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becau went cerem

in the

of God, that it is good. And the popish also do 80 believe in Christ, and so will be his servants, that they

De bound unto dumb ceremonies and dead works,
putting their trust and confidence in them, and hoping to
be saved by them, and ascribing unto them the thank of

salvation and righteousness.
And therefore because, as I said, the Jews, yea, and
the heathen too, were so accustomed unto ceremonies, and

e such a multitude came with a faithless faith, they Ceremonies lean contrary unto the mind of Paul, and set up the New

set up in nies in the New Testament, partly borrowing them Testament. of M Oses, and partly imagining like, as ye now see, and called

them sacraments, that is to say, signs (as it is plain

Stories) the sacrament of holy water, of holy fire, holy bread, holy salt, and so forth. And they gave them significations. "As, holy water signifieth the sprinkling of what holy blood for our redemption; which sacrament or

water sig

nifieth. ugh it seem superfluous, (inasmuch as the sacrayet as

Christ's body and blood signifieth the same daily)
ng as the signification bode, it hurted not. And
ng of the pax was set up to signify, that the peace The par.
t should be ever among us, one to love another
ensample, as the word itself well declareth. For

much to say as peace.

as for confirmation, it is no doubt but that it came Confiritself

up, and that this was the use, which the word mation. which

11 declareth. We read in the stories, that they Confirtion, Jere converted unto the faith of the

age of discre- nation,

how it in the ere full taught in the law of God (as right is) and

came first and u

aith of our Saviour Jesus, yet they were baptized, unto the and fa

on the profession or promising to keep that law
Ch, were baptized. And then for the succour and
young children, baptized before the age of discre-

know the law of God and faith of Christ was con-
n instituted, that they should not be alway igno-
faithless, but be taught the profession of their

And this no doubt was the manner, as we may

Christs sign, tha ment

I the kis of Ch. after h

pax is

And this wa


helpe tion, firmat



well gather by probable conjectures and evident tokens, when the children were of six or seven years old, their elders brought them unto the priest or deacon in every parish, which officer taught the children what their baptism meant, and what they had professed therein : that is to wit, the law of God and their duty unto all degrees, and the faith of our Saviour. And then, because it should not be neglect or left undone, an higher officer, as the archdeacon (for it bath not been as I suppose in the bishop's hands

alway as now, neither were it meet) came about from The man

parish to parish, at times convenient. And the priests ner of confirming of brought the children unto him at eleven or twelve years children,

old, before they were admitted to receive the Sacrament of Christ's body, haply. And he apposed them of the law of God and faith of Christ, and asked them, whether they thought that law good, and whether their hearts were to follow it? And they answered Yea.

And he apposed them in the articles of our faith, and asked them, whether they put their hope and trust in

Christ, to be saved through his death and nierits? And This is a they answered, Yea. Then confirmed he their baptism, sayright confrantioning, I confirm you ; that is, I denounce and declare, by

the authority of God's word, and doctrine of Christ, that ye be truly baptized within in your hearts, and in your spirits, through professing the law of God, and the faith of our Saviour Jesus, which your outward baptism doth signify; and thereupon I put this cross in your foreheads, that ye go and fight against the devil, the world and the flesh, under the standard of our Saviour, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Amen. Which manner I would to God, for his tender mercy, were in use

this day.

But after that the devil was broken loose, and the bishops began to purchase, and the deacons to scratch all to them, and the spiritualty to climb on high ; then, because the labour seemeth too tedious and painful to appose the children one by one, they asked the priests that presented

ihezza only, whether the children were taught the profession The abuse of their baptism ? And they answered Yea. And so upon mation.

words they confirmed them without apposing. So

they no longer apposed them, the priests no longer taught them, but committed the charge to their godfathers and godmothers, and they to the father and mother, discharging themselves by their own authority within half

their wheb

an hour.

A Latins beris and


And to con they be

be co

rance becau

d the father and mother taught them a monstrous The fruits Paternoster and an Ave and a Creed. Which gib- of igno

e very popinjay speaketh with a sundry pronunciation Fashion, so that one Paternoster seemeth as many languzages, almost, as there be tongues that speak it. How beit,' it is all one, as long as they understand it not.

