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thoroughly a Calvinist as ever was nursed in the lap of Geneva in the days of Beza. The object of Mr. Overton is to prove that the doctrines of Calvin are exactly those of the Anglican Church ; and he has adopted the same evidences and arguments in support of his position as were before alledged by Edwards and Toplady. There is nothing new in this book, except the manner in which it is drawn up, and in the style of the author, the former being speciniis, and the latter moderate. But he has found Mr: Pearson an overmatch in every respect.

We have already noticed the firli Letter of Mr. Pearson to the author of The True Churchman, on the inject of Justification; and even from our extracts, it must strike every candid reader that he has clearly the advantage over Mr. Overton in argument, as well as in found theological knowledge. He now appears in the same respectable light as the combatant of Mr. Overton's main-ground, the Calvinism of the Church of England.

The principal, if not the only support, on which this notion refts, is the private opinion of many of our early divines upon the doctrines in question. Certainly there can be no doubt that some of our first reformers, and many considerable members of our Church afterwards were pre; destinarians of the Sublaplarian class ; but when this is conceded, what does Calvinisin gain ? Not that the Confession of the Church of England is Calvinisiic. On this point Mr. Pearson justly observes, that

The truth evidently is, that some of our reformers were inclined to Calvinism, and others to Arminianilin ; and the consequence, as might be expected, was, that neither Calvinili nor Arminianilin was exclusively eltablished. To the Church of England is “ fua opinio, fuus honor.” Properly speaking, the is not, in her doctrines, any more than in her discipline, Calvinistic, Arminian, Romißh, or Lutheran ; but, combining the perfections of all these persuasions, and avoiding their faults and defects, the stands as diftinguished in a religious view, as the State to which she is allied, does in a political one. Though, therefore, it is natural enough, from the private opinions of individuals who were concerned in the Reformation, to form conjectures respecting the opinions which were meant to be established as the doctrines of the Church, and though to such conjectures, it may not be unreasonable to allow fome degree of probability, yet in vain must ever be the attempt thence to ascertain those dočtrines. This can be done no otherwise than hy a fair interpretation of the Articles, &c. themselves, in which the do&trines of the Church are professed to be delivered.”

Mr. Overton has brought forward the great name of Hooker as his ally ; but Mr. Pearson has fatisfa&orily proved that he has done this withput any reason. He has repelled quotation to quotation, and fully vindicated that judicious divine from the charge of Calvinifin. With one extract more from this excellent and convincing publication, we shall here close our review.

" Whether (says Mr. Pearson) Calvinists of the present day, who are professed members of the Church of England, would, if they had the power, effect an alteration in the Articles themselves, I will not venture positively to affirm; but this i may say, without fear of refutation, that, confiftently with obedience to the Royal Declaration which is prefixed to the Articles, and of which, I fuppose, no one will deny the validity, the Articles cannot be afferted to be exclufively Calvinistic. The Arminians, who form the great body of the English Clergy, and of the English people, are, I believe, very well fatisfied with the Articles in their present itate. I profess at least for myself, who certainly am not a Calvinist, that, even with re. fpect to the Seventeenth Article, in which an Arminian might be supposed to find the most difficulty, I do not with for any alteration. My opinion, indeed, re. specting the sense of that Article, may not agree with that of many Calvinists; but then, I think, that its sense is by Calviniits aften perverted. The Article, it Vol. III. Churchm. Mag. Nov. 1802.



may be observed, is so cautiously drawn up, that it does not contain any positive assertion of the truth of predestination ; but after laying down a definition of the term, merely points out the circumstances, in which, whether true or falfe in itself, the application of the doctrine of predestination will be productive of good or harm. When the doctrine of predestination is applied to such “ godly persons as the Article had in view; to those, who have long lived in the profession and practice of true religion; and who “ having attained to the image of Jesus Chrift, walk religiously in good works," the application of it cannot do any harm. On the contrary, if duly tempered by humility, as, in such persons, will not fail to be, it is a ground of comfort, to which, by the promises of the Gospel, they seem to be entitled, as the foretaste of that heavenly bliss, to which the religion of Christ will eventually lead them. To such persons a participation in the holy assurance of St, Paul that “ there is laid up for them a crown of righteousness,” is not to be denied. But when, as is frequently the case, this doctrine, from mistaken notions concerning the new birth, is applied to persons, who are lately turned from a careless or wicked life, and who have made fome (let uş say some sincere) resolutions of living better for the future, the application of it is in itself presumptuous and impious, and the probable effects of it extremely dangerous."

