Obrazy na stronie

tained, be deleit and expunged: As also, that ther be an extract of this

Account of Books committed to the report transmitted to his Grace the Flames, suppressed, or censured. Duke of Lauderdale, whereby, for the

Continued from p. 418. future, when any such signatures, bearing forresteries, sal be offered to his UNHEARD-OF Curiosities. By Jas. Majesty, for his royal hand, whereun

Gaffarel, (Latin) Hamburgh, to his Majesty may be graciously plea- 1676-8. 2 vols. 12mo. In this sinsed to take notice thereof, and to sig- gular work, the author treats of the nifie his pleasure to his Exchequer, it different species of talismans; he debeing of a great concerne, both to his claims against them in general with Majesty, and his leidges.

great violence, yet admits that some Signed-ROTHES CANCELL. J. P. D. may possess virtue; a doctrine which


him the censure of the Sor

bonne. le proposed to publish an COPIE of a LETTER from the LORDS

“ Univer al history of the subterranean Condu ISSIONERS of TREASURY and EXCHEQUER, to the DUKE of LAU- the most beautiful caverns, and most

world, containing a description of DERDALE, anent the PRIVILEDGES of FORRESTERIES, 9th July, 1680. of the earth.” The prospectus only

singular grottos, caves, vaults, and de Edinburgh, 9th July, 1650. appeared; it is singular, and proved May it please your Grace,

the length to which the folly of this In the last winter Sessione, there author went, who pretended to give wer presented, to be past in Exche

us an exact topographical description

of the , sulphureous caverns of hell, quer, a signature under his Majesties royal hand, in favours of one

purgatory, and the limbos. He died Robertson of Fascally, wherin was an

in 1681, aged 80 years. erection of a Forresterie ; which being 1617, and Summary of Theology 1665.

Garassi, - Banquet of the Seven Sages taken notice of in Exchequer, and not knowing what the priviledge thereof The first of these works was suppresmight import, there was a stop put to

sed, and the other censured by the the passing of that signature, untill Sorbonne, as degrading the majesty such time as the Lords of the Sessione

of religion, by a low, mean, and fami(to whom it was remitted) should give

Lar style. Garasse is considered as

the coarsest and most abusive of all ther opinion in that matter; which accordingly they gave in this day into writers, and in France his very name

has become a proverb. Addressing the Exchequer. The extract whereof, with what is resolved thereupon, the celebrated Advocate Pasquier, be they have appointed to be transmitted says, “ Adieu, master Pasquier; adieu, toyour Grace, that you may be pleathat you may be plea bloody pen; adieu, advocate without

conscience sed to acquaint his Majesty therewith;

; adieu, man without humaand, that his royall pleasur therein, adieu, capital enemy of the see of

nity; adieu, Christian without religion; both as to signatures of the same natur, already past his Majestie's hand,

Rome; adieu, unnatural son, &c.”not yet expead in Exchequer, and Speaking of Rabelais, he says, “ Above such as shall happen to be offered all books, libertines have in their hand hereafter, may, with

Rabelais, as the enchiridion of debauyour convenien

chery. This scoundrel does not even cy, be signified unto them. And,

deserve to be named; I shall only say, May it please your Grace,

that to describe him well, he must be Your Grace's most humble servant, called the very pest and gangrene of Signed-ROTHES CANCELL. J.P.D. piety; it is impossible to read a page without danger of mortally offending sist his turn for satire, composed ons God. In short, I consider Rabelais against his benefactor, upon which he 25 a damnable and pernicious writer, was instantly remitted to his dungeon who sucks out by degrees the spirit of However, an ode addressed to the repiety, who insensibly steals a man gent himself, in which he humbly imirom himself, who extinguishes the plored forgiveness, procured some nie principle of religion; in short, who tigation of his confinement, of which has done more harm in France by his he availed himself to effect his escape. buffooneries, than Calvin by his inno. It is not known what had inspired La vations." Yet Garasse is said to have Grange with such a furious animosity been mild and polite in company. His against this prince; the invective is death was occasioned by an act of he- carried even to frenzy. This will be roic humanity, in going to attend per- seen from the following translation of sons afflicted with the plague. a few passages : “ Scarce did he open

