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are no

all that he can lay against me, that of an hundred there be not ten that have the properties which Paul requireth to to be in them. Wherefore, if oiling and shaving be no part of their priesthood, then evermore of a thousand, nine hundred at the least should be no priests at all. And quoth your friend, would confirm it with an oath, and swear deeply, that it would follow, and that it must needs so be. Which argument yet, if there were no other shift, I would solve after an Oxford fashion, with Concedo consequentiam et consequens. And I say moreover that their anointing is but a ceremony borrowed of the Jews, though they have somewhat altered the manner; and their

shaving borrowed of the heathen priests; and that they be Oil, salt, more of their priesthood, than the oil, salt, spittle, and spittle

taper and chrisom-cloth, of the substance of baptism. parts of

Which things, no doubt, because they be of their conbaptism.

juring, they would have preached of necessity unto the salvation of the child, except necessity had driven them unto the contrary.

And seeing that the oil is not of necessity, let M. More tell me what more virtue is in the oil of con

firmation, inasmuch as the bishop sacreth the one as well Oil hath as the other; yea, and let him tell the reason why there in it no vir

should be more virtue in the oil wherewith the bishop tue at all, though the anointeth his priests. Let him tell you from whence the bishop hallow it.

oil cometh, how it is made, and why he selleth it to the curates wherewith they anoint the sick, or whether this be of less virtue than the other.

And finally, why used not the apostles this Greek word iepeús, or the interpreter, this Latin word sacerdos,

but alway this word presbyteros and senior, by which was The minis.

at that time nothing signified but an elder? And it was

no doubt taken of the custom of the Hebrews, where the the Jews were named officers were ever elderly men, as nature requireth. As it elders, be- appeareth in the Old Testament, and also in the New.

The scribes, pharisees, and the elders of the people, saith the text, which were the officers and rulers, so called by the reason of their


ters among

their age.



than cha.


hath divers

HE rebuketh me also that I translate this Greek word Why Tyn

åyårn into love, and not rather into charity, so holy this word and so known a term. Verily, charity is no known love rather English, in that sense which agape requireth. For when we say, Give your alms in the worship of God, and sweet saint charity; and when the father teacheth his son to say Blessing, father, for saint charity; what mean they? In good faith they wot not. Moreover, when we say, God help you, I have done my charity for this day, do we not take it for alms ? and, The man is ever chiding and out of charity, Charity and I beshrew him saving my charity : there we take it for

significapatience. And when I say, A charitable man, it is taken tions. for merciful. And though mercifulness be a good love, or rather spring of a good love, yet is not every good love mercifulness, As when a wonian loveth her husband godly, or a man his wife or his friend that is in none adversity, it is not always mercifulness. Also we say not, This Love is also man hath a great charity to God, but a great love. Where- understood. fore I must have used this general term love, in spite of mine heart oftentimes.


and charitas were Words used among the heathen ere Christ came, and signifies therefore more than a godly love. And we may say well enough, and have heard it spoken, that the Turks be charitable one to another, among themselves, and some of them Unto the Christians too. Besides all this agape is common

ubto all loves.

More is

And when M. More saith, Every love is not charity: no Every love

every apostle Christ's apostle ; nor every angel is not chaGod's angel; nor every hope Christian hope ; nor every every cha faith or belief Christ's belief; and so by an hundred thousand words. So that if I should always use but a

rity is not love.

word that were no more general than the word I interpret, I should interpret nothing at all. But the matter itself and the circumstances do declare what love, what hope, and what faith is spoken of. And, finally, I say not Charity God, or Charity your neighbour, but Love God, and Love your neighbour, yea, and though we say man ought to love his neighbour's wife and his daughter, a Christian man doth (not] understand that he is commanded to defile his neighbour's wife or his daughter.


dale saith

Why Tyn- AND with like reasons rageth he because I turn xápis

into favour, and not into grace, saying that Every favour favour, and

is not not grace.


and that in some favour there is but little grace. I can say also in some grace there is little goodness. And when we say he standeth well in my lady's grace, we understand no great godly favour. And in universities many ungracious graces are gotten.



and not penance.