There are some other pieces of this firm, judicious, and temperate writer, before us, to which we shall pay due attention in our next.


A Sermon, preached in the Parish Church of Walsall, in the County of

Stafford, at the Archdeacon's Visitation, August 12, 1802. By the
Rev. EDWARD Cooper, Rector of Ilamjiall Ridware. 8v0. pp. 30.
THIS is a very seasonable and impreilive discourse upon that suitable text

i Tim. iv. 16.-" Take heed unto thyself, and unto thy doctrine; continue in them : for in doing this, thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.”

The preacher judiciously observes, that in a zeal to oppose destructive tenets, we are in a danger of being carried into a contrary extreme. He therefore presses upon his auditory to maintain the great fundamentals of Christian doctrine in their Scriptural purity, at the same time that they guard their flocks against the enthusiastic abuses of them. Thus, for inItance, he states and pleads for those two essential doctrines of the gospel« Justification by Faith alone,” and “ the Renewal of the Heart to Holiness by the Spirit of God.” But while he does this, he exposes in strong terms the Antinomian heresy, and the pernicious doctrines of " momen tary conversion, and Sensible impulses of the Spirit.” This Sermon has afforded us great pleasure, and does credit not only to the author, but to the Archdeacon and Clergy who requested its publication.


Eight Discourses on the Connection between the Old and New Testament,

considered as Two Parts of the fume Divine Revelation ; and demonstrative of the Great Doctrine of Atonenient : accompanied with a Prelimi; nary Discourse, respectfully addrefed to the Younger Clergy: containing Some Remarks on the late Profeljor CAMPBELL'S Ecclefiaftical History. By the Rev. CHARLES DAUBENY, L. L. B. Fellow of Winchester College, Minister of Christ's Church, Bath, and Author of "A Guide to

the Church." London, 1802. SURROUNDED as the Church of England is at this time by her open enemies, protected as she is by the indifference of her real friends, and



wounded she continues to be by those of her own communion, who call themselves her obedient sons, but whose chief business it is to destroy her unity ; we cannot but hail, with pleasure and gratitude, the efforts of this Champion of her Apostolic Institution, to open the eyes of those who have been led astray by the craft of artful and designing men, and to develope the causes which have given rise to opinions, as dangerous to her peace, as subversive of the fundamental doctrines of Christianity.

This Volume opens with the “ Preliminary Discourse,” mentioned in the title page, and as it contains matter of importance, relating, not only to the substance of the Chriftian Faith, but the divine right of Episcopacy, presumptuously and ignorantly attacked by a late profetfor in the Scotch Kirk; we think it our duty to speak of it at full length, and to submit to our readers an analysis of the whole.

After some general observations upon diversity of opinion which prevails on religion, and some pertinent remarks on that loose system of mot tality, which has, for some time past, been gaining ground among a class of mankind, from whom a better line of conduct might have been expected ; after noticing the zealous exertions of “those, falsely called Philosophers ;” such as Hume, who confessed that he had never read the New Testament with attention ; and we may add such as Voltaire, Godwin, and Payne, who perverted what they had read, for the purpose “ of introducing baseless theories, which are the misshaped creatures of their own ungoverned fancy”—the Reverend Author rightly concludes :" Hence have we to lament, that disregard for received opinions, and that contempt for established institutions, which have by degrees geneTated that loose system of morality, and that general indifference for religion, which it will require the wisdom and exertion, both of the statefman and divine, effectually to counteract.”

To counteract this evil, Mr. D. then proceeds to trace it up to its source.--" Heathenism was originally built on the corruption of Revelation. And by the neglect of that divine source of illumination, many Christians have fallen, and are continually falling back into a similar ftate of spiritual darkness. In both cases, the vain imagination of foolith man has superseded the infallible standard of religious truth: and the effect, in both cases, has not failed to correspond with the caute."

He then lays down as a primary truth, that, on spiritual subjects, nothing can be discovered by the light of unaffifted reason. Consequently” that, “ to every wise man, opinions, however plausible and ingenious, will afford but a poor compensation for any deviation from the standard of Divine Truth.” - This however does not make, in the least, against the utility of rational criticisin. But rational criticism muit proceed acknowledged principle ; that what has been revealed must be true; and consequently, that no defect of comprehension on our parts, can justify an argument against the clear Letter of Scripture." - Hence the science of divinity is greatly indebted to as that talent

for clofe reasoning and critical investigation, which distinguishes the writings of some modern divines ; and renders them hardly less serviceable' to the cause of Christianity, than the pious, learned, and unwearied labours of its more early profetlors.”

