limits of this essay, we only follow it. Often it is not It is not so much my present object to brought forth entire, and is hid, as it enumerate and classify these descripwere, under a veil. Imagine a lan- tive parts of poetry, or to elucidate guage, rapid as the movements of the them by elaborate quotations, as to soul; a language which, in order to shew the pleasing influence they have express a sentiment, should never re- on the human mind, and how they quire to be divided into words ; a lan- contribute to call forth and refine all guage, every sound of which should the finer feelings of our nature. Withexpress a collection of ideas; such drawn from the cares and bustle of the almost is the perfection of the Ro- day, we contemplate by moonlight, man language in Tacitus. No super- nature displayed in one of her most Puous siga, no useless pageantry enchanting forms ; and while thus .our The thoughts press upon each other, attention is warped up in the grandeur and crowd into the imagination; but of the scene, we experience that tranthey fill, without ever fatiguing it.-- quillity of mind which we look for in In regard to the style, it is bold, ra- vain in the busy theatre of life. pid, often abrupt, always vigorous. It Accordingly we find, that every paints by one stroke. The connec- 'poet of taste has availed liimself of tion is more between the ideas than the such descriptions in almost every dewords. Muscles and nerves predo- partment of poetry. In day-light, minate rather than grace. He is the when the whole face of nature is disMichel Angelo of writers; he has the played at one view, and a boundless same depth, the same strength, and per- prospect opens to the sight, the mind haps a little also of the same rudeness. is apt to be so much distracted, and
the thoughts so dissipated by the mulObservations on the Introduction of uplicity of objects, as to be rendered
MOONLIGHT SCENERY into POETRY, incapable of singling out any particuand the Effects the Contemplation of lar part, or of surveying it with atNature by night has on the human mind. tention. Hence, whenever the poet
wishes to impress upon our minds any To the Editor.
great or sublime object, to melt us SIR,
with any tender or pathe'ic descrip. appears not a little surprising, that tion, he withdraws us from the turnult among the numerous illustrations of and bustle of the world to the tran