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said, is “ fumma Injuria." The Methodists, in Doctrine, are chiefly erroneous, on account of the lengths they run in it; and the exclusive importance which, in some cafes, they give it. There are two or three great Christian truths, replete with comfort to the mind of man ; upon these they dwell continually. These they magnify in such a degree as to make many other truths fet forth in the Gofpel, appear but of small comparative consequence. Errors of this kind it is a difficult thing to refute ; and it is a very hard talk to convince a man who has fallen into them that he is mistaken. The Methodist tells you he is of the true Church; and turns to the Thirty-nine Articles, and thence to the Bible, for proof of his atiertion. If you can admit half a dozen insulated Texts to decide, and allow a portion or two of two or three of the articles to contain the whole of the case, the Methodist may boast of having offered you demonstration; and may affert that it has lost its force upon your mind; that
come fhort of Righteousness,” refuse the Gospel, and caft the Articles behind you.
The short way with the Methodilis seems to be, to urge the question of Discipline, and to press upon them the sinfulnels of Schism. How can they call themselves members of the true Church, whilft they attend the ministry of self-constituted Teachers ? How can they be deemed Episcopalians “ fitting under” (as they term it) Presbyterian Pattors; or even Paftors who have received but Lay-ordination; if that may be styled ordination which is but a nullity? Under such circumstances the Nethodills wander in utter Schism. They depart farther and farther from the Church ; and all their claim of Churchmembership is but a claim made by ignorance, stimulated by audacity. “ Neither Christ, nor the Holy Spirit, (says Dr. Hickes, in an admirable Letter, prefixed to an Ellay entitled " Lay Baptism invalid,") neither Angels, nor Men, have presumed to act authoritively in things pertaining to God, without the regular call from man as God hath appointed, or an extraordinary call from God.”The same great Divine supplies, in proof of his assertion, almost the whole of what relates to the calling and the ending of Ministers in the Holy Scripture. His selection of Texts is so complete; his arrangement is so perspicuous; and the aggregate forms such an impregnable body of evidence on behalf of the discipline of the Church, that I think you will perform an acceptable work by reprinting it. Dr. Hickes treats of the Mission of Mofes-the Mission of the Jewish Priefts--the Million of St. John the Baptist- the Mislion of Chrift--the Mission of the Holy Spirit - the Miffion of Angels-the Mission of the Apofiles of the Seventy Disciples and of the Succeilors of the Apostles.
1. THE MISSION OF MOSES.--- And the Lord said-Come now there, fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people, &c. out of Egypt. Exod. 3, 10. Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say. Exod. 4. 12. He SENT Moses his servant. Plal. 105. 26.
The Mission OF THE JEWISH PRIESTS.- Take thou unto thee Aaron thy Brother, and his Sons with him, FROM AMONG THE CHILDREN of ISRAEL, that he may minitier UNTO ME in the Priest's Office, even Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazer, and Ithamar, Aaron's Sons. Exod.
And the Lord spake unto Aaron,-Thou and thy Sons with thee shall keep your Priest's Office.- -I HAVE GIVEN your Priest's Office unto you as a service of GIFT, and the STRANGER that cometh nigh fi, e.
as a Priest) shall be put to death. Numb. 18. 1.7. Uzziah the King tranfgrefled against the Lord his God, and went into the temple of the Lord to burn incenfe upon the altar of incense, and Azariah the Priest went in after him, and with him fourscore Priests of the Lord that were valiant men: And they WITHSTOOD Uzziah the king, and said unto him, it APPERTAINETH not unto thee Uzziah to burn incense unto the Lord, but to the Priefts the Sons of Aaron, that are CONSECRATED to burn incense: Go out of the Sanctuary for thou hast trespassed, &c. 2 Chron, 26. 16. 17. 18. For every High Priest taken FROM A MONG MEN, is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for fin : and no man taketh this honour unto himself but he that is CALLED OF GOD as was Aaron. Heb, 5. 1. 3. Not to spend too much time in enumerating thote Texts which prove the Mission of the Prophets, I thall only recite fome of those which plainly evince:
3. THE MISSION OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST. The last of the Jewish Prophets, and immediate fore-runner of our Saviour. There was a MAN Sent from God, whose name was John. He was sent to bear witness of that Light (i. e. of Christ.) He that sent me to Baptize, &c. St. John 1. 6, 8, 33. Behold! I SEND MY MESSENGER (i. e. John the Baptist) before thy face, which thall prepare thy way before thee. St. Mark 1. 2. & 11. 10.