process, as the ignorance grew, they brought them
rmation straight from baptism : so that now oftimes

volowed and bishopped both in one day, that is, we Confirever. firmed in blinduess to be kept from knowledge for mation is

now a And thus are we come into this damnable igno- confirming

in all supernd fierce wrath of God, through our own deserving, stition, ig. And when the truth was told us, we had no love thereto. norance,

and popery. prela

declare the full and set wrath of God upon us, our given

whom we have exalted over us, to whom we have princ

almost all we had, have persuaded the worldly up or

(to whom we have submitted ourselves, and given

power) to devour us up body and soul, and to keep falseb

yn in darkness, with violence of sword, and with all

od and guile. Insomuch, that if any do but lift up The papiswith

e to smell after the truth, they swap him in the face tistical ty. of hi

fire-brand, to singe his smelling; or if he open one they

eyes once to look toward the light of God's word,

ear and daze his sight with their false juggling : 80 coul

it were possible, though he were God's elect, he ledg

not but be kept down, and perish for lack of know-
of the truth.
d in like manner, because Christ had instituted the
Rent of his body and blood, to keep us in remem-



his na




first into


The alb.

The fanoon.

How the

brance of his body breaking, and blood shedding for our ceremonies about the sins, therefore went they and set up this fashion of the tion of the mass, and ordained sacraments in the ornaments thereof to Lord's sup- signify and express all the rest of his passion. The amice per came

the head is the kerchief that Christ was blindthe church. folded with, when the soldiers buffeted him and mocked Amice.

him, saying, Prophesy unto us who smote thee? But now it may well signify that he that putteth it on is blinded, and hath professed to lead us after him in dark

ness, according unto the beginning of his play. And The Nap on

the Aap thereon is the crown of thorns. And the alb is the amice. the white garment that Herod put on him, saying, he was

a fool because he held his peace and would not answer

him. And the two flaps on the sleeves, and the other two The flap on the alb. on the alb beneath over against his feet behind and before,

are the four nails. And the fanon on his hand, the cord

that his hands were bound with ; and the stool, the rope The stool.

wherewith he was bound unto the pillar, when he was The corpo scourged; and the corporis-cloth, the sindon wherein he The altar. was buried; and the altar is the cross, or haply the grave,

and so forth. And the casting abroad of his hands, the

splaying of Christ upon the cross. And the light and Candles, sticking up of candles, and bearing of candles or taMatt. 5. pers in procession haply signified this text, (Matt. 5.)

Ye be the light of the world, and let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and

glorify your Father which is in heaven. And the salt Salt.

signifieth the wisdom of Christ's doctrine, and that we should therewith salt our deeds and do nothing without the authority of God's word. So that in one thing or other, what in the garments, and what in the gestures all his played, in so much that before he will go to mass, he will be sure to sell him, lest Judas's part should be left

out. All cere

And so throughout all the sacraments, ceremonies or the begin. signs (three words of one signification) there were signifining had significa

cations unto them at the beginning. And so long as it tions,

inonies at

was but .unto

St. tion Chrz the And

Jews more

even weight

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understood what was meant by them ; and they did
serve the people, and preach one thing or another

them, they hurted not greatly, though that the free servant of Christ ought not to be brought violently into captivity, under the bondage of traditions of men. .

As ustin complaineth in his days, how that the condi- Austin. and state of the Jews was more easy than the The state tians under traditions: so sore had the tyranny of of the hepherds invaded the flock already in those days. easy than

then what just cause have we to complain [of] our tians under captă vity now; unto whose yoke from that time hitherto, traditions.

Ewelve hundred years long, hath ever somewhat more

been added to, for to keep us down, and to conform us in blindness: howbeit, as long as the significations bode, they hurted not the soul, though they were painfe unto the body. Nevertheless I impute this our Out of the

as fall into

extreme and horrible blindness in we are so deep and so deadly brought asleep) ignorance nothing so much as unto the multitude of ceremo- Scripture.

For as soon as the prelates bad set up such a the of ceremonies, they thought it superfluous to preach tule of

The multiain text any longer, and the law of God, faith of ceremonies

put away love toward our neighbour, and the order of our preaching. ng and salvation, forasmuch as all such things Jlayed before the people's faces, daily in the cere- Ceremoes and every child wist the meaning : but got them chief cause

of ignoallegories, feigning them every man after his own then

without rule, almost on-every syllable ; and from wor

unto disputing and wasting their brains about the

; not attending the significations until at the last and

y people had lost the meaning of the ceremonies; of t

he prelates, the understanding of the plain text, and is

Greek, Latin, and specially of the Hebrew, which pro

ost of need to be known, and of all phrases, the
er manner of speakings, and borrowed speech of the

griev (whe unto nies. rabbi

of the

Chri just were mon unto brai

nies are the




=member ye not how within this thirty years and

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