Giannone. History of Naples. 5 vols. his eyelids, when he felt indignant at 4to. 1623. A work now highly es- the barriers which were between him teemed, but which drew upon the au- and the throne. In these detestable thor a severe persecution, in conse- ideas, he made his only pleasure con. quence of the freedom with which he sist in practising the arts of the Cirspeaks of the Pope and the ecclesias- ces and the Medeas; lie believed this tics. No sooner had the book appears inferisal method capable of removing ed, than the author was obliged to fly the obstacie which opposed his desires. from his country, which he did just in .... What divorces, what incesis, will time to escape being arrested by the be the fruit of his plots! People, arm inquisition, who had issued an order yourselves, defend your master; this to that effect. All the copies of his traitor secks not merely to wrest from book, however, were seized, and coni- him his dominions. The bed of thay mitted to the fames, as the author Philip is to renew the crimes of Tliywould doubtless have been, could he estes .... Infamous Heliogabalus ! have been found. He met with an your age returns among us. Volupasylum in Piedmont, where the King tuous Sardanapalus! Philip goes farof Sardinia protected him under pre- ther than you .... Thee (the Duttence of retaining him as a prisoner.- chess of Berry) who, to the bond · He died there in 1748.

which unites you, joinest others which Les Philippiques. By M. Grange you ought to dread: Neither MessaChancel. These were a most keen lina nor Julia, are any thing when satire, composed in 1720, against the compared to you.... Pursue this cow Duke of Orleans, then regent, and ardly prince, already vanquished by

of distinction. It prov- his fears ; anake him die as he has ed fatal to its author. La Grange, tollved, in rage and disgrace; upon his escape the resentment of the govern- guilty head cause to fall the fate of ment, fled to Avignon, which, belong. Mithridates, when pressed by the Roing to the see of Kome, afforded him man arms; may he, in his extreme a place of refuge. Being betrayed, despair, have recourse to his own poihowever, by a false friend, beyond the sons." limits of the sacred territory, he was Langle. Travels in Spain. 6th edi. seized, and conducted to the isles of tion (the only one avowed by the auSt Marguerite, where he was thrown thor) Paris 1808. This work, which into a dungeon. The governor, who is striking by its originality, was conwas charnied with his wit and gaiety, demned by the parliament of Paris in granted him a considerable share of 1788. This disgrace immediately liberty, till La Grange, unalele to re- brought it into vogue. The following

other persons

account of the condemnation is given a history for others, and not for your in the secret memoirs of the time : self: 110w you should, on the contrary, “ This day, 26 February 1788, the have made it for yourself, and not for parliainent of Paris condemned the others. “Voyage into Spain," without name of Liszinski. Manuscripta Atheisti. author or printer, to be torn and burnt ca. Casimir Liszinski was burnt alive at the head of the great stair of the pa- on the 30th March 1689, as an atheist, lace. The author, however, is under and his ashes, being put into a cannon, stood to be the Marquis de Langle; instead of ball, were dispersed in the every one is anxious to see and know air. This Polish gentleman was achim. He is much younger than the cused of atheism at the diet of GrodCount de Mirabeau, less informed, but no, in 1688, by the Bishop of Potzgayer, and in common with him, has dam. His condemnation was founded been persecuted by his family, and has upon writings that were found in his remained exiled for two years in a small house, in which he advanced several provincial town.” Langle himself says propositions, such as the following: on the subject of the condemnation of “God is not the creator of man, but books, “ In Spain, if a book be in the man is the creator of a God whom he least free, they burn it. If ever this has drawn out of nothing." These book passes the Pyrenees, doubtless it writings contain many other extravawill be burned too. So much the bet- gancies of the same kind. The auter: joy to the books that are burned! thor endeavoured to excuse himself by The reader loves burned books; so does saying that he had written them down the bookseller, and so does the author." only for the purpose of refuting them;