4. The MISSION OF CHRIST, the second person of the Eternal Trini. ty. St. John the Baptist speaking of him ays-He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me. $t. John 1. 27. 30. And our Lord speaking of himself says, He that receiveth me receiveth him (i. e. God the Father) that SENT me, St. Matt. 10.40. St. John 13. 20. And he that despiseth me defpiseth him that sent me, St. Luke 10. 16. God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through him might be faved, St. John 3. 17. Jesus faith, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, St. John 4. 34. He that honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the Father which hath sent him. He that heareth my word and believeth on him that sent me hath everlasting life.-I seek not mine own will but the will of the Father which hath sent me. -The Father hath sent me. And the Father himself which hath sent me, St. John 5. 23, 24, 30, 36, 37. The living Father hath sent me, St. John 6. 57. The Father that sent me, St. John 8. 16. 18. Say ye of him (i. e. of Christ) whom the Father hath fanctified (i. e, consecrated or set apart for the office of the Meilias) and sent into the world, &c. St. John 10.36.
That they may believe that thou haft sent me, St. John 11. 42. I have not spoken of MYSELF, but the Father which sent me, he GAVE ME A COMMANDMENT what I dould say, and what I should speak, St. John 12. 49. And this is Life Eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou HAST SENT.I bave finished the work which thou GAVEST me to do. I came out FROM thee. Thou hast sent me into the world.
Thou haft SENT me, St. John 17. 3, 8, 18. 25. God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. And sent his Son to be the propitiation for our fins, 1 St. John 4, 9, 10. God SENT FORTII his Son made of a woman, &c. Galat. 4. 4. Thus we see that Christ GLORIFIED NOT HIMSELF to be made an High Priest, but He that laid unto him, Thou art my Son, Heb. 5.5. Wherefore let us Consider
the Apostle and High Priest of our profession Christ Jesus, who was faithe FUL to him that APPOINTED him, Heb. 3. 1, 2.
4. The MISSION OF THE HOLY SPIRIT, the Third Person of the Eternal Trinity. The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the FATHER WILL SEND in my name, St. John 14. 26. When the Comforter is come, whom I WILL SEND unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of Truth, who proceedeth from the Father, &c. St. John 15. 26. If I go not away the Comforter will not come unto you, but if I depart I will send him unto you, St. John 16.7. He shall not speak OF HIMSELF,
but what foever he shall hear that shall he speak, ver. 13. - He fhall glorify me, for he shall receive or MINE and shall shew it unto you, ver. 14.
Accordingly, the Holy Ghost was sent from Heaven on the Day of Pentecoft, as St. Peter teftified to the wondering multitude, telling them,
This Jesus - being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath sheD PORTH this, which you now fee and hear (i. e. he hath sent FORTH THE Holy Ghost who has caused those astonithing miraculous wonders which you now fee and hear.) Acts 2. 32, 33. And St. Paul tells the Galatians, God hath senT FORTH the Spirit of his Son (i. e. the Holy Ghost) into your hearts, Galat. 4. 6.
And St. Peter reckons the Holy Ghoft Sent down from Heaven, among those things which the Angels defire to look into, i St. Pet. 1. 12.
