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fword,” Gen. 3, 24. as a Symbol of the ORACLE"-De Cherubim, p. 86. And again, “God, having sharpened the diffečtur of all things, His ORACLE (τον τομέα των συμπανίων, αυτε ΛOΓON) divideth the unformed and unmade esence of the whole.”-Quis Rerum Divin. Hæres. p. 391.
5. " Thy arrows Care] Jharp; peoples (shall fall) under Thee; THÉ King's enemies Mall fail in heart.”
In the usual way of rendering this obscure paffage, “ Thine Arrows [are) sharp (the people shall fall under Thee) in the heart of the Kings enemies." The Hyperbaton or “ transition,” marked by the Parenthesis, is abrupt and unnatural; wherefore to make the sense plainer, our Public Translation, transposes the words ;-" Thine arrows (are] Sharp in the hearts of the King's enemies; (whereby] the people fall under Thee." But the ingenious emendation proposed by Darell, in his Critical Remarks, seems much preferable: He refers the verb, 159', to the following (not the foregoing) words of the sentence; and renders it, they shall fail,” or be “ dismayed,” or “cast down,” in which fenfe, the verb is also used in parallel passages: “ Let no mans heart fail” (as SEY) 1 Sam. 17, 32. “ And they were much cast down (15999 in their own eyes.” Neh. 6, 16. This furnishes a most noble climax to the sentence : representing first, the sharpness of Christ's arrows; next, the havoc they spread and lastly, the general dismay and confternation produced thereby in the heart of a The King's enemies; even of those who were not engaged in the battle. And the whole accords perfectly with the representations of Holy Writ:In another sublime vision of the Apocalypse, Christ triumphant, is thus represented, Rev. 6, 2.
“And I saw, and lo a white horse; and his rider having a bow: and there was given to him a crown: and he went forth conquering and in order to conquer”-thus marking his present and future conquests : and the latter are thus magnificently described, after the opening of the fixth Seal : Rev. 6, 12.
“ And lo, there was a great earthquake ; and the fun became black as hair lackcloth, and the moon, as blood; and the stars of heaven fell to the ground, as a fig tree casteth its early figs, when shaken by a great wind: And the heaven departed, as a scroll rolled up, and every mountain and isand were removed out of their places :"
And the effects of these tremendous judgments, on the heart of all beholders, is thus awfully represented in the sublimest imagery: 6, 15.
“And the Kings of the earth, and the nobles, and the rich, and the captains, and the mighty, and every servant, and every freeman, hid themselves, in the caves, and in the rocks of the mountains : And they say to the mountains and to the rocks: Fall upon us ! and hide us from the face of Him THAT SITTETH ON THE THRONE, and from the wrath of THE LAMB: for the great day of his wrath is come, and who shall be able to Stand !"
Thy Throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever ;
With oil of gladness above thy fellows." Various and discordant have been the guesses, and abortive the attempts of the open and the concealed enemies, or the well meaning but injudicious
friends of CHRISTIANITY, to overthrow, undermine or unsettle the unequivocal and decisive evidence of this most important passage, to the proper divinity of Jesus Christ : And although I have already endeavoured to vindicate it from misrepresentation, in the Critique on the Introduction to the Helreus, vol. 2, p. 16, and also, On the primitive names of the Deity, Part II. p. 246, under the head, ÆLOHIM: yet it inay not be useless or unneceffary to enumerate the several glojjes, ancient and modern, that have been put thereon ;
1. Aben Ezra, to elude its force, supposes an ellipsis of the word throne, understood : “ Thy throne is (the throne) of God, for ever”. Solomon fate on the throne of the Lord, as King, injiead of David his father," i Chron. 29, 23. But a greater than Solomon is here meant; and the ellipsis is far fetched, and rejected by the Chaldee Paraphraft and all the verhons without exception.
2. R. Gæon, supposcs an ellipsis of “ David," and of “ will establish" --thus, “ Thy throne, [O Durid] GOD (will establish] for ever."--Butto suppose David, the writer of the Hymn, to apostrophize himself thus, is absurd and impious.
3. He also supposes, that the term God, may be used in an inferior sense, as Moses was made a Gorl to Pharaok” Exod. 7. 1-And this notion seems to have been adopted by the BRITISH CRITIC, as stated in the latter critique referred to above-and there, I trust, fully refuted.