Les Casas. Bartholomew. Exaini- but his excuses could not save him, nation of the question, “ Whether and he was condemned to the stake. kings or princes can, by any right or Libraries burned. The rest of his title, and with a safe conscience, alie- work relating to single books, the aunate citizens and subjects from the thor gives here an account of those royal crown, and subject them to the which have been committed in a mass dominion of another master ? a ques- to the flames. He begins by the lition never so fully treated by any of brary which was preserved in the the doctors.” This work of the vir- temple of Jerusalem. This collection, tuous Las Casas was suppressed with more estimable by its intrinsic value the greatest care, being thought to than by the number of volumes, was touch upon delicate points, in respect burned by order of Antiochus, as is to the duties of princes to their sub- mentioned I. Maccabees, chap. 1. jects. It has been printed twice in The famous Sibylline books of Rome Germany, but both editions are equals were consumed at the burning of the ly rare, having been suppressed with capitol, in the year 671 of Rome, duequal attention.

ring the period of Sylla's dictatorship. Leti. British theatre, or History. The new Sibylline books, which sucof Great Britain, (Italian) 1684.- ceeded the former, were deposited in This work, first printed in London, the temple of Apollo Palatine till was presented by the author to Chas. 363 A. D., at which time this temple II. and met at first with a favour. was consumed by fire. They were able reception ; but on closer examina- transported elsewhere, but Stilicho tion, a number of bold sallies were caused them to be thrown into the fire discovered, which made the book be in 4-06 or 407. suppressed, and the author dismissed. Every reader knows the fate of the An English nobleman said to him on celebrated library of Alexandrià. this occasion, “ Leti, you have made In the sixth century, Gregory the



Great caused the books of Pagan au- should be burned, as containing blasthors to be burned, if we may believe phemy, magic, and other things equalJohn of Sarisbery, a writer of the 12th ly dangerous. A celebrated man of century, and many other learned men, learning, Johp Peuchlin, being conwho have doubtless repeated it after sulted upon this point, pled for the this bishop. What may have given preservation of certain part of them rise to the accusation is the advice which he conceived to be innocent; which Gregory gave to Didier, arch- and this opinion he defended against bishop of Vienna, not to amuse him. an attack made upon it in a work self in teaching grammar, because a called the “ Ocular Mirror.” This kishop has more important occupations. publication was condemned by the docSeveral modern writers have endea.

tors of theology, both at Cologne and voured' to justify Gregory from this Paris, who not only censured it, but imputation.

endeavoured to make the author share The Runic books were conmitted the fate of the books which he had to the flames by order of Olaus, king attempted to defend. He was proof Sweden, at the beginning of the tected, however, by the emperor. eleventh century. This anecdote has A little before the middle of the been found Eric Sohroderus in an sixteenth century, Charles V. made a ancient manuscript seen by him in decree, by which he proscribed all he1637. It is there said, that Olaus, as. retical books, and prohibited, under cribing to the Runes the difficulty pain of death, to read the works of which the Christian religion found in Luther, and other heretics. Soon afbeing introduced into his states, as- ter, both the books and persons of the sembled, in 1001, all the great men of protestants were proscribed, in the his kingdom. In this assembly it was most barbarous manner, by Mary, determined that the Roman characters Queen of England. An edict was should be substituted for the Runic, then published, that whoever should and that all books relating to idolatry possess these books, and should not should be burned. Unfortunately the burn them instantly without reading, greater part of those which contained or shewing them to any one, should be the history and the antiquities of the accounted a rebel, and executed on the nation were sacrificed at the same spot, according to martial law. time. It is presumed, that the works of Jorunderus, Gissurus, of SchulemonLanus, and of Alterus Magnus, then Letters from GENERAL WASHINGperished.

