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he brake, and gave to his disci- of the Pharisees, and Saddu. ples, and the disciples gave to

cees. the people.

7 But they thought within 37 And they did all eat, and themselves, saying: Because we had their fill. And they took have taken no bread. up, seven baskets. full, of what - 8 And Jesus knowing it, said: remained of the fragments. Why do you think within your.

38 And they that did eat, selves, o ye of little faith, for were four thousand men, be- that you have no bread? sides children and women.

9 Do you not yet understand, 39 And having dismissed the neither do you remember / the multitude, he went up into a five loaves among five thousand boat, and came into the coasts men, and how many baskets of Magedan.

you took up?

10 & Nor the seven loaves, CHAP. XVI.

among four thousand men, and Christ refuses to shew the Pharisees a

how many baskets you took up? sign from heaven. Peter's confession

11 Why do you not underis rervarded. He is rebuked for op- stand that it was not concerning posing Christ's passion. Au his folo bread I said to you: Beware of lowers must deny themselves.

the leaven of the Pharisees and ND a there came to him the Sadducees? Pharisees and Sadducees

12 Then they understood that tempting: and they asked him he said not that they should beto show them a sign from hea- ware of the leaven of bread, but ven.

of the doctrine of the Phariseeg 2 But he answered and said and Sadducees.' to them: When it is evening, 13 4 And JESUS came into the you say : It will be fair weather, quarters of Cesarea Philippi: for the sky is red.

and he asked his disciples, say. 3 And in the morning : To- ing: Whom do men say that the day there will be a storm, for the son of man is ? sky is red and lowering : You 14 But they said: Some John know then how to discern the

the Baptist, and other some face of the sky: and can you not Elias, and others Jeremias, or know the signs of the times? one of the prophets.

4 . A wicked and adulterous 15 JESUS saith to them: But generation seeketh after a sign: whom do you say that I am ? and a sign shall not be given it, 16 Simon Peter answered and d but the sign of Jonas the pro- said : # Thou art Christ the Son phet. And he left them and of the living God. went away.

17 And JESUS answering, said 5 And when his disciples were to him: Blessed art thou, Sicome over the water, they had mon Bar-Jona: because flesh forgotten to take bread.

and blood hath not revealed it 6 Who said to them: Take

to thee, but my Father who is heed and beware of the leaven in heaven,

& Mark 8. 11.- Luke 12. 54.-c Supra, 12. 39,-d Jonas 2. 1.-e Mark 8. 15. Luke 12. 1.

fSupra, 14. 17. John 6.9.- Supra, 15. 34-h Mark 8. 27.-i Mark 8. 28. iu. 19.-* Ishp o. 70.

18 - And I say to thee: That the keys of the kingaom of nea. thou art Peter; and upon this ven. • And whatsoever thou rock I will build my church, and shalt bind upon earth, it shall bo the gates of hell shall not prevail bound also in heaven: and whatagainst it.

soever thou shalt loose on earth, 19 6 And I will give to thee it shall be loosed also in heaven.

20 Then he commanded his a John 12. 42.- Isaias 22. 22.

disciples, that they should tell CHAP. XVI. Ver. 18. Thou art

no one that he was JESUS the Peter, &c. As St. Peter, by divine revelation, here made a solemn profes

CHRIST. sion of his faith of the divinity of 21 From that time Jesus beChrist; so in recompense of this faith

gan to show to his disciples, that and profession, our Lord here declares to him the dignity to which he is

he must go to Jerusalem, and pleased to raise him: Viz., that he, to suffer many things from the whom he had already given the name ancients and scribes and chief of Peter, signifying a rock, St. John i. 42, should be a rock indeed, of in. priests, and be put to death, and vincible strength, for the support of the third day rise again. the building of the Church; in which

22 And Peter taking him, building he should be, next to Christ himself, the chief foundation stone,

began to rebuke him, saying : in quality of chief pastor, ruler, and Lord, be it far from thee, this governor and should have accord shall not be unto thee. ingly all fulness of ecclesiastical power, signified by the keys of the kingdom

23 Who turning said to Peter. of heaven.-Ibid. Upon this rock, &c. d Go behind me, satan, thou art The words of Christ to Peter, spoken a scandal unto me : because in the vulgar language of the Jews which our Lord made use of, were the

thou savourest not the things same as if he had said in English, that are of God, but the things Thou art a Rock, and upon this rock i that are of men. will build my church. So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter is here

24 Then Jesus said to his disdeclared to be the rock, upon which ciples: • If any man will come the church was to be built : Christ him after me, let him deny himself, self being both the principal foundation and founder of the same. Where

and take up his cross, and follow also note, that Christ, by building his me. house, that is, his church, upon a rock,