Knowledge AND that I use this word knowledge and not confession, and not confession,

and this word repentance and not penance. In which repentance all he cannot prove that I give not the right English unto

the Greek word. But it is a far other thing that paineth them and biteth them by the breasts. There be secret pangs that pinch the very hearts of them, whereof they dare not complain. The sickness that maketh them so impatient is, that they have lost their juggling terms. For the doctors and preachers were wont to make many



visions, distinctions, and sorts of grace; gratis data, gra-
tum faciens, preveniens, and subsequens. And with con- The pa-

pists may fession they juggled, and so made the people, as oft as they not forbear spake of it, understand shrist in the ear. Whereof the to have

their jugScripture maketh no mention : no, it is clean against the gling Scripture as they use it and preach it, and unto God an abomination, and a foul stinking sacrifice unto the filthy idol Priapus. The loss of those juggling terms is the matter whereof all these bots breed, that gnaw them by the bellies and make them so unquiet.

And in like manner, by this word penance, they make Penance. the people understand holy deeds of their enjoining, with which they must make satisfaction unto Godward for their Penance sins. When all the Scripture preacheth that Christ hath made was profitfull satisfaction for our sins to Godward, and we must now be papists. thankful to God again, and kill the lusts of our flesh with holy works of God's enjoining, and to take patiently all that God layeth on my back. And if I have hurt my neighbour, I True penam bound to shrine myself unto him and to make him ance what amends, if I have wherewith, and if not, then to ask him forgiveness, and he is bound to forgive me. And as for thieir penance, the Scripture knoweth not of. The Greek hath Metanoia and Metanoite, repentance and repent, or forethinking and forethink. As we say in English It forethinketh me, or I forethink; and I repent, or It re- Faith in penteth me, and I am sorry that I did it. So now the Christ

bringeth Scripture saith, Repent, or let it forethink you, and come and true rebelieve the gospel or glad tidings that is brought you in pentance. Christ, and so shall all be forgiven you, and henceforth live a new life. And it will follow if I repent in the heart that I shall do no more so, willingly, and of purpose. And if I believed the gospel, what God hath done for me in Christ, I should surely love bim again, and of love prepare myself unto his commandments.

These things to be even so M. More knoweth well enough. For he understandeth the Greek, and he knew them long ere I. But so blind is covetousness and drunken

it is.

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desire of honour. Gifts blind the eyes of the seeing, and Deut. xvii. pervert the words of the righteous. (Deut. xvii.) When

covetousness findeth vantage in serving falsehood, it riseth up into an obstinate malice against the truth, and

seeketh all means to resist it and to quench it. As BaBalaam. laam the false prophet, though he wist that God loved

Israel, and had blessed them, and promised them great things, and that he would fulfil his promises, yet for covetousness and desire of honour, he fell into such malice against the truth of God, that he sought how to resist it and to curse the people. Which when God would not let him do, he turned himself another way and gave pestilent counsel to make the people sin against God; whereby the wrath of God fell upon them and many thousands perished. Notwithstanding God's truth abode fast and was fulfilled in the rest. And Baalam, as he was the cause that many perished, so escaped he not himself. No more did any that maliciously resisted the open truth against his own

conscience, since the world began, that ever I read. For The sin

it is sin against the Holy Ghost, which Christ saith shall against the neither be forgiven here nor in the world to come: which Holy

text may thiswise be understood, that as that sin shall be punished with everlasting damnation in the life to come, even so shall it not escape vengeance here. As thou seest in Judas, in Pharaoh, in Balaam, and in all other tyrants which against their consciences resisted the open truth of God.

So now the cause why our prelates thus rage, and that moveth them to call M. More to help, is, not that they find

just causes in the translation, but because they have lost 2 Pet. ii.

their juggling and feigned terms wherewith Peter prophesied they should make merchandise of the people.


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