4. A Leader in the Unitarian School, Wakefield, renders--- God is thy throne for ever and ever.” But as your correspondent Buuhend, well observed thereon, Vol. 1. p. 392. To convert God himself into a throne for the Son to sit on, is a perversion of rhetoric and reason, little thort of blafpherny.
5. It is our furnise however~" GOD [faith] thy throne is to the age of the age” Vol. 1. 331, cannot stand, for this additional reason ; that although deyek, “ faith" might perhaps be understood, as marking a citation, in the Introduction to the Hebrews : it cannot poflibly be understood or introduced without violence to the context, in the forty-fifth psalm, in which ÆLOHIM, God, is part of the original text ; and is taken vocatively, by the Chaldee paraphraft and all the versions ; as 'o eos, was proved to be, in the Septuagint version of Pr. 22. 1. compared with Matt. 27. 46.
6. As a laft fubterfuge, fome would fain expunge ÆLOHIM, entirely from the text, (see Slichtingius on Rom. 9. 5.) contrary to all ancient versions, editions, and MSS.
Rejecting all thele“ imaginations," as idle and mischievous, we are fully authorized to understand, the passage in the usual construction, as descriptive of the divinity of Christ.; of the duration of his kingdom, and of his transcendent exaltation, in confequence of his superior worth and excellence, above his fellows : or the angels; as understood by the Introduction of the Hebreus, 1. 7-9-far above every principality, and jurisiliction, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in the future :" Ephef. 1. 21. “ Angels and jurisdictions and powers having been subjected unto Him," i Pet. 3, 24. go to whom all authority was given in Heaven and in earth," at his resurreation. Matt. 28. 18
The following sublime description of his Throne, and of the general Judgment, is also furnithed by the Apocalypte, 20. 11-14.
"And I saw a great white throne, and Him that fat thereon ; from whose face the earth and the Heavens.fed; and there was found no place for them : And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before the Throne ; and the Books were opened, and another Book was opened, which is (the Book] of Life : and the dead were judged out of the things written in the Books according to their works : and Death and Hades were caft into the Lake of Fire : (This is the second Death.) and whosoever was not found written in the Book of Life, was cast into the Lake of Fire."
N.B. In the received Greek Text, the Dead are represented, as stand. ing (EXWTTION TO Okr) before God”-namely, The God who sat upon the Throne ; and which corresponds with the Psalmist's Title, ÆLOHIM : however, as the reading, EWTION T8 pove, " before the throne" is supported by the authority of all the ancient Versions, the Syriac, Vulgate, Æthiopic, Arabic and Coptic ; by the earliest editions, the Complutentian, Plautin, Geneva; by the Alexandrine and Vatican, and 15 other MSS. of character, and restored into the Text by Bengelius and Griesbuch; I cannot hesitate to adopt it: More especially, as according to the usage of the writers of the New Testament, the term, o'cE02, taken absolutely or unconnected, denotes “THE SUPREME GOD"-who clearly is not meant in this place : as will further appear from our Lord's fuller description of the last Judgment : Matt. 25. 31.
(To be concluded in our next.)
THE TARGUMIM OR CHALDEE PARAPHRASES,
Geness, Cha. 6. v. 1.
AND it came to pass when the sons of Men began to mul
tiply upon the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them.
Pseudo-Jonathan. And it came to pass when the sons of men began to multiply upon the face of the earth, and beautiful daughters were born unto them.
2. 0. That the fons of the nobles saw the daughters of men that they were beautiful; and they took unto themselves wives of all whom they chose.
P.J. That the sons of the nobles saw the daughters of men that they were beautiful, both painting their faces and curling their hair, and walking in fleshly * impudence and imagination of whoredom, and they took unto themselves wives of all whom they chose.
3. 0. And the Lord said, This wicked generation shall not live before me for
ever, inasmuch as they are flesh, and their works are evil, a prorogation of punishment shall be given them, even an hundred and twenty years, if so be that they will repent. * Openness or manifestation of the flesh.