25 / For he that will save his has thereby secured it against all storms and floods, like the wise builder,

c John 20. 23.- Mark 8. 33.-e SuSt. Matt. vii. 24. 25.-Ibid. The gates

pra, 10. 38. Luke 9. 23. and 14, 27. of hell, &c. That is, the powers of

- Luke 17. 33. John 12. 25. darkness, and whatever satan can do, either by himself, or his agents. For Ver. 22. And Peter taking him. as the church is here likened to a That is, taking him aside, out of a house, or fortress, built on a rock; so tender love, respect and zoal for his the adverse powers are likened to a Lord and Master's honour, began to contrary house or fortress, the gates expostulate with him, as it were to of which, i.e. the whole strength, and rebuke him, saying, Lord, far be ir all the efforts it can make, will never from thee to suffer death: but the be able to prevail over the city or Lord said to Peter, ver. 23, Go behind church of Christ. By this promise me, satan. These words may signify,

are fully assured, that neither begone from me; but the holy fathers idolatry, heresy, nor any pernicious expound them otherwise, that is, come error whatsoever shall at any time after me, or follow me; and by these orevail over the church of Christ, words the Lord would have Peter to

Ver. 19. Loose on earth. The loos- follow him in his suffering, and not to ing the bands of temporal punish- oppose the divine will by contradic. ments due to sins, is called an indul- tion; for the word satan means in gence, the power of which is here Hebrew an adversary, or one that op granted.



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life, shall lose it: and he that | 6 And the disciples hearing, shall lose his life for my sake, fell upon their face, and were Bhall find it.

very much afraid. 26 For what doth it profit a

7 And JESUS came and touched man, if he gain the whole world, them: and said to them: Arise, and suffer the loss of his own and fear not. soul? Or what exchange shall 8 And they lifting up their a man give for his soul?

eyes, saw no one, but only 27 For the son of man shall JESUS. come in the glory of his father 9 And as they came down with his Angels : « and then will from the mountain, JESUS he render to every man accord- | charged them, saying: Tell the ing to his works.

vision to no man, till the son of 28 Amen I say to you, there


man be risen from the dead. are some of them that stand 10 And his disciples asked here, that shall not taste death, him, saying: • Why then do the till they see the son of man Scribes saythat Elias must come coming in his kingdom.


11 / But he answering, said CHAP. XVII.

to them: Elias indeed shall The transfiguration of Christ: He cures come, and restore all things.

the lunatic child, foretels his passion: 12 But I say to you, & that and pays the didrachma.

Elias is already come, and they him

unto whatsoever they James, and John his brother, mind. So also the son of man and bringeth them up into a shall suffer from them. high mountain apart:

13 Then the disciples under2 And he was transfigured stood, that he had spoken to before them. And his face did them of John the Baptist. shine as the sun: and his gar- 14 i And when he was come ments became white as snow. to the multitude, there came to

3 And behold there appeared him a man falling down on his to them Moses and Elias talking knees before him, saying: Lord, with him.

have pity on my son, for he is a 4 And Peter answering, said lunatic, and suffereth much: for to Jesys: Lord, it is good for us he falleth often into the fire, and to be here: if thou wilt, let us often into the water. make here three tabernacles, 15 And I brought him to thy one for thee, and one for Moses, disciples, and they could not and one for Elias.

cure him. 5 And as he was yet speak- 16 Then JESUS answered and ing, behold a bright cloud over- said: 0 unbelieving and pershaded them. d And lo a voice verse generation, how long shall out of the cloud, saying: This I be with you ? how long shall is my beloved Son, in whom II suffer you? Bring him hither am well pleased: hear ye him.

& Acts 17. 31. Rom. 2. 6.- Mark e Mark 9. 10.-f Mal. 4, 5,- Supra, 8. 39. Luke 9. 28.-c Mark 9. I. Luke 11. 14.-h Supra, 14. 10.-i Mark 9. 16 # 18 d Supra, 3. 17. 2 Pet. 1 17. Luke 9. 38.


to me.

AT cathat houreihe, disciples

17 And JESUS rebuked him, 25 And he said: Of strangers. and the devil went out of him, JESUS said to him ; Then the and the child was cured from children are free. that hour.

