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For THE YEAR ENDING 31 MARch 1908. Votes1, 2, 3] 5

EXPLAN ATIONS of the DIFFERENCEs between the Numbers and Amounts proposed in the ARMY ESTIMATEs for 1907-08 and those Voted for

1906-07—continued.

W O TE 1.

PAY, &c. OF THE ARMY. DECREASE - - - - £385,000. Owing to the reduction of establishments, there are large savings on Regimental Pay, etc.,

and on the charge for Native Indian troops, partly balanced by increased provision for Reserve

Officers and Men, and for the Field Training of the troops.

W O TE 2.

MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT, PAY, &c.
DECREASE - £30,000

An increase of 10 Officers R.A.M.C. is provided for ; but there are considerable reductions in the charges for Retired Medical Officers re-employed and for Civilian Practitioners, owing to the larger numbers of Officers R.A.M.C. now available for duty. Increased allowance is .

also made for probable vacancies in the establishment.

W O TE 3.

MILITIA: PAY, BOUNTY, &c INCREASE - £21,000. Due to the experimental lengthening of the period of recruits' drill and annual training

in 20 battalions of Infantry Militia, referred to in the Memorandum of the Secretary of

State on these Estimates.

4 Wote A.] ARMY ESTIMATES

EXPLANATIONS of the DIFFERENCEs between the Numbers and Amounts proposed in the ARMY ESTIMATEs for 1907–08 and those Voted for 1906–07.

VOTE A, -NUMBERS: I) ECREASE 14,100.

It is necessary, when Establishments are in course of reduction, to provide in this Vote for numbers temporarily in excess of the new (reduced) Establishments until they can be absorbed. Allowing for the provision so made in 1906–7 and 1907–8, the real reduction of Establishments is 16,600, as follows:–

1907–8. 1906–7.
TOTAL OF WOTE A - - - - - 190,000 204,100
Less provision for supernumeraries - - - 3,600 1,100
186,400. 203,000
- N- —’
Real Reduction - - - - - 16,600

o The following Statement shows in detail the variations in Regimental Units:—

officers. |Y." |Serjeant."."|". "An Ranks. DECREASEs:

Cavalry of the Line - - - - - 2 2 43 - 312 359 Roval Horse - - - - - 11 - 15 2 137 165 A. Field - - - - - 24 - 37 6 548 615 * Igorison . . . . . . 106 9 168 12 1,563 1,858 Royal Engineers - - - - - 6 3 39 13 654 715 Foot Guards - - - - - - 28 1 45 21 750 845 Infantry of the Line - - - - - 248 16 414 144 7,682 8,504 Army Service Corps - - - - - - 3 12 1 173 189 Army Ordnance Corps - - - - - - 2 - - 2 Royal Army Medical Corps - - - 18 - 14 - 53 85 Colonial and Indian Corps - - - 87 2 130 52 2,622 2,893

- TOTAL DECREASES - - - 530 36 919 | 251 14,494 | 16,230

| INCREASES :

Army Ordnance Department - - - 1 - - - - 1 Army Veterinary Corps - - - - (a) 100 - - - 1 101 TOTAL INCREASES- - - - 101 - - - 1 102 NET DECREASES - - - - 429 36 919 251 14,493 | 16,128

There are also some changes under Permanent Staff of Auxiliary Forces, Staff and Departments and Miscellaneous Establishments which result in a net decrease of 472 as follows:–

Officers. Who Serjeants. Domen. Rond An Ranks. | Permanent Staff of Auxiliary Forces. Militia - - - - - - - – 6 – 5 –75 – 22 — 190 – 298 Wolunteers - - - - - - - - – 11 - - – 11 (a) Staff and Departments - - - - || - 103 – 1 +54 - – 106 || – 156 Miscellaneous Establishments - - - || – 20 H-38 – 88 +2 +61 – 7 NET INCREASES AND DECREASES - – 129 +32 || – 120 – 20 — 235 — 472

(a) veterinary Officers transferred from Departmental to Regimental Establishment.

For THE YEAR ENDING 31 MARCH 1908. Votes1, 2, 3] 5

EXPLAN ATIONS of the DIFFERENCEs between the Numbers and Amounts proposed in the ARMY ESTIMATEs for 1907-08 and those Voted for 1906-07—continued.

W O TE 1.

PAY, &c. OF THE ARMY. DECREASE - - - - £385,000. Owing to the reduction of establishments, there are large savings on Regimental Pay, etc.,

and on the charge for Native Indian troops, partly balanced by increased provision for Reserve

Officers and Men, and for the Field Training of the troops.

W O TE 2.

MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT, PAY, &c.
DECREASE - £30,000

An increase of 10 Officers R.A.M.C. is provided for ; but there are considerable reductions in the charges for Retired Medical Officers re-employed and for Civilian Practitioners, owing to the larger numbers of Officers R.A.M.C. now available for duty. Increased allowance is .

also made for probable vacancies in the establishment.

VOTE 3.

MILITIA: PAY, BOUNTY, &c. INCREASE - £21,000. Due to the experimental lengthening of the period of recruits' drill and annual training

in 20 battalions of Infantry Militia, referred to in the Memorandum of the Secretary of

State on these Estimates.

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The numbers present at training are expected to be somewhat less than those provided for in the Estimate of 1906–7.

W OTE 5.

VOLUNTEER CORPS: PAY AND ALLOWANCES.
DECREASE - - - - - - - - - £92,000

Teduced provision is made for Camp Allowances, owing to the abolition of the special “Field

Army” Camps; and credit is taken for receipts from Corps in respect of Loans to be taken over

from the Public Works Loan Board, as explained in the Memorandum of the Secretary of State on these Estimates.

WOTE 6.

QUARTERINGS, TRANSPORT AND REMOUNTS.
DECREASE - - - - - - - - - £202,000

Due to reductions in Colonial Garrisons and in the Army at home, to reduced expenditure on Transport of troops and stores, to savings effected in the cost of sanitary services in South Africa, and to reduced purchases of remounts.

W O TE 7.

SUPPLIES AND CLOTHING.

DECREASE - - - - - - - - - £432,000

Of this decrease, £375,000 arises upon Supplies, and £57,000 upon Clothing, owing to the reduced establishments of men and (as regards Supplies) of horses.

W O TE 8.

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT ESTABLISHMENTS AND GENERAL STORES. DECREASE - - - - - - - - £155,000

The reductions in the Army not only decrease consumption, but set free the equipments of the disbanded units for use by others. The sum provided to complete the harness of the Horse and Field Artillery is less by £18,000 than the corresponding amount in 1906–7 ; and economies have been effected in the stocks of stores not used in war.

For THE YEAR ENDING 31 MARCH 1908. Votes 9 to 16,

W O TE 9.

ARMAMENTS AND ENGINEER STORES.
DECREASE - - - - £872,000

476,000l. is taken to complete the re-armament of the Horse and Field Artillery, a decrease of 681,000l. as compared with the provision for this service in 1906–7. The reduction is due mainly to the work having proceeded with unexpected rapidity, and to savings in prices. Owing to the good progress made with the supply of Small Arms and other warlike stores, there is a general

reduction of requirements.

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Due to the growth of the charges for repayment of sums borrowed under the Military Works Acts, and to increased provision for work on fortifications, owing to the decision not to provide

for future work of this kind by Loan.

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Due to the institution of a new course of Administrative Training for Officers, referred to in the Memorandum of the Secretary of State on these Estimates; to increased provision for Rewards for proficiency in Languages, and to diminished receipts from Cadets at Woolwich and

Sandhurst, owing to reduction of numbers.

W O TE 12.

MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES.

DECREASE - - - - - £10,000

Due to savings on Postage and Medals. Provision is made for instruction of soldiers with a view to their obtaining employment on leaving the Colours.

W O TE 13.

WAR OFFICE AND ARMY ACCOUNTS DEPARTMENT.

INCREASE - - - - - £8,000

Due to the transfer to this vote of charges for Officers and others employed in the War Office, but formerly borne on other votes; and to increments of pay to civilian and soldier clerks in the

Army Accounts 1)epartment.

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Due to the growth of the charges for Retired Pay of Officers, and for Pensions of Warrant Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Soldiers, partly balanced by a reduction of the charges

for Civil Superannuation.

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