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both the book itself and all the people,

20 Saying: This is the blood of the testament, which God hath enjoined unto you.

21 The tabernacle also and all the vessels of the ministry, in like manner, he sprinkled with blood:

22 And almost all things, according to the law, are cleansed with blood: and without shedding of blood there is no remission.

23 It is necessary therefore that the patterns of heavenly things should be cleansed with these: but the heavenly things themselves with better sacri

fices than these.

24 For JESUS is not entered into the Holies made with hands, the patterns of the true: but into heaven itself, that he may appear now in the presence of God for us.

25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the highpriest entereth into the Holies, every year with the blood of others :

27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, and, after this, the judgment:

28 So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin, to them that expect him, unto salvation.


Because of the insufficiency of the sa crifices of the law, Christ our highpriest shed his own blood for us, offering up once for all the sacrifice of our redemption. He exhorts them to perseverance.

OR the law having a shadow of the good things to come, not the very image of the things: by the self-same sacrifices which they offer continually every year, can never make the comers thereunto perfect:

2 For then they would have ceased to be offered: because the worshippers once cleansed should have no conscience of sin any longer:

3 But in them there is made. a commemoration of sins every year.

26 For then he ought to have 4 For it is impossible that suffered often from the begin-with the blood of oxen and ning of the world: but now once at the end of ages, he hath goats sins should be taken appeared for the destruction of sin, by the sacrifice of himself.

a Exod. 24. 8.

Ver. 25. Offer himself often. Christ shall never more offer himself in sacrifice, in that violent, painful, and bloody manner, nor can there be any occasion for it; since by that one sacrifice upon the cross, he has furnished the full ransom, redemption, and remedy for all the sins of the world. But this hinders not that he may offer himself daily in the sacred mysteries in an unbloody manner, for the daily application of that one sacrifice of redemption to our souls.


5 Wherefore when he cometh

into the world, he saith: Sacri

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Ver. 28. To exhaust. That is, to empty or draw out to the very bottom, by a plentiful and perfect redemption.

CHAP. X. Ver. 2. They would have ceased. If they had been of themselves perfect to all the intents of redemption and remission, as Christ's death is; there would have been no occasion of so often repeating them as there is no occasion for Christ's dying any more for our sins.

fice and oblation thou wouldest not: but a body thou hast fitted to me:

6 Holocausts for sin did not please thee.

18 Now where there is a remission of these, there is no more an oblation for sin,

19 Having therefore, brethren, a confidence in the enItering into the Holies by the blood of Christ:

7 Then said I: Behold come: in the head of the book it is written of me: that I should do thy will, O God.

S In saying before, Sacrifices, and oblations, and holocausts, for sin thou wouldest not, neither are they pleasing to thee, which are offered according to the law.

9 Then said 1, Behold, I come to do thy will, O God: he taketh away the first, that he may establish that which followeth.

10 In the which will, we are sanctified by the oblation of the body of JESUS Christ once.

11 And every priest indeed standeth daily ministering, and often offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.

12 But this man offering one sacrifice for sins, for ever sitteth on the right hand of God,

13 From henceforth expecting, until his enemies be made his footstool.

14 For by one oblation he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

15 And the Holy Ghost also doth testify this to us. For after that he said:

16 And this is the testament which I will make unto them after those days, saith the Lord. I will give my laws in their hearts, and on their minds will I write them:

17 And their sins and iniquities I will remember no more.

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20 A new and living way which he hath dedicated for us through the veil, that is to say, his flesh,

21 And a high-priest over the house of God:

22 Let us draw near with a true heart in fulness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with clean water.

23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),

24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto charity and to good works:

25 Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed, but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.


For if we sin wilfully.

d Supra, 6. 4.

Ver. 18. There is no more an oblation for sin: where there is a full remission of sins, as in baptism; there is no more oocasion for a sin-offering to be made for such sins already remitted: and as for sins committed afterwards, they can only be remitted in virtue of the one oblation of Christ's death."

Ver. 26. If we sin wilfully. He speaks of the sin of wilful apostacy from the known truth; after which, as we cannot be baptized again, w cannot expect to have that abundant remission of sins, which Christ pursouls in that ample manner as it is in chased by his death, applied to our

baptism: but we have rather all manner of reason to look for a dreadful judgment; the more because apostater

a Ps. 39. 8.- Ps. 109. 1. 1 Cor. 15. from the known truth seldom or neves Jer. 31. 33. Supra, 8. 8.

have the grace to return to it,

after having the knowledge of the truth, there is now left no sacrifice for sins,

27 But a certain dreadful expectation of judgment, and the rage of a fire which shall consume the adversaries.

28 A man making void the Law of Moses dieth without any mercy under two or three wit


29 How much more, do you think he deserveth worse punishments, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath esteemed the blood of the testament unclean, by which he was sanctified, and hath offered affront to the Spirit of


30 For we know him that hath said: Vengeance belongeth to me, and I will repay. And

confidence, which hath a great reward.

36 For patience is necessary for you: that doing the will of God, you may receive the promise."

37 For yet a little and a very little while, and he that is to come, will come, and will not delay.

38 But my just man liveth by faith: but if he withdraw himself, he shall not please my soul.

39 But we are not the children of withdrawing unto perdition, but of faith to the saving of the soul.


what faith is: its wonderful fruits and efficacy, demonstrated in the fathers.

again: The Lord shall judge his NOW faith is the substance of


31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

32 But call to mind the former days, wherein being illuminated, you endured a great fight of afflictions.

33 And on the one hand indeed, by reproaches and tribulations were made a gazing stock; and on the other, became companions of them that were used in such sort.