26 But that we may not scan. 18 Then came the disciples to dalize them, go to the sea, and Jesus secretly, and said: Why cast in a hook: and that fish could not we cast him out? which shall first come up, take:

19 Jesus said to them: Be- and when thou hast opened its cause of your unbelief. a For, mouth, thou shalt find a stater: amen I say to you, if you have take that, and give it to them faith as a grain of mustard-seed, for me and thee. you shall say to this mountain, Remove from hence hither, and

CHAP. XVIII. it shall remove: and nothing

Christ teaches humility, to beware of scan. shall be impossible to you.

dal, and flee the occusions of sin,

to denounce to the church incorrigible 20 But this kind is not cast sinners, and to look upon such as reout but by prayer and fasting.

fuse to hear the church as heathens. 21 And when they abode to

Be promises to his disciples the power

of binding and loosing: and that he gether in Galilee, Jesus said to will be in the midst of their assemblies. them: 6 The son of man shall be 6

No forgiveness for them that will not

forgive. betrayed into the hands of men:

22 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall rise came to JESUSsaying again. And they were troubled Who, thinkest thou, is the exceedingly.

greater in the kingdom of hea23 And when they were come

ven? to Capharnaum, they that re

2 d And JESUS calling unto ceived the didrachmas, came to him a little child, set him in the Peter, and said to him: Doth midst of them. not your master pay the di

3 And said : Amen I say to drachma?

you, unless you be converted, 24 He said: Yes. And when and become as little children, he was come into the house,

you shall not enter into the Jesus prevented him, saying? | kingdom of heaven. What is thy opinion, Simon!

4 Whosoever therefore shal) The kings of the earth, of whom humble himself as this little do they receive tribute or cus-child, he is the greater in the tom? of their own children, or kingdom of heaven. of strangers ?

5 And he that shall receive

one such little child in my a Luke 17. 6.- Infra, 20. 18. Mark name, receiveth me. 9. 30. Luke 9. 44.

6 / But he that shall scan

dalize one of these little ones CHAP. XVII. Ver. 19. As a grain of mustard-seed. That is, a perfect faith; which in its properties, and its

c Mark 9. 33. Luke 9. 46.-d Infra, fruits, resembles the grain of mustard.

19. 14.-e1 Cor. 14. 20.-f Mark 9. 41. seed, in the parable, chap. xii. 31,

Luke 17. 2. Ver. 23. The didrachmas. A didrachma was half a sickle, or half a CHAP. XVIII. Ver. 6. Shall scan stater ; that is, about 15d. English; dalize. That is, shall put a stumblingwhich was a tax laid upon every head block in their way, and cause that for the service of the temple.

fall into sin,

that believe in me, it were better | 14 Even so it is not the will for him that a millstone should of your Father, who is in heabe hanged about his neck, and ven, that one of these little ones that he should be drowned in should perish. the depth of the sea.

15. But if thy brother shall. 7 Wo to the world because of offend against thee, go, and recandals. For it must needs be buke him between thee and him that scandals come: but never- alone. If he shall hear thee, theless wo to that man by whom thou shali gain thy brother. the scandal cometh.

16 And if he will not hear 8 . And if thy hand, or thy thee, take with thee one or two foot, scandalize thee, cut it off, more: 1 that in the mouth of and cast it from thee. It is two or three witnesses every better for thee to go into life, word may stand. maimed or lame, than having 17 & And if he will not hear two hands or two feet, to be cast them: tell the church. And if into everlasting fire.

he will not hear the church, let 9 And if thy eye scandalize him be to thee as the heathen thee, pluck it out, and cast it and publican. from thee. It is better for thee 18* Amen I say to you, whathaving one eye to enter into life, soever you shall bind upon than having two eyes to be cast earth, shall be bound also in into hell fire.

heaven: and whatsoever you 10 See that you despise not shall loose upon earth shall be one of these little ones: for I loosed also in heaven. say to you, that their Angels 19 Again I say to you, that it in heaven always see the face two of you shall consent upon of my Father who is in heaven. earth, concerning anything

11. For the son of man is whatsoever they shall ask, it come to save that which was shall be done to them by my lost.

Father who is in heaven. 12 d What think you? If a 20 For where there are two man have an hundred sheep, or three gathered together in and one of them should go my name, there am I in the astray; doth he not leave the midst of them. ninety-nine in the mountains, 21 Then came Peter unto him and goeth to seek that which is and said : Lord, how often shall gone astray?

my brother offend against me, 13 And if it so be that he find and I forgive him? till seven it: Amen I say to you, he re- times ? joiceth more for that, than for the ninety-nine that went not

e Lev. 19. 17. Eccli. 19. 13. Luka

17. 3. Jas. 5 19.-f Deut. 19. 15. John astray.

8. 17. 2 Cor. 13. 1. Heb. 10. 28.-g1

Cor, 5. 9. 2 Thess, 3. 14.- John 20. a Supra, 5. 30. Mark 9, 42.-b Ps. 23.-i Luke 17. 4. 33. 8.--c Luke 19. 10.- Luke 15. 4.

Ver. 20. There am I in the midst of Ver. 7. It must needs be, &c. Viz., them. This is understood of such as considering the

wickedness and corrup. semblies only, as are gathered in the tion of the world.

name and authority of Christ; and in Ver. 8. Scandalize the. That is, unity of the church of Christ. Aasse thee to offend

Cyprian de Unitate Ecclesiæ.



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