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he brake, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples gave to the people.

37 And they did all eat, and had their fill. And they took up, seven baskets. full, of what remained of the fragments. 38 And they that did eat, were four thousand men, besides children and women.

39 And having dismissed the multitude, he went up into a boat, and came into the coasts of Magedan.


Christ refuses to shew the Pharisees a sign from heaven. Peter's confession is rewarded. He is rebuked for op posing Christ's passion. All his followers must deny themselves.

AND a there came to him the

Pharisees and Sadducees tempting and they asked him

of the Pharisees, and Saddu


7 But they thought within themselves, saying: Because we have taken no bread.

8 And JEsus knowing it, said: Why do you think within yourselves, O ye of little faith, for that you have no bread?

9 Do you not yet understand, neither do you remember the five loaves among five thousand men, and how many baskets. you took up?

10 Nor the seven loaves, among four thousand men, and how many baskets you took up!

11 Why do you not understand that it was not concerning bread I said to you: Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?


12 Then they understood that he said not that they should beto show them a sign from hea-ware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees."


2 But he answered and said to them: When it is evening, you say: It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.

13 And JESUS came into the quarters of Cesarea Philippi: and he asked his disciples, say3 And in the morning: To-ing: Whom do men say that the day there will be a storm, for the son of man is? sky is red and lowering: You know then how to discern the face of the sky: and can you not know the signs of the times?

4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign: and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. And he left them and went away.

5 And when his disciples were come over the water, they had forgotten to take bread..

6 Who said to them: Take heed and beware of the leaven

Mark 8. 11.-b Luke 12. 54.-c Supra, 12, 39.-d Jonas 2. 1.-e Mark 8. 15. Luke 12, 1.

But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

15 JESUS saith to them: But whom do you say that I am?

16 Simon Peter answered and. said: Thou art Christ the Son of the living God.

17 And JESUS answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.

Supra, 14. 17. John 6. 9.-g Supra, 15. 34.-h Mark 8. 27. Mark 8. 28. Cuke 9. 19,—kehr b, 70.

18 And I say to thee: That | thou art Peter; and upon this t rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

19 And I will give to thee a John 12. 42.-b Isaias 22. 22. CHAP. XVI. Ver. 18. Thou art Peter, &c. As St. Peter, by divine revelation, here made a solemn profession of his faith of the divinity of Christ; so in recompense of this faith and profession, our Lord here declares to him the dignity to which he is pleased to raise him: Vis., that he, to whom he had already given the name of Peter, signifying a rock, St. John i. 42, should be a rock indeed, of invincible strength, for the support of the building of the Church; in which building he should be, next to Christ himself, the chief foundation stone, in quality of chief pastor, ruler, and governor and should have accordingly all fulness of ecclesiastical power, signified by the keys of the kingdom of heaven-Ibid. Upon this rock, &c. The words of Christ to Peter, spoken in the vulgar language of the Jewa which our Lord made use of, were the same as if he had said in English, Thou art a Rock, and upon this rock I will build my church. So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter is here declared to be the rock, upon which the church was to be built: Christ himself being both the principal foundation and founder of the same. Where

also note, that Christ, by building his house, that is, his church, upon a rock, has thereby secured it against all storms and floods, like the wise builder, St. Matt. vii. 24. 25.-Ibid. The gates of hell, &c. That is, the powers of darkness, and whatever satan can do, either by himself, or his agents. For as the church is here likened to a house, or fortress, built on a rock; so the adverse powers are likened to a contrary house or fortress, the gates of which, i. e. the whole strength, and all the efforts it can make, will never be able to prevail over the city or church of Christ. By this promise we are fully assured, that neither idolatry, heresy, nor any pernicious error whatsoever shall at any time orevail over the church of Christ.

Ver. 19. Loose on earth. The loosing the bands of temporal punishments due to sins, is called an indulgence, the power of which is here granted.

the keys of the Kingdom of neaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven.

20 Then he commanded his disciples, that they should tell no one that he was JESUS the CHRIST.

21 From that time JESUS began to show to his disciples, that he must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the ancients and scribes and chief priests, and be put to death, and the third day rise again.

22 And Peter taking him, began to rebuke him, saying: Lord, be it far from thee, thist shall not be unto thee.

23 Who turning said to Peter. d Go behind me, satan, thou art a scandal unto me: because thou savourest not the things that are of God, but the things that are of men.

24 Then JESUS said to his disciples: If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow


25 For he that will save his

c John 20. 23.-d Mark 8. 33.-e Supra, 10. 38. Luke 9. 23. and 14. 27. -f Luke 17. 33. John 12. 25.

Ver. 22. And Peter taking him. That is, taking him aside, out of a tender love, respect and zeal for his Lord and Master's honour, began to expostulate with him, as it were to rebuke him, saying, Lord, far be l from thee to suffer death: but the Lord said to Peter, ver. 23, Go behind me, satan. These words may signify, begone from me; but the holy fathers expound them otherwise, that is, come after me, or follow me; and by these words the Lord would have Peter to follow him in his suffering, and not to oppose the divine will by contradic tion; for the word satan means in Hebrew an adversary, or one that op poses.

Hife, shall lose it: and he that shall lose his life for my sake, shall find it.

26 For what doth it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his own soul? Or what exchange shall a man give for his soul?

27 For the son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his Angels: and then will he render to every man according to his works.

28 Amen I say to you, there there are some of them that stand here, that shall not taste death, till they see the son of man coming in his kingdom.


The transfiguration of Christ: He cures the lunatic child, foretels his passion: and pays the didrachma.

