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In 1829, when a popular cry was raised against the
members of the Church of Rome, and carried, as
usual, to an excess; and they were spoken of as
hardly deserving the name of Christian, and men
seemed inclined to consider the Socinians, who blas-
pheme the Lord of Glory, as more worthy of Chris-
tian brotherhood than the Romans who worship Him,
there seemed to be an opportunity to do good, and
to serve the cause of truth and charity by shewing
that however new, unwarranted, unsound, and dan-
gerous many of the Roman tenets are, they are not
such, provided they who hold them would keep them
to themselves, as to annul their Christian character,
nor to deprive them of their claim, as Christians, to
communion at our hands, should they be willing to
seek it. An attempt to do this was given to the world
in a little volume, entitled 1 « A Christian Peace-offer-

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"A Christian Peace-offering, &c. Lond. Rivingtons, 1829.




ing,” which met with the reception which was to be anticipated. It was ill regarded by the Romans, and procured for the writer from the members of his own Church many a cold look and colder suspicion, not unaccompanied in some instances with open vituperation, as though he were a Papist in disguise. And, indeed, I must confess that in my anxiety to see justice done to our opponents, I did them more than justice, and pressed, to the borders of extenuation, my endeavour to procure a fair consideration of their opinions. I do not, however, regret having made the attempt. For the sake of doing them justice, when less than justice seemed likely to be awarded them, I did not shrink from incurring suspicion, ill-will, and reproach. I am therefore the more at liberty, now that their position is altered, and a different danger is to be apprehended in respect of them, to take the course which that new danger, and their altered position, combine to point out as necessary.

East Horsley,
July 1, 1836.




ONE of the great difficulties with which the clergy of the Church of England have to contend in the controversy with Rome, now re-opened, consists in the scarcity and costliness of the works from which alone accurate knowledge of the Roman doctrines is to be obtained. With a view to remedy this evil in part, there are presented to the Reader in the following collection, extracted from all the Councils authoritatively received in the Church of Rome, all the decrees upon the points in dispute between it and the Church of England; thus enabling the student upon this subject to substitute a small octavo volume for sixteen or seventeen folios. That the work may be useful to others besides the clergy, the decrees have been given in English, but the originals have been subjoined, that there might be no room to question the (at least intentional) accuracy of the translation. The work from which they have been extracted, is that which is understood to be in best repute with the Romans, namely, the

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