The learned Author then remarks upon “the excellencies for which the writings of the primitive fathers of the Church are particularly diftinguished. They were plain, fimple, and convincing." As human learning was introduced into the science of theology, it was accompanied by "Philosophical researches, metaphysical fubueties, and vain reaton

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on this

ings." —Hence the mixture of Heathenism and Christian ideas, and in the course of time, of a system of a mixed and heterogeneous quality.Hence, for the sake of indulging fanciful speculation and specious improvements in the science of divinity, many ingenious and learned men have unguardedly and unadvisedly been tempted to leave the plain beaten road, and indulge themselves in “ their own peculiar notions, for a more liberal display of their own particular attainments.” In confirmation of this reatoning, he refers to the “ ancient commentators in general,” who, in their mode of interpreting scripture, confined themselves “ to the obvious sense of the paflage under consideration.” And to exemplify the departure from so excellent a plan, he instances among the moderns, that fingularly able man, the late Bishop Warburton, who "presented the world with an ill-digested mass of heathen learning, which, by a vigour of intellect peculiariy characteristic, he had industriously brought together, for the purpose of proving that the Jews, the chosen people of God, were really lets informed, with respect to the spiritual concerns of life, than the most idolatrous nations that surrounded them."

(To be continued.)

LIST OF BOOKS IN DIVINITY. THE Anniversary Sermon of the Royal and a Scriptural Exposition of the Thir

Humane Society, preached at Grofty-nine Articles of Religion, by the venor Chapel, April 4, and with local Rev. Samuel Clapham, M.A. Vicar of alterations, at Holyrood, Southampton, Christ Church, Hampshire, and of Great June 20; and at St. Helier's, in the island

Ouleborne. pp. 707. Os. in boards. of Jersey, July 18, 1802, by R. Valpy, Christian Benevolence Enforced, in a D. D. F. R. S. Rector of Stradishall, Sermon preached in the Parish Church Suffolk, and Master of Reading School : of St. Martin, Leicester, on Sunday to which is added, an Appendix of Mif- October 3, 1802, by Edward Thomas cellaneous Observations on Resuscitation, Vaughan, M. A. Vicar of St. Martin's by the Society. pp. 68.

and All Saints, in Leicester. pp. 31. 15. The History of the Effects of Religion The Necessity of Future Gratitude and on Mankind, in Countries Ancient and Circumspection, to prove a due Sense of Modern, Barbarous and Civilized, by past Mercies, a Sermon, preached on the Rev. Edward Ryan, D.D. Vicar of Tuesday the ift of June, 1802, being Donoghmore, the second edition. 8vo. the day appointed by Royal Authority PP. 430.

for a General Thanksgiving to AlA Sermon in behalf of those useful and mighty God for the return of Peace, by benevolent Institutions, called Friendly the Rev.Sir Adam Gordon Bart, M. A. Societies, preached at Navestoch, su- Rector of West Tilbury. Effex, and gust, 1802, by John Filkes, B. 1). Vicar Prebendary of Bristol. .pp: 41. of Navestock, Ellex, and late Fellow of A Sermon preached in Lambeth Cha. Trinity College, Oxford. Svo. pp. 24. pel, on Sunday the 27th of June, 1802,

at the Confecration of the Right Rev. G. The English Harmony of the Four Ifaac Huntingford, D. D, Lord Bishop Evangelists, generally disposed after the of Gloucester, by the Rev. William manner of the Greek of William New- Harley, M. A. Fellow of Winchester come, Archbishop of Armagh; with a College; published by command of the Map of Palatine, divided according to Archbishop. 460. pp. 22. Is. 6d. the Twelve Tribes, Explanatory Notes Sermons on various Subjects, preached and Indexes. 8vo. Pp. 476. 75. 6d. in at the Octagon Chapel, Bath, by the boards.

Rev. J. Gardiner, D. D. Rector of An Abridgement of the Lord Bishop of Brailsford, and Vicar of Shirley, in the Lincoln's Elements of Christian Theo. County of Derby. 8vo. 88. logy for the use of Families; containing A Sermon on the Superintendence of proofs of the authenticity and intziration Providence difcernable in the Calamiof the Holy Scriptures-a Summary of tous events of the late War; preached in the History of the Jews---A Brief State- the Chapel of the British Fa&tory, July ment of the Contents of the fiveral Books 10, 1802. on occasion of the Peace, by of the Old and New Testament -a the Rev. L. P. Pett, A. M. late Fellow Short Account of the English Transla- of St. John's College, Oxford. tions of the Bible, and of the Liturgyi Notes on the Bible, by the late Rev.