-5. THE MISSION OF ANGELS. They are All Ministering Spirits SENT FORTH to minister, Heb. 1. 14. The Angel Gabriel WAS SENT from God unto a city, &c. to a Virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, -St. Luke 1. 26. The same Angel appeared before unto Zacharias and told him, -I am Gabriel that stand in the presence of God, and AM SENT to speak unto thee. -ver. 19. Peter said, Now I know of a surety, that the LORD HATH sent his Angel, and hath delivered me out of the hand of Herod, &c. Acts 12. 11. The Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave unto him, &c. He sent and fignified it by his Angel unto his Servant John, Revelat. 1. 1. The Seven Spirits of God SENT FORTH into all the Earth, Revelat. 5. 6. The Lord God sent his Angel to thew unto his Servants the things which must shortly be done, Revelat. 22.6.
6. The Mission OP THE APOSTLES. After the Twelve Apostles are named, 'tis faid, these Twelve Jesus SENT FORTH and commanded them saying
Preach freely ye have received freely give, St. Matth. 10. 5, 7, 8. As my Father hath sent me even so send l you, St. John 20. 21. - All power is given unto me in Heaven and in Earth. Go YE therefore and teach (or rather disciple) all nations, baptizing them teaching them
-and lo I AM WITH YOU ALWAYS even unto the end of the world. Amen. St. Mat. 28. 18, 19, 20, And to supply the place of Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, the Apostles prayed and said, thou Lord which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two (i. e. of Justus or Matthias) thou hast chosen, that he may TAKE part of this ministry and apostleship, Acts 1. 24, 25. And they gave for their lots, and the lot fell upon Matthias, and he was numbered with the Eleven Apoítles, ver. 26. God hath some in the Church, FIRST Apoftles, 1 Cor. 12. 28. Our Lord said to Ananias concerning the Apostle St. Paul, -He is a chosen vessel unto me to bear my name before the Gentiles, and Kings, and the Children of Israel, Acts 9. 15. - As they
- He GAVE
ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, sePARATE me Barnabas and Saul (i. e. Paul) for the work whereunto I have CALLED
And when they had fafted and prayed, and laid their hands on them they sent them away; so they being SENT FORTH by the Holy Ghost departed, &c. Acts 13, 2, 3, 4. Again, the Lord said unto St. Paul, Depart, for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles, Acts 22. 21. And therefore he stiles himself Paul CALLED to be an Apostle of Jesus Christ, through the will of God, i Cor. 1. 1. and fays in another place,
I am ORDAINED a Preacher and an Apostle - a Teacher of the Gentiles, 1 Tim. 2. 7. How shall they preach except they BE SENT, Rom. 10. 15. When He (i. e. Christ) afcended up on High, fome Apostles, i. e. he gave some the power and authority of being his Ambassadors, Ephef. 4. 11.
7. The Mission OF THE SEVENTY DISCIPLES, and of the DEACONS. After these things the Lord APPOINTED other Seventy also, and SENT them two and two before his face, St. Luke 10. 1. The Twelve (i. e. the Apostles) called the multitude of the Disciples unto them and said, Look ye out among you seven men of honest report full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom WE MAY APPOINT over this business, (i. e. of taking care for the poor) --- And they chose Stephen, &c. whom they set BEFORE THE APOSTLES ; and when they had prayed THEY LAID THEIR HANDS on them, Acts 6. 3, 5, 6.