TON, to a high literary Character in About 1508, Cardinal Ximenes, LONDON. wishing to convert the Mahometans to the Christian faith, assembled more

Philadelphia, Dec. 10, 1798. than three thousand in a spacious ESTEEMED SIR, square, and made them be baptised; HEARING that the ship (Suffolk) then he caused all the Mahometan by which the inclosed letter was books which he could sweep together, sent, was captured by the French, who by whatever author, and on whatever never restore any thing of mine, I do, subject, to be thrown into the flames; to avoid the imputation of inattention upwards of 5000 volumes, with all their to your favours, and the correspondbinding and ornaments, were accord- ence with which you honour me, send ingly burned.

a duplicate, being with very great esIn 1510, Maximilian I., emperor teem and regard, Sir, your most obeof Germany, published an edict, that dient and obliged humble servant, all Hebrew books, except the Bible,



Mount Vernon, 25th July, 1798. that we should share the fate of Ver ESTEE LED SIR,

nice, and other Italian States. Your favour of the 8th Feb. came This has roused the people from safe, and would have received an ear- their slumbers, and filled their ininds lier acknowledgment, if any thing had with indignation, from one extremity sooner occurred worthy of communi- to the other of the Union; and I trust cation : I hope you have not only got if they should atteinpt to carry their relieved of the fever from which you threats into effect, and invade our terwere then recovering, but of the lan- ritorial, as they have done our comguor with which it had affected you, mercial rights, they will arouse a spiand that you are now engaged in the rit that will give them more trouble literary pursuits of which you gave than they are aware of, in the citizens the outlines, and which, with your of these States. When every thing pen, and the arrangement of the sub- that is sacred and dear to freemen is jects, must be curious, entertaining, thus threatened, I could not, consistent and instructive. Thus persuaded, If with the principles which have actuayou propose to carry the werk by way ted me through life, reznain an idle of subscription, it would give me plea- spectator, and refuse to obey the call şure to be numbered among the sub- of my country, to head its armies for scribers. I little imagined when I DEFENCE: and, therefore, have pledgtook my last leave of the walks of ed myself to come forward whenever public life, and retired to the shades the exigency shall require it. With pf my vine and fig, that any event what sensations, at my time of life would arise in my day, that would (now turned of sixty-six) without ambring me again on a public theatre: bition or interest to stimulate me there, but the unjust, ambitious, and intoxi- to, I shall relinquish the peaceful walks cated conduct of France towards these to which I had fondly hoped to have United States, has been, and continues spent the remnant of a life worn down to be such, that they must be opposed with cares, in contemplation on the by a firin and inanly resistance, or we past, and in the enjoyment of scenes shall not only hazard the subjugation present and to come, of rural growth; of our Government, but the indepen- let others, and especially those who dence of our nation also ; both being, are best acquainted with my ways of evidently, struck at by a lawless domi- thinking, decide ; while I believing neering power, who respects no rights, that man was not designed by Provi. and is restrained by no treaties when dence to live for himself alone, shall it is found inconvenient to observe prepare for the worst that can happen. them.

My best wishes always attend you; Thus situated, sustaining daily in- and with great esteem and regard, I juries, even indignities, with a patient am, Sir, your most obedient humble forbearance, from a sincere desire to servant, GEO. WASHINGTON. live in peace and 'harmony with all

[North Wales Gazette.) the world ; the French Directory, mis{aking the motives and the American character, and supposing that the peo- Account of MAYNOOTH COLLEGE. ple of this country were divided, and would give countenance to their nefa- The following account of the Catholic rious measures, have proceeded to ex- College at Maynooth is extracted act loans (or in other words, contribu

from the Papers lately laid before the tions) and to threaten us,

House of Commonsi

in non-compliance with their wild, un- CHE Roman Catholic College at

THE founded, and incoherent complaints, Maynooth, as is well known, was


case of

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