Is. 6d.


Charles Bulkeley, published from the hua Toulmin, D. D. 3 vols. 8vo. 11.7. Author's Manuscripts, with Memoirs in boards. of the Author and his Works. by Jo



PERSONS. 08.27.] ON Wednesday last, of an in- On Thursday, Oct. 23, at his friend

flammation of the lungs, at Mr. Shearing's, of Packfield-house, in Bristol, whither he went for the recove- Norfolk, Mr. John Slack, of Henny ry of his health, Dr. Hunter, in the 64th Farm, in Soham, Cambridgeshire, leavyear of his age, Mnister of the Scctching a difconfolate widow and nine chilChurch, London-Wall. Few men have dren, to bewail the loss of an excellent by their death occasioned a greater degree husband and parent. His remains were of regret among a more numerous circle on Monday last conveyed for interment of acquaintance; and there are many in- to Soman ; the corpse was met at Mildeed who will be gratified to learn a few denhall, by a numerous train of lamentparticulars of a character fo generally ing friends and neighbours, who were esteemed, and so fincerely lamented. delirous of testifying their last tribute of Dr. Hunter was first one of the Ministers respect to the memory of a most worthy of Leith, in Scotland ; but his popular talents foon pointed him out as a defira- A few days since dicd, the Rev. N. ble paftor to the presbyterian congrega. Walter, rector of Bergh Apton, in Nortion at London-wall. He accepted an folk. offer which they made him, and since Nov. 13.) On Sunday morning, at his that time he has continued for the space house in Wisbech, in the 47th year of his of thirty one years to preside over this age, the Rev. Wm. Walker, rector of charge with undiminished popularity; Terrington, in the county of Norfolk, In the capital he found a method of dif- and one of his Majesty's Justices of the playing other ralents; and a number of Peace for the Isle of Ely. literary productions which he offered to On the 28th of August, at Malta, in the public were all received with favour. the 69th year of his age, greatly regreto His principal original work is the Sacred ted, Thomas Wilson, Esq. Captain of Biography, a series of Discourtes on the his Majesty's fhip Expedition, and of Lives of the Patriarchs, which he hap Pinchbeck in the county of Lincoln. pily delivered to his congregation. His Lately at Chatteris, aged 58, Mrs. Translation of “ P. Prefe's Studies of Merry, wife of Mr. Thomas Merry, Nature,” has been univerfally read. - farmer of that place: she was an affecSonini's Travels is another work which tionate wife ; 'to those who had the pleahe published in an English dreis, with fure of her acquaintance a sincere friend, equal success; and several other French and to the poor in general a kind benewriters owe their reputation in this coun- factress. try to his pen. But perhaps the most Monday fe'nnight, greatly respected, {plendid work of this nature which he aged 88, John Lock, gent. of Mildena executed, is the large work of Lavater. hall.

Nov. 6.] Yesterday morning, aged Lately at Jamaica, Lieut. Samuel Le 67, the Rev. Dr. Burrough, Senior Grice, (second son of the late Rev. Fellow of Magdalen College, in this Charles Le Grice, of Bury) formerly of University.

Trinity college ; respected at college as Yesterday, aged 64, Mr. Isaac Grun- a scholar, and in the army as a soldier. don, porter of Qucen's College, to Lately at Lynn, in his ooth year, Mr. which situation he was appointed on the Ephraim Burton, the oldest ship-malier 4th of November 1766.

belonging to that port. Yesterday se'nnight, the Rev. Steb

On Monday, after a short illness, in bing Shaw, Fellow of Queen's College, the college at Ely, Mrs. Underwood, rector of Hartshorn in Derbyshire, and wife of the Rev. Mr. Underwood, one of author of the History and Antiquities of the Prebends of Ely, and daughter of the the County of Stafford: B. A. 1784; Rev. Dr. Knowles. M. A. 1787 ; B. D. 1796.

Lately at Oundle, in NorthamptonOn Tuesday fe’nnight, at Attleburgh, fhire, Mr. Richard Todd, attorney at the Rev. John Fairfax Francklin, rečtor law. of that parish, and of Earsham, both in Tuesday fe’nnight at Lynn, Miss Norfolk, and formerly of Einmanuel Nelson. College ; B. A. 1764, M.A. 1767.


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