Atten to him Peter and taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:

2 And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun and his garments became white as snow."

3 And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.

4 And Peter answering, said to JESUS: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.

6 And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.

7 And JEsUs came and touched them: and said to them: Arise, and fear not.

8 And they lifting up thei eyes, saw no one, but only JESUS.

9 And as they came down from the mountain, JESUS charged them, saying: Tell the vision to no man, till the son of man be risen from the dead.

10 And his disciples asked him, saying: Why then do the Scribes saythat Elias must come first?

11 But he answering, said to them Elias indeed shall come, and restore all things.

12 But I say to you, that Elias is already come, and theyknew him whatsoever a unto him whatsoever they had a mind. So also the son of man shall suffer from them.

13 Then the disciples understood, that he had spoken to them of John the Baptist.

14 And when he was come. to the multitude, there came to him a man falling down on his knees before him, saying: Lord, have pity on my son, for he is a lunatic, and suffereth much: for he falleth often into the fire, and often into the water.

15 And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him.

5 And as he was yet speak- 16 Then JESUS answered and ing, behold a bright cloud over- said: 0 unbelieving and pershaded them. And lo a voice verse generation, how long shall out of the cloud, saying: This I be with you? how long shall is my beloved Son, in whom II suffer you? Bring him hither am well pleased: hear ye him. to me.

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17 And Jesus rebuked him, and the devil went out of him, and the child was cured from that hour.

18 Then came the disciples to JESUS secretly, and said: Why could not we cast him out?

19 JESUS said to them: Because of your unbelief. For, amen I say to you, if you have faith as a grain of mustard-seed, you shall say to this mountain, Remove from hence hither, and it shall remove: and nothing shall be impossible to you.

20 But this kind is not cast out but by prayer and fasting. 21 And when they abode together in Galilee, JESUS said to them: The son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:

22 And they shall kill him,

and the third day he shall rise again. And they were troubled exceedingly.

23 And when they were come to Capharnaum, they that received the didrachmas, came to Peter, and said to him: Doth not your master pay the didrachma?

24 He said: Yes. And when he was come into the house, JESUS prevented him, saying: What is thy opinion, Simon? The kings of the earth, of whom do they receive tribute or custom? of their own children, or of strangers?

25 And he said: Ofstrangers. JESUS said to him: Then the children are free.

26 But that we may not scandalize them, go to the sea, and cast in a hook: and that fish which shall first come up, tako: and when thou hast opened its mouth, thou shalt find a stater: take that, and give it to them for me and thee.


Christ teaches humility, to beware of scan. dal, and to flee the occasions of sin. to denounce to the church incorrigible sinners, and to look upon such as refuse to hear the church as heathens. He promises to his disciples the power of binding and loosing: and that he will be in the midst of their assemblies. No forgiveness for them that will not forgive.


that hour the disciples

came to JESUS, saying. Who, thinkest thou, is the greater in the kingdom of heaven?

2 d And JESUS calling unto him a little child, set him in the midst of them.

3 And said: Amen I say to you, unless you be converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, he is the greater in the kingdom of heaven.

5 And he that shall receive one such little child in my a Luke 17. 6.-b Infra, 20. 18. Mark name, receiveth me. 9. 30. Luke 9. 44.

CHAP. XVII. Ver. 19. As a grain of mustard-seed. That is, a perfect faith; which in its properties, and its fruits, resembles the grain of mustardseed, in the parable, chap. xii. 31,

Ver. 23. The didrachmas. A di drachma was half a sickle, or half a stater; that is, about 15d. English; which was a tax laid upon every head for the service of the temple.

6 But he that shall scan dalize one of these little ones

c Mark 9. 33. Luke 9. 46.-d Infra, 19. 14.1 Cor. 14. 20.- Mark 9. 41 Luke 17. 2.

CHAP. XVIII. Ver. 6. Shall scandalize. That is, shall put a stumblingblock in their way, and cause then to fall into ain,

that believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone should be hanged about his neck, and that he should be drowned in the depth of the sea.

7 Wo to the world because of candals. For it must needs be that scandals come: but nevertheless wo to that man by whom the scandal cometh.

8. And if thy hand, or thy foot, scandalize thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee. It is better for thee to go into life, maimed or lame, than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into everlasting fire.

9 And if thy eye scandalize thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee. It is better for thee having one eye to enter into life, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.

10. See that you despise not one of these little ones: for I say to you, that their Angels in heaven always see the face of my Father who is in heaven. 11 For the son of man is come to save that which was lost.

12 What think you? If a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them should go astray; doth he not leave the ninety-nine in the mountains, and goeth to seek that which is gone astray?

18 And if it so be that he find it: Amen I say to you, he rejoiceth more for that, than for the ninety-nine that went not astray.

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14 Even so it is not the will of your Father, who is in hea ven, that one of these little ones should perish.

15 But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy brother.

16 And if he will not hear thee, take with thee one or two more: that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may stand.

17 And if he will not hear them: tell the church. And if he will not hear the church, let him be to thee as the heathen and publican.

18 Amen I say to you, whatsoever you shall bind upon earth, shall be bound also in heaven and whatsoever you shall loose upon earth shall be loosed also in heaven.

19 Again I say to you, that if two of you shall consent upon earth, concerning anything whatsoever they shall ask, it shall be done to them by my Father who is in heaven.

20 For where there are two or three gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

21 Then came Peter unto him and said: Lord, how often shall my brother offend against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?

e Lev. 19. 17. Eccli. 19. 13. Luke 17. 3. Jas. 5 19.- Deut. 19. 15. John 8. 17. 2 Cor. 13. 1. Heb. 10. 28.-g 1 Cor. 5. 9. 2 Thess. 3. 14.-h John 20. 23. i Luke 17. 4.

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