P. J. And the Lord said by his word: All those wicked generations which are to arise shall not be judged after the order of THE JUDGMENT OP THE GENERATION OF THE FLOOD, TO BE DESTROYED AND rooted out from the midst of the world. Have I not placed in them the Spirit of my Holiness, in order that they should perform good works ? But, behold! because they have performed ill their works, behold! I gave
them a term of an hundred and twenty years, in order that they might exercise repentance, but they have not done it.
J. And * the word of the Lord said, The generations that are to arise after the generation of the flood shall not be judged that they should be destroyed, consumed, and utterly rooted out. Have I not placed my Spirit in the sons of men, for that they are filesh, and that their works may be good works? Because their works are evil works, behold! I gave them the space of an hundred and twenty years; if fo be that they would exercise repentance, but they have not done it.
4. 0. There were giants in the earth in those days and also after that the sons of the nobles had gone in unto the daughters of men and had begotten children of them. These were mighty men who were of old men oft renown.
P.J. Schamchazai and Uzill, these were they who fell from heaven, were upon the earth in those days and also after that the fons of the nobles went in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children unto them, and these were called men who were of old, men of † renown.
5. O. And when the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was multi. plied upon the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil | day by day.
P.J. And the Lord law that the wickedness of man was great upon the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evił every day.
6. 0. Then it repented the Lord within himself that he had made man upon the earth, and he said within himlelf that he would bruise their itrength according $ as it seemed good to him.
P.J. And the Lord repented in himself that he had made man upon the earth, and he passed judgment upon them in himself.
J. And || it repented the Lord in his word that he had made man upon the earth, and he talked and reasoned with his heart.
7. O. And the Lord said, I will destroy the man whom I have created from off the face of the earth, from man even unto the cattle, unto the creeping thing and unto the fowl of the air, for it repenteth me within myself that I have made them.
P.J. And the Lord said, I will destroy man by my word whom I have created from off the face of the earth, from man even unto the cattle, unto the creeping thing and unto the fowl of the air, for it repenteth me in mytelf that I have made them.
* His word. I Name. † Every day.
§ To his will.
8. 0. But Noach found * mercy before the Lord. P. J. But Noach, who was a just man, found favor before the Lord.
J. But Noach because he was just in his generation found favor and mercy before the Lord.
9. 0. These are the generations of Noach ; Noach was a just man, perfect in his generation. In the fear of the Lord walked Noach.
P.J. This is the * lineage of the generation, of Noach ; Noach was a just man, perfect allo in good works was he in his generations. In the fear of the Lord walked Noach.
10. 0. And Noach hegat three Sons, Shem, Cham, and Japheth. P.J. And Noach begat three Sons, Shem, Cham, and Japheth.
11. 0). And the earth was corrupt before the Lord, and the earth was filled with * rapine.
P.J. And the earth was corrupt through the inhabitants thereof, who had turned aside from the right paths in the fight of the Lord, and the earth was filled with * rapine. J. And the earth was filled with violence and rapine.
12. 0. And the Lord contemplated the earth, and behold it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted every man liis way upon the earth.
P.J. And the Lord saw the earth and behold! it was corrupt, for all filesh had corrupted every one his way upon the earth.
13. 0. And the Lord said unto Noach, The end of all flesh is come before me, for the earth is filled with rapine through their evil works, and behold! I will destroy them with the earth.
P.J. And the Lord said unto Noach, The end of all flesh is come from before me, for the earth is filled with rapine through their evil works, and behold I uill destroy them with the earth.
14. 0. Make to thyself an ark of cedar-wood, rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and thou shall cover it within and without with pitch.
P.J. Make unto thyself an ark of cedar wood, an hundred and fifty cells shalt thou make in the ark in its left side, and thirty-fix in its breadth, and ten binns in the middle wherein to place food, and five compartments on the right hand and five on its left, and thou shalt smear it within and
J. An ark of the wood of cedar.
0. And thus, it is that thou thalt make it: three hundred cubits Mall be the length of the ark, fifty cubits its breadth, and thirty cubits its
without with pitch.
16. 0. A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above, and the door of the ark thou shalt place in the side thereof, with lower, fecond, and third rooms thou shalt make it.
P.J. Go unto Pithon, and take from thence the † precious stone, and thou shalt place it in the ark to give light unto you, and in a cubit' thalt * Plural.
+ Vide Sanhedrin, fol. 108, col. 2. Vol. III. Churchm. Mag. Dec. 1902.