8. THE MISSION OF THE APOSTLES SUCCESSORS. St. Paul and St. Barnabas ORDAINED them ELDERs in every Church, Acts 14. 23. For this cause left I thee (i. e. Titus) in Crete that thou thouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain Elders in every City, as I (i.e. St. Paul) had APPOINTED thee, Tit. 1. 5. Stir up the gift of God which is in thee (i. e. Stir up that Epifcopal authority, and the gifts annexed thereto, wherewith God hath endowed thee) BY THE PUTTING
OF MY (i. e. St. Paul's) HANDS, 2 Tim. 1.6. The things that thou hast heard of me the same COMMIT thou to faithful men, who Ihall be able to teach others also, 2 Tim. 2. 2. LAY HANDS suddenly on no man, 1 Tim. 5. 22. The Seven Stars are the ANGELS (i. e. the Bishops, or supreme Spiritual Governors) of the Seven Churches, Rey. 1, 20. - Of which St. Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna was one: Now that these Successors of the Apostles, to whom the power of ordaining others into the ministry was conmitted, were not mere Presbyters is evident, from hence, that they had the oversight of the Church of God, 1 Pet. 5. 2. A power to receive an ACCUSATION against (and therefore were each of them a Judge of) an Elder or Minister of a confequently inferior Order, 1 Tim. 5. 19. - It was also their province to rebuke with ALL AUTHORITY, so as to let no man despise them, Tit. 2. 15. to reject, i. e. excommunicate, a man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition, Tit. 3. 10. Without PREFERRING one before another, doing nothing by PARTIALITY, 1 Tim. 5. 21. Hence the particular Angel, or Bithop of the Church in Pergamos, was justly reproved for tolerating them that held the doctrine of Balaan, and the Nicolaitans in that Church, Rev. 2. 14, 15, 16. So also was the particular Angel or Bishop of Thyatira, for suffERING the false Prophetess Jezabel, Rev. 2. 20.
And they could never have been thus juftly censured, if they had not been vested with the powers and authority above mentioned, and these powers do vastly exceed all that can be duly claimed by any mere Preibyter, or body of Prer-, byters whatsoever -----
TO THE EDITORS OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE,
TAKE leave to return my thanks through the medium of your Magazine to C. for his unmerited compliment: our sentiments on the subject of catechizing entirely coincide. The repetition of a portion of Lewis's Catechism certainly is good, inasmuch as it gives the children an habit of acquainting themselves with Scripture; but with all due submission to the better judgment of my lawful pastors, the mode adopted at Stepney seems most likely to be beneficial. Lental examinations too seldom return ; in the lapse of a year many removals, and other circumstances may take place : it is befides scarcely possible for infants memories to retain what they have heard for so long a time; on the other hand, repeating from a book may be without suitable reflection : a monthly lccture would obviate both these objections. Perhaps delivering the lecture memoriter, would impress on the minds of his youthful audience a greater veneration for the abilities of their paftor, than a written difcourse. This laudable practice was at Steppey very judiciously prefaced by a Sermon on the duties of Sponsors. * hope and trust those in the higher class of life would not disdain fending their children and scholars to receive their portion of the fincere milk of the word, as whatever sublunary distinctions there may be, yet both high and low are created by the same Almighty Father,---redeemed by the same Jesus Christ, -and sanctified by the fame Spirit. If any thould object that thus mingling rich and poor would be too likely the means of inciting an idea of equality ; to this I answer, not more than their afl'embling together on the Sabbath ; and surely such a thought never entered the brain of any one who possessed the smallest portion of religion, or even of common sense.
Gentlemen, your obliged Servant, London, Oct 2, 1802.
ON THE BISHOP OF LINCOLN's “ ELEMENTS OF CHRISTIAN
THEOLOGY.” To the EDITORS OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE,
GENTLEMEN, I HAVE very lately perused the Bishop of Lincoln's “ELEMENTS OP
CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY,” the first Volume of which has been not long fince published in " a cheap form," for the purpose, as its Author informs us in his Preface, of “ diffusing more widely a knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, and a belief of their divine authority :” and as no employment can be better adapted to a Christian Bishop, so no one could execute the design in a more satisfactory manner than is here done. The Bishop, having, doubtless, in his thoughts, the neceffity of well-grounding our youth in the knowledge of the Sacred Writings, is pleased to add, “ if it should lead those who are entrusted with the education of Youth to make this most important of all ji udies a regular branch of instruction to their Pupils, my object will be fully answered.”
The “ Elements of Christian Theology,” in its original form, 2 vols. 8vo. was perufed with the greatest avidity by every true friend to the Establithed Religion, who was able to procure a sight of it. The contents of those Volumes were found so truly interesting and useful, that most of the welldifpofed persons who peruled them, desired to poilefs a copy of them;