34 For you both had compassion on them that were in bards, and took with joy the being stripped of your own goods, knowing that you have a better and a lasting sub


35 Do not therefore lose your

a Deut. 17. 6. Matt. 18. 16. John 8. 17. 2 Cor.13. 1.- Deut. 32. 35. Rom. 12. 19.


things to be hoped for, the evidence of things that appear not.

2 For by this the ancients obtained a testimony.

3d By faith we understand that the world was framed by the word of God; that from invisible things visible things might be made,

4By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding that of Cain, by which he obtained a testimony that he was just, God giving testimony to his gifts, and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

5 By faith Henoch was. translated, that he should not see death, and he was not found because Godhad translated him: For before his translation he had testimony that he pleased God.

c Habac. 2. 4. Rom. 1. 17. Gal. 3. 11.-d Gen. 1. 4.-e Gen. 4. 4.- Matt, 23. 35.- Gen. 5. 24. Eccli. 44. 16.

6 But without faith it is im- | possible to please God. For he that cometh to God, must believe that he is, and is a rewarder to them that seek him.

7 By faith Noe having received an answer concerning those things which as yet were not seen, moved with fear framed the ark for the saving of his house, by the which he condemned the world; and was instituted heir of the Justice which is by faith.

8 By faith he that is called Abraham, obeyed to go out into a place which he was to receive for an inheritance: and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

9 By faith he abode in the land, dwelling in cottages, with Isaac and Jacob, the co-heirs of the same promise.

10 For he looked for a city that hath foundations: whose builder and maker is God.

11 By faith Sara also herself, being barren, received received strength to conceive seed, even past the time of age: because she believed that he was faithful who had promised.

12 For which cause there sprung even from one (and him as good as dead) as the stars of heaven in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea-shore innumerable.

13 All these died according to faith not having received the promises, but beholding them afar off, and saluting them, and confessing that they are

a Gen. 6. 14. Eccli. 44. 17.-b Gen. 12. 1. c Gen. 17 19.

CHAP. XI. Ver. 8. He that is called Abraham: or, Abraham being alled. 870

pilgrims and strangers on the earth.

14 For they that say these things, do signify that they seek a country.

15 And truly if they had been mindful of that from whence they came out, they had doubt. less time to return.

16 But now they desire a better, that is to say, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.

17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered Isaac; and he that had received the promises, offered up his only begotten Son:

18 (To whom it was said: In Isaac shall thy seed be called.)

19 Accounting that God is able to raise up even from the dead. Whereupon also he re ceived him for a parable.

20 By faith also of things to come Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau.

21 By faith Jacob dying blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and adored the top of his rod.

d Gen. 22. 1. Eccli. 44. 21.-e Gen. 21. 12. Rom. 9. 7.-f Gen. 27. 27. 39.-g Gen. 48. 15.- Gen. 47. 31.

a figure of Christ, slain and coming to Ver. 19. For a parable; that is, as life again.

Ver. 21. Adorea the top of his rod. The apostle here follows the ancient Greek bible of the seventy interpreters (which translates in this manner, Gen. xlvii. 31) and alleges this fact of Jacob, in paying a relative honour and vene ration to the top of the rod or sceptre of Joseph, as to a figure of Christ's sceptre and kingdom, as an instance and argument of his faith. some translators, who are no friends But to this relative honour, have corrupted

22 By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the going out of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones.

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents: because they saw he was a comely babe, and they feared not the king's edict.

24d By faith Moses, when he was grown up, denied himself to be the son of Pharao's daughter;

25 Rather choosing to be afflicted with the people of God, than to have the pleasure of sin for a time,

26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ, greater riches than the treasure of the Egyptians. For he looked unto the reward.

27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the fierceness of the king: for he endured as seeing him that is invisible.

28 By faith he celebrated the pasch, and the shedding of the blood that he, who destroyed the first-born might not touch them.

29 By faith they passed through the Red Sea, as by dry land which the Egyptians attempting were swallowed up.

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, by the going round them seven days.

31 By faith Rahab the har

a Gen. 50. 23.-b Exod. 2. 2-c Exod.

1. 17.- Exod. 2. 11.-e Exod. 12. 21.fExod. 14. 22.-g Jos. 6. 20.-h Jos. 2. 3. Jas. 2. 25.

the text, by translating it, he worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff; as if this circumstance of leaning upon his staff were any argument of Jacob's faith, or worthy the being thus particuJarly taken notice of by the Holy Ghost.

| lot perished not with the unbe lievers, receiving the spies with peace.

32 And what shall I yet say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, Barac, Samson, Jephthe, David, Samuel, and the prophets:

33 Who by faith conquered kingdoms, wrought justice, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, recovered strength from weakness, became valiant in battle, put to flight the armies of foreigners:

35 Women received their dead raised to life again. But others were racked not accepting deliverance, that they might find a better resurrection.

36 And others had trial of mockeries and stripes, moreover also of bands and prisons:

37 They were stoned, they were cut asunder, they were tempted, they were put to death by the sword, they wandered about in sheep-skins, in goat-skins, being in want, distressed, afflicted:

38 of whom the world was not worthy; wandering in deserts, in mountains, and in dens, and in caves of the earth.

39 And all these being approved by the testimony of faith, received not the promise,

40 God providing some better thing for us, that they should not be